Newspaper Page Text
VOL. XI, LAKE PROVIDENCE. EAST CARROLL PARI, LA., SATURDAY. AP 20, 190
VOid, Y,,'.[ [,.a~;'~DDVr·NB )PROIDgNE fgTC]O,. ,S' ... S.AITUD.Y, APRIL, a0, 190, NO, J9
As many men act so much lile mon
keys, the efforts of Professor Garner
to reduce monkey language to a prac
tical form assumes the aspect of a
The Argentine Republic Is seeking
Japanese immigrants. She offers free
lands to 20,000 of them if they will
come. No better class of Immigrants
could be secured by any country.
Children in the big cities do not get
a very intimate knowledge or animat
ed nature. The Chicago Journal says,
"Seventy-eight school children were
polled at the fat stock show recently.
Only eight had seen a cow before; four
had seen a hog, and six had seen a
In the colleges the young men still
outnumber the young women, but the
proportion is fast changing in favor of
the latter. Between the years 1872
and 1889 the attendance in colleges in
the United States doubled, but in that
interval the number of women had in- t
creased six times.
Rummage sales, the current popular t
form of charity, are severely scored by 0
the general secretary of the Brooklyn
Bureau of Charities. He holds that k
they are demoralizing to the poor, un- a
economic, and that they take away
from charitable organizations useful d
articles that otherwise would be dis- a
tributed with care and discretion. fi
One of the curious effects of the d
South African war has been the crea
tion of a boom in the manufacture of t
toy soldiers, and the starting of a q
movement in Paris, headed by Emile
Zola,dto suppress it, as the giving of i
these toys to children, they say, ex
cites a passion for uniforms and per- rc
petuates the military spirit. f
A Philadelphia Judge has decided A
that a husband is not bound to sup
port a wife who smokes cigarettes. ml
This supilements and complements the a
recent decision of a Wisconsin Judge tl
that the excessive smoking of cigar
ettes by a husband entitles a wife to bh
divorce. The cigarette looms up large
as a destroyer of domeAtic harmony. S
"'Government by Public Opinion" o0
was the subject of a recent address by l
President Hadley, of Yale. He main
tained that the controlling force in I
government is public opinion. But a
he does not hold that public opinion
always gets clear manifestation in d
political party action. This is the rea- h
son why laws that get a place in the W
statute book often are impotent to
effect the ends sought. Public opinion,
in fact, does not support them, and Is g
better content that they should be dor- Ii
mant than that tney should be active.
The controlling forces of public senti
ment in the interpretation and en
forcement of laws is a phenomenon a
constantly in sight. Wise statesman- t'
ship takes due account of it, The "
moral, of course, is that the main
thing to be attended to by those who l
would renovate existing cdnditions is b
to educate the minds and conpciences U
of the people. a
That women are not qualified to ad
rance in any line of work seems not b
to be a sound argument for discharg
ing them, when we reflect that women b
nowadays are educated In all lines,
their intellectual ability is proved
equal to men's, their executive ability
is demonstrated, and they signify a p
willingness to assume the burden of V
any sort of work, states Harper's
Bazar. Wherein, then, are they not
Qualified? In this: They are not per- a
manent. Marriage intervenes. Ac- L
cording to the most recent statistics,
but eight per cent. of women in in- b
dustry are wives. The average period
during which a woman engages in an a
occupation is four years, nine and two- I
tenths mcnths. At the time when a
woman In the natural course of busni
ness experience becomes eligible to p
promotion, she retires-presumably re- I
tires into matrimony, an- the wealth
whichl employs her it put to the loss of
training som body else to take her *
Searching as they are in all direc- L
tions for light on England's failure to P
keep the lead in the industrial proces
aaon, the London papers are making
every now and then discoveries that -
are not less surprising to outsiders 8
than painful to themselves. One of the
most curious of these revelations is
that of a London Mail investigator,
who started out to ascertain why al
most all the typewriters on sale in the
English market are of foreign make
of American make, to be explicit. The
explanation he secured was that the g
British workman simply could not con- a
struct a good typewriter. A man fa- Q
miliar with the business is quoted as
saying that some years ago an Amern -
can firm making one of the standard a
machines endeavored to introduce the
typewriter industry into England.
Premises were opened at Coventry, and
thousands of pounds were spent In en- I
deavoring to produce a satisfactory i
machine, but in spite of the fact that
the best American tools and materials
Were used it was found, after several
years' work, that It was impossible to I
produce a good machine, in addition *
to being unmatisfactory. the machines
tlhat wm made cost twenty per cent
ools thea thosem from America, em
THE BEST SONNET ON 1931,
Ih age too great for thought e sas to
I wave upon the sleepless sea of time
Ihat sinks and sleeps forever, ere the
Pas that salutes with blessing, not with
The dark year dead, the bright year born
Dies; all its dave that watched man cow
er and climb,
Frail as the foam, and as the sun sub
Sleep sound as they that slept ere these
A Napoleon of Samoan Finance.
7 EO was a short, squat Ma
lay, with a face like a
skate, barring his eyes,
which were long, narrow
slits, apparently expressing nothing
but indifference to the world in gener
al. But they would light up some
times with a merry twinkle, when the
old rogue would narrate some of his
He came to Samoa in the old days,
long before treaties and Imperi.l Com
missioners and other gilded vanities
'were dreamt of by us poor, hard work
ing traders. He seeme,! to have
dropped from the sky when one after
soon, as Tom Denison and some of his
friends sat on Charley the Russian's
veranda, he marched up to them, sat
down on the steps and said "Good
"Hello," said Schluter, the skipper of
the Anna Goddeffroy. "Who are you?
Where do you come from?"
He waved a short, stumpy and black
clay pipe to and fro, and replied vague
ly, "Oh, from somewhere."
;.ome one laughed, surmising, cor
rectly enough, that he had run away
from a ship. Then they remembered
that no vessel had even touched at
Apla for a month. Later on he told
Denison that he had jumped overboard
erom a Baker's Island guanoman as
she was running down the coast and
swam ashore, landing at a point twen
ty miles distant from Apia. The na
tives in the various villages had given
him food, so when he reached the town
he was not hungry.
"What do you want, anyway?" asked
"Some tobacco, please. And a dollar
or two. I can pay you back."
"When?" said Hamlitou, th' pilot,
The pipe described a semi-circle.
Oh, to-morrow night; before, per
They gave him som" tobacco and
matches and four Bolivian "iron" half
dollars. He got up and went across
to Volkner's combined store and grog
shanty over the way.
"He's gone to buy a bottle of square
face," said Hamilton.
"He deserves it," said Denison,
gloomily. "A man of his age who could
jump overboard and swim ashore to
this rotten country should be presented
with a case and a knife to cut his
throat with after he had finished it."
In about ten minutes the old fellow
came out of Volkner's store, carrying
two or three stout fishing lines, sev
eral packets of hooks and half a dozen
ship biscuits. He grinned as he passed
the group on the veranda, an. then,
squatting down on the sward near by,
began to uncoil the lines and bend on
the hooks Denison wa': Interested,
went over to him, and watched the
swift, skilful manner in which the
thin brown fingers worked.
"Where are you going to fish?" he
The broad, flat face Ilt up. "Outside
In the deep water-sixty, eighty,
Denison left him, and went aboard
the ancient, cockroach infested craft
of which he was the :.eartbroken su
percargo. Half an hour later 'Reo
paddled past the schooner in a wretch
ed old canoe, whose outrigger was so
Insecurely fastened that it threatened
to come adrift every instant. The old
man grinned as he recognised Denison;
then, pipe in mouth, he went boldly
out through the passage between the
lines of roaring surf into the tumbling
At 10 o'clock, Just as the supercargo
and the skipper were turning in, the
ancient slipped quietly alongside in his
canoe and clambered on deck. In his
right hand he carried a big salmon
like fish, weighing about twenty
pounds. Laying it down on the deck,
be pointed to it.
"Plenty more in canoe like that. You
want som- more?"
Denison went to the aide and looked
over. The canoe was loaded down to
the gunwhale with the weight o' fish
fsh that the lazy, loafing Apian na
tives caught but rarely. The old man
"passed up two or three more, and pad
Next morning he repaid t-e bor
rowed money and showed Denison $15
-the result of his first night's work in
Samoa. The saloonkeepers and other
white people said he was a treasure.
Pish In Apla were dear and hard to
On the following Sunday a marriage
procession entered the Rarotongan
Chapel in Matafele, and Tarreo (other
wise 'Reo) was united to one of the
prettiest and least disreputable native
girls in the town, whose parents recog
nised that 'Reo was likely to prove an
eminently lucrative and squeezable
son-in-law. Denison was best man,
and gave the bride a five-dollar gold
piece (having previously made a priv
ate arrangement with the bridegroom
that he was to receive value for it in
'Reo's wife's relatives built the new
ly married couple a house on Matautu
Point, and 'Reo spent $35 In giving the
bride's local connections a feast. Then
the news spread, and ecusins and
second cousins and various breeds of
aunts and half uncrs traveled up to
Matanta Point to partake of his hos
pitality, He did his best, but, in a day
or o, remarked sadly that he could
not catch fish fast enough in a poor
canoe, It he had a boat he could make
SW i. week, he said: and with 50 a
woek he could entertained his wito's
begmt rkMends coattinously and in a
hal.tua nWmW, The nreltiv 9a9.
Oar mother earth, whose ages none ml
Puts on no change; time bids not 'let
Or kindle. quenched or quickened, when
Sounds, and we cry across the veering
Farewell-and midnight answers us, Fare
Hail-and the heaven of morning an
-Aleernnn Charles Swinburne, in Lon
don Saturday Review.
suited, and thinking they had a good
thing subscribed, and bought a boat
(on credit from the German firm, giv
ing a mortgage on a piece of land as
security. Then they presented 'Reo
with the boat, with many complimen
tary speeches, and sat down to chuckle
at the way they would "make the old
fool work;" and the "old fool" went
straightway to the American Consul
and declared himself to be a citizen
of the United States, and demanded
his country's protection, as he feared
his wife's relatives wanted to beat him
out of the boat they had given him.
The Consul wrote out something ter
rifying on a big she: of paper and
tacked it to the boat, and warned the
surprised relatives that an American
man-of-war would protect 'Reo with
her guns, and then 'Reo went inside
his house and beat his wife with a
canoe paddle, and chased her violently
out of the place, and threatened her
ai-le relatives with a large knife and
Then he took tne boat round the oth
er side of the ilWand, and sold it for
$200 to a trader, and came back to
Apia to Denison, and asked for a pass
age to Tutulia; and the German firm
entered into and took possession of the
mortgaged land, while the infuriated
relatives tore up and down the beach,
demanding Tarreo's blood in a loud
voice. Tarreo, with his $200 in his
trousers' pocket, sat on the schooner
rail and looked at there stolidly and
without ill feeling.
Denison landed the ancient at Leone
Bay, on Tutulla, for he had taken kind
ly to the old scoundrel, who had many
virtues and could give points to any
one, white or brown, in the noble art
of deep sea fishing. This latter quall
fication endeared him greatly to young
Tom, who, when he was not employed
in keeping the captain sober, or bring
ing him round after an attack of "d.
t.'s," spent all his spare time in fishing,
either at sea or in port.
'Reo settled at Leone, and made a
good deal of money buying copra from
the natives. The natives got to like
him, he was such a cons :ientious old
fellow. When he hung the baskets of
copra on the iron hook of the steel
yard, which was marked to weigh up
to one hundred and fifty pounds, he
would call their attention to the marks
as he moved the heavy "pea" along
the yard. Then, one day, some inter
fering Tongan visitor examined the
pea, and declared that it had been tak
en from a steelyard designed to weigh
up to four hundred pounds. 'Rey was
so hurt at the insinuation that he im
mediately took the whole apparatus
out beyond the reef in his boat and in
dignantly sank it in fifty fathoms of
water. Then he c2turned to his house,
bade him wife (he had married again)
a sorrowful farewell, and said his
heart was broken by ,he slanders of a
vile Tongan pig from a mission school,
He would, he said, go back to Apia,
where he was respected by all who
knew him. Then he began to back up.
Some of the natives sided with the
Tongan, some with 'Reo, and in a few
minutes a free fight took place on the
village green, and 'Reo stood in his
doorway and watched it from his nar
row, piglike eyes; then, being of a
magnanimous nature, he walked over
and asked three stout youths who had
beaten the Tongan into a state of un
consciousness and were jumping on
his body, not to hurt him.
About midnight 'Reo's house was
seen to be in flames, and the owner,
uttering wild, weird screams of "Fla
ola!" "Fia ola!" ("Mercy!" " Mercy!")
fled down the beach to his boat, fol
lowed by his wife, a large fat woman,
named appropriately enough Taumafa
(abundance). They dashed into the
water, clambored into the boat, and be
gan pulling seaward for their lives.
The villagers, thinking they had both
gone mad, gazed at them in astonish
ment, and then went back and helped
themselves to the few goods saved
from the burning house.
As soon as 'Reo and the good wife
were out of sight of the village they
put about, ran the boat into a little bay
further down the coast, planted a bag
containing $700, with the best of the
trade goods (salved before the fire
was discovered), and then set sail for
Apia to "get justice from the Consul."
The Consul said it was a shocking
outrage; the captain of the United
States ship Adirondack concurred; and
so the cruiser, with the injured, stolid
faced 'Reo on board, steamed off to
Leone Bay and gave the astonished
natives twelve hours to make up their
minds as to which they would do-pay
'Reo $1000 in cash or have their town
bnurpd. They paid $000-all they could
raise-and then in a dazed sort of way
st, down to meditate as they saw the
AuRondack steam off again.
'Reo gave his wife a small share of
the plunder and sent her home to her
parents. When Tom Denlson next saw
him he was keeping a boarding house
at Levuka, in Fiji. He told Denison
he was welcome to free board and
lodging for a year. 'Reo had his good
points, as I have said.-Louis Becke, it
the Pall Mall Gasette.
The wise Xam.
A man can always stave off a qa.
rel with his wife by telling her some
thing nice that some man didn't au
about her.--New YorkPress.
The London Daily Mall says that the
days of the banjo are numbered ti
England and that that tiutrument will
soon be included In the same etegoorg
with tpe nests was 944 tie asse
Details of the Modes For Spring Care- t
Thin and gauzy dress goods will be t
the sine qua non of fashion for spring.
Veilings, woolen grenadines, alba
trosses and satin-faced crepes of the
lightest possible description are to be
Light greens, tans, browns, pearls a
and medium grays, old blue, old rose, a
pastel pink, helios, navies and royals
and finally much white and black the
'ewest color range.
For her very earliest change milady
will choose a gown of homespun in
twilled canvas weave, of light gray,
brown, or black and white mixture.
For more general wear light-weight
cheviots, serges and broadcloths will
Soft finished silks. oftenest of the
guaranteed qualities, still continue to
be the best dress lining; only the
swishy taffeta is passe.
The lace dresses and Swisses and
organdies for the coming summer are
particularly stylish. A favorite lining
for these is the silkoline, mercerized
silk or satin-faced fancy cottons in fig
ures or watered effects.
Large running white figures, or mod
erately shaded backgrounds, are most
sought among the quantities of print
ed foulards and satin-faced peau-de
sole to be so much worn this year. Lat
er on the medallion effects, arabesques
and Persians now so popular for garni
tures will also appear in whole gowns.
Sashes, vests, sleeves and puffings of
gold, printed panne and fancy printed
mousseline and crepe are the dernier
crl of fashion.
The latest wedding fabrics show a
decided French tendency. Large bro
cades on heavy satin grounds, to be
heavily lace trimmed, are among the
The high style in cotton goods all
incline to very old-timey effects-dot
ted Swiss, sprigged muslin, dainty
mull, lace striped effects and the old
fashioned chine printed mulls.
The highest form of tailor-made for
spring is braid and button adorned.
Gilt novelties are omnipresent.
Buckles galore, gold braid for belts
by the mile, slides and oddly-shaped
slides and buckles for the fronts, sides
and backs of girdles are on every side.
Fashion arbiters are almost unani
mous that the short sleeve de rigueur
for summer gowns means longer
gloves, silk mitts and suede, to aecom
pany this style.-Philadelphia Record.
The Care of the Hands.
Beautiful hands are always attrac
tive, and, while all nands cannot be
beautiful as to form, if the hands are
properly cared for they can be made
to look very pretty. The ideal hand is
long and delicate, the fingers are soft,
round, small and tapering, and the
nails are nicely rounded. By care and
attention every hand can be made to
resemble this ideal hand.
The aclual size of the hand, of
course, cannot be altered, but it can be
made soft and white, and the nails can
be trained so that in a short while
the hand, however large, will be pret
At night wash the hands in warm
water, using the best quality of soap,
and after thoroughly cleansing the
skin rinse them in clear water, dry
well, and be very, very sure that they
are absolutely dry. At night rub the
hands all over with cold cream or cu
cumber cream, and take an old pair of
gloves that are well stretched, cut the
tips of the fingers off and slip the
gloves on over your greasy hands. A
few nights of this treatment will do
wonders. In the morning wash your
hands in the usual way, and as you
dry them push back the skin around
the edge of each nail. Presently a lit
tle crescent will appear. To prevent
the skin growing up the nails and
again covering the crescent, rub the
skin with lemon juice; but if you re
member to.push the skin back every
time you wash your hands, this will
Let the length and shape of the nails
follow the formation of each finger.
Once a week the nails should be mani
cured as follows: Soak the finger tips
for about five minutes in hot, soapy
water, wipe them dry; then with a
little cuticle knife push the skin back
from the nails, and with a curved scl
sors remove any "proud" flesh. Then
shape the nails; this is best done with
a file, especially if the nails havi a ten
dency to break. The final touch to the
nabs is given with polishing powder
and chamois.-Edna Burd, in Ameri
Successful as a Eaterer,
A Chicago woman has adopted a nov
el form of catering as a business. Her
specialty lies in using what the hostess
has at hand. which gives an air of in
dividuality that no hired service of
china and plate can secure. The cut
glass, silver and artistic odds and ends
of china are placed to the best advan
$tge, original modes of decoration are
devised and a dainty menu arranged.
She neter encourages more than eight
courses, and the hostesses who have
profited by her services say that her
dinners are invariably successful.
In addition to the dining room this
energetic young woman looks after the
reception and dressing rooms. In the
former she rearranges the bric-a-brac
and furniture, having superfluous
chairs removed or others added when
needed, In the latter she sees that
pins and hairpins are pleaotiful in their
hespel trays, that neadleg and
thrs4 are at hand in ease of aseotle
la seve buttes or 3pop 4ir1Mu an4
that a powder box in Invitingly Oada
A pretty florl garniture of extreme
ly small blossoms'decorates the front
panel of a dinner dress of emerald
panne in a novel manner. The flowers
used are violets, purple and white, b
made cleverly in a graduated band inb
silk and velvet. The effect is a chain
woven like the daisy chains which 31
English and American children weave t
in June. The vipleti chain starts from a
the corsage; it Is passed around the E
neck, and is attached as a border to tl
the low-cut, squared decolletage. It cl
makes a loop around the corsage bow
on the left of the bodice, and then con
tinuing downward follows the "left of
front" to the head of the skirt flounc
ing, where it finishes with another loop 7
and with ends under the bow placed s
at that point to match the corsage bow ,
of ribbon. b
Trifles That TelL 5
It is in small things that a dainty a
woman is always conspicuous; the lit
tie things that appear unimportant to
the careless woman, the well-dressed
and dainty woman regards as vital. r
A soiled collar-ever as slightly soiled q
-a crushed ribbon, an absent hook or 1,
button, or a conspicuous pin has been 9
known to spoil the entire effect of an a
otherwise perfect toilet.
Another unforgivable offense in the b
ethics of the fastidious woman is the t
wearing of cheap finery or imitation !
jewelry or an abundance of the latter
at inopportune times. t
Shoes are another important detail; I
and handkerchiefs, stockings and the I
many etceteras that go to make up a t
dainty appearance must each and all
receive attention.-American Queen.
Bonnets For Children.
All young children wear the pictur- t
esque bonnets; the pokes and the round I
shapes made of shirred silk, velvet, or :
cloth. The latter are almost too heavy I
even in the light-weight cloths to be
generally recommended. These bon
nets are good things for winter wear.
as the head fits close into the crown, t
and there is consequently sufficient
warmth at the back of the head, while
the flaring brim Is very pretty, and
shows off the delicate features in a
charmingly picturesque fashion. Bows
of taffeta and satin ribbon or the clus
ters of ostrich tips the same shade as
the bonnet, and the little wreath of
roses inside, or a few small roses put
in through the ruche that surrounds
the face are the favorite trimmings.
Trilby in Real Life.
Svengali in real life is undertaking
to teach a girl, by means of hypnotic
influence, to become an expert violin
ist. Like Trilby, the girl has no natur
al aptitude for such a task, and had
practically given up her ambitions te
be a violinist when the hypnotist took
her in hand. The subject had taken
violin lessons for months, and was un
able to make the violin do more than
squeak out a few simple airs. When
the hypnotist put the girl under "in
fluence" her fingers, says Science Sift
Ings, became supple, her touch was
accurate, and she handled the bow sur
prisingly well. Unlike Trilby, she
showed the same skill when she passed
from under the influence of the hyp
A Woman's Executive Ability.
It is claimed that the largest banquet
on record was that given to the
Mayors of France In the Garden of thet
Tuileries during the recent Exposition.
This banquet was entirely managed by
a woman twenty-six years old, Mlle.
Potel. The number of guec's was
23,466, and the total number of em
ployes was 24,080. This included
wagon drivers, detectives, caretakers
of silver, ice cream men, dish washers,
waiters and cooks. On the day of
the banquet Mlle. Potel was on the
ground in a magnificent costume, sur
rounded by a small army of subordin
ates and boys on bicycles, to carry her
Illinois Woman's Clever Idea.
An Illinois i'oman last year earned
$700 without leaving her own home.
She proposed to her grocer that he I
allow her to take all the vegetables
and fruits that were not fresh enough 4
to sell and she would preserve and
pickle them on shares, and he could 1
sell the stock in his shop. Her share
oi the first year's profit has been $700, I
and the grocer admits it has brought
him additional trade.
The waist rs to continue its upward
curve in the back.
China blue is as lovely in cloth as in
the sheer, summery fabrica.
As summer approaches the red dres
will not be in such high feather.
Flounces will not down-not below
the lower halt if the skirt, at any rate.
Two shades of bdige, especially if the
darker one be of panne, are exquisite.
Long black gloves make many an
otherwise unnoticeable toilette very
A fold of brilliant velvet usually fin
ishes the stock, be it of lace or other
Two rows of buttons, five Jin each,
at the top of the pleats in the back of
a skirt give a postillion effect.
Princess frocks in the sheer fabries
will be full of tucks and lace, and
topped by the ubiquitous bolero.
Princess dresses for house wear are
tremendously languishing affairs whea
the top part is in the shape of a droop
ing yoke of lace and tucking.
Summer waist plainness will be re
lieved by the T. The T is the stripe
down the front, supplemented by strips
that extend out over the shoulders to
the sleeve tops.
Heavy black stitching and any
amount of It, makes the white taiffeta
tailor-made a stunning creation. Add
to this a touch of cream lace and a bit
of embroi'ery or velvet it jour own
color, ana there you are.
Undersatrves are not necearlly
bags. Women with futall. beautitul arms
often have thes trasparent accs
se ries skain tighbt. A few buekles may
be worked in an tsteok, the bsat anad
E1IiiiB0 ThL *
Winter Care of the Stallion. al
Feed a moderate amount of grain, vt
but do not allow the animal to get too ht
fleshy. Give him daily exercise and as es
spring approaches gradually increase gi
the ration of oats. Give a fair allow- in
ance of bran, cut hay and sheaf oats.
During the summer season, give all
the grain and hay that wnl be eaten up
A Way to Conserve Moisture.
Any method of conserving moisture tl
will prove of assistance later in the a]
year. The amount of moisture ab- le
sorbed by the various plants is enor
mous. It Is estimated that one acre of si
barley will absorb 500 tons of water a
day, a fact which has been demon
strated by experiment, but which will
sot be accepted by many.
Good Breeding Depends on Care. p
In order to be successful in breeding g
stock one of the most important re
quirements is care. Without care, and
lots of it, good blood or good feeding
will. soon lose nearly all of their value, E
and the stock will gradually but sure- B
ly decline. The value of care is shown
by the breeder who makes it - point
to see that not even one of his animals
lacks the proper food, or water, or t
ihelter, or good blood. Such a breed
at is the one whose animals increase 0
In value with each new generation. a
What better proof could be wanted b
that the stock pay well for any care or
attention bestowed upon them?
The Poultry House.
While we want a poultry house so h
wrell built that water will not freeze it
in it by day or night, we do not be. n
lieve in having it heated artificially. "
If it is kept too warm the fowl will
not endure the cold when it is out of
doors. We have known some to suc
ceed with hens, keeping them confined e
to the house all winter, but it requires
much care to keep the house clean, and
we think that an outing every day
when it Is not'actually freezing, keeps
them in better health, and they lay
quite as well, for we seldom failed to
have about half the flock laying dur.
ing the greater part of the winter.
Keep the Pastures Well Stocked.
If you are fortunate enough to have
good pasturage land you can put al
most any kind of stock on it and they
will pay a profit; but if there is some
pasturage land on the farm that is
poor, or even bad, which If oftentimes a
the case where the country is rocky
and hilly, what is the matter with
stocking it with sheep? d
In such pasturages as these the sheep d
are very near to their natural state,
and so there is no reason why they
should not do well on such land. And,
in fact, experience has taught us that
It is an unfortunate thing there are
so many of these unused pasturages in
this country that are lying idle, and
yet, with the aid of sheep, they could c
be made a very profitable adjunct to a
any farm.-New York Weekly Witness.
Loading Hogs in the Lot.
Loading bogs is usually a disagreea
ble task. This job is greatly simpli
fled where an elevated pen with a
foor on a level with the wagon bed is
available, but there are few farmers
whose feed lots are thus arranged. The
)nly way to load the porkers is with an
improvised chute, which is always
more or less of a nuisance.
A substantial chute with an inclined
floor-the longer the floor the better, as
A CHUTE FOR LOADING 8HOS.
the ascent will be less steep-is made
of 4-in h fencing spiked to a frame
of 214 inches, with ost of 4x4 inch
stuff. To add to the solidity, of the af
fair, the 2x4 and 4x4 should be bolted
togethet. The floor can be made of
plank or rough lumber of any kind. It
Is necessary to nail cleats upon the 1
floor to prevent the hogs from slipping.
One end of the chute rests on the
ground, while the other is on a level
with the wagon bed floor. This chute
should be made of as light material
as stability will allow, for it is often
convenient to change its location. The
rest of the arrangepnent is two sec
tions of slat fencing, to be used as
wings. On end of each section is
fastened to a side of the chute and un
iolled. When set up the two wings
will make a large V, of which the
point is the chute. The hogs can be
easily driven inside the V; then the
tro ends of the slatting can be
brought together. The hogs will thus
be confined in a small pen to be loaded.
-J. L. Irwin, in American Agricultur
Home Miling of Fertilisers.
I have no doubt that there Is a good
field for intelligent farmers to make a
good profit in mixing fertilizers at
home. but there are certain things
that should be borne in mind. First,
the raw materials which the farmer
purchases are just as liable to be of
poor quality as are the mixed goods
whleb he buys. No farmer can distin
guish the difference between an acid
phosphate containing eight per cent,.
and one containing sixteen per cent.
available phosphoric acid. He could
not distinguish between the sample of
genuine muriate of potash and one
which is adulterated with seventy-five
;per cent. of common salt. He could
inot tell a sample of tankage contain
ing ten per cent. ammonia from one
containing Eve per cent., and so on
Swith the other Ingredients.
SOne sample of tankage which we
I examined was sold under a claim of
I twenty-five per cent phosphoric acid
I and seven per cent. ammonia, which
actually contained seven and a quar
r ter per cent. phosphorle cid and 'msix
s per cent. tmmonia. It will therefore
be seen that while home mlrigis will
_ enable the lntelligent farmer to mi
I materials In such propoetons a a1 e d.
u a e, must stal dupeam apes s
safeguards provided by the State, if
he is to obtain materials of good qual
ity. Some of the materials which have
been offesed for sale for the phrpose
of home mixing have been offered at
prices ery much above the market. pi
anu the producer of them obtained a
very much greater profit on them than
he would if he made mixed goods and V
sold the mixed goods at the usual mar
gin of profit.-Profcssor H. A. Iluston,
in Orange Judd Farmer. D
The Spring's Chickens.
I do not approve the old fashioned
way of letting all the poultry run to
gether, as the small and weak ones
do not have a chance to their feed at
feeding time. As they grow older
the young cockerels become a nuisance
and should be sorted out from the pul
lets, in bunches of fifty or more. Coops
made of old lumber, covering the roofs,
sides and back with tarred felt, make
good houses. They need no floor and
if made with light lumber can easily
be moved and cleaned.
Wheat is the best food for growing
pullets. If the range is large and
good the morning meal can be dis
pensed with after the chicks are three
months old. But give them all they
will eat at night. A chicken to grow
rapidly should be only in medium flesh.
Do not let them get too poor or too fat.
Keep the roost clean and sweet and the
chicks free from lice. Build bones
and muscle first, and then when they i
are brought to winter quarters, in Oc- b
tober, the feeding for eggs will be in
order. A good mash is made of bran,
middlings and ground corn. With this So
mix a quart of cut clover or cut clover
hay, and a pint of ground meat. Use d8
ground bone every other day. Cooked I
vegetables can be added to this mash
several times a week. Scald it with
hot milk, or water and feed it morn
ing and noon. Feed whole wheat at
night. It should be fed In troughs
which should be washed every day.
Feed only what they Till eat up clean.
Do not forget the necessary exercise.
To keep them healthty give proper
exercise and lots of it. Bury millet
seed in litter and let them work for it.
Give fresh, clean water every day, and
keep the drinking vessel in a cool,
shady place.-Otto Irwin, In the
A Fruit Storage House.
The Vermont Station gives a de
scription, with illustration, of a frame
storage house in which low tempera
ture and ventilation are provided by
throwing open doors and windows dur
ing cool spells in the fall and keeping
them closed at other times. The house
is thirty by fifty feet and has two
stories and basement. The basement
and first floor are used for storing
fruit and hold 1000 barrels each. The
second floor is for empty barrels, etc.
The building has double walls and
double windows. An oil stove gives
heat enough to keep the fruit from
freezing in winter. The lumber used
in the construction of this house was
Three thousand five hundred feet
wall boarding, 3000 feet roof boardng,
3500 feet ceiling (inside), 7200 feet
floor boards (double floors) 4000 feet
clap boards, twenty-five bundles lath,
and twenty-two and a half squares
Outside Finish-Two hundred feet
(linear measure) 5-inch crown mold,
APPLE STOBAGE HOU3o.
190 feet (linear measure) 8-Inch bed
mold, 300 feet (linear measure) % by
10 mold for frelze and facla, 200 teet
(linear measure) % ,by 7 base and
water tables, 200 feet (linear measure)
% by 12 planers.
Corner boards, four pieces, % by 5,
15 feet; four pieces % by 6, 15 feet.
Sills, eight pieces, 2 by 8, 15 feet; 10
pieces, 2 by 8, 13 feet.
Floor joists, 50 pieces, 2 by 9, 15%/
feet; 26 pieces, 2 by 9, 30 feet.
Collar ties to rafters, 26 pieces, 10 by
9, 19 feet.
Wall studs, 100 pieces, 3 by 4, 14 1
feet; 20 pieces, 3 by 4, 12 feet.
Rafters, 56 pieces, 2 by 8, 21 feet.
Braces, 26 pieces, 2 by 6, 0 feet; 20
pieces, 1 by 0, 8 feet.
Ribbons. 16 pieces, 1 by 4, 18 feet. I
Ridge poles, four pieces, 2 by 12, 13 I
This bill is estimated at $443.09, and
the house cost $1500 finished. The la
bor of building was performed by the
owner at spare times.
Such storage bluildings as the one
just described, which depends on the j
husbanding and utilization of low tem
perature during cold waves in early
spring and fall, would not, of course, |
fulfill their purpose during the hot
summer months. They are obviously
best adapted to a cold climate, such as
is found in the Northern States. Here
they can, in the opinion of the New I
Hamlihire Station, be made more use
ful in our present transitional period
of storage construction than any other.
Their defect is that they do not main
taln a sufmclently low and even tem
perature, and they would be of little
d teoase sctior Os Ased fOUalS
I use In a warm climate. It is, however
r- but a step from such a fruit house to
I ice storage. Aside from the details of
e oastruction, the only difference Is that
I the upper story Is used toe storing le
| thus eooUlng the air in the top ,t the
,s. Ie r)qa keow
State Govcrint of L0iiiai1
Governor-W. W. Heard,
Secretary of State-John Michel.
Superintendent of Edncation-John
Auditor-W. 8. Frazee.
Treasurer-Ledonx E. Smith.
U. 8. SENATORB.
Don Caferey and 8: D. McEnery.
1 District-K-. C. Davoy.
2 Distriet-Ado'ph Meyer.
8 District-R-. . B.roussard.
4 District--P. BIrazeale.
5 Dietrit---. E. l:andell.
4i District-S. M. ]LRobinson.
as American and Waropeat
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