Newspaper Page Text
THE BANNER=DEMOCR AT.
VOL. XIV. LAKE PROVIDENCE. EAST CARROLL PARISH. LA., SATURDAY. SEPTEMBER 21, .1901. NO. 2
/ood fortut in -
Want~ to mI noor;
lowa kow tiu woes.
Who came so poorty drest?
With fear I let her n,
Who would not be denied;
No greeting did dlh win
No welcome to my side4
This uninvited guest,
Who stole away, my rest.
'Ir ýG týCkCJCGDC- '
AN EMANUEL JALISCO, el
capitan, was the natural son of
a Spanish grandee. Say what
you will of the modern Mexi
can, he loves class and would rather
die in the service of a noble master
than live in bondage to a rich peon.
Jallsco's troop of rurales boasted its
bacheloiºbood. There was not a mar
ried man in it. Its men were the best
fighters, its horses the swiftest, its
rifles the inost deadly in all that in
comparable cavalry which is the
scourge of the rebel and the pride of
the loyal men of Mexico.
In Jalisco's troop marriage meant
expulsion or exchange. To have ties
that fettered the heart to life was re
garded as disability. Debarred from
these weaknesses of the average sol
dier, Jalisco's rurales regarded fight
ing as a pastime and bdeath a mere in
When Malajan and his twenty
Apaches were driven from the States
across the Rio Grande Jalisco's rurales
rode into the free zone to make war
upon the outlaws. Malajan was a
half breed, his Aztec ingenuity min
gling with his cruel audacity of his
Apache blood. He preyed upon In
dian, Greaser and Gringo with iipar
tial ferocity, and even when his score
of maurauders was scattered or dead
Malajan, like a lone, starved wolf,
prowled upon the hills and slunk along
the canyon walls that lie like titanic
breastworks and trenches between
Sonora and Chihuahua. Clad in the
dun and yellow leather of a vaquero,
with a red handkerchief about his bull
neck, the rurales had often seen him
from afar--a brown shadow skulking
among theobrown rocks, his rifle ready,
his red neckband blazing like a red
eye of defiance.
,'ý;fc ý 'ý ýr,.J ý +.ý " "vm
\.ý ý.ýfr "y~.ý 1ýý,ý 4 "" 4 ý,ea !
Jalisco offered new saddles, gilded
spurs and ponies to the rurales who
should bring to camp the head of
Malajan. For a year they stalked
him, and his deeds of blood and re
pine made naughty children tremble
in every pueblo from Monterey to the
Near Tolacan, Jalisco's headquar
ters, lived Anastasia, a comely seno
rlta, whose blind father herded goats
upon the mesa. She had a well at
which rurales loved to drink, and in
the shadow of her blue adobe there
were stone benches and a patch of
aN DID OT arti
cool grass where a little red-haired
muchacho daily frolicked in yellow
nakedness. Thither after futile for
ays Jalisco's horsemen liked to ride,
,wondering at the red-haired baby of
Anastasia, munching her tortilla and
gulping the blue-white milk of her
goats. A red-headed Mexican is a
marvel even in the free sone.
Senor Patriclo Dowd rode with the
troop of Jallaco. His face was as red
as his hair, and the freckles on his
nose and neck were the hall marks of
the northern native. So the troopers
lncknamed Anatasla's baby "Patrio
lo," and make jokes at the red ru
rule over their cigarettes and mescal.
The big Irishman grinned and wagged
his head, aware that he was a good
Jallsean, and pleated a quirt, sitting
cross-legged by the camp fire.
At sun-up one morning Dowd and
six companlons hailed at Anatasia's
but. The door was opes. The gras
was trampled as by horses' feet. On
the door of her room they found her
tait, a bilssy rosary twined among
6e beewts ues m a tuft t
. W. OLsArs
But in the morning light,
Antther face was there:
I saw a visage bright,
A beauty strange and rare.
My dear, deceitful guest
Had put my faith to test.
Now Joy and I are friends,
Who thought to be estranjd;
Now Fate hath made amends,
And all the world is changed,
For since I knew my guest,
I find her gifts the best.
-New York Independent.
straight black hair In her outstretched
hand. In the shadow of the well the
old man lay, with his face against a
rock and a flock of scared goats hover
ing about him. The red-haired child
"Malajani" said Dowd, peering un
der the bed and stirring the white cur
talns as he looked for the boy.
They loaded their rifles and found in
the tawny sand the trail of a single
horse. It led toward the foot hills,
and as they galloped with eyes on the
ground the men were sorry for the red
rurale. He rode like a fury with his
blue eyes glued to the trail and his
Spanish spurs goading his horse into a
There was no keeping pace with
him. The cloud of yellow that rose
from the hill road where his course
lay swam around In the hot breeze
and faded against the purple hills.
The tattoo of hoof-beats, like a muf
fled drum or a rattle of guns, as they
smote low or loud on the shoal or the
rocks, faded at last, and Dowd was all
alone, galloping. Ten miles from Tol
acan he found a riderless horse, foam.
ing and breathless. Then he stopped.
"Ping! ing-ng-g," said the rifle of
Dowd slipped down in the dust and
crawled into the shadow of a great
rock. He heard the two horses scam
pering away into the canyon. A thou
sand feet above him an eagle sailed
and screamed. The pulsing summer
air was so still and clear that be could
hear his own heart beat. Except the
eagle no sign of life appeared. Upon
the slanting hillsides small dabs of
dusty green quivered in the heat
against the dun sands. He crawled
upon the rock and measf ed each
clump of scrub oak and sae .till his
eyes swam in the glare. He sat like a
graven image for minutes and the
whole world seemed dead and ghostly
in the sun. Then a stone, set loose
above, rolled softly down upon his
left, a little cataract of loosened shale
and sand dripping into the gulch be
side him. His eye followed the course
of this small disturbance. Up the
bare ascent he glanced without mov
ing till his eye rested upon a tuft of
stunted brush a hundred yards aloft.
He did not stir till he saw, like a
blotch of blood upon the leaves, a mo
tionless red spot. Then he slipped
down off the rock and as his Winches
ter crept over the verge, pointed at
the blotch of red, he whispered:
"Praise God! It's Malajan's red
Just as his bony finger found the
trigger there was a quaking in the
Apache's hiding place, and then little
Patricio, his yellow skin not more yel
low than the sand, crawled out of the
'"The coward!" growled Dowd, as
he realized that his enemy was hiding
behind the boy.
The Irishman rose up and shouted:
"Patricio! Patricio! Mlo Muchacho!"
The boy started up and tried to run,
but the hill was steep and down he
rolled like a loosened bowlder into the
arms of his father. Dowd laid him in
the sand of the hollow road, and with
laughter in his blue eyes found his red
It was midnight when Dowd rode
into Tolacan. Up through the white
street the rurales heard him galloping.
The moon was high, and as they
watched they saw his trail of dust
rising like a cloud behind him. From
the bow of his saddle his lariat
stretched out behind him and at its
end, tied by the feet, the hulk of Mala
Jan came dragging and swaying over
rocks and sands till the horseman drew
up before Jalisco's adobe. Dowd had
the baby in his arms-the red-haired
son of Anastasia, and the troop made
merry like boys over a new-found toy.
Senor Patriclo Dowd got his prizes
of saddles, spurs and ponies and Cap
tain Jalisco himself asked his freckled
trooper no further questions. They
burled Anastasia and her father on
the hill beyond her adobe, and when
the rurales of Jalisco rode back to bar.
racks at San Luis, by turns they cod.
dled and carried the red-headed man
The discovery in New York City ol
a man named Sausage leads dosens of
r.ragraphlc celebrities to rise as one
man and assert that he may be the
missing llnk so long sought fer bt
WOMEN STUDENTS WHO WORK.
tow Poor Undergradautes L msage to
Make Ends Meet.
1Miss Alice Fallows is the author of
an article in the Century which is en
I:tled "Working One's Way Through
Won-n's Colleges," with pictures by
"Just within the entrance of the
,ymnasium at Smith College is a small
square room which looks like a booth
it a church fair. The bulletin boards
nm its walls are covered with blue
prints, copies of Gibson pictures,
painted frames, college flags, bright
-olored class banners, pincushions,
pillow-covers and a score of other
lancy articles which seem the pastime
tf an idle hour. In reality, each one
represents the serious investment of a
girl who is working her way. The
smith College calendar hanging in a
!orner took one girl half through the
term. The picture frame opposite paid
the incidental expenses of another for
a year, while the jolly pair of football
players, constructed out of tissue
paper and pecans, sitting on the win
Sow sill made the temporary fortune
)f their inventor. A day after she
had slipped in and put them there they
became the college fad, and for weeks
she could not turn them out fast
enough to fill her orders. Then sud
lenly their popularity waned; no one
wanted them, and now, faded and cov
ared with dust, the two favorites of a
past hour sit neglected In their cor
ner, a pathetic warning of the incon
stancy of college demand.
"Like Smith students college girls
everywhere try these picturesque
methods of making money. The
pretty trifles which they sell might
seem to a poet the spontaneous expres
sion of the feminine instinct for grace
and beauty, but they illustrate rather
a poverty of financial opportunities.
A college man in his effort to support
himself is limited only by his capacity.
He cat break stones in the road or
publish a paper, as his talent provides.
He is free to enter any trade or busi
ness in the town, or invent a new one
if he pleases. He may wander where
he will along economic highways and
byways. No one thinks of putting an
obstacle in his way.
"But when a girl, out of the fulness
of her desire, determines to work her
way through college, she must first
rid herself of the notion that she can
copy her college brother. Otherwise
she will meet with disappointment,
for long ago Mrs. Grundy set a dis
tinction between labor fitting for men
and for women, and our colleges for
girls still respect it. During under
graduate days, at least, they believe
in an emphasis of the woman woman
ly. The self-supporting girl, therefore,
finds before many an industry open to
her college brother a sign on which
custom or the college president has
written the uncompromising words,
'No Admittance.' She can neither
weed lawns nor dig gardens, clean fur
naces nor shovel snow. The girl who
should turn grocery clerk or who be
came a component part of a baker's
or butcher's or hotel-keeper's staff In
her college town would be a focus for
the puzzled attention of the whole
faculty, while a student dairymaid,
fruiterer or butter merchant within
the confines of the colleges would
raise a storm of protest from Maine
to California. Yet college men in sim
liar positions meet only praise and
"Doubtless some of the occupations
in the diminished list for girls de
clared official by college censors will
seem trivial enough to the masculine
student-merchant who sells milk by
the thousand quarts and butter by
countless pounds. Nevertheless, the
college girl invests as much energy
and strength and originality in her
tasks as the college man in his. If
she earns as much money as he, her
effort must be almost doubled. Few
girls, under the circumstances, have
the physical exuberance necessary to
meet the strain of self-support. They
must stop short at self-help. But the
attitude of a woman's college is
strongly paternal. Though restric
tions are laid on the student who
works her way, scholarships and
loans, as far as they go, are the com
pensations, and, when these are ex
hausted, a protective care and watch
fulness which seldom fall to the lot
of the college man."
Wor Mster o rMs Baby.
Exquisite hand work marks the
latest dainty little frocks for bables,
whether it so-called "long" or "short"'
An embroidered flounce is no longer
considered en regle to finish the bot
toms of bables' or little girls' dresses.
Rows of tucks, a deep hem or some
hemstltching is considered much bet
Square or round yokes made of alter
nate rows of very thin lace and tiny
tucks is the preferred fashion of mak
ing midsommer guimpes.
Fashion decrees that af very small
children should be dressed in white,
and it is much more appropriate, too.
So many inexpensive white stuffs are
to be had now that variety is easily
obtainable at little cost.
Only the finest quality of lace or
embroidery is permissible for these
tiny autocrats. It is considered smart
er to have no trimming at all than to
have coarse, heavy work.
Fy "creepers" a brown holland
areaping frock, to slip on over the
white one, is a new and useful notion.
RuB9es put on in bertha style is the
correct finish for the neck of the gown
where it encircles the guimpe
Smal babies in long clothes do not
wear ribbon sashes, but have them of
fae nainsook or lawn, starting from
the rows of shirring directly in the
froneat and tying In a large. soft bow
In the back.
er tSy kaMs lbe coats or cdes
ra rs Wde aet these in short bnths
wear a coat of the same length "r a
short pique reefer.
Embroidered pique, colored benga
line silk with lace collars or a softer
silk in white make the smartest juven
ile summer coats.-Philadelphia Rec
That Alabaster Neck.
"It Is no use tryink for an alabaster
neck, girls," said the handsome wom
an, "if you were not born with it.
You may make it a bit plumper with
hot baths and olive oil, by exercise
and filling out the chest by proper
breathing; you may make it whiter
with cucumber milk, but recognize
your limitations and be content when
you have done the best that you may.
I saw a grizzly old carpenter at his
work the other day, and he had the
nearest approach to that alabaster
neck we read about of any one I have
ever seen. It was plainly visible with
his old shirt turned away in front.
Contrasting strikingly with the darker
skin of his throat above was a neck as
white as milk, without a hollow, wits
out a bone, without a line. It is no
use; a beauty, like a genius, is born,
not made. We must freshen up our
brown necks as best we can, and in
the meantime give thanks that we are
not grizzled carpenters even with ala
baster necks thrown in."-New York
Latest Styles in Underwear.
As regards lingerie, the empire pat
tern in every possible form is beloved
at the moment. Pretty chemises and
night gowns are made in this wise,
the best perhaps having little medal
lions of old lace or fine hand-made
embroidery tied with fancy ribbons in
shades of blue, pink and mauve.
Pretty, too, are pink chemises with
the tops made entirely of lace.
Then there are empire night gowns
in silk gauze, batiste or French lawn
in white and pale colors, with large
falling collars of tuckiand lace.
The peignoir of white muslin, cream
silk or cashmere is at its best, too, cut
after the empire style. Pretty, also,
are those arranged with rows of tuck
ings or gaugings round the waist,
finished with a large pink bow, the
ends of which reach to the ground.
The short stitched tucks which dis
pose so tastefully of the fulness at the
back of the waist, consisting of some
s;x in all, can, if preferred, be termin
ated at graduated intervals, although
in a wash skirt it is not wise to run
deeper down than seven or eight
inches, as after washing there is apt
to occur an unpleasing, strained look.
Indeed, the chief aim in working out
both these skirts to a logical conclu
sion has been to make them of a thor
oughly practical order in view of their
being materialized in washing Puffs
of light ephemeral coloring, and at a
rough calculation a fair allowance for
either would be four and a half yards
of double width or eight of wide sin
gle, that computation accounting with
care for everything, such as facings
and the like.
Hairdressing and Hats.
Now that "foreheads are in," to
quote the famous phrase of the hair
dresser, the forward tilt of the hat is
imperative. Placed straight or on the
back of the head, it gives a bare, bleak
aspect to the brow which is by no
means becoming. Of course, all fash
ionable women have discarded a
fringe, except such slight tendrils of
hair as serve to soften the outline of
the temples. The fringe, indeed,
which had become common to all
ranks, and which was often to be
seen touzzled, ill-combed and worse
brushed, an unbecoming mat, indeed,
had sunk very low and was doomed
to extinction, but it must be remem
bered that a different style of hair
dressing demands a different shape
and poise of hat.
The prettiest sleeve links are in the
form of a lozenge.
A pretty gown is one of linen with
dots of black, trimmed with black
Persian ends to sashes of heavy
white silk and broad satin edges are
to be seen.
Welted seams are somewhat newer
than the strapped seams, and they are
much more easily laundered.
In a charming little gown of aecor
dion pleated crepe the pleating falls
from a deep yoke of soft puffs, and is
cut low at the throaLt.
White voile, with hemstitched edge
of colored batiste and embroidery
above, in the design of violets or rose
buds, is one of the newest materials.
Pretty stocks on shirt waists have a
pointed effect. The hollow under the
chin is pointed and the lower part of
the stock where it Joins the waist is
also pointed. The result is pleasing.
Tallor-made skirts come in light
gray mixed woolen goods and some
with an invisible stripe which is fre
quently of blue. They are light weight
and comfortable skirts for wear when
woolen skirts are needed.
Platinum or gold palllettes or a com
bination of both on black net are the
latest development in this form of
trimming. A bolero of the black net
with the palllettes worked on in feath
er pattern is decidedly fetching.
Baby is wearing open-work stock
Ings with the rest of the world. These
are on the order of men's socks made
in combinations of white and delicate
colors, and the whole instep is of the
openwork. In some of the little stock
ings it has the effect of being cro-m
Some of the new chambrays are
charming. One of pastel blue it
trimmed with insertions of Valen.
ciennes lace, and is made with a be
lero, worn over a chemisette of white
batiste, finished with a pointed belt of
black velvet, studded with steel "nail
Fancy flowered taffetas are made
with a shirred waist line pointing at
at the centre of the back and front,
and curving down and under the arm.
These are quaint little old-fashioned
lookling gowns, with a dnish of lace at
the throat and pated alevs emel
t the delbw
twghaum for Cattle.
sorghum grows rapidly and will
stand considerable drought. If sown
in rows. so as to have the stalks come
up about an inch apart in the rows,
it will make tender stalks and will
be eaten readily by cattle. As it may
be cut at any time before the seed
stage is reached it will be found an
excellent addition to the green food
if the pasture is thin.
Experimenis With Peens.
Experiments demonstrate that di
ferent varieties of beans, it grown
near each other, will mix through the
distribution of pollen, if the varieties
are in bloom at the same time. The
different varieties of cabbage will also
mix. Tomatoes and peas, however.
do not seem to mix, but melons of all
kinds will mix and destroy the origi
nal varieties, so far as characteristics
The Pea Weevil.
The pea weevil has been a pest for
years, and it is difficult to secure seed
perfectly free from the pests. An ex
cellent plan is to pour the seed into a
vessel containing brine. The infested
peas, being lighter than the others,
will float, when they may be skimmed
off and consigned to the flames or
fed to poultry. The sound seed should
then be rinsed with clear water to
remove the salt, spreading on mats
or boards to dry.
Invigorating Weak Pleats.
For plants that have turned some
what yellow use a teaspoonful of ni
trate of soda in a quart of water. All
plants respond quickly to fertilizer,
provided the plant food is given in
solution and is not too strong. Treat
T Ing plants in the field cannot be done
in such manner, but there are many
house plants that die because of lack
of some element in the soil which
should be supplied. If the proper kind
of fertilizer to use is not known then
some brand of complete fertilizer con
taining a high percentage of nitrogen
should be preferred. Nitrogen in the
form of nitrate of soda will give a
green color to leaves when all other
plant foods fail, and as nitrate of soda
k will dissolve in water it may be used
in the water given the plants, not
t exceeding a teaspoonful of nitrate to
t one quart of water.
Cuttlng Up Cabbage for Poultry.
When one has plenty of cabbage on
hand it does not pay to cut or chop
them. Given to them whole. care
only being taken to strip off decayed
portion if any, and to peel off any dry,
r tough outside layer of leaves that
Sare oftentimes found on heads that
have been kept in a dry cellar, the
fowls will eagerly help themselves.
s If, however, the supply is limited,
and it is an object to make the most
of what I have at hand. I practice
chopping the cabbage fine in a meat
> chopper. For this purpose (and I
should include also beets and meat).
s I use one of those where a double set
e of cog wheels gives a very rapid chop
c ping movement to a knife that works
D perpendicularly. By using the little
machine (the knife in mine is about
t 10 inches long) I am able to utilize
t the stump as well as the heads, which
f are too hard for the fowls to reduce
by their bills.-J. J. H. Gregory, in
I Boston Cultivator.
SEffeet of Brdere on Fralt Bleseelos.
In a recent bulletin from the New
I York experiment station it is shown
that where apple blossomns in the
earlier part of the blossoming sea
B son were hit by a spray of bordeaux
mixture combined with an arsenical
compound, they generally failed to set
fruit. Blossoms which had been open
several days before they were hit by
the spray seemed to have reached a
stage where this treatment did not
check the setting of fruit Apparent
ly conflicting results are reconciled by
a clear understanding of this point.
There is a great difference between
young blossoms and old blossoms in
Stheir susceptibility to injury by spray
By spraying repeatedly during the
T blooming season, thus hitting the new
" blossoms as they opened front day to
day, the blossoms were nearly all de
r stroyed, and as a consequence scarce
e ly any fruit set A number of
sprayed blossoms were observed
, which had some of the spray mixture
* on the stigmatic surface. None of
a the set ftrait. The spraying mix
tures and even the lime alone pre
e vented the growth of pollen in weak
aqueous solutions of sugar.
por Permaseot auseess with Cattle.
To succeed in any industry It is
quite necessary that there should be
a steady, continuous progress, and the
cattle breeder dreads booms because
they are not the legitimate outcome
of normal conditions. 'It is only the
Spoor breeder, the man who does not
e know how to make a living out of
hard and intelligent work. who looks
forward to the booms, trusting that
Sthrough the artificial stimulation of
the market he will in some way get
more money than his work is legiti
e mately entitled to.
i Permanent success in cattJe raising,
it as in most other farm departments, is
-the reward of careful, consistent and
persistent work. pushed along steadily
. with an intelligence.that grasps every
e important factor of a situation and
e never permits a leak to go long with
e out investigation. The farmer who
e studies the cattle industry in this way
will make a living; nay, more than a
p. living There are too many instances
of permanent successes to doubt this.
But such men do not make their
Smoney from the booms. On the con
Strary they prepare for the hard times
Sduring the booms, disposing of their
Sstock at the proper time, and very
Soften buying more breeding stock
when prices are depressed and others
are anaxionus to sel to get rid of win.
tering the animals. A long continued
Sdepression in cattle raisaing is just uas
Ssure to be tollowed by a return of
g ood demasd ead rie as the rec
tion from the boom Is bond to come.
Oe must study the two th propt
* saeaIamsad met be 'amssswrau
by the one nor too highly elated bi
the other. In time the rewards wit
come through the proper and legiM
mate channels. Permanent success
is consequently within the reach ol
the steady, persistent, progressive
breeder, and not the outcome a:
booms to be passed around among the
adventurers who may happen to take
up the business Just when a boom it
attracting attention.-E. P. Smith. Is
Grewlag the Cow Pea.
The cow pea is well known in the
south, and has been grown so lonI
that it is almost a surprise to the
southern farmer that it is now receiv
ing so much attention in other por
tions of the country, not that the cow
pea is unworthy of the consideratlo
bestowed upon it, but beesuse its use
fulness has not long ago carried ii
into every country in the United
States where corn can be grown. as
it will flourish in any climate where
corn can mature; in fact, as a grees
manurial crop it can be grown eves
where corn will not prove profitable
Although known as the cow "pea" 11
is really a bean, and there are se
many varieties as to render classifica
tion difficult. The cow pea is a whole
some food for man and beast and Is
as nourishing as the ordinary white
navy bean. Owing to the fact that
when it is cooked it darkens the pots
and kettles, while the liquid is almost
black, it is unpopular with those whe
test it; but in the south, where it is
a staple article of food, the white va
riety having a black eye is the kind
used on the table. The white va_
riety is perhaps not so well adapted
for green manurial purposes as the
black pea, but it thrives on all soils
and is sure to produce a crop, even
under adverse conditions. The cow
pea is picked for the table when the
pods are yellow. At this stage the
seeds are soft and on the table are
highly relished. Later, when the pods
are dry, they are picked, shelled and
the dry seed stored away for use in
winter. The pods are not used on
the table. On good land a yield of
from 16 to 25 bushels may be expect.
ed, but to harvest the crop in order to
save the seed is considered laborious,
as considerable hand work is re
The cow pea, like clover, belongs
to the family of legumes, or nitrogen
gatherers, and as it will grow on soils
that will not produce clover it is some
times known as "poor man's clover."
In the south it is believed that the
cow pea will grow where no other
plant will thrive; hence it Is not un
common, when describing the poverty
of a piece of land. to assert that it
"will not even grow cow peas," and to
ascribe such to the plot means that
land must be extremely low in fertil
ity if the cow pea cannot be produced
upon it. This characteristic' of the
cow pea-that it will grow on poor
soils-is one of its strongest recom
mendations, for with its aid poor land
can be restored to fertility. This is
the month for planting or sowing the
seed, and as it makes rapid growth
after it starts it is never cauglht by
frost unless planted quite late in the
season. It will thrive either in rows,
and cultivated, or may be broadcast
ed. As it is capable of deriving its
nitrogen from the atmosphere through
the agency of its particular micro-or
ganisms (as is the case with clover)
It requires little or no fertilizer of a
nitrogenous nature, though a very
small quantity of nitrate of soda,
about 25 to 60 pounds per acre. will
influence its growth in its early
stages. Such fertilizers .as tbo potash
salts, wood ashes, air-slaked lime and
manure will give excellent results, es
pecially if assisted by soluble phos
phate. Lime broadcasted in the fll
and the cow peas seeded the following
summer will often induce a heavy
crop without the aid of any fertiliser,
and such is perhaps the cheapest
mode of growing cow peas if the ob
ject is to improve the land at the low
est cost for the crop.
While it must be admitted that out
side of the nitrogen derived from the
atmosphere the cow pea adds nothing
to the soil, yet it cannot thrive with
out the aid of the mineral elements-
potash and phosphoric acid-but it
secures these materials from the soil
and stores them in the plant. If the
plant is returned to the soil these
mineral substances which were for
merly in an inert condition, are then
in an available form, ad if lime has
been used to render the soil alkaline
the land will be in better condition for
clover; but those who begin a system
of green manuring find it prodtable to
sow cow peas and plow them under in
time to seed the land with crimson
clover alout the first week in Septem
ber, so as to have the ground covered
with a crop during the winater. If pre
ferred one may use rye, which may
be seeded quite late. If the fatfer
has manure he should apply It on the
land which has received cow peas and
crimson clover (or rye) as green mae
nurial crops, and in the spring the
land can go in corn, to be followed
by wheat in the following fall and
seeding to clover the next sprag. In
this manner the land can be greatly
improved, but it will always pay to
apply a fertilizer containing potash
and phosphoric acid on the land for
corn, and lime will always assist sucb
crops as clover and cow peas. The
cheapest way to use cow peas where
cattle are kept is to feed the hay and
return the manure to the soil. The
vines are mowed after the pods are
yellow (not dry), cured and stored
under cover. Some experience is re
quired to properly cure the hay, but
one soon learns. The vines are high
ly relished by cattle, horses and sheep
and the seeds may be ground into pea
meal, being then one of the best of
foods. The unground seeds are also
accepted by all animals. and they
serve admirably for poultry.--Phil5
Uspee Jack Tr r Casmes 1pites.
In the very old days nearly all of
a yacht's rigging was heap, but in
our modern racing craft very little
hemp rope is used. Not only the stand
ing rigging but a greet pert of the
running, is steel wire rope. Only the
ropes that have to be palled on with
hands, llke sheet-ropes that trim
the sail-are made of hemnpi This
is beease steel is not only stroager,
but it dor not stretch like card made
Of ftb --Home MKgasdr
.THE AREA OF PROHIBITION.
1 baay sates la Which It Exists in a M.
Jority of the Counties.
a Constitutional prohibition is limited
0o t a fy States of which Maine, which
" aGdpted its first prohibiton law n 1851:
h Vermont. which established prohib!
th to in 1852, and Kansas, which adopt
edbrohibition in 1881, are the chief.
n There are many more States In which
i qualified prohibition exists in certain
There are sixty-six counties in Ala
bama, and in fifty-six of them prohi
bition has been established under the
existing license system, adopted in
1889, which provides for local option
by popular vote. In Arkansas fifty out
of the seventy-five counties, in Florl
x Ia thirty of the forty-five, and in
Georgia every one of the 137 counties,
e Uxcept those containing the four larg
jset cities of the State, are under pro
r In Iowa there is prohibition In seven
eI ty-four of the ninety-nine counties, in
as Kentucky ninety of the 119, in Missis
re sippi in seventy-one of the seventy-five
t Counties, in Missouri in eighty-four of
B the 115, in North Carolina in sixty of
a the ninety, In Tennessee in seventy
I. but of ninety-six, in Texas in 120 out
La of 246, In Virginia in forty-five out of
,t 106, in West Virginia in forty out of
&l Afty-four counties.
Its In Southern States generally the
at basis of political division is the coun
he ty, and Iowa is the only Western or
is Northern State which has adopted the
a- principal of prohibition by counties.
ad Elsewhere the division is either the
ra city or the township, and in many
ed New York, Pennsylvania and New
he England townships prohibition has
Ile been established locally and Is as
en much in force as if the voters of the
YW whole State had adopted it as a fea-.
he ture of the Constitution.
he There is very little Constitutional or
re Iocal prohibition in the Pacific States,
de outside of California, but in the North
ad west, Minnesota which adopted a pro
n hibition law many years ago for a
on brief time, has several hundred pro
of libition towns.
et South Carolina is the only State
to which has adopted the dispensary sys
tem, under which the State assumes
a monopoly of the sale of liquor.-New
S A NavWal Haven of Rest.
e1n Lieutenant-Commander William H.
1e -Scheutze, United States Navy, the
officer who traveled the desolate delta
he of the Lena River with the party that
er went to Siberia to bring back the bod
n- les of De lobng and his unfortunate
ty coma8nions of the Jeannette expedi
it tion, has recently returned to Was *
to ington after a tour of sea duty ex
at tending over the Santiago campaign,
l- In which he participated, and later
ed taking him to the Asiatic station. He
ie s one of the most robust officers in
or the service, and comes back from Asia
n- bronzed and vigorous and full of ad
id miration of the climate and the attrac
is tions of the station. "It is the ideal
te station," he says, "with no hard blows a
th and just enough occupation to keep
Dy up an appreciation of a naval haven
ie of rest. Good fortune sent me to Sa
's, moa, and the island over which the
it- Government of the United States has
ts been extended. While Apla, on the
h German island of Upoki. continues to,
'r- be the port of call, and Tutuila, the
r) American island, has fewer people on
a It than Upolu, the popularity of our
'3 management is drawing the inhabit
a, ants to Tutuila, and if it was big
ll enough it would probably get them all
17 in time. Pago Pago, which the na
ih tives call Pango Pango, will become
id more important when the Spreckels
a- steamers begin to stop there instead
of at Apla. We have only about fifty
live square miles of territory there,
IC while there are 550 square miles in
7 Upolu."-New York Times.
st Nalnsd's whtt. Horses.
b- In the Occasional Magazine there is
. an interesting article on, the historic
white horses which are to be found
t- in various parts of Berkshire and
s Wiltshire. In Wilts there are no few
g er than six of these horses. The most
h- famous is the one on Bratton Hill,
- near Westbury. Local tradition has it
it that Alfred, after coming to the
il throne, won his greatest victory over
ae the Danes, the battle of Ethandna,
s and cuat out the figure of a white horse
Or- en the hillside to commemorate it
n The horse itself is exceedingly quaint
as in form, having very short legs and a
as Curious crescent at the end of the tail,
or another mark of some of the horses
m on British coins
to Other "turf monuments" of the same
in description are the two white horses
n at Bledlow and Whitelaf, on the Chil
n-. tern Hills, in Buckinghamshire, and
ad two gigantic human figures, one on
-- the downs near Caine, and the other,
ay the "Long Man of Wilmington," near
er Eastbourne. In addition to these
he there is the famous Red Horse at Ty
ad soe, in Warwickshire; the two modern
, White Horses in Yorkshire, the eques
he trian figure of George III. on Osming
ed ton Down, Dorset, and on Mormond
adHill, in Aberdeenshire, where there is
In a WhblteHorse dating from last cen
ly tury, and a stag cut out in 1870.
rbrestones mea Ltv lone.
o "Threatened men live long," some
0 times-when, for instance, they chance
to be criminals whose counsel are anx
lons to make a record. Almost ten
d years ago a man in the State of Wash
ington was convicted of murder in the
first degree and sentenced to be
Shanged. The sentence has been thrice
reaffirmed, but the man has not been
hanged yet The Btate Supreme Court
Sand the United4ates Supreme Court
have had the arefore them, In the
fo trm of exceptions and objections,
during these ten years, and the con
demned man's attorney deculares that
he has still "many cards to play."
ay Touth's Compeanion.
bluests thC ues.
Semrious old custom has been re
vlved at the village of Castleacre, in
of Norfolk-that of blessing the crops.
n The parishioners gathered at the
Je lchurch and formed in processilon,
i- headed by the vicar and choir. After
he parading the village they proceeded to
he visit the fields of growing corn, at
th eone of which a service was held,
a hymans sng and a blessiag pronounced
Ii by the vicar em the crops of the par
r, Ish, The procession then retrmned to
* the chrch, singin recessidonal hymns
by the way, and dispersed after re.
I~s bin5Srndm GOb.
State GoTranint of Lmniai t
Governor-W. W. H. ard,
Lieutenant- Governor-Albert Ebto
Secretary of State-John Michel.
superintendent of Education-Johl
Aid.tor-W. S. Frazee.
Treaasurer--Ledoux E. Smith.
U. S. SENATOR1 .
Don Cafferey anti S D. lMcEnery.
1 District--t. C. D)avoy.
2 Distriot-Ado'ph Meyer.
a District-R. F. Isrounsard.
4 District-P Brazvgqe.
5 District-J. E. ]Rautlell.
8 District-S. M. Robinson.
N. w Oldeas, ?.e
41yeare renowned as a lead
er. Iw als aproLe made,
e charlaitanim praouted.
Over3]0oldad saver a ed
la Diplomaa ete., award4
a American and European
Coarse Includdoes xpert Ac
oomattir and Audting, and
I Guaranteed Hirher and
upealor to any uther the
skouth. We own oear college
butldltag sd haven oequalled
faeltties and as unexcelled
sdess bld osa postiou all over the
esea. nstretSLoaall personal,.
SBag aameroe bslness connections and
being nversally and reputably known, we
have perior dadsatag i ading student to
I-A ctore sto eeeqete with moult Colletge
In which student do actual budanesu with
real goods and actual money, and they keep
the books Is the latest labor saving forms.
Stadents eater at any time. kngltsh. Ace
demlo. Shorthand sad Business schools. All
seperkasfaeultles. Send for catalogue.
Address 00o. OULS A soxa.
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