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VOL. XIV. LAgFE PROVIDENCE. EAST CA:1ROIL PA:RISW, LA., SATURDAY. SEPTEMBER 28, 19fn. * O.2
TO A COLDFISH,
awee world sj urs , indeed 0 fish
burniea-mew u las imprisned
aw smal the se of your truasparent
Met would you have it larger at your
Or don't you care?
Ues! I can raise a tempest with my pen!
Thus, whe you're rocked amid your
b u two ma ngers of my lady's ten,
h th~~ht ome er me to ask again,
S ish, do you cae?
1 don't ppose you do, these with your
A r to o u is m ladyrare
Nour tputm men ,d of the claas:
wyrI could live i joy with aand the
'And in a smaller worhl the seasom pass,
Nor woula I care.
-Freeman Tilden, in Boston Transcript.
he Lost Miniature
1y AL. MD Z~.
S T is rather a peculiar case," he
I smiled wisely. Everyone
thinks his case pecullar. In
reality it generally proves unusual
ooly to the one concerned In It,
My book was turned tape down, on
the window sll. I was ready to its
Iten, but Alyn did not go on at once.
He sat quietly gazing out of the win
dow across the river. The smile was
still on my face as I suggested:
"This 'peculiar case' certainly has
"It has a heroine, yes."
ynr a's eyes were so frank as they
knet mine. His gase had not been so
direct nor his race so clear the last
time I had seen him. A year's absence
from his old associate had certainly
been good for him. It was a pleasure
to look at him.
Just now his expression puzssled me.
I could not fathom It, but it invited
me to continue.
"Have you her photograph with
I He drew out of his breast pocket a
small red leather case and opening it
handed it to me. It needed but one
glance at the painted oval to make me
"You love her. No one could doubt
that for an instant."
Such a plcture. A dainty little head
covered with short curling hair; a del
icate, loving, teasing face: dark, full
bewitching eyes. The throat was
bare, and an indistinct mass of white
gauze ended the portrait
"You must love her." I spoke with
"I do," returned Alyn, "most sin
Still his expresslon puzzled me. An
Insqrutable smile played over his face,
but he delayed beginning the story he
had volunteered to tell.
"And she?' I hesitated over the in
quiry remembering what manner of
mnan it was who had gone from us a
'A gentle expression passed over
"I think she is fond of me," he re
I stretched out my hand and Alyn
grasped it warmjy.
"I do believe," he said, earnestly,
"that if ever a man was fortunate
that man is I. Will you care to listen?
I used to tell you things when I was a
boy," he added, apologetically.
I picked up my sewing, always lying
ready against such times as this, and
leaned back In my rocker.
Alyn reached for the picture. lie
leaned his head on one hand and his
elbow on the table. In the other hand
be held the case where his eyes could
rest on the face. His own face became
"It was a year ago. One night, or
Inorning, rather, I landed on the ferry
on the way to my lodgings. I couldn't
get a street car nor a cab. In fact, I
was too drunk to think of either, so I
stumbled along Just keeping straight
enough to escape the police. In front
orf my lodgings is an electrie ltght. A
slight fall of snow had whitened the
pavement and made distinct this case
benath the light. I had just strength
and sense enough left to plek it up,
tumble up the stairs and stretch my
self out on my couch."
Alyn snapped the case shat and
paused a moment
"Bome time the next day I awoke,
and the first thing that attracted my
attention was thlis-open on the floor,
and her eyes lookaing up at me-me in
An expression of dlsgust good to see
game over the man's faee.
"I quickly shut the cam and put
myself and my room in order. Then
I sat down and studied her."
Still absorbed in his narrative Alyn
bpened the case agalin and dropped
bles eyes on the photograph.
"I told you this was a peculiar case,
and you will think, I fear, that I am
a pecualiar man. But the more I
looked at her the more I wanted to
look. I never parted with the mlnla
lure. I carried It arend in my poclket
and thought and thought about her,
until she became a living presence to
me, a beautifaul woman always with
me. I became absent-mlnded. The
fellows complained, but I came to
have an engagement always when
they wanted me. My engagement
was with thbtbhe lady of the minla
ture. I had lost my heart to her.
fAboat the original of the photograph
I reasoned this way. She would not
.be carrylng her own -inlature around
In all probability. It must have been
lest by a friend, and, probabtly, here
was the hard part of it all, by her lov
er. If I advertised it he would claim
It and I should nmt meet her.
"I didn't advetise I did something
far maore tlrmtleal. I spent my spare
os seanrching. I vilted stores and
walked the strets. I haunted the
aeideme pert ot the eclty. I wet to
the epelt ad seaned the bos rath.
0r than the stag Ndledss to asy, 1
ald net fnd her; yet I evr lost hop.
I flt I mat ad her and leek at ar.
I fet this stafreab evry tae I pmed
bads ae. I woad net gave up the
seauh. Whm I had aausted evej
eoree of my own di d omaiha
Whei I haS d ablt. Lsm debg he
amre; I heted at the -t dstectiui
tb the city d ta ui e a n
Sh t-e mr sm e I Inldg hes
, .,'WItim ae I ag u I vm e a s
from him. [e was obliged to leave
the town suddenly. He wrote some
thing like this:
"'rve found her at 320 Water ave
nue. Imogene Munroe. Will give you
particulars when I return to-morrow.
She 1i anxious to recover the minia
"But I could not await the next day,
and saw no reason why It would be
necessary. I had the photograph and
would take It to her. Because of It I
should insure myself a reception at
"I went to 320 Water avenue that
evening. It is an elegant residence in
perfect keeping with the case and
face. I had scribbled on my card,
'The finder of the miniature.' The
maid who admitted me said that Misi
Munroe was at home. She took the
card and left me in the reception
toom. It was one of the most--whal
shall I call it?-dellcious rooms I wai
ever in. One side was lined with deeg
windows draped in soft, dainty enc
tains and filled with plants and flow
ers. The air was heavy with the
scent of roses.
"I stood before one of the windows
looking at the blossoms when she
came. She came so quietly and gen
tly that I did not hear her. It was
only when the sweetest, lowest, clean
eat volce I had ever heard, said, 'Al
last I am to have my miniature,' that
I knew she was in the room. I con
fees I trembled, as I turned and took
the hand of---"
Alyn stopped and smiled. It was a
half sad, half amused, wholly inscrut
able smile. My sewing had fallen into
my lap and I leaned forward listen
"The hand of the original of the pic
ture. These eyes, this mouth, this del
icate complexion, this same soft curl
ing hair. I was looking on it all, the
Alyn raised his eyes. The amuse
ment had faded away.
"The hair was snowy white and the
skin was wrinkled. Hers was indeed
the face of the miniature, the face of
fifty years ago. My foolish fancy was
destroyed, but in its place came the
sweetest little white-haired lady that
man was ever privileged to call friend.
And this miniature-some way I had
a strange reluctance to Dart with it,
and so here it is with me now. Thay
is all." concluded Alyn abruptly.
"That is enough," I said quietly. "I
think that face has stood between you
Alyn broke in hastily.
"O that is nothing. I couldn't carry
this," holding up the photograph,
"into such places as I had been fre
quenting, and so' well, it's all right."
Alyn buttoned up his coat and smiled
at me frankly as he went out by way
of the office door.
The doctor has always said there
was the making of a man in that boy.
-St. Louis Star.
Thouemads of Wild Geese.
Wild geese, honkers and yellow legs
are arriving on Sauvie's Island by the
thousand on their way North, and
some of the farmers there are using
bad language because the law passed
by the late Legislature forbids them to
shoot these geese. They allege that
the geese are destroying their crops
and devastating their pastures, and de
mand protection. One irate rancher
was assured that he could not be
harmed for protecting his crops and
was told to take a club and sail In and
kill as many of them as he could. He
had no idea of undertaking any such
"wild goose chase" as that, but made
threats of trying powder and shot
on the web-footed birds. Probably
he might be allowed to kill the geese
to protect his crop and might be al
lowed to give away those killed, but
if he undertakes to sell them the game
warden will be after him. A thousand
or two wild geese, hungry from a
long flight, can soon play havoc with
a grain field or a pasture. In Cali
fornia the farmers shoot the w~ild geese
which tome on their farms by the
wagonload. It is the opinion of most
sportsmen that the Legislature over
did the matter of protecting game
when they made is unlawful to shoot
wild geese at this season.-Morning
A Baby Cama rye's M~t LOesn.
In the account of a pair of caanares
and their otffspring, which is published
in the Ladles' Home Journal, Florence
Morse Kingsley tells how the oldesi
baby bird, as soon as he learned to
flutter from one perch to another and
to reach for a seed and crack it, was
put into a cage by himself and hung
out on the veranda near the lathe
bird, who was named Wee Willie Win
kle, and was a superb singer. Then
the baby bird's education began. FIrst
he learned to Jump fearlessly into hi.
china bathtub and flutter his wings
and get himself gloriously wet, just as
father did. Next, he cuddled hlmsell
into a delightfully comfortable littli
bunch on his perch and listened at
tentively while Wee Willie Winkle
sang his wonderful song. The second
week we heard a funny, sweet little
chirping and gurgling. It was tha
young canary; he had began to study
his profession In earnest. Hour aftea
hour the little tellow practiced, happi
ly and patiently. One day he trilled a
little trill, and the next day he had
learned three new gurgles, and the da)
after that hi wove the trill and the
gurgles together and added a longe
trill on a higher key. In three weeks
time we were asking, "is It Wee Willie
Winkle who is singing, or the baby
It Was Esader.
"Sam" Elder told the doctors some
pretty good stories the other afternool
at the Massachusetts Medical Soclet]
dinner, about their own profession
From the way his hearers laughel
I should think the yarns were aboul
all new. One was about an old prae
titllmer, who, because of advanmcinl
years, had relinquished all of his oumt
of-town practice to hble young assist
ant One night the older phyrcias
was called on by two men in a buggy
one of whom wanted the doctoi bt
come to his bhwse, eight miles away
and attend his wife, who was very ill
"She will have na one but yea, doctr,'
said the mam.
Wll ll go oe $14 and not a semen
less," saM the decta.
A whIlpered onaultaties went ea II
Sthe.earriags, and nally the physelna
heard a volee say: "Better p ta
* tea. It's a good deal cheepes thai
i benryig har."
And the duetsr eat his ee-rm
a tam #ig L
The Vast Ar mi lh saee Devoted to the
snase of lashiea.
It is a matter of great interest to the
visitor in Paris to observe the extent
to which the whole city is given over
to the service of fashion. Costumers
and their assistants abound on every
hand. It is estimated that some fifty
thousand of these, including women
and young girls, are at work in the
The name of the Rue de la Paix,
where the most fashionable shops are
situated, has come to stand for the en
tire dressmaking quarter, although
many equally attractive establish.
ments are to be found on the Avenue
de l'Opera, the Rue Royale and Boule.
vard Haussmann. A glance at the
books of some of these houses proves
that Paris is all that she claims to be
as capital of the world of dress. The
leading queens and princesses of
Europe order their choicest gowns
here. Even the favorites of the Sul
tan and the women of the Mikado's
Court are said to wear on occasion
dresses created by the artists of the
great Paris houses, and belles of South
America are their most extravagant
clients. English and American women
are naturally among the most fre
quent shoppers seen in Paris from
To adapt themselves to this foreign
patronage the mannequins or models,
who stand to try on and show off the
superb costumes, are chosen to repre
sent the average style and build of
women of different nationalities, Ger
man, Russian, American or Spanish.
These girls receive about $350 a year.
Sometimes the dress is created in a
modest atelier, or shop, or again in an
apartment which has not the least re
semblance to a business establishment.
Places like Paquin's are almost thea
trical with their spacious rooms and
well-dressed attendants. Those sales
women who achieve success in at
tracting and retaining customers often
receive, it is reported, from $3000 to
$4000 yearly. The profits of a popular
establishment are large, but the per
sonnel of the assistants in such a place
is of the utmost importance, tact, ex
perience and good taste being abso
lutely essential The dressmakers of
Paris take the greatest pains to keep
themselves informed as to the fluctua
tions in fortune of their clients, so
many of whom are persons well
known to the public, and the credit
of aristocratic or theatrical patrons is
always carefully noted. In fact, a lit
tie secret police force, it is rumored,
has these matters constantly in charge.
Many persons who cannot personally
visit Paris contrive to trade there by
means of samples sent through the
mails. It is to this custom, as the
story goes, that the introduction of
the well known mirroir velvet is due.
A sample of ordinary velvet sent by
mail was crushed in the stamping in
such a way as to assume an unusual
brilliancy. The dealer receiving it,
studied to gain the same effect in a
new velvet, and produced the mirroir
variety, which' proved an immediate
If Paris is the centre of fashion,
nearly all industrial France assists
in the production of articles of dress.
Whole towns depend for their pros
perity on the making of the materials
used by Parisian costumers, such as
Lyons, Amiens, Roubaix and others.
Taking the country in all, probably no
less than 1,400,000 masters and work
people are employed in this manner,
and since caprice is ever the chlef
element of fashion, these industries
are being subjected continually to
change.-New York Tribune.
Since the Exposition in Paris there
have been many allusions in the daily
press to "L'Art Nouveau," or the new
art, and the striking exhibit made by
its expounders; but it is doubtful if one
in ten of the reporters, who helped to
spread its fame, understood in what
i consisted or wherein it differed
from art. In studying an exhibit of
I'art nouveau, whether applied to
furniture, fabrics, or objects of house
hold decoration, two elements are at
once discerned-novelty and unrest;
and two prominent faults arue noted
lact of proportion or scale, and a cer
taln incongruity both in the selection
of the various parts whose union pro
duces the total effect, and in a confu
sion of treatment, that which ais prop
er to one material being applied to
another without proper alteration.
This new art declares itself based upon
principles of natural growth and col
oring, but these laws are continually
violated by the curves introduced Into
nearly every design. Indeed, the
curves most commonly met do not at
all suggest a vigorous plant bursting
into life in the spring, but rather sap
less and withered forms of dead vege
L'art nouveau has not become a fad
in this country, even with the smarut
set that is always seeking novelty. The
comparatively few examples of it that
appeared In the fashionable decora
tors' shops have had slow sales. Nor
have the hangings or ceilings and mu
ral decorations been received with any
greater favor. This seems rather
strange when we remenmber the attrac
tion that the novel and the bisarre has
for many persos.-The Modern Pris
Rerastons o a nrf e eam eir 1Ab.
The programme of what a French
girl may or may not do is drawn up
very precisely," declares Th. Bentson
(Madame Blanc), In the ladles' Home
JeaPua. "Unles she is poor and has
to earn her own living she never goes
out alone. The company of a triend
et her own age w~mld aot be sdemt
to ehapers bher. It is a established
rule that nvel-reading Is a rare ex
eption. She is entirely ujtet Is hew
penat' wail in the matter of reding.
And It she asks to see anything at
tbe theatr, excpt a lesles mae
stems. er asagm. thag il u i he
that such a thing is ot considered
proper, feeling sur of her silenhub
mission. After shjis fifteen fears old
she is generally llyllowed to be in the
drawing room on het mdther'd recep,
tion da, hsit must keep to the modest
and decondary place assigned to hern
jpouring the tea and presenting it,
cotuttesying to her elders, answering
Whet spoken to-in short, undergoing
her apprenticeship. She has but few
Jewels, and under no pretext any dia
monds. Oustom does not permit her
to wear costly things; nor does It givq
her the right, in general, to have a
money allowance worth speaking of
for personal use. She receives a
trifling sum for charity, her books and
gloves. A young girl never takes the
lead in conversation, but always al
lows the married lady the precedence
and she finds It quite natural to occu
py the background."
mek of a Baltimore OGirl.
To have successfully concluded an
arduous three years' course in a school
of law, to have made admirable rec
ords as compared with those of her
classmates of the masculine gender, to
have passed the necessary examina
tions and to be graduated as a bache
lor of law, and yet to be denied the
privilege of being admitted to the bar
to practice her profession is the fate
of Miss Haynie Maddox.
Although it is against the law of
Maryland for women to practice, Miss
Maddox says that she intends to make
a determined effort to be allowed to do
so, and thus open a new field for wom
en in Maryland. Miss Maddox is of
the opinion that as women are allowed
to practice law in thirty-seven States
of the Union she will eventually gain
admission to practice in Maryland.
Miss Maddox is the first Baltimore
woman who has ever graduated from
a Maryland school of law. She is well
known in musical circles, not only in
Baltimore, but also in Washington,
New York and the South.-Baltjmore
Women and Birds.
Mr. G. O. Shields, president of the
League of American Sportsmen, thinks
that women are endowed with lots of
good sense. In a lecture before a prom
inent woman's club in the West, he
"There is abundant reason to con
gratulate the women of this country
on their good sense. When their at
tention was called to the needless and
heartless destruction of bird life which
was being perpetrated in order to
gratify their love of beautiful raiment,
thousands of them stopped wearing
birds on their hats. It Is safe to say
that five per cent. of the twenty
thousand women who belong to the
Audubon societies to-day were form
erly patrons of the bird millinery traf
fic. They had not before stopped to
think of the wrong that was being
done as a result of their patronage, but
when their attention was called to it
they were as ready to discard the sin
ful ornaments as they always are to
join in any good movement."
The Baby Princess of Italy.
It is said that the baby princess of
Italy, Lolanda Margherita, Is a re
markably healthy child, with dark
eyes, neither black nor blue, a good
appetite and a strong pair lungs.
She is the second princess b6rn in the
House of Savoy since the birth of her
grandmother, Queen Margherita, fifty
years ago, and no other baby has ever
had the honor of- coming into the
world in the old Quirinal Palace, as
this was, until 1870. the home of the
Popes. Mrs. Dickens, the English
woman chosen as her attendant, has
the direction of almost every detail In
the care of the royal baby, except her
clothing. This consists of long linen
bands, in the traditional fashion of
Italy, which confine the legs to a cer
tain extent, but leave the arms free.
Fleur de Mai is a crinkled chiffon
coming in delicate opalescent colors
for hat trimmings.
Fancy jewelry of fruits and flowers
is the fancy of the hour, the floral
brooches matching the gown in color.
Pale gray lace in an old fashioned
netted design is being employed again
for trimming batistes, muslins and
Some of the smartest women are
wearing princess gowns, though they
are not frequently seen. On the right
woman, properly made, they are
Long, wrinkled gloves are good with
sleeves which reach a little below the
elbow, and women who have been
wearing the long sleeves and under
sleeves are der.ted at the change.
A pink albatross gown has tinernsta
tion of cream all over lace set into It
in medallion form, several rows of
them around the skirt and more in the
waist and in t-he top of each sleeve.
An effective white chiffon gown has
the skirt trimmed with hands of cream
guipure, with a bodice of the lace, the
corselet belt of rose silk, and the
guipure collar edged with lines of the
A little girl's frock of thin pink ma.
terial which falls from a cream lace
yoke, edged with a frill of the lace, is
accordion plated and held in aslightly
around the wtaist with a twisted black
Golf or outing skirts come in pretty
reds and gnreens. Either a pattern in
white hairline squares of the white
with white dots at the corners. They
are made in the regulation fasuhklo,
with plakeht-hole tabs at the sides.
There seems to be no falling oR In
the popularity of lace stitcas wheh
are used in every possIble manner
with dainty efects. One gremat thing
in their favor Is that they farish a
means of maklan prety l g ines l
alirtCs ad bodies.
Pearl pins are usetul and ecomompal
for the home milliner. A whole hat
ean be trimmed with white muD, e
with any kind of ibght material, fer
that matter, with a card of ps. Th e
ean be put in i pla sight ad hem
pat stL th te e, t the htt,
ITh CHEWING GUM TIME
THE SALES ENORMOUSLY INCREASE
IN WARM WEATHER.
A seientile Setaestien Per the Rabit -
MUlhtea ofa Ponades f Gum Used is
the uited States NUdst ef the Di-b
esary of Chidel.
The chewing guam season has began,
and the .sales of the various chewing
gum companies have bounded upward.
Holiday makers Inelude chewing gam
in their festive equipment. Bicyclists
are abroad in the summerland, and
the- bicyclist is your gum chewer ex
traordinary. Then, too, there is a se
rious and scientific justlfication for
gum chewing In warm weath, though
it is to be doubted whether many mor
tals chew in order to fulfil a duty to
ward their physical mechanism. The
chewing of gum in hot weather ex
cites the saliva, moistens the throat
and relieves thirst. Natives of tropi
cal countries know this, and often
chew pure chicle, which is the basis
of all good chewing gum, or even rub
ber, while working in the heat. Chew
ing gum is often recommended for sol
dlers' use on long marches, and last
summer officers in the Philippines re
ported that the gum habit was of
great benefit to the men, because it
lessened their drinking and enabled
them to go without water longer than
possible under other circumstances.
So hot weather and chewing gum are
affinities. Nevertheless the sales of
gum at any time of the year are tre
mendous. Even a statement of them
is enough to appeal to the imagination
of the individual chewer and make
his jaws ache. Within. recent years
a number of the most successful chew
ing gum companies have consolidated,
and now most of the best brands of
gum are manufactured and controlled
by one large company. This one com
pany sells on an average 135,000,000
packages of chewing gum 'every year,
and the sales are constantly increas
When to these 135,000,000 pickages
of good gum one adds the tremendous
quantity of cheap and inferior gum
that is In the market the sum total
wakens a feeling of awe in the breast
of the investigator. About 2,000,000
pounds of chicle is Imported by the
United states yearly and, though chi
cle is the fundamental principle of
chewing gum, it is mixed in manufac
ture with many times Its weight of
sugar, paste, essential oils, etc., so that
the 2,00,000 pounds is but a small
traction of the weight of the chewing
gum manufactured In the United
States each year.
This tremendous demand has grown
up within comparatively few years.
The chewing gum Industry did not be
gin to assume much importance until
about fifteen years ago, but after it
got a start It struck a surprising pace.
Its first great impetus came with the
discovery of the possibilities of chicle
as a basis for the gum. Before that
chewing gum was made, but It was poor
and unsatisfactory in quality, the old
fashioned spruce gum being perhaps
the best of the assortment.
A New York man with an eye open
to good things went down to Mexico
and met someother men who dreamed
about getting rich in quick fashion.
Later these friends heard of chidle
gum and believed that they had
dreamed true-not that they had a
nightmare vision of 185,000,000 pack
ages of chewing gum. They weren't
really dreamers of the first magnitude.
That was reserved for the New York
man. But the men in Mexico believed
that chicle at a few cents a pound
could be profitably used for the adul
teration of rubber.
They sent a consignment of chicle
to their New York friend. He wished
they hadn't. He 'tried the rubber idea
and found nothing doing. Just as he
had about decided to throw away the
rest of the stuffa he had an inspiration.
The very qualities that spoiled chicle
for rubber might fit it for gum. He
boiled some of the chicle, cut it into
sticks and originated tue old-time New
York snapping gum. It was pure chi
cle with no sweetening and no flavor.
Ohewing it was a good deal Ike being
condemned to hard labor, but it sold
lire hot cakes. The demand ran far
in advance of the supply, and from
that small beginning the present great
industry was evolved.
Chicle was used for various things.
long before its chewing gum apotheo
sis. It is said that mention was made
of it in New World reports in the time
of Ferdinand and Isabella. However,
its use was purely local, and the Amer
lean demand for it has fairly rsevolu
tionised the districts from which it
comes. So far, it has been found only
in Yucatan, and the entire supply is
shipped from the various ports along
the Yucatan coasts Its name is Mex
ican for the Achras sapole, the tree
rom which it is procured.
These trees are found only in the In
taror, and the work of obtainingthe
gaum and transporting it to the nearest
shipping point has always been treou
blesome, though it has been much sim
plifed in recent years. There are many
exporting firms in the Yucatan coast
towns, many of them under the man
" agement of Northern men. Mexican
peons are taken into the interior and
wotk for a five months' season, at
wages ridiculously small The pay
Is, however, fairly well proportioned to
the quality of the work, and the'wear
and tear of handling the workmen,
who are as hopeless a proposition as
any manager might expect to meet.
Strikes and rows of all kinds are a
regular thing, and murder is common
enough to lose its picturesqueness; so
f e peaceful and tranqullsing chewing
ygam has its birth in storm and stress.
The largest chewing gam company
in America has recently acquired
1,500,000 aces of land in Yueatan,
and is working it as a source of chcle
euppl. The comp\nsa mansauge
take the workmem in from Ver Ores,
rad the reports f those mangrs amre
Ienough to move the obeldk to tear,
I'roubles of their own? They haven't
uanythiag but treable, sad their opi
lonka Isn't it for publleat.. St, the
experiment in pvwing meesal and
Inasures a steady su~apy at a msads
prie, altheogh the cosmane des met
enet to obtain frm its ownl
esongh chblde to 1 hes reresestss
The quality ci eadrp vals ases
1m to the t astret emm wees k
ames, the stgleal dtemat o the
c er gu cedg the seas. qe u me
ags he esseeswa
iag it, and the pretm ie it used
chewing gum is good or bad. Th
cheap grades are neeesearily anterle
for, though good sum could be ma,
cheaply in earlier times, that is iapes
sible now. The cost of eadele he
sien from two o three aets to thirti
cents, and there is a ten per cent. dutj
The best chewlng gam manufactu,
era test all chide carefully and zejee
all that Is not at the best quality
They employ expert chemists, and1
under their supervlslon the gum is re
fined again, until it is free from all im
purities. ¶ibe best gam when chewe
may be palled et into very Sm
threads before it will break. If it wil
not do that, or if there is a rubber
like recoil when the tension is lea
sned the gum is of Inferior quality.
Paste, sugar and essential oils an
added to the chide In the making ot
the chewing gum, the different mean
facturers have their own formulas and
processes which are jealously guard
ed. The one company.reterred to hai
acetories in several cities and pay
out $8000 a week to its employes..
New York Sun.
It is said that the Bank of France
has an invisible studio in a galler31
behind the cashiers, so that at a gives
signal from one of them any suspected
customer has his photograph taker
without his knowledge.
With the exception of a few small
concerns in Warsaw there is only one
large shoe factory in Russia. This
concern does an enormous business,
and Is one of the most prospero
stock companies in the empire.
The skin of the whale is from twe
inches to two feet thick, and the skln
of a large specimen weighs thirty tons
The rhinoceros Is the thickest skinned
quadruped, with a hide so tough as
to resist the claws of a lion or tige,
the sword, or the balls of an old-fash
Women in China have the privilege
of fighting in the war. In the rebel
lion of 1850(omen did as much flgh
ing as men. At Nankin in 1853, 500,
000 women from various parts of the
country were formed into brigadea of
18,000 each, under female olcers. 01
these soldiers 10,000 were picked wom
en, drilled and garrisoned n the cidty.
A dwarf orange tree in a porcelai
jar of Oriental design is the latest nov.
ecity designed to replace the jardinier
of ferns which has so long dene dutj
on the dining room table. The idea s
Frenchy, and it bids fair to take well
here. It is said that the fashion was
introduced by Count Boat de Castel
lane, who brought on the table a dwarl
cherry tree with a dosea ripe cherries
depending from its branches. Whe
the fruit course was in erdr each
guest 'clipped his or her share with
silver fruit scissors.
A queer annulment of marriage hu
just been decided in Parls. A French
man named Decourdemanehe married
a Turkish woman thirty.-os years age
and settled a sum of money on he
She went mad and was put In an asy
lum, where a male lunatic named
Questel kept asserting that she was
his wife. No one paid any attention
to him. He died and recently the
woman died. Her relatives demanded
the money settled on her. whereuo
the husband discovered that his wlfe's
mother tad written a book called
"Thirty Years in a Harem," In Which
she spoke of her daughtes mariage
to Questel. Hb hunted up the recrds
in London and procured a certiferte
of marriage. The French courts havi
granted him a post-mortem annal.
A little BRussian. girl named Tyns
Helman became a popil in the Wells
Grammar School, of Boston, lst a
tomun. 8he d not know award ed
English, but she could speak a litt
Preach and Speaneh and her own a
tire tongue fently. She was pl.aced
tIn the lowest grade tIn the shol b.l
in a very few weeks h teach ul
thought tihat she would probably gal
more in the next higher grade Th,
was repeated until the prinaeipal ad
vanced her to the highet elsum la th
school When it came time for th
last examination and the diploma lis_
was made out, the name of this lit
giri, who atered the Wells School i
the fan In the lowest read, was
among the itst of raduates and witl
honors, too. Thus she made the te
years' course In one
The Photographuie Chroalde rea
the fact that over feorty years ago 811
John Herschebl predcted animated
photography. "What I have to po
pose," he wrote in 1880, "may appOI
a dream, but it has the merit beilg
a possible and perhbps a realisabl
one. It is the stereoscople mapue
tation ot scenes in action-a- battle, a
debate, a publie solemlty, a pugili
tie eonflet, a harvest home, a launel,
anything witthln a reasonably shai
time which may be seen eron a s.ngle
point of view."
All that Sir John demanded was •
be able to take a photgrph I t
tenth to a second. Hbi dreasm Is ra
ised i the enematogaph, fee whmi
the tenth ot a asecomnd weaold be
essarui loeos. The rlm was
noteworthy, ees fr a se d hted
a man as the ytang Hembe, l
r or speets nds e m
This is th era t spaot. PrlatieI
every man ad boe, every wma* and
grt, trlakes part, or wish to te i pt
nato teat the fi Is inbeed eameg i
t5 at this eaer desese ta it s-~
is mnthing harmfu. nething hapinb
a warulig. On the airsV, . M -
heaeth and tem Sl 4e otm, 8'
dwass me an sesse ta ms 1 sg
euese nd samptln Ia the disq
epei ir, and i sves ts l eulm
ftees wearied a hatd a n
t spat is ges -hinabth A1
a 3 · t.n a
o. :1' -1·. ,
"This is the age of invention."
"Yes, and the age of inventions about
"Courtesy helps business."
"Yes; and good business makes a
man feel a heap more polite, too."--De
troit Fre Press.
"Does it hurt to be lynched r? ad
the tenderfoot timidly.
"Not after it's over," replied Laris
Luke sagely.-Ohio State omusel
A MATCH AND A MYSTERY.
Her name was Short-his name was
They married; now, you see,
She's always Long-he's always short
How can such queer things be?
THE CREST IN AMERICA.
Mrs. Dash-Arthur, we can buy a
coat-of-arms for our carriage now for
Mr. Dash-Yes, Marie, but $o5,aoo."
coo wouldn't keep people from laugh
ing at it.-Chicago Record-Herold.
Slie-I don't believe you're telling the
He-You are most annoying some
times. I suppose you think you can
read me like a book.
She--Oh, no. Like a paragraph,
should say.-Philadlphis Press.
ALL THE PROOF SHE NEEDED
"I believe now that it's true that Mrs
Hashem trims the family hats."
"Why do you think so?'
"Because her husband's horse had oc
a last year's straw bonnet this morning
that was a perfect fright."-Clevless
MERELY AN INCIDENT.
"I clutched that child and saved hei
from falling off the street car going a_
"That was fortunate."
"Not for me; the child's mother be
rated me for tearing its frock."- Chi
" There is a great deal to be said ot
both sides of every question," said thi
"My dear, sir," answered Mr. Meek
ton, "it is very plain that you have nev
er engaged in a argument with Hen
A LITERARY CRITIC
Bender-Dumleigh begins to thial
himself a literary sharp.
Uppton-Not Dumleigh, surely.
Bender-Yes, he recently made th
discovery that there are lines in Shake
speare's blank verse that don't rhyme.
AN UNSISTERLY FLING.
"She is pretty." said the young worn
an, "but she is so obviously made up.'
"Yes," answered Miss Cayenne, "
can't help wondering how she got bad
from Europe without having duty col
lected on her as a work of art."
A MATTER OF LOBSTERS.
"It is said that lobsters will be a
tinct in twenty-five years," remarke
"Oh, well," replied Hlket who w
very fond of lobster, "let us not worn
about it. Let us look on the brig(
side. We may all die before that time.
SO LIKE HIS PA.
"It is a great pity your husband bh
to be away from home so much, but yo
are not left entirely alone. That's ci
comfort. Willie is getting to be quli
a man, and grows more and mor li
his father every day."
"Oh, es. He goes about the home
hit his penders hanging dow
about half the time."-ChdMce Tr-a
READY TO JUMP OVERBOARI
"Nearly all suicides, it is stated, wa
I ongress gaiters."
"Well, there's a clear connetioi
The man who doesq't care what kin
of shoes bhe wears, generally wears co
Sgress gaiters; and when a man does.
I care what kind of shoes he wears he i
I in a dangeros and reckless mens
I couadtion.'%-Chicago Rscord-Hquld.
"Paw," said Tommy, who was lool
ing, at the "Household Mints" in 0
weekly paper, "what is a 'sodrety m
"A society sandwich," responded M
Tucker, not at all certain of his groi
but sawilling to exhibit his ignoram
beforede youthful seeker after know
edge, "is a helpless young man sittis
between two lively girls at a we
THE CRUEL MAN.
Young Bride-Why, Charles, ye
don't seem to be eain anything t
morning, And I got a early to a
these biscuits for you, too.
Charles-No, dear. I don't fed at a
hungry this laorng, to tell the trot
Yor biemi are vey eice, i-de
yB the way, I weder if thee arme a
of those dog biscuits left that I bou
for Nero on Fdday?-Sies'vills lo
A New Histerkel Reman.
Poskiely the Great Asaen Neew
WI ea Iy Ahlia Jlm--
li.rult wi em. Ld tied iL
Tim 2 e theasUmadd dhebr ti a
Mor ad ives the book a tchgt
led, be lore he bad weltiea ra
the Alay witahs rt
- hawing an s satn er w.
1 WI hse senei, and rmwe d
sr **sole at ~ dry**g* A***e
* ire Iaroned
State Gveringit If LWIiillil
Governor--W. W. HFard,
Secretary of Stat·-John Michel,
8aprintendent of Ednoation--oha
Audltor-W. S. Frasee.
Treasarer-Ledoux E. Smith.
U. 8 BENATORS.
Don CaDery sand S. D. MoEnery.
1 District.-Kt. O. Davey.
SDistrie--Ado!ph Meyer. *
$ Distiot-R. F. Broussard.
4 Distriet-P. Brazamal.
5 Distriot1T. E. RanadelL
" Distriot- M. . Robinson.
moealtus wo over the
Cme+ m es snend os e.t t
asties e o am noms.
ur s .na[e y' iabl. No.w
seal O .ilads i t
Gain, It. Louis, C1esgo, Cin
cisnati, Louisville a
making direct eomaeotions with througb
trais for all pointe
NORTH, EAST AND WEST,
isoladina Ba)alo, Pittbrp. Oleve
liad, ssimso, Now Yor Philadelphia,
Baltimoe, tishmeond. t. Psul, Min
apIIIs, Omasha, Kss City HSot
Bpsina, Ark., sad Denver. Oose
smnelta jat Mhleapo witb entral
rDel Týayde for
gwgIyF., S1tI FALLS, SIOGI CITY,
tad the Wash Parealass of spate
of the T. " M. V. sal semaetia lines
akWi. dietmas Div. Paw. At.o.
tas r for Rew Olaes._
JBam A. Sher, Div. Pas: AsM.
A. o. l maha, Ka P. A.,
IW. s arllmm A. 0. EP. A.,
T tIIUI IEI GO I
* r imno - to :
• deslw, UST ocD cHTE
: cor.gCz r " yftmOfDA, W
* ord, wm YOe /esitJ, 0
THg Gn! TUN 1W1 I4I
Datwem O lat $. ea.
SNorthr anud Syouth.w
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al Sesmw i al 3S1sm es bapalah