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EFFECT OF RAIN UPON THE
Rains and snows assist to a certain
extent in adding fertility to the soil.
In one year rains bring down about four
pounds of ammonia per acre. Nitric
acid, chlorine, sulphuric acid and am
monia are all brought to the ground,
though the amounts are not large.
KEEP ONLY PRODUCTIVE COWS.
A cow that gives sixteen quarts of
milk per day is worth two that give
eight quarts each, for the reason that
she will occupy but one stall, while the
others require two. One cow will incur
less expense to the owner for shelter
and also for labor and care, consequent
ly she gives more profit not only by
reason of greater product but also be.
caue she is less expensive than the un.
BUILD CISTERNS FOR CATTLE.
Cows inl order to do their best and
give us the greatest amount of profit
must have ready access to pure drinking
water at least three times a day in sum
mer. Farmers who have no wells or
springs on their land should dig a few
large cisterns around their buildings and
see to it that the supply of water is con
stantly replenished by each rain. Cis
terns will be one of the best investments
they can make, for they are not only
useful in summer, but in winter as well.
During the cold days water freshly
drawn will be drunk in pails full, where
as a few swallows would suffice if suck
ed through a hole in the ice.
POULTRY IN THE GARDEN.
Late in the season all kinds of poultry
may be allowed the run of the garden,
except geese and ducks, which should
be turned out on a pasture. Fowls do
not injure galdens after the crops are
well under way, though hens with chicks
will scratch for seeds on newly-prepared
plots. The fowls will destroy many in
sects and also consume the seeds of
some weeds. They also eat the young
and tender weeds that are coming up.
Geese will consume that persistent and
annoying weed known as purslaine, or
pursley, while both ducks and geese will
thrive on green food entirely if allowed.
It is a waste of grain to give it to fowls
that have the run of gra s and young
weeds, as they can select for themselves
all the food desired.
A LATE FODDER CROP.
Listing corn is a quick way of grow
ing a late crop for fodder. A lister is
a double plow, or a right-and-left hand
plow set together at the landsides, so as
to throw a furrow both ways, thus mak
ing a ditch. At the back end of the
beam is a subsoiler, which stirs up the
bottom of the furrow. The one-horse
drill follows, which plants the seed,
though the lister and drill may be com
bined if preferred. The seel is thus
planted deep and somewhat thick, no
checking being required, as the corn is
cultivated but one way. Even as late
as August corn may be planted with the
lister, and as the method is a quick one
the cost is not great. If too late to
mature the corn it may be cut at any
stage of growth and cured, but the
proper time is when the ears are in the
It is doubtful if there is any more
effectual method of pulverizing the soil
to the depth of two feet or more than
by trenching. In fact, it is difficult to
see how it could be done in any other
way, as the surface soil which is the
richest should be turned below and the
subsoil thrown on the top. This is the
indispensable condition of a good vine- t
yard. It is not the mixture of the sur
face with the subsoil that is wanted, but t
about twelve inches of the surface soil,
mixed up and put below, and the subsoil
thrown on the top of it, a complete re
version of the soil, so the foot roots
of the vines will have rich soil and make
a strong growth.
There are other methods of partially
accomplishing this result. One is to dig
large holes and throw the rich soil be
low and the subsoil on the top. Another
is to trench in narrow rows about two
feet wide and deep, reversing the soil.
And still another is by plowing with a
heavy plow as deep as can be done, and
follow after with a subsoil plow. This
method might do in loose, rich or sandy
soil, but in clay soil is of little value
over digging holes. It is the cost of
trenching compared with other methods
that must be considered in going into the
business on a large scale. Trenching
costs about $75 per acre, in narrow
strips about $40, digging holes about $s5
and plowing and subsoiling about $25.-
WHERE THE TROUBLE WAS.
While making cheese I once had a
patron whose milk was seldom perfectly
aweet. I expostulated and lectured, and c
he seemed to really try to improve mat- 1
ters, but without success. He claimed
to aerate and cool his milk down to a
low temperature every night, yet in the
morning it would be on the verge of
acidity. In passing his house one af
ternoon just as I had finished my day's I
work I saw his wife washing the milk v
cans, which had stood in the hot sun
since early moiningl The next day I
told my delinquent patron that I had
discovered the source of his trouble, and
that if he would still continue to aerate
and cool his milk with the same assidu- t
ity, and in addition see that his milk c
cans were thoroughly washed and scald. c
ed with boiling water before 8 o'clock f
every morning I would be almost willing p
to guarantee the quality of his milk. He :
did so, and we had no trouble there- a
Even with the best facilities, coupled t
with painstaking efforts, it is sometimes a
very difficult to preserve milk quality b
for twelve or eighteen hours in hot
weather. Many fly to ice, and depend
upon that solely. But this does not nec
essarily imply good dairying. If one is
possessed of a supply of ice it is a valu
able adjunct in these matters, but it
should be used circumspectly. Do not
cool milk down suddenly with ice be
fore that milk has been thoroughly aer
ated. With pure air surrounding, and
except in-the most sultry and "muggy"
weather, I have no fears of preserving n
milk quality without the help of ice. I f[
would simply aerate it, and thus cool it 1
at the same time.-Dr. G. E. Newell, in a
Nebraska Farmner. b
BEES AS BLIGHT DISTRIBUTERS. a
SI have thoroughly worked out the q
quetion relative to bees carrying blight, a
The coheluslon reached is that bees car- g
y pear blight extensively, and with .s
other l~mcts ae the principadl or almost t
6 only agency of distribution of the a
srm The occurrecsm of the blight on i
che lsoas great quantities and the fit
- maiM wilk blacb the disease 6
spreads from flower to flower indicate
a normal and very effective method of
distribution. The germs were found
growing freely in the nectar of the blos
Bees were seen repeatedly visiting the
infected flowers, and some were caught
IE taking infected nectar, and by means of
plate cultures the pear blight germs were
isolated from their mouth parts. By
t covering parts of the trees with sacks
of various kinds of material, including
ur mosquito netting, and then artificially
infecting certain flowers on the tree,
the blight was observed to spread very In
d, freely over the uninfected and uncov
ered blossoms, but was entirely absent On
in the blossoms covered by mosquito
f Blossoms were infected and at once W:
re covered with sacks and the blight in i
it <uch cases was retained in the infected W;
eC blos<oms. Pear blight germs died very
tr soon after being dried up, and lived for
:r only a brief period on exposure to wea- "P
- ther conditions out of doors, hence they
Y cannot live in dust and be blown around "Y
to any great extent by the wind. Pear
1 blight virus, particularly that which oc
curs on the blossoms, is a very sticky
substance, and is readily carried by in
sects, birds or other animals, but cannot M(
d be blown by the wind. Ta
it It may also be well to state that as a
g result of this serious charge against bees stc
I was led to carry on an extensive series ing
r of experiments in the pollination of po- the
v maceous fruits, and as a result of these wa
d I found that bees are indispensable tothe tea
pollination and setting of most of our ed
pomaceous fruits, hence they should not do
he destroyed, as some California grow- the
y ers think. They simply carry the pear Ra
I. blight incidentally while performing an baa
7 important and necessary function.-Pro- ru!
fessor M. B. Waite, in American Agri- thi
SPRAYING AND CULTIVATING int
y In order to get the most from the wit
n, orchards there is nothing like thorough wa
d spraying every sea on, and liberal fer- aid
o tilizing with ashe, a..d commercial and fro
e barnyard manures. No surer protection ter
s against blights, droughts and other in
d juries can be conceived. The force of wa
this is not always appreciated. Some- for
,f times it is necessary to have a les-on nt
g brought straight home. Well, if one are
. wishes to learn by experience, take two en<
d orchards or two parts of the same or- ho
r chard, and spray and fertilize one and ant
I1 neglect the other. Keep at it for two sh<
1. or three seasons, in order to make sure pre
s of the results. If this does not convince on]
g one of the valo of spraying and fertil- boi
izing, then you are justified in giving up dot
both practices. Sometimes exceptional- car
ly good seasons will not make the dif- rat
ference between care and neglect of an hee
orchard very apparent. When the ly
s l ights and insects are not around in sle
the orchards much, and the season is wa
s well adapted to produce good crops of bac
fruits, even the neglected orchards will vol
show a fair yield; but, then, every or- do'
chard in the country is full, and it is hat
no sign of good farming that one has
raised a good crop.
It is the off season that tells. When F
s all other fruit trees are injured by the abl
blight, insects or dry weather, then is uni
the time that your trees will pay the tioi
S:ncot in full. It is in the off season use
that the experienced horticulturist ber
nmakes his greatest profits. lie has fruit roc
to sell when nobody else has, and the wo
Ihigh prices he receives for it make his wa
profits large and satisfactory. It costs enI
to fertilize and spray the trees every sut
season; but the work will pay if done it ,
thoroughly and economically. The boa
spraying should he so thorough on every coc
tree and on every side and part of the the
tree that no insect is missed. Only in ing
this way will the tree he absolutely 1
guarded against attack. The fertiliz- lest
ing with ashes and manures should be fan
conducted in the same thorough and unt
economical way. Not a load of either wel
should be wasted. Only so much as coc
the trees and vines need should be used, jun
and some years the soil may get so full coa
that nothing but a little stirring and imr
plowing will be needed. We do not ing
wish to overfeed the soil lest it should and
get sour. Trees growing on rich soil, pre
supplied with ashes, potash and phos- dar
phoric acid, will grow so thriftily that che
they will not be very susceptible to the twi
attacks of insects and blights. They set
form their own protection in the strong,
vigorous growth of root, trunk and feel
leaves.-A. B. Barrett, in American wit
American Railway Management Best. plel
For a great many years past the di- bos
rectors of American roads have consist- geld
ently, if pitilessly, pursued a policy which
they conceived to be finfanciallysoundand TI
which is the very reverse ofthatadopted
by railway directors in this country.
After providing for the interest on the
debt, the first thought of an American
board is of the road itself and its equip- gr
ment; their last thought is of the share- se
holders. Relentlessly disregarding the bin
cries of the latter for dividends, every wh
cent of earnings beyond the bond inter- wh
cst is put into the road and its rolling
t;ock-betterments before dividends is pe
the motto of an American railway presi
dent. Precisely the reverse, as every o
one knows, is the policy of English rail- is
way boards. Our directors always divide t
up to the hilt, and when they want mon- sin
ey for the road, or extensions of it, they
issue fresh capital. Which policy is
justified by the event? American rail
way shares have risen and will rise.
British railway shares have fallen and ing
will fall.-Loudon Saturday Review. the
A New Kind of Plant. get
An entirely new kind of plant has been
produced this summer by a man living in
the suburbs of Chicago by means of a cor
cross between the Scotch thistle and the s
ordinary greenhouse carnation. The anc
flower is called the Centura, and is pur
pie and white. The stalk is smooth, like re
that of the carnation, although stronger, th
and the leaf is similar to that of the this- the
cle but softer to the touch. The blossom,
too, resembles the thistle, but is larger of
an:d more delicate and ornate. The plant mil
blooms profusely and can be grown out m
ef doors in all but the most severe hue
eather. The plants in this man's gar- a
'ns have now attained a height of two are
:t. and the only point in which they a
c inferior to either the parent plants is the
lack of perfume. The fragrance is e
Sint, and slightly like that of the this- si
How to Hang a Hammoak. sal
How many know how to hang a ham- tl
mock so that the head will be at a comrn- i
fortable height and remain comparative
ly stationary while swinging? There is te
a "know-how" about hammock hanging i
besides merely tying it so firmly that it its
cannot break down. A hammock hung
according to rule should be six and a
quarter feet from the ground at the head
and three and three-quarters above the
ground at the foot end. The rope that
.secures the head end should he less than b
twelve irnhes and that at the foot should _
measure fotur and a half feet. Arranged .
in this way the lower part will awing 4
freelyd and the head be kept comnfortable ,
by blemn surly stationary.
1ROW DID SHE TELL?; t
In little Daisy's dimpled hand
Two bright new pennies shown:
One was for Bob-at school just then
The other Daisy's own.
While vaiting Rob's return she rolled
Botl}pennies' round the floor;
When suddenly they disappeared,
And one was seen no more.
"Poor Daisy! Is your penny lost ?"
Was asked in accents kind.
"Why, no, mine's here !" she quickly said
"It's Rob's I cannot find l" t
THE QUAGGA'S HEELS.
An amusing story is told by Cleveland
Moffett in his paper on "The Wild Beast
Tamer" in St. Nicholas.
Well, it was here that I heard the
story. Bonavita, it appears, was stand- E
ing on the bridge one morning when
there arose a fearful racket in the run
way, and looking in he saw the quagga '
tearing along toward him. He conclud
ed that some one had unfastened . the t
door, and was just preparing to check r
the animal, when around the curve came
Rajah in full pursuit. Bonavita stepped 3
back, drew his revolver, and, as the tiger '
rushed past, fired a blank cartridge,
thinking thus to divert him from the
quagga. But Rajah paid not the slight- I
est heed, and in long bounds came out
into the arena hard after the terrified F
quadruped, which was galloping now
with the speed of despair. A keeper who
was sweeping clambered up the iron t
sides and anxiously watched the race
from the top. Bonavita, powerless to in- s
terfere, watched from the bridge. t
Of all races ever run in a circus this
was the most remarkable. It was a race
for life, as the quagga knew and the tiger F
intended. Five times they circled the c
arena, Rajah gaining always, but never
enough for a spring. In the sixth turn, t
however, he judged the distance right, 8
and straightway a black-and-yellow body 8
shot through the air in true aim at the v
prey. Whereupon the quagga did the a
only thing a quagga could do-let out V
both hind legs in one straight tremen
dous kick; and they do say that a quagga
can kick the eyes out of a fly. At any h
rate, in this case a pair of nervous little a
heels caught the descending tiger square
ly under the lower jaw, and put him to a
sleep like a nice little lullaby. And that a
was the end of it. The quagga trotted c
back to its cage, Bonavita put up his re- h
volver, the frightened sweeper climbed a
down from the bars. and Rajah was
hauled back ignominiously to his den. Ii
A LONG-SUFFERING DOG. a
My brother once finding a little chicken t
about two weeks old with a broken leg
undertook to perform a surgical opera- a
tion. He split a quill toothpick in two, f
used it as a splint for the damaged mem r
ber, and then kept the s~fferer in his c
room, to see how his experiment would 1
work. In a day or two the little creature
was running all over the house, and its t
only care was to find at bedtime a better
substitute for the down shelter to which b
it was accustomed than the cotton-lined t:
box we provided. It soon noticed our
cocker spaniel, stretched out in front of d
the parlor fire, and cautiously approach
ing, cuddled up to him. t
The onlookers recommended the rest- h
less dog to keep quiet, and soon the in- c
fant, pursuing its investigations, slipped f,
under one of the long silken ears, which
were the pride of the family-and of the c
cocker. This was too much and "Coaly" h
jumped up with a growl, but after some
coaxing lay down again; and the chicken
immediately snuggled back in that tempt a
ing refuge. "Coaly," with one eye on us
and an indignantly contemptuous ex
pression, lay still, while the spoiled tI
darling kept up its exasperating "cheep r
cheep !" merging into the three-toned h
twitter which means "I want to go to b
sleep" right in his very ear.
He occasionally manifested his injured t4
feelings by an upturned corner of the lip,
with a gleam of white teeth, but actually (
endured this outrage of his self-respect n
for several weeks, until the invalid, com- tl
pletely restored, was returned to the d
bosom of its original family.-Los An- b
THE TELEGRAPH SYSTEM OF
No doubt our little friends have learn- a
ed pretty thoroughly the use of the tele- t
graph, and some of them may even have s
sent messages by this magic link that t
binds the countries of the world so close- P
ly together. At any rate, you all know
what a wonderful invention it is, and of
what great service it is to all kinds of
people for business and pleasure. But,
wonderful as it is, you have a better and
more complete telegraph system in your
own body, that is in constant use. This
is the great network of nerves that ex
tends over every part of your body, mis
sing not one little particle of space. If
you stick a pin in any portion of your
flesh you will immediately feel pain. If
you had not touched some portion of this
nerve network you would have felt noth
ing. So you can easily understand that
the telegraph wires in your body form a
greater and more perfect system than
those in all the rest of the world put to
gether that are made by man, .
The central station of the nerve tele
graph system is in the brain and spinal
cord. These are just like the telegraph a
instruments that receive the little dots
and dashes from the wires and tell the
operator what is being said to him. They d
receive and classify all the impressions
that come in over the telegraph wires of a
All through the body are little lumps
of nerve, called nerve cells. There are a
millions of them, and they are so very
small that they have to be magnified
hundreds of times to become large
enough to examine. These nerve cells '
are connected by a mesh of nerve threads h
so small that it would take dozens of i
them to equal the thickness of a spider's a
web. The nerve threads cover every
single bit of the body, and are the real (
telegraph wires of the system. The
nerve cells are like the little stations ,
along the railroad on the way to the cen
tnlofflice. Each one of those nerve cells a
is a battery all by itself. When a mes
sage of some sensation is flashed along
the nerve threads it passes through hun
dreds of nerve cells, or little stations, on
its way to the central offices, the brain g
and spinal cord. As the message passes
through a nerve cell it receives a shock
from the battery of that nerve cell and is
seat on faster than before. " reaches
another nerve cell, and receives another
-bot along its way, until mSaly it 4
snecles the spagl cord and bnain. P
The brain ctasiSa eacrh maessage it re.
~ knlows wlhat to do with it It
message back to the ud of the
aee thread that started it and labels h
abe sUssp pmii, paba-plmsurs, in - II~f
aoe, disgust, happiness, laughter, just as
the case may be, so that the muscles
iround the end of the thread will know
just what to do when the message ar
There are so many nerve threads con
necting the multitudes of nerve cells that
sometimes a message from the end of
one nerve thread reaches the spinal cord
by a hundred different routes. This is in
case one or more sets of nerve threads
are out of working order, and so that
the message should reach the brain in
The spinal cord is the main line to the
brain. It receives the messages from the
nerve threads and sends them to thehead
operator, at the central station, the brain,
in double-quick time. If the spinal cord
should be broken or otherwise out of or
der, you could feel no pain in any part
of your body except your head. You
should break a leg, you would feel no
pain in that case. Moreover, you would
not move any part of your body, for
when the brain telegraphed an order to,
for instance, your feet to help you walk,
the order would stop at the broken place,
and your feet would never know what
was wanted of them.--St. Louis Star.
it LION HUNT IN BUFFALO.
e 'Twelve thousand people were gather
. ed within the Stadium recently, quietly
enjoying a selection by the Havana
. Municipal Band, in connection with the
volksfest, when a few persons just
- southwest of the small grand-stand in
e the western end of the big arena began
k running wildly about.
e "Something must be the matter,"
d yelled a man in a seat on the northern
r side of the Stadium to his neighbors.
e, A second later these words were waft
ed across th arena: "Look out! The
. lion's loose !"
Instantly there was a stir among the
d people in the seats and among those
w standing below them outside the fence
o about the cinder track which includes
the arena. They strained their eyes in
:e various directions. Suddenly, a man
standing high upon the northern side of
the Stadium, shouted out: "There he
s is I He's coming this way !"
:e Following the direction pointed out by
,r his finger, those near him saw a yellow
e object sneaking across the green grass.
r As it came beneath the glare of one of
the string of electric lights across the
t, green, the people saw it was a half
y grown lion. The people noticed there
e was a fence between them and the lion
e and refused to get excited. They simply
it watched the animal with interest.
As the lion reached the inner edge of
a the cinder track, he looked up at the big
bank of the people before him, sniffed the
e air a second, trotted across the track un
til he ran into the fence of wire netting
o and then, turning west on the track,
tambled along. A man with a peaked
d cap came running across the arena after
him. He was within twenty feet of the
d animal when it saw him and it ran. The
man decided a stern chase would be a
long one and darted across the arena to
the south side, hoping to head off the
The lion got there before he did, no
ticed the man and, turning, counter
g marched on the track. As it hurried
along a man in the crowd outside the
fence leaned over and tried to catch it by
the fur on its back. But the man
s clutched air only and the lion went on.
d The first man was now running north
e across the arena again, in another at
s tempt to nead off the animal.
r A few of those in the seats stood up,
h but most of the people quietly watched
d the race from a sitting attitude.
r The lion stopped when he got within a
dozen feet of the man, turned around
and again started to make the westward
trip on the cinder path. He lurched
heavily against the netting fence, the
crowd at that particular point fell back
d for a moment. Then the lion trotted on
h ward. The persistent man who was
, causing the lion so much trouble was on
hand to meet him once more and the lion
e turned on its tracks again.
n Suddenly, as the lion was skulking
along the fence on the northern side of
Sthe cinder path, a tall, thin man leaned
over the netting and grabbed the lion by
d the nape of the neck. The animal looked
Sreproachfully at the daring citizen, but
d he was heartless and held the king of
Sbeasts*until the persistent man arrived
from the other side of the arena and
d took charge of it.
. Pour men with a heavy wooden box
Y followed in the wake of the persistent
man. When they reached him they laid
- the box down on the ground, its sliding
Sdoor was opened, the lion was thrown in
by the persistent man and carted back to
Bostock's animal show on the south
SAbout fifteen minutes before it broke
loose this lion, with another, had shared
Sa larg gilded cage with a little girl on
the platform at the foot of the grand
e stand, the act being part of the enter
t tainfnent at the volksfest.-Buffalo Ex
A Masterful Figure in the Oil Trade
lJames M. Guffey, principal owner
dof the great Lucas oil well in Texas,
r is the hero'of an uncommon career,
which is set forth in detail in The
Hewas a schoolboy just out of his
teens when he made his first venture
at Pithole, a city which once had a
population of thirty thousand, but
whose former site is now a cow pasture,
SHe lost the money he had taken with
him to Pithole, nor did a larger mea
Lt sure of success attend his operations
a during the next few years; but after
n each failure he took fresh courage,
and for a decade or more roamed the
hills and valleys of western Penneyl
vania pushing the drill in out-of-the
I way places with an energy that seemed
ha great'deal like lunacy to less per
SGuffey's opportunity came with the
y discovery of the Cherry Grove district.
SHe was one of the first in that field,
f and secured leases which yielded him
a comfortable fortune. He now owns
s oil and gas wells in half a dozen states,
e and for several years past has been the
Slargest individual oil producer in the
d world. One day last summer there
C was a letter in his mail from a man in
s Texas in which the writer stated that
She had fifteen thousand acres of land
Sin Jefferson County, that State, under
s oil leases. He would like Guffey to
y join him in drilling a test well.
l Guffey wrote the Texan to get leases
e on thirty thousand acres when he
s would help him The bargain was
- made, and its first fruit was the Lucas
s well which has already prodouced oil
- worth $400.t)u0.
Within six years the New Zealand
I government has bought backof the orig
s inal settlers 324,167 acres of land used
k for sheep rpns and i,63 families have
Sfound homes on them.
r In India elephants over Is adn up to
I4S years of age are deemed the best to
purchase, and will generally work wdl
until they are years old.
T tarles are said to be very sleepy
b heeded. Twilight eseds theme to be4 met
as 5,1 Aris smavr at mel..
t as TIME LOST IN SLEEP.
tow A Good Part of a Man's Life Given Up to
ar- Loafing and Dreaming.
"I read the estimate prepared recently
:on- by the British Government with refer
that ence to longevity among men in the
of army," said a gentleman yesterday who
ord is fond of mathematics, "and I do notI
s in care how much men may figure on the I
ads lengthening of life's average; the fact
that is, a fellow doesn't live so long after
k in all. Life is indeed short when we come
to think of it. It is indeed a fitful fever.
the to borrow the simile of the poet, and I
the the distance between the cradle and the
ead tomb is as the span of one's hand. How
ain, much of a man's life is devoted to the
ord actual work of accomplishing whatever
or- his highest aim may be? Dio you ever
part think about figuring on this problem?
You I have, because, I guess, I happen to
no have a penchant for mathematics. But
)uld it is interesting for other reasons. Of
for course a fellow does nothing until
to, after his twenty-first birthday. He must
alk, attain his majority before he enters
ace, upon the serious duties of life. Before
that this time he is passing the preparatory
r. stages of life, and theoretically, is
equipping himself for the serious bat
tles. Fifty years is the life of the aver
her- age man, although life's general aver
etly age figures down to a point much be
ana low this.
the "Give the average man thirty years
just beyond the period when he becomes o.
I in age, I suppos- the average man will
gan sleep at least six hours out of every
twenty-four. I guess it would be safe I
er," to assume, even in the rushing age, that I
fern the average man will spend one hour
and thirty minutes in eating, allowing
aft- for the same time it takes him to go to
The and from his meals, and in preparing
for the table. We might safely figure
the that he spends an average of one hour
lose and thirty minutes out of every twenty
:nce four in other minor ways, in exchanging
ides pleasantries with his friends and chat
; in ting on topics unrelated to his business,
nan in winding his watch, and in other in
of dulgences of an innocent and harmless
he kind This would make a total of nine
hours out of every twenty-four that a
tby man spends in doing things that are
low unrelated, in a strict sense, to his busi
ass. ness. This amounts to three-eighths, or
of nearly one-half of the life that is be
the fore him. It would leave him about
alf- eleven hours out of every twen
sere ty-four to devote to the chief aim
lion of his life. He has thirty years in
iply which to do the work. He would de
vote eleven years and three months to
of sleep and to other things, as indicated,
big and would have nineteen years and nine
the months in which to do his little do.
un- Twenty years looks like a good bit of
ing time, but when we come to this fearful
ack, thing of living for a purpose, expecting
ked to endear ourselves to our countrymen
fter and to accumulate a little money be
the sides, the time does not seem so long.
The The time is really much shorter than
e a this when we allow for Sundays. and
Sto social gatherings, and prayer meetings,
the and things of that sort, but as these
functions do not figure in every man's
no- life I have left them out."-Ne'w Or
ter- leans Times-Democrat.
the The August Apple.
by The apples that ripen in Aug
nan deliciously spicy and very juicy, a
on. lend themselves well to dainty iessertJý
)rth and supper dishes. An English friend
at- taught me to appreciate this fruit as I
never had before. One of the dishes to
up, which she introduced me was apple trfle.
hed The ingredients are ten good-sized, juicy
apples, the rind of half a lemon, six
ounces of fine granulated sugar, one half
und pint ,of milk, one half pint of cream,
ard two eggs and some whipped cream. Peel
hed and core the apples, cut them into slices,
the and put them into saucepan with two
pack tablespoonfuls of water, the sugar and
on- the minced lemon-rind. Boil together
was until quite tender, then rub through a
on sieve; if it should not be quite sweet
lion enough add more sugar and put at the
bottom of a dish. Make a boiled cus
:ing tard of the eggs, cream and milk, and
of when it has cooled a little pour it over
ned the apples. Whip one half cupful of
by cream, having sweetened it and flavored
ked it with lemon, heap it over the custard, 1
but and the dish is ready for the table.
of Sponge, angel or cup cake is very nice to
ved serve with it.-Sallie Joy White in the
and IWoman's Home Companion.
box Canines of Old.
n Under the dome of the building de
i oted to ethnology at the Pan-American
inExposition is a gruesome exhibit, yet
one of particular value to the archaeolo
u gist. Here upon a portion of their na- I
tive soil lie the mortal remains of the 4
inhabitants of the ancient village of
oke "Baum." This old site of aboriginal
red culture was in Ross County, Ohio, and
an its story was unraveled by the researches 4
t of Professor Mills, of the Ohio Archiro
ter- logical and Historical Society. More
than eight hundred years must have
elapsed since Baum was inhabited. The
dwellers there were the most skillful ar- 1
ide tificers in bone as well as in stone, and
nr the patience they exhibited in the fash
as ioning of bone fish hooks and other uten
,,, sils are a striking object lesson to us
?he to-day. One of the most important dis
coveries is that of the skulls of dogs
ia very like a bulldog, and of bones which
are were gnawed by these same prehistoric I
da canines. The question of Indian dogs is
but still somewhat obscure, and this is an
LWO, important contribution to our knowledge
ith on the subject.
nsa Stores of Ivory in Africa.
Iter Only a small portion of the ivory an
ge, tually exported from the tongo is taken
the lirectly from newly killed animals. Thus, I
y1 luring t899. of the 29.985 tusks sold on
he- :he Antwerp market. 8.539 alone came 1
ted frcm freshly killed animals, the remain
er- ing 21.446 tusks being what the natives
'erm "dcad ivory." For centuries the
the Iborigines have been collecting elephant
ict. iusks, which they considered as having
ld, little intrinsic value, but useful as arti
tam les of exchange. The Khartoum mer
rn :hants were the first to discover these
a bidden reserves of ivory. Later on the
h - Zanzibar traders rushed on to Katanga
the and thence to the very heart of the Con
ere go. with the result that the ivory trade
in soon became the principal industry of
at the country.--Ne~w York Tribune.
der In England open fireplaces are almost
t:~e only means of heating hosises, and i
a hotels, public buildings, and office build- t
e ings are heated in the same manner.
s The new metropolitan railway of Paris
is 'now said to be carrying a daily av- ,
erage of Iit,ooo passengers.
In this Paper and Ire se yew~
Am advrtimenat is a silet Ceavassr -
MAtwas at Work Is yr Itest.
Pr merli rats aW yt. th. P~MUihrs.
Very few heating and cooking stoves
are used in Paraguay. All the houses
have brick stoves built in them, so that
iron stoves have little or no sale.
On 300 streets in Berlin there are
44.ooo trees, valued at $1go,ooo. A city
beautiful does not come too high and
it is such a satisfactory city to have!
When it is considered that graphite
suitable for lead pencils is found in a!
most every country on the globe, it
ought to be a difficult matter to corner
the graphite industry.
A pure water supply is rightly looked
upon as one of the greatest essentials
to the healthfulness of a community.
Manys foods-salads, for example-can
not be cooked or subjected to the ef
fects of a high temperature, while, on
the other hand, washing them in in
fected water may render them the means
of conveying disease.
A few years ago Phoenix. Arizona.
the centre of the Salt River Valley, was
a sage brush desert. It now has 25,000
inhabitants, with an assessed property
valuation of $Io,ooo,ooo. All this is due
to the introduction of water, which,
brought in canals from distant streams,
has turned the desert into a fertile val
ley. covered with ranches and dotted
with small towns.
A French investigator says the brains
of military and naval men give out most
quickly. He states that out of every
loo,ooo men of the military or naval
profession 199 are lunatics. Of the so
called liberal professions artists are the
first to succumb to the brain strain, next
the lawyers, followed at some distance
by doctors, clergy, literary men and civil
The fact that mo't scientists are skep
tical about color photography does not
prove that it is a scientific impossi
bility. Very few scientists believed that
a machine could be devised that would
reproduce the exact sounds of the hu
man voice until Edison astonished the
world with his phonograph. Now that
we are familiar with the phonograph we
marvel at its simplicity.
A specialist has declared that ninety
per cent. of the curvatures of the spine
not caused by actual hone disease are
developed during school life; and oc
ulists have shown that the most seri
ous cases of near-sightedness increase
in direct proportion to the advance in
school grades. The school children can
not be looked after too well, as good
health is really the basis of success in
The arid land of the West furnishes
us with one of the most serious prob
lems in our internal development. There
are abundant supplies of water in many
Jplaces under the dry surface, and with
power to work the pumps it can be
brought up and run into the irrigation
ditches. Steam power is too expensive
because of the high cost of fuel. On
the other hand, cataracts do not exist
everywhere, and the electricians cannot
yet transmit their power very success
fully over the longer distances. The
outlook, however, is most attractive, and
it suggests imminent changes in the
"Great American Desert" of far reach
ing importance to man.
Investments in oil, especially if it is
Standar d, are far less fluctuating than in
oil paintings. If carried long enough
"old masters" may be worth vast for
tunes, though the old masters themsel
vos sol them for a song. There are
authentic records of paintings by Raph
ael, Rulbens and Van Dyck selling for
from $5o to $Ioo apiece in the eighteenth
century. To-day one of them would
bring anywhere from $,o,ooo to $300,ooo00.,
In the British National Gallery there
hangs one Raphael for which the Gov
ernment paid the Duke of Marlborough
$375.oo0. Raphael may have received
$r,ooo for it. In the same' collection,
however, there is one of Van Dyck's
masterpieces, the portrait of Charles
I., for which only $4o,ooo was paid.
One of the assured facts of modern
medicine is that defective digestion can
overcome an inherited tendency to ami
ability and good morals. The stomach
goes wrong under'the demands of mod
ern life, inducing neurasthenia or nerv
ous exhaustion and a long train of evils.
There is hardly a man who is capable of
resisting the cry of the stomach for
foods which it cannot digest save at a
ruinous expenditure of energy. When
the stomach has been removed by the
surgeon it has been necessary to depend
fPr sustenance on food that has been
artificially digested. This has saved the
person from the ills that follow defec
tive digestion and has led to a moral
regeneration, to a more eager intellec
tual state and to perfect physical health.
Clearly, then, the way to human im
provement lies through the elimination
of the pestilential organ of digestion.
For the perverse and criminal we need
not laws, but a surgical operation, face
tiously observes the PhiladelphiaRecord.
A well known doctrine governing
trade-mark law is that no one can apply
the name of a district or country to a
well known article of commerce, and
by so doing obtain an exclusive right
to such application as would prevent
others inhabiting the same district from
truthfully using the same designation.
However. where a geographical name
has acquired a secondary significance,
its use in that sense may be protected
by restraining the use of such word
by others in such a way that it would
amount to a fraud on the public, and
on those to whose employment of it the
special meaning has become attached.
It may be granted, therefore, that the
manufacturer of particular goods is en
titled to the reputation they have ac
quired, and the public is entitled
to the means of distinguishing
between those and other goods; protec
tion is accorded against unfair dealing,
whether there be a technical trade-mark
or not. The essence of the wrong con
sists of the sale of the goods of one
manufacturer or vendor for those of
Frm iMa Iss thel e l of We.
vada fell from 46700 to -SO; the no-u.
lation of Oklahoma increased from
t mo oo.
Vawmo of a man'u Liss.
Tkhe Spreme Corta have doeided that the
lie of the avraee m-- isa worth what he
i- abletoarn. Amoa's 'arninsde to
.a .eat _utet upn is phsialhealt. The
stomaeh Is the mansreofhelthand stresth.
Every maa may be bright and ative If his
digestion Is normal. Iit is sot, eetatter's
8tomakc Bitters will make it so. Try it for
dyspepsia nldigestion, coutipation, biou
uses, fatuenof, liver or kidney troables.
The inhabitants of the Province of On.
tario write more letters than those of all
the rest of Canada.
We refund 10e. for every paoeage of Pul
WAx PFIADLs Dra that falls to give satists
tion. Monroe Drug Co., Union lle, Mo.
If you don't make hay while the sn
shines you won't cut much ice when it
In these days it is hard for a man to
get to the front without backing.
There is more Catarrh in this section of the
country than all other diseases put together,
and until the last few years was supposed to be
incurable. For a great many years doctors
pronounced it a local disease and prescribed
local remedies, and by constantly failing to
cure with local treatment, pronounced it In
curable. Science has proven catarrr to be a
constitutional disease and therefore requires
constitutional treatment. Hall's Catarrh Cure,
manufactured by F. J. Cheney & Co., Toledo.
Ohio, is the only constitutional cure on the
market. It is taken internally in doses from
10 drops to a teaspoonful. It acts direciy on
the blood and mucous surfaces of the system.
'They offer one hundred dollars for any case
it fails to cure. Send for circulars and testi
mnontal. Address F.J.Cneuxn & Co.,Toledo, O.
Fold by Druzggits. 75c.
Hall's Family Pills are the best.
Chicago has just lost her giant police
man by death. He was John Dufficy and
his height in his stocking feet was six
feet seven and three-quarter inches.
Brest For the Bowels.
No matter what ails you, headache to a
enrcer. you will never get well until your
bowels are put right. CAscaa"rs help naieurs
earn rvu without a gripe or pain, produce
easy natural movements, cost you jast 10
cents to start getting your health back. dCs
catr~s Candy Cathartic, the genuine, put up
in metal boxes, every tablet has C. C. C.
stamped on it. Beware of imitations.
There were 150,000 children at school in
India sixty years ago There are 4,000,000
FIT8 permanen ly cured. No fites or nervous
mes after first day's use of Dr. Kline's Great
Nerve Restorer. t9 trial bottle and treatise free
Dr. B. H. HKLIN, Ltd., 951 Arch st., Pbila. Pa.
A man must have some sense to know
whether he has any or not
Mrs. Winslow's Soothing Syrup for ohildrea
teething, soften the gums, reduces mISama.
tion,allays pain, cures wind colic. 25. a bobtle
One way to borrow trouble is to lend
I do not uelievo Piso's Care for Consumo
tion has an eual for coughs and colds.-Joyni
7. Borza, Trinity Springs, Ind., Feb. 15, 1909.
Express trains in Russia do not run
over twenty-two miles an hour.
"I have used your Hair Vigor
for five years and am greatly
pleased with it. It certainly re
stores the original color to gray
hair. It keeps my hair soft."-Mrs.
Helen Kilkenny, New Portland, Me.
Ayer's Hair Vigor has
been restoring color to
gray hair for fifty years,
and it never fails to do
this work, either.
You can rely upon it
for stopping your hair
from falling, for keeping
your scalp clean, and for
mating your hair grow.
St.I a Itte. All draggls.
used u one dollar ando e wilxpre
you a bottle. Be sure and rive the name
of your nearest ozpress oTee. Address,
J. C. ATR CO., Lowell, Mass.
A Bad Breath
A bad breath means a bad
stomach, a bad digestion, a
bad liver. Ayer's Pills are
liver pills. They cure con
stlpatlon, biliousness, dys
pepsia, sick headache.
2c. All drugglsts.
Want yeor moastaheberc beard a beautitfl
brown or rich black? Then use
5m.,, u or ,MR. . 55 5 AM.. a , c .
IHarsg sauIfa Pd er
Best sand Cheapest.
i ' Write for particulars.
Chattonoogs. - Tenn.
DO YOU SHOOT?
If you do you bgdd send your name and address on a postal ca:d for a
GUN CATALOGUE. IT'S FREE.
It illustrates ad arlibes rthb dillerent Winchester Rifles, Shotguns and
.Ammunition, and oetains rmus valuable information. Send at once to the
Wlnohester Repeating Arme Co., New Haven, Conn.
: :,Own This Book!:
c IT SHOULD BE IN EVERY HOUSEHOLD AS IT MAY *
-K BE NEEDED ANY MINUTE. *
4' A Slight Illness Treated at Once Will Frequently Prevent a
. Long Slckness, With Its Heavy Expenses and Anxieties. *
: EVERY MAN HIS OWN DOCTOR :
SDl y J. HAMLTONx AYERS. A. M.. M. D.
This is a most Valuable Book for the Household, teaching as it does the *
. easily-distinguished Symptoms of different Diseases, the Causes and Means
* of Preventing such Diseases, and the Simplest Remedies which will alleviate *
+ or cure. 098 Pages, Profusely Illustrated.
# This Book is written in plain
every-day English, and is free from *
* the technical terms which render *
most doctor books so valueless to
the generality of readers. This
Book is intended to be of Service
K - in the Family, and is so worded as
t w V. 5ý to be readily understood by all.
* K 60 Cts.Po"a.*
'K The low price only being made
' 'possible by the immense edition ,
printed. Not only does this Book
contain so much lnformation Rela.i
tive to Diseases, but very properly
K -s gives a Complete Analysis of every- *
thing pertaining to Courtship, Mar
K riage and the Production and Rear. *
Sý . ing of Healthy Families; together *
'K'' with Valuable Recipes and Pracrip "
tions, Explaations of Botanical Practice, Correet Use of Ordinary Herbs. *
New Edition, Revised and Enlarged with Complete Index. With this
Book in the hose there is o eease for ot knowingwhat to do i anem
a_-aDos't wait sti pos h e asa. it Tsr sbfsmt benre oer t. *
K sendat -Sa tLt svelobsY OIILY CNTB WPOT-1AID.
SSend J m d ost psip tups t saw dM a not-bll te *
* Mt pu wo ~SDOg tQ i> BA d St, Keys.
.r *Lt5 & * *
o ethave that 'llred feujsV
Dy feel "alU ot sorts?"
yWa o tongue a fur" eas
ut have Malaria in your system
rthe m.eý you det ri of itu areas
eadldiata for •atege f TyphoMi
Fever. y0oca er ntoi thbl by using
Yueatan Chill '.al (lmproved) the
wonderfulnew Mlnria KiDler. TIs
medy eures all malrtia dseases bt
SItoin the root of the dfaere andm
h rllnl eout The pson and butiding up
the system. Your dealer has Itor can
get K. Insit on the genuine. Prlce s
alts a bottle. Mr.dc only by The
americrn l'harmns al Co., (ncor
sr e do ) va n s vSll e. Il a n0
U111 O1% MADE.
or tonre Tihan a Quarter of a Ceutulr
The reputation of W. L. Douglas $3.00
and $3.50 shoes for style, comfort end
wear has excelled all other makes sold a
those prices. This excelent reputation has
been won by merit alace. V. L. Douglas
shoes have to give better eatiectionl tan
other $3.00 and $3.50 shoes because his
reputation for the best F3.00 and 83.50
shoes must be maintained. The standard
has always becn placed so high that the
wearer receives more vrale foicr his money
in the W. L. Douglas ;3.00 and $3.ol
shoos than he can get elsewhere.
V. L. Doetlas sells more $3.00 and $3.50
shoes than any other two manufacturel.
W. L. Douglas $4.00 Gilt Edge Lime
cannot be equalled nt any price.
8she" ae made sef th samn e t s .1
gse10 hha.oei u.iod In, $. s3d $0
shoes and aru Jp e d opr gee d H
8old by the heat ehloc dalers everywhere.
Ind1t upon havtng W.. t.. Ioluglia lloce
with na,e and price lstnmrpein on bt,ttoml.
Irow to Order so alii.-- aI Wt. l. exienlsa
,wees are n.! Sod In yo'. i ton . Ppeiln d i rn'.r direct to
,t.re. p Stiton p'r f ." Earh.d,, on res, ipt of .r:. o and
eHE> BEL L a.oYi .l, t·rui rfri ladelPs. M.
};. A.VL 'u', ,'I.' , ,: unuru' Will ,nel ye II
(l,ti Ih;alt .tv,; l:tt $t tnltd I;j Msn
, tlln :nnd," PFl ,a in alpe. it Sait
' . " ' 'ck. l u"k,*llt-itnientfl oC
Aess Catr Ey.TAFT. 4.
..tiK frAs. gy. I.. )Doolas, Y.ua. al :us, Mass.
Agp IftJl5 gtllon cisten .......81 4.00
15.50 l aelon clste-n......... 18 50
2I100 alllO u cistern......... O:.0J
Cyproto . 9..e h dl eio ,ori rvery .iheap
Wire I tHCrel Im a Uanil loer chea.I
H. F. LEWIS CO., Limited.
163. 1UAIEONTE b'r.SbW UI;I,,AS. LA
bend for Catalogue. Wrrte for lri.tas.
$900 TO $1500 A YEAk
We want intelligent Men and Women as
esvctling tepresentatives cr L soal tsuagers;
salary ioto to leo a yar and all expenses,
according to experience and hability We aim
want local represtastires; salatry $9 to fIjI a
week and coammission, depending upon the time
treoted. Send stamp for full particulars sad
Sate position prefernd. Adreosi, Dept. B.
THIE BELt, COMPANY. Philadelphia P'.
.CURED BY r '1;; 1
a' 1 DR.TAFT'SS ALE-E
AouaCss Dp.TAFT. t7 E.130ot ST.. N.Y CITY
TELL THE AiVERTISLH ToO saw 1118 ADYRS
TSMzRNr zr TIts PAplV.I-v-B..-38.1901
DROL P IvEw DISCOYJNFrY; st
U VT r I lqaek retlie anitfiurol woest
ases. Boe 1t ieltunia.. sad l0 days' tatratou
Wers, Dr. 5 ' L wasLlIl. Sea a. At~asse. Ba
RIAT da lTIh 'TT0)% I|,iokltp'ti)
USE CERT AIo CURE,,,:
Mcl, IENINY'S TABABsCO.
niln Sify ecate end reelv. by retnrn nall a box of
boanthul s peeimis Itreto( 'sIleorns Illc,lf.