Newspaper Page Text
M. F. Fulford, formerly of Vicks
burg, now residing in Mempbhi,
Tenn., is closing the seakon of OC
tilian Springs hotel with much oredit
to himself and crew. Mr. Fulford is
a young man of rare intellectual c
pabilities and is aspiring to the min
istry, and will be ordained s a min
ister of the A. M. E. Zion church at
the annual conference, which will
meet shortly at Greenwood, Miss.
Norwegian fishery commissioners have
been measuring the salmon's leap by means
of standards erected below waterfalls.
They have found that the fsh can leap to
a height of twenty feet.
Ead of the fleer Wax.
The Doer war,whtch has been raging for the
put two years will soon be ended, aceordin,'
to the latest arvices. News of peace will be
hat:ed with Joy by all. War is a terrible thine,
cund has slain many people, but we believe
stomach troubles have slain even more. Wh.i.
the stomach is out of order, and you suffer
from dyspepsia. Indigestion, datulency, sick
headeche or constlpation, we would urge yo;
to try Hostetter's Stomach Bitters. It wil.
If you can reach a man's heart throuah
his a'- mach it is equally true that you
can reach his pocketbook through flattery.
Each package of PurTNA FanDtass Dra
colors either Silk. Wool or Cotton perfectly
at one boiling. Sold by all druggists.
The follow who laughs and grows fat
usually finds that the laugh is turned on
The people who never pay their debts
s:eri to regard this as the land of promise.
We offer One Hundred Dollars Beward for
any case of Catarrh that cannot be cured by
Hall's Catarrh Cure.
F. J. CZnxrx & Co., Props., Toledo, O.
We, the undersigned, have known F. J Che
ney for the last 15 years, and believe him per
fectly honorable in all business transactons
and Ananeially able to carry out any obliga
tion made by their Arm.
WasT & Tauaz, Wholesale Druggists, Toledo,
WALnroe, II(,wxi & MalIN, Wholesale
Druggists, Toledo, Ohio.
Hall s Catarrh ture is taken Intern'ly, acst
ing directly upon the blood and mucous sur
faces of the system. Price, 'e. per bottle.
Bold by all Druogists. Testimonala fiee.
Hall's Family Pills are the best.
The Japanese have become manufactn'
crs of buttons on a very considerablo
Icet For .ho oWtcole.
No matter what llls you, headaUhe t a
cancer, you will never get well until your
bowels are put right. OAscaunr khelp nature,
cure you without a gripe or palm, produce
easy natural movements, cost you just 10
cents to start getting your health back. Cas
caalrs Candy Cathartic, the gamuine, put no
in metal boxes, every tablet has C. G. U.
stamped on It. Beware of imitations.
It may seem peculiar, but the average
actor would rather have a long run than a
FITS permanently cured. No Sts ornervron
ness after frst day's use of Dr. Kline's Great
Nerve Restorer. $2 trial bottle and treatise free
Dr. B. H. KLIns, Ltd., 981 Arch St., Phila. Pa.
Level means flat but there's a distinc
tion between level-headed and flat-headed
Mrs. Winslow's Soothing Syrup forehlidren
teething, soften the gums, redaces infliamma
tion,allays pain, cures wind colio. 9e6 a bottle
Silk imports yielded in 1900 more than
$15.000,000 of duties.
Plso's Cure for Consumption is an infallible
medicine for coughs and oolds.-N.W. 8Axna.,
Ocean Grove, N. J., Feb. 17. 1900
sold the fnrt season In Tam by We
well-known drug firm ot HestowIBr.
of Victoria and Cara. The rason
for this Is not hard to understand-lt
is pleasant to the taste and doe not
ups t the stomach like the so-called
sweet, tasteless tonics. Your druggist
has it, or can get it fr you fyrwOiS
jobber. Insist on Yucatan ChilTeals
Prico o60o aent a bottle. Made oly
by The AmerleaPharmiaal Co., (In
corporated) Evansille, Indana.
BorMore Than aguasrterf aCeutuw
and $3.00 ahoes for styer comafmt d
wear has exeled all oter makee sold at
thes prices This excellent reptatio h
been won by merit alone. W.L.u a
shoes have to give botter t~atil tk n
other $3.00 and $.50 shoes beoaoe his
reputation for the behst $3.00 and .0I
ahoe must be maletained. The stanay
hs always been placed so gh iha t
we'rs"n " r.i mort vaorn aor n e moy
in the W. I.Dou mo .00 $3 . IO
shoce be ebo ·et elsewh a p.
shoes than any other two manufaetusnea.
W. L Degls $4.00 lit ELdg Line
esot be sqlled at esg ieo
Low wt Olaell. b Mea n.--dI W. esses
bera M Ret told re yt towe er Leo Ma r s;
I. $.'C '. pe. ta IIt t a
Soly r t benst mpotr dall er eveywhr
Init o lun haviln W. LS I~olsah
tRdeD . TY L W Dm
Sh c ot t aywuhro umIoil:ote
j:+..uai. worl : equal e ~'
E Ri, AL e,
style o t irde . T Etins
c tor eIxiE~ earylu. abltya We
wat locat repmvettitve; slary $9 to hl8' a
we anod omimoissios, depeedinl gupsa the time
reh1d. Send stamp for full parttculars and
beeo postiou prefered. Addre, Pept. i.
THU ltLL COMPANY. Phladelphi Pa :1
ASTHMA- HAY FEVER 2
-SEND FOR " -
fEi TRA P -AR O R.
DRINK STARTS HIM ON A CAREER
f OF WANDERING.
Dismissals For Intoxication Commonest
Among Switchmen-Experiencod Men
Whom Any Road Would Employ Exoopt
For Intemperate Habits.
"1That human nature is pretty much
dike in all callings is shown by a study
of the 'tramp' railroad man," said a
division superintendent of one of the
trunk lines running into Washinton to
a "Star" man at the station.
"The tramp railroad man usually be
gins his career of wandering, seeking
employment from road to road, after his
first dismisal because of drinking. He
may be an experienced man, such as any
road would be glad to employ, but his
weakness for whisky caused his down
fall, and, like other men, once the down
ward slide begins, every jolt in the
toboggan path sends him farther toward
"Railroads all over the country are
enforcing the rule demanding strict so
briety with great rigidness. They are
the most practical advocates of temper
ance in the land. They do not plead with
men, and hold up frightful examples of
the result of drink. The question is
resolved to its most simple terms: If a
man wishes to keep his place he has got
to keep liquor out of his tomach. Rail
road men all know this, and the result
is that railroad employes as a great
body are the most temperate of the
classes of the employed.
"A few years ago it was a common
sight to see trainmen come out of a
saloon or a hotel near the depot, after
a preliminary 'bracer" before starting on
their run. It is a rare sight now, and.
furthermore, the rule holds goods at all
times of the day, whether on or off
duty. If a trainman is known to tipple
off duty, he is at once called up before
the division superintendent and severely
lectured. If the admonition fails to
have the desired effect, he is summarily
dismissed. The managers of the roads
have determined that men who possess
a disposition to drink cannot remain on
their payrolls, and the wholesale re
formations and the good in general which
has been accomplished has been almost
"Probably there are more dismissals
for drunkenness among switchmen than
in the other grades of railroad empries.
This is because switchmen and yardmen
are stationed at one place, frequently
near saloons. It is possible for them to
slip away occasionally for a drink, rush
the growler and drink its contents on the
sly, or have a drink smuggled to them
surreptitiously by a companion of a
friend. But off goes their heads if they
are detected, and a close watch is kept,
as their positions, though humble, are
among the most important as to results
should they prove derelict in their duty,
of any on the road.
"No, we have no blacklist of men
dismissed. If a man applies to us for
employment, we write to his references,
and if the cause of his dismissal is in
.emperance. we do not employ him, and
he passes on to try his luck elsewhere.
Previous experience on a railroad, how
ever, counts for a great deal. If we
have evidence that a man has really re
formed, and he is a good railroad man,
we sometimes give him a trial on what
is known as a 'hard 'division, and if
he lives up to his determination, he re
tains his place, and a good citizen has
been made of him.
"It is singular, though true, that once
a railroad man begins to 'tramp,' as we
say, it is the exception that he climbs
ap again. He soon develops a grievance,
like other men on the downward road.
and falls into the error that everybody
is against him. He seldom lays the
fault at his own door, where it belongs.
"We demand the strictest sobriety
among the train dispatchers. These men
nust always be in the full possession of
all their faculties unaided by stimulants.
If the smell of liquor is detected on the
breath of a train dispatcher, the 'old
man' calls the culprit down. in unmis
takable terms, and a repetition of his
oiffense means the loss of his place. As
a rule, train dispatchers are teetotalers.
"The prevention of destruction of its
property by accident and the safeguard
ing of the lives of its pasengers are
the cardinal princidres governing the
ontrol of railroad emnloyes. The
swagger conductor or engineer. with his
nerves keyed up by a "few drinks," is
now almost a memory. Each year the
habits of sobriety, neatne..s. accuracy and
truthfulness are becoming more and
more part and parcel of a railroad man
by reason of iigid enforcement of the
rules. While it is true to a large extent,
the companies are actuated by self-inter
est. and not by temperance or humani
tarian motives, the result, as far as the
men are concerned. is the same as if the
latter considerations wer e the only ones
st issue."-Washington Star.
Testint Butter by Photorraphy
Testing butter, and imitations of but
ter, by photography, is a plan devised in
Minnesota to lessen the sale of the lat
ter by insuring the conviction of those
violating the law. Oleomargarine is
generally detected without much diffi
culty, but even the chemist with his
liquids, his test-tubes, and his minute
apparatus has found it difficult to draw
the line between creamery and reno
vated butter, and has found it more diffi
cult to convince a jury with his chemical
formulz. With photography. however,
the state chemist says that he can show
the difference between butter and
pseudo-butter to even an inexperienced
,ye. "The simple fact to be considered."
he says, "is that pure butter as made in
the dairies or at the creamery contains
only amorphous fat. Any heating pro
cess such as is followed in renovation
and running in of milk immediately
generates fat crystals. In the oleomarga
rine. the crystals from the meat fats
added to cottonseed oil are very thick."
Utght passed through pure butter ap
pears dull and translucent. but when
there are crystals in the substance an
der test bright and dark spots will ap
pear, forming a peculiarly shaded pic
HeIght and Weight of Englishmen,
Statistics have recently been collected
>f the hight of xo,ooo English boys and
men. At the age of seventeen .these
averaged five feet eight inches; at the
age of twenty-two five feet nine inches.
At seventean they weighed ten stone
:hirteen pounds, at twenty-two ten stone
:hirteen pounds. No nation is increasing
in hight and weight so rapidly as the
British. In fifty years the average has
tone up for the whole nation from five
feet seven and a half inches to five feet
eight and a half inches. The average
height of the British upper classes at
thirty years of age is five feet eight and
a half inches; of the farm laborer five
feet seven and three-fifths inches. The
criminal class brings down' the average.
as their height is but five feet le and
four-fifths inches.-Tha Loudos PFe ,ily j
There are ao,ooono acres of land in
rtues that are eminsntt adeptable for
the ember. of rise
PASTOR FAILED. "TO MVAIgt (O #L
Promised the Girls Esoots, lt Latter
Did Not Appear.
The dearth of men at church functiese
has been the bane of many pastors, and
several have sought to remedy this de
fect in their congregations. The exper
iences of a pastor in Chicago who prom
ised to provide "escorts" for the young
women members of his Christian En
deavor Union who might desire to at
tend a midsummer rally of the organiza
tion will not encourage other pastors
to make similar promises. The result
is that some of the best looking young
women are grieved that they did not
get "a man," which one vivacious mem
ber declares that the minister failed to
make good. Three of the young women
are saying nothing. They arrived early,
and each secured a real live escort, for
a time at least. A fourth is satisfied,
because she walked a part of the way to
the meeting with the pastor himself.
According to the announcement, all
young women without escorts were in
vited to meet at the church at 7 o'clock
last evening. At the appointed hour the
girls began to arrive. They were dressed
in their best gowns and appeared su
premely happy. When the 'first young
woman appeared the pastor smiled, for
at that moment a young man stepped
briskly around the corner. Another girl
arrived, likewise a second "man." The
third girl was provided for, and the
pastor looked happy. He soon had a
"this-is-easy" look on his face. When
another bright eyed girl appeared the
pastor looked a bit anxious. There was
no escort in sight. He walked into the
church a moment. Three more girls
ran up. They tiptoed to the door and
waited. When their pastor returned he
was alone, and the smile had died from
More girls came and looked enviously
at the three girls with escorts. The pas
tor walked around the corner and re
turned-still alone-wearing a haunted
expression. Not another man was in
sight. Some one in the crowd con
quered her disappointment long enough
to titter. Then the pastor explained that
he never intended to promise "escorts
for each," but rather "escorts for all."
"We are just going over to the tent in
a body," he added. "and no one is going
with any particular person." This caused
the three early arrivals to frown, and
one caught her escort by the arm. The
disgruntled majority finally prevailed,
and voted that they go in a "crowd."
Headed by the pastor and one of the
three men, the party started for the tent.
Three girls followed. Then came seven
more girls abreast. The other two "es
corts" acted as a rearguard.-Chicago
The Eden Carden in Venice,
In a long, illustrated article on "Ven
ice Gardens," Mr. Lee Bacon writes thus
in the Century of the Eden Garden in
the City by the Sea:
Where the roses bloom in greatest
profusion is the Eden Garden, on the
far side of the Giudecca, stretching away
in the direction of the salt-marshes,
which give out such strange seaweed
The English gardener, who speaks
with a bur and an Italian accent at the
same time, told me the property once
belonged to a "convict." I surmised
that he intended to s'y convent.
Here the late Empress of Austria was
wont to sketch, and here the Italian
actress Duse, fortunate in being a wel
come guest, spends many mornings wan
dering up and down its shady walks.
One is rarely near enough to see whether
it be Alfred de Musset, Dante, or one
of the English authors she has in hand;
for as one advances within sight and
sound, the slight figure is apt to lose
itself in the cross-paths, though when
Henry Bacon was painting his picture of
the Virgin among the lilies he was often
aware of the shadow of the noted Italian
falling almost on his canvas. These
paths are overhung with grape-vines
trained upon trellises, with here and
there great acanthus plants. with the
wonderful foliated leaves which seem to
have been the inspiration and base of
four-fifths of the world's decorative de
signs and carvings. Farther along, hun
dreds of lily plants raise their straight
stiff stalks, and at a certain time are
covered with so many blooms that one
is fairly driven from them by the heavy
The Garbage Contract.
It was a favorite idea of the late Cd.
Waring when Commissioner of Street
Cleaning that the garbage of the city
could be made to pay the expense of its
removal, if not to return an income to
the city. If he had remained in charge
of the department under an administra
tion that supported his plans, it is not
unlikely that some such result would
have been attained. But Mr. Nagle is
not that kind of a commissioner. He
does not have ideas and plans for saving
money or improving the methods of his
Col. Waring made a five years' con
tract with the Sanitary Utilization Com
pany for removing the garbage of the
whole city as then constituted for $89,
990o a year, with a proviso that the city
might acquire its plant and equipment at
the end of that period. His purpose
was to be ready then to carry out his
plan for utilizing the city, refuse in a
manner to return a profit instead of a
large expense. As the five years' term
drew to a close, of course nothing had
been done to carry out the enlightened
project of Mayor Strong's commission
er, but there was a form of inviting new
bids for a contract so late that nobody
except the old contracting company
could possibly be ready to begin its exe
cution on the Ist of August, when it
must go into effect, and that company
boldly raised its bid to $319,ooo a year
for the two boroughs. Mr. Nagle did
not hesitate to accept it and recommend
ed its approval by the Board of Esti
mate and Apportionment.
One Way to Earn a Wife
Were you bowlegged, and your sweet
heart despised bowlegged men, would
you have a doctor break your legs and
reset them? You consider it rather a
supreme test of love, probably. But a
young fellow in the town of Debrezin,
Hungary, has proved himself equal even
to such a test as this. He was paying
court to a local beauty, who approved
him from all points of view except when
she lookgd at his bow legs. She simply
would have nothing to do with a bow
That didn't phase the young man. He
went to a hospital and asked the doctor
to break his legs and reset them. The
doctors refael. but he begged and
pleaded, and finally won his point. The
operation was performed, and after
weeks of suffering the young fellow was
discharged, an inch taller than before,
and with perfectly straight legs. Then
the wedding took place.
The World A-ainst Him.
Self rtspct ought to mean something
more than a comfortable sense that you
have not been found out.-Town Topics:
lulgaria holds the European record
for eatnariass with S800o people'over
• Wr O3 *, Iuehad has m ilr se
HOW MOLES OPERATE.
WHEN A WALL IS IN HIS WAY, HE
GOES OVER .IT.
Makese Lse Miserable for the Gardener
to a Most rovokaig Way - Ba Both
ye sand arer--His Curious Semi-Hu
mas Bonds-Gets Out of Sight Queckly.
Of all the animls which assist in
making life miserable for the gardener
perhaps the mole is the most provok
ing. Just as a certain bed of choice
seeds has been worked into perfect
condition, the mole, which may not
have been near the garden for a month
comes back as though by special ap
pointment, and plows that bed from
end to end. Back and forth he works,
through the loose soil, close to the sur
face, heaving up a little ridge of earth
wherever he goes. He rapidly des
troys the bed, ,-ough that is not at all
his object in coming. He is really out
on a hunting expedition; he is hunting
for earth worms, slugs, grubs and in
sects which live in the ground and on
which he depends for food. When he
has finished his meal he leaves the
bed, and pushes through the turf of
the lawn until he reaches the garden
wall perhaps. This proves a little
too hard for him to plow through, so
he comes out into the open, runs at
quite a fair speed across the walk, and
then burrows into the turf again on
the opposite side.
He probably does this at night. and
next day the seeds which he turned
up during his hunt through the bed
will die. If the sun is hot they will
be baked in the lossened earth, or, if
it rains, they will probably he washed
away. When the gardener discovers
the damage, he will stride about the
lawn, stamping in the loose turf with
his heel, and we can hardly blame him,
if, under his breath, he says some very
unpleasant things about the mole.
Then he will probably set a mole-trap
in the hope that his little enemy will
come that way again. And there he
may have another disappointment, for
the mole is quite as apt to stay away
until a nice line of young peas or car
rots has begun to show above the
ground. Then, some night, after a
shower of rain has softened the soil,
he will suddenly return, uproot the
line from one end to the other, and
disappear as before.
But if, as sometimes happens, he re
turns along one of his old tunnels, he
will probably meet his death. At one
point along the route he finds the roof
of the burrow crushed down some
what, and he has to give an extra
heave to force his body through. That
heave presses on the platform of a
mole trap and releases a number of
sharp-pointed iron prongs which.
driven by a powerful spring behind
them, pass through the body of the
When the gardener comes along and
lifts from the soil the limp body,
around which the ants have a iready
gathered, it will be seen what a curi
ous little creature the mole is. From
the tip of his nose to the root of his
tail he measures something less than
six inches, and his total length is in
creased by a rather short straight tail.
sparsely covered with short hairs. His
body is covered with a beautiful, solft,
lustrous fur, which may look any one
of a number of colors, according to the
light in which you see it. In one light
it will appear dark brown, and in
others black, dark silver-gray, or pur
ple, possibly, and perhaps the most
astonishing thing about it is the fact
that an animal living in the soil
should be able to keep his coat so
beautifully clean and bright In front.
the body terminates in a naked, cartil
aginous snout. on the upper surface of
which, close together, are two oblong
nostrils. The snout is very flexible
so much so, in fact, that the animal
sometimes twists it around and puts it
into his mouth. from which he after
wards withdraws it with a "pop" re
sembling the sound which might be
made in drawing a miniature cork. I
don't why he does this, unless it be
to wipe the soil off his nose. When his
mouth is opened, it will he seen that it
is full of little teeth of several sizes
and shapes, and that it somewhat re
sembles the mouth of a diminutive
At the first glance one would say
that he had neither eyes nor ears, but
buried deep in the fur are two little
shining black dots, which are doubt
less big enough for anything he ever
requires to see, and about three quar
ters of an inch behind them are two
very small round holes which load to
the ears. His forearms are hidden by
the skin; his curious., semi-human
hands alone being visib:e. The fingers
are united, forming broad. leathery
plamas, which in life are flesh-colored.
They are armed .with large, s:ightly
curved nails and are excellent tools for
digging with. The hind feet are small
and slender, naked on the under sur
face, and clothed with fine, short hair
on the upper surface
Wnen the mole wishes to enter the
ground he brings the back of his flat
hands together in front of his nose,
and, digging them into the earth,
makes a stroke Just as a man does
when he is swimming. He rspeats the
stroke again and again until he is soon
out of sight below the surface. As he
goes through the earth, he twists his
head from one side to the other, and
up and down, searching for earth
worms and other dainties, of which he
sats great numbers in the course of
twenty-four hours. When be finds an
earthworm he seizes it with the outer
surface of his forepaws, and crams it
into his mouth, bit liy bit, munching
all the while, like a greody boy cating
a banana. When he is fed in captivity
the crunching on the gritty particles
in the bodies of the worms can be
seard at a distance of several yards.
When in his burrow a mole can
move backward almost as fast as he
can move forward, and when for any
reason he moves over the surface of
the ground, be runs on the ed~gs of his
front paws, with the baicks of the lat
ter toward each other.
It is difficult to believe how quickly
a mole can work his way into the
earth, unless one has actually watched
and timed him. Last spring a kind
neighbor sent me word that her gar
dener had, with great trouble, caught
a mole which had been playing havoc
in the garden, and asked if I did not
wish to come over and examine it. I
accepted the invitation, and, finding
the mole an unusually fine specimen,
I at once began taking notes on the
speed with which he could bury him
sell. The flower beds were well cul
tivated and stt from recent rain, and
at the first attempt Mr. Mole was out
oft dlght, in Afive seconds Just as his
tall was disappearing I caught hold of
It and pulled him out. to give him
another trial. At the next attempt he
was gone in little over three seconds,
sand agai I pulled him out, to see if
he eould better this splendid record.
-e did not try it again at once, but
s t, as 'though searching for a
pmtdeatrlk elty spot. At last he
· tt#i. dwa wamt his eat
paws, with his long snout between
them. I could see that he was going
to break the record, and just as his tail
was going into the earth I put out my
hand to seize it. But, alas! my Angers
closed on the air: my friend the mole
had struck right into one of his old
burrows, and my kind neighbor has
not spoken to me since.-Ernest Har
old Baynes, in Hartford Times
HARNESSING JOVE'S BOLTS
Proteetiom Alilst Lightming Still3 sFeld
A severe electrical storm visited
St. Louis last week and a consider
able property damage resulted, while
several persons were more or less
seriously injured. In recent years St.
Louis seems to have become a favor
ite target for Jove's missiles, and the
frequent repetition of such disasters
has moved the Post-Dispatch to re
mark that it is time some steps were
taken toward the possibility of con
trolling the discharges from the artil
lery of heaven. Our contemporary
suggests that 150 years ago Franklin
showed that lightning was nothing
more than untrapped electricity, and
that since that time no progress has
been made on the lines which he
started. It is argued that if Frank
lin, with his primitive apparatus,
could harness the lightning on a small
scale, modern science, with all the
resources which it has at hand, should
be able to subdue the thunder-storm.
The Post-Dispatch also calls atten
tion to some experiments made in re
cent years by an English scientist,
who erected tall poles about his
estate, topped with lightning rods,
and stored the electricity caught in
There seems to be no doubt, in
view of the statistics compiled by
meteorologists, that damage from
lightning is steadily increasing in this
country. Various causes are ascribed.
Some scientists say that the destruc
tion of the forests has resulted in an
increase in the number and severity
of electrical storms. Others say that
the centralization of industry result
ing in vast emanations of steam from
every city in the country, has tended
to increase the amount of vapor In
the atmosphere and resulted in more
frequent storms. But whatever the
cause the fact remains. Latest fig
ures show that more than 500 people
were killed by lightning in the coun
try last year, while the property loss
rah high into the hundreds of thou
sands. Of course, as has been said,
500 people out of 75,000.000 is not a
great number, but the loss of that
many lives yearly from any cause
which might be removed by proper
effort is appalling to contemplate.
Moreover, the property damage is a
factor of no small importance, and
one Wvhich cannot under present con
ditions be entirely guarded against.
There seems to he little doubt that
science will soon be called on to take
up the question of wholesale protec
tion from lightning. The writer
quoted above favors an endeavor not
only to make the lightinng harmless,
but to make it the servant of man.
This is a tremendous proposition.
Electricity has been put into service
to a remarkable degree. Today it fur
nishes man with heat, light and pow
er. It carries his messages for him,
furnishes him qe;ick transportation,
cooks his dinner, lights his room. Yet
we do not know what it is. No man
knows whence it comes or whither it
goes. Its most tremendous and ter
rific demonstration is in the lightning
.Men who attempted to follow the ex
ample of Franklin have met death as
the resulL of their temerity, and we
have no assurance that an effort to
enlarge on his ideas might not result
in disaster on a larger scale.
But the experiments of the English
scientist spoken of above seem to
have been entirely successful, and
there appears to be no reason why
!hey should not be followed on a
larger sca!e. In the cities immunity
'rom danger might in all probability
be procured by the erection of very
'all poles, equipped with proper con
ductors for carrying off the current
from the clouds before it has time to
concentrate into a destructive dis
charge. This experiment has been
tried with success. But so far as the
country districts are concerned such
~afeguards are. of course, impossible.
And as to utilizing the electricity tak
cn from the clouds In the manner saug
cr~sted. it would probably be not so
.nuch a question of catching as of
holding on.-Louisvllle Courler-Jour
The Dwty of Keeping Cheerftu.
It may be that some enthusiastic
and laborious German statistician has
already accumulated figures bearing
upon the question of length of life
and its relation to the enjoyment of
length of life and its relation to the
enjoyment thereof; if so, we are un
acquainted with his results and yet
bave a very decided notion that
people who enjoy life, cheerful people,
are also those to whom longest life is
given. Commonplace though this
soun , there is no truth more com
monly ignored in actual everyday ex
istence. "Oh, yes, of course, worry
shortens life and the contented live
to be old," we are all ready to say, and
yet how many people recognize the
duty of cheerfulness?
Most persons will declare that ft
a man is not naturally cheerful he can
not make himself so. Yet this is far
from being the case and there is
many a man who is at present a weary
burden to his relatives, miserable
through the carking care of some
bodily ailment, perhaps, or some
worldly misfortune, who, if he had
grown up into the idea that to be
cheerful under all circumstances was
one of the first duties of life, might
still see a pleasant enough world
around him.-The Lancet.
Snapshooting a Submatrine,.
While the new submarine Sirene
was n:aking a trial trip in the roads
at Cherbourg. the lookout reported
that two young men in a small boat
were apparently taking photographs
of the vessel's every movement. A
steam lauch was sent in pursuit, and
the men were arrested and brought to
the submarine. Their camera was
seized and the plates extracted,
smashed and thrown overboard. One
of the men was found to be a dock
yard hand, and the other the son of a
tradesman. They were not kept in
custody, but a strict investigation will
be made into the matter. r
Owing to no fewer than 20 subme
rines having been laid down this year,
none will be begun in 1902, but Ave
will be begun in 1903, while in 1H04 S
more will be put in hand, makian U
submarines in all, to be ready for se
vice by 1906 Three will be ready eartly
next year and 17 others in 190L
Buffalo, a village until 132, a a t
the date of its incorporation as a city
having a population of only $000, s
now the second city of New Yora.
its populatlon, aw 8.004 rwas a
402000 it 188
anset is the larmars.
HE question is often asked
stone roads are of any partic
ular benefit to the farmer,
and whether the increased taxation
resulting from the building of them
does not amount to more than the ad
This question is more easily an
twered, says the fifth annual report
of the New Jersey Road Commission
er, by citing the practical results in
some sections of the State. Glouces
ter County and the southern part of
Camden County are great producers.
of watermelons, tomatoes, white and
sweet potatoes and many other varie
ties of fruits and vegetables so largely
sold in the city markets.
Before the advent of stone roads the
leading highways not graveled were
almost a bed of sand, through which
teams struggled with forty to fifty
baskets of produce to the Philadelphia
market. The roads were so heavy
the farmers were largely forced to
ship by railroad and by boats passing
down the numerous creeks that inter
sect this portion of the country. The
expense on the few baskets they were
enabled to carry from the farms to the
city were so great they found it much
cheaper to send by car or boat.
Now, since the leading roads have
been macadamized toward the Glou
cester City ferry, there are from 1G00
to 1900 teams a day passing to and
fro on this ferry, where probably from
200 to 400 was the maximum before.
These teams now carry from 130 to
175 five-eighths bushel baskets of veg
etables and fruits, while before they
only carried from forty to fifty bas
kets. They are now carting to mar
ket instead of sending by boat, as they
once did, and returning with three and
five ton loads of manure. Their rea
son for so doing is that they effect a
very large saving. Their experience
is that the average basket of fruit or
vegetables sent by boat to Philadel
phia markets costs from six to eight
cents a basket; the items of expense
by boat are two cents for attendant,
and one and two cents for carting in
city; total, seven to eight cents; then,
if the commission be added, it would
average three to four cents more; to
tal, eleven to twelve cents. By cart
ing an average load of 150 baskets the
farmer saves by the use of his own
team about $10 a day, so if he were to
cart about five days in a week there
would be a saving of $50 a week, less
the ferry expenses of seventy-five
cents a day. Another advantage con
sists in the produce being landea at
the commission or consumer's door,
thus being in a much better condition
for sale than when going through its
different stages of handling to and
from the boat or cars and the rough
usage of carting to the consignee's
door. Then the farmer by marketng
his own produce very often saves the
commission by being enabled to di
rectly dispose of it to the consumer.
The charge of selling is ten per cent.;
on an average load of 150 baskets the
commission would be somewhere in
the neighborhood of $6. This, added
to the $10 saved in transportation,
swells the saving to $16 on each load.
This calculation seems large, but if
it were one-half realized it shows how
the stone yards benefit the farmers.
The result has been, where the early
opposition of the farmers of Glouces
ter County was marked by the send
ing of numerous persons and petitions
to the Legislature to have the stone
road law either abrogated or the man
damus or forcing clause stricken out,
that applications are being rapidly sub
stituted for the remonstrances, making
it impossible with the limited appro
priation to come anywhere near meet
ing their petitions.
Another one of the results is that
the farmers are rapidly buying larger,
heavier wagons with broad tires, and
if the present rate of increase keeps on
the capacity of each wagon will be
almost cqual to that of the small boats
formerly used in this carrying trade.
The Sand Road.
Shade harms a loam or clay road,
but improves a road of sand or broken
atone, since it prevents the evapora
tion of the moisture from the road
bed. Therefore a sand road can be
Dpermanently improved by planting
trees so as to shade the traveled way.
They will prevent, in part, the drying
effect of the winds, as well as inter
cept the rays of the sun.
A road on pure sand is improved
tcmporarily by covering it with a thin
layer of any vegetable fibre, as de
caying leaves,straw marsh hay; waste
from sorghum mills (begasse), fibrous
or string-like shavings, etc. This
fibrous material soon becomes incor
porated with the sand and decreases
its mobility. The vegetable matter
decays and wears out, and conse
quently the effect is comparatively
temporary. The length of time such
expedients will last depen.Zs upon the
climate and the amount of travel.
Sand roads improved with three to
four inches of shredded wood (excel.
stor) have kept in reasonable condi.
tion for a year or two.
The only thorough and permanent
Improvement possible for a sand road
Is to add a layer of tough clay and In
corporate it with the sand. This is ex
pensive at best, and it is difficult to get
the sand and clay thoroughly incor
porated In the right proportions.
Ianflance on Warm Life.
The influence of good roads upon
farm life is to dignity it. They make
country life better worth living; they
broaden, educate and uplift this most
important branch of the common
wealth; they bring the advantages of
the church and lecture platform to the
residents of country districts; they re
lieve the country dweller of Isolation
Under the will of the late James
To!eman, of London, the sum of $1,
250,000 is bequeathed to charity, and
an absolutely free hand In its distri
bution is given to the executors.
OLDmDISB' BOMB BURNED.
Athrta OG--The oaiederr.Ae Sol
dise' mas jut east of this olty was
Istvqs by ire at S-.O Monday
mening. No liveo wre lest. There
win abouat srweaty vtI s, Inmates
Sthk buiding, s e t them being
validrr who wiee usueed by their
eomdes. The iess f estimatedat
P5,o04 owered by 9104o0o inmurano.
Tkhe em was pesmed f the o-Oem
edesto veteese it the state m June
S )tst m - wee alM by mep sub.
the Mayor and the str'eet gomil
srlot of Alextldrl, iL.. were ar
rested on the charge of willfully and
felonioansl trespasing upon the prop
ery of the Morgan' Louisiana and
eaus Railroad and Steamship Line.
President Roosevelt stated that in
asking his appointsment be would
Aget the best men for olo@oe,and ttat
eemauaeadatiols of Democratia con
grmmen would be givert duo eonsid
The pope is a great admirer and
friend of birdi In his library and in
the alcoves of his reeption-room a
number of them are kept, and their
shatter always Interests the pdStift.
"You see," he once said to a foreign
minister who had called to pay his re
spects, "these birds are my diplomats.
Whenever I receive anyone here he
can only make a report as to my amia
bility, and can seldom understand my
words, because the chatter of these
songsters drowns all that I say.
susr exist, in the sap of leaves eo
naryr 200 dierent kinds of trees.
"I have made a most thorough
trial of Ayer's Cherry Pectoral and
am prepared to say that for all dis
eases of the lungs it never disap
J. Early Finley, Ironton, O.
Ayer's Cherry Pectoral
won't cure rheumatism;
we never said it would.
It won't cure dyspepsia;
we never claimed it. But
it will cure coughs and
colds of all kinds. We
first said this sixty years
ago; we've been saying it
Threseaes: ZSc.,c., $l. All dreglats.
Comsult your doctor. Ift he sag take it
then do a he says. If he tlt you no4
to tlake it than du't taLke it. e knows.
Lea. it with him. We are willing.
J. C. AYEL CO.. Lowl. Mase.
If it's coated, your stomach
is bad, your liver is out of
order. Ayer's Pills will clean
your tongue, cure your dys
pepsia, make your liver right.
Easy to take, easy to operate.
2Sc. All druggists.
Want your moeutaeha or beard a beantitul
brown or rich black? Then e
BUCKINGHAM'S DYE wfoj t e
0o intl. 0 VAGIf
3INC1I TI ER
"LEADER" and "REPEATER"
SMOKELESS POWDER SHOTGUN SHELLS
are used by the best shots In the country because they are so accurate,
uniform and reliable. All the world's championships and records have been
won and made by Winchester shells. Shoot them and you'll shoot well.
USED BY THE BEST SHOTS, SOLD EVERYWHERE
of Women Use CUTICURA SOAP,
assitd by ticura Ontment, for preserving,
prify , and beautifying the skin, for cleansing
the scalp of crusts, scales, and dandruff, and the stopping
of fallng har, for softening, whitning, and hg red,
rough, and sore hands, for baby rashes, itchings, and
chafings, in the form of baths for annoying irritations and
mmonatnian, or too free oroffensive persiotMn the
forml 4 washes for ulcerative wea knesses, an many
sanative, antiseptic purposes which readily suggest them
selves to women and mothers, and for all the purposes of
the toilet, bath, and nursery. No amount of persuasion
can induce those who have once used these great skin
purifiers and beautifiers to use any thers. CUTICURA
SOAP combines delicate emollient properties derived from
CUTICURA, the great skin cure, with the purest of
eaming ingredienlats and the most refreshing of flower
odours. No other wcated soap ever compounded is to
be compared with It for preserving, purifying, and beauti
lying the skin, scalp, hair, and hands. A No other foreign
or domestic toilet soap, howevr expensive, is to be com
pared with it for allthe purposes of the toilet, bath, and
nursery. Thus it combines in ONE SOAP at ONE
PRICE, the BEST skin and coplexrion soap, and the
BEST tolet and baby soap in the world.
. ampIets' £- and Iternmal Treafinwt for ev humour
sli dn-in~a~ e* w ( Ite elsm the skMla eruss arl
e a4 " s, ele; CVTnS ozrrsm. ito
a e anel in da rrnitRa, and soot"
if. mi 3, c w.. .,. Li.s, U. c. rFmin De
e mair,' . cou sald a, , .. A.
$1 ar.i-"s T de 7h tEllg sindEtsalwees. Irstarts.
SUZUSi Te et Pewier 25~lPoaLHhlSoY's TABASsO.
In the 3.temag Ire m yat r=a at11
New York,the Coltambia defeated the
Shamrock II in one of the closest
contests ever ..iled in America or
European waters, crossing the finislh
line gseoonds aiead of the Sham
rook IL With her time allowacee,
the Columbia won by- one minute ad
Mrs. Mary Roberts is in jail at;
Paris, Texas, oharged with murder
"i42 her aged husband.
Good for Dad Teeth
Not Dad for Good Teeth
Sooaedet Tooth Powder 255c
Large Uquid and Powder 7 ,
HALL & rUCKEL. New Yos"
SOUTHERN CLA IMS.
A CONCISE TREATISE
Regarding Claims Against the Gov
With Full and Explicit Instructlons
as to Mode of Proceeding,
Containing the Bowman & Ticker Acts, and
the bill introduced during last session of
Congress for the relief of Cotton Claimants;
Bules of the Court of Claims; Instructions
for taking testimony; Legal Fees, etc. Also
Tabulated List of claims paid and to wborn
paid, under Act of Congress. March S, 1899;
List of Claims allowed by the Court and in
eluded in the Omnibus Appropr!ation Bill,.
before Congress last winter. Comp led sadl
for sale by C. N. Wilson, Ex-Special Com
missioner of Claims for Southern Claims'
Commission, 514 11th Street, Washington
D. C. Sent postpaid on retceipt of Fifty
Cents by Express or Postal Money Order.
Speioal Terms to Agents.
s 50 gui lon cistern........ 1 53
1550 gallon cistern......... 5.
2100 gallon cistern....... .. 2.1.
Cypress sash end doors ver. cheap
%'ire screens and doors ooeap.
- H. F. LEWIS CO., Limited,
$1634 BARONNE ST.,NEW O:1LEAN., LA
Send for Catalogue. Write for prices.
RaYANT & TR %TT-. (rnnkkerptn )
Besines;.-o! tlege isvye. ) lhorrsc4tp
Caost no more than7 d o. s g 'ch ol. ('atbM |.0
WANTEDIa Rr senttivw in every c-on
Slllty. Gol. wveUr. Adtrsr3
*T.. W.7E Y 1, gtr.. ,ictkburg, ELO
USECERTAI IL, CURE ,.i.
TELL THE ADVERTISER YOc SAW HIs ADYra
TISaxrNT IN THIS PAFNPE--N--U. -40-1901
DROPSY VNEW DISCOVVEF.Y; ate,
Dr QV- quek re lief sn care wms
asies. B"of aasstmoeial And 10 ndays treatmsY n
I... Dr. 5 u. eas sSUlfoS. Sa 5. Aela. o,
INGLESIDE HEREFORDS-Cholce young
stock for sale. Write for pric*- and oate
logue. 8. W. ANDERSON..
Blaker Mitll, W. Va.