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The Banner-Democrat. (Lake Providence, East Carroll Parish, La.) 1892-current, December 07, 1901, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn88064237/1901-12-07/ed-2/seq-1/

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THE ANNE D ~E MOC R
VOL- . LAKE PROVIDENCE. EAST CARROLL PARISH, LA.,.. SATUDAY.. CE 10. NO, 8
A WOMAN'S WISH.
Would I were lying In a field of clover,
Of clover cool and soft, and soft and
sweet,
With dusky clouds in deep skies hanging
over,
And scented silence at my head and
feet.
Just for one hour to slip the leash of
worry
In eager haste from thought's impatient
neck,
lAnd watch it coursing-in its heedless
hurry
Disdaining wisdom's whistles, duty's
beck.
tAh, it were sweet where clover clumps
are meeting,
And daisies hiding, so to hide and rest;
No sound except my own heart's steady
beating,
Rocking itself to sleep within my
breast.
A DANGEROUS RIDE
BY WILL LISENBEE.
Just to lie there, filled wtia the deeper
breathing
That comes of listening to a free bird's
song!
Our souls require at times this full un
sheathing
All swords will rust if scabbard-kept too
long.
And I am tired!-so tired of rigid duty
So tired of all my tired hands And to do!
I yearn, I faint, for some of life's free
beauty,
Its loose beads with no straight strings
running through.
Ay, laugh, if laugh you will, at my erude
speech,
But women sometimes die of such a
gred,-
Die for the small joys held beyond their
reach,
And the assurance they have all they
need.
-Mary A. Townsend, in the Argonaut.
HAD come from the East to seek
my fortune in Colorado. After
spending nearly two years in pros
pecting in different parts of the
State, I resolved to go to Los Vegas,
New Mexico, and try to get a position
on the railroad, as I always had a
liking for that sort of work.
Well, I only got as far as Trinidad,
when I found myself without a dollar
in the world, and of course I had to
stop over and see if I could not get
something to do.
I went to the Sante Fe railroad sta
tion and applied for work, but failed
to get any encouragement. Then I
went to the different trainmen and
made diligent inquiries, but none of
them knew of any job that was open.
A conductor, who was then running
4 local freight on this line, promised
to give me a position as brakeman, if
I would remain in Trinidad two
weeks. His head brakeman was go
ing to quit him, he Informed me, and
I could have the place if I chose to
remain there till the vacancy oc
curred; but two days later he was re
moved to another division of the road.
and I was left without any prospect of
employment in Trinidad.
I then resolved to go to Los Vegrs
at once, but, having no money to pay
y fare, I was at a loss to know what
do. At last, however, I decided to
o to the railroad station and endeav
r to get some of the brakemen on
e freights to let me ride.
When I arrived at the station I
und that a long freight train had
st pulled up and was standing on
e side track to wait the coming
the eastern-bound express.
I first approached the conductor,
d, explaining my condition, asked
m to carry me over his division, but
dismissed me with the curt reply
at his train was a freight train
d he was forbidden to carry passen
".
iscouraged but not despairing, I
nt to the head brakeman and
ght to induce him to allow me to
e on one of the box cars.
Got any money?" he asked.
Not a cent," I replied, "but-"
You'll have to walk then," he said,
passed on.
tried the other brakeman with
result; then I began to feel pret
blue. I walked up the track along
side of the train, wishing that I
never r een the State of Colorado.
esently I stopped to admire a new
motive that was in the train near
ntre. It was a beautiful piece
orkmanship, fresh from the
and was being taken south for
exican Central.
lHe I was standing there the
was uncoupled Just back of the
1 otive, and the lower section
b d down to another switch.
ew minutes later the express
w by and then the section that
h en run back was brought on to
th ain track and went thundering
on way to Raton. You see the
had to be pulled up this long
gr n sections, then, and an engine
w pt at the point to do the work.
n as the train had disappeared
up slope, I heard the bell ring,
an en the other section began to
mo orward. Not until that mo
me when the disagreeable sensa
to being left behind took posses
sio me, did I have the remotest
ide attempting to steal a ride.
Th occurred to me that I might
easi ide on the engine at the rear
end the train, and no one be the
wi ut I hesitated to do such a
thin nd should have given up the
idea not the brakeman pointed to
the ne and hinted that if I didn't
hav ekbone enough to get aboard
I ,I I ought to walk.
Th ncouraged, I ran forward and
lea aboard the moving engine.
The rept into the tender and seat
ed It where I would be hid from i
the rvation of any one who might
pass ag the train. I knew that the
bra would shield me If he
coult I must not allow the con- I
duct o discover my presence.
T am was now moving faster
and ter, and the clatter of the
wh over a joint in the rails told I
me we were passing over the i
swit ad on to the main track.
W ao struck the long, ster.c
grad d moved very slowly. There
is a el space, a quarter of a mile
long, erhaps, Just below the last e
grad two miles. We had reached I
this, d were starting up the last a
grad hen the engine stuck. 1
Ih the load. rapid puling of the a
oo vye as the wheels slipped on 1
the and then the train gradu- 1
allye to a standstill. Then we I
began move backward, and I knew a
we backing on to the level space t
to get new start. 5
The moved pretty tast down i
the . and I rightly guessed that i
the e eer was out of humor.
We d crossed the level space. and
trte down gade below It, when
S ghalmost to a eid-%
gaveIm r r Ht led e
then there came a rattling of cars as
r it began to move forward again. Then
I felt a violent jerk, I heard some
thing break, and the engine on which
I was riding stopped, while the train
moved on up the track.
1 The violent pull given by the exas
perated engineer had broken the coup
ling, and I was being left behind.
r I knew that the break would soon
· be discovered, and when the conductor
t should come back to investigate the
accident, I would be found and put
off the train.
As soon as I realized this, I began
I to look hastily about me for some
I place in which to conceal myself.
t Happening to glance downward, I
discovered the door leading down to
I the furnace standing open, and in a
I moment I had concealed myself in the
[ fire box, closing the door behind me.
Scarcely had I gained the shelter of
that rather unusual hiding place when
I felt the engine begin to slowly
move down the track. For a short
time I thought nothing of this, and
Sr.omentarily expected to hear the
train back against it, but as the mo
r ments went by and the sound of the
train grew fainter and fainter, I came
s to the conclusion that the breaking
r loose of the engine had not been dis
t covered.
I now resolved to crawl from my
place of concealment, but as I at
tempted to open the door I found that
it was latched on the outside, and I
was as securely fastened in as if I
had been locked in the strongest pris
on.
The engine was now gaining speed at
every turn of the wheels, and would
soon be rushing with frightful rapid
Ity down the steep incline.
With a feeling of horror I realised
my awful peril, for I knew that in
descending the ten-mile grade there
was little hope that the engine would
stay upon the rails. I shouted at the
top of my voice, hoping that some of
the train men had returned to the en
gine, but only the sound of the swift
ly rolling wheels came in answer to
my call. There were several sharp
curves along the route, and some of
these were on the very verge of deep
abysses, making the peril of my de
scent so great that I was almost be
side myself with terror.
Glancing downward through the
grate I could see the road running like
a great belt beneath me, while faster
and faster rolled the engine, sending
up a cloud of dust that almost stifled
me.
The engine now rocked violently
from side to side, and every moment
I expected it to leave the track. If I
could only escape from my prison
there might yet be time for me to
Jump and save myself. Once more I
took hold of the iron door and shook
it with all my might, but it remained
as solid as the walls of iron about we.
I now despaired of escape, and, al
most stupefied with the terror of my
situation, I sat there and waited for
whatever might happen. The speed
was growing frightful, and every in
stant I expected the engine to leap
from the rails and go crashing down
into one of the deep ravines that skirt
ed the road.
Suddenly I felt the engine lurch vri
lently from side to side as it rounded
a curve, then, to my joy, I saw that
the furnace door had been thrown
open by the shock. With a cry of de
Lght I sprang through the opening
and was soon standing in the cab.
A single glance told me that it would
be worse than madness to leap from
that fast flying engine, which was
now moving at a speed of fifty miles
an hour. The high cliffs and patches
o: cedars that skirted the road shot by
me in a mingled streak of gray and
green.
Far down the track ahead I saw a
gang of section men at work. The
next minute the engine, which seinmed
to have leaped the Intervening space,
shot by them like a dash. I only
caught a brlef glance of their aston
ished faces as they hurried badk from
the track, then they faded from view
ftr behind.
So bewildered and stupefied was I
by the penis of the situation in which
I found myself that it was sevenil mo
ments before I recovered my presenee
of mind suadclently to reaslise the ae
cessity ,f some immediate action.
I gla~ced huriedly about me, my
eyes fa lg on the polished levers, use
less without steam. Then I enaght
sight of the brake oa the tender, and,
leapiag forward, I grasped the lever
and gave It a vigorous tuarn. There
was a sharp, hissing sounnd as the Irea
brakes came in contact with the swit
ly rollin wheels, and parks oft thre
shot from each side of the tender, but
there was no visible slad~eaning ofat the
speed of the engine. TIga all the
force I couid command I set the
brakes, and then stood belplesly there1
ain the tender whie I was wiftly I
whirled down the mouatalin eed.
mall four mless ahead I euid now <
e the tt TrisMJId. I ksw that I
It vealN be IstpeuWsib S to beami n
the engine before I veached that place,
but I still hoped to check its speed
sufficiently to keep it from flying the
track.
This was my only bone. I could see
long lines of cars on the side tracks
and a number of engines switching
about the yards near the station, and
I shuddered as I thought of what
would happen should the main track
not be clear when I reached the place.
Only a few seconds now at 1 I would
be at Trinidad. As one in a dream I
again set the brakes a notch tighter.
and then, grasping the bell cord, I rang
the bell furiously. The engine seemed
to be fairly lifted from the track as it
swept round a curve and went thun
dering on its way. I cast a fleeting
glance at the station close ahead. I
only saw a confused mass of buildings
and cars; then I dashed by like a me
teor. Then, as I gained a level stretch
of track the engine began to slacken
its speed, and presently came to a
standstill nearly a mile below the sta
tion.
I was saved! A mist gathered before
my eyes, and I sank down unconscious
in the bottom of the cab.
When I regained my senses I found
quite a crowd of people collected
about me, among whom was the con
ductor, who had returned with his
train for the missing engine. When
he asked me how I had come to be on
the engine I told him that I was in
tending to ride to Los Vegas, but did
not mention the part the brakeman
had played in the matter.
To my surprise he did not seem dis
pleased at me for my attempt to steal
a ride, but complimented me on my
nerve in staying with the engine at
the risk of my life, and putting on the
brake as I did. I had saved the com
pany the loss of several thousand dol
lars, he explained, for which he him
self might have been blamed.
"You give me more credit than I
deserve," I replied. And then I ex
plained how I had been shut up in
the fire-box till it was too late to leave
the engine.
He cast a surprised glance at me,
and then said:
"Well, you certainly possess frank
ness and truthfulness, which is, after
all, more to your credit than the per
formance of a brave deed would have,
been. Come with me to Los Vegas and
I'll see what I can do for you."
He took me with him to Los Vegas,
where he obtained for me work as a
brakeman, and six months ago I was
promoted to the position I now hold.
Waverley Magazine.
Big Man Played Childhood Games.
Persons walking through City Hall
Park the other day stopped to gaze
curiously at a hulking Italian laborer
who sat on the curb of the plaza en
gaged in an odd pastime. He was so
intent on what he was doing that he
failed for a time to notice the atten
tion he was attractin,.
The big fellow was evidently wait-,
ing for the loading of a wagon. He
had selected a half dozen pebbles from
a heap of earth which had been hoist-,
ed out of the subway excavation and
had adopted one of the games of his
childhood to help him pass away the
time.
He would arrange five of the peb
bles in a row several inches apart and
would then toss the sixth in the air
and swiftly picking up one of the
stones from the curb deftly catch the
other in its descent. It was much
like the game of Jackstones, except
that there were no "onesys," "twosys"
or "upsy-catch," with which children'
of to-day vary the sport.
The very incongruity of the picture
made it attractive-that great, strong
chap amused by such a simple pas
time.
When at last, looking up, he discov
ered the little group of people looking
at him, he gathered up the pebbles,
and, with I sheepish gesture, tossed
them into the dirt pile. Then he
walked away as if he had done some
thing to be ashamed of.-New York
Mall and Express.
A Quection of Duty.
What is a man's duty toward a dog
lost in the mazes of city streets? One
walked slowly past me the other morn
ing, lifting an appealing eye In pa-'
thetic groping after a friendly glance.
The streets were full of hurrying men,
yet nobody had a word or nod to
cheer him against the loss of his mas
ter. He walked past me slowly,
looked me over with furtive turnings,
but kept on his way, affecting not to
be interested. Then he trotted back
and ranged alongside with hopeful
lifting of soft brown eyes. I smiled
and the eyes took on a gleam. He
moved a step nearer, still preserving
a fair show of dignity. I stooped to
pat his head, and then it was all up
with him; away flew dignity and lone
some fear and he sat right down and
whimpered and cried under the triend
ly touch. It had all been so lonesome.
Then he trotted along, confidingly
trusting his new friend, hopeful and.
self-respecting once more, until we
reached the Elevated stairway. My
road lay there, and his-who knows?'
He had been betrayed and turned
adrift again into the hurrying street. 1
Now what was my duty in the mat-1
ter? Should I have passed him with
out a word in the first place?-The
Observer, in Harper's Weekly.
Fair at Forty.
It was Balzac who discovered that
the woman of thirty is more fascin
ating than the girl of twenty. Now
the Lady's Pictorial puts the zenith of
feminine charm a decade latei, de
dlaring that the apple of discord Is due
to the woman of forty, It is an inter
esting profession of faith and one
woAders whether the general accept
race qf it by mankind has anythlnl
to do with that increasing tendency
to defer marriage till late in life which
modern philocophers have often no
ticed and sometimes deplored. If the
woman of forty is reaUlly the most .
charmlng woman it is only natural
that bachelors should wish to remain
achelors until they are It helpmastee
for her. There is, however, one re
etetion that should give them pasda!
However much more charmaing tha:
the girl f twenty the woman eo toe.
ty may be, there remalns a streug
probability that she y mat keep hoe
charmsesoo. - o&That feet, als bI'
oertanlty b borne la mind bp CoeSebes
IA FAMOUS "LOST MINE."
OLD PROSPECTORS FOND OF DIS
CUSSING THE WHITE CEMENT..
I Discovered by Old Man White, Who Dis
appeared With the Secret of Its Loea
tion-Failure of a Scheme to Learn Its
Whereab.nts - Proof of Its Richness.
The most popularly discussed lost
mine among the miners in the Rocky
mountain camps, especially those in
northern New Mexico, is the White
Cement A few old miners who knew
t White personally still remain in the
Rock mountains, and their narrative
of the excitement he caused when he
showed his rich specimen chunks of
gold ore is always heard with inter
est. It is safe to say that several thou
sand men have, at one time or anoth
er, hunted for the White Cement mine.
The late millionaire silver king, Nat
C. Creede of Colorado, spent a year
in trying to find it.
White was a New Englander, 60
years old, who was in California in
1842. As a gold seeker he was known
and talked about in every mining camp
on the coast, and stories were told of
his phenomenal luck. He, no doubt,
made several small fortunes, but was
always poor and prospected about with
a lean mule and a halfbreed Indian
boy, getting supplies where he could.
Many people thought he was slightly
demented, but he undoubtedly knew
more about the gold region than any
man living.
One day in July, 1858, White came
into Horse Head gulch from northern
New Mexico, driving his mule and
looking utterly used up. He got
something to eat. Some one bantered
him about his vain searches for a
mine.
"Well, just look at that," said old
White, handing out several pieces of
what looked like hard, white clay,
glittering with specks of metal, but
White suddenly became mum, and put
ting his specimens in his bag, went out
to find an assayer.
Before night it was known in camp
that White's specimens showed 1000
ounces of gold to the ton. Everybody
went wild. Nobody slept that night,
'but sat around the fires and talked
"Cement." In the morning a party
headed by Senator Sharon's brother
Henry called on White, who was
sleeping in one of the shacks. He
was told that he must pilot the men
to his find. He could have the pick
of the claims, but go he must, and on
his refusal was warned that his life
would be worthless if he "stood off"
the camp. For a long time White gave
excuses and aeclared he did not know
where to lead the men to the find. But
when the miners showed that they
really would kill him if he didn't show
them where he got his specimens he
finally consented.
A crazier mining camp was never
known. Men in Horse gulch, who were
a little credulous and not desirous of
following White over 300 miles from
camp were offered $1000 and $1200
each for their camp outfits, consist
ing of picks, shovels, kettles, pans,
greasy old blankets, a bushel of beans
and two jackasses. But in two days
there was no outfit to be bought in
'the whole gulch mining camp. Ev
ery one wanted his own outfit.
The trail led across the Rockies. It
was a very difficult journey, even for
the old miners, who seemed never to
know what physical fatigue meant. It
led along rocky trails, up and down
canons, and across mountain crests.
The first day was a race, and two
thirds of the men broke down. The
Indian leaped ahead like a wolf, and
then White followed, his long gray
hair flying in the wind. By the end
of the second day the party was in
the heart of the mountains, in a des
ert where no human being had ever
been before. Many of the animals
were lost and the men were haggard
with fatigue and excitement. White
was told if he played false he was a
dead man, but he still pointed east
ward.
The old man led his aching, thirst
ing and wornout followers into a
blind canon,, nearly on the lJundary
between New Mexico and Colorado.
There everyone was glad to take a
rest by the side of a brook.
"Boys, we'll be there tomorrow. It's
about 35 miles over that way," said
White, pointing to the northwest. "I've
got a little off my trail, but now I've
got my bearings. You'll be the rich
est of any miners alive when you get
over where I'm pointin'."
A ringing yell went up from the
men, tired and almost famished though
they were. The camp Afire was made,
supper was cooked and eaten, the
stock was fed, and every one but old
White lay down in blankets to sleep
and dream of wealth.
"I guess I'll go and see about my
horsea I'm too nervous to sleep, now
that I know I am near to the biggest
thing on earth," said the old miner, as
he went down the canyon to where the
horses were picketed for the night.
Every one in camp slept like a log.
When daylight came no one could find
A lhite. His horse was gone, too. A
maddened lot of men tried to trail him
but they could not follow the old fel
low in that region for more than a few
miles.
A council was held. It was real
ized that the old man had duped his
followers. For weeks the country
where White had said he had found
his rich specimens was vainly pros
pected over and over. Not a trace of
rock like that White had shown could
be found. About one-half of the par
ty, after incredible suffering, got back
to life and civilisation, and yet despite
their story 100 men started back over
the trail two days after.
Three years later White reppeird
in Salt Lake Clity with Bis Cement
speelmenas as befole ra bla iarb le
and again disappeared and from hat
time to this has never been ba oft
He leat S0O to a Momaom rachmas
of Provoe. Utah, sad never went to get
iterest or vlasipaL The White C.
mesat is. ti ea of the roeot mem
tab mlarJ drms
paet*e-W Aweala ase haet gI
fa! wS~i ,' -' .
SCME A :T IN THE WAX FISURES.
Skliled W, rkmen Kept Iugy -l)ime Ka.
ensull tln, Their I reduc,.
Although wax-works l.ave been a
synonym for uncoutl:ness avd angular
ity ever since the days of Mrs. Jarley,
the men who make them nowadays are
somewhat trained in art, and in the
intervals of their work sometimes turn
out statuettes or decorative pieces of
decided merit. So far as the designer
is concerned, it recl!y matters little
whether his cempo.ition is finally to
take shape in marble, bronze or wax.
He first makes a rough miniature
sketch in modelling wax, then a full
sized statue in clay, from which a
plaster mould is taken and the work
men do the rest. The hot vax is poured
inside the mould to the thickness of
a quarter of an inch or so, backed
up with the remelted wax from old
disused figures. The body is of hol
low papier mache, and the limbs, if
they are to be movable, of wood; if
not, of paper, or if they are to show
when the figure is dressed, of wax.
Finishing the face is the most deli
cate work. The eyes, of course, are
of glass, and the lashes around them
are planted one at a time with forceps.
The teeth, when the lips are to be
opened, are exactly the same as those
used by dentists to replace the natural
ones. Human hair is so cheap just
now that it no longer pays to use an
gora or any of the other substitutes
once employed. The cheap grades of
real hair it is interesting to notk, come
from. Jhina, and are genuine pigtails
in fact. The hair is all black and
straight as a yardstick at first, but it
is bleached and dyed in any tint de
sired, and can be crimped more or
less, though artists have never suc
ceeded in .making it look naturally
wavy.
Designers make a sharp distinction
between the figures used for displays
and advertising and those used for
other purposes, museums, for instance.
"When you work for advertising,"
said one, "the more beautiful and the
less like nature you get it, the better
it is, but for a museum they like it
better the less beautiful and the more
like nature it is." The regular muse
ums have modellers of their own, so
outside houses get only occasional jobs.
Models of freaks, such as two-legged
boys, armless and legless men, or pink
eyed albinos, are among the most com
mon articles made to order. The faces
of public men are sometimes wanted,
too. As a rule this class of business
is looked down upon. "Dime museums
pay dime prices and they get dime
work," said a veteran designer.
The dealers are kept at work mak
infg new designs as fast as the old ones
can be imitated. One house sent out
50 new models in the past season. In
former years, a third or a fourth of
that number would suffice, as 800 or
1000 copies were sometimes made from
the same mould, and sent out to cities
in different parts of the country.
It is not always dime museums, how
ever, that try to get something for
nothing. Advertisers often order spe
cial figures or groups, agreeing to rent
them for a certain length of time, but
leaving them afterwards for the maker
to pay for by renting them again, if
he can. A group showing Faust, Mar
guernLe and Mephi.topheles was once
made for a linen house at a cost of
$800 or more. The first month's rental
was $250. The owner kept it seven
years, and then. despairing of ever
finding any one else who wanted the
group, broke it to pieces. A most elab
orate half life size group representing
Aurora, Goddess of Morning, in her
chariot, was made some years ago un
der a similar contract, and is to be
had now on easy terms. Another man
'ufacturer has on his hands a mammoth
mechanical water lily which is sup
posed to open and shut at intervals by
electricity, revealing a beautiful fe
male within. This has been rented
four times, but it always broke down.
-New York Post
The Deadly Three-Leafed VIae.
A certain little city in Illinois has
suffered so much from the poison ivy
that its city council has empowered
one of its officials to hire a force of
men whose special duty it shall be
to rid the community of the pest. It
is said that at one time there were
300 cases of ivy-poisonlng in the
place.
It seems strange that any commun
ity should suffer to such an extent
from a canse that may be so easily
avoided. It is, of course, the poison
ous vine's resemblance to the Vir
ginia creeper that makes the trouble,
and yet a mere glance at it ought to
show the difference, for the creeper
has clusters of five leaves while the
ivy has clusters of three. Besides,
the creeper bears purple berries, while
those of the ivy are white.
The best way to get rid of ilvy
which grows and runs rapidly, and Is
very, tenacious of life-is to pull it
up by the roots and burn it fa a
field. There are some people that are
not poisoned by it, and the work
should be done by them; and even
they should handle the plant as little
as possible, and avoid inhaling the
smoke when they burn it. They
should wear special clothing for the
work, and wash the hands several
times a day in a solution of sugar of
lead in a weak grade of alcohol, say,
50 to 75 percent proof. This solution
may also be used with good effect by
those that have been poisoned by the
vine.-Philadelphia Record.
Cheap Lt.vina.
The members of the Travelers' club
were telling yarns, when the quiet
man in the corner was asked to con
tribute.
S"Well," said he, "I once entered a
restaurant where they weigh you be
fore eating and then after eating, and
then charge you by weight I had a
good feed and was charged 10 shill
lags. The next time I went I took in
Vmy pockets bricks, weights, old iroe,
spd such like. I was weighed and
thes went up stairs and had the ban
qut three times as big as the last.
I went down and was weighed aga,
btt they couldn't make it out."
Heb pamm.
"Couldn't make what out?" asked
tb club membelrs.
"Why," answered the quiet mUa,
"they owed me tour nel tuppesc'L.
DEVELOPING RECRUITS.
WE TAKE A GREAT DEAL OF PAINS
WITH NEW SOLDIERS.
The Matter of Physical Training Devel
oped into a Business Which the Army
Surgeons Conduct-The Effects of Ex
ercise Carefully Noted.
The nation takes a great deal of pains
with the new soldier. It does not cod
dle him or make him a child of luxury,
but it improves him physically, men
tally and morally by a system of train
ing which develops the worthy charac
teristics of a man and makes him a bet
ter fighting unit. Time was when the
physical training of a soldier was left
to such exercises as the brawl, and
the weakling in the military service got
what muscular development he could by
personal encounter with the more quar
relsome of his comrades. If a soldier
knew anything beyond the necessary
drill of his business he picked it up
himself, and his moral' nature was nur
tured by the chaplain who preached per
iodically and who devoted his efforts
to reclaiming sodden soldiery from the
grogshop pest. That was before the
government established its post ex
change, being the co-operative store and
social club.
In the scheme of making a soldier's
life agreeable to himself and the service
acceptable enough to prevent him from
being a deserter, the matter of physical
training has developed into a business
which the army surgeons conduct with a
good deal of care and thought. They
realize that military efficiency depends
upon the strength, activity and endur
ance of the soldier, and that he is the
better fighting man in proportion to his
bodily vigor, suppleness and ability to
withstand the fatigue and hardship of
long marches and a campaign in the
field.
The recruit is selected, in the first
place, with every consideration of his
health and strength when he applies at
the recruiting office, but naturally many
men who are enrolled stand in need of
further development, and this is a part
of an important and systematic process
to which the new soldier is subjected.
A man who becomes a soldier may have
worked at hard manual labor and may
have developed one part of his body
to the sacrifice of another. He has ab
normal power in one set of muscles and
none at all in another set. Such men
pass the surgeon's examination at the
recruiting office, but they must be put
through the regular course of gymnastic
drill which gives them a symmetry in
development and finally gives to our
troops of cavalry and companies of ar
tillery and infantry that splendid phy
sical apparance which has been recog
nized as the ideal in soldierly bearing
and presence.
The care of the soldier takes the form
of a robust training which neglects no
part of his anatomy and no organ of
his body. The nervous system and the
heart are looked after quite as much
as the muscles of his legs and arms,
and one of the most important of the
physical exercises is that which relates
to his chest and lungs. He is made to
run and walk and breathe-the latter
function being more difficult for new
soldiers than people imagine. In the
British service this idea is carried to
an excess chiefly for the picturesque
benefit of a soldier with a dilated chest.
The drill sergeant makes the recruit
throw his chest out and keep it out
until the physicians say the heart is dis
placed downward, and the result is a
pouter-pigeon effect on a mild scale and
a soldier with'a weakened vitality.
One has but to observe the "before
and-after" effect of a six months' phy
sical training in our army, graphically
shown in photographs kept at Washing
ton, to realize the physical advantages
to a soldier systematic exercise. The
records made- are surprising in many
instances. Some of the men whose con
stitutions early lend themselves to the
training are found, in an incredibly short
period, to have increased their measure
ments so as to be objects of veritable
ridicule. They outgrow their original
clothing, into which they squeeze them
selves to their great discomfort and with
the constant menace of bursting them.
The military authorities make these
exercises as entertaining as possible.
They furnish music whenever it can he
obtained in the shape of athletic meets,
and the officers take so great an interest
in their commands as to provide prizes
for those who surpass records. A part
of the fund gathered by the post ex
change is always used in the equipment
of a gymnasium in which enlisted men
take the greatest pride. In the cavalry,
the animals come in for a part of the
spectacular exercises which are possible
by the combination of men and horses.
The well-drilled troop of United States
cavalry in some of its mancruvres fur
nishes an exhibition which rivals that of
the professional riders of the best
circus in the world.--Collier's Weekly.
Fire-Proof Paper.
Fire-proof paper, for printing and
writing purposes is now manufactured
in Berlin by a new patented process.
Ninety-five parts of asbestos fibre of
the best quality are washed in a solu
tion of permanganate of calcium and
then treated with sulphuric acid as a
bleaching agent. Five parts of wood
pulp, as used in paper factories, are
added, and the whole is placed in the
agitating box with an addition of lime
water and borax After being thorough
ly mixed the material is pumped into
the regulating box, and allowed to flow
out of a gate on an endless wire cloth,
where it enters the usual paper-making
machinery. It is easy to apply water
marks to this paper, which ordinarily
has a smooth surface, but which can be
satin finished, this being more prefer
able for writing purposes. Paper thus
produced is said to resist even the di
rect influence of flame and remains un
injured even in a white heat.
In Memory of a Very Remarkable Poet.
"Dan" Dawson died less than a de
ade ago, at the early age of 38; he was
a modern Admirable Crichton, a poet
of great achievement and of still greater
promise; yet except by those who knew
him personally, how little is he known I
His was one of most remarkably com
posite natures. In the business world
he was known as a successful iron-foun
ider and contractor; he was one of the
finest all-round athlete3 in the country;
an erudite student of literature in gen
eral, with a wonderfully extended ac
quaintance with the poets. The fol
lowing diary of one day of his life
shows alike his marvelous power of ac
aemmllaph.ma sad his epenlv msndn.
In the morning he went to New York
to give instructions for carrying out a
contract for building a creosote factory
in Harlem; in the afternoon the Au
thors' Club gave him a reception, at
which he read his latest poem as a topic
for discussion; then he went to Sheeps
head Bay to see his famous steeple
chaser, Rushbrook, in the race. In the
evening he lectured before a select lit
erary audience on "Norse Mythology,"
after which, before the New York Ath
letic Club, he whipped their champion
amateur middleweight pugilist I-Ths
Literary Era.
MAN AND HIS EVERYDAY LOAD.
Composite Burden Every Citizen Bean
Without Noticing It.
"Man carries a pretty good weight
in these modern times, when you come
to think of it,' said a genptleman whose
mind has an analytical turn, "and, real
ly, it makes a fellow a trifle tired wher
he begins to enumerate the number of
things he is forced to carry around with
him. He is a beast of burden and is
heavily laden. WVe will take him froim
the skin out, and analyze the superfic
ialities which hang about him, and which
are necessary at this time in the history
of civilization in order to give him i
polite standing in the community it
which he lives, and in order to make
him comfortable. One is almost in.
clined to shrink away from the fearful
responsibility of carrying such a load
and yet one must do it if he is happy.
"Here are the two articles which sticl
closer than a brother, and then we find
pulled up around his shins and ankles
two socks. He wears two shoes, un
less he was in the war, and two strings.
are needed to lace them, or twelve but
tons or more, if they are not lace shoes
He wears one top shirt, one collar and
two cuffs. He wears one coat, one vest
and one pair of trousers, and there are
twelve buttons on his trousers, six gen
erally on the coat, and six on his vest
He carries two cuff buttons around with
him, two collar buttons, three shirt but
tons, two sleeve buttons and various
other buttons on his under garments
There is one buckle on his trousers and
two on his suspenders. He wears twc
garters. He wears one necktie, of
sometimes one cravat with one clampet
to hold it in place. He carries one hand.
kerchief in his pocket. He wears one
Ihat. In the winter he must have two
gloves and one overcoat, and maybe twc
overcoats.
"But this is not all. He has a watch
and chain to carry around with him, a
bundle of letters, a package of cards
a plug or a sack of tobacco, or maybe
a few cigars, a pipe perhaps, a knife
pencil and a few other things which
usually make up the pocket outfit, such
as matches, buckeyes and other good
luck symbols. There is leather in hit
shoes, with hair in the soles and steel
pegs in the heels thereof. There is sills
or satin in his cravat or his necktie
and other things in the clothes he wear
There is wool, and cotton and liners
There is straw in his hat. There is
starch in his shirt. There is gold, and
silver and pewter, and other metals is
the watch and chain he wears; there his
brass and bone in some of his buttons
There is tin in his garter clampers and
in the clamper which holds his cravat
in place. There is glass over the face
of his watch, and one may find all the
colors-red, white, blue, black, purple
yellow, brown and almost every othes
tint. He has paper in his pockets
There is rubber in his suspenders and
garters. Paint is found in the figures
on the face of his watch, and polish is
found on his shoes.
"So, after all, man is really a beast
of burden, and when he begins to count
up the more than one hundred super
ficialties he carries round with him
and the vast number of factories he rep.
resents, if the season is warm, with the
thermometor ranging above the roe
mark, he will probably swelter a bit
more on account of the vast load he is
carrying."-New Orleans Times-Demo.
cral.
RAILROAD REMINISCENCES,
First Loeomotive Built That Would Cc
Around Curves.
"The first railroad run by steam,"
explained an old railroad man, "was not
in this country, as many suppose, but in
England, between London and Manches.
ter. This was in x83o. The Baltimore
and Ohio Railroad was running the same
year, but steam was not put in as a
motor until 1831, the cars being draws
by horses. The road then only ran frots
Baltimore to Ellicott Mills. There was
a locomotive, however, built long before
it was introduced in England, being the
invention of Cuynet, in 1769, in France
A Scotchman named Symington invent
ed a practical locomotive in Scotland is
1770.
"Oliver Evans, of Philadelphia, obtain.
ed the first patent granted for a loco
motive in this country. He called it a
steam wagon, but it was to all intents
and purposes a locomotive, and, accord
ing to the Patent Office reports, securled
it in 1787. The high pressure locomo
tive dates back to ISoa, and an improve.
ment on it in 18o3. The high pressure
was applied to a locomotive in England
in ISIt. The Baltimosie and Ohio Rail.
road started off with a locomotive built
to a great extent after the plan of the
locomotive used by the London and
Manchester road, but it would not worn
well in taking the curves. Peter Cooper,
who afterward became famous as a umil
lionaire merchant, candidate on the Pres.
idential greenback ticket and a phila..
thropist, ovecame the difficulty and de
vised and made a locomotive for the
Baltimore and Ohio which would take
the curves of its road. The London sad
Manchester road was perfectly straight
The Baltimore and Ohio is also entitled
to the credit of the first passenger car
-that is, a covered car, the cars in use
then in England being open.
"The South Carolina Railroad was the
first to adopt a locomotive as a traction
power on a long road, a distance of sao
miles, and the first to make a continuous
trip of over one hundred miles. There
was a train run by a locomotive between
Albany and Schenectady in 183r, but it
was rather a primitive affair, ordinary
carriage and wagon bodies being placed
on car wheels. There were, besides, in
this country. several other short lines,
which did all the traffic they c6nduld so.
cure."-Washington Star.
The man who is thrown on his ow
resources should be careful to land o
his reet.
Holland has zo,too windmnills, dat @1
which draina es as ewngp et t ms
a la.,
State Gewrment of Ionislian
Governor-W. W. Hcard,
Lieutenant- Governor-Albert Eato
pinal.
Secretary of State-John Michel.
Superintendent of Education--Johbs
V. Cabhoun.
Auditor-W. S. Frazee.
Treasurer-Ledoux E. Smith.
U. 8. SENATORS.
Don Caferey and S. D. McEnery.
REPRESENTATIVES.
1 District-i. C. Davey.
2 District-Adolph Meyer.
8 District--B, F. Broussard.
4 Distriot-P. Brazeale.
5 Distrit--J. E. Ransdell.
6 Distridt-8. M. Robinson.
£!. 3OUT
COmmCnent,
-
er. W ee romiese mads,
e oharlatanm practied.
Over Oold sand 8fver Med
al, Diploumas e., awardd
us by Amerlea3 and European
xpositlots. Commercial
Course ntocludes pert Acs
eouatlng and Aludit ~i, and
s Oearanteed Higher and
superior to say oeter lI the
Bouth. We own our college
building ad Lavo unequalled
facilities and an uneaeed
*redaeas old eatng positen al over the
w atry. n tt ll personal
-ias_ isi numeros biness loueeuons an
being uivemlyd a reputably k nown. we
a uperior advantages m aMin students t
esestoma t ste wI
trA tore is oemeete with SoaIo College
a whl students do actual bainess with
re roods and actual mou , and they keep
the books ta the latest labor saving forms.
stdetent eater at any Ume. gieisib. Ae
demei. shorthand and Business chools. A
separate faculties. end for eatalou.
TA0O Eh
MissisSappi Valley
iraerond Sat.a l
Unsurpassed : O h ily : Seinlc
NW OBLEllS & EIPHIS,
eooneoting at Memphis with
trains of the Illinois Cen
tral Railroad for
Cairo, St. Louis, Chicago, Cin
cinnati, Louisville,
making direct oonneotiona with through
trains for all points
NORTH, EAST AND WEST,
inoluding Buffalo, Pittsburg, Cleve
land, Boston, New York, Philadelphia,
Baltimore, ltiohmond, St. Paul, Min
meapolis. Omaha, Kansas City ot
BSprngs, Ark, and Denver. Close
onuoaetile at Chicago witb Oentral
Misissippi Valley Bouts, Solid Fast
Vetlied Daily Train for
UIiUOQUE, SIOUX FALLS, SIOUX CITY,
and the West Particulanr of agents
Sf the Y. ML. V. and ononeoting line
W. uma, Dhi. Psi Agt.,
New Orlean
Jlo. A. Solae, Div. Pa: Agt.,
w Corr[pnden~t, allhca o.e. .
- Oooooo 00Me phis.
*. brbe thro yI.or mills
GOINTO AR1:
d lalto stdalabout it in
/Times-uDemocrat :
Covering every item of newa
on land and sea throngja its
ISILENDID SPECIAL SER~iCe
as frished the New Yor
e Amociated Ire nd Stff
SCorsn ants, all in one.
SSubecribe through you newr.
* deae, psaster ordi to *
IIA. 3.E aC
rrarimm

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