STHE BANNER=DE MOCR A4
VOL. XIV. / LAKE PROVIDENCE, EAST CARROLL PARISH, LA., SATURDAY. DECEMBER 21, 1901. NO. 10
L _ V V La d RI fV < A f I I F S * * * * * \ / e . . *e v . . u a w e o nB. -- "m r -~ mll- •- - - - - - - .. - . . - . - - - - -
UNCLE FF'S PROBLEM.
ATE! ere, I've won!"
/ nAay Fareyclapped
hejbands with delight
art with a charming
little laugh 100d roguishly across at
her discomfit opponent. He was.
for the first /me in his life, realisling
that circunrances can exist in which
it Is swee$ to lose than to win.
"You lie, Indeed," he said, slowly.
Then, o ing up and smiling. "Let me
congra te you on beating your
teach, for the first time."
T.Tynk you. Mr. Gibson," she an
w lI lightly. "But I don't believe
y,,vere really trying. Not your best;
to were you?"
I am sure I was; I tried hard."
As they were setting up the pieces
eiady to begin again May expressed,
not for the first time, her great ad
miration for the beautiful chess-table
and men with which they were play
"They are lovely, and you said they
bad a bit of a history." she went on.
"Twice you've promised to tell it me,
but you never have."
"Well, it's not much of at history af
ter all, and it's a subject I don't often
talk about. The fact is they were a
legacy-and a disappointment."
May expressed a natural surprise.
They were indeed a beautiful set.
Ti'ey were made of the finest African
Ivory, red and white, and carved with
The board, too, was unique. Each
of the white squares had in its centre
a tiny portrait of a chess celebrity, and
each of the black squares was made
up of smaller black and white squares
so as to form in itself a complete lit
tle chess board or diagram, on which
appeared either a problem or the criti
cal position of a game won by a stroke
of genius, selected from the work of
the master whose portrait adorned the
It had, In fact, been the perfect love
liness of the outfit as it stood in the
little front room at Ivy Cottage-Mrs.
Gibson's, where she and her mother
were staying for a brief summer holl
day-that had first caught May's eye, t
and prompted a remark about how
much she would like to learn bow to
play. Mrs. Gibson's son, Frank, had
proffered his aid. And thus had be
gun an acquaintance now fast develop
ing into a higher game, in which both
the players may-and, thank Heaven, a
sometimes do-simultaneously secure
a mate. a
Mrs. Farey had that day gone to
town on business, and as It was a
Frank's half-holiday the suggestion to
continue the chess lessons had been n
hailed with delight by both parties.
"A disappointment," Frank ex- t
plained, smiling, "because I was led
to expect a small fortune, and I got
only the chess-table and men and a
"Were you disinherited, then?" Ic
"'Not exactly disinherited. They a
were not my father's, but Uncle Jeffs
-Geoffry Checkem, of Easthampton, tl
the famous problem composer; he was y4
my uncle, mother's only brother. He
was very clever; not only in chess, for a
he carved these himself from his own ex
"A thorough enthusiast himself, he
was very anxious that I should be a m
good player, too. He took lots of trou- th
ble, and taught me to play and do te
problems, though not like him, of ge
"Did you offend him?" asked May.
"I suppose so. Or, rather, he took t
offence; I meant nothing wrong. You
see, he was very eccentric, as so many
geniuses are, especially old bachelors, th
like him. Good-hearted and all that, fa
but terribly eccentric; a regular stick- b]
ler for what was proper, everything at
must be perfect-just so. And that
was where the offence came In. 1
"I often used to go over to his place to
at Easthampton and stay for a few tol
days. This particular time he had fai
just begun carving these men. So be tah
showed me what he had done, and I of
admired them very much. Now, the ale
last game I had played before I went I
over was one at the reading-room, and
In it I had been fortunate enough to m
'queen' a pawn before I had lost my m
original queen. I had been In a fx hax
to know what to use for a second Dr
queen. So, having the point fresh ilin
my mind, and thinking it would please one
the old boy's vanity to have a set to
more complete than any one else, I ce
quite innocently suggested that he wh
should make an extra queen of each naj
color for use in such cases. ro
"HIe ignored the question, aad asked the
in a chilling tone If I had ever seen 8
a. set with four queens. the
"I admitted that I never had. he
"'Or draughtsmen, twenty-six to the a
"1 could not at the moment recall
that I had. of
"'Oh; then, perhaps,' he ran on. oar- t
castically, 'you've seen gloves three to
the pair-or boots? Or a man with pos
two wives? Or a pack of cards with
elght aces? Or-or--' T
"As he paused I mildly suggested
that I had heard of such thlag. That so a
finished It. He Jumped up and went Noi
on like a maniac. mes
" 'You-you--confound yo, you nrv
er have! Two wives at a time Why- Al
why-that proves him not a man bat a mad
maniac. Eight aces! Good heaves! o
Swindlers, sharpers, thieves, sen
drels! How dare yon class mae with e
scoundrels like that?*" witi
"And did he never forgive yoear att
"That's the sirangest part of it mov
After a while he cooled down and said: t
'No. no, Frank. my boy; Meorphy and
Steinits and Blackburne have bess
content to make shift with a rook up
side down for a second quee, if over s
they were lucky enough to need ena. MI
and 1 m sure old Georey Checkeys wlr
can.' And afterwarrds he seemed fmat a
the same as ever, and as kid, We he 0
all thought he had fergettes it, ntil that
be died suddenly and his ri1 wea de
r-ead. He had left me oely tlhe chai I
outfit and a problem, with tihe asltgi their
remark that he left theam 'so that my W35
nephew afoeseild can complete the met bres
by having as many queens as he Ulkie Jsin
t miatch out et his -ow pse ,'* i
'on!" Everything else went to a distant
light "What was the problem?" May in
is at "I'll show you." A moment later he
was. returned with it in his hand. It was
sing ,like an ordinary chess diagram, such
hich as appear In newspapers, only about
a foot square, painted in water-color,
w1. and framed as a picture. "You see,"
t me he said, "the only thing in which it
your differs from an ordinary problem is
that there are no conditions-nothing
an- to say which side has to play, or how
lieve many moves. But I soon solved it.
best; White plays and mates in five moves,
and a very poor problem it is. Not
one of Uncle Jack's best at all; his
eces problems have been much admired."
seed, "Have you had the problem out of
ad- its frame?"
able "I believe I was foolish enough to,"
play- he admitted, "but of coarse there was
on. CHAPTER II.
Seven years had passed away with
af- out adding much to the history of Un
ften cle Jeff's legacy, seven years since
Sa May first beat Frank at chess; six,
since both played and won that dou
Ise. ble-barrelled "mate" that loomed in
set the future.
cn Changes had come. Both had lost
rith their mothers, and Ivy Cottage was
now tenanted by the young folks.
ach But the fair promises of seven years
Atre ago had proved as fickle as the prom
and Ise of an April morning. Frank's em
ade ployers had failed, and perm;anent
work had been impossible to get. Then
lit- sickness had come, first to his wife,
rich then himself, and now the life of their
rit only child hung in the balance.
oke May had followed the doctor to the
of gate to ask his real honest opinion.
the "To tell you the truth, Mrs. Gibson."
he was saying. "he may temporarily
ve- improve but nothing can do any per
the manent good. Except perhaps-well,
In I was going to say a long sea voyage
her and an absolute change-Australia,
olH- and residence there, or something of
that sort. It's the only thing."
w, Shortly after the doctor had gone
to Frank returned and dropped wearily
ad into a chair. May had no need to ask
whether his search for work had been
successful. She endeavored to divert
OtP his attention by a cheerful remark
th about her flowers in the window-box.
en, He answered abstractedly. Then
to "Well, May, did you ask doctor ex.
as actly what he thought?"
t She hesitated. It was for only a
en moment; she was not used to dissem
bling, and she repeated exactly what
the doctor had said.
ed Frank put his teeth together and was
a After a while he remarked: "I went
to Bo-tons; he said he would come and
look at them in the morning. He
ey might give a sovereign, not more; ex
rs pensive chess sets were such uncertain
n, things to sell; he might keep them for
as years before finding a customer."
3e "It's not much," May answered, with
or a sigh, as she realized how dreadfully
rn empty the room would look then.
"It isn't," acquiesced Frank; "but
It's the only move left. What the next
must be I'm sure I don't know. But
u- there," he exclaimed with sudden bit
to terness, "I shall be glad when they're
f gone. I've had nothing but bad luck
since I've had them." t
Now the father and mother were
k taking turns sitting up with the child. a
un That night it was Frank's turn. t
During the first part of the night t
s, the child was restless, keeping his !
father busy attending to his wants; e
but presently he became quieter, and s
ig at last his more regular breathing told
Lt that he slept.
Unconsciously Frank raised his eyes f
:e to the opposite wall; he knew the long
r forgotten problem was there. It was
d faded and time-worn and the frame
e tarnished, but as it hung there a shaft a
I of bright firelight from under the coat
e sleeve was falling upon it and he could
it see each piece quite distinctly. tl
d Presently he found himself mentally p
o moving the pieces, playing over in his a
y mind that solution in five moves he v
Shad years ago dismissed as so poor. T
d Dreamily he went over it a second le
p time. As he did so it struck him that 1
* one of the pawns at the side seemed it
t to be of no use. Strange, that old Un- ri
Sde Jeff who so tenaciously held on to e
Swhat was proper should be caught
Snapping in such a gross breach of the
proprieties of problems as to leave on bi
Sthe board something unnecessary. cl
Suddenly his face beamed as a new la
thought struck him. Suppose It were a
he that was wrong, not his uncle? In gl
a moment he felt the tightening grip bi
of bhis old chess enthusiasm. is
Seeing the child still crept, he drew re
of his shoes and crept down stairs, re- of
tarning soon with an old pocket-board,
long disused, on which he set up the su
position, and again lay down in the bt
Ten minutes passed-fifteen-twenty. ln
He might have been asleep, he was
so still, but his brain was at work. of
Now be moved one of the cardboard is
men, and after a pause slipped it back pt
again. Presently, another. en
At length he noticed that if Black ah
made one particular move, White en
could bring off a mate by a pretty pa
play be hadn't noticed before. He felt rel
he was on the track, and went at it tw
with fresh seat. He went over each sn
attack and defence, tried move after the
move. At last he stumbled upon an- no
other pretty bit of play, and then he pea
felt sure he knew which whs White's oul
wianing move, but there was still one the
Ite of dtefence he could not over- of
Minutes peaed into hours; still be ml
wreatled with It, till at last, all in a
Ia, the scales fell from his eyes and
beha aw clearly the beautiful strategy
that urnercame that one last stubborn of
ded. Yes, e had solved It! et
With the dty returned thoughts of tri
their tnables, but a merry twinkle tha
was la his eye as he told May over as
breakIlat lbow he had solved Unle con
JeS problem at last. h
Uhe leek p .gled. "How do ye PeI
mean?" she asked, "has it two solu
"No, May," he explained, "the rea'
solution is in four moves, so the onut
in five goes for nothing, of course. It'I
a beautiful problem, and terribly dif
After breakfast Frank carefull!
dusted the chess-table and the Ivor]
men ready for the broker's visit. The,
tant he bethought himself and set up his
uncle's problem, and as soon as May
in- had finished washing-up he called het
to come and look.
he "You see," he said, moving the pieces
was as he spoke, "This is the key-move
uch White plays there. Black's best move
out is to take the rook-so. Now comes the
or, difficult part. White must offer his
e," other rook, which Black takes--like
that. Then for move three White
is plays his pawn to the corner square,
Ing so, and claims a queen for it. The
ow original queen is still on the board, so
it. e must put on a rook upside down
'es, and call it a queen."
Not "Why, that was uncle's identical
his fad, wasn't it," May interrupted.
d." "Exactly; and that's about why he
of left me the problem. Spite, I suppose,"
he exclaimed irritably. Then, going
o," on with the problem: "Black's best
vas reply now is to take bishop with king
and then White mates by bringing his
new queen down into the opposite cor
ner-so;" picking up the inverted rook
th- and bringing it down the diagonal as
Jn- he spoke. There was a tiny click, and
ie a little disc of ivory rolled across the
"What's that?" both exclaimed.
Frank turned the rook in his hand
right away. The little circle of ivory
st that had been within the battlements
of the miniature castle was gone. May
was stooping to pick it up when he ex
"Oh, May! look here. There's some
m- thing inside. It looks like a paper
m- rolled up." He shook it, and at last
nt it came out.
en "It sounds like a five pound-note,"
said May tremulously, as he smoothed
out the rustling paper.
he "It's not a 'five,' May," he replied,
very huskily; "it's a 'thousand'!"
,, May never knew after whether she
laughed or cried, or a little of both.
But it was she who recovered first
sufficiently to wonder. "How if we
had used the other rook?"
ge Then there was Frank bringing that
a' down the diagonal, and-yes, another
of click! more picking out, and another
se Meanwhile his wife had discovered
ly that the needles they had used for
picking out the notes were sticking
rt to some of the chessmen, which
rt solved the mystery, for when Frank
collected his thoughts he saw how it!
. was. The pieces forming that par
ticular combination had been drilled
and finished with needle-like magnets.
The two white rooks each contained a'
tiny electro-magnet, and as they
pasped between the hidden magnets
it its soft iron core for the moment be
came a magnet too, drew back a tiny
bolt otherwise held by a spring, and
released the ivory disc. Take away
any one piece from the magical com
It bination and he found the power was
id too weak to draw back the bolt. And
[e the fact that ordinarily a rook never
moves in that direction, or ignominl
an ously stands on its head showing how
r carefully thought out the scheme was
that no chan ce hit should reveal the
Y Two thousand pounds! To them it ]
seemed more than a hundred'thousand I
t would to some. Did it not mean-well, I
no, not the life of their son, but at t
It least the means to try that one thing a
that might mean his life?
e Needless to say, the broker was notI1
6 asked to leave his sovereign. And,.
though years have passed, and the- I
e Gibsons are now respected citizens of m
* our great Australian Commonwealth :
they never tire of showing their bea- t
t tlful chess-table and men, the wonder. I
5 ful problem, and its more wonderful I
Ssolution, letting friends hear for them-.
1 selves that thrilling "click!" which had d
meant so much. Their eldest son,
Frank, is now the strongest of the r
f family.-Waverley Magazine. e
SINSURANCE BY SLOT MACHINE. t
SNeow Kind of Fish Added to the EKy 0
Assumed For a 8small Fee in England. c
SThe original insurance, so far as ti
there is any authentic record, was in e
policies issued from London and after- Ih
Sward from other European cities upon
vessels sailing from European ports. s
The profits were so extensive as to cJ
lead to the establishment of fire in- o
surance. Necessarily, and most prof. c
itably to the interest of insurers, the tl
risks against shllpwrecks and fire were I
extended to include lIfe insurance. h
Now, as that system became per- w
fected other systems of insurance have al
been multiplied so that they now In. al
clude accident insurance, which is a
large and Increasing business in which fa
the United States is far ahead; plate
glass insurance, whereby the risk from M
breakage through accident or design fl
is much reduced, and Insurance on se
rents, whereby those in the receipt ti
of fixed incomes are assured, for a at
small percentage, of the payment of a
such rents during the time when the t
building, if injured or destroyed by P'
fire, may be under process of rebuild. -0
ing or repair. m
Still another- enterprise in the line
of insurance, and perhaps the latest, th
Is insurance for bathers in England.
Penny-in-the-slot machines have been dr
erected in popular bathing places ci
along the Channel. Before a bather do
enters the water he can drop a cop
per coin into the slot and receive in T
return a stamped policy good for s
twenty-four hours. This form of in- be
surance, under the conditions of which
there are "no questions asked," makes
no discrimination against those Inex- in
pert persons who persist in swimming a
out beyond the life lines, disregarding
the undertow, and in attempting feats
of dexterity and strength for which
their knowledge of the art of swim- hit
ming does not qualify them.-Sun.
A Queeno IatewesSt~e Theere. e'
The Queen of Roumania, always tull
of good works, is said now to be inter- t
esting heroaut in the more iiberal dis
tributloa of high-class theatres ,
throughout her domain. She has had Y
a small but most artistlec play house
construected on her castle grounds for e
the benet oft th, district tadm chi
Pekeach. - -
FARMING BY MACHINERY
e WONDERFUL DEVICES FOR PLANT.
INCG REAPING AND SOWING.
SAgrieulture is TeSDay Nearly an Exact
Sc ence-Plowlag by Steam - Devices
SFor Scattering Seed - A Potato Dig
ger is Almost Human.
While inventive genius and modern
r methods have revolutionized the lead
ing industries of the country, the hum
ble farmer, the greatest producer of
them all, has not been overlooked,
says the New York Mail and Express.
Farming to-day is nearly an exact
science, and the man who runs the
farm is thoroughly trained in one of
the many agricultural colleges main
tained by the different States. He is
generally a specialist. If it be dairy
Ing, grass or grain growing that he
follows he is fully posted on every lit
tli detail of his particular line.
Ut must be borne in mind that the
farmer of to-day is not a horny-hand
ed son of toil. He uses steam, electric
ity or horses to do the work that was
formerly done by hand.' More than
that, he lives In a spacious house, con
taining every improvement known to
sanitary science. It is often lighted
by electricity, and he uses one part of
it as an office, from which point, with
the aid of local telephones, he directs
all the operations of the farm.
The modern farmer knows what he
wants to do before he begins opera
tions, and adapts himself to the situ
ation, whatever it may be. He stu
dies the climate he is In, and he knows
what line of farming it is better to
follow under given climatic conditions.
Then he analyzes the soil, which is
a simple thing for him to do, aind thus
ascertains just what fertilizers are
needed for certain crops in that soil.
As for the fertilizers it may be said in
cidentally that the modern farmer
grows a crop of clover, beans or some
thing similar to supply nitrogen to the
soil. Nitrogen is the most costly con
stituent of fertilizers, and clover or
beans will draw nitrogen from the
air. These, when plowed in the soil,
furnish that costly element. At the
same time a crop such as clover rests
and refreshes the soil, which is a nec
essary proceeding, when the land is
If the farmer is situated in the
great grain-growing districts in the
West he uses a portable gngine instead
of horses for plowing and harrowing.
On the level land there the farmer
puts anywhere from six to twelve
plows in a gang and gives the signal
to the engine.-r. It is a poor day when
they cannot plow anywhere from
fifteen to thirty acres.
By the old method a man and team
would plow from one to two acres a
day. The steam engine Is used not
only because of the great amount of
work done with It in a given time, but
because it does away with the expense
of keeping many men and horses on
the place during the slack period.
If the farmer makes a specialty of t
corn he has a corn planter. This is a
low machine, with hoppers on each
side. Seed corn is dumped in one set t
and fertilizer in another. He books a a
team to it, settles back in a comforta
ble seat and is driven over the fields.
This planter drops the corn either in
continuous rows or at any distance
desired by the operator. All he has to c
do is to set the gauge. Two rows are
planted at the same time, or beans can
be planted out of the same machine. o
It will drop the beans wherever they
are wanted, and fertilize both properly
at the same time. Also, if It is desired
to grow pumpkins among the corn,
which is a common practice, this
obliging machine will drop the pump
kin seed at regular distances apart. A
simple corn planter will plant from
eight to twenty acres a day. When
the corn Is ready to be cut a machine
also does that work in the same rapid I
Should the farmer sow grain, he ,
loes It with what is known as a grain ol
trill, which sows the seed In eight ol
rows at 4 time. The grain can be sown tr
tlther In straight lines or zigzag, and to
the machine fertilizes the ground at m
the same time. In order that there in
may be no mistake as to the number
f acres sown in a day there is a
locklike device on the drill, which
:ells how many acres have been coy
red and also the quantity of seed that of
as been sown to the acre.
When the farmer wishes to sow his m
eed broadcast there Is a simple ma- of
hine that he attaches to the rear part aS
f an ordinary farm wagon. This ma- re
hine sows from fifty to 100 acres by ci
hrowing the seed out broadcast, and m
he power to run it is derived from the Ti
tub of one of the rear wheels on the an
ragon. The machine is very simple p
nd looks like a big funnel with sever- of
1 cogwheels under it. go
When his specialty Is potatoes the tw
armer handles them but little, for the se
ray in which potatoes are planted Sy
owadays does away with the l(Id- by
ishioned method of cutting them for Pr
ted. They are cut still, but the cut- sa]
ng Is done by a machine, which sep- of
rates them into quarters, halves, or
ny number of parts, as desired. All
e operator has to do is to throw the
atatoes into the machine and swing cis
rer a lever, and several cuts are lo
lade at one stroke.
When the potatoes have been cut u
ley are dumped into a potato planter, nei
hich is operated by one man, who t
Fives the horses, because the ma
line leaves nothing else for him to f
. This machine marks the rows
here the potatoes are to be sowed. de
hen it opens the row, drops the seed pla
Id covers it with moist earth from a
neath the surface. This is all done be
one operation. It will plant the of
ed anywhere from three to nine ga
ches deep and from ten to twenty- ent
r inches apart. It lis all a matter of hal
glating a machine, which will plant ai
m five to eight acres a day. g
'or digging the potatoes the farmer are
tehea his team- to a complicated- m
king maehine, which is simple 9
ough after all. ThisL is a potato dig- __
r, and it roots the potatoes out with- h
t brutasing oe of them. More tha H
at, it throws the vines and all other t
ab of to one aide and deposits the
tatoes in a pesctly straight row
mben thifs bIs dme the potatoes are
thered up and sorted according to
e, For this operation abother na- Ao
Isa-a potato sorter-is brought into T1
., Tbe Petsto* ape 4umais4 qs the ap
sorter and come out of it separated
into three sizes-large. mediuan and
small. One man stands by the ma
IT. chine and picks out the decayed tubers
as they roll over the sorte:'.
When the farmer goes in for any
set line that calls for th:, transplanting of
oes plants on a large s,ale, he has the
ig. most wonderful machine of them all
to do the work for hi-j. This machine
rn is drawn by horses and is operated by
d- a man and two boys. It. handles to
n.o mato, cabbage, strawberry, tobacco
of and similar plants when they are but
td, little more than seedi'ugs.
38. The plant-setting hechine, for all It
et looks big and cumbersome, and seems
he to be a complicated :affair. receives the
of plants in a hopper. When the team
n- moves off a starting lever is thrown
is over and the machine makes a hole in
y_ the ground. In this it drops the plant,
be scatters fertilizer near the roots, wat
it- ers the roots and draws the earth close
up around the plant more evenly than
he It is done by hand.
d- It sets the plants deep or shallow,
c- deposits a large or small quantity of
as fertilizer and water, and does anything
in the operator wants it to do.
n- It sets the plants into a single row
to without injuring any of them, and
,d each just as far apart as the gauge
of calls for. It will plant from five to
th eight acres a day, and put the plants
ts in the ground as close as one foot
apart. The work done by this machine
me may be judged from the fact that to
a- plant at one foot apart each way calls
u. for the setting of 43,500 plants in a sin
u. gle acre. If only five acres were cov
o- ered in a day it would mean the trans
to planting of 217,800 plants. e
i. - Cv __ ova__
- In Maryland sparrows have been
r known to raise six broods in one year.
e In England there are seldom more
1, than three broods.
s Tasmania's tutors engaged by farm
ors often work with their pupils in
a the fields, notably at a harvest time
and in the shearing season.
A seven-story building in Chicago r
has just been raised with jacks twen- t
ty-one and one-half feet without crack.
laIng a pane of glass or injuring a wall.,
Among the "accidents" reported in c
Austria recently was the case of a i
workman who walked along the road ,
smoking a pipe, with a fifty-pound bag a
of gunpowder on his back!
A strange sight was witnessed at e
Bologna recently. A bellringer at a '_
church was struck by a great bell and a
thrown violently through the window a
of the tower on to the roof, some fifty 'j
feet below. He escaped with nothing a
more than a shock.
The initials of the owner are some
times used as a monogram carved on ,r
a piano nowadays. Formerly the man- a
ufacturer's name was placed in a '
prominent position on the Instrument. p,
To-day it is relegated to comparative
obscurity, and a monogram, crest or J;
coat of arms is its successor.
One of the strangest botanical curl- s
ositles in the world is the "wonder
wonder" flower found in the Malay
peninsula. It is simply a blossom,
without leaves, vine or stem, and
grows as a parasite on decayed wood. o0
This extraordinary flower is something th
ilke a yard in diameter and has a glo- th
bular cup in the middle with a capac
ity of five or six quarts.
In seasons of drought the natives of of
India seek to delay hunger by giving th
bulk to their food in unusual ways.
The ground bark of the Kherja tree Is th
safely added to flour in the proportion be
of one to twenty, and a ground stone dt
of Jalpur, containing a somewhat nu- s
trltious oily substance, may be used
to the extent of one part In four. These
materials impair digestion when takem
The small half-French and half- o
Spanish Republic of Andorra, which P
lies In an almost Inaccessible valley "e
of the Eastern Pyrenees, possesses a P
charter of rights dating from Charle, an
magne, in 790. There is but one way
of getting to Andorra from France, ant
and that is by the River Bollra. To
reach It from Spain you have to be the
carried down by mule over one of the Idr
most dangerous footpaths in Europe.
There are six parishes in the republic,
and the whole contains about 0000
people, the territory covering an area t
of 148 square miles. The republic is
governed by a General Council of to
twenty-four members, each parish apj
sending four, and of this Council the
Syndlc, or President, is chosen for life m
by the Council. The Syndic, being
President of the republic, receives a
salary of $15 a year, and the members l
of the Council are paid $7.50, dr
Realism tr umrrya At.
In some parts of Europe. and espe
clally in Italy, it is becoming the fash- 4
Ion to erect beside the graves of rela- f
tives and friends monuments which
will express in a most realistic man
ner the sorrow of the survivors, and
a few notable works of this kind have
recently been fashioned by sculptors A
for some of their wealthy patrons.
A characteristic monument of this
description Is the one which was .
placed a short time ago in a cemetery
at Genoa, and which represents a hbus
band sorrowing beside the death bed
of his wife. It Is the work of Signor ad
Saecomanno, a well-known sculptor, Ho
and it is pronounced by those who
have seen it to be a masterpiece of its
Some of the np-to-date monuments
are made of marble, but others am
made of cheaper and less durable ma
terial. On all of them grief isrepu.
sented by hard stern facts 4ad not, as
heretofore, by symbolical gures.
Hope, however, is not eliminated, and
though angels and wreaths are re
aarkable by their absece, they are
replaced in a measure by more mpd
mr conceptions of imortaUty and
ails in the life hereafter,
A womau asa 15-y.s ueIso alU statb,
The total length of hair on an amc,
.of MOHAIR GOWNS.
tho Mohair is very fashionable. This nice,
all firm, yet light-weight material is stun
Ine ning, especially in navy blue, and a
by pi etty gown of this material boasts three
to. crossway-stitched folds, each fold two
eco and a half inches deep, and placed half
but their own depth apart and narrowed up
either side the front to the waist.
ma A JAUNTY LITTLE COAT.
the A little bolero, possessing the novel
am feature of crossing over and fastening
wn on one side, is composed of black peau
in de soie, lined with white Oriental satin,
nt, and overlaid with coarse old ivory Ital
at- ian lace, the rounded collar edged with
se insertion to correspond, set transparent,
ian between the tucked satin and a pleated
frill The sleeves are bell-shaped to
ow, the elbow, and terminate in more lace
of and kilted satin.
THE SOURCE OF WOMAN'S
nd A beautiful skin without any blem
ige ishes comes directly from good health,
to and the first step to health and to a
its beautiful skin is to get and keep the
)ot blood pure. The whole blood system
te is like a gorgeously colored Venice with
to red waterways, and little boats hurrying
1ha to and fro. The latter carry two kinds
In- of messengers, market boys and scav
)v- engers. If these are both trained to ac
as- complish their work every day then
health and beauty are assured. If the
blood is clear the skin is sure to be
clear-Ladies' Home Journal.
GOWN OF MERCERIZED SATEEN.
A smart gown is of mercerized sateen
in deep blue, rather brighter than navy.
and with a running or much scattered
pattern in white. It is sufficiently ornate
with flat lace kept to the edge of the
en skirt and with the bodice ornamented in
ir. similar style. With this frock a narrow
re vest in white or a pale color is becom
ing, as it breaks a wide figure. The
edge of the sateen could be scalloped
n- and laid over the shoulders.
In When the bust is very full, a deep
ie round or square collar which meets in
front is most becoming. Sateens and
lawns made with unlined sleeves and*he
;o neck of the lining cut down a little make
a- the coolest of summer gowns.
I. AN 'ACCOMPLISHED PRINCESS.
Princess Henry of Battenberg, sister
- of King Edward, was one of the ex
a hibitors at a recent art exhibition m
d Ryde, Isle of Wight Her picture was
g an oil painting of Egyptian ruins, and
was greatly admired. Princess Beatrice
is possessed of many talents, being an
it excellent actress, it is said, and a fine
a musician. Mme. Blanche Marchesi has
d said that her accompaniments were
never better played than by the princess. I
7 A story is told of a celebrated musician 1
g wh% while visiting at Windisor Castle,
was asked his opinion of the playing of
one of the princesses. 'Madame, you
play like a princess !" was the diplomatic
reply. Princess Beatrice then played
and solicited a verdict. His answer
on this occasion was: 'Madame, you
e play like an artistr'"
r HER NERVES AND HER HATS.
A writer in a medical journal has t
lately advanced the theory that women's
heavy hats are responsible for women's
jangling nerves and proverbial quick
The popular impression has been that
the man who paid for the hats was the
"one whose temper suffered; but it seems
that large hats weigh too heavily upon
the fragile feminine cranium and affect
the blood vessels and nerves and
through them, the brain.
Moreover, according to the writer, the
effort to keep large and heavy hats at
the right angle impose a parlous strain
upon the nerves of the wearers. The
theory is advanced in all seriousness.
but the chances are that it will not in
duce any normal man to cut off her hat
HOW FASHIONS ORIGINATE. fa
People are always eager to find out
who originates the fhshions, and every e
one knows that they emanate from P
Paris, the centre of taste. To create a
new style is of as great import to the
Parisian dressmaker as the building of
an empire, and ad much thought is
given to it as to the adjustment of some
international question. o
The dull months, or, in other words,
the dead season, is the time when the b
dressmakers and manufacturers put their te
heads together and decide what is to
be or not to be. There are lengthy r
conferences in the bureau of the "pa
tron," or head of the establishment, for
wrhile an autocrat he is open to sugges
tions and willing to adopt any that
appear practical from even the humblest ha
Ssource. However, certain styles pre- f
snmably created by such important
house s as Doucet, Paquin, Francis and pI
others are by. no means invariably form
ulated in their ateliers. There are hun
dreds of fashion artists, both men and
women, who conceive novelties and sub- T
mit their sketches to the supreme pur- d
veyors of La Mode, who accept or re- s
ject them according to their fancy. To d
keep a style too long in vogue is bad
for trade; it does not tiake the wheels to
go round. Change is necessary for ut
c ommerce.--Coa tes De Montaigu, in d
Worms's Home Compadion to
CALLING ETIQUETTE AT WHITE en
There are four ladies, and four only,
in the world that Mrs. Roomevelt is
uander say official obligation to call upon
-Mrs. Grant, Mrs. Garield, Mrl QCleve
land and Mrs. McKinley. Thee four la
ladies, uas former mistrises of the White
House, are expected if they should on
isit Washington, to call immediately at He
the White House before making any mc
other visit whatever, and in the case of eni
Mrs. Grnt, who lives in Washinston, car
she i epeeted to call, with the same wa
pomptess -ujpo the incoming lady of brc
e White .House~, and that incomaig ant
lady mut loe no time in reuninga this got
crmiaui visit. Other wom -thein
sters mad daughters of Praid eu- ar
have .presi~ ever the White H ,ou wa
sbut the satus of the wife of the Fresi- gle
det is very diferent from that of any ou4
ther lady of is family who may pre- did
side over his o iaal home. It is asia
astauts regulated byl a simple but iLnor. yoa
ble law, set oly of eti~est, but of an
amttm anod wuaV ha. . .-..bs nr
the White House who has ever broken
the unwritten laws which govern her
position. There is probably no situa
tion easier to fill, as far as mere techni
cal observance goes, than that of the
wife of the President of the United
States. She has a set of simple, of
ce, ficial duties, as hostess of the White
in- House, to perform. If she is ill, or feels
a unable to perform them, she is readily
ee excused.-New York Mail sad Express.
slf FADS IN NECKWEAR.
up Neckwear is always an important con
sideration to the well dressed woman,
and the shops recognize its prominence
by the extensive, varied and most at
rel tractive displays of novelties intended
rg for the stylish and becoming adornment
iu of the neck. Neck pieces, which com
in, bine stock 'and tie, promise to' retain
ii- their popularity during the late summer
th and fall. Importations of exclusive Par
it, isian neckwear show a decided inclina
ed tion toward their adoption for autumn,
to the designs being carried out in the fin
ce est French fabrics, embellished with the
exquisite handwork of - the French
needlewoman. Ambng the imported
stock and tie combinations linen lawn
has been extensively used in all the deli
cate shades, pink, pale blue, lavender and
h, buff. The turnover and ends are daint
ily enriched with drawn work or effec
ie tively finished with a narrow border of
i contrasting' color. A stylish tucked
th stock comes in lawn of various tints. It
is made with a turnover of lace, border
Is ed with a narrow binding of the lawn.
. A tie, through the centre of which runs j
, insertion, as in the turnover, is attached s
to the back. It is left long enough for a
e the ends simply to cross in front, where
they are held in place with a brooch.
The Ascot in mercerized cheviot, in
plain white colors, and in colors with
white strips, is a fashionable style of
feminine neckwear. The preferred form
of arranging these Ascots is by simply
d crossing the ends in front.-Cleveland
e Plai Dealer.
MIRRORS AS GOOD AS MEPI
A woman's vanity not infrequently
e acts as a health'tonic and saves her
a from serious illness if not from prema
ture death. A physician with long ex'r
p perience in some of the principal hoa.
a pitals of the country declares that a
mirror--one of those that flatter the
e user-is sometimes of more value than
an entire medicine chest. "I began my
career," he said recently, "by serving C
several months as an interne in a Pitts
burg hospital. It was the rule there
that no ward patient should be allow
ed to have a mirror of any description,
and you might rake every ward in the
hospital with a fine-tooth comb without
finding a piece of looking-glass as big I
as a postage-stamp. I
"One day I was passing through a H
certain ward and stopped beside the bed J
of a colored girl, whose face at that S
moment wore the most lugubrious ex
pression I had ever seen on a human M
being. I took alarm instantly, and began T
to study her condition.
"'Why, Elsie,' I said, 'what in the
world ails you ?'
"She cried then in earnest. 'Oh, doc
tor,' she said, 'if I .could only see my
self I'd get better, I know I would.
I haven't looked in a glass for a month.
The girls try to tell me how I look, but
I know they are fooling me. I'm sure
I must look a great deal worse than
they make out. If I don't, why won't
the matron and superintendent let me .
have a glass?'
"I went right down to the office then
and spouted out the piece of advice I e
had had stored up for so many weeks.
After thinking the matter over they de- e
cided to allow Elsie to cultivate the ac
o.na:ntance of her own features once 0
.noe, and when she found that she did
not really look so deathly ill as she had
imagined she began to mend and con
tminued to improve steadily. So I give
sick people, especially the women, a
mirror when they ask for it"-Chicage
Carved pearl buttons are used to quite
Straps of gold and silver form the
fancy high belts that are so popular.
Plain lace effects in stockings are not
enough so they've been combined with
There are plenty of short jackets of
fur, and very pretty they are, too, and
more useful for some purposes.
Velveteens, which are to be so much
worn this winter, show various widths
of rib and come in all colors.
Beautiful Empire belts are made of e
black cluny lace traced in gold and fas
tened with odd, jeweled buttons.
Large, flat, openwork buttons have
Srhinestones set in black metal. It goes
to show how much black and white is
to be worn.
Soutache braid is to be sued largly :
this year, and is to be seen on many
handsome frocks. It is always a stia
tactory trimming; there is a certain re
inement as well as style to it which is
Rather an odd boa, and a pretty one,
too, is of two kinds of net fastened with II
long loops and ends of velvet ribbom.,
The one net is of black with small, white
dots not strongly marked, and the other
is of white, with much larger chenille I1
dots. The eEect is very good.
Bead buttons, that is, some small but
ons covered with a congregation of mim
ute beads, are among the latest intro.
ductions. So are the embroidered but
ons, square in form, and velvet once
with fleur-de-lys, and other motifs in s
embroidery. Any paste but'ons and, in
deed, almost any jeweled buttons, especi
ally in the mouyeau art style, find favor.
One Way of Owing a DIAmond.
A young man who works in a Chest
nut street store bought a diamond ring aL
Some time ago. He was to pay for it
on the installment plan, $1S5 4, month
He made the first payment and the dia- D
mond was ilivered to him. At the
end of the first month the collector
cme around again. The young mam
was broke. Finally he went to a pawn
broker, bhorowed $S * the ring and
pid the colleetosr In three weeks he
got the ring out by paying $Sdgp Thea -
iAnother week the desb w crmm e 5
-ound nai. Our mere tle ring -
npaswed Theu it bkcame a st-rp
i foreth youq mau to get tih ril g
-t in time to pawa it pan, but he ~
id. It haes now been featr matbs
ince e duiramod was purchased. T&
roung als is paying doable ireas
State Goveormit of Loaisial.
he Oovernor-W. W. H, ard,
ed Lieutqnant Go ernor-Albert Esbt
te Secretary of State-John Michel.
Is Superintendent of Edacation--Johb
ly . Caithoun.
Auditor-W. 8. Frasee.
Treasurer-Ledoux E. Smith.
U. S. SENATORS.
Don Caferey and S. D. McEnery.
1 District-H. C. Davey.
t Distrit--Adolph Meyer.
8 Distriot-B. F. Hronusard.
4 District-P. Braseald.
S Distriot-I. E. Ranadell.
i District-S. M. Robinson.
Xe". mal.e 1 o..o5 made,
no ebarltala lraetioed.
OUr JSGold ad Mes MNed
m e els_.award ri
j . I, America acu uropea
Cealrse hlaes Eud q A
SpealmZes 1 all over the
Seeres eseseetens and
* dua iw ui y known, we
adenat s te
dh I utiNlueeaae imeynd they kep
U e L a se lalr et alesr trle.
Snie asa lme. tie hre Aso,
s du laetiaead mosta.a mu * SehONSp. A
rA 00 faSinok e
nsurpassei d :DY : Senric
NET OILEIS& IEIPHI S,
soneotilg at Memphs with
traeis of the lliaoi Gem
tral Railroad for .
Cairo, St. Louis, Chicago, Cin
king direct eonneetions with through
trains for all poiate
NORTH, EAST AND WEST,
tiolading Bltalo, Pittsburg, Oleve-'
land, BostIe, New York, Philaddlphia,
Baltimore, ilehmoad, t. Paul, Mia
seapolhie Omaha, Xansas City, Hot
Bpsmag Ark., sad Denver. Olose
eoameeties at a hiage with Central
yDai nrtore, Solid Fet
IlUrNe SUX FALLS, SIOUX CITY,
and the Wet. Particlers of agents
of the T. £M. V. a d eoaeinag lines
Wr. Miumi, D1 P Pa. Agt,
Jwa A. Sow, Dlv. Pa Ag.,
A. . same, i . P. A.,
W. As maemI A. . P. A,
: TEE NEXT THING TO :
" GOINO WARI
Is Xt I ae aabou it n
: Times-Democrat !
* * every items of news
, as furnished the New York E
* WoJrd, New Y· o Joes, e
* sewodestmsll i. t.
THE GRET TRTIII IJIl
Noorth and South.
Sonly ske.rou te to
.ub.h,, St. Loul, Clhio. (,nm Cti'
sad all polnts
NORTK, EAT AID WEST.
Oily direot reteo in
Jmarm, Vihtjab fg, Orlaem
h"- a.l possints Tes. sad tihe Sothv
l eao*** k LO s. aird Ohisas d
he bsen sleets te spniosa te
A t k Aum..M E.r . ,c,
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