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The Banner-Democrat. (Lake Providence, East Carroll Parish, La.) 1892-current, January 04, 1902, Image 1

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THE BANNER=DEMOCRAT.
VOL. XIV. LAKE PROVIDENCE, EAST CARROLL PARISH, LA., SATURDAY. JANUARY 4, 1NO.
illii~ ] . ll• i i ii- - _ V C ~ · lii•i I II~ lii i Il ni-iiin ,.II r LIIT· • l
THZ SONS OF LIFE.
One must eing of the sunn',in; Ore ma't sing oe motan;
One must sing o th r O:e mi.lst sing of the minta;na
One must sing us the so : oi joy, Or:e rst sing us the Roe'z of Tove,
And one sing woe's relrmin; ,-,. orne il hate'., shrillVk"-;
Yet in the end all the o::Il bI: benD Y w t th b g s-ies
In one harmonious ,rj:. Li cue grand harmony.
One must sing of the f,':l're. I.me and hate and compasion,
With licns and fcarine rifr) ýcrew and right and rvrape
One tr.usht ir.g o the mitv e a,- I'? and future ar.nd war acd-peace
Its drea:min, en'd ii- sarrfe-- J'se in an anthem st-rong,
Yet they will mnert in a chord full swee:- Ai all will gro.,- a: they ebb and fiov,
The marliou3 song of life. ¶iu ,ifti unctaaii'g ·v1i.
--Ba~timoe Americaa.
TUE lAROONING OF CAPTAIN SUTTILEBURY.
By R. E. Vernede.
"-"5" * - ".' 5 ' 4t\ ,
M ISS JOAN RYE was hav
ing the last hat pin run
through the floppiest of
Shats by her maid, so that,
quite plainly, she was going out to
brave the sun.
She rose as graceful as a panther.
and full of spirits, and went out
swiftly and silently Into the park,
taking care to evade any other of
the Wattle House guests who might
be about.
The kennels were in quite the op
posite direction, but then Miss Rye
had a passion for the iwaterside, par
ticularly this morning, when the sun
was so riotously hot, and the mere
sound of the swish in the reeds would
be cooling. Also, nobody ever went
down to the lake in the morning. She
would be alone and unpestered for
once.
Captain Suttlebury could bestow his
insufferable attentions upon the
bounds. She laughed aloud at the
thought.
It was understood, as such matters
generally are understood, that Miss
Rye was the destined bride of the
Captain. He was ugly. vulgar, and
one of the wealthiest of landowners,
so that he could marry anyone he
chose. And his choice seemed to be
Miss Joan Rye.
"Beauty and the Beast." as Lord
'attle remarked to his distant con
nection and temporary private secre
tary, Mr. Dick Maynard, anent this
affair.
The young man nodded.
"I hope she'll refuse him," he said,
frowning.
"My dear man," said Lord Wattle,
"how can she? Lady Wattle gives
me to understand that Miss Rye and
Shuttlebury have fixed it up, kindly
making my house the base of opera
tions. He's a vulgar little brute, and
he'll flutter around till ;he's worn
out. Then I shall have to congratu
late him."
Maynard shut his mouth at this
feeble-minded view and busied him
self over his work. He spent a rest
less night trying to devise disinter
ested schemes whereby Beauty might
be saved from the toils, and woke
early and angry, with a conviction
that a secretarial post precludes one
from undertaking the duties of a
knight-errant.
He went down to the lake (because
In the morning nobody ever went
there), got a rod from the waterman,
end, having punted himself across
to the shady side, fixed the pole in
the reeds by way of anchor, set b!s
float running, clinched his rod in the
bows, and promptly fell asleep among
the cushiqns, with a pipe in his
mouth.
That is why the following th!ngs
came to pass when. about half an
hour late: Miss Joan Rye came down
to the boathouse, followed at a dis
creet distance by the irrepressible
Captain Suttlebury, who by an ill
chance had marked Miss Rye's direc
tion, and had not therefore taken the
trouble to inquire of her maid as to
where she might be found. The Cap
tain was feeling uncommonly sulky
and spiteful, knowing he had exerted
himself for some days past in a man- I
ner that "no woman was worth,"
without marked success.
Meanwhile Joan came to the water's g
edge. A shimmering heat-haze lay
lightly over the lake, making dim
t':? further shore under the hill,
whose Imminent pines would, as she I
knew, throw the coolest shadows, and
all among the rushes on either side 1
of the boathouse the coots winged I
a flustered escape at her approaching.
Some white swans, too, oared them- t
selves off shore after the fashion of a
shocked dignity. The waterman was t
nowhere about, and Joan had to un- c
moor her own craft. She had fixed 3
on a Canadian canoe, and, having
seated herself, made away with I
broad, gentle scoops of the paddle, re- r
joicing in her liberty and her soll
tude. p
8he had disappeared into the haze
beyond Captain Suttlebury's view p
before he was ready with the punt in
whleb he meant to follow. And on
the other side of the base things a
were happening of which Joan's first ii
intimation was this: Towards her, v
Sfrom the opposite bank, came an ap- t
parently unoccupied punt. It came U
erratically, with slow Jerks and t
terves to left and right. A stout e
pike-rod wans fxed In the bows and J
bent almost to cracking. o
"Some one must have been fishing J
from It," thonght Joan. The float a
was Invisible, but the tant line and t
twisted reel showed her what was u
the matter. The fisher must have
gone ashore and a pike hooked him- h
self In the meantime. How annoyed
the man would be! And then- d
"WhVy, It's Mr. Maynard!" she said,
aloud, quite suddenly. "Asleep'!"
She had wanted solitude, but some- a
how was in no way vexed to come
or a man. Otherwise she would not 54
have dlone what she did. That was to t.
gzddle up to tha punt and step aboard. n
She took up the rod and freed the b
zcel carefully. tc
"Wlhat a splendid fish It must be!" s
-he sa!d, feeling It delicately as she it
r·~edl in a litle. It must have been
Ila s'porting Instinct that was aroused, t
'a3 she forgot her canoe and her de
Slre for solitudl., and began to play cl
t-e fsh. i4
nw,. t:ke is hot the -'mrest of
tm:nag tt: ,t sw.:-, but even'a pike n!
will toate some stru.Z,'. and this tI
was l; one. loan reeled in, and
thie lki a'ralste-l, anl tile punt rocked A
Mn an dow. t'roenlr from P m
hav- in which he and Captain Suttlebury
run i ere exchanging pistol shots acrosa
t of a pocket handkerchie:-all for the 1
that, love of a lady-Dick Maynard awoe i
It to and rubbed his eyes. The girl was
stadiug at the far end of the punt, I
thcr, with feet firmly planted, tense In
out every limb, and bcautriully balane- 1
ark, Iig the heavy rod. She had not I
r of called out for assistance, or begun C
light shaking, as some women do in their I
excitemeut. He could Imagine aer t
op- lips quite firm and curved, and it s
Rye piqued him that he could only see I
par- her back, and the back, curled clouds h
sun or her hair. c
were "Can I help?" he said half unwill- h
ould ingly. t
enut She answered without turning her 8
She head.
for "Have you got the landing net?' c
"Yes." b
his He went forward, and she held up t
the the pike nearer the side. She was a o
the little breathless, but talked without a
allowing her attention to be distract- Ii
ters ed from the business on hand. n
dfiss "You owe me a pair of gloves, Mr. e
the Maynard. Fast asleep-aren't you A
and ashamed-only an hour after break- n
ers, fast?" p
he "Was I really asleep?" tU
be "Were you?" a
The pike was head up, trying to t'
,ord furrow the tops of the water with t
eon- his narrow tail. Maynard made an c
cre- effectnal dive with the net, the fish n
this shooting away to the right.
"Ahem! Good morning, Miss Joan." t'
They had both been so wrapped up h
aid, in their fishing that they had entirely g
failed to notice the approach of Cap- h
tle, tain Suttlebury in the second punt, s
ves and at the very moment that he sent tl
and the nose of his punt into theirs May- n
idly nard had the tail of the fish in the n
?ra- net. o0
and "Well?" said Joan coldly. ii
orn Maynard had relieved her of the r
Ltu- rod and was reeling up the slack of it
the line.
this "Well?" repeated Joan, tapping her
im- foot.
est- "Er-I supposed I'd find you on the ne
ter- lake," said Captain Suttlebury. te
ght "You were looking for me?" as
oke "Of course; it was Just as well I n
Ion found you." th
one "Perhaps," said Joan. "It made me te
a lose a rather large pike." I
Captain Suttlebury was dimly con- to
use scious from her point that he was tl
ent expected to apologize. But that was th
an, not his way-on the contrary, he felt fe
oss that he had a right to demand an tip
in apology. so
1!s "I do not Imagine," he said in his ci
the pompous manner, "that your mother m
ing would approve of this sort of thing." in
his "What sort of thing?" in
"Fishing with one of the s---" es
i Hs He had meant to say servants, but cl
an caught Mtynard's eye. w
wn "Perhaps," she said meekly, "you Pe
Us- are right. You are so often right, lI
cle Captain Suttlebury, aren't you? And bt
111 in any case I ought to consider it he
ec- luck in a way that you came, oughtn't o0
he 1? because my canoe has drifted off, be
to and Mr. Maynard has lost his pole, Pr
1p- and we might have been left here in be
ky the middle of the lake for hours." di
:ed Maynard froze up. Nothing would ar
in- have been more lucky, to his way of Pa
h," thinking, than the contingency men- st'
tioned, but he Imagined Joan was Im
r's making her submission. So did Cap- SI
ay tain Suttlebuk, and he assumed a
im conquering pose.
ill, "Lost his pole, has he?" he inquired,
he loftily. th
ad "Yes," said Joan. "It is stuck In the be
de reeds. You can almost see it from ee
ed here." ca
ig. "Then, Mr. What's-his-name," said ca
m- the Captain, turning towards Mayn- It'
of ard, "you can take my punt and fetch to
as this pole back here. After that you wt
m- can go. Miss Rye and I shan't need is
ed you, d'ye. see?" na
ng He held out the pole belonging to Ti
th his own punt as he spoke, and for a me
re- moment his fate hung In the balance. thi
I1- then Maynard puts his hands in his ca;
pockets and turned to Joan- inj
ze "Am I to understand that is what ye:
w you wish?" he asked, stilly.l
in "Please do." she said. sol
on Because she wished it, he stepped wi
gs across on the other punt, disregard. 1-0(
at lug even the supercilious smile with see
wr, which saptain Suttlebury handed him the
p- the pole. Then, without a word, he dee
ae pushed off. As the gap between the ing
id two punts widened to a yard. before be
ut either of the two were aware of it,
Id Joan had taken a tnmnieg leap from
one to the other. She was beside
ig Maynard now, and the gap : d grown gir
at a gulf of a dczen yards, and the Cap- coz
id tain's smile turned to a stare of di ow
ns may. inj
re '"What the-what are you doing?'" spi
n- he stuttered angrily. ane
d Joan settled herself composedly ho]
down among the cushions. ow
d. "Marooning yof," she said. wl
"Maroo-maroo-what do you are
t- mean ' cat
"e "For bad manners on the high litt
at seas," Joan explained affabzy. "I am be
to the. pirate queen of the iake this a
d. morning, and any one displeasing me ae
e has to suffer. Your punishment is so
to swim ashore or else wait until Lie
" someone calls for you. The pole is a
ie in the reeds, remember, in case yor ae
a want it, and don't forget lunch is at Tis
3, two. Good-by, Captain Suttlebury!"
p. She waved her hand at him mis
y chievously aad beckoned Maynar4 to
pole on. to
if "You are sure you wish Itr e kM
e asked, anxiously. "I don't think he's ml
is the sort of man to forgive It" dw
d "That Is what I hope," she gg. adI
d .nd at that hie had no more scerples. C
n was tast as row ana alai)s, " rati
Jcas, ':o. I'm sure he's using bat
Iangu .Ze n(.w, and l've been insulted
enough for one morning, And I anr
so vexed to have made you lose tha;
pike, Mr. Maynard."
Later in wie day Captain Suttlebur3
was observed by the waterman anc
rescued, but that was not until after
lunch, and everyone was curious tc
know what had become of him. Not
. :.ing the spirit to confess his dis
comfiture, he decided to leave Wat.
an. tie House by the next train, which
he did, much to Mrs. Rye's grief.
Later in the year-much to her moth.
.cr's horror-Joan maried Lord Wat
tie's private secretary.-The World's
E--encs.
Former Landecape Gardening.
i\ much fear that Washington's land-.
scape gardening at Mount Vernon
with his mock oranges and French
Swillows and English yews that he no
doubt intended to cut and trim int
>ury preposterous shapes, would to us
rosa seem very much like somebody trying
the to play a Gregorian chant on a spinet.
Ioke He writes to Governor Clinton, of
was New York, thanking him for some
unt, balsam trees, and speaks pleasantly
In oZ the grapevines which the Cheva
me- lier de Lucerne has promised to send
not him from France. The entries in his
gun diary in 1783 show him to be planting
heir Ivy, which, I dare say, some one
ner brought him from Kenilworth, and
It which, with true English persistence,
see has alone survived to our day of all
ads his planting. Elsewhere he has re
corded his settings of a greenbrier
Ill.- hedge, interspersed with hemlock
trees from Occoquan, and then he is
her sowing "holly bushes In drills."
In those days it was necessary and
r' customary to go to England, where
beauty was still worshiped according
up to its perspective, for that which was
s a oldest and best, and for many years
out after the American Revolution we Im
;et. Itated England in our gardens much
more servilely than we did in our lit
efr. erature, andm the early plaisances of
rou America no doubt reflected the de
ak- mure beauty of Thompson and Cow
per - Cowper, of whom Taine said
that he looked at a tree and argued
about the immortality of the soul. It
to took us a long time to learn that it
iih was an affectation to trim our log
an cabins with English Ivy and try to
lah make them look castellated.
Since Washington Irving died, and
n+" took the Hudson River school with
up him, floriculture in America, like a
l3y great many other things, has put on
ap- her seven league boots. If Irving
at, should come back to Sunnyside, or a
ent the great chief after whom he was i
ay- named should return to Mount Ver- 1
the non, they would know their places
only by the sacred decay. Veneration, 31
like the hand of death, has sta!d a
the ruthless progression. - Country Life t
of in America.
ier The Fussiness About Health. I
One wonders sometimes whether the i
the new fussiness about the body really :r
tends as much to human happiness i.
as the old ignorance or stolid resig- ;r
I nation. It certainly increases greatly ':
the objects of fear, an! every fear'
me tends to impair the serenity which is ?
thebase of happiness. It also helps a
M_ to keep alive the feeLle, who are often 'r
in the way and who do not improve ,I
,as the race, and it very decidedly .inter
elt feres with that "even flow of promo- ir
an tion" which is almost as necessary to ,
society at large as to the army or the +l
tls civil service. There is, too, some di
ier minuation of courage, however slight,
in facing risks, and a great increase
in that habit of self-pity which Is apt,
especially with the frail, to enfeeble ;t
,nt character. Upon the whole, however,
we fancy'the result Is beneficial, es- `
on pecially to those at the two ends oq
bt, life. Children are not anly happier:
ad but positively better for the new
it healthfulness secured by scieqce-an
u't opinion which will be indorsed, we
f, believe, by every manager of a good
le, preparatory school-and to the old the
l benefit is indescribable. They will d
die as, of yore, though later, but they I
id are spared half the old aches and
of pains, so that "eherry old age" in
,- stead of being noticeable Is the com
as mon and expected condit:on.-London
p- Spectator.
A dNotable Brldgle Feat.
,l, In the transportation of logs from
the heart of the California timber
he belt to the mills, an important engin- a
m eering feat has been accomplished. A
canon on the south fork of the Ameri
Id can River had to be traversed, and as
n. It was 1000 feet deep,it was determined
eh to build a steel-wire suspension tram
Du way. The distance across the canon fo
ed is 2850 feet. Between the two termi
nal towers the space is 2650 feet.
to Two parallel cables span this Im- E
a mense gap, without support between;
e. the towers. On these cables runs a lK
is cage conveying a car capable of carry
ing 3000 feet of green, and, therefore, I
at very heavy, timber on each trip. The 'th
tower terminals are anchored in the fa
solid rock, supporting the cables, on sh
ed which, over the canon of a depth of co
d. 1000 feet, where the river's course an
th seems like a rivulet, passes to and fro of
m the skeleton iron cage, running on we
Se deep-grooved trolley-wheels, and carry. th
ie ing its enormous load of green ti.- clel
re b~r with great apparent ease. K
It, lit
m Th Blelsngs of Flowers. Ibu
le There is pleasure in seeing our pretty If
'n girl acquaintances wearing at their'by
p- corsage the violets or tea roses of our dr
a- own raising; there is pleasure in deck-f rl
ing our elkrly visitors in the modest I mi
r' splendor of lavender, purple, blush is
and white sweet peas; and there is a th
ly hopeful optimism that comes to the gr
owner of a garden when she shares it an
with the boys and girls whose homes ty
u are bare of all beauty. Hopeul be. an
cause they are so grateful for the w.
h little breast knot of flowers; hopeful, Al
n because even that little thing wakens pu
Is a love of the good and the beautiful, ev
e and then to better things. The one ar
Is so *a'tunate as to have a garden is W
I blessed with the means of conferring th
1j3auch happiness and doing a vast of
Sanltag; ot real good.-Los Angles
imt s iT
River of Many Nases.
SBefore the coming of the whites su
to America the Mississippi River was eqi
Sknown by a different name every few on
miles of Its course. Each tribe that it
dwelt along its banks are it a name, i
L and more than thirty of thess locsJ ,.
I L deslgu ons are preserved in tlhq na n'
DISPOSING OF THE WEEDS.
t lbhe majority of farmers di-pose of
Stheir ,'eeds by throwing them into the
t. pig pent. It is an easy way to dispos:
j of them, especially if the weeds ate
r. green, Lut if matured and full of seeds
t. there is no surer method of distnbuting
e. weeds over the farm, as it is from the
ii:; :ure ht!p that many farm, are so
well stocked with weeds. Of course, ti
the manure is allowed to thoroughly
decompose many seeds will be dec troycd,
l" but there are hundreds of farms on
I which the manure is spread on the fields
before it is decomposed.
TANNING SHEEP SKIN'S WOOL
First scrape off the fat. Take equal
pa ts alum and salt, add water and cook
to a pa-e. Spread the skin out care
fully to keep the wool clean and rub
:l:e paste thickly over the flesh side.
Fold: together, roll up for a day and
next day rub over it more of the pasty.
Rep-a' this a third time. After it dries
aut ,crape off the salt and alum and
rub it soft. Use no oil on the skin. It
,ay then be colored any shade desired
and will make pretty mats for the floor,
-arri.gc or baby's go-cart.
~URING A SELF-SUCKING COW.
A writer in Hoard's Dairyman says
hat to break a self-sucking cow is just
as easy as milking, and five cents will
areak a dozen of them. Get five cents
worth of capsicum at the drug store and
provide yourself with a small pepper
aox; fill it part ful, take it with you in
;our pocket; when done `milking, having
::e te:ats perfectly dry, sprinkle the cap
oicutm on the teats and throw it in the
soft hair on the bag and flank, repeat
:vcry time you milk and oftener if you
ire where the cow is.
Should you happen along at the time
he cow is sucking, hold the box over
er nose, and shake out a little. It often
:imes takes quite a while to cure such a
:0w, but the dairyman will win out in
imne. Always watch the cows, because
:hey will attempt it four or five months
ifter, and more particularly when lying
lawn, calving.
ISOLATE THE STOREHOUSE.
Usually when a farmer's barn burns I
ais tools and wagons go with it. The
iverage farmer uses his barn as a store
louse. It is wise to build a storehouse
separate, and at a safe distance from all
ather buildings, large enough for ali
iarm tools, wagons and machinery. Hay
'itraw, shavings, oil-soaked clothing or
tther combustible material should not
Se al!lwed in or about it. Such a build
ng should he built on level ground
should have a good roof and doors op
:ning the full length of the front. It
should be about 24 feet wide and high
Inough to take in the threshing machine,
an(l with room enough to admit the
widest binder or horse rake between the
posts. At present the better class far.
ner has a binder, corn binder, drill
-nowing machine. rake, tedder, bean
'lanter, bean harvester, roller, potato
jigger, weeder, plow, harrow, cultivator I
Ind small tools almost without number,
got to mention wagons, sleighs, etc. All
these things should be kept in a sep- ,
rate building by themselves.
THE SEED BED.
I prefer to consider the seed bed t
about eighteen months before seeding U
time. T'his may seem odd to some peo- s
dle, but forethought is better than after- t
.l.ought, and often saves much labor. S
T'he first thought and consideration in t
:he preparation of the the seed bed ii t
when I seed the land to cover. I do
:he very best to get a good catch. Then
i mow it but one season and then turn
it under while yet in prime; I turn un
tIer this clover sod with the greatest
care and plant with corn or potatoes
This crop gets all the tillage I possibly
:an give it and thereby increase the crop C
and increase the available fertility of a
the land and at the same time I am
preparing an excellent seed bed for my s
fail seeding. In fact, after the corn or b
potatoes are removed, a little harrowing e
will prepare the land for the drill. I o
save very much labor and horse power
and can produce more bushels to the 5
acre at considerable less cost per bushel d
than I could when I plowed the ground 1
especially for wheat. Plowing is a slow, b
laborious and expensive operation, but P
if rightly done, one plowing will suffice s
for the whole three year rotation-corn, d
wheat and clover.-L W. Lighty, in The It
Epitomnist.
KEEPING THE COW STABLE
CLEAN. o
At a recent Canadian institute one of r
the speakers said that in the spring and o
fall, when cows are in the stable, it *
should be kept clean. Clean all dust. c
cobwebs and other filth from the walls a
and ceiling, and then give it a good coat u
of whitewash. The health of men and tl
women depend largely on the health of h
the cow. Her health depends on the v
cleanliness of the place she is kept in C
Keep the stable clean, but do not clean C
it too near milking time. Feed nothing 4
but pure, sweet, clean, wholesome food. e
If a taint or flavor in the milk is caused
by the food, it will be worst when it itI
drawn from the cow. If caused by some a
fermentation, it will grow worse as the P
milk is kept The remedy for the latter
is cleanliness. Use scalding water in all h
the utensils. Such foods as brewers"
grains, distillery slops, Swede turnipa
and tops, rape, sour, mouldy silage, mu'
ty meal, cleanings from the horse stable
and hay or grass having had smelling
weeds, are prohibited from being used. t
Allow cows access to plenty of goo t
pure water and salt at all times. In ri
every too pounds of normal milk there "
are about 87. pounds of water, so you i
will readily see that the conditions oi
the milk depends largely upon the kiind
of water the animal gets to drink. g
HUSKING CORN BY MACHINERY n
Corn husking machines have teachc4
such a state of perfection that a fars
equipment is hardly coaPlete without
one. To make the corn easy. to handle ai
it ought to have bees cat widt a corn a
binder. On the comuon farms of he i
.orthwest, where the carn acreage doe- a
not exceed fifteen to twenty acres, two tl
or ihnp inssrs mp r a ipwrhrghip a
and own one of these machine,.
The corn ought to stand in shocat
about thirty days and stalks be wel; a
dried out before husking, or there will
he trouble with the feed s:toiling. The
husker can be run with horse power.
but second-hand stea:n engines can of
ten be cheaply bought and furnish thet
best power. Three m:en with two teams
wil generally haul all that can be put t
he through the husker. The feed being cut l
Jup very fine will not urn water and
te must be kept under a good room. Scat- C
CS tering a few handfuls of salt over the n
'g heap as shredding proceeds makes the
he feed more palatable and adds to its keep- v
t" ing qualities. :
L' Some stack the stalks before husking r
y but the best way is to husk directly from T
e'!" the shock, thus saving one handling anl h1
On bringing the bundles to the machine in &
ds much better condition. Corn cut in time Lt
with a binder and put through the hus
ker. will make a feed equal to common i
L hay, besides picking out all the ears, o
ial thus making a double crop, and which is I
ok easily handled with these machines. The "
-e- feed is fed out with a basket, being too u
ub short to handle with a fork.-American n
le. A.4griculturist. t
t. WHEN TO MARKET OLD HENS. T
.es
ad Old hens usually bring the best t
I. prices in the early fall and winter, but r
ed old roosters do not pay for the labor is
)r. and cost of sending them to market. t1
By old roosters I mgan all males that I
have fully developed their combs and e
wattles. In selling off the stock in the 1l
fall, I send only the small stock and 'e
ys the fat hens that do not lay.. I never :i
st sell a laying hen, no matter how old Sf
il she is. If she is a producer, I consider :
ts her worth her keep. '
Od 01l liens sell as well as pullets. By >t
er this I mean hens a year old or older. 11
to The main point is to have them fat. as If
ig that covers all other defects, provided :h
P- they are healthy. Never send a sick h
le fowl to tsarket; it may die on the way s
at and serve.to depress prices by casting it
)u suspicion on all the others. When the r
weather is settled cold, the fowls may tl
te be shipped alive or dressed.
er Hens that are only one or two years
n- old are termed old hens when they :lt
a are really young and in their prime. )t
in Hens that are known by trial to be 11
se good layers I never discard for un-.h
is tried pullets. Because the pullet is pre- ca
ig cocibus and begins to lay early is no c
indication that she is a good layer; she h
may give a good account of herself :
for a short time and then become un
as profitable. I always cull out such and
te they go to market or to the family
stew kettle. I market my fowls when Ti
I am sure they are not mak:ng a
P1 profitable return for time and money
expended. This time is usually between
August I and January t. as prices are Ii
r generally better at that time.-Geneva h
March in New England Homestead. it
d TWENTY YEARS WITH LAMBS.
i After working with sheep twenty
It years a writer in Orange Judd Farmer ;
:n concludes that to raise early lambs for
e, market one must begin with their grand- ,I
Ie parents, selecting one must beshrdlu
te parents, selecting the best ewes each
r- year until the desired number is obtain
1 ed, and breeding from a well'-bred and u
n well-developed ram not over five yeal s
:o old. Give the ewes goon care before s
or lambing, providing a dry and warm cov--h,
r, er, plenty of good hay and a little grain 10
11 or roots, being always sure that they :o
get plenty of good water every day.
By careful watching, the ewes about :ie
to lamb can be separated from the re
.nainder of the flock and penned by in
themselves. Extra care can then be'rei
g given, increasing their food and pehaps ':h
t separating some of the weaker ones until ,i,
the lambs are strong enough to shitr tnt
somewhat for themselves. In case of .f
n twins, experience teaches that it is best be
to leave only one for the mother to care tre
o for, unless she is an unusually good in
n milker. When the lambs are about two ro
n weeks old a creep or pen should be lu
Sopened for them. This is done by leav- pl3
ting one or more openings large enough au
,o admit the lambs, but not the sheep. wh
n the creep or pen place a trough high blt
p enough so the lambs cannot get into it ,
,f and all have free access to it. in
n Keep in the trough meal or grain of c
Ssome kind which the lambs seem to like wil
r best. Potatoes or roots cut fine and cov- thn
g ered with meal will soon be eaten by the po
I older lambs. :he
r As to the best feed, growers differ. kes
e Somne prefer oats, other feeding mid- up,
l dlings or meal. I suggest a variety. the
j The lambs will then eat what they like *r)
best. In this as well as other enter- as
Sprises good judgment is necessary, and. an
e success awaits only those who study the wh
,disposition and habits of both sheep and asl
Slambs. sa3
Bu
How the Curfew Started. the
" he origin of the curfew is lost . sa
obscurity. The word is, of course, de- .
(rived from the French; "couvre feu," cd
Sor "cover fire." Rev. George S. Tyack .ta
t writes in denial of the theory asso- but
ciated with William the Conqueror,
· and says that the old story at one time
t universally accepted was that William -
Sthe Conqueror, fearful of plots among :h"
Shis newly vanquished subjects, in-the
e vented and forced the curfej as a by
check to such schemes, and it has t,
come in consequence to be often ter
quoted as a badge of servitude and an tyl
emnblem of tyranny. An
SIt is quite evident, however, that ch
the great Norman was not the origin- ot
ator of the idea, and although he was wa
Sprobably the first to make it a generaldof
law int England. it is more likely to noi
have been a useful precaution against chn
fire than an attempted prevention of ani
rebelliop. -.C
There is evidence that a curfew bell svi
was rung at Oxford in the days r.I dec
King Alfred, nearly 2oo years before the
the Norman invasion. The history of at
that city states that the custom of for
ringing the bell at Carfax every night fo,,r
at 8 o'clock was by order of King Al- t
fred. who ordained that all the inhab- lal
r itants of Oxford should at the ring- r
ing of the bell cover up their fires and ti~
go to bed, which custom is ojserved e
to this day." di
The enforcement of the curfew was t,
no hardship. At a time when practicald- pe
I ly no one but the clergy could read mi
Sand write, whent the amusements olft
aI ll classes were chiefly outdoor sports,!;t
:and when every one began the laborgieo
a of the day almost at sunmrise, there was 
: little of any tyranny in the coampuleoryt,
cessauti owork at eigat, while in[
Sthe nature ao the case all reeaton' ~
oaIe at 5a rk--Yeotb'e Cogmpa s ie
VIRGINIA'S NATURAL TUNNEL
!; aid to be as Interesting a Curiosity as
!) the Natural Bridge.
he ;aid to Be as Iihteresting a Curiosity
r s the Natural Bridge.
i. While the tourist comes from afar to
it iew the Natural Bridge, and carries
a .way forever photographed on his
utlemory the stupendous spectacle, yet
ut he natural tunnel of Scott County is
j f onceded by most people who have
ct. en thepn both to surpass the bridge
lc n grandeur and sublimity of scenery.
e The tunnel is situated fourteen miles
vest of Gate City. Stone Creek, a
:onsiderable stream, flows through it,
g mnd at high tide rushes along its cav
.rnous bed with a noise resembling
, he heaviest thunder. The tunnel is
n about one-eighth of a mile in length,
Snd curves in the form of a letter S.
;t its southern entrance it is very high,
he noble ceiling bending gracefully,
s orming a circular dome, as Smooth
and regular as if hollowed out by the
i land of art. From this point it grad
sally dim'nishes in size, the roof com
I ng down till, at the northern entrance
t reaches to within thirty feet of the
;urface of the water. The northern
leclivity above the tunnel is irregular
mnd presents little attraction except its
it )old and rugged height, but the south
.t :rn side fully compensates for all de
ir iciencies. Here a perpendicular wall,
t. ilmost as smooth as polished marble
mt nd as white as alabaster, rises 400
d ect high and curves in such a manner
he hat to one looking up from below the
d regular rim presents a complete semi
*r :irc!. In the spring time the summit
d if the wall is fringed with green inter
,r wined with honeysuckles. On the east
irn side Chimney Rock, an irregular
y )ut perpendicular columtn, rises from
r. he bottom of the chasm to the level
s fi the plateau above, standing clear of
d he wall from base to summit. The
k ridge through which the tunnel extends
y s covered with a heavy growth of
g :imber. and a public highway, leading
e romn Clinchport to Rye Cove, passes
y tlong its crest.
The Virginian and Southwestern
s Railroad has been constructed through
y :he tunnel, and presents, perhaps, the
1. nly instance of a railroad running
e hrough a natural tunnel. Owing to
.he curvature the railroad company
lad to tunnel through the angular pro
cction near the northern entrance,
e hus making a double tunnel.-Scott
f ,ounty Leader.
I THE SMILE CURE FOR BLUES.
Turn Up the Corners of the Mouth, and
Melancholy Departs.
r A well known doctor of Minneapolis
Seho has made a specialty of nervous
e liseases, has found a new remedy for
a he "blues." As no drugs are admin
atered, he has felt safe in experiment
ng with at least half a hundred mel
lncholy patients, and now declares
ismnsclf thoroughly satisfied with the
Sood results of his treatment. His pre
icription reads something like this:
"If you beep the corners of your
nouth turned up you can't feel blue."
I'he directions for taking are: "Smile
ceep on smiling-don't stop smiling."
it sounds ridiculous, doesn't it? Well,
ust try turning up the corners of your
mouth, regardless of your mood, anul
see how it makes you feel; then draw
:he corners of your mouth down and
2ote the effect, and you will be willing
:o declare there's something in it.
The doctor treats his nervous pa
:ients to medicine when necessary, but
when the case is one of pure mel
incholy without bodily ill, lfe simply
recommends the smile cure. He has
:he patient remain in his office and
smile, if it isn't the genuine article, it
must at least be an upward curvature
:f the corners of the month, and the
better feeling follow inevitably. Thse
treatments are followed up regularly.
I and the patients all testify to their
rood effect. It takes considerable per
suasion to induce some of them to ap
ply the cure, and, of course, the greater
numbtr of patients are women, for
when a man 4s blue he is bound to be
Sblue in spite of everyth~pg, but a wo
man is more easily persuaded to try to
mind a cua~.
I The doctor declares that if persons
will only draw downa the c6rners of
their mouths and use sufficient will
power they can actually shed tears. On
:he other hand, if they will persistentjy
keep the corners of the mouth turned
up, pleasant thoughts will chase away
the gloomy forebodings. His discov
ery grew out of an experience in his
own home. His wife was of a nervous
and rather morbid temperament, and
when in a despondent mood he would
ask her to "smile a little," until the
saying came to be a household joke.
But it brought about good results, and
then came the inspiration to try the
same cure on others.
The doctor has not patented his rem
edy and it is free to all who choose to
take advantage of it--Minneapolis Tri- I
bune.
The Origin of Petroleum.
The majority of French and Russian
:hem:sts support the inorganic origin
(theory which regards the oil as formed
by the condensation under pressure of
gasses liberated by the action of wa
ter on metallic carbides (just as ace
tylene is now commercially produced).
American geologists and German
chemists, on the other hand, favor the
organic theory-that is. that the oil
was formed directly from the remains.
of animals or plants. Some of them,
notably Hofer and Engler, the German
chemists, consider petroleum of purely
animal origin, whereas others believe
-rrtain types, such as the oil of Penn
sylvania, for instanice, to have been
derived (rom vegetable remains. At
the meeting of German men of science
at Munich in 8Igp Kramer brought
forward the view that petroleum is
formed by the decomposition, under
pressure, of the wax at the bottom of
lakes and seas, which consists 'of the
remains of diatoms. He called atten
tion to the fact that infusobrial earth
exists in beds of enormous extent in
districts where petroleum is found.
During the discussion of Kramer's pa
per Engler admitted that some oil
;might be formed in this manner, but
stated his bylief that the majority of
it was derived from the submarla de
compositimn of rsh. The probabiity
I that petrole m is of both saimal and
vegetable origin.
Al Q~p. a ordinaryJ ~N ess~.aof
John Bull is still buying horses in the
tUnited States for cavalry remounts in
South Africa. He knows serviceab!e
animals when he sees them, and he
knows where to get them.
The Nebraska State game warden has
forbidden the farmers to fight the grass
hoppers with poison, saying that the loss
of birds and game is too costly a price
to pay for the destrqction of compara
tively few insects.
Over King Edward of England iiangs
the menace of death by cancer-an old
enemy of the Guelphs, and one against
which modern medical science is impo
tent. There may be a prolongation of
days whose every hour is anguish; but
no cure.
The Yellow River, in China, may be
likened to the vacillating murderous
kings of history. Twenty-two times dur
ing the last century it has changed its
course, and during that time its floods
are said to have killed eleven million
people.
Brock, in Holland, is the neatest town
in the world. So tidy are the people
that they won't allow horses in the
streets. It contains a population of a,
700, and the chief industry is making
cheese. Even the cows that furnish the
milk are not allowed within the town.
,rs. E. D. Gillespie, Franklin's great
granddaughter, who died in Philldel
phia the other day, and who in personal
appearance and in many of her intellect
ual characteristics greatly resembled him
used to say: "No gentlewoman can be
a real gentlewoman who cannot sex
well."
I
South Australian apples are now sold
in European markets at from five cents
to ten cents each; choice ones even high
er. The apples are packed and shipped
in small, long boxes containing too each.
They are wrapped separately in tissue
paper, and are packed in wood. wool and
the leaves of corn hunks.
Another "American invasion" of En
gland has begun. this time by the watch
trade. An American finn, it is said, has
contracted to deliver 2,ooo,ooo watches
in London during the next twelve
months, the Americans having underbid
the Germans and the Swiss. The order
is said to be the largest ever given.
To study leprosy Dr. Louis Knapp,
of St. Louis, Mo., has undertaken the
sole care of a Chinese leper in that city,
and will be isolated with his patient un
til the death of the latter releases him.
The doctor parts with his wife and four
children indefinitely, and assumes his
charge in the hope of disovering a rem
edy for the disease.
Chicago has named a new park Mc
Kinleyv Park. It has an area of forty
acres, and along its southern edge an
ar:ificial hill has been built up, the only
elevation for nearly a mile around. In
one corner of the park a wading pool
has been made and near it a large swim
ming pool, about eight feet deep in its
deepest part.
The earliest maps of America are said
to have been discovered in the historic
Castle of Wolfegg Wurtembc:g, by a
professor of geography, Father Joseph
Fischer. The maps bear the dates of
15o7.and tSt6, respectively, and art said
te be in a remarkable state of preserva
tion. The first is believed to have been
drawn under the supervision of Colum
bus. The find is considered the most
important of its kind in modern times.
A number of philanthropic London
vegetarians have opened several mam
moth kitchens in the slums of the En
glish capital. It is the purpyse of the
originators of the scheme to supply
whblesome vegetable and cereal food to
the poor of the great city at nominal
cost, thus eventually teaching these peo
pile what is, to the vegetarian's enlight
ened minds, the proper way of living re
spectably at a small cost.
Professor Dexter, of the University
of Illinois, who has studied te effects
of weather on morals, finds that the de
sire to fight rises with the thermometer,
but stops at eighty-five degress; wilts
after that as the mercury rises. Assault
cases are therefore commoner in sum
mer than in winter. Drunkenness, how
ever, lessens with summer and inereases
with the coming of cold. Suicides are at
a maximum on bright days with a high
barometer and increase as the wind
rises.
Englishmen are congratulating them
selves on the invention by one of their
countrymen of a loom which automatioc
ally removes the shuttle when the yarn
therein breaks or is exhausted, and esub
stitutes a full one. A loom of this char
acter was invented in the United States
some time ago-in fact, tyaoo of these
have already been sold, but, natusaly,
the English maniufacturers are grateful
for the chance tc use a loom of British
make. It is further believed that the in.
vention can be applied to ~ooo out of
the 8~5o0oo cotton looms now at worh
in the United Kingdom.
Men whose position in the business
world gives their opinion weight have
said of late that a college education is
of doubtful aid to success. The Chic
go Ilter-Oce.s arguing adversely, r
markls "If all the men, in this montr
could be shaken up in a box and en
drawn out at random the odds againi
drawing a college man would be oc
hundred to one. But if all the mean wh
have done something of note ina the v.
rious walks of life could be so shakes
up the odds a. drawing a college mar
would be mose than even. The old
adage 'Ipowledge is power,' was navesr
nmore strikingly demonstrated than b
these figuresm The mem who are ma
ing the United States to-day, ad those
who ae doeeruninag its future, are lar
ely de prodacts of its eorrge. 7he
young mm and women who satwe
eeesingeafltrr eiho ub~rr a vIM.*· td
~ibs 3.p~st r~ hem,.'lr
State GoteIt of Loiiana.
Governor-W. W. Heard,
Licntenant-Oovernor-Albert Est.
pinal.
Secretary of State--J.ohn Michel,
Slnperiuteoudetof Eduoation-Jobs
SV Ca*houn.
Asditor-W. & Fraese.
T:eseurer--LedoU E. Smith.
U. 8. BENATORB.
Don Caterey and S. D. MoEnery.
BEPESENTATIVK.
1 Distriet-I O. . Davey.
I Distriot--Adolph Meyer.
f District-R. F. Broussard.
4 District--P. raseale.
5 Distriet--Jr. E. BRasdell.
6 Distriot-S. M. Robinson.
-
sis.oM emm o, smwer
r We owe our college
beileing md L.&e aseUsoalled
tise mad as smagezor led
e endoss d lIset tdesas al nv the
mo, ZSteasesrUl p s ooss . o.
. egg a gi5e& $d for eetlognsue.
SMississippi VaS clley.
feal seeleed asetwa mousy. and taey keep
Unsurp ed : Dally : Serdi
eonn~ettan t Mepk-,
th r a tIs lamI he rllisai Oms.
atsalts. asod for octal ne.
C-Iro, St d Louis, Chioago, Cin
inUnsurpassed : Louisville, : ice
easkinet dirog at Meonephtona with trug
traits for all points
rORTH, EASY AND WEST,
inolading Bufalo, Pistsburg, Cleve
land, Boston, New York, Pbiladelphia,
Baltimore, Richmond, St. Paul, Mie.
aespolis. Omaha, Kansas City. iot
Bpaage, Ark., sad Denver. Close
conaeotone at Chicago wuitb G(entral
Misilstira Valley Boute, Solid Fast
Vetibed Daly Trinsa for
moraine SWx FALLS, 1I9 CITY,
and the West PartleHare of agents
of the Y. & i. V. sad suneetlag line
Wu. Xunaa, Div. Pas. Alt.,
New Orleans.
Iwo. A. Soorr, Div. Pasr. AgI..
Memphis.
A. >. ahsss, Q. P. A.,
Chiaesgo.
W. A. rmasm, A. 6. P. A.,
Leansyella
* "
: TEB NEXT TEING TO :
"GOINSTO WAR:
a
: o l news. t 
* Wr0ld New og e
o Wocrised Yrsv me t J *, a
SICoIwnspondents, un ope. *
S s- t Mpth :
: dealer, pm aser. rord o
STuHE TIMESr.DEIOSrAT, :
* sew essas,. ta. a
NoOOOhOanOO OOO OO
0~ro . Lees, wans. a wlte
Nd and Trad Souk
Oslydirest rss artso
AT me5·Dml palate
Double Daily Tralas
last TIRe
i 01. an CriCae.
1mm cty, Ak Leafs ad i
s ngreglasip mesrtsetmavd l

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