Newspaper Page Text
THE BANNER=DEMOCR AT.
VOL. XIV. LAKE PROVIDENCE. EAST CARROLL PARISH, LA., SATURDAY, MARCH 8, 1902. O.21
VOL.., •IY LA( PRilllCE •AS lIRCL 1A H lA. lAUDY MRH 192 II nil
JUST LIVE THY LIFE.
Just live thy life in full eontent,
D)o all thy beat with what is sent,
Thou but receivest what was meant,
Just live thy life.
Just live thy life. Be not in fear.
The strength of wrong shall disappear,
And the right 1i ever drawing near.
Just live thy life.
Just live thy life. Seem what thou art;
[Nor from simplicity depart,
And peatce shall come uton thy heart.
Just live thy life.
-James Lenox Stockton, in Boston Tran
BY WILLIAM FMRrsta BRowx.
After having alternately teased and
petted his neighbor Peggy since the
days of their mutual babyhood, Jack
Barstow awoke one evening in Mrs.
.atheinhart's conservatory to the as
tounding fact that she had grown up,
and that he was head over heels in love
with her; and, manlike, he made an
iflmediate mess of things. Hence the
little note in Peggy's handwriting
which he had read until he could al
most repeat its contents backward.
''Dear Jack," it said, "please f6rgive
me for being angry with you last night.
I think the music and my new dress
it was a dear, wasn't it?-must have
turned your head a little. You are not
in the least in love with me-that is,
not in the way you think; the idea of
suddenly falling is love with your old'
comrade whom you have known ever
since she wore short clothes is posi
tively too funny.
"Don't get grumpy now, because I
won't be absurd enough to think you I
are really serious; but when you have
smoked your after dinner cigar, and
become my usually serene-minded Jack
again, come over tonight and take me c
to hear Sembrich. I've got tickets. d
"P. S.-Of course I like you, but not s
In the way you mean; for Jack-now, C
don't get wrathy-it's all very well n
for one's dear old chum to golf and o
yacht and play at being a lawyer, but b
my husband must do different things D
than those-things for which I shall
reverence him as I do those knights ti
'who were always ready to strike a
blow for the weak and helpless without C
thought of self. We have robbed too a
many orchards together for me to see
any halo of romance encircling your
head, you old goose." d
"That's just like Peggy," said Jack, a
contemplating his office table dejected
ly. "Expects a fellow to be a sort of
modern Sir Galahad, rushing around c
slaying impossible dragons. It isn't
my fault that I'm not a wonder. I
pulled every wire I knew to get out
of Chickamauga and go to the front,
but I couldn't work it, and I can't
.,rag people in -lere to be clients. What
can I do? "
The empty office offering no sugges- II
tion, Jack grasped his hat, and light- e
ing the considerately suggested cigar, n
departed. filled with gloom. t
His quick, athletic stride carried 1
him swiftly up Washington street, and, ,
heedless of his course, he turned in- a
stinctively into Temple place, prelim- i,
inary to the shortest cut across the 2
Common that led to Beacon street- c
and Peggy. He would not wait until t
As he rounded the corner he collid
ed sharply with a small newsboy rush- n
ing in the opposite direction, who. c
yielding to superior force, shot head- C
long into the gutter, his papers flying e
broadcast over the muddy street. a
With a quicK swoop Jack seized his a
luckless victim and set him on his 1
feet. "Excuse me," he said gravely, t
to the small boy, "I am very sorry." l
The diminutive boy dug his grimy 0
fists into his eyes to conceal the tears c
ano said, with a gulp: "I'd orter seen
yer coming." a
Jack stared down at the much be
freckled face. He had expected a vol- S
ley of recrimination such as he had I'
heard from small newsboys before; a
then, perhaps on the principle that r
misery loves company, Jack's heart s
warmed to the smaun boy.
"Look here youngster," he said sud
denly, "did you ever have a real bang- '
up dinner-turkey and cranberry sauce
and fixings? No? Well, come along; '
you're going to have one now. Never
mind the papers; I'll buy 'em. And
by the by, chappie, since we are going
to dine together, what's your name?"
"Mike," answered the boy-"Michael
The head waiter started forward
with a frown at the muddy and dilap
Idated figure of a small gamin who,
with much are air of a suddenly
trapped young 'fox, was preceding Mr. b
Jack Barstow into this world of pro- e
prietles and appetising odors, of spot- ,
less linen and shining silver.
"It's all right, Barnes," said Jack, a
'"the boy is with mae." c
"Turkey," said Jack to the impas
sive faced waiter; "much turkey, and
cranberry sauce, and pie-unlimited
Jack stopped abruptly, a flicker of
red creeping into his cheek.
From the table behind had arisen the
murmur of feminine voices, ending in
a perfectly audible exclamation: r
"Positively indecent," said the voice,
"to allow that dirty little street arab t
in here; there are places, I should sup
pose, more fitting than this for prac
ticing that sort of charity. I really
believe I shall speak to Barnes and
have him sent out."
Jack's jaw set grimly. He hoped
the object of it would not understand,
but the boy rose hurriedly and reached
for his cap. Street life sharpens youth- t
ful eyes and wits.
"Sit down, youngster," Jack com- g
manded; "nobody's goinag to hurt you," t
and rising, he turned toward the oc
cupants of the table.
"Midam," he said, with grave delib
eration-Jack Barstow was famed for
his manner-"l beg you will accept my
assurance that this young man, whose
unfortunate appearance is due in part
to my carelaemsns, has shown by his
demeanor that he has the soul of a
gentleman; also, madam, he is my
"Mr. Barstow," she said, charmingly,
calmly turned to remme his seat, just
ta time to coafrost a y~ro lady with
asias ob s sad 'rkgU Ur. A i
young lady who, at the first sound of
his voice, had risen from a seat at a
far table and come swiftly forward.
"Mr. Barstow," she said, eharminly
persuasive, "will you not introduce
me to your friend?"
"Peggy!" sald Jack softly. Then Mr.
Barstow rose to the situation. "Miss
Cunningham," said he, "allow me to
present my Mriend, Mr. Michael Swee
ny; Mr. Sweeny, Miss Margaret Cun
Mr. Sweeny made a wisd clutch at
his head, forgetting that his cap was
no longer there, als expression a cu
* rious conflict between awe and ad
miration as the lady bent toward him
with a winning smile.
'I am glad to wnow you," she said.
"Mr. Barstow is a very old Mriend of
mine; in fact"-Miss Cunningham's
checks were crimson, but her head was
0 bravely erect-"he has asked me to be
his wife, and I am going to say yes.
Will you not be the first to congratu
Mr. Sweeny was struggling with
emotions for which he could evident
ly find no words. He was a small boy
and this a large occasion. Mr. Swee
ny swallowed hard, then he spoke.
"Thank you, leddy," said Mr. sweeny.
He was bewildered, but Mr. Barstow
"But, Peggy," said Jack, a little lat
er, while "Mr. Sweeny" ate turkey
much turkey and unlimited pie--"you
said in the letter-I thought-"
"Well," said Peggy airily, though
the eyes that looked up at Jack were
very soft and shining, "I can change
my mind, I suppose? I said that my
er-r-you must do something grand
and noble; Mr. Sweeny and I think
ANOTHER ARTIFICIAL SILK.
This Made of Cotten Fibre Suitably Treat
ed With (heomirls.
Several imitations of silk are already
known to the dry goods trade. One
of the first to be invented was pro
duced by spinning a soft gummy sub
stance obtained from collodion, or gun
cotton dissolved in alcohol. The
mechanism for drawing this material
out into a spider's web was designed
by a Frenchman,' Chardonnet. His
product never had any extensive use,
for some reason, though it had a beau
tiful lustre. The most satisfactory re
suits have been secured by subjecting
cotton thread to a soaking in alkali,
while under strain. The inventor, of
the system was a Mr. Mercer, and the
process is called mercerizing. A great
deal of mercerized cotton is now sold
as such, and a great deal more is mar
keted under names which do not afford.
to the uninitiated an idea of its real
character. In any case, though, it is a
poor imitatibn of silk, but an excellent
thing in itself.
Within the last few weeks still an
other plan has been reported from
Germany. As is common in such
cases, the preliminary announcement
is made in a sensational way, and it
probably exaggerates the facts. Still,
it is evident that the process is !iffer
ent from Mercer's, and the claim is
made that the goods are superior to
those which are now so well known.
The Wool and Cotton Reporter has
found a description of the new method, ,
which seems to resemble Chardonnet's
in at least one particular. The cotton
fibre is dissolved completely, but the
chemicals employed are different from
those used by Chardonnet. Our con
A German chemist and an Austrian
mechanical engineer invented the pro
cess. They have obtained letters pat
ent for it in all countries. They mix
copper, ammonia and cotton waste in
a large vat. In about six hours a liquid
of a dark blue color is formed, which
prasses into a large filter press, and
then out of small glass tubes into a
mild sulphuric acid bath. It is then
of a gelatinous consistency, and is
caught by a small glass rod, in the
hand of a boy or girl, and reeled onto
a large spool as it passes through the
bath. The copper and ammonia, to
gether with other chemicals, are de
I.osited as a sediment, and are used
again. As the threads are reeled, they
receive a bath of cold water from a
siphon. The numerous spools centre
on one large spool, and are then reeled
onto another, and so on, always under
cold water, until all chemicals and
acids are removed. This stage of the
process occuples about four hours, and
afterward the thread is taken to a dry
It is stated that the product is bril
liant in color and finish, and of con
siderable textile strength. The thread
is said to consist of 10 or 20 fibres
twisted into one, but it can be made
to any thickness required. The pres
eat price of the product is, about 60
percent of real silk. The machines are
small and compact, and are operated
by ingeniously applied electric power;
each machine can be started or stopped
without interference with the others.
The labor, too, is nearly all unskilled.
and the patent is the property of a
A ftvraag EfFet of Diving.
"'One of the strange effects that div
ing huas upon thoser who practice it,'
said a diver to the writer recently, "is
the invariable bad temper felt while
working at the bottom, and as this
irritability passes away as soon as the
surface is reached again,, it is only
reasonable to suppose that it is caused
ty the unusual pressure of air inside
the dress, anecting probably the lungs,
and through them the brain. My ex
perience has been that while below one
may fly into the most violent passion
at the merest trifle, for instance, the
lifeline held too tight or too slack, too
much air or too httle, or some imagin
ary wrongdoing on the part of the ten
uer or men above, will often cause the
temper to rise. I have sometimes be
come so angry in a similar way that 1
have given the signal to pull up with
the express intention of knocking the
heads off the entire crew, but as the
surface was reached and the weight of
air decreased, my feelings have gradu
ally undergone a change for the better
until by the tlme.I reached the ladder
and had the face glass unacrewed, I
had forgotten for what I came up,"
"Will you have srome horseradish?'
said Mrs. Small ato her new boarder.
-rhmak yeau. o, replied the latter.
*~rm a veneprtlam.%-I-Phis.phza 4'
asegt Amerrsea. 1
SHOP DETECTIVE FORCE.
ly WATCHES NOT ONLY VISITORS, BUT
AALSO ESTABLISHMENT'S HELP.
r. reatly Augmented During the Holidays
--One Concern Has Thirty Slerutlhs--ao
Stion and Discrimination in Ilakitu Ar
t- raet-Unaccountable Shoplifting Cases.
l- At best never easy, the policing of
large department Stores is, at the busy
teason, a most complex problem. Not
i Only is the task aggravated by the in
" creased crowds, but by the infusion of
U But the main reason for the tem
porary reinforcement of such detective
staffs is to afford a warning to the pro
fessional shoplifters who flock to the
a big cities at such opportune times. The
I knowledge that a certain store is bet
e ter equipped in its detective bureau
1* than another serves as a most effectual
'deterrent, and therein lies the chief
benefit of such a bureau.
h Though normally four or five officers
seem to suffice, at rush times the total
y exceeds thirty.
Harry Blades, chief of that bureau in
a famous New York department store,
" when seen the other day by an Econo
mist man, talked interestingly of his
department and the way it was run.
"We have now," said he, "about 30
detectives on our roll, of whom four
are women. Our regular force doesn't
exceed four or five, but is reinforced
for the holidays from a waiting list
e all tried and true men.
B "No, we don't recruit from police
headquarters, or, rarely ever. We ar%
after people with the detective in
stinct, hail whence they may.
"One of the best detectives was once
a salesgirl at the fancy goods counter.
She gave our sleuths so many excel
lent clues as to-suspicious shoppers
clues that were successfully followed
r that we persuaded her to join our staff.
a And we made no error. She has more
- than fulfilled our expectations. You
see she had it in her, and needed no
R Mulberry street training to bring it
d "As a rule, however, women are not
1 so good at ferreting out crime as men.
5 They are also timid, fearing violence if
, necessary to arrest. But where the
clue is given a woman can shadow a
suspect better than a man, seeing that
I she can worm in and out, and is less
I conspicuous in doing so. A man looks
i 'out of place at a bargain counter.
e "One of our greatest troubles with
t new detectives," continued Mr. Blades,
1 "is overtzalousness. They imagine that
- they are not making a showing-not
3 earning their salary-unless constant
.1 ly dragging offenders up to the office.
a So anxious are they to show results
t that they are apt to overdo.
"They probably look at it this way:
'I am only here for the holiday season,
I unless I can show special aptitude, to
1 prove which I must succeed in making
t a big trapping.'
t "On this account I give my new men
I, positive instructions never to make an
arrest without calling one of my old
s staff for consultation. As to the best
o policy to be pursued when a woman is
L. caught opinions differ. The method we
a pursue is this:
1 "Whenever a professional shoplifter
a is caught red-handed we invariably
R prosecute in order to deter others.
i utherwise we use discretion.
"Some of the cases of shoplift
- ing which have come to my notice dur
ing a life-long connection with store
n tective bureau. Many of our new
plicable. To this very office have been
brought wives of prominent merchants,
wvall street brokers and men of like
' standing in the community-women
d who have been caught in the very act
3 of secreting goods on their persons.
"On investigation these women al
a most invariably proved to be victims
a of the morphine or laudanum habit,
8 the drug rendering them almost irre
Ssponsible. Now, what should we gain
3 in exposing such a case, thereby ruin
C ing a reputation for all time?
S"Nor do we expose cases of theft by
really indigent people, when we are
assured they are not 'professionals.'
T No good end can be served by such ex
a posure. Moreover, it would be a bad
e ad. for the house, for such cases would
i receive extended newspaper comment,
r to the detriment of the firm exposing
S"Lack of harmony, continued Mr.
Blades, "is another point to be guard
ed against in the management of a de
i tective bureau. Many of our new
men are inclined to throw the bluff
that they are the whole thing. They
did it alL I discourage ,-at sort of
S "If any good piece of work is done
, in the store, in that direction, the de
e tective bureau receives credit therefor,
d not an individual officer. All must work
Sin harmony. I instruct them to be re
d ceptive to hints from any and all
Ssources And even if they find certain
I. clues unreliable, not to discourage the
m offering of them. Though wrong once,
they might be right again.
I "Professional jealousy is also to be
guarded against What any one of
Sus may have learned about a certain
case the rest are ent.tled to know. In
Sformation so obtained is not for any
e individual's benefit, but for that of the
Sbureau. Hence there is nothing to be
e gained in an attempt to 'hog' glory.
"I am sorry to say that the help,
Sespecally at this season of the year,
e; when there are so many supernumer
* aries employed, require most watch
e) "We have representatives behind
counters known as such only by my
Sself, who, presumably.'are salespeople.
SSuppose we suspect somebody at a cer
tain counter. I put there a girl of my
own who has not only to keep her eye
e open for my benefit, but hold up her
end of the sales in order to escape
transfer. If anything wrong is going
b on she will find it out.
S"Sometimes these special sleuths are
C In the delivery department, even on
wagons as helpers.
S"From one of the latter is this let
! ter," picking up one from the table
r before him. '"In it my representative
,makes a report of his four days' ex
perience on a certain wagon. Nothing
was found amiss, as far as honesty
was concerned, but a beneficial and on
Sexpected result was reached.
"The detective voiced the hardships
and grievances to which these over
w"oted drivers and helper are sub
ecteG S a wy that brought about y.
form. These same complaints, if made
to the head of the delivery department,
would, in all probability, have been
7 pigeon-holed, seeing that the rectifying
of them would tend to increase the ex
penses of that department-a change
which the manager thereof would nat
urally desire to obviate.
"We also have an outside man for
. secret service work. He never comes
into the store, but makes his report by
letter. Such a sleuth is essential to
all employers of labor of this charac
ter. It might be reported to us that
an omploye in a responsible position,
but drawing a moderate salary, was
living as a high roller. This outside
man would be detailed to get all in
formation. Such an officer, in fact, is
e useful in- hunareds of ways, and no
e large store should be without one.
"But the greatest benefit of a thor
u oughly equipped detective bureau, from
1 a department store standpoint, is that
i it acts as a deterrent to the 'profes
sionals.' In my time, for Instance, I
have had to do with over 2000 cases
1 of shoplifting. It follows, therefore,
that my presence in a particular store
n keeps away at least those 2000 offend
ers, and probably as many more of
WORLD'S LARGEST SCHOONER.
Unique Five-Masted Vessel Being Con
structed in Maine.
The eyes of the shipping community
of this country are at present centred
with the deepest kind of interest upon
the huge five-masted schooner now
e in process of construction at Camden,
G Me., for Capt. John G. Crowley, for
service in the coal trade between Phil
adelphia and New England ports.
e This craft, whose frames are now
up, is distinguished by reason of the
fact that she is the largest fore and
aft sailing vessel the world has ever
produced, and when completed she is
calculated to have cost about $90,000,
e and will spread 10,000 yards of can
vas, carrying a cargo of 4000 tons of
o coal on 23 feet draught of water.
t In this huge undertaking a number
of prominent Philadelphians have in
t vested, among them being Henry W.
L. Cramp, S. P. Blackburn & Co., and
f Samuel J. Goucher, and while the
e craft, which has not yet had her name
a determined upon, will hail from Taun
t ton, Mass., a large percentage of her
5 stock will be held here.
5 This vessel, unlike any other sailing
craft afloat, will be lighted throughout
5 by electricity and heated by steam.
Her sails and gear, excepting the
t steering will be worked by steam, and
t despite the condition of freights, she
t- s looked upon to declare large divi
dends to her owners. Capt. Crowley
and his brother Arthur, who now man
age and sail the schooners Mount
Hope, Sagamore and Henry W. Cramp,
now trading between here and New
D England ports, are the first to show
9 the ability of vessels when properly
run to declare dividends in these hard
I The enormorus craft which will, in
a measure, revolutionize coastwise
t business, is being built by H. M.
Bean of Camden, Me., and will be
e launched early in November. She is
282 feet long on keel, 44 feet breadth!
r of beam and 21 1-2 feet deep of hold.
Her poop deck will extend 20 feet for
ward of the main rigging. The length
over all will be 318 feet. The keelson
is eight feet high and the sister keel
son four and a half feet
° The new craft is to have five Ore
gon pine masts, each 112 feet long and
29 inches in diameter. The fore top
mast is to be 56 feet long and 20 inches
e in diameter, and the other four top
masts are each to be 56 feet long and
18 inches in diameter. The jibboom
is to be 75 feet long and 20 inches in
diameter. The bowsprit has 30 feet
outboard and is 30 inches square. The
fore, main, mizzen and spanker booms
are to be 48 feet long and 14 inches in
Sdiameter, while the jigger boom is to
be 78 feet long and 17 inches in diam
The vessel will have two 6000-pound
anchors, with 190 fathoms of two and
three-eighth inch chains. Patent
engines, windlasses and screw-steering
gear will be fitted. John J. Wardell
designed the vessel, and, in addition
to being a large carrier, she is built
with a design to great speed.
The vast changes that have taken
place in shipbuilding in the last 15
years are made very apparent by the
construction of this huge craft, when
Sit is known that even a schooner to
carry 1000 tons of coal was a thing al
Smost unheard of. With the exception
of the schooner Governor Ames, this
craft will be the only five-masted
a schooner afloat.-Philadelphia Press.
k If the city of Penn were to start a
- Philadelphia millionaires' club, there
I would be eligible for membership in
3 this extraordinary organization 117
5 men and 23 women. In other words,
S140 men and women in this, placid
Quaker City own more than $1,000.000
a apiece. Some, of course, own consid
f erably more.
3 The richest man in this Philadelphia
- millionaires' club is William Weight
V man. He is said to be worth some
e where between $75,000,000 and $100,
0 000.00-0-the slight difference of $25,
000,000 one way or the other not ap
, pearing to worry Mr. Weightman. Mr.
Weightman made his money in war
- times. He sold quinine pills to the
- government. His wealth is of the
solid sort-real estate. He is said to
j own more real estate than any other
Sman in Philadelphia, and, luckily, to
'ave selected property which is now
Sin the very heart of the business dis
a John Wanamaker comes next in the
r list of real estate holdings. and is said
Sto be worth about $10,000.000. Most of
g the members of this exclusive million
aire coterie believe in real estate, but
e William Weightman and John Wana
a maker have gobbled up the choicest
bits in Philadelphia.
The richest woman in town is Mrs.
e Sarah Van Rensselaer. She was a
s Drexel, married John R. Pell, and at
Shis death became Mrs. Alexander Van
I Rensselaer. Her wealth is estimated
y at $12,000,000.-Philadelphia Press.
Expeiienced lumbermen say that in
a the process of seasoning wood should
Sbe oecaidomally repled, and decayed
Sor deftective pieces rseoved, lut the"
jSeet the othbr
de INDIAN SCHOOLS FAIL.
ng STARTLING CONCLUSION REACHED
'x- BY COMMISSIONER JONES.
About 845,000,000 Spent on 20,000 Pa
plls-Translated from Poverty to AMn
Or enee and Back Agalin to Poverty, and
es Most of Them Laupe Into Barbarism.
The present system of education for
the Indian, taken as a whole, says
at Commissioner of Indian Affaird Jones,
at is practically a failure or at least is
not calculated to produce the results
de so earnestly claimed for it and so hope
n- fully anticipated when it was begun.
He has no doubt his conclusion will be
received with some surprise, but a
brief review.of results, he thinks, will
convince the most skeptical that it is
lat "There are now in operation," he
says, "118 boarding schools for the In
dians with an average attendance of
es something over 16,000 pupils, ranging
re, from 5 to 21 years of age. These
re, pupils were gathered from the cabin,
td- the wickiup and the tepea They were
of chosen not on account of any particu
lar merit of their own, not by reason
of mental fitness, but solely because
tuey had Indian blqod in their veins.
"The Indian youth finds himself at
on. once, as if by magic, translated from
a state of poverty to one of affuence.
ity He is well fed and clothed and lodged.
ed Books and all the accessories of learn
on uing are given him and teachers pro
)w vided to instruct him. Matrons wait
en, on him while he is well, and physi
!or cians and nurses attend him when he
il- is sick. A steam laundry does his
washing, and the latest modern appli
ow ances do his cooking. A library af
he fords him relaxation for his leisure
nd hours, athletic sports and the gym
rer nasium furnish him exercise and recre
is ation, while music entertains him in
00, the evening. He has hot and cold baths
an- and steam heat and electric light, and
of all the modern conveniences. All of
the necessities of life are given him
er and many of the luxuries. All of this'
in- without money and without price or
W. the contribution of a single effort of
nd his own or of his people.
he "Here he remains until his education
me is finished, when he is returned to his
in- home--which by contrast must seem
ter squalid indeed-and left to make his
way against the ignorance and bigotry
ng of his tribe. Is it any wonder he fails?
tut Is it surprising if he lapses into bar
Sm. barism? Not having earned his. edu
he cation; it is not*appreciated; having
nd made no sacrifice to obtain it, it is not
he valued. It is looked upon as a right.
vi- and not as a privilege; it is accepted
ley as a favor to the government and not
an- to the recipient; and the almost inevit
tnt able tendency is to encourage depen-'
ap, dence, foster pride and create a spirit
ew of arrogance and selfishness.
ow "It is not denied that some good
rly flows from this system. It would be
Lrd, singular if there did not, after all the
effort that has been mane and the
in money that has been lavished. In the
ise last 20 years fully $45,000,000 have been
M. spent by the government alone for the
be education of Indian pupils, and it is a
is liberal estimate to put the number of
ith those so educated at not over 20,000.
Id. If the present rate is continued for
or- another 20 years it will take over $70,
th 000,000 more.
on "What, then, shall be done? And
el- this inquiry brings into prominence at
once the whole Indian question. It
re- may be well first to take a glance at
nd 'what has been done. For about a gen
op, eration the government has been tak
les ing a very active interest in the wel
op. fare of the Indian. In that time he
nd has been located on reservations and
.m fed and clothed; he has been supplied
in lavishly with utensils and, means to
set earn his living, with materials for his'
'he dwelling and articles to furnish it; his
ma children have been educated and money
in has been paid him; farmers and ma.
to cnanics have been supplied him, and
mn. he has received aid in a multitude of
different ways. In the last 33 years
nd over $240,000,000 have been spent upon
nd an Indian population not exceeding
nt 180,000, enough, it equitably divided,
Sto build each one a house suitable to
ell his condition and furnish it through
on out; to fence his land and build him a
tilt barn; to buy him a wagon and team
and harness; to furnish him plows and
en the other implements necessary to cul.
15 tivate the ground, and to give him
he something besides to embellish and
en beautify his home.
to "What is his condition today? He
al-. is still on his reservation; he is still
:on being fed; his children are still being
ais educated and money is still being paid
ed him; he is still dependent upon the
government for existence; mechanics
wait on him and farmers still aid him;
he is little, if any, nearer the goal of
a independence than he was 30 years ago,
re and if the present policy is continued
in he will get little, it any, nearer in 30
L17 years to come. It is not denied that
under this, as under the school sys
id tem, there has been some progres,
00 but it has not been commensurate with
id- the money Epent and the effort made.
"It is time to make a move toward,
ia terminating the guardianship which
ht- has so long been exercised over the In
,e- dians and putting them upon an equal
0- footing with the white men so far as
5,- their relations with the government
ap- are concerned. Uhder the present sys
dr. tem the Indian ward never attains his
rar majority. The guardianship goes on
:he in an unbroken line from father to son,
be and generation after generation the In
to dian lives and dies a ward.
er "It is the function of the state to see
to that the Indian has the opportunity for
,ow elf-support, and that he is afforded the
is same protection of his person and
property as is given to otters. That
:he being done, he should be thrown en
tid tirely on his own resources to become
of a useful member of the community in
on- which he lives, or not, according as he
)ut exerts himself or fails to make an emt
,a fort. He should be located where the
ast conditions are such that by the ex
ercise of ordinary industry and pru
r. dence he can support himself and aMt
a ily. He must be made to realife that
at in the sweat of his face he shall eat
a his bread. He must be brought to
-d recognise the dignity of labor and the
i mportance of building and maintain
ing a home. He must understand that
in the more useful he is there, the more
aid useful he will be to society. It is there
f he most find the incentive to work, and
, from it miust cose the upliftttlu his
BUSTS BRONCOS FOR A LIVING.
A Diana od the Oregn Plains Who JIs
tapero as the Cowboys.
Past and west there are womerne
drummers, women lawyers, doctors
and floorwalkers, but in Woodstock ,
Oregon, there is a woman who busts p
broncos and rounds up cattle for a liv
ing, a cowboy in petticoats, who has r
all the nerve and daring of the pion.
r eer of the plains.
She isn't the brawny Amazon, rid
ing astride in buckskin trousers, that
might be imagined. She is the re
verse of that*a rather frail looking
woman, neither tall nor short, slight
ly built, but lithe and muscular, wltt
cool, determined gray eyes and a face
tanned by outdoor life.
1 She has a modest tendency to disae
I vow being or doing anything extraor C
dinary, and she does the little things
a that are inherently feminine just at t
well as any other woman, perhaps bet
i ter than some. She can darn a teal
3 or bake biscuits with just as muck
a ease as she can rope a steer and alt
that she is as expert as any of her
e cowboy neighbors.
Mrs. Minnie Thorpe Austin is the
a woman bronco buster's name. Het
a father was Thomas Thorpe, one of the
shrewdest dealers who ever did bust
t ness in Oregon.
B He had one of the largest ranches
i. n the state and it contained some ol
the wildest horses and cattle eves
offered for sale. With the horses and
cattle his baby daughter passed het
t early life and she became a proficient 1
and daring horsewoman.
g Several years ago it was noticec
I that soma of the wild horses fronr
Tom Thorpe's ranch were better brok
en when they came up for sale that
a those from any other ranch arounc
and presently the secret came out
Miss Thorpe had broken them in.
D She had become used to seeing the
s cowboys busting the broncos, ponies
I for her own use had occasionally re
f called bucking feats of their earlier
· days and had taught her the knacl
s of sticking to the saddle and she hac
r been fired with ambition to do all that
f the men did with wilder steeds.
First she tried a horse that had
D been partly broken, then a fiercer ani
Smeal and finally she was breaking it
with ease horses which had never be
· fore known bridle or rope. She die
dained the Mexican saddle the cow
boys used and accomplished her feats
in tjie conventional side saddle and
wearing a riding skirt, a trick few
I cowboys would care to attempt.
t From the day she first mounted as
t unbroken steed Mrs. Austin has never
seen the horse she could not master
t Since that time she has had to cart
her own living lnd she has done it
from choice, by breaking ip broncos.
t She likes it, and when she isn'tldo
ing It for business she is doing it for
3 her own pleasure. She can handle I
e cattle equally well and not long agc e
· she was regularly employed by a firm I
of cattle dealers to round up buncheE
of cattle and drive them to the city.
In a recent carnival at Portland one
of the most attractive features to viai
Siors teom the east was Mrs. Austin's
Sdarlg horsemanshhip. She jumped
hurdles, riding tandem, busted bron.
r cos and ldid fancy tricks and no other
part of the show was greeted with hall
so much applause. The applause wa I
I the heartier because she plainly en
t loyed the tasks she performed.
t She herself says that the enjoy
t ment which other women get out of
milder pleasures she finds in a rock
Ing. swaying saddle which threatens
momentarily to send her to the ground'
with velocity sufficient to break her
neck if the beast she is riding sue
Scoeeds in his effots to dismount her.
NATURAL FASHIONS IN FEATHERS.
Changes of Coeoame Mark Important Pro.
oeees In Bird Life.
S The importance of moulting in birds,
in determining the value of their plu
mage to the collector, is well known;
but it is not perhaps so well known
that this regular change of costume is
an important process in the life of the
bird itself, nrid determines, or is de
termined by, certain natural, seasonal
snd physiological changes, which mark
Simportant periods in the life history
of the latter. Most adult birds wear
a distinct winter or autumnal suit,
and a nuptial, summer or breeding
i ostume, separated by post-nuptial and
pre-nuptial moults, while young birds
e paess from the downy or Datal plumage
Sto the juvenal or first winter dress by
a well-marked post-natal or post
S-juvenal moult The moults occur at
e regular periods, and the appearnce of
a bird before a certain day in the
spring with a summer costune is as
Sirregular as a straw hat in March or
an Easter costume on St. Patrick's
Sday. Here is the diary of a typical
Sdresser, the common term, which Dr. J.
t Wright has recently published:
1. The Natal Down-This covers the
chicks thickly, and is yellowish, with
black spots or mottling above and a
dusky area on the chin and sides of
2 The Juvenal Plumage-This is ac
quired by a complete post-natal moult
shortly after leaving the egg. Dusky
Smarkings and buff edgings are conspfc
t uous above the lower parts being a
clear white. The forehead is pale
brown, blending into a dull black at
the top and back of the head. The
bill and feet are flesh-colored.
. First Winter Suit-This suit is
gray. The forehead is white, the occi
Sput black. The bill and feet are
4. First Nuptial Costume-An en
d tirely new suit of feathers, and the
bill and feet coral red.
5. Second Winter Suit-Another en
tirely new egit, with the ill and feet
Sagain In black, and a number of minor
changes in feather markings.
6. Second Nuptial Costume-Preced
e ed by a complete moult; consists of a
suit similar to the second winter cos
tume, but varied somewhat in stripes
Works LJage a Cbarnm.
o Hanson-Wonder how it is that the
4 Jugginsons get along so harmonious
. ly. They never have any quarrels,
e Burt-The reasmmon is simple enough.
w Juggina always lets Mrs. J. have the
d last word sad the never tries to pre
b vat him irs having his own way
atom Tuastl~ pt
PEARLS OF THOUGHT.
Little love, little trust; but a great
ove brings a great confidence.-R-ob
I There is only one person you need
c o manage, and that is yourself.-T. De
The things in life that are worth
,btaining must be secured with effort.
-Rev. O. S. Kriebel.
Do what you can, give what you
have. Only stop not with feelings;
carry your charity into deeds; do and
give what costs you something.-J. H.
> Patiehce and strength are what we
need; an earnest use of what we know
now; and all the time an earnest dis
content until we come to what we
r ought to be.-Phillips Brooks.
t At the bottom of a good deal of
. bravery that appears in the
t world there lurks a miserable
i cowardice. Men will face pow
t der and steel because they cAnnot
Li face public opinion.-E. H. Chapin.
The only real relief is in absolute I
conquest; and, the earlier the battle
' begins; the easier and the shorter it
l will be. If one can keep irritability
under, one may escape a struggle to
the death with passion--Juliana H.
Not till we are ready to throw our
very life's love into the troublesome
little things can we be really faithful
in that which Is least and faithful
li also in much. Every day that dawns
brings something to do, which can
never be done as well again.-.Tames
¢ Reed. I
k Consider the difference, between im- I
s pulse and action, between resolving
to and doing. Many men are well-wish.
t ers, but who have no intention o1
ever carrying out their better desires
is Few know how to convert impulse
't into action and the finer aspirations
e into habits and systematic activity.
ii How often do we stand beside men
:B who have broken the hearts of those
c whom they loved.-Rev. Dr. Hillis.
Li Finish every day and be done with
it. You have done what you could
Some blunders and absurdities, na
I doubt, crept in; forget them as soon as
you can. Tomorrow is a new day;
i begin it well and serenely, and with
too high a spirit to be cumbered with
your old nonsence. This day is all
that is good and fair. It is too dear.
with its hopes and invitations,to waste
a moment on the yesterdays.-Ralp]h
SPAIN'S IRON ORE.
I she Sells Millions of Toes to Other Iead&
but Has to Buy Steelt.
The leading industrial Journal of
o Spain, commenting on the fact that a
)l steamship 'had taken a lod of iron ore
It to the United States and had just re
,c turned with a cargo of steel rails, de
m piores the almost entire lack of steel
-e works in Spain and the consequent
necessity of importing steel into a
if country that is very rich in iron ore of
s the best steel-making quality.
't Spain has been the classic land of
d the mining industry since the time of
n. the Phoenicians, and yet the main use
gs the country makes of its" rich supply
11 of metals is to sell them to other coun
ie tries. The splendid iron ore among
a. the mountains of the north coast is
hematite of the best steel grade. There
y. is plenty of coal with which to reduce
ol the iron ore, the coal output in some
k. years being worth as much as $30,000,
I1 00, but though Spain has every facil
id ity for making all the iron and steel
a the people need, most of the commodi
c- ties are imported.
In recent years, to be sure, consid
erable industrial activity has developed
; in the Basque province among the
mountains where the iron ore is dug
. out of the crust' of the earth; and also
in Catalonia, in the extreme northeast
s, of the kingdom, mainly at the city ol
i- Barcelona and around it The chief in
i; dustry is the manufacture of iron sand
n machinery, but not.nesrly enough are
il made to supply the demands of the
te country. So Spain continues to shi;
e- from Bay of Biscay ports thousands of
al tons of her fine iron ore to Great Bri
k tain. Germany, France and Belgium,
y where it is used for steel-inaking.
r Great Britain buys more than one-hall
t, of the ore and most of it is smelted in
g South Wales. the chief seat of the Des
d semer steel industry.
is There is only one ouner country that
oe is a great producer of iron ore and yet
> depenus upon other lands to turn this
t- raw material into pig iron and steel
it That country is Sweden, which how
1 ever, has a good excuse for selling its
e ore instead of making iron and steel
is of it. Sweden has practically no coal
r and therefore it is at a great disad
'a vantage, for it is without fuel to smell
il its ores, while Spain has both ore and
J. fuel in abundance.
te The Ma Wilthoet eserve.
h How quickly a man without reserves
a goes to the wall, when anything unua
i cal happens to him! Like a baby, he
is all right as long as nothing comes
c- lu collision with him to expose his
y What a pitiable thing it is to see
Sbright, strong young men facing as
a emergency or a crisis with no reserve
Iclof education, character, or training
at How quickly they disappear! Like s
te row-boat onh the ocean, when run intc
by an ocean liner, or like a frail bark
a which strikes an iceberg, the weakei
i- vessel always founders in the collision
e "He had no reserve," might be writ_
ten upon the tombstone of many a
I man who has failed in business, in the
e professions, or in the home.
Ant_- 3t.. Crep for Food.
n- Prof. W. M, Wheelbr describes a
et species of ants which raise "mush
ir rooms" for food. They first cut leaves
Sinto small pieces and carry them into
their underground chambers. Then
Sthey reduce the leaves to a pulp, which
Sthey deposit in a heap. In this heap
es the mysellum of a species of fungus
finds lodging, and the subterranean
conditions favoring such a result,
minute dwellings are produced on the
he vegetable mqass. These are the "mush
Smrooms," which constitute almost the
is, sole food of the colony of ants that eul
he One of the main objects of the Artle
- -expeditosa it be sent from Norway is
- :o detersei esactly the agetic
Goernor--W. W. Heard;
Seeretary of State-John Miohol.
buperintandent of Education-Johbs
t Asdlto-W. B. Frae.
Tmreasurer-Ledoau E. Smith.
S U. S. . NATORS.
t; Don Oaferey and S. . .McEnery.
.L 1 Distriot-It. O. Davey. '
* Distriot-Adolph Meyer.
re Disrlet-R. P. Broussard.
w 4Ditriet-P. Brasenle.
g. I Distriet---J. E. Ranadell.
re i Distriot-S. M. Robinson.
otdd , d
tala Mse*M sadVerdMe
le aad r
t W n over Oit Le
it u abonr e a t o -
ty h n ad -ý oa. an~
a Oair ýo hg*, C*al
U fan ois l and Yhe,
in nakin diree saenseos wito throug
uE . Labepllwsn asal.
rl ia for alal po tan
oI BalltatoBe.thdmond, St. Psal, Min.
r IS~g Ak. saad Denver. GOlae
a oasedes at Chicaso with Ooatrsl
ve.a Valleiy i memt, aond asp
a l fDi a i rala fo ra.
Mlgg 2I4 FAnyLS, S s CITY,
tad tie West biar. l of aw
W as emaa b . ea. f sN.
of NHew Orless
AJ. i. Sease, Dis. oPas Aso,
A. M ss8 , pi. all.,
Q TI E SNXT: MTW: TO i
ph ma ling l sout it thog
oa n OA S &
l Cairior, Lmoa, s Poau, Mm
we SeingaAr, LoaDver.lle
pb -saus decibet thns.og with Ctranle
dtrai for Tal din. rt
NORTH, TEST NID WEST,
mt a 5 o1e f LLS Pitsburg CITY
lWnd, BIn, lwsYork
of Baltimore, lihhmon, St Paul,M
ar newnoli Omaha, Yarr Cit, Not
Nes O* Artrhl nbd ienr. o
etir * er - r
re- eoneeIesa ande eethrh itCentr
an * rLoDI FALLS, SIORV CITY
Ssd as Wrsh~ed P~eN ofI ientO
9,. . l c. Y. ad C w awtiap Ilnw
o O NOW Orleans
' Ja WAreldn, NDr arn: *t
Itl * dted Pe )nd S *
.el iCn l 51En n O
di. TE IMEDMO iRA
'.ll a T l
olan andss anthrouh its
mel. L C
ie- . one Sub e t *roughiwew e
teld1ee stmaster aoereCt t oa
C 55W. 0aLU5A3. A.
Sm,- a.ik ~A8 AsI