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The Banner-Democrat. (Lake Providence, East Carroll Parish, La.) 1892-current, December 25, 1902, Supplement, Image 10

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn88064237/1902-12-25/ed-1/seq-10/

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D D e
Vconnnnm on the Farms
The science of successful farming, I
as well as success in any other line,
recognizes the all-important factor of t
economy. Everything must be made I
use of; nothing be allowed to go to I
waste. The bran of the mill must be
turned into feed, the manure to soil t
and so on; everything must be put to t
Investinlg is a Fars. f
The beginner on a farm ustrally es
timates the cost of the farm as the
largest expenditure, but a farm is an
incumbrance if the owner has not
sufficient capital to derive the most
from the land. There is a heavy put- t
lay to be considered for buildings,
borses, cattle, wagons, machinery im
plemnents, seeds and labor. The cost
for the first year may exceed the val
ue of the farm itself. It is better to
begin with a small farm where the
capital is limited than to undertake
too much and lose all by going into
debt.
Birds and Weed Sweds.
While all birds aid the farmer in de
stroying insects it remains for a num
ber of them to eat weed seeds and
thus help keep the weeds in check.
The family of birds that do the most
toward this are the native sparrows.
The English sparrow is not to be
classed with them in this regard. Eng
lish sparrows do harm, also, when in
large numbers, in driving away the
mative birds from their nesting places,
thus exposing them and their young
to danger in more exposed nesting
sites. They- also eat grain and are
more harmful than beneficial
On the other hand, the song, vesper
and chipping sparrows, as well as the
Seld bunting, consume great quantities
of weed seeds from the time they first
ripen until late in the fall, and the
song and tree sparrows with the snow
bird practically subsist on them during
the winter.
The redwinged blackbird also eats
large quantities of weed seeds, and tne
meadow lark and brown thrasher both
consume some during certain seasons
of the year.
It is pleasant to see and hear these
birds, but it is pleasanter still to real
Ize that they are preventing the growth
of a great deal of noxious vegetation.
-H. E. Haydock, in New York Tri
bune and Farmer.
Gradlng Cream.
To pay the same price for rancid
cream as for sweet cream is manifestly
unfair and ruinous to the whole busi
ness. To absolutely reject all off grade
c-eam will improve the grade of but
ter made. But off flavore cream has
acme value, although less value than
good cream. Only three things are
possible--min all together and dam
age the whole churning, return the
gcor grade and lose the patronage and
insure heavy loss to the patron, or
grade and pay for each grade according
to approvimate value.
It takes a man with a trained nose
and trained t'ste to grade cream. It
can be done by mechanical tests, but
practically tWe human senses are to be
relied upon, and a man without these
senses well developed is out of place
In a creamery. We are speaking of
gathered cream plants, and believe that
an ambition to get into the best class,
best in honors and best in payment,
can be stimulated among the patrons,
and that time put in showing the pa
tron how he can get there and stay
there will be very profitably spent.
This is something more than theory,
for it has been made an accomplished
tact in so many cases that it must be
acknowledged to be practical. We do
not mean that grading cream, holding
in different vats and churning sepa
rately, have become every day prac
tices in creameries, but that keeping
out the worst and churning it after
ward can be done, and that rushing
direct for the home of a patron with
a road horse and road cart has dohe
wonders in improving the cream of
those patrons. In all such cases the
putter maker should not stop to argue
or talk much, but speak to the point
and leave at once without listening to
excuses or recriminating palaver.
-Creamery Journal
Overree*Itg or Chcekens.
The overfeeding of chickens so sel
dom happens that it may seem a little
strange tn call attention to it, but over
feeding in. connection with too little
exercise is so common that many
might profit by considering the ques
tion. Feed the chickens with a liberal
diet of cornmeal, mash. oats, bran and
ntiddlings, and if they do not take too
much exercise they will become dumpy
and heavy, and some will actually die
over night without any apparent cause.
Some chickens are naturally active
enough to take all the exercise they
need to keep their systems in good.
condition, but there are others consti
tutionally lazy, and they will fatten
tbemselves to death, and never at
tempt to work off the great amount of
food accumulating in their systems.
They become lazier the more they eat
St the heavy food. One must in such
instances ertner reduce the quantity
and quality of the tood or make the
chickens take more exercise. 'sae lat
ter is not always satisfactory because
oi the effect it has upon their egg lay
ing.
The best method is to stt:dy the food
question. He mrt: lera something
aboat the indiv.dunil:y of our Lockls
it. order to understand their' needs
pro.erly. Scie breeds are so much
more acti;e nod nervods than others
will not apply to them as to some oth
ers. The nervous, restless chickens
would be made to flock together. They r
would pine away and die if confined in
a narrow enclosure where the dull,
heavy chickens might find ideal quar- ol
ters. A defective flock needs heavy ii
feeding to bring them up, and an over- v
ted flock needs smaller rations and a e
little more exercise. c
As the flock is fed it will be found Ii
that some individuals will show pecu
liarities of their own, and they should a
be separated from the others to pre- e
vent injury to the others. We can do I
no better than to study the flocks in r
this way and gradually sort out the 1'
prolific layers, the active and nervous t
ones, and the dull phlegmatic ones to a
form new flocks.-Annie C. Webster, t
iu American Cultivator.
Orchards in the Fall I
During the late fall is the best and c
most suitable time for giving attention c
to the trees, not only because there is I
better opportunity for so doing, but I
also because the pruning of the trees I
and the removal of diseased portions I
can be done less hurriedly than in the
spring. Neglecting the orchard is the I
cause of trees being unprofitable, but c
where farmers have recognized the or- c
chards as sources of profit, and regard- t
ed the trees as something more than c
ornaments, or as occupying the ground c
from custom, the returns have been 1
satisfactory. The land used for the I
orchard :s frequently forced to bear
two crops the year, one of grain and 1
one of fruit, the latter crop coming be- E
cause it is natural for trees to attempt
to bear fruit, even under unfavorable
circumstances, while the grain was in
tended for market. When land is thus I
taxed it will be but a few years before I
it is exhausted, as it is better to cut i
the trees down and give the land whol- I
ly to grain than to leave the trees to I
reduce the grain yield and at the same
time produce only unmarketable fruit.
Grain and fruit crops on the same
land remove the fertilizing materials
of the soil very rapidly; yet farmers
seldom apply manure on orchard land, i
preferring to use it on other fields. The
orchard must take care of itself, be
coming the prey of insects and dis
eases, and the trees make but little
growth, or die, when they could, with
care, be made to produce good paying
crops at less cost for labor than grain.
A crop of grain or grass may be
taken from the land occasionally, but
it requires time to establish an or
chard; hence it is a serious mistake to
neglect trees and allow them to become
diseased when the labor of making an
orchard and the loss of time waiting
for the trees to reach the bearing
stage is considered. When an orchard
has become overrun with weeds, or the
trees show signs of decay, the first
work should be to cut away all dead
or diseased limbs and then plow the
ground, applying 10 bushels of lime per
acre, or 25 bushels of wood ashes, har
rowing the land. Work in an orchard
it difficult, on account of the roots,
but it should be plowed as well as
possible, so as to break up the hard
surface soil. Rye or crimson clover
should then be seeded, if in the fall,
and the ground plowed again in the
spring, turning the rye under. Cow
peas may then be sowed on the grSpnd,
after danger of frost is over, and if
desired the cow peas may be fed off
by sheep, as the animals will return a
large proportion of the crop to the soil
as manure. With the application of
manure or ferrtilizer the orchard may
then be, seeded to clover, but no or
chard should be kept permanently in
grass. The proper plan is to plow the
clever (or any grass crop) under, and
then grow late potatoes, cabbages or
some other crop that is cultivated be
tween the rows and which requires
manuring. Peach trees thrive best
when given clean cultivation, like corn,
a crop of any kind sometimes doing
harm. Clean cultivation, with a mulch
crop, such as rye, sowed in the fall
and turned under in the spring, is usu
ally beneficial.
Diseases sometimes almost imper
ceptibly spread in winter. No mat
ter how careful the grower may be he
will frequently leave fallen fruit, dead
grass, leaves or any other refuse ma
terials around the trees in winter, They
are the vehicles of germs, and as the
winds scatter light substances to other
locations the failure to clean away
the refuse from a single infected tree
may cause the spread of, disease over
the entire orchard. It is useless to cut
away dead limbs and burn them if the
spores of fungus diseases can be scat
tered broadcast by materials that
cculd easily be cleared up and in a
short time. Work during the winter
can be done to good advantage in de
stroying the borers, and the eggs of the
millers whicau produce worms can be
cleared from the trees; in fact, every
tree will be benefited by scraping and
washing with a strong solution of lye,
while painting the trees in winter with
crude petroleum is claimed to be a
remedy for the scale insect. The trees
of an orchard usually show the effects
of good treatment. The peach, which
sometimes appears to succumb to no
cause, will respond to se'ere pruning
and take on new life. Many trees, es
pecially those in old orchards, are just
as they were when first set out, never
having been trimmed. They can be
improved by pruning, but it should be
done judiciously, and not by going into
the orchard with an ax and saw to cat
aw'ay the tree indiscriminately. Or
rhards that have never paid a dollar
can be made to give good profits if the
same labor is given them as is be
stowed on grain crops.-Philadelphia
Record.
Currie-Jlighead is quite a charac
ter, is he not?
Peters-Yes. He Is one of those fel
lows that are willing to make foc.is
of themsel-c~s to show ihelr indivi~ua;
ity.-Judge.
PECULIAR PHENOMENON.
P'eroan Who Appear to Hear What One
1s Thinking.
"I have noticed one rather peculiar
thing about the tunes which are heard
in the streets of cities," said a man ti
with a leaning toward;,speculative sci- S
ence, "and that is a rather singular un- l
consciousness in the matter of imitat- k
ing sounds, such as popular airs, and so t
forth. I have found myself doing ex- a
ac tly the very thing, and I suppose oth- b
er men have had the same experience. n
For instance, I have suddenly found
myself humming or whistling in a very
low key some popular air, or some
times I would suddenly thrum the scale C
of a familiar tune, and before walking C'
two blocks some other fellow would be a
whistling the same thing loud enough s
to be heard at least a half block away.
Did he cause me to think of the tune
or to hum it? Or did my thinking
or humm'ng influence him? So far as
my etperience goes, in instances of
hearing anything that would even sug
gest the scale that would bob up in my 11
mind.
"There cculd be nothing in the ordi- f
nary discordances of tlhe street, inci
dent to traffic, rumbling wagons and t
cars, shifting and shambling feet, and 5
things of that sort, to develop the idea
of the particular harmony which sud
denly came to my mind. If the man
began to whistle the air before I be- c
gan to think about it, did I hear him r
without being conscious of the fact?
Did the inaudible waves of the tune
strike the drums of my ears without
any sort of consciousne-es of the sound
on my part? These questions I can
not answer. All I know is that the t
thing has happened, and it has hap
pened too often to be put down as a
mere coincidence. My thinking may
have started the man to whistling, or
his whistling may have started me to
thinking in some mysterious way. If
Ihe man whistled what I thought, why 4
did he do it? It must be some sort of
mental telegraphy with little sound !
waves of too delicate nature to be au
dible as a means of communication. Or I
are we getting so wise that we can I
hear each other think? Curious thing.
isn't it?"-New Orleans Times-Demo
crat.
Secret of Record Breaking.
The breaking of records is still in
progress on our race tracks. But it
is certain, nevertheless, that no run
ning horse that ever broke a record
on an india rubber track was greater
than Ormonde or Hamburg, and there
is no trotter or pacer in training to
day that is superior to the fastest
trotters and pacers of a few years
ago. These spring-board tracks are
breaking records, not the horses.
New York Tribune.
How Rochefort Hurled Ridicule.
Rochefort, even more than Hugo,
was the natural butt of those caricatu
rists devoted to the destinies of Louis
Napoleon. But none of the cartoons
directed against him could hit deeper
or leave a more lasting sting than his
own sallies in the columns of the
Lanterne. His favorite method of at
tack was -one which either made the
prosecutor impossible or else made
the prosecutor ridiculous. In the Lan
terne one found apparently innocent
squibs which ran something like this:
"The emperor sat yesterday for his
portrait, which is being painted by M.
-. M. has won wide dis
tinction as a painter of animals, and
it is expected that the emperor's por
trait will prove a great succi5s."
The Bookman.
A Buildoe's Characteristics.
George Eliot tells a story of a visit
to the house of a friend where a bull
dog and a child, each of the age of six,
were among the household possessions.
During dessert, after dinner, while all
were absorbed in conversation, they
were startled by a loud cowl of pain
from the dog, evidently proceeding
from under the table. An investiga
tion immediately made discovered that
the child, equipped with a pair of
scisors, was under the table also, and
trying to cut the dog's earq with them.,
From one ear of the bull the blood was
running, and yet the dog was making
not the slightest effort to escape or
defend himself. The host and father,
outraged by the evidence of such
cruelty on the part of the child, deter
mined on immediate punishment. But
when he undertook to carry the punish
Sment into effect the dog interfered.
I pushing himself between the master
- and the child and licking the face of
Sthe latter, it was characteristic of the
I breed.
Notable Irish Fac.
SOn his return from Africa, a soldier
Srecently presented to the Mayor of
SKingston on Thames a very curious flag
i -that of the Second Irish Brigade.
The flag bears the colors of tne
· Transvaal and on it are inscribed the
· words "For Liberty" and "Remember
s '98," this being the year of the great
a rebellion.
1 It was found after the battle rolled
Saround the body of a dead soldier, and
fastened to it was a leaf from a Bible,
Son which was written in blood: "Send
t this flag to Dublin ant. pray for the
Ssoul of Patrick Mooney."
SWith the flag was also found an old
e musket ball, wrapped in a piece of
Spaper,. on which were these words:
t "Extracted from the boly of Patrick
SO'Moore, an Irish patriot, who died for
*r his country in 1798."-New York Her
aid.
Jvory in the Earrhwork.
The Dirt Mover states that d por
tion of a tusk of an American masto
don was recently discovercd 14 feet
Sbelow the surface by railway graders,
near Harlan. Iowa. The circumfer
I- rnce of the tusk at either end is 17
i nches. and the unbroken portion is
6. feet in length and weighs about S~
pounds.
NEW FOOD PLANTS.
I~eed Only Beleatlfe Cultltvatlo to MLake
Them Delicious.
According to a consular report from
Edward H. Thompson, who is sta- b
tioned at Progreso, the gardens and c
fields of Yucatan are filled with succu- a
lent vegetables and odorous herbs up
known to the outer world. In the cul- d
tivated fields, at the proper seasons, t
are grown classes of Indian corn,
beans, squashes and tubers for which
we have no name, for the reason that
we have never seen or heard of them.
The forests and jungles contain fruits
that, excellent even in their wild state,
could be made delicious by scientific 1
care and cultivation. There are half
a score of wild fruits that offer more
promising results than did the bitter.
wild almond, the progenitor of the
peach.
The most important of the large ce
reals Is the maize of the Mexicans
the Indian. corn of the Americans and
the Ixim of the Mayas of Yucatan.
Like several other vegetable products,
its origin as a cultivated plant is en
yeloped in obscurity, the wild plant
from which it was evolved not yet
' having been identified. Many believe
that the cultivated plant was born
somewhere between Yucatan and the
1 table-laud of Mexico. The mother
plant was probably a grass, and the
new grain spread to all sections, each
one giving it certain characteristics
a until the varieties grown in the north
hardly seem related to those of'the
e southern lands. Yucatan has six varle
ties of this grain, and the .Maya In
dian reverentially speaks of it as the
"grace of God." The natives of Yuca
e tan prefer the native corn to that im
ported from the United States, and
a will 'cheerfully pay the higher price
Y demanded in times of scarcity. They
r state that our method of kiln drying
o injures the grain. They allow the
: grain to harden and dry slowly in the
Y ear upon the stalk.
'f The plant, or rather the running vine,
d known as the macal box (makal bosh),
t- produces a tuberous root of great nu
*r tritire value. Entire families have
n lived upon this root for weeks at a time
. and were healthy and well nourished.
- This plant is very productive. About
the middle of May the green shoots
first appear above the eartll. They
grow rapidly, and in November are
n ready to be dug. The tuber is about
t the size of a large Irish potato and is
1- of a purplish color, like a certain class
d of sweet potato. It can be cooked in
r the same way as the sweet potato. The
'e plant is hardy. A long drouth may
3- cause the vine to wither, but with the
It lightest rain it springs up anew. The
'8 roots left in the ground as too small
e for food propagate the plant, and each
- year the yield increases. It seems to
be a kind of native yam; it grows in
almost any kind of moderately rich
,, soil, and when cultivated intelligently
i- should be of certain value as a food
is plant.
1s The xmakin macal (shmakeen ma
?r kal), like the macal box, appears in
is Maea and is gathered in November, but
1o it yields only one or two tubers to the
.t- plant. These, however, are of large
el size, resembling enormous Irish pota
le toes. I have seen four of these great
n- roots fill a bushel basket. The in
at terior is white and seems to be nearly
a: pure starch. It is planted as we set
is out potatoes. The plants grow cldse
I. together, and, while I have no exact
is- figures, the yield per acre should be
id phenomenal, so far as weight of prod
r- neuct is concerned.
- Xmehen chi-can (shmehen chi kan)
seems to be a kind of artichoke, weigh
ing when mature about a pound. The
plants are running vines, rarely more
sit than a yard long. An acre will yield
1i- an immense crop under favorable con-.
Lx, ditions. The plant, sown in August,
is. can be gathered in November.
all Xnuc chi-can is a larger root, weigh
ey ing when mature about three pounds.
in It is a hardy plant and produces well.
ag Both of these. roots are eaten roasted
a or boiled, and many like them raw.
Of Art and Anthracite.
nd If what I have written thus far reads
. like a jeryminde, it is fair to say that,
· in the opinion of many who have to
ag live in it, the soft coal smoke is not so
or black as painted. Your true Pitts
, burger glories in his city's soot, for it
eb means business, prosperity, comfort
,r as one goes along, and opportunity to
nt escape by and by.
h Great artists from abrodd are apt to
ed. take sides with him. The soft coal
towns have what American landscape
o generally lacks-atmosphere and aerial
he perspective. Our Eastern cities-New
York in especial-have always been
distinguished by an almost disagree
able clarity and brilliance. Everything
ier looks fresh. One who came recently
of from a Western city to Boston said
lag that he was impressed much as a
miner would be who should be brought
tne straight out of a coal shaft into a
the theatre. The glitter was astounding.
ber In Chicago andother soft coal cities the
eat interplay of smoke and sunlight daily
gives color such as has rarely been
led seen in our untinged air. This is the
Ld sort of color that Svend Svensen revels
lein-over all a haze of burnt sienna hue,
and and on sidewalk or snow the delicate
the purple shadows. The gold and copper
of the afternoon light is often tropical
old In its fullness. We shall see greater
of glories, even if we pay larger laundry
ds: bills.U-Boston Transcript.
ick confuelas.
for Confucius had Just received a licking
er- from his father. He sat down to de
liberate, bunt for certain reasons im
mediately stood up. Furtively looking
r at the old man he was heard to mnr
mtour, "W'orship your ancestors, or yaour
t ancestors will horsewhip you." Hence
the Confucian philosophy.--Brooklyn
r Life.
17A Woman's Crown.
is A woman's idea of a crown comes
' pretty near to being one of nice curly
THE PERNICIOUS CARP.
-e Imparted Fish is Doalg sma Uatel
Amoeat of Evil.
The German carp, against which the
and of every fisherman is raised be- of
ause of his displacing better fish, is ril
ccused of one more and still worse w
.rime by Alderman O. B. Sheppard, th
lominion inspector of fisheries for On- tb
ario, to wit.: that of driving out our Oi
Pest water fowl by eating their food. pa
Mr. Sheppard, upon his return from re
Ln inspection trip, stated that the I,
)roblcm of getting rid of or keeping ki
ender the carp is now facing the fish- m
,ry authorities on both sides of the as
ine. From all he could learn the carp fo
was in Germany a fine-grained and ri,
lelicate fish, but its transplanting to to
kmerica, with its new variety of food, er
tad caused it to slide down the scale a
intil it is about the least desirable of hi
our food fishes. Its chief fault is its fe
Iriving away other fish and gradual- t
y extertminating them by eating their
?ggs. in
Latterly, however, it had been no- ai
:iced that the carp were destroying is
the beds of wild rice, which forms the rt
thief food of wild ducks, geese and sa
other aquatic birds. u]
Upon the trip from which he was w
just returning Alderman Sheppard had ci
noticed that in Cook's bay, Lake Sim- ti
coe, where there were formerly hun
dreds of acres of wild rice, there was ci
not to be seen a spear of that plant sl
today. The same was true of the sa
Holland river, where there were at ci
one time 1500 acres of rice, now the w
carp have eaten it literally root, tc
branch and seed. These places were ft
once the very best duck grounds in S
the province, and now the ducks avoid, t
them. h
The carp were not introduced orig- ri
inaliy into Lake Simcoe, but were con- p
fined in the mill dam at Newmarket. d
The dam broke and the carp got into s
Lake Simcoe through the Holland riv- e:
er. How to get them out or destroy d
them passed any man's knowledge, as tl
they were the most tenacious of life v
under hard conditions, and defied the
best laid traps. So far as he knew il
there was no carp in any of the Musk- t;
oka lakes. 1i
As to the chances for black bass in '1
the lakes where carp abound, he a
thought they were better than those of a
any other fish. The carp was not a '
fish eater like the' pike, his mouth not t
being so placed that he could enjoy a
this diversion. He was of the sucker t
variety and destroyed other fish s
tribes by eating their eggs. The black t
bass was well armed to fight the carp. 1
Only eight days elapsed between the
laying of bass eggs and the hatching
out of the young fry. and durihg this
critical period anl while the fry were
too rmall to get out of the way of the
carp the parent bass remained on
e""ard, and rushed bull-like at every- 1
thing that threatened their progeny. 1
The bass, Mr. Sheppard said, was
the only fish which protected its young I
In this way, and, it was this pugnacity
which made them such an easy prey
to the angler during the spawning sea
son. At everything that looked un
usual or dangerous the bass rushed
pell mell, and consequently was im
paled on the first hook which came
within reach. On this account the
-bags were particularly portected by
close season during the spawning sea-.
son.
The carp needed no protection, jocu
l'rly remarked Mr. Sheppard. It had
rot into international waters and be
enme an international question for
fi''ery experts, and lucky would be
the:l who could devise some means of
rc'tinl rid of the carp family without
destroving the other varieties.-Tor
onto Mail and Empire.
An Eiti- In i, m.-luti..
All pressmen are acquainted with the
difculties of newspaper production,
but the Mafeking Mail appears to have
had an exceptionally bad time. It
apologizes for the pr.'rcity of news on
account of the general breakdown of
its staff. "We are sorry," it says, but
we could not help it. One of the staff
had rheumatics and partial paralysis
of the shoulder, another has had a
few days' colic, and yet another could
not come to work because his child
was dangerously ill. One left with-.
out notice and paid £2 for an inter
view with the resident magistrate in
consequence, and another seized the
opportunity to break into teetoatlism,
while more terrible still, one of our
best went and got married." Such
a chapter of accidents could hardly
have been surpassed during the siege.
-London Chronicle.
'TIhe Tnnue o o Rumnor.
The tongue of rumor is like a sharp
instrument in the hand of the stealthy
assassin. It inflicts a wound against
which the victim has no defense, for
it is aimed by a hand concealed. Many
innocent ones have suffered, peaceful
homes have been rent asunder, count
less hearts broken and friendships de
stroyed by it. Shakespeare likens the
author of the rumor to a thief, and this
is not so strong a delineation of such
a character. "He who steals my purse
steals trash, but he who robs me of
my good name takes that which ne'er
enriches him, but leaves me poor in
deed."
Too Impetnois.
Tess-Why do you dislike him so?
Jess-Oh, he says such hateful
things. He told me last evening that
beauty was only skin deep, and
Tess-And you immediately proceed
ed to show him how thin-skinned you
were.-Philadelphia Press.
HMi Art.
"Oh, Mr. Growelle," gushed Miss
Nupson, "h.ow did you ever learn to
paint such beautiful pictures?"
" lasked a man once." replied the ar
tist. "and he told me how."--Indian
aglca ~?ews
ATE THE RAILS,
ne Wve s~yee* Trase on as
Early lirthwesteru Raieead.
About 1872 one of the first railroads
the northwest was built in the ter
tory of Washington from Walla .
ralla to Wallula, along the banks of
ie Walla Wallsa river, and following
ne gederal line of what is now the
regon Railway and Navigation com
rny's road between those points. The
)ad was a primitive affair, and was
hilt, owned and operated by Dr. Ba
er of Wallsa Walla. It had no Pull
an cars, chair cars or buffet cars,
ad the day coaches were mostly plat
nrm or fiat cars. Instead of having a.
ght of way the road had permission
go through the fields of the farm
rs. Consequently the road was not
rapid transit one, as the train hands
ad to get off and lay down the rail
ncees and put them up again after
se train had passed through.
The roadbed was constructed by lay
ig croascies six or eight feet apart,
ad on those laying wooden stringers
: rails. The heavy traffic over the
oad caused the rails to weaken in
rots so that train wrecks and smash
ps were of daily occurrence. These
rere not serious, for when the train
rew saw a wreck coming their way
hey would hop on ,n:l i t it wreck.
The annoyances, however. soon be
ame detrimental to the in e eits o0,
hippers, so the owners had to devise
ome means of overcoming the difiB
ulty. Rails of standard railroad iron
rere out of the question, as they had
o be shipped "the Horn around," and
seighted by wagon quite a distance.
trap iron could not be had. The doc
or, with Yankee shrewdness, finally
it upon the happy idea of substituting
awhide for strap iron. Cattle were
lentiful and rawhide cheap, so the
octor soon had his track layers at
7crk putting the rawhide on the wood
n stringers. The rawhide soon became
ry and as hard as iron, and answered
he purpose admirably during the dry
teather.
The waiter succeeding the laying of
he rawhide track was a severe one for
hat part of the country. The snow
ay on the ground for several weeks.
[he wolves were driven from the
nountains by the deep snow and skir
nished for a living as best they could
n the valleys. When the snow began
:o melt it softened the rawhide rails
end the hungry wolves soon found tne
tracks. When spring came and the
mow had melted the wolves had eaten
up the railroad track from Walls
Walla to Wallula.-Bcffalo Expre:s.
NS Help for It.
"I have a surprise for you.'
As Von Blumer spoke his face
beamed, while Mrs. Von Blumer took
on an air of mingled resignation and
hopelessness that came naturally to
her from long experience.
"I hope," she said, "that it is some
thing different from the common run
of your surprises."
"It is indeed," replied her husband.
"It's grand, it's stupendcus' The fact
is, my dear, you are tired out. You
need rest; you need quiet. You need
to be alone awhile, amid strange
scenes of real interest. I have there
fore prepared a little trip for you."
Mrs. Von Blumer looked resigned.
"Where?" she asked.
"To Canada," said Von Blumer.
"Now, don't say no, for I've already
bought the ticket."
He displayed as. he spoke a long
strip of printed paper.
"You leave tomorrow for Montreal.
After browsing around that wonder
ful place for a few days you go to the
quaint old town of Quebec, then back
up the St. Lawrence, through the
Thousand Islands, Lake Ontario anJ
home-picturesque, beautliful, enchant
ing-what do you say?"
"Are you mad?" she exclaimed.
"Do you think that'I would make a
trip like that alone? Never!"
Her husband rose and faced her.
"You refuse!" he cried. "Very well,
madam. But never forget that it was
I that asked you, planned for you.
Now, if only to save that ticket. I wilt
go myself!"-New York Herald.
Invested the tUltor.
A Atory is told to prove that Doni
setti was the ivventor of the ulster.
One day at Paris he sent for the tailor
to measure him for an overcoat. The
tailor found him at the piano sur
dering himself to the rapture of a com
position. Nevertheless, he was persuad*
ed to quit the beloved instrument and
deliver himself up to the man of tape
and chalk. The tailor made the first
weasurements, and then stooping
began to take the length of the gar
ment. "To the knee, sir," he said,
timidly. '"ower, lower," answered
the composer in a dreamy voice. The
tailor brought the measure half way
down the leg and paused inquiringly.
"Lower, sower,. The taior reached
the ankles "Lower, lower." "But
sir, you wna't be able to walk.'
"Walk, walk! who wants to walk.
with an ecstatic lifting of the arms
"I never walk; I soar."
Mere Oplnion.
Every man has a gift of some kind
but the trouble with most gifts is that
they have no market value.
Few people under the age of 40 are
satisied with the names their parents
gave them.
Nine men,out of ten would rather
find $100 worth of gold in an old pot
than to have written "Paradise Lost.'
Some men are more anxious to be
heard than to be respected.
The woman who warries over lea-r
ing her children to the care of a nurse
doesn't get very far into Eociety nowa
days.
A man who can sit and fish for lb
hours ht a stretch without a bite
would get all out of patience if he ha4
to mind the laby 10 minutes.-Chcleage

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