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EVCommunications may be addressed
simply "PIONEES, Nap4leonville, La."
Anonymous letters, communica
tions, etc., of any nature whatever,
intended for publication in the
PIONEER, must invariably be ac
companied by the real name of the
writer,' or else will be declined.
When so specified, the name will
be withheld. There will be no de
viation to this rule.
ilgSubscribers who fail to
receive their papers regularly,
will confer a special favor by
notifying us of the fact.
° Those desirous of ap
plying for situations as teachers
in the public schools, are refer
red to a special notice of Wm.
M. Marks, Esq., President of
the School Board, published in
CovNY OlTW.- Some of our con
.freres are lustily calling for a
State convention to remedy the
evils of Radical legislation. Be
patient, gentlemen; Rome was
not built in a day, Deither cun
the faults of constitutional en
actments be remedied at once.
Let us make haste slowly and
fully sound the depths of our
bad legislation before we apply
the corrective. Time and ex
perience will probably suggest
many changes which have not as
yet been developed, and, for the
present, it is better to wait a
little longer than to undertake
so important a work with undune
The prelimixary examination
in the case of the State vs. Tom
Carter, charged with the mur
der of Alfred Foster, took place
before Judge Alfred Tete on
Tuesday last. The accused was
sent before the District Court
for trial without bail. This is
the case mentioned in a former
issue whrein it was stated that
Carter killed Foster with a fire
brick, which may now be called
a fire arm.
Our merchants claim - and
with good reasons too-that
many of our planters not only
keep stores of prime neceb
sity, but such a complete as
sortment of merchandize as to
bring them within the provisions
of the license law, as they clearly
come within the purview of gen
eral store keepers. The mer-1
chants complain that this viola
tion of the. license law greatly;
injures the license-paying mer-I
chants, and should be strictly
investigated by the proper rev
enue officer. We have been spe-I
cially requested in behalf of a
large number of respectable mer
chants to call public attention to
this fact that the proper remedy
may be applied.
The masonic hall is now un
dergoing through repairs under'
the supervision Pof Bro. F. W
Pike, which, hIB completed,will
render it the handsomeet ma
s ie outside of New
This body assembled on
Thursday of last week, and
among other acts appointed a
committee to report a road and
levee ordinance. Since the re
peal of the law creating the
famous levee Board, the mainte
nance of the levees has been
re-transferred to the police ju
ries of each parish, except in
certain localities in which the
State is to build and keep them
in repair. It is probable that the 1
State will direct its attention to
certain large breaks on the Mis
sissippi river, which are sup
posed to require greater means
than the parishes can com
mand by ordinary taxation.
In our parish the levees have
not been touched since the cre
vasses at Morganza and Bonnet
Carre have been running, and
we presume that they will not
be closed this season.
Some large crevasses exist in
Carroll and Madison parishes,
which are very destructive, and
let out immense floods of water,
which inundate the cotton
farms; and render many sections
of those parishes unfit for cul
tivation. We doubt if any levee
system will ever be devised
which will prevent crevasses at
some weak point, but should the
United States take charge of
them, all will be done to make
them safe, except, when the riv
ers come down on us at once,
then you pmay look out for over
flows. It is difficult to provide
against a force not computable
by numbers as wind and water,
still much can be done to pro
tect our lands, and we trust the
next congress may. take this
matter in hand at an early day.
We have been permitted to
peruse an epistle of the Hon.
Ben F. Wade, of Ohio, written
to an old colored republican
friend of Benny's, in this parish.
The letter is dated a few days
since, and was written during
the darkest days of the strikers'
movement in Wade's State. In
this letter, he states that he is
now in full accord with the
Southern policy of President
Hayes; and that the peace, quiet
and rapidly returning prosper
ty of the Southern States, clear
ly prove the wisdom of the
President's policy. He advises
his colored friend to accept the
situation cordially, and advise
his Republican friends to do like
wise; and avows his unalterable
determination to follow no long
er in the footstep of those crazy
Newr England fanatics, Phillips,
Morton, Blaine, etc. That while
he has become a conscientious,
liberal Republican, yet he feels
in duty bound to support Bishop
We endeavored to obtain a
copy of the letter, but, as
it was strictly private and not
intended for publication, this
wish could not be g. atified. We
suppose that this inveterate old
hater of the South has had his
former views somewhat modi
fied by reason of the late
Northern rebellion. He had not
the remotest idea that the civi
lized people of his section were
so terribly in the minority; that
buldozers. tramps and thieves
could defy and give such a rifle
to the men of moral ideas.
He was laboring under the
erroneous impression that all
such folk lived down d~mth.
Come down, Uncle Ben, yd
pass the remnant of your dkAs
among the banditti. We won't
hurt you, and would be haig
to introduce you to our friends
and neighbors and induct them
into your manner of ox-driving.
That was your first occupation
the biographers say, you follow
ed in boyhood's days.
Crime and Hot Weather.
In ante bellum times it was
said-and experience sanctioned
it-that hot weather made people
quarrelsome and pugnacious.
This was true of New Orleans;
but it could be accounted for on
the ground that during the sum
mer solstice the business of the
season was over and people had.
more leisure to amuse themselves
and fight duels.
In the country, work is the
same all the year round; yet,
during last week, poor human
nature seems to have been
wrought up to an unusual pitch
in our parish, and sticks, pistols
and razors were in the ascend
ant. Whisky and the "green
eyed monster" seem to have been
the active agents at work, caus
ing one death and several as
saults with deadly weapons. If
this state of affairs should con
tinue our jail will require to be
enlarged as well as repaired.
We hasten to congratulate the
citizens of Lafourche parish on
the decree of the Supreme Court,
which restores to them the of
ficers actually elected in No
vember last. Time and patience
are great virtues, of which we
are now enjoying the fruits.
Laurent Francioni, Esq.,. of
the firm of Francioni & Folse,
commission merchants, No. 5
St. Louis street, put in his ap
pearance at the late Washington
Hotel on Tuesday last.
We are pleased to note the
fact that friend Laurent, former
ly one of oun most enterprising
and patriotic citizen, has met
with the success in New Orleans
to which his business qualifica
tions and liberal commercial
dealings entitle him. The jun
ior member of the firm, Oscar
Folse, represents the interests
of the firm during the absence
of Mr. Fraucioni. Success to
We have just had a call from
friend Caliste F. Alba, the popu
lar and faithful traveling clerk
of the well-known house of
McGrath & Compton, wholesale
grocers and commission mer
chants, Nos. 103 and 105 Poy
dras street, New Orleans, and
the only surviving brother of the
lamented Rodolphe E. Alba,
whose obituary appeared in our
last issue. In a conversation
with Mr. C. Alba at his tempo-ý
rary stopping place, the Wash-I
ington Hotel, he called our
attention to some errors inad
vertantly made in .the humble
tribute paid to the memory of
his briother in the PIONEER of
the 4th inst. In the name of
the deceased, the initial E.
should be substituted for C.,
and instead of saying that he
served with the Donaidsonville
Canoneers in Virginia, we should
have said in Company H., 28th
Regiment Louisiana Infantry, C.
S. A., with which he was con
nected from its formation to the
termination ot hostilities.
Mr. Caliste F. Alba, we are
happy to state, appears to be in
the enjoyment of his usual ex
cellent health and elasticity, and
is actively beating around to
extend the trade of his prosper
ons and reliable firm. He in
forms us that trade is dull in the
city, but smilingly refering to
the splendid erops he met with
every where in his travels ex
preeee4 himself as hopeful of a
f~ll fall trade,
Weather and Crops.
The showers have been fre
quent during the week, and the
cane is growing rapidly. It at
tains its most rapid growtl dur
ing the month of August, and
those who have watched closely,
say that it will grow from two
and a half to three inches in
twenty-four hours. One planter
says that a stalk of Egyptian
cane grew twenty-two inches in
seventeen days, last year. The
same planter told us a few days
since, that from seven eyes of
Egyptian cane, planted year be
fore last, he has now fourteen
rows, equal to one and a half
arpent of plant. This variety,
imported by W. Lapice, is likely
to do well in our State, and bids
fair to ratoon well.
Capt. Jim Bodley, of the firm
of Bodley Bros., and Bodley &
Keefe, foundrymen, Thibodaux,
La, put up at the Washington
Hotel, on Saturday last. Mr.
Bodley has now the complete
control of the cart, buggy and
wagon trade in this section,
there being no formidable com
peditor in the field who can com
pete with him in workmanship
promptitude in filling orders or
moderate changes. The foun
dry of Bodley & Keefe at Thibo
daux, regardless of expense, has
been placed on an equal footing
with any in the State, and is
now fully prepared to do all
kinds of work at the shortest
notice and upon the most liber
Mr. Bodley, we are pleased to
add, is in splendid health and
Wednesday last our friends
Capt. Kline and Col. Somer
ville, of Donaldsonville, were
booked at the Washington Ho
tel. Capt. Kline called our at
tention to his lumber boat in
front of Enola plantation, and
upon inspecting the same we
discovered the ,best cargo of
sawed lumber, such as shingles,
planks etc., that has ever been
in the bayou. It should cer
tainly meet with a ready sale,
as there is actually not a foot of
lumber to be had for love or
money in this vicinity.' In the
interior, onGrand Bayou, Bro.
Schwar and friend P. Labarre
turn out large quantities of
lumber per day, but can not be
gin to supply the present active
demand. Those in want of any
thing in Capt Kline's line can
not deal with a better fellow.
The fair given on the Attaka
pas canal, under the auspices of
James O'Keane, Esq., and lady,
on Saturday and Sunday last,
was most largely attenied and
liberally patronized. The pro
ceeas, which were unexpectedly
large, will be appropriated to
the benefit of the unpretentious
but handsome little Catholic
Chapel situated on the canal.
We congratulate our canal
friends on the complete success
of this, their first effort in be
half of a noble cause-the ad
vancement of christianity and
good morals. Circumstances
beyond our control prevented
a compliance with the polite and
pressing invitation of the head
centre, Mr. Auguste Arsement,
The Pennsylvania melish have
earned an unenviable notoitety1
for deserting their wounded comn
rades and running away; poor
fellows, all starch and buck run:
The Future Product of Sugar
in Our State.
In tjie year 1873, the sugar product
of Louisiana was 30,000 hogsheads;
in 1861, 459,410 hogsheads. Here
we have the extremes of the pro
duction of this staple, a great dif
ference, we must admit, and a fair
criterion of the increased prosperity I
of our State. The crop of 1876-
169,331 hogsheads-is the largest
since the great change in our labor
system. It is probable that the
growing crop will exceed that of
last year, unless it should meet
with some backset sufficient to in
terfere seriously with our present
prospects. All of the labor at our
disposal meets with employment
at remunerative wages, and plan
ters have not as much as they could
employ with profit.
Few planters are able to cultivate
all of their cleared land, and the
nuiuber of laborers is annually di
minishing; the old laborers are
gradually passing away and the
young are not generally disposed to
follow in the footateps of their "il
lustrious predecessors." Few work
from the love of occupation-this
applies to the human race generally
without regard to race, color or
previous condition-and we find,
as time progresses, the number of
field workers is diminishing year
by year, and the thoughtful are
looking ahead to provide some
means for the cultivation of their
fields wvhen the evil day comes.
Should the price of sugar keep
up there will be great competition
among planters to secure labor;
and the number of persons to be
hired for that purpose being reduc
ed,it necessarily follows that prices
will increase to such an exteant as
to absurb the profits which should
return to the owner ot the soil.
Unlike railroad men, we are wil
ling to pay good wages to our em
ployees when we make good crops
and obtaiid'air prices; but unfor
tunately for land owners, the prices
of labor are fixed in January, and
all the risk pertaining to the crops
I and the price obtained are deter
mined afterward-too late to pre
yent loss should the prices and
- quantity fall short. Unfortunately,
crops of cane are proverbially un
certain, and the planter mast take
the risk and s'and the consequences.
Gen. Banks, in one of his speeches
made at a planters meeting held st
the St. Charles Hotel, in New Or
leans, during the war. (made for
the latitude of Massachusetts) stat
5 ed that the sugar crop of Louisiana
would be quadrupled by free labor.
Few believed it then, and no one
believes it now.
Many of the men lwho labored in
the field at that time cl anged their
occupation, and the women, as a
general rule. ceased to follow any
kind of out-door work, thus, at one
fell swoop, diminishing ;he number
of laborers engaged is field labor.
The product of sugar at this time is
a matter of wonder to those who see
the number of laborers living in
cities and villages, literally doing
nothing ad producers; but the
cause is well known to the planter,
who looks closely into these matters
aud understands them thoroughly.
It is said, and with great truth,
that "necessity is the mother of in
vention," and the planters are not
made of the stuff that will witness
the gradual disappearance of their
fortunes without exercising their
wits to remedy the evil. In the
cultivation of their plantations they
have learned that improved im
plements and mules are important
factors in the production of a crop
of cane. On some plantations hoe
hands hate been so scarce that the
results are almost incredible; and
although it is a difficult matter to
draw planters from their accustom
ed ways, yet necessity knows no
law, and after a few more experi
ments of this kind they will all
l'arn that with strong teams the
plow;and other implements can be
made to supersede the hoe teo a great
extent, and accomplish much more
than they ever dreamed of.
In thickly populated countries
new machinery which dispenses
with the labor of human hands is
a misfortune to the workers of that
particular section; but that does
not apply to any pIlace in which
there is a scarcity of labor, as it is
in lower Louisiana, and we hail
with pleasure any machine which
adds to the products of our section
and dispenses with human hands,
to secure success.
[To aB CONTINUED.]
Notice to Teachers.
The examination of applicants
for Teachers of the Public Schools
of this parish, will take place at
N.poleonville-for males on Mon
day 13th inst., and for ladies on
Thursday the 16th inst.
Wx. M. MARKS,
Pres. School Board.
Two ugales and One Horse.
Applyto PRANCOIS GAUDIN,
The Ohio Candidate.
[N. Y. World.]
CINNNAT, July 25. - The
nomination of R. W. Bishop fcr
Governor by the Democrats i-.
generally considered a strong
one. Mr. Bishop, who is a
wealthy wholesale grocer of this
city, has a clear record politi
cally and personally, and has a
very large class of personal
friends throughout the State,
gained by a long and honorable
bn.iness career.. He held the
office of Mayor of tihis city for
several years, having been eleo
ted to it by an overwhelming
vote. He was also elected a
member of the State Cbnstitu
tional Convention by a large,
popular vote. He has held the
position of a trustee of the Cin
cinnati Southern Railroad since
its iniception and with the aid
of the other trustees has dis
bursed $16,000,000 of the pub
lic funds without a breath of
suspicion against his honor or
fidelity to the great trust. On
financial issues his record .is
clearly in opposition to contrac
tion or resumption at an early
day, having specially signalized
himself in the Boston conven
tion of several years ago, in
which he made a bold stand
against resumption in the face
of the whole convention, which
was about declaring for such a
step. He is about sixty years
of age, intelligent, of fine ap
pearance, with a keen eye and
fall gray beard. He is a promi
neunt member of the Christian
(Campbellite) Church, and this
fact will insure great popularity
throughout the northern and
central portions of the State.
The Democrats. here look upon
his nomination as a strong one,
and are confident of his election.
STATE OF LOUISIANA.
PARISH OF ASSUMPTION.
Succession of loais Foae. ac
N -tice is hereby given to the creditors
and all persons interested in said succes
sion, to show cause within ten days, if any
they have or can from date of publication
hereof, why the provisional account pre
sented by Louis J. Folse, tetamentary
executor of said succession, should not
be approved and homologated, and the
funds distributed in accordance therewith.
By order of the Court.
THOMAS DIVINE, Clerk.
STATE OF LOUISIANA.
PARISH OF AssuxrTIoN.
Succession of Addard Rousseaux,
and wife Azelie Porce.
WHERKA, Dufossard Rouseax, a resi
dent of the parish of Assumption, a., has
petitioned the Court of Letters of admin
istration on the Estate of the late Adelard
Rousseaux and wife Azdlie Porebe, de
ceased, intestate : Notice is hereby given
to all whom it mayconcern, to show ceaue,
within ten days from date of this notice
why the prayer of the petitioner ahould
not be granted
By order of the Court,
E. L. HEBEW~
Deputy Clerk of Court.
Assumption, La., August 8, 1877.
STATE OF LOUISIANA.
PARISH oF AssuxPriow.
Success88ion of Edward Pugh.
Notice is hereby given to the creditors
and all perm ns interested in said succession
to show cause within ten days from the
present notification, if any tey have or
can, whvthe provisional account present
ed by Robert Pugh, administrator of aid
succesion, should not be homologatedaad
approved, and the funds distrinbuted in
By order of the Court.
Ls8. C OkTHo AS DY .,
Assumption, 1%º, July 2S, 1877.
Taken up on the 13th day
of July,1877, a
DarkStorrel Mare, *
with a white spot on the nose and fore
head, and four feet black, branded on
the left shoulder AF.
Bra BwxJauax, Js.,
Justice Peace 2nd Watd.
Parish of Am pion, July 17, 187t