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Mrs. J. VOL BROCK, Editor.
.ntered as second class matter April 5, 1910
t the postomefle at Franlilinton, La., under
e Act of Congress of March 3. 1879.
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ddress all Communications to
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nklinton, La., April 29, 1920.
Sheep and Wool.
This is the very best time of
-year to outline a system of hand
ling sheep flocks so as to prevent
heavy infestation by internal
arasites. As much rotating of
asture as possible is to be re
oFnmended; wider range is pre
ferable to small lots for long per
iods; by all means prevent the
flock from coming habitually in
to worm infested barn lots and
the yards around deserted houses
where the grass soon becomes
heavily infested with worms.
Department Circular 47 and
Louisiana Extension Circular 31
on stomach worm control may be
secured from this office.
When introducing rams from
Northern states, the animals
should be bought early; winter
ad early spring purchases have
one best. Bringing Northern
ams to our climate and grass in
id-summer is attended with con
'derable hazard under average
onditions, and results have some
wee been disappointing. When
ver sheep are brought from a
istance to Louisiana, buyers
should give special feed and care
till the animals have become ac
customed to the new surroundings
The wool market is not yet act
ive. Medium wools must be put
up in the best possible condition
this year. Local and near-by
wool houses have expressed their
intention of buying wool. Half a
dozen buyers have have express
ed an intention of covering this
territory and personally visiting
communities offering 5,000 pounds
of wool or more. Experience in
this state indicates that pooling
of the wool is advisable, and the
best method of disposal is spot
cash on day of sale.
This office recommends that
owners of native sheep hold such
stock in higher regard than is oue.
tomary. These sheep are adapt
ed to our conditions and are hard.
ier than any sheep we can import.
Their evident Merino derivation
and long period of acclimation in
the South give these sheep a dis
tinct advantage over all others;
by retaining only the best from
year to year this type of sheep
may be muchimproved, The in
difference that farmere have
shown to breeding up the native
ram to be found is altogether pre
ferable to pure bred scrubs often
G. P. Williams,
Extension Sheep Specialist.
Sheriff Sale.--No. 3272.
Washington Bank & Trust
Houston Sheridan, et als.
Notice is hereby given that by virtue
of a writ ot fieri facias, issued out
of the s2th JudlcialDistrict Court of
Loalsiana, in and for Washington
Parish, in the above entitled cause,
and to me directed. I will proceed to
sellat public auction to the last and
highest bidder, on
Saturday, May 8, 1920
at the principal front door of the court
house at Franklinton, La., between
Aegal sale hours for judicial sales, the
dollowing described property, being
mid situated in Washington Parish,
Oe hundred sixty sacres of land,
ee oress, being in the seel, section
39, Township 8, Range 12 east, St.
Terms of sale: Cash with benefit
Xhis the 80th day of March, L980.
J, EB. Bateman, Bheriff.
we4p g$ur government and
;y ourself att~e same time--boy
H. CL, EXPENSE
Director General Hines Says Rail
road Transportation Costs
Are Lowest in History.
ItOT CAUSE OF HIGH PRICES.
Freight Advances Compared With Rise
in Value of Goods--Transportation
Cheapest Thing Public Buys.
Charges on Some Articles.
Data compiled from authoritative
sources shows that railroad freight
rates are the least factor in the cost
of living. Although the proportion of
the total cost of goods that can be
charged to transportation is not known
with statistical accuracy, it is estimat
ed that the average transportation cost
of things produced in this country is
a very small percentage of their total
cost to the consumer.
Freight Cost 2.4 Per Cent of Total.
In a letter to Representative John J.
Esch, chairman of the House Commit
tee on Interstate and Foreign Com
merce, Julius Kruttschnitt, chairman
of the Southern Pacific Company,
points out that in the last five years
the value of goods increased on an av
erage of $63 a to&, while freight
charges advanced only 60 cents a ton.
In five years, he explains, the aver
age value of freight carried by the
railroads increased from $56 to $119 a
ton. The cost of carrying this increas
ed from $2 to $2.80, paid to the rail
roads. In 1914, he adds, 3.6 per cent
of the total cost of the goods was
spent for transportation. In 1919 only
2.4 per cent was spent
"In other words," Mr. Kruttschnitt
writes, "only 80 cents out of $63, or 1.3
cents out of every dollar of increase in
value of commodities in 1919 was caus
ed by increased freight charges. '~lAe
responsibility for the remaining $62.20,
or 98.7 cents out of every dollar, must
be sought elsewhere. It was not cats
ed by freight rates."
Rates Lowest In History.
Comparison with transportation
charges in other countries shows that
in no other country of the world is
transportation furnished at so low a
cost as in the United States. Compar
ed, too, with the cost of other goods
and services today, railroad transporta
tion is the cheapest thing the public
buys. It is sold for less than the cost
of production, considering all the ele
ments of cost.
In a statement on this subject to the
New England Bankers' Association
Walker D. Hines, Director General of
"I think it is a fair statement
that at the present time, despite
the increases which have taken
place in freight rates, a ton of
steel or a ton of coal, a bushel of
wheat or the unit of any other
commodity has to pay for trans
portation a less percentage of the
price of that commodity than ever
before in the history of the coun.
Charges on Somo Articles.
Before the. war a suit of clothing
from one of the Chicago facteries, sell
ing for $30 in a retail shop, was car
rled from Chicago to Los Angeles for
16% cents. The suit of clothes now
retails at $50 or $860, but the freight
rate on that 2,265 mile haul has in
creased only 5% cents, while the prie*
of the goods has gone up $20 or $30.
The 22 cents does not cover all the
transportation cost l1 a suit of clothes,
the transportation charge for carrying
the wool from the ranges and the
cloth to the clothing manufacturer and
other minor carrying costs enter into
the consideration, but the final trans
portation charge is the principal one,
and the other charges add only a few
* New England shoes are shipped
from Boston to Florida at a cost of less
than 52-3 cents a pair. This is an in
crease of only one cent over the pre
war rate. The railroads also carry
beef from Chicago to New York for a
charge of about two-thirds of a cent
a pound. Typewriters are carried from
New York to St. Louis for 66 cents. A
$150 phonograph is carried by freight
ftrom New York to Atlanta for $2.85.
A grand piano is carried clear across
the continent for $89 and in carload
lots for $28.
These are typical freight rates, and
they make It plain that American rail
roads give the lowest cost service in
Even with a very considerable In
crease in rates to make the roads self
supporting, transportation will still be
the cheapest thing the public buys.
EMPLOYEES' SHARE OF RAILWAY REVENUES.
Year Number of Men Payroll ings per man.
1909 1,502,823 $ 998,323,694 $ 657.64
1910 1,699,420 1,143,725,306 673.01
1911 1,669,809 1,208,466,470 '23.72
1912' 1,716,380 1,252,347,697 729.64
1913 1,815,239 1,373,830,589 756.83
1914 1,695,483 1,373,422,472 810.05
1915 1,524,978 1,260,186,340 826.36
1916 1,700,814 1,506,960,995 886.02
019 1,732,576 1,739,482,142 1,003.99
1918 1,829,660 2,581,884,559 1,418.10
,.. •. ,'-.",,,, .
RETURN OF ROADS
Urge Policy to Insure Best Serv
ice at Lowest Cost Consist
ent With Fair Returns.
Representative Agriciitural Organiza
tions and Rural Press State Farm-,
ers' Attitude Toward Railroads.
Want Private Operation.
Private ownership of the railroads
under a policy of government regula
tion which will insure the best possible
service at the lowest cost consistent
with fair returns on money invested in
them is favored by representative
farmer organizations throughout the
country. This policy also is supported
generally by agricultural newspapers,
which state emphatically that the
farmers are opposed not only to gov
ernment ownership of railroads, but
also to all nationalization plans.
In a letter to the members of the
United States Senate T. C. Atkeson,
Washington representative of the Na
tional Grange, which is said to be the
largest organization of its kind in the
world, representing more than 1,000,
000 farm owners in the United States,
states that the agricultural Interests of
the country approve of private owner
ship of the railroads and further de
clares that persons purporting to speak
for the farmers in support of govern
ment ownership are neither farmers
nor representatives of any considera
ble numnlber of farmers.
Favor Private Operation.
"The Grange," says Mr. Atkeson,
quoI:,l: the official action of his or
ganization, "approves of the general
principles of railroad legislation now
pending in Congress to return the rail
roadl to their owners, to bring about
the reorganization of the railroad com
panies into strong systems with capi
tal!zution based on actual value, and
to create a control commission which
may enforce the superior interest of
the public to that of any other interest
in the operation of railroads as com
mon carriers and effectively protect
the public against exploitation or in
Many state and sectional agricul
tural organizations take a similar
stand. Immediately' after the National
Grange expressed Its attitude toward
the railroad question the American
Farm Bureau. meeting in Chicago, vot
ed for private operation, and the Na
tional Farmers' Congress, in session at
Hagerstown, IMd., voiced like senti
ments. The New York State Federa
tion of County Farm Bureau Organi
zatiofs and the Indiana Federation of
Farmers went beyond that and joined
the Grange in repudiating the alleged
farmer representatives in Washington,
who said they spoke for an "over
whelming majority of the farmers."
Urge Reasonable Returns.
The railroad policy favored by the
New York State Federation of County
Farm Bureau Organizations was stat
ed in the following resolution:
"Whereas, There have been conflict
ing statements published regarding the
attitude of farmers upon the question
of the future ownership of railways;
therefore be it
"Resolved, That the New York State
Federation of County Farm Bureau As
1sociatlons, representing 70,000 mem
hers, in annual session at Syracuse, N.
Y., December 19, 1919, hereby indorses
the action of the American Farm Bu
reau Federation in urging Congress to
promptly return the railways to their
owners under such conditions as will
Insure reasonable returns on the value
of the property and reasonable rates of
transportation throughout the coun
Views of Farmer Papers.
The American Agriculturist states
editorially that the farmers are "dead
set against" the "scheme to enmesh the
farmers in the web of radicalism."
The Pennsylvania Farmer, discussing
the general demand for private opera
tion of the railroads, says: "It is espe
cially true of farmers, in spite of the
declaration of a few would be leaders
to the contrary." The Stockman
"Farmers almost unanimously ap
prove the return of the railroads and
the express companies to their owners.
The reason is that farmers, as well as
other business men, want service of
these institutions, and they cannot get
such service, under public operation as
they can get under the operation of
corporations, which have a direct flnan
dal interest in performing it."
Wl'ith acknowledgmentsto, K., C. B.
"oLok out, fllows%
ifs leap yeor"
YOU'VE ALL read. THAT THE man.
) " k HOW THE great detective. WHO SMOKES it.
SHERLOCK HOLMES. IS BOUND to be.
COULD LOOK at the ash. HANDSOME AND clover.
FROM A cigarette. AND GOOD and contented,
AND TELL you then. AND THERE are only.
ALL ABOUT the man. THREE MILLION of hinr,
BUT THE dear girls. IN THE country.
HAVE SHERLOCK stopped. SO THEY all had.
FOR ALL they need BETTER LOOK out.;
SJUT on AND IF you get.
IS JUST one look ....
"* " CAUGHT WITH tho goods,
AT THE outside.
* * * DON'T SAY.
OF THE package, * * *
* * I DIDN'T warn you.
THAT'S ALL. * * *
'* 0 I T doesn't take a Sherlock to find
AND IF it is. out why Chesterfields "satisfy."
' ' 0 Fine tobaccos i one reason. Supc
THE CIGARETTE. rior blending i- another. And the
* n moisture-proof, : I as s i n e paper
THAT "SATISFIES. wrapper is a third. This expert
THE GIRLS know. blend of fine T::rkish and Domestic
HE GIRLS owtobaccos will say things to your
taste that will confirm everything
RIGHT OFF. you ever heard about "satisfy."
Mrs. F. M. Jones, of
Palmer, Okla., writes:
"From the time I en
tered into womanhood
.. I looked with dread
from one month to the
next. I suffered with my
back and bearing-down
pae, until life to me was
a misery. I would think
I could not endure the
pain any longer, and I
gradually got worse.. .
Nothing seemed to hep
me until, one day, . .
I decided to
The Woman's Tonic
"I took four bottles,"
Mrs. Jones goes on to
say, "and was not only
greatly relieved, but can
truthfully say that I have
not a pain. . .
"It has now been two
years since I took Cardui,
and I am still in good
health. . . I would ad
vise any woman or girl
to use Cardui who is a
sufferer from any female
If you sufferpain caused
from womanly trouble, or
if you feel the need of a
good strengthening tonic
to build up yourrun-down
system, take the advice
of Mrs. Jones. TryCar
dul. It helped her. We
belieye it will help you.
To contract hardwood logging.
A. L. Hickman, Supt.,
Richard P. Baer & Co,
Ilardwood Logs Wantt4ed.
Highest prices paid for aI
kinds of hardwood logs. Appl.ý
to A. L. Hicplkman, Supt.,
Richard P. Baer & Co.,
M. MARX, Prop'r.
Also all grades of
before the high
prices and can
any store in the
United States in
List of 'i;raed Jurors.
JW. W I'. Wa:.ýc u ....... .... 1
S. L. S ith.... ........... 2
F. R. Miller.... ......... 2
L. T. Burkhalter ........... 3
E. A. Ca(rtr ........ ....... 3
R. L. liurris........ ...... 3
L. I. Adi;:ms...... ...... 4
L. P. Pic.'l'........... ..... 4
J. P. Rihiiardson ........... 4
R. H. Magee.............. 5
McCauley Crain.... ....... 5
C . 1 . .I,'e" ........ ......... 6
J. D. .r klteri e .............. 6
W. F. Ford.... .......... 7
J. J. Crain................ 7
Chas. P. To',e.y ........... 8
Ollie BI ;d ................. 9
Geo. W, Foil............... 8
A. D. M ez ... ......... ... 9
I hereby certify that the above
and foregoing is a true and cor
rect list iof Grand ,Jurors drawn
for servic ,( f,,* the May term of
the 26th Judicil District Court
of Louisiana folr Washington Par
ish, and accordiing to law.
Given under my !a;iid and seal
officially this i. 0tii day ,f rccl: ,
Al. A. ''tlIm ·,Ev,
(Seal.) Clerk of Court.
Sheriff Sale-No. 3362.
Heirs of Maurice Heiman.
Notice is hereby given that by vir
tue of an order of seizure and sale is
sued out of the 26th. Judicial District
Court of Louisiana, in and for Wash
ington Parish, in the above entitled
cause, and to me directed, I will pro
ceed to sel! at public auction to the
last and highest bidder, on
Saturday, May 29, 1920
at the principaliront door of the court
house at Franklinton, La., between
the legal sale hours for judicial sales,
the following described property, be
ing and situated in WashingLton Par
isb, La., to-wit:
Lots 17 and 18, Block 63, Commer
cial or Northeast Bogalusa.
Terms of sale.-Cash without ap-,
This the 19th day of April, A. D.
J. E. Bateman, Sheriff.
How To Use It.
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