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The true Democrat. (Bayou Sara [La.]) 1892-1928, November 02, 1912, Image 1

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lXI St. Francisville, West Feliciana Parish La., Saturday, November 2.1912. No.40
.;, . . . . . . . . . . .. . _Il i l I l I I l
K. C. SMITH, President. DR. C. F. HOWELL, Vice-President. t
$ DAVID I. NORWOOD, Cashier. ANCEL ARD, Assistat Cashier. _
THE PEOPLE'S BANK
St. Francisville, La.
Capital - - $50,000 f
Surplus - - $10,000
DIREOCORS: "
K. C. Smith, A. F. Barrow, Samuel Carter, B. E. Eskridge, C.
Weydert, C. F. Howell, Ben Mann, F. O. Ham
ilton, Wm. Kahn, D. I. Norwood.
A general banking business ransacted. Liberal accommodation
in accord with sound and conservative banking extended patrone. +
Certificates of Deposit Bearing 4 Per Cent. Interest to Time Depositors.
* *
PRESCRIPTIONS
Our Prescription Department is
our Pride and we make the filling
of Prescriptions a Specialty. We use
only materials of highest standard of
Purity and Strength.
Close attention to this Department
and years of experience have won
for us the confidence of both Phy
sician and Patient.
ROYAL PHARMACY,
ST. FRANCISVILLE, LA.
emmmmmmmmmmmm
S. I. Reymond Co., Ltd.,
Cor Main and Third Streets
Baton Rouge, La.
Dry Goods, Notions, Shoes Hats,
Clothing, llousefurnishing, Etc.
CHAS. TADLOCK
GARPENTER AND BUILDER
Estimates Furnished on
Application
Wire Doors and Screens
SSpecialty
Window and Door Frames.
Mantels, Etc.
First-Class Heart Shingles
Always On Hand.
"Do Unto Others As You Would
Have Them Do Unto You."
This is to inform the people that I have moved my store in
the old Gastrell building, where I shall be glad to see my cus
tomers and to serve them.
As the high water has crippled me considerably and as I had to
go to heavy expense, I would like to see everyone I have favor
ed come forward and do unto me as I have done to them.
Columbus and Weber Wagons, Parry Buggies, American Wire
Fence 192 Ibs. to the roll and 26 Inches high, Deering Harvester
Tools, International Engine, and all the leading hardware imple
ments obtainable always on hand or on short notice.
Champion Potato Digger--the kind to dig peanuts and sweet
and Irish Potatoes--can be seen in operation at W. Daniel's, Jr.
CHARLES WEYDERT'S
OF COURSE.
SEND YOUR PRINTING TO THIS OFFICE,
WHERE IT WILL BE DONE PROPERLY......
Proposed Constitutional Changes
Synopsis of the Amendments Proposed by the Regular and
Special Sessions of Legislature to be Voted on Tuesday.
TIMES-DEMOCRAT.
I .I
+ At the general election which will
take place next week, the voters of
Louisiana will be called upon to cast
a deciding opinion on several amend
ments that have been proposed to
the Constitution of the State. Every
+ amendment relates to an important
article of the Constitution, and the
* voter who has not informed himself
on them will be handicapped at the
polls.
. A proposed armendment is the one
referring to the reopening of the
"grandfather's clause."
This amendment provides that from
the time of its adoption the office of
the registrar of voters in the respec
tive parishes of the State shall be
kept open each day, legal holidays
excepted, for the registration of vot
ers up to and including Aug. 31, 1913.
The object of this amendment is to
provide that all persons whose names
shall appear on the registration list
shall be admitted to register for all
the elections in this State without
possession the educational or proper
ty qualifications prescribed by the
Constitution, unless otherwise disqual
ified, and all persons who do not by
personal application claim exemptions
t from the provisions of sections 3 and
4 of article 197, before Sept. 1, 1913,
┬║ shall be forever denied the right to
do so.
SThe next amendment proposes an
amendment to article 281 of the Con
stitution of the State, relative to the
incurring of debt and the issuing of
bonds for work of public improve
meat and to the validation and re
funding of bonds issued for such im
provements by municipal corporations
.parishes, schools, drainage, sewerage
and other districts, and the assess
ment of special taxes and the forced 1
contributions to pay for the same.
The next amendment re-enacts ar
ticle 223 of the Constitution by pro- I
viding for the recall.
It provides that any officer of this t
State or of any subdivision, except I
the judiciary, shall be subject to re
call when such recall shall be peti
tioned for by 30 per cent of the reg- t
istered voters of the political subdi
vision at the last preceding general I
election for the office of the incum
bent for which the recall is sought. 8
The minimum time for calling the e
first recall election shall be one year
after the officer takes up his duties e
and the minimum time for the sec- t
oud recall shall be three months and
the maximum time five months. t
The next amendment provides for
thc election of an additionaljudge for c
the Fifteenth Judicial District. The v
usual words "for" and "against" Lhe a
amendment will appear on the offi
cial ballot. t
The next amendment proposes that b
the tax for Confederate pensions
shall be one mill, provided that in e
no event shall the amount expended 8
in any one year exceed $500,000. The o
tax of one mill, or the part thereof ri
as may be necessary to make the tl
$500,000, shall be exclusively used i
for the payment of pensions. This e
amendment touches article 303 of the 8i
Constitution, and the voter will be 8
guided accordingly. P
Another amendment is to Article
210, which provides that women may ti
serve on educational and charitable la
boards of the State. This was a ques- t
tion threshed out in the last campaign II
and in the Legislature and was a it
platform ,plank of each of the candi. t
dates for Governor. In voting the m
voter will be guided by the Article Si
210.
The next amendment proposes an w
amendment to Article 157 of the Con- st
stitution, by providing that where a ti
vacancy exists in any elective office ti
of the parish, where the unexpired st
term is for a longer period than one ty
ytar, the same shall be filled by a in
special election. If the vacancy is ir
for less than one year the Governor tr
shall appoint.
The next amendment provides for pl
the refunding of the bonded indebt- y(
edness of the State, which falls due fu
Jan. 1, 1914. The debt of the State, st
bonded, to $11,108,300. It matures st
Qn the date above named. It bears
4 per cent interest. Under the el
terms of the amendment, the Board re
of Liquidation of the State Debt is pa
given the authority to issue new -
coupon bonds at a rate of interest
ill not exceeding 4 per cent. The word
of ing of the amendment goes fully in
,5t to the details.
d- This particular amendment refers
to to Article 46 of the Constitution. Un
^y der its terms the Board of Liquida
ut tion of the State Debt shall under
ie certain limitations have the power
If to settle all outstanding "Baby
ze Bonds," excluding those which may
have been fraudulently issued for
Lc school cretificates under Article 120
le cf 1880; certificates issued under Act
93 of 1880 for costs and fees due
m State officers; warrants drawn prior
)f t(. 1880 and fundable but not funded
. into "Baby Bonds."
e The next proposes an amendment
to Article 291 of the Constitution so
t. that police juries after forming road
. Improvement districts may set aside
o 1 mill of the taxes for such work
,s and impose a per capita tax of $1
t per annum on each able-bodied male
inhabitant between the ages of 18
,t and 55, etc.
An amendment is proposed where
e by every parish and self-taxing mu
nicipality shall have the right to ex
empt new industrial enterprises and 1
s the improved value added to unim
proved lands by immigrants, for a
period not exceeding ten years. This
is not an amendment to any article
of the Constitution, but an addition.
On he tballot will appear the words
"For the Constitutional amendment
authorizing parishes and self-taxing
municipalities to exempt new indus
- trial enterprises, etc., from local
taxes for a period not to exceed. ten
years."
The next amendment is similar in
nature and provides for the exemp- t
tion for twenty years of all corpora
tions organized to lend money on
mortgages and country property at t
a rate of interest not exceeding 6
per cent net to the borrower, with
power to negotiate bonds and securi
ties of local taxing districts. The cor
poration shall not have the right to
do a banking business of any sort. t
This amendment would be an addi
tion to the Constitution.
By the next amendment it is pro
posed to exempt from taxation mon
ey in hand or on deposit. This is
a simple straight cut proposition. The a
amendment provides that money in
hand or on deposit shall not be tax
ed. It would also be an addition to b
the Constitution.
The next amendment provides thats
the people may by a vote exempt 0
from taxation an amount not to ex.
ceed $2,000, to be deducted from the
value of dwellings. This means that o
a man who owns a house that is not t
worth more than $2,000 shall not be
taxed on such property. This would
be a new article to the Constitution.
The next amendment provides that
every parish through Its police jury T
shall have the right on the petition
of one-fourth of the qualified electo
rate to submit at special election
the question as to whether or not the
Jury ,shall have the power to ex
empt the cities and towns within the
subdivision from the payment ,f
taxes and licenses levied for parish I
purposes.
In case such exemption is granted
the city, incorporated town or vil
lage, shall make a contribution 'o
the parochial authorities. The amount
may be determined by the police 1
jury and the other constituted au
thority, and in case of a disagree- in
ment the matter shall be left to the s
State Tax Commission. ta
th
Another amendment proposed,which th
would be a new article to the Con
stitution, would exempt from taxa
tion for a period of ten years from
the date of completion, the cap:tal
stock, franchises and certain proper- ti
ty of all corporations operating with
in the State a combined system of
irrigation, na''igation and hydro-elec
tric power using fresh water, provid
ed that each system shall be com- gr
pleted and in operation within five
years from Jan. 1, 1913, and provided
further that not less than $5,000.000 cc
shall be used in the ÔéČonatrunction if $1
such system. TI
The next amendment proposes to th
exempt from taxation all the legal ro
reserve of all the life insurance com- ll
panies organized under the laws of
(Continued on page four.) of
Square Deal in Taxes
Evils in Present System Cause oflDemand for Remedies
Proposed in Amendment No. 1.
By E. E. MOISE
d- The long continued demand for a
u- square deal in -taxes resulted some
years ago in the report of the com
rs mission appointed by Gov. Blanchard.
n- That commission's report, which re
z- commended segregation, was never
,r considered by the legislature that
=r went out in May. All three candid
y ates for Governor advocated a
y change. "I favor the segregation of
r state and local taxation," said John
0 T. Michel. "I believe that the segre
;t gation of State and local revenue is
e the only remedy," said Dr. J. B.
r Aswell. "We demand a fundamental
l change in our obsolete and unjust
system,"said Governor Hall. Former
t Governor Sanders and Theodore S.
o Wilkinson have expressed themseles
3 similarly.
e Governor Hall brought together a
tax commission composed of members
of the legislature and tax experts.
Their report went to the legislature
and the commission assisted the
legislature in ,perfecting the minor
details of the plan as it is proposed
in Amendment No. 1, and in writing
the other tax amendments not vital
to the reform of the present system.
The legislature spent the 15 days
extra session on 18 bills and 13 reso
lutions, a total of 31 items of legisla
tion. It had attended to 833 items
in 60 days at the regular session.
15 days is one-quarter of 60 days.
The legislature handled 208 bills
and resolutions in 15 days of the
regular session and only 31 at the
extra session. It had no disinterest
ed, expert advice at the regular ses
sion. The good men had to fight
many lobbyists. The lobbyists knew
th'y would be very closely watched
at. the extra session and the worst t
of them kept away. The figures show t
that the regular session worked near a
seven times as fast as the extra sea
sion and without expert advice. l
Figure it out for yourself. You will I
have to conclude that there is a
nothing in the silly statement that r
the work was rushed. i
That the peeople want a change is b
admitted. That the plan proposed t
is the well considered and carefully 8
worked out system of experts who t'
know other tax system than our own
and a legislature that knows Louis- P
lana is clear, The questions open ii
for debate are these: Does the plan C
benefit the whole people? Will it r
stop tax dodging? Does it give home l(
rule in taxation, lighten the burden t]
of the small property owner and load P
their rightful share of the expenses le
of government on the corporations, 11
railroads and other big "interests" tl
that have escaped? Does it tie the cl
load on so it wll stay? al
Lands in north Louisiana are more
heavily assessed in proportion to
their value than In south Louisiana.
The north then pays more and the
south less than is fair to the state
taxes. Lands will be assessed only of
for Ilocal taxation. lihey will not be
taxed by the state. This is home rule
in taxation and it removes the evil 5
without hnrtlng the south. What one ri
section collects for and spends on its ia
local affairs does not concern the ai
other. See Section 4 of Article 2.
The state now levies 5 mills on all
property. The road .tax is Q mill
and the Confederate pension fund tax d
1-5 mill. The adoption of the Con
federate pensions amendment No. 5
increasing the tax to one mill, is ab
solutely certain. Then the state
taxes will de 614 mills. In return for
the property segregated to the state
the parishes are authorized to levy I
six mills in addition to their present
rate. The taxpayers therefore save
% mill that they will pay if Amend- b
ment No. 1 be defeated. See Sec
tion 1, Article 6, Amendment No. 1,
and read your tax bills. d
The state road tax is cut out. What t
becomes of the roads? See Para
graph .D, Arti~cle 9, Amendment No.l, bi
which gives the roads $150,000 and Fi
half the automobile tax, which is bE
conservatively estimated to total
$100,000. See Section 4, ArtIble 3.
The parishes are ordered to spend le
their half of the $100,000 on the
roads. The parishes can collect a $5 ni
license also on each automobile.
What about the veterans? See a
Amendment No. 5 and Paragraph C -
of Article 9 In No. 1. The reform
a amendment guarantees the veterans
$e $550,000 that would be raised by the
n- one mill tax and leaves the way
d. clear to more pensions if the pea
e- iule desire it.
or The present system gets the cost
at of roads and pensions from all prop
d- erty. The reform amendment gets
a the road money and pension money
)f from the corporation and special in
I terests, cuts the taxpayers' bill by
- '4, mill, gives the parish another mill
never collected by the state and
3. leaves the roads 'and the veterans
nl better off than before. ' You may
It check this statement by reading the
'r amendments.
All state license taxes, except on
' saloons and other businesses strict
ly under police power, are abolished.
a The parishes are permitted to levy
8 licenses as at present except on per
sons making a living without using
e rations not to exceed 2 cents a share.
e On the organization of domestic
r corporations for profit, banks, frater
nal insurance companies and building
and loan associations, not to exceed
$10 and not more than one-twentieth
oi 1 per cent on the increases.
A graduated scale is provided for
the organization of private corporar
tions for the privilege of exercising
corporate functions.
The annual ad valorem 'tax on all
automobiles and horseless vehicles
used for the transportation of per
sons or freight for hire.
On cotton future contracts idi lieu
of all licenses to future brokers. On
all grain, coffee, rice and sugar fu
ture contracts.
On inheritances for the benefit of
the general fund. Every detail of
the collection of inheritances Is de
scribed in the amendment.
Local political subdivisions shall
have the power to levy licenses on
businesses and occupations falling
strictly within the police power do
main, except that local Licenses lev.
ied on the liquor traffic shall not
be less than the licenses levied by
the State. Such local subdivisions
shall( have the right, as each may de
termine, to levy license taxes, clas
sified and graduated, with due res
pect to equality and uniformity with
in each class; on all businesses not
covered in Article II, under certain
restrictions. In no event shall any
local license exceed 10 per cent of
the gross receipts of the license,
provided that' no license shall be
less than $5. Whenever a municipal
license equals the license levied by
the parish, then the municipal li
cense shall be the only one due
and collectable.
All assessments for State purposes
shall be made by the State Tax Com
mission. The office of the commis
sion shall be at Baton Rouge, and
each member shall receive a salary
of $5,000 per annum, with actual travy
eling expenses.
An important feature of the com
mission is that it shall have the
right and power to summon witnesses
and compel the production of books
and papers.
After Jan. 1, 1914, all assessments
for State purposes, with certain ex
ceptions, shall be made by April 1,
of each year, and the taxes shall be
due and payable on the first Monday
in June. Taxes shall become delin
quent on the first Monday in Sep
tember.
Public service corporations shall be
assessed on their physical property
anad on their franchises separately.
Incorporated banks shall be assessed
by assessing the stockholders in the
book value of the stock. Individual
bankers, banking firms and unincor
porated banks, shall be assessed on
the amount of capital, surplus and un
divided profits actually employed in
the business. Certain deductions are
made to cover local assessments,
bad debts, unearned interest, etc.
Foreign banks, Individual bankers,
banking firms, etc., shall be assessed
on such proportion of their -capital
as is actually employed in the State,
less certain deductions.
Insurance, banking, surety compa
nies, persons, firms and sassociations,
exclusive of fraternal associations,
shall be taxed on a percentage of
(Continued on page two.)

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