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The True Democrat.
I. XXI St. Francisville, West Feliciana Parish La., Saturday, January II. 1913 No.5
Our Prescription Department is
our Pride and we make the filling
of Prescriptions a Specialty. We use
only materials of highest standard of
Purity and Strength.
Close attention to this Department
and years of experience have won
for us the confidence of both Phy
/ sician and Patient.
ST. FRANCISVILLE, LA,
--`- - --'
S. I. Reymond Co., Ltd.,
Cor Main and Third Streets
Baton Rouge, La.
Dry Goods, Notions. Shoes Hats,
Clothing, lousefurnishing, Etc.
CARPENTER AND BUILDER
Esti&ates Furnished on
Wire Doors and Screens
i Specialty ]
Window and Door Frames.
First-Class Heart Shingles
Always On Hand.
"Do Unto Others As You Would
Have Them Do Unto You."
This is to inform the peopie that I have moved my store in
the old Gastrell building, whe'e I shall be glad to see my cus
tomers and to serve them.
As the high water has crippled me considerably and as I had to
go to heavy expense, I would like to see everyone I have favor
ed come forward and do unto mre as I have done to them.
Columbus and Weber Wag;ns, Parry Buggies, American Wire
Fence 192 Ibs. to the roll and 26 inches high, Deering Harvester
Tools, International Engine, and all the leading hardware imple
ments obtainable always on hand or on short notice.
Champion Potato Digger-thC kind to dig peanuts and sweet
and Irish Potatoes-can be seen in operation at W. Daniel's, Jr,
.. .. . . - _ -- - " 7.= -T -- ---- - . . .. . . .........
THE MAN WHO EVENS UP.
In a Pullman car between Boston
,d New York, somle young men were
caking, not long ago, of a nminis
r who had engaged in questionable
-incial ventures with disastrous re
Its not only to those who trusted
in, but also to his own moral and
ligious character. The love of
oney had got possession of him.
laming newspaper head-lines told to
le world the story of his dishonesty.
The young men who discussed the
cident were all business men. They
-poke of it as if it had discredited
ot merely the erring minister, but
ho whole ministry, and religious
nin in general. Then a man in a
meighboring chair, who had listened
o their talk, asked permission to
how them an item in the newspaper
f the same day.
"Here is a missionary from Alas
a just returned to New York for
short vacation," said he. "He has
raveled thousands of miles on snow
hoes in company with a single In
lan guide. The mercury has often
eon seventy below zero--fifty bo
low has been common. This man is
. dentist and a doctor; he extracts
e.ching teeth; he washes out and
dresses wounds and sores, and pre
scribes for sickness; he marries the
young, and burries the dead. He com
ferts the sorrowing, defends 'he
helpless, stops illicit liquor-selling,
puts his life in daily peril from cold
and starvation and the revenge of
wicked men. He helps the miners,
a~.d brings back to their memories
the good lessons they learned at
"That's the kind of man that evens
up!" exclaimed one young man.
"That's the real thing!"
There was a chorus of assent, and
the whole tone of the conversation
changed. The inconspicuous item
that told of one minister's her'oism re
minded each man of the goodnels
of brave Christian men he had
known, men who were not to be dis
credited by one man's fall.
Now and then the moral sense of
a' community is shocked by the wrong
doing of a man whom all have trust
ed. Let us remember that it is the
exceptional character of the event
that gives it its wide circulation. The
iuen who "even up" are always there,
and in far greater number than those
who betray the confidence of their
f,-llow men.-Youth's Companion.
EUROPE HAS NO "MIDDLEMAN."
"Take the profit away from the
middleman who is now getting it
all, and divide it between the con
sumer apd the producer," says Miss
Lillian Johnson, formerly a teacher in
the Central High School of Memphis.
She declares that this will solve the
high coSt of living.
"What we need in this country is
a co-operative credit and marketing
process ,such as they have in Eu
rope. Why, the farmers in Germany
are better off than our farmers and
even in Ireland they have such a
splendid system of farm credits that
the farmers there are happy for the
first time in their lives."
Miss Johnson, who has a doctor's
degree from Cornell, acquired after
she had earned her A. B. degree at
the University of Michigan, went
abroad a year ago with Miss Ernes
tine Noa, of Nashville. Their idea
at the time was to study the Mon
tessori kindergarten methods. But
when they discovered that they were
not only able to pay rent, but to en
joy every table luxury in Europe for
less money than it cost them at home
for meat and vegetables they turn
ed their attention to studying econ
omic conditions abroad, believing that
they would be of more valueand of
greater importance than was the kin
"We were students of Professor
Lubin, who was a delegate to the
International Institute of Agriculture
at Rome and whowas also a delegate
to the meeting of the Southern Com
mercial Congress held at Nashville
last year," said Miss Johnson. "Great
ly to our amazement we discovered
that the farmers in Germany, Italy
and Ireland were better off than
the majority of our farmers.
"In Italy the story of the redemp
tion of the farmers is almost like a
fairy tale. It was a poor school
teacher who first broached the idea
of farm credits. He started a bank
with $20; and was laughed to scorn
by his associates. But today that
poor school teacher has a place in
the king's cabinet and the banks
founded by him did a business last
year of $9,000,000.
"This is the way they work. Ihe
municipalities co-operate with their
fine terminal markets and branch
distributing markets and also with
their auction markets to take care of
all food stuff that can not be
handled in the ordinary way. In this
way the farmer gets the best price
obtainable when he ships his produce
to the towns. He Is not at the mer
cy of the middleman.
"There are credits in two classes,
personal and land credits. The lat
ter are long time loans at a low in
terest. The personal loans are from
the farmer's banks direct. The di
rectors of these banks are the farm
ers themselves. They lend money
on their personal knowledge of the
would-be creditor and have no oth
er security than his promise to pay.
These loans cover the period be
tween seed time and harvest time,
and then at harvest time the bank
receives its money back at slight in
Woodrow Wilson used some phras
es the other day that are well worth
"I shall not go slack in this busi
ness, for I understand my duty is to
stand back of the progressive forces
in the democratic party everywhere
al.d at every juncture. The party has
now arrived at a point where it must
choose whether it shall be progres
sive or not, and I can not separate
myself from the fight. My conscience
forbids me to."
BANK OF WEST FELICIANA ABSORBS PEOPLES'
BANK ANDWILL INAUGURATE SEVERAL CHANGES
As forecasted in thlse columns I
S\'cor:l weeks ago, the consolidation
of the 1ank of \Vest Feliciana and
the Peoples Bank has taken place.
The Bank of WVest Feliciana has
bought out the Peoples Bank, and
began transacting the business of
the two institutions Thursday.
As .soon as the necessary legal
stelps can be taken, the Bank of West
Feliciana will change its name to
the Feliciana Bank & Trust Company,
and increase its capital to $100,000,
or the combined capital of the tao
banks as conducted formerly.
The first officers of the new con
cern will be S. McC. Lawrason, pres
ident; J. Ii. Matthews, active vice
president; D. I. Norwood, cashier;
W. H. Buquoi, assistant cashier. Tha
directors are to be chosen at a meet
ing of the stockholders to be held
The Bank of \est Feliciana wail
Iorganized in 1N 5, and has a surplus
of $18,00l(, besides owning the beat
building inl town. Its officers and
directors are: S. McC. Lawrason,
president; .1. R. Matthews, cashier;
W. H. Buqtuoi, assistant cashier;Ches
ton Folkes, V. M. Jackson, John F.
Irvine, Thomas W. Butler, O. 1).
Brooks, .Jos. Stern, .J. L. Golsan.
The Peoples Bank was organized
in 1905, and has a surplus of $10,00.
The late .Judge W'. W. Leake was
the first president. The officers
and directors previous to the consol
idation were: K. C. Smith, president;
C. F. Howell, vice-president; D. I.
Norwood, cashier; Ancel Ard, assist
ant cashier; A. F. Barrow, Samuel
Carter, B. E. Eskridge, Chas. Way
dert, Ben Mann. F. O. Hamilton and
Both bank.s operated a savings de
partment, and paid four per cent on
Some Facts About the Parcel Post.
The new parcels post went into
operation January 1, 1913.
Perishable articles, such as butter,
lard. fruits, berries and dressed
fowls may be sent short distances.
Eggs for local delivery may be
sent when packed in containers.
When packed separately they may
be sent any distance.
Fresh meats may be sent only
within the first zone of 50 miles.
The following may not be sent:
Intoxicating liquors, poisons, matches
explosives, firearms and live poultry.
Ecoks and printed matter are in
ciuded in third-class and may not he
sent. The weight limit will be I1
fo find the size limit: Take a
piece , f string 72 inches long and
wind it once completely, around the
parcel and then across the top
lengthw.se. If the ends of the string
reach the 8'des of the parcel it coml's
under the l'mit.
The culunl:y, is divided into .egh
zones and each zone into units. ThllT
iocal rate is 5c per pound and 1c
for each addi. onal pound. From the'
Dallas unit parcels may be sent to
any office in the first zone, or up
to 50 miles in any direction, for lc
for the firstpound and 3c for each
additional pound up to 11 pounds.
Fhe second zone includes posrof
fiies from 50 to 150 miles from Dal
las. The rate is 6c for the first
pound and 4c for each additional
'I he third zone is from 150 to 300
nmiles; rate 7c and 5, additional.
The fourth zone is from :300 to 6i'
miles; rate 8c and 6c additional.
The fifth zone is from 600, to 11t00
miles; rate 9c and 7c additional.
The sixth zone is from 1000 to 1400
niles; rate 10c and 9e additional.
The seventh zone is from 1400 to
1S00 miles; rate Ile and Ile addition
The eighth zone is all over 1800
n,!les; rate 12( and 12c every adcdi
Parcels post packages may be in
sured for full valuation, with a max
imum of $25, for an additional charge
The parcels post law not only 1(*"
dunes the rate of postage, but in
creases the weikht limit from 4 to
Parcels post shipments may be reg
istered and also accorded special de
livery service on payment of the us
Distinctive stamps must be used
oa all parcels post packages, but
they may be mailed in quantities of
not less than 2000 identical pieces
without stamps affixed, the postage
being paid in money.
TO WHOM DOES THE RIVER SE
The river belongs to the Nation,
The levee, they say to the State;
The Government runs navigation,
The Commonwealth, though, pays
Now, here is the problem that's f
Please which is the right or th' a
When the water runs over the le
To whom does the river belong?
It's the Government's river in sum- t
When the stage of the water is
But in spring, when it gets on a hum
And starts o'er the levee to flow, C
When the river gets suddenly dippy,
The State must dig down in its
And push back the old Mississippi
Away from the farm and the mill. t
I know very little of lawing,
I've made little study of courts,
I've done little geeing and hawing
Through verdicts, opinions,reports;
Why need there be anything more
When the river starts levees to
If the Government owns the afore
It must own it all of the time.
If the bull you are leading should
And jump over somebody's fence,
There isn't much doubt you're the
Expected to bear the expense.
If it follows a Sunday school teacher
And chases the maid up a tree,
You're owner the same of the crea
Undoubtedly all will agree.
If some time should somebody's
Get into your garden and dig
And pull up the plants like the
Or somebody's bull pup or pig,
The owner thereof cannot blame it
On you or some party remote,
The owner thereof can't disclaim it,
The chick or the pup or the shoat.
If it's your Misissippi in dry time,
It's yours, Uncle Sam, when it's
If it's your Mississippi in fly time,
In flood time it's your river yet.
There's no other way you can make
And so, when I give the alarm,
Come get your darned river and
Away from my timber and farm!
-Douglas Malloch, in American Lumn
MUTUAL BUILDING & LOAN
ASSOCITION HAS GOO0 YEAR
T'he semni-annual statement of the
condition of the Mutual Building &
Loan Association, which appears on
a::other page of this paper, shows
tha* that institution has done' a pro
fitable business during the six months
c'using December 31st, 1912.
A substantial dividend was paid on
al series of stock on Jan. 1st. riThe
statement that the net profits of the
Association for the past six months
amounted to $1,771.30.
Serics "A" will be retired this
.diar out of a fund created for that
DOWLING'S HEAD LEVEL.
Relative to the meningitis scare in
North Louisiana, lDr. Oscar Dowling
is opposed to general quarantines.
He points out that the Public Health
DI)epartment at \Vashington advises
against quarantine, anld urges that
the patients be isolated only and an
examination made to ascertain how
the disease was carried, and then
quarantine the carrier.
"Quarantines do no good," says
thile doctor, "except to provide tem
porary work for some people, usual
ly inefficient, and create debt for
thie municipality or parish.
"WFth present day scientific knowl
edge quarantines are barbarous and
hold same relation to health affairs
that mob violence does to common
I and civil laws. Encourage your peo
ple in a general clean up of all pre
rmises, stores, streets, public places
3 and especially where food is stored,
a prepared, served and sold. Don't
negslect sewage disposal."
iTATE FARlMERS HOL
BATON ROUGE MEETIN
Louisiana farmers met in thei
ourth annual conference Monda
Lt the State University, I. W. Wes
)f Hammond, presiding.
Col. '. D. Boyd was the first spea
,r to address the meeting. He eta
ýd that it was through such confe
fnces and the men who attend the
hat the university was seeking t
lo its work of reaching every far
ng element and every farming se
ion of Louisiana.
President Boyd said that the Stat
University was spending more mone
x, its college of agriculture than u
)n any other department, and thE
the world generally wat coming
last appreciate that the science
farming was the most import
taught in any school.
He said that the general asse
bly of Louisiana owed it to the un
versity and to the farmers of th
state to make an appropriation
its next session of $200,000 for th
election of a college of agricultu
building, where gatherings such
the one now opening could be held.
Louisiana is a farming state, he d
clare4, and the state should ma
proper recognition of this fact by a
adequate appropriation for an agr
Governor Hall was introduced b
lPresident \Vest as the "farm go
eino: of Louisiana," because t
farmers of the state elected hii
The governor said that he belong
to that class of farmers who farm
only once in every four years.
The governor insisted that the w,
fare of th country was wrapped u
with the farmer. As the farmer pro
pers the state prospers, and as h
fared ill, so fared the state. 'h
governor said that there was
awakening of the importance of i
telligence and scientific farming, an
that the farmers were throwing awa
their almanacs and buying alar
"One of the great difficulties w
have to successful farming here 1
Louisiana is that our lands are i
too large tracts. The-man who own
the lands is not the man who Is
terested in cultivating the land
He is only .interested in getting hi
rents, but there will be a breakin
up of these large farms."
The governor discussed the esu
ject of rural credits. He said th
farmers of this country were payilt
8 per cent interest for the mone
they secured, against 41/4 p!,r cent I
the countries of Europe, *where
proper system of rural credits e
isted. The money the farmers us
in this country every year is costin
them $240,000,000 more than it shoul
The ,governor said that loulelan
had taken a step towards solvin
the problem of rural credits by th
adoption of the recent congressiont
amendment exempting from taxatio
corporations organized to loan mone
to farmers at 6 per cent.
T. H. Harris, state superintenden
of education, spoke. He approved
the plan for the erection of a larg
agricultural building upon the unive
sity campus, and said that the stat
should erect one costing a quarter o
a million dollars.
"If you farmers demand it, th
general assembly will make provisio
for the building," insisted Mr. Harri
Mr. Harris said that there we
not enough country schools; tha
there were plenty of schools in th
country farmed along the lines
the city schools, but not enoug
schools that taught the farmer bo
how to stay on the farm and brough
to the country school the atmospher
(,f the successful farm.
After the address of Mr. Harri
there was a business meeting of th
Loulsiana Agricultural Assoclatio
with the enrollment of a number o
An advertisement in the Paseden
Star says: "I have sharpened on
thousand lawn mowers in beautift
Pasedena. I would rather be a law
mower sharpener in beautiful Paqs
dena than be a banker any place o
earth." If that chap wants to kno
what bliss really is he ought to com
and be an oyster opener in heavenl,
New Orleans.-N. O. States.
Now is a good time to look orve
your supply of stationery and s
what you need in this line for th
coming year. The True Democrat'
work and prices will please you.