Newspaper Page Text
Union of America
Matters g'Especial Moment to
the Progressive .Ariculturist
The fly net is a saver of feed.
Some untilled fields are better so.
The moving farmer gathers no gear.
A rain time is worth nine out of
Making poor hay means milking a
Too many men mistake promise for
A spoiled fruit is told by the swelled
cans and a weak brain by a swelled
A Sunday morning in church will
-ot offset a week of sharp dealing
•with one's neighbors.
The main reason why so many farm
ers are failures is that they are trying
to farm and buy their living, instead
Of raising it.
The time will come when we will
have hornless cattle as sure as we
pow have thornless cactus. Horns are
as useless as thorns.
Some think it an extravagance for a
farmer to have a motor car, but we
take the position it is better for him
to buy gasoline than beer.
There is coined money enough in
the United States to give each resi
dent $35. If you haven't got yours
try working on a farm this summer.
If you cannot afford to buy a
manure spreader better rent-not bor
tow-your neighbor's. The use of a
tented one for two or three seasons
will enable you to buy one.
A gasoline engines sometimes balks,
but so does a horse. You can find out
-what's the matter with the engine, but
mo one has ever yet discovered the
Workings of the mind of a balky horse.
MANY BENEFITS TO FARMERS
-Co-operation Aids Agriculturist to
Raise Full Crop, Improve Land
and Build Up Stock.
In nlothing has co-operation been of
so much service as in farming. To 1
brace the farmer up to raise a full
crop, of good quality, of the kind that
Is most needed and therefore brings
the best price, that will improve his 1
land by manure and drainage and cul
tivation; that will improve his stock
and bring his intelligence into play
these are the largest benefits that
come from' association in a farmers'
business organization, says Desert
-;1'armer. Next comes the assembling
a-nd manipulation of his crop to put
the raw material into shape for the
markets, one step toward the can
:$umer, one middlenmah skipped. By
this association, the benefit of
leadership is secured. From the 50
*,r,100 or 500 constituting the associa
:tion, five or ten directors are selected
ftor their superior a0ility and their
:willingness to apply this ability for
the equal good of the less able.
SThere are these two important dif
iferences between this co-operation and
s`tate socialism-it is voluntary;
a ember belnefits by his own effort
pd suffers by his own 'deficiency.
h.,imen do voluntarily they com
eotiiy do better than what they do by
'ri~ce By( a process 'of education in
voluntary associations, men would be
·oine social and find enjoyment in
doing not only their own share, but
ir best for the good of all. They
W:ould not do it as they now are; and
there is no ground for the assertion
that they would be suddenly changed
h-y a change in system. Law does not
hchange men, it hardly changes affairs.
_i'ew laws. intended to check men and
-cirporations from getting rich and
>othbers firom,getting poor have been t
airsed ever since we can remember,
tbu, there are bigger millionaires and a
jnore renters and hirelings now than e
ever. Such laws fall to work as in
,:ihere .is the samne openling for get
ing rich by trade and speculation and a
ar :staying poor by hiring out for C
readjr money now as. there was in the a
ties;, no more and no le'ss. There is au
tter opening' now for starting busi
aPes than there was 50 years ago.
:i ti kbow if one man who lately com
plieted :orgaizing a farm neighbor
*oOd In Louisiana into a co-operative
' r~y':association. Most of-the farm- e
staiistarted there in the last five to
.*yfeeyears, with little or nothing,
ud are doing well. Among thein are
sverali Norwegians from Minniesota a
• aindWisconsin, every one of whom is
0perous. Only one brought any h
pre means than any- industrious r
rker in town or country can lay-up
113 a ew years. n
Cotton Men Meet. p
eiaiida cotton -growers from
lorida and Alabama met the
St ae d at Waycros, Ga., and per
San orgainzation undcer the name
A iion Sea Island Cotton com.- a
4n lehchWill have headquarters at
h qid. whicl proposes to build di
rge-warehouse there, with branches
i4tviflouspoints; -. " " .
':hobject atthe union is to secure hi
eiAproducer thie best possible
. orboth long and: short staple P
are tio :hby.. :ei
...o.J n io1
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1 GERMAN FARMERS IN UNION'
United States :Agricuiturists Might
Profit by Following Example,
Says Consul Thackara,
United States Consul General A. W.
Thackara of Berlin thinks the farm
ers of the United States could study
with profit the agricultural conditions
in Germany. He points out that the
German league is effective in aiding
the membership financially, the loans
aggregating over $300,000,000,: in im
proved culture through traveling ex
perts, in selling farm products and in
purchasing supplies which amount to
many million dollars annually.
The largest of the German organi
r. zations has been known since' the
if year 1903 as the Imperial Union of Ag
ricultural Societies. The second or
a ganization, known as the General
Union of Agricultural Societies, was
r founded in 1871. These two agricul
tural organizations were united in
d 1905 for all administration purposes.
d The local societies making up the
organizations were founded for vari
1 ous purposes. Many of them may have
a single activity, others have their
functions so intermingled that it is not
always possible to distinguish them.
In general, however, one may make
the following classification of groups,
namely, savings and loan societies, so
cieties for consumers and societies for
the sale of farm products. This latter
group. is often subdivided according
to the character of the products sold.
At the close of last year, the Im
perial agriculture organization em
braced 67 unions, made up of 18,333
local societies. The total membership
Z of these societies was then 1,575,000.
The local societies were divided into
groups, in accordance with their prin
cipal purpose of union. There were
12,584 saving and loan societies, 2,128
co-operative purchasing societies, 1,960
dairy societies, and approximately
1,591 societies devoted to various oth
The general agricultural organiza
tion has a membership of 5,172 local
t societies. Of this total number 4,298
are saving and loan societies. These
locals have a total membership of
405,819 persons. The fee for admis
sion as a member of either of these
groups is a nominal one. The co-op
erative purchasing society is the sec
ond in number and in importance of
any of the group of the Imperial orga
nization. It has a membership of 216,
000 persons. The value of goods pur
chased through it last year exceeded
I by approximately $4,284,000 the pur
l chases of the previous year. The prin
cipal articles purchased by the farm
ers through their organization are fer
tilizers, food stuffs, seed, coal and ag
ricultural machinery. The working
capital of the co-operative working
societies is a little over $10,000,000.
The consul general at Berlin points
out that the function of these great
farmer organizations is much broad
er than merely for the purpose of col
lective bargaining, in the sale of farm
products, etc., for in each division
there arc scientific experts, who, on
application, and payment of the fee,
visit the farms of the different mem
bers and advise with them concerning
the cultivation of their growing crop
and the care of their live stock.
Aside from the saving and loan
group, which is by far the most
numerous of any of the groups of the
general organizations, there are 778 1
local societies co-operating in purchas
ing and selling agricultural imple
ments. Among a number of the local
societies in certain communities ag
ricultural machinery is owned by- the
society, for the general use of the dif
ferent members. The comimon use of
such machinery has proved of great
assistance to the members, particular
ly of such machinery as- grain clean
ers, thrashers, etc., which are too ex.
pensive for one man to buy and which
are used only during a short season of d
each year. o
Consul General Thackara quotes an
?eminent German economist as saying 8
that the significance of the agricul
tural unions in Germany lies in their
honest business dealings, in their in- S
sistence on cash payment and on
economy in operating expenses, in
their struggle against usury and de
ception, in the business and moral
training which they give to the lower
and middle classes, anrid in the happy
combination of progressive principles
and brotherly feeling which they stim
ulate. . . -
Practical Applicatio Needed.
It is not talk so miuch that the farm
ers need now but some practical ap
plication of what they already know.
It is well enough for the fraternal end
of the union to be kept going, but it is
on the cards that the business end is
going to progress as well. The stock
holders through their boards of di
rectors and managers of warehouses
should look out for their own bust- h
ness interests while the oficials workh
the membership up tb keeping in
line and help the business by their
Just About Horses.'
Individual excellence is better than
a lengthy pedigree. n
Viclousness fi . a horse is usually:
due to training or assoclaition. -
Punishing a: horse :for things heW
cannot help is one Way of ruiningm
The ,horse weghing about 1,400
pounds is spoken: of as3 the :"handy
E:. 3ro:.r i0 m
' rwo BOLD BOY BANDITS
BIND AND ROB VICTIM
1. YOUNGSTERS ENTER HOUSE AND
y TAKE BANK FROM LAD AFTER
s GAGGING HIM.
g New York.-It was neighborhood
s gossip that Henry Nadelson, the four
year-old son of Louis Nadelson of 258
Reid avenue, Brooklyn, was very well
n to do for a boy of his years. It was
0 whispered that he had $15 in a savings
bank that was kept on a bureau in
his sleeping room, and that some day,
when Henry grew up, he would go
This rumored opulence on the part
of Henry naturally reached the ears of
Louis Spitzer, aged nine, who lives
with his parents in the same building,
the Nadelsons occupying rooms on
the fourth floor and the Spitzers on
the ground floor.
Young Spitzer has no savings bank.
He discussed the wealth of young
r Nadelson with Antone Miller, aged
ten, and they decided it was unjust
that so much money should be in the
hands of one person. So they pre
pared for what they regarded as an
Creeping Stealthily Into the Room.
equitable distribution of Henry's
The raid was planned and the two
youngsters proceeded to climb up the
fire escape in the rear of the building
till they got to the fourth floor..
Peering into the open window they
saw Henry slumbering peacefully on
his cot and the savings bank on the
bureau. Creeping stealthily into the
room, they seized the bank and were
about to make their escape when Hen
ry awoke with a start.
"Hist," said Spitzer, the leader.
"Gimme my bank," whimpered the
"Keep quiet, or you die like a dog,"
hissed Miller, who had carefully read
"Three Fingered Pete; or, The Mys
tery of Dead Man's Gulch."
Henry did not understand wild west
methods and began .to cry.
The two diminutive highwaymen
pounced on him and punched him vig.
orously, and Spitzer, taking out hia
handkerchief, bound it lightly around I
the victim's mouth. Then they tied I
his hands and feet with rope they had
brought, and with a parting admoni
tion to Henry as to quietude they took s
Henry's father, who slept in an ad- v
joining room, -was awakened by the
groaning of his boy, and, running in,
found him bound and gagged. The po.
lice were notified and found the young
desperadoes two blocks from the scene
of the robbery.
When searched in the police station
it was found that they had divided the
$15 equally between them.
SWIMS NEARLY ALL NIGHT.
New Yorker Who Is Supposed to
Have Attempted Suicide and r
Changed His Mind.
Atlantic City, N. J.·-Police who
heard cries from the surf shortly be
fore daylight waded into the water and
dragged out a man who said he was t
John Berger of New- York city and
that he fell from the end of the steel
pier before midnight. The man ap.
peared thoroughly exhausted but was
still floating when rescued. He came
around all right In the hospital a
The police later found a man's cqat
on the end" of the pier: In one of the
pockets was a note in which the man o
wrote that he was going to end his d
troubles by jumping overboard and
the police believe that Berger plunged
into the sea and afterward changed
his mind: about ending his life.i,
Bergeir is still in the hospital and re
fuses to admit that he attempted
Begs to Buy Airship.
SNew York.-"Young man," said a
seedy-looking pedestrian at Fifth ayve
noe and: Frty-second street to an
other whose cldthing indicated-- pros
perity, "lend me a thousand dollars.
will you?". - - r -
The mani accosted stopped in amaze
ment. After lookilig the other over
for a minute, he said:
"I want to Iuy an airship," was the
piiadn~Kt~e;.t~wotld on iiu~iiek
Hints For Hostess
(ýo0ý 5 TIMELY SUGGESTIONS
S for Those Planning Seasonable
Games for Children.
/ A young mother said to me the oth
3r day: "Your department is fine and
[ often find just what I want, but can
you help me out.with new games for
During vacation it seems that the
what-to-do question frequently comes
up for mother to solve. I hope the
Following pastimes will prove interest
ing, and make loads of fun for the
youngsters. The first is called Hu
man Nine Pins. The boys are set up
lust like nine pins at the end of the
room or on the lawn; they stand on
pne foot (left one), with the right one
placed behind the left knee, arms fold
cd. The girls roll the ball, taking
turns. When the ball is rolled they
nay hop aside to escape being
touched; but if the ball touches them
)r they put down the other foot, they
ire supposed to be knocked down and
jut. This continues just like the real
:ame, a score being kept and prizes
Young children love this game:
rake barrel hoops and wind them with
ray ribbons or crepe paper, suspend
i small bell in the center. Hang the
loop up and give each guest a small
lean bag the same color as the hoop.
The aim is to ring the bell when
bhrown through the hoop. -Five trials
ire allowed, the one who rings the
most out of the five is given a re
A little game called "Royalty" needs
in equal number of girls and boys.
One boy is chosen "king" and a girl
is "queen." Then they sit in two
tows facing each other. Each follow
3r is numbered. At the same moment
:he king and queen calls a number,
the two players bearing the numbers
;et up and run around the circle, the
queen after the king's follower. If she
catches him before he completes the
circle he pays forfeit; if she does not
the king's subject collects a tribute
from her. When all the numbers have
been called the game is finished.
Bridal Functions and Favors.
A bride who had belonged to a
needle club for years, gave a dinner to
her maids, asking the men to an in
formal dance afterward. She had
chosen baby blue for the wedding col
or scheme, so the table centerpiece
was a gilded basket filled with bride's
roses; a huge bow of blue ribbon was
lied to the handle, falling in graceful
folds around the basket. At each place
was a pale blue velvet jeweler's box
which, on being opened, disclosed gold
.thimbles engraved with the initials of
each girl. The place cards were tiny
picture frames made of blue satin rib.
bon forget-me-nots, inclosing snap
shots of the bride and groom. Anoth.
er bride, who had planned a green
wedding, gave her maids favors set
with jade, each one different; there
were hat pins, sleeve links, stickpins,
etc. The table centerpiece was of
maidenhair ferns in a low glass' bowl.
At each place there were individual
glass candlesticks twined with aspara.
gus vine. Every one wore white and
the effect was cool and lovely.
The Practical Shower.
A young woman much beloved in
her neighborhood, was to be married,
and this delightful shower was ar.
ranged: She had grown up from baby.
hood on the same street, and one of
her mother's friends suggested that
the neighbors contribute the price of
a dozen napkins and tablecloth. Then
they had a thimble party and the
linen was hemmed and monogramed.
The bride was perfectly delighted. Try
this when planning a "linen" shower.
It was no more costly than for each
guest to give a separate bit of linen.
The same idea has been carried out in
sheets and pillow cases, also towels.
By the way, at afternoon affairs ginger
lemonade is quite the thing with tiny
fancy crackers or biscuit, as our Eng
lish cousins call them.
Sashes are with us again in glorious
Tulle and Irish lace are frequently
Fewer turbans are seen as the sea
Skirts for evening dresses are some
The latest hosiery shows more elab
Of suede and stamped leather bags
there is on end.
Jabots of net and lace are often
stenciled in color.
Some of the new linen frocks are
embroidered in Japanese colors and
Linen suits are in old blue, mustard,
raisin, brown, green, catawba and lavy
For evening wear there- is a return
of colored Irish lace, dyed to match
WORK FOR THE HOME
A beautiful lamp mat of oriental
appearance caught my eye in a
friend's house, says a writer in the
Boston Herald. "Of what is that
made?" I asked. "Oh," she answered,
"I made that myself. It is paper
And this is how it is done: 'You
will need heavy brown wrapping pa
rial) and two kinds of wall paper,
one with a plain, striped or chained
background and one with large con
ventional or flower design in a con
Cut out the background pal~er in
the shape and form desired, applique
on it the figures cut from the other
paper in regular pattern, line with
the dimity and paste a double layer
of the wrapping paper over the back.
It is all very simple, but a little taste
and ingenuity will devise all sorts of
quaint and unusual articles.
The lamp mat is perhaps the easi
est to make; the one shown in the
drawing was in wistaria design over
silver paper. The edges may be bound
with narrow passepartout tape of
the required shade, but careful past
ing is really all that is necessary. .
The cottage jardiniere is made to
cover Biower pots of- plebeian= earth
mnware:-'; It is ;a. simple strip of the'
ight size rolled. Into a tube and fas
tleed ~with large` .size paper asten
'w a a[ t ;ie.
,:, f *.'s ." r . :-.
ribbon, as is the square wastebasket
of pink on green and gold. This should
be of very heavy paper throughout;
even an extra lining of thin art paste
board would not come amiss. It is
made in four pieces, with a heavy card
board bottom, and is then laced to
Those articles where the inside
shows should have a lining more artis
tic than brown paper. Plain colored
wallpaper, perhaps, the same as the
background, is good; and then, there
are tar paper and old shading.
Both the candle and lamp shades
should be mounted over wire frames.
The dimity lining may be sewed over,
stretched tight, and the others pasted
on it. The fringing can be bought by
the yard at any upholsterer's. The
candleshade is blue on gold; the lamp
shade, two shades of green and white.
The picture frame may be of any
shape, and has a cardboard back,
pasted on so that the glass and pil
ture can slide in easily. Or a plain
cardboard frame. may be purchased
and covered and lined. The frame
shown here is red. on white.
Any'number of other ornaments ane
uonveniences may be. made by tbis
enarming work. Tubes for rolling em.
broideries, glove rolls, pen racks, let
ter cases, book covers; the list is al.
most endless... It makes easy and de.
lightful work for the shut-in who can
use her hands.
The paste- used should be library
paste for the lighter articles and
glue for the heavier. Sharp shears
should be employed for cutting,
though a knife is better for the card.
board. Be very careful that the fig.
ures are carefully cut out, and that
they are accurately placed; better
measure with pencil and rule.
The work is so simple that itt h
made by. the children in the elemen
tary schools; it is so pretty that it
-may grace any living room. With at
occasional border of .brocade or:
,touch,, of watercolor, it becomes i
art that is worthy of attention m
tour, lovers -: of -Do.volty
Cut out cathartis and p!rgtivea. ThI uey al
Purelyrveetable. As -
sendy on the Oiver,
membranef IV ER
Small Pill, Small Dose, Small Price
Genuine mustbear Signature
Hardwood timber owners to join us
in our co-operative hardwood man
ufacturing company; a 250%
MOUND CITY FLOOR & ART CO. (Inc.) St. Louis, Mo.
The Most Neglected Organ
of the Body Is the Liver
Nowadays everybody treats the
stomach-but it's the liver that
counts. If you suffer from consti
pation, bad blood, half-sick miser
able feeling-it's your LIVER nine
times out of ten.
And today doctors are recom
mending and endorsing
because it's the one liver remedy
that energises the liver, brings
back its natural function strong
and young again.
Tell your druggist you want
SIMMON'S LIVER PURIFIER
and nothing else; emphasize SIM
MON'S (in yellow tin boxes only),
and insist upon it. It's tle one
cure that cures-the liver remedy
that does its work without grip
ing or sickening.
At All Druggists, Everywhere, 25o, and $1.
A. D. RICHARDS MEDICINE CO., Sherman, Texa;
, ... ,,. l I I P , , ,, •
Histosy Cleared Up.
The third grade was "having his
tory." Forty youngsters were ma
king guesses about the life and char
acter of the Father of His Country,
when the teacher propounded a ques
tion that stumped them all.
"Why did Washington cross the
'Why, indeed? Not a bhild could
think of anything but the answer to
the famous chicken problem: "To get
on the other side," and, of course,
that wouldn't do. Then little Annie's
hand shot into the air. Little Annie
crosses the Delaware every summer
herself, hence the bright idea.
"Because he wanted to get to Atlan
tic City."-Philadelphia Times.
"I've got a long way to go and I'm
not used to travel," said the applicant
at the railway ticket office. "I want
to be.Just as comfortable as I can,
regardless of expense."
"No. I don't care for parlor fix
"No. I want to stay awake an'
watch the scenery."
"Then what do you want?"
"Well, if it wouldn't be. too much
trouble, I wish you'd put me up in
one of these refrigerator cars I've
read so much about."
What They Did With Them.
An American who spends much of
his time in England tells of a cockney
who went to a dealer in dogs and thus
described what he wanted. "Hi wants
a kind of dog about so 'igh an' so long.
Hit's a kind of gr'y'ound, an' yet, it
ain't a gr'y'ound, because 'is tyle. is
shorter nor any o' these 'ere gr'y'ounds,
an' 'is nose is shorter, an' 'e ain't so>
slim round fthe body. But still 'e's
a kind o' gr'y'hound. Do you keep such
dogs?" "We do not," said the dog man.
"We drown 'em."
"There's -a big difference in men."
"I judge so, by studying- the vari
ous rates for which Pittsburg council
men were bourht"
A little Cream,
right from the box.
Breakfast in a minute,
and you have a meal, as
delightful as it is whole.
Post Toasties are crisp
brown, dlufy bits 'that al
most melt in the mouth.
"The Memoy Linuigers
POsTUM CEREAL co., LTD.i
. , ti. . . Creek M c .
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