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The Rice belt journal. (Welsh, Calcasieu Parish, La.) 1900-19??, August 11, 1905, Image 1

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VOLUME VI. WELSH, CALCASIEU PARISH, LOUISIANA, A GT'ls 11, 1905. Nl i 1
-------~~~~~~----~~ . '..:,., .........
The Cyclone Sale
Inaugurated Satuaday last is still going mer
ily on and Bargains are being snapped up by
good judges and economical buyers. To see
the goods and Cyclone prices is convincing.
Come and get a share of the great offerings.
J. S. GERSON , ,WELSH,
_____________ LOUISIANA.
iKCLE SAM TAKES CHARGEu.
IE STATE AND CITY HEALTH BOARD f'
PETITION FOR FEDERAL CONTROL
OF SITUATION.
equest 31arine Hospital to Take
Entire Chargel-President Recom
mends that Request be Granted.
Washington, -\u:. . President
Roosevelt last ni"h1it forwarded to
Burgeon General Wyman of the !'ub
licHealth and Marine hospital service
hitelegram from G;overnor Blanch
rdofLouisiana, requesting that the
United States government take control
of the yellow fever situation, in New
Orleans. The president directed the
surgeon general to take every step in
is power to meet the situation in New
dleans and to notify him what fur
Seraction is advisable and possible
~the federal authorities to take.
The telegram is as follows:
"Haye received telegram from Gov
--nor Blanchard of Louisiana:
"At joint meeting of representatives
ofallcommercial bodies of the city of
Jew Orleans and other prominent
peon0, at which were present the
mayor of the city, the state health
.Wrhorities and the president of the
lans Parish Medical association,
tefollowing resolution was adopted:
"'That this meeting endorse the
proposition to ask the United States
government to take control of the yel
lowfever situation in New Orleans
·ad that the governor of the state and
t1 mayor of the city be required to
,;se the steps to carry this proposi
tion into effect. Further, that the
,·arty co-operation of the state and
~tIy governments and the state and
fty health boards and the parish
~iical societies and of the merchants
.people generally be pledged in
action as may be taken by the
bvernment.'
I requested by the mayor of the
and the president of the state and
boards of health and by a coin
of prominint citizens to trans
the above resolution to you, and
t you to take over, on behalf of
federal government, through the
channels, the yellow fever situ
at New Orleans.
Thia I do now, and urge speedy
1 on your part.
N. C. 13..\Nt'iIARI,
Governor of Louisiana.
se take every step in your
to meet the sit!uation at New
s and comply with the request
governor and the other author
and notify me of what further
is advisable and possible with
cllties to make.
F ould like full report from you as
is done. l'lease confer with
ns general of the army and
When in need of anything in the PAINT
u: line, rememller it pays to buy an article that has
some duraiility about it. When you get the
HORSE Sil) I E BR \NDI) you have a paint corn
.posed of pure linseed oil, zinc and lead.
Remember we carry everything in the paint
ine, inciinldi ~' Linseed Oil, both raw and boiled; Q
hite Lea in, i, Dry Colors, Colors Ground 0
J Oil, Floo,' Painit, Carriage and Implement
;.aint, (Giitci.an ['inamel, Buggy Top Dressing,
3old Paiit, A hlui 1um Paint, Wood Filler,
hard Oi Vinish, Copal TVarnish, Coach Var
sh, Varnish Stains, Lacquret, Jap-a-Lac, etc.
; B Losn Lr ioarw Co., limio,
THE RIGHT PLACE. ^
Dealers in Shelf and Heavy Hardware,
i Glassware, Queensware, Paints, Oils.
-ofoooooooo
se
navy. if in your judgment this is wise. of
TiiEDORE [ROOSEV\ELT.' Of
New Orleans. Aug. 5-The announce- th
ment through the Associated Press in in
today's papers that: President Roose- (tl
velt had acted with characteristic te'
promptness on the request of Govern- (it
or Blanchard to have the marine hos- tli
pital service take charge of the fever fe
situation here, gives general satis- gi
faction, though in some quarters there th
is dissent from the action of yester- h(
day's meeting, on the ground that U
Louisiana ought not to surrender her
sovereignty and confess her inability a
to handle the situation. ol
Dr. White expects to be advised al
that his department will assume con- w
trol: Surgeon General Wy'man will ti
not come to New Orleans, remaining 1l
in Washington where he can be in full ai
touch with the work in the south, but In
a large staff of hospital surgeons and st
workers will be expected to be immedi- (
ately concentrated here.-Lake Charles I
American. a
- - V
Reading Notice. 1
-Every man owes it to himself and
his family to master a trade or pro
s fession. Read the display advertise
f ment of the six Morse Schools of
t Telegrapy, in this issue and learn how
e easily a young man or lady may learn
d telegraphy and be.assured a position.
WIFE SICK OF "TAINTED" MONEY y
Mrs. Rockefeller's Condition is Due to
Her Husband's Critics.
Cleveland, Ohio, Aug. 5-The cry t
s of"tainted money," and the pitiless
d attacks and exposures of the methods
o by which he became the richest man in v
i- the world, which are reported to have
.e deeply saddened the life of John D. I
d Rockeller, are now reported to have t
d had a much more serious effect upon ,
h Mrs. Rockefeller, who is rapidly fail
s ing in health.
n This announcement is made by
.e Spencer Frary, who is a former oil re
finer and lives at 217 Murray Hill ave
1e nue. He is a cousin of Mrs. Rocke
d feller and has been mentioned as one
who could throw some light on the
. business methods of John D. locke
d feller when dealing with his friends
)f and the relatives and members of his
1e family, but he has declined to make
. any statement.
"America is richer every working i
Y day by at least $4,000,000," according
to Parson Jenks. As there are 80,
000,000 people in America, your share
is one-half of one cent. Are you get
ir ting it?
w Extra.
st To get good service in foot wear
r- buy the Douglas Shoe. it is a .sensi
,r ble, economical and comfortable shoe
and out wears any shoe on the market.
h Signal Clothing Store.
is Three McCormick second-hand bind
h ers at a bargain at Welsh Carriage t
d and Implement Co 's.
MAJOR REED'S WORK IN HAVANA it
in
HOW HE PROVED THAT YELLOW FEVER IS'
TRANSMITTED ONLY BY ONE SPE-. h
CIES OF MOSQUITO. I t
tlh
Non-Inmuiines Slept for I)ays inl oiled w
Bedding of Yellow Fever ('ases, in C
Sealed Room, With No Ill Effect. v;
The following circular has been ex- fe
tensively circulated from New Orleans st
by the New Orleans & North-eastern
Iailroad Company, Alabama & Vicks- H
burg lRailway Company, and V'icks- sl
burg, Shreveport v& I'acitic Railway it
Company : h
The app)learance of yellow fever in d
New Orleans and the determination of t(
Dr. White, head of the Federal forces
sent here. of the State and City Boards tl
of Health and of practically the whole d
of the medical fraternity to appeal to t(
the whole community for co-operation b
n in the effort to apply successfully the
Sdogma that yellow fever is transmit
c ted only by a certain species of lmos
Scluoto has aroused intense interest in
Sthe subject of the causation of yellow
i fever epidemics. Some details are r
i given here of the wonderful results of c
e the experiments of the commission i
headed by Major Walter heed of the
t IUnited States Army in Cuba, results t
.r which, it is claimed, have enabled the r
, authorities to make Havana, the home
of yellow fever, practically immune
d after 150 years of constant fever. The
w. whole credit of the development of the t
11 theory into a scientific fact is due to
g Major Reed, who, with other otlicers
11 and privates of the United States Ar
lt my, risked their lives in the demon- t
.d stration. Assistant Surgeon Lazear
i. lost his life in the attempt. Major
s Reed succombed three years ago to an 1
attack of appendicitis in the city of
Washington,
MAJOR REEl)A lIIUIIANT VtIRGINIAN.
Major Walter Reed was born in
- Gloucester county, Virginia, in 1851.
e- He was the soh of the Rev. Lemuel
Sutton Reed. He received a fair pri
mary education and then went to the
Un University of Virginia to study mnedi
n. cine, graduating in 180i8, when only 17
,y years of age. He secured a second
degree at Bellevue Medical College in
to New York and then served in the
Brooklyn and Blackwell's Island Hos
pital. Before he was 21 he was a dis
ry trict physician in New York, and at 22
ss was one of the five inspectors of the
ds Board of Health of Brooklyn. lie
in went into the United States Army as
ve Assistant Surgeon with the rank of
D. First Lieutenant in 1875, and during
ve the next eighteen years served in Ari
Dn zona, Nebraska, Dakota and in the
il- Southern and Eastern States. He was
always an indefatigable student and a
pioneer. In 1890 he went to Baltimore,
re- working in the laboratories of Johns
e- Hopkins University. In 1893 he was
e- made surgeon with the rank of Major
ne and was detailed in Washington as
he Curator of the Army Medical Mluseum
e- and Professor of Bacteriology at the
s Army Medical School, He won high
Spraise for his writings and became an
expert in investigating the cases of ep
itdemic diseases at military posts and
ng in making sanitary inspections. Dur
ng ing the Spanish-American war he was
0, selected as the head of a board to study
Ire the causation and spread of typhoid in
et- the camps of the volunteer troops, and
the report of the commission, a monu
mental work, is now in course of pub
ar lication by the Government, and is
i- expected to serve as a basis for future
oe study of the epidemiology of typhoid
et. fever.
His great work in Cuba, in demon
id- strating that yellow fever is transmit
ge ted by the mosquito, is thus briefly
described in a memoir published last
Syear by the Walter Reed Memorial
Association of Washington.
SENT TO CUIIA TO STUDY YELLOW FE
VER.
"In June, 1900, Major Reed was sent
to Cuba as president of a board to
study the infectious dideases of the
country, but more especially yellow
fever. Associated with him were Act
ing Assistant Sugreons JamesCarroll,
Jesse W. Lazear and A. Agramonte.
At this time the American authorities
in Cuba had fori a year and a half en
deavored to diminish the disease and
mortality of the Cuban towns by gen
eral sanitary work, but while the
health of the population showed dis
tinct improvement and the mortality
had greatly diminishe:, yellow fever
ap)arentlyhad been',ntirely unaffected
by these measures. In fact, owing to
the large number of non-immune for-.
eigners, the disease was more frequent
than usual in Havana and in Quemad
os, near the camp of American troops,
and many valuable lives of American
officers and soldiers had been lost.
" Reed was convinced from the first
I that general sanitary measuires alone
would not check the disease, but that of
its transmission was partly due to an nol
insect.
"The fact that malarial lever, cauwed ci
by an an animal parasite in the b(lood. is sut
transimitted from man to man through an
the agency of certain moslquitot> had ten
been recently accepted lby the scie::tilic rol
world: also. several years before, Dr, tlc
Carlos Finlay of Havana had ad- syI
vanced the theory that It mosquito con- thU
veyed the unknown cause of yellow wa
fever, but did not succeed in deiimon- lo
strating the truth of his theory. I:v
"D)r. LT. 1R. Carter of the Marine te(
Hospital Service had written a paper an
showing that although the period of fe,
incubation was only live days, yet a wi
house to which a patient was carried in,
did not pecome infected for from lifteen wt
to twenty days. Ina
"To hIeed's mind this indicated that th
the unknown infective agent has to un- bj
dergo a period of incubation of from Pe
ten to tifteen days and probably in the
body of the biting insect. in
SANARELLI THEORY DIý'POVEI}. b1
"I''p to this time the most generally ie
acceplted theory as to the causation of
vellow fever was that of Sanarelli. m
who claimed that the bacillus icete- to
roids discovered by him was the sue- ta
cihic agent of the disease. Majorlteed, CE
in association with Dr. Carroll, had, di
however, already. demonstrated that sl
this bacillus was one widely dissemi- d(
rated in the United States, and bore cc
no such relation to yellow fever. 01
I" n June, July and August, 1900, the 10
commission gave their entire attention
to the bacteriological study of the it
blood of yellow fever patients and the
postmortem examination of the organs
of those dying of the disease. In
twenty-four cases where the blood was
r repeatedly examined, as well as in
r eleven carefully studied autopsies,
° bacillus iceteroids were not discov
ered, nor was there any indication of n
the presence in the blood of a specific si
cause of the disease.
n ". Application was made to General
Leonard Wood, the military governor a
of Cuba, for permission to conduct ex- e
periments on non-immune persons, and
a liberal sum of money r:equested for c
' the purpose of rewarding volunteers
who would submit themselves to ex- e
d periment.
n "It was indeed fortunate that the
le military governor of Cuba was a man
who, by his breadth of mind and spe
cial scientific training, could readily
*2 appreciate the arguments of Major
te Reed as to the value of the proposed
[e work.
LS "Ioney and full authority to pro
ceed were promptly granted, and to the
ig everlasting glory of the American sol
d- ier, volunteers from the army offered s
le themselves for experiment in plenty,
and with the utmost fearlessness.
a c
DR. LAZIER DIES A HERO.
as "Before the arrangements were en- t
Is tirely completed Dr. Carroll, a member t
,. of the commission, allowed himself to
s be bitten by a mosquito that twelve
m days previously had filled itself with
e the blood of a yellow fever patient.
:h He suffered from a very severe attack, I
In and his was the first experimentali
case. Dr. Lazear also experimented
d on himself at the same time. but was
.r not infected. Some days later, while
as in the yellow fever ward, he was bitten
ly by a mosquito and noted the fact care
in fully. He acquired the disease in its I
2d most terrible form and died a martyr
~- to science and a true hero.
b-. "No other fatality occurred among
is the brave men who in the course of the
re experiments willingly exposed them
id selves to the infection of the dreaded
disease.
n- "A camp was especially constructed
it- for the experiments, about four miles
y from Havana. christened Camp Lazear
st in honor of the dead comrade. The
al inmates of the camp were put into most
rigid quarantine and ample time was
E- allowed to eliminate any possibility of
the disease being brought in from HTa
to "The personnel consisted of three
he nurses and nine non-immunes, all in
, the military service, and included two
t. physicians.
11, "From time to time Spanish immi
te. grants, newly arrivedl, were brought in
es from the immigrant station: a person
not known to be immuneo was not al
td lbwed to leave camp, or if he did was
forbidden to return.
he "The most complete record was kepti
is- of the health of every man to be exper
ity imented upon, thus eliminating the
-e possibility of any other disease than
:ed yellow fever complicating the case,
to THE WONDERFUL EXPERIMENTS.
Dr-. "The mosquitos used were especially
ent bred from the eggs and kept in a build
.d- ing screened by wire netting. When
ps, an insect was wanted for an experiment
an it was taken into a yellow fever hos
pital and, allowed to till itself with the
rst blood of a patient; afterward, at vary
ne inag intervals from the time of this meat
of blood i wavs I, lurpo-' ly ail',i(l ou
non-inipni;ires in e:lil.),
f [n December nl.ei', -" o[ ' , dc -
east were de:velopt:d at, .l- ,'ut 1 i
such apphlat'o;-n, i . Jua.c"\ t!:,c
and in F[btuartti 1%. ma: : : :
ten, (.excluive nf the ;-a  t f I )c-. - t I
r(ll anti La: ear. i::inn ,liatily : ,t li
the lIppta' aiCe of th( i:- 't' gi .
sviYlmptolls of the disease.( ii: any 1: t' f
thee expleri(ju.:tal ca: -:. ':. :;ti, :t
was taken from ('eilip L,;iar toi , "
low fever hu. ital. on. t .: di taut.
I:very ltperson in caiup twas lidly ipro
teeted frolm a ci(le,,ta[l rnsitito tes. ,
and not in a sine I in stait, (:t .ii1 w In
fever develop in cavil, , ',, at ti , U
will of the experimhn'iter'. Th' ,x per
intents were t'c~tuiil,'t(d a: :a -(t '-(in Il
when there was te least can (f ,
naturally acquiring' the dis;eae :itd ait
the mostluitoes u.ed i ,rice ike!t tuie;' 1y
by maintaining them at a siun:!n'r tenl ,
perature.
"A complete mo1squito-l).(oof 1il- (
ing was divided into twV ,unmpara:net: tl
by at wire screen (" ltl n tilt : iilfe,'ted in.
sects were liberated on onine side only.
A brave non-iinllllln enut rd atnd ei j
mained ]ong enough to a:ollow himself I,
to he bitten several times. It ias ;t- a c
tacked by yellow fever, while tw' o stls- a
ceptible men in the other colnpat',nt , ,
did not acquire the iliseas:e. aitho1ih f,
t sleeping there thirteen nights. This t
demonstrated in the simplest antd iimost iI
certain manlier that the infectluu~nýt-s it
of the building wa, dsie only toi, ri
a presence of the insects.
"Every attempt was made to infect c
individuals by means of iteddiu.,
e clothes, and other articles that had ii
s been used and soiled iby patients suaf
n fering with virulent yellow fever. '
"Naturally yellow feter is transmit
ted by the mosquito, and always and
only by the mosquito. The harmless
ness of fornites has been fully demon- t
strated by our experiments in 1900 anl t
1901. in which three young Amerilcains
I slept for twenty consecutive nights in j
a room from which mnosuitoes were
excluded garnished with articles soiled I
d with discharges from fatal and other
cases of yellow fever. Three and four
large boxes were )packed and unpackedl I
each morning by these non-imnmunes.l
who suffered no distuitranlic of health
from these exposures. The room wais 1
twenty feet by fourteen feet, double1
walled. tightly cealed, heated to above I
S90 degrees Farenheit and dark.
"Two other non-inilunes then occn.-.
d pied the room for twenty nights, wlhile
additional articles of oeddine: and
clothing were added. They slept in
the garments and between the sheets
1 that had covyered cases of yellow fever.
some of which were fatal. The result
of the second attempt was nil. A third
attempt was then made with two ad
ditional non-imimunes, equally without
success. Not the slightest indisposi
tion followed close and intimate con
er tact with the repulsive material in any
to case. Temperatures and pulse rates
ve were recorded at regular and frequent
th intervals. Four of these seven nion
it. immunes were subsequently infected/
k, by blood-injections and by means of
al infected mosquitoes."'
'd Another kind of exlteriment was in
s eluded in the Cuban investig.ations -
le of yellow fever. A room was prelared
n so as to preclude tile possibility of in
e- fection by formnites (infected article:).
tS I.very article contained in the roomII
yr lhad been previously disinfected and
was thoroughly clean. The only pos
h [Concluded on Pag.e Four, I
"W e nIevCr miss the watert
till tie wnc!I gos tlrg.
Deep Wells
ANI 1)
Arewhatyou need
Noww while o u 1- not f tIf
water tow,t~hiicnto Lac max; 't'
inig your home tittedi n1 ith)WtI
the tacilltica of evrey coo
ý'nente! 7', siieII a- uaat ri'tLi , " ; L ltrt^Iti ' .-a!
surc fir thel lath, lire jrimI- I'
tiut. 0tC., C~ ttit s :ut' t 1 l .1. ,t : 1,11 i :., t . t !!t
7c tin talI1 a SAI.Sl'ON MlILLL 1'~i .\ I7I'
any mt/e tO\Vrer ati tu heka. Write.,-v' cdt t 't ' ii : ,
y ataloettWS. ý'N atil cary -% ernutit ,u7 I I I') F I '
steamn tud weter. ,ig 'toe. '1t i!-:11.11 1 ti 1 II
line. Belting, I os, , Lace Leather, L. ii -,
It. I
1
ARMSTRONG MAC0iL ANQ
WELL WRpUKS CO. LTO,
-A~ii c~~:~~~8F
i ut? ' ('ti ·t
tii l'i f 1I
It t 1r ,tit~i~t? 't . tl
I: Ii
1',' I ,,1
iIil..r'It 1i(··: i :l '.t:i.. i; 1 :1 .·,·c ij·
it 1
d (E'Itt II St'. _ It t i '!' i' "t
=t i 11 .. .' ;t', it
I l. IU t I ` ll. ,,Y'"11; Vll j IIIIV C.H!L
N- t!!it ) Ai' U1i i I't'I hi 1':lii t'le rI'v. ej
Liii 0!) tlii east s~i utr oftie Sabvtire vi~ec',
Iii ll-tt utppn'l, tte t.i1 cit lii I ! range, 1s
Ini( I I, Ilt Wahi to (ii~a I ij'? .i'ittr P1 1'u
;ctr en u'\ ih 111k 11 +,ia itt a11W tes h tI.e
sur litilrldtit't t L-t at it,'t tti e p, ' t q1 'P ýIp
edll Louaw dlaitifL ,il'E1, t i till t Ih"t' he id
Ili I '(i .!- i, i'tt iŽi f i t lA filLIP
ritle it lt 'tiŽ lllltf''.;Intl j5?ft 'ji .ý ('L.Vhe
:G t +' 1 -'tl, '' t . - '' lt , ''un 'li
D. li not E vt' t t; cII 1(1 a thet I1S
ilic -
its cA!n!icall. L h: "rland ,ti i~ ue
,r lt' 1 1. iI
til lt o iiiit~ t 1' 11 t fi~it ii'c ith seir hind
adl- at farmll fri iii $Ilf tc i , 15lIv' aCrLe, onDe
Out lCI fun t i I;"'lttli~ lilid 21 IC \ '-tll Ve 1Yea
t'i- Fol.ltI Now is the 'i to l tSit a
lid Mpt Uttmetl to M~t~r ilk Col in-isr i
5i- t Ull(i ( Ii!ii. P)! if L i i al' t l tIJ's i)Pof
)n- I ti ill i 'xi hae a them t11-4 1
int (I)Lit.e eat yi d(ii (f" the - 10 pet al ve.
in just (111I.·; Ite tht" ccn ity vi to I rat;,t', i
'nd Gect m;ilk of the Welsh
Ir Dairy They sell the best.h
1ei lalurl('dh'''si(l ;at hahe i

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