Newspaper Page Text
FIGHTING HAS BEEN
SEVERE IN FRANCE
THE ITALIAN CABINET WILL NOT
BE CHANGED. AS PREMIER
SALANDRA WILL REMAIN.
A REVOYDLUTION IN PORTUGAL
The Success of the Revolutionary
Forces in Portugal Has Been Con
firmed-The Insurgents and
Latest News From the Front.
The southern end of the British
line, which extends from above
Ypres in Flanders to below Labassee,
joining the French front north of Ar
ras, has been Engaged in heavy fight
ing and the JBritish troops have, ac
corlding to official statements front
both British and French war offices,
gaiid marked success a gain.,t iho
Germans, whose line has been brohe n
over the greater part of a two-nmile
N irth of Arras the 'ren;ic troops
have bhen carrying out. a serbs of ac
tioni with thI object ofi qtrut h an
ing their front, wl in in iuui pa oe
the French claim to has ac us tL ciii
pletely d struyd:i eight iC rioe. i coin
panies th ich chiariged the fir t line
of 'rench trenoches after the explo
sion: of a mine.
At this point the Germans were
successful for a period, but two coun
ter tattacks with bayonet and hand
grendde'- resulted in the retaking of
the 'point by the French, who later
couhtted 1,000 German dead. The en
tire' fective force of the Germans
eng ged in this operation, the French
assert, who were either killed or made
In the East the Russians are pre
parrtg for their stand on the River
San., Heavy reinforcements are be
lieved to have reached that section
and' thp retreat of the Russian army,
which was characterized by reserve
rear, guard actions, is thought to be
ended, temporarily at least.
The situation in Italy has taken on
a more definite aspect, as Premier
Salandra and his cabinet have return
ed to power. The popular excitement
which was aroused by the resigna
tion of Salandra has subsided.
News that King Victor Emmanuel
,will not accept Premier Salandra's
resignation, and that Salandra and
Baron Sonnino, the foreign minister,
will remain in power, spread like
wildfire throughout Rome Friday.
A riotous crowd during the day in
vaded the Piazza Montecitorio, in
which the chamber of deputies is lo
cated, and smashed windows and
doors and destroyed everything it
linfantry and even cavalrymen and
artillerymen charged the procession
and closed the streets leading to the
Villa Ada. The mob, however, pro
ceeded to force the closing of all Ger
man shops, placarding them with
signs reading "Closed as a national
Italy is reported to have 1,700,000
soldiers ready for war if war should
come. There are reported clashes be
Austrian and Italian troops on
announcement that the insur
on at Lisbon had been crushed
apparently premature, as latest
laos from the Portugese capital in
cate a state of anarchy and fight
In the streets and that large revo
utionary forces are preparing to
The British battleship Goliath has
been torpedoed in the Dardanelles.
It is claimed 500 lives have been lost.
Announcement of the loss of the Go
liaai was made in the house of com
mons Thursday by Winston Spencer
Chyrchill, first lord of the admiralty
ir. Churchill, on announcing the
los) of the Goliath, said:
'hhe Gollath was torpedged last
night in a torpedo attack by destroy
ers while protecting the French flank
just inside the straits.
'Twenty officers and 160 men were
sa0d, which, I feel, means that over
ify hundred were lost."
)L. Churchill also announced that
th British submarine E-14 had pene
trared througa the Dardanelles and
Int) the Sea of Marmora, sinking two
Ttiikish gunboats and a Turkish trans
I he German war office at Berlin
an ounced Thursday that in the re
cetih. fighting in Galicia and Russian
Polnd 143,500 Russians had been
cagured. It also stated that sixty.
nine cannon and 255 machine guns
had been taken from the Russians
and that the victorious Austrian and
Getman forces, continuing their ad
vapce eastward in Galicia, are ap
prnaching the fortress of Przemysl.
B0ie successes on the western front
ar4 reported, but It is conceded that
at ther points the allies were able to
mt e headway.
or five days one of the greatest
bakies of the war has been on in
Fl1hders and the north of France.
Yges and Arras have been the cen
teo of this concerted movement
w kph was begun by the Germans in
antcipation of a British attack last
Saturday. The French further to the
asoh wasted no time in opening on
thw German lines with thoir artillery
and later in hand to hani combats
gained a very conslderuble amount of
ground, most of which, according to
their official report, they still hold.
AMERICAN NOTE TO
U. S. NOTE DEMANDS GUARANTEE
THAT NO FURTHER ATTACKS
BE MADE BY SUBMARINES.
LOSS OF AMERICAN LIVES
Note informs German Government
That the Sinking of Lusltania is
Considered Violation of Amer
ican Rights in Sea War Zone
Washington.-The United States, in
a note sent to Germany Thursday, de
inands a guarantee that there will be
no further attacks by submarines on
merchant ships carrying noncombat
ants. It serves notice also that fu'l
reparationl will be sought for the loss
of more than one hundred American
lives in the sinking of the Lusitania
and for other violations of American
rights in the sea zones of war.
While no indication is given of the
steps to be taken by the United States
in the event of an unfavorable reply,
the note informs the Germian govern
ment that the American government
will leave nothing unaiolne, either in
dipliunatic represeniltations or other
action, to obtain a coniplianee with its
The principal points in the note
suilstau i!tily are as follows:
1. The United Strtes government
calls attention to the various inci
dents in the war zone proclaimed by
Germany around the British Isles;
the sinking of the British liner Falaba
with the loss of Leon C. Thresher, an
American; the attack by German air
men on the steamer Cushing; the4tor
pedoing without warning of the Amer
ican steamer Gulflight, flying the stars
and stripes; and finally the torpedo,
ing without warning of the Lusitania
with its loss of more than a thousand
lives of noncombatants, among them
more than one hundred Americans.
2. These acts are declared to be
indefensible under international law.
The United States points out that it
never admitted Germany's right to do
them and warned the imperial gov.
ernment that it would be Leld to a
"strict accountability" for attacks on
American vessels or lives. A strict
accounting therefore is now asked
3. The usual financial reparation
will be sought, although Germany is
in effect reminded that no reparation
can restore the lives of those sacri
ficed in the sinking of the Lusitania
and other ships.
4. Expressions of regret may com
ply with the legal precedents, but they
are valueless unless accompanied by
a cessation of the practices endanger
ing lives of noncombatants.
5. The right of neutrals to travel
to any point of the high seas on neu
tral or belligerent merchantmen is as
6. In the name of humanity and in
ternational law the United States de
mands a guarantee that these rights
will be respected and that there be
no repetition of the attacks on mer
chantmen carrying noncombatants.
7. The giving of warning to the
American public without officially
communicating them to the United
States government is commented on
in cpnnection with the German em
bassy's printed advertisements before
the sailing of the Lusitania, but irre
spective of the failure to advise to the
American government of Germany's
purpose, the point is made that no
tice of an intention to do an unlawful
act neither justifies nor legalizes it.
8. The suggestion is conveyed that
the German government of course
could not have intended to destroy in
nocent lives and that consequently
the German submarine commanders
must have misunderstood their in
structions. The American government
indicates its hope that this will be
found to be true and a cessation of the
unlawful practices thereby will result.
9. In conclusion Germany's atten
tion is called to the earnestness of the
government and people of the United
States in this situation. It is made
plain that the United States will leave
nothing undone either in diplomatic
representation or other action to ob
tain a compliance by Germany to the
The note throughout is couched in
friendly tones, but is unmistakably
Texas Mill Makes Cotton Sack.
Austin, Tex.-The warehouse and
co-operative marketing department is
in receipt of a cotton oats sack made
by a manufacturing company of Waco,
such sack being woven by a Texas
cotton mill using exclusively Texas
cotton, Texas capital and -labor.
Brigadler General Passes Away.
Washington. - Brigadier General
William H. Forwood, United States
army, retired, died Wednesday, aged
Dallas Man Elec4ed to Office.
Chicago, Ill.-S. 2. McKelvie, Lin.
coin, Neb., was elected president, and
F. P. Holland, Jr., Dallas, Texas, vice
president of the Associated Farm
Papers, which met Wednesday in an
Nacogdoches School Burns.
Nncogdoches, Tex.- -The high school
building at Nacogdchiles was burned
WVednesday. The building was totally
destroyed and most (i contents. The
loss is about $10,000.
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ATTORNEY GENERAL CHANGED
RULING ON PURE FOOD FEES
Corrects First Decision on Focd and
Drug Fees-The Opinion Given
Austin, Tex.-The attorney gen
eral's department, in an opinion
Thursday rendered the dairy and food
commissioner, corrected a former
opinion of the department that "all
persons who shall bring or ship
or cause to be brought or ship
ped, into the state and offer for sale
in the state, articles of food or drugs
shall register and pay the fee." The
opinion rendered holds, in substance,
"It is our opinion that the phrase
'all such persons as shall bring into
and offer for sale within the state
any article of food or drug' relates to
manufacturers. We arrived at this
concltoin partly on the ground that
theraiteuld have been no reason to
require the merchant whio brought in
at some time during the year some
article of food to pay the tax and to
register his name with the food and
drug commissioner. There would,
howqver, be good reason to require all
manyfacturers of food and drugs to
register their names with the food
and drug commissioner for the reason
that if some of their products should
be fiih P to 'be impure or not properly
matfictired, then the matter could
be keni up directly with the manu
tactQi'r. 'We think it clear that this
provision was not intended as a reve
nue measure, and if not a revenue
meas'ure then the prime object must
have been to furnish data to the food
and drug comnmissioner, which data
would enable him the better to per
form -11is duties.
"We ,a .e, therefore, of the opinion
that'imanufacturers of foods and drugs
doing business in the State of Texas
should be required tp pay the registra
tion fee.of $1 and.. all such persons
(manufacturers) as. shalj, bring .intc
and.offer fo; sale.wJth .,thq.state any
article, of ,fobd.or.iug. sbou b ba. reg
istered;-.that4ealers.wo.41 not Ia-.n
ufacture either, food.oa dasmg, but.&ij
ply..urdpn ar t., of the. afitile$ - tmYý
selL.-fromw,twiioutt the,,tafe, a;4 not.
required rto .ay.-th4o regis atio( ,qe
Imeraendi n tuirireBMV*,BIrsyddl rlat ."
Wgshipton.-At h9 o= J:'7*0f~-1L'1
$8,8$0,.793, :i 18 8r cht~trel
stiil:Pitb Wd· .gn .Sq &:FlR'~ ·
but.,the pa!oggi9 va e4 l 4 i
thersrd- qf ". t nRta t ;Rf Al
returned. Texas bgSIj .atg*I@ a4
7 gOyiB phfi4P 1 Cpo$%**9bCI (ff 19UIRW~
thaspalay-( ýike ttale- 1 O Igp
baq~t)4?pry:l)474014ctkY Cr~; belgag
$90,950. Arkansas banks hqipl et;l
Mtanta , --L0 . rnr a
tenced to be hanged on Tuesday,
22, for the murder of Mary fliitlR;'
a factory girl. Sentence was passed
by Judge Ben H. Hill of ·the Jp~toq
county superiei court Molnlayjrurgar,
Phagan was killed on Aprll'-26, 1Q1,3L.
Before sentence was pronoujged;
Frank made a statement to the court,
reiterating his declarations of Inno
Texas Team Loses Tennis Title.
New Orleans, La.-Tulane Univer
sity Wednesday won the doubles title
in the Southern' Intercqllegiate Ath
letic Association tennis tournament,
Douglas, Watters and Henry Bruns
defeating H. Broad and Gillespie
Stacy of the University of Texas,
three out of four sets in the finals.
Tulane won the first two sets, 6-4,
6-4, but lost the third, 8-10.
Contracts fow Navy Dirigible.
Washington.-Construction of the
navy's first dirigible was authorized
Friday by Secretary Daniels, who
awarded the contract tb the Connecti
cut Air Craft Company of New'Haven
on a bid of $45,636.
Texan Appointi'd to West Point.
Washington. - Representative Eu
gene Black of Texas has appointed Ed
ward R. Keasler of Sulphur Springs
as cadet to Wes' Point Military Acad
MiON HIAS NO INFLUENCE
OVER GROWING OF CROPS
Experiments by Department of Agri"
cutture Show That LicJht From
Lunar Ors Cannot Affect Plants.
\Vashington-The department of a=
ricultare has smnasihed another tra'di
tion by declaring that fromn a scienti
fic standpoint the moon Ins no more
to do with the growing of crops than
it has upon the temperature, the
amount of rain, the wind or any other
element of weather. This will be a
severe blow to those who have be
lieved that potatoes in order to be a
successful crop should be planted dur
ing certain phases of the moon, or
that garden truck flourishes more
readily under moon influence when
The department points out r that
growth of plants depends upon the
amount of food in the soil and in the
air that is available for them, and
upon temperature, light and moisture.
The moon gives no virility to soil,
neither does it affect the composition
of atmosphere, hence the only. e, , -
ing way by which it coildinfllence
plant growth is by its lighta cpreri
ments have shown that-full daylight
is about 600,000 timcs brighter than.
full moonlight, yet when a plhnt gets
one one-hundredth part of normal day
light it thrives little bletter then in -
total darkness. If one one-hundredth.
part of normal daylight is too. little to,
stimulate a plant, the lepartmnt says
that it is certain that one si; hunqred
thousandth part would impart no ben
etit at all.
It is added that it is a waste of
time to thihk'abdiit The tnl66n in this
connectioti'WIth the planiting of crops,
since it 1ratnib mfore to do with this
than it hkr rittths building of fences,
the time for killing hogs; or any other
of, the inndimrable things over which
it was once supposed to have strong
in Itlencb . ' , '
lPosition of the deIartment does not
disturb' the scleitific fact that the
mbon "iffeits' the' odCeAt tides, and
mniy Will tottthUa' to believe that -it
pesbaes ral " br dotitht, 'since- there
Is liafdly t1otbbffrtlt' 'ih 'thdilnited
`Mates that does not hold a theotiy
a1 oil64 fib'" bl K"illty-" utoin: * *
? IlPal kupet -flj- 41ceeeorrepIt res..
rto thxi ritrr . ieaRb- W4leen...ta
u e his best-!ýeff ti .tW" r aintain- in.
" latae tbe.'tfeetrality-of the-united
TS atop:wras:tro.ted"-'lown- by -the lower
'h fl a tf-the:iFloridai legelature 'Wed.
t ufla jt keIThrTes4lutie -passbd " the
h ` " "t ffcl aieled by Btyan.
S" " ecretagry of State
it apjhi ea William' F.
WI,, i t of the First State
r ! r tA:s,. Jackson County,
p Lp te geW tart to serve until
e4 p.jxianent selection. Mr.
Jchw nf b succeeds ex-Governor H. B.
rg E New Mexico.
1 Cleveland Fire Costs $10,000.
K' Cleveland, Tex.-Fire Tuesday do
btroyed the Herald printing plant, the
:general store of R. L. Williamson and
the harness store of Bate Simm'ons.
several other buildings, among them
the First State Bank building and the
general store of H. B. Whitmore, were
Aviator Palls Head First.
Washington. - Ensign Melvin L.
Stoltz of the navy aviation corps was
instantly killed Saturday while mak.
ing a low altitude flight at Pensacola,
Fla., according to an announcement
by the navy department. Stoltz fell
out of his machine head first while
making a dive.
Tennis Champion is Killed.
London.a Anthony F. Wilding of
New Zealand, former lawn tennis
champion of Great Britain and who
several times has been a member of
the Australian team in the Davis cup
matches, has been killed in the fight
ing at the Dardanelles.
More Than 80,C00 Captured.
SBerlin.-The nurber of prisoners
Laptured on one paut of our line sincfc
day 2 is more than 80,000, says an ol
ficial statement islued Tuesday.
CLAIMS SHORTAGE $60,000
NATIONAL GUARD PROPERTY
Property in Question Consisted of
Tents, Blankets, Uniforms, Arms,
Ammunition, Haversacks, Etc.
Brownsville, Tex. - Charges that
there are shortages amounting to $6o,
000 in Texas National Guard property
were made by Captain Collin H. Ball,
U. S. A., inspector-instructor in the
guard, testifying for the government
in the preliminary examination Fri
day of former Captain George J. Head
of the Texas guard, on charges of em
bezzling and con racy to defraud
Captain Ball testified that this
shortage occurred during the time of
a former officer of the Texas Nation
al Guard, who has resigned and now
is believed to be in Mexico.
Property to the amount stated was
inspected by a Texas guard officer,
and condemned according to required
procedure. The reports of condemna
tion, witness testified, were submit
ted to the war department, were ac
cepted and the property orlered de
stroyed. Instead of destroy ing the
property, the witness charged that
the goods had beei sold.
The property in question consisted
of 60O teints, 1,000 blank<ts, many uLi
forms, i:u amyunitio, gpare parts
of rifh le t( ns, haVersueks, and, in
fact, al:iiost every variety of equip
niment is cud by t'o gov:rinment to the
Texas Natitnil GuI rd.
The wit:iess ts tii'ied that 19,00+0 cot
ton khaki iinifoi1fs turnad in when
the olive drab niiiforims superseded
them vwere sold. On Mfarch 2, 1915,
witness testified, a cair - beled sec
ond-hand ciothing was slhipped out of
Austin and hauled to Matainoios, Mlex
Captain Head, offering testimony in
his own behalf, admitted selling some
uniforms to the Mexicrns, but said
that he bought them in perfectly good
faith. He told of paying approximate
ly $4,000 for the good bought, and
said paynments had been made in
Captain Head was bound over to
the federal court on charges of con
spiracy to defraud the government by
selling army property of the Texas
National Guard. Bond was fixed at
TATE COMMISSION GIVES
SOME RAILROAD DECISIONS
Dismisses Proposition Requiring Bills
of Lading to Show Condition of
Cotton Bale "Spiders," Etc.
. Austin, Tex.-The railroad commis
sion Thursday announced its decisions
of propositions considered at a pre,
vious hearing, granting in part the ap
plication of the railroads to amend
the theatrical or party tariff rate. The
commission fixed a parking charge of
.$1 per car for each day after forty.
eight hours. The railroads asked for
a charge of $3 per day. The amount
of baggage allowed each advance
agent and each adult was reduced
from 200 to 150 pounds and for each
child reduced from 100 to 75 pounds.
The present minimum charge of $35
Jfor private or baggage car was in.
--creased to $50 and the $45 minimum
bincreased to $75.
The proposition to require that bills
of lading on cotton in bales carry
'notation showing condition as to
The application for a readjustment
iof ratings on peanut products in car
!loads was granted as to peanut oil,
:cake and meal, taking the same rates
as cotton seed by-products, and pass
*ed as to screenings. Other proposi
rtions granted were: Readjustment of
-concentration regulation on wool and
Imohair; to include tin or tinned iron
spoons in coffee premiums; to remove
depot building from East La Porte
on Galveston, Harrisburg amd San An
tonio railroad to Sylvan Beach. The
-proposed readjustment of ratings on
mohair, less than carloads, and pro
-posed readjustment of rates on fruit,
melon and vegetable baskets and
hampers were passed.
Would Preserve the Name.
Houston, Tex.-The women of the
Southern Baptist Convention, in their
Women's Missionary Union, Friday
went on record as opposing young
women's Christian associations in Bap
-tist schools. The idea was that the
Buptists should preserve their own
denominationalism in their own
World Court Congress Adjourns.
Cleveland, Ohio.-The World Court
Congress held its concluding session
Friday, with its delegates expressing
the opinion that the latest movement
toward world peace, an international
court of justice, had been launched
toward a conclusion that is bound to
Two More Flood Victims Found.
Austin, Tex.-The bodies of Mrs.
Stella Hallo, X6 years old, and Har
vey King, 20 years old, victims of the
Austin flood, were recovered Tuesday,
both being found in the Colorado river
near Montopolls bridge.
$1,000 for Vanderbilt's Body.
Qucenstown.-Alfred G. Vander
bilt's secretary has oi'er-ed a reword
of $1,000 for the recovery of Ldr.. Van
cierbilt's body. He was a passenger
on the Lusitanma.
CJNCERNS CHARTERED T(O
D00 BUSINESS IN TEXA
Thirteen Oil Companies. With Aggr1
gate Capital of $354,500, Foried.
Austin, Tex.--Thirteen oil com.
panies, all Operating in the Thrai
field, with capital stocl aegregatig
$354,500, were filed Thursday in the
office of the secretary of the state
And there was one oil com-pany which
filed an amendment increasing its
capital stock from $35,000 to $150,000.
All records for a day's filing of oil
company charters, as far as the total
capital stock is concteried, were
Among the charters was that of the
National Oil Company of Thrall, with
capital stock of $lO0o,0i+, the largest of
any company yet taking c.it a charter,
The incorporators are W. I. Davis of
Milam county, E.:, L. Steck and D. B
Spiller of Travis county. The Eimtoda
Oil and Development Company of Aus.
tin filed an amendment increasing its
capital stock from $:: ,,T+! to $150,000,
which now has the ;argest capital
stock of any oil com1p11an chartered
for Ihe Thrall field. The charters
Nntionil Oil to in n iil , Thrall; capi.
tal J(oik, Iii"ai, i . iloorporators.
iR. Davis, E. L. Steck and D. a
Starcouse Oil anid G.Ci Company,
At hin ; apital +v' + . f,, ''a,. ~n
ter, (. C. Oum1I11in
C(' ccýli 1, :l'rt1''v (.1 Comlpany,Cald.
well: ('pit' ' l siockul 12)0 . Incor.
15orW1,'-: R. N. Sxlton, W'. J. Harlan
and A. It. Grieoso.
Palim Valley Oil Companv, Austin;
capial Istock, $25,0(uo. Incorporators:
W. H. Richardson, Jr., Chvrles Rogan
and F. ('. Hlendirix.
Thrall-Weir Oil C'omnpan, Weir;
capital stock, $8,001. Incorporators:
J. W. Hale, Carl Liese and J. L
Thrall Producers Oil Company,
Georgetown; capital stock, $25,000.
Incorporators: F. D. Love, W. 1,
Davis, G. M. McDaniel.
Coipland Independent Oil Company,
Elgin, Bastrop county; capital stock
$25,000. Incorporators: J. 0. Smith,'
L. Roy Jones and L. 0. Keible. -
Thrall Home Olibo0Cmpany, Thorn
dale; capital stocle :.$15,000. Incom
porators:' I. Rudi,. R,. M. Barnes and
O. B. Hoover.
Brazos Oil and Gas Company,
Waco; capital stock, $4,500. Incor
porators: W. H. Davenport, T. W,
Simpson and C. C. Robarts.
Black Land Oil Company, Tyler;
capital stock, $30,000. Incorporators:
Howard Bland, J. P. Burns and R. II,
The Elmoda Oil and Development
Company of Austin filed an amend.
ment increasing capital stock from
$35,000 to $150,000.
Government Reports Crops.
Washington-The department of ag
riculture's May grain report this week
Winter wheat area to be harvest.
ed, 40,169,000 acres; condition, 921
per cent; indicated acre yield, i1I
bushels; indicated production, 693,'
'Rye condition, 89.9 per cent.
Hay stocks on farms, 8,468,000 tons,
or 12.1 per cent of last year's crop.
Pasture condition, 87.2 per cent.
Spring plowing, 78.3 per cent coa
pleted May 1.
Spring planting was 65.3 per c;
completed May 1.
Coroner's Verdict in Lusitalnia Cas.
Kinsale, Ireland.-When the inquest
over five victims of the Lusitania had
been concluded Monday, the corcfl&'
jury returned the following ,erdict:
"The jury finds that this appallfaq
crime was contrary to international
law and the conventions of all ciut
lized Iations, and we, therefori,
charge the officers of the subnla$iMt
and the German emperor and ahl tbj
govetnment of Germany, undei' whbn'
orders they acted, with the crime of
willful and wholesale murder."
Officer Kills Two Bandits.
Marfa, Tex.-Two men were U
and two captured in the Big Bend a
the Rio Grande near Boquillas by 7W
as rangers, river guards and csitsOdi
inspectors, as a result of a battle b
tween the officers and fifteen allep
cattle smugglers. The remainder '
the bandits retreated across the RIO
Grande into Mexico, putting up a Sp8*
ning fight until they were safe on the
other side of the river.
Pearland Plans to Grow FIgs.
Pearland, Tex.-The fig gr6peer o.
Pearland and vicinity at a meetlaS
this week formulated plans with U
view to handling the fig crop in
around Pearland. It is now evi4d'
that the coming season will wf0IE
an increased interest in fig cult0r*
There are over four hundred acres i
big orchards for the coming SeM8
Bridge is Damaged $60,000.
Velasco, Tex.-The central span
the unfinished bridge being built jol*
ly by the railroad and Brazoria colDtl
across the Brazos river at BiraOdi
was carried away Saturday by IM
flood waters. The damage is
mated at $60,00O.
Texas Copper Is Being MiCd?.
El Paso, Tex.-The phe'iomenfl hiZ
in the price of copper, cn" to theWj
has opened up the ? exas ctpper
in eastern El Paso county.