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FRENCH REACHING OUT
FOR GE[RAN RAILROAD
PROGRESS IS BEING MADE TO
WARD IMPORTANT RAILROAD
LINE USED BY GERMAN ARMY.
TURKS IN FULL RETREAT
The Turks Are in Full Rc.reat Along
the Tigris River Toward Bagdad
With the British in Pursuit-At
titude of Bulgaria, Etc.
Latest War News From the Front.
The G(; rmian second line of defense I
in the ( ' a:,,n:l;ane region and the im
portal' , ailoay lying behind it are
still Ithe objecti es of the French
arnl, and it is fighting tlenlaciously
dav and night for a. sccesfi;l issue of
the gr-,it offensive begiun last we,'ii.
With their twelve-mile front running
from Auberive to Ville Sur Tourbe al
ready at distances ranging flront two
and on,-half to three miles from thele
railway, the Freneh are still battling,
and although they are meeting with
fierce resistance, have made further
Three small sections of the front in
the western zone are the central
points around which the battles be
tween the allied French and British
and the Germans continue to rage.
These lie between Souchez and Vimy;
in the regions of Loos and Labassee
canal, and around Mesnil and Mas
siges, on the southern bend of the
line. Farther east, in the forests of
Apremont and La Petite, the big guns
of both sides are booming, and vio
lent artillery duels are in progress.
"We have maintained all the new
positions conquered," says the French
report in dealing with the fighting
between Souchez and Vimy, in the
Artois region, where artillery and in
fantry fighting is in progress in the
The British are driving hard
against the German third line of de
fense to the east of Loos, while the
French in the Champagne district,
where early in the battle they carried
many miles of trenches, are directing
their efforts in the neighborhood of
Massiges toward gaining control of
the railroad constituting the chief line
of communication of the German army
on that front.
It is expected that the weather will
soon put an end to the operations in
the east, as with the continued rains
the rivers can not be forded, and the
Russians, wherever possible, are get
ting behind them.
The British have inflicted another
serious defeat on the Turks in Meso
potamia. The Tigris army, after suf
fering heavy losses, is in flight toward
Bagdad. Thus the three armies which
the Turks sent to Mesopotamia against
the Anglo-Indian invaders have been
scattered. In May the Tigris army
was driven back from Kurna to north
of Amara; the ariny of Kasun was
driven from Ahwaz and the army 'of
the Euphrates was last heard of as
fugitive on the river somewhere north
It is again reported that an Austro
German army 300,000 strong is as
sembling for an offensive against Ser
Furious fighting still characterizes
the united efforts of French and Brit
ish to break through the German lines
on the western front. The allied
forces, the French war office an
nounces, continue to make gains of
-ground and add to their captures of
men, guns and stores.
Foot by foot, as the official com
fmunication reads, the French are
making progress east of Souchez, im
portant territory from a startegical
point of view, and have likewise con
tinued their advance in Champagne.
It contains the significant statement
that among the Germans taken prison
er were pien who had been brought
back from the Russian front a few
days ago. That would seem to indi
cate that the Austro-Germans have
been compelled to weaken to some ex
tent their eastern battle front in or
der to reinforce those sections of the
western line which the allies are at
tacking with heavy guns, rapid-firers
and the bayonet.
Field Marshal Sir John French re
ports the capture of powerful German
defenses around Loos, where the num
ber of prisoners taken by the British
has now reached three thousand, for- I
ty machine guns being taken and
many destroyed. The British have
captured the first and second lines and
are heavily engaged in an attack on
The allied trenches in the Argonne
are being violently bombarded by the
guns of the German crown prince, but
no attack' by infantry has been at
tempted. Some of the first line
trenches taken from the French by the
Germans on this front Monday have
been retaken by means of hand gre
Twenty thousand unwounded Ger
man prisoners, and dead and wounded
on both si~e in numbers of which as
yet there is no estimate, is the toll
taken in the first two days' drive of
the Anglo-French forces, which have
begun a great offensive movement
against the German intrenchments
along the line in the western war zone
Sfrom the North Sea to the Swiss fron
Two distinctive operations are un
der way, one north of Arras and the E
other in the Champagne region, while i
there has been an incessant bombard- t
nent almost most of the entire froni. i
DOS GREAT DAMAGE
LOUISIANA-MISSISSIPPI COAL, Io
SWEPT BY SEVERE STORM.
MANY L1VES LOST.
DAMAGE TO SHIPPING GREAT
Damage Done at New Orleans Will
Total Around $2,000,000-Lowest
Barometer Reaping Ever Record
ed-Reports From Other Towns
New Orleans, La., vial Raton IRouge.
Fourteen known dead: si-t 11 scores
of injured treated at the' C.'aritiy hos
pital: property damage raclii per
haps $2,0I0,u000; no street car:. in op
eration; river front strewnl with w at\ie
wreI'c ka , !the dock ho:rd(! alone slit
fetrinl many tiousands of dollars dai,
age: outlying sectionl flooded, alnd
i loephone, telegratl' a1ndl train : ervit-e
paralyzed-this is the gist of t he Nv w
tirleans storm situlation at Iprtsiit.
New Orleans and the surrounldin:t
territory are beginning to reccover
from the \vorst hurricane ever experi
enced in that section, according to
weather bureau amnd other records.
Scarcely a large e late glai:s window
remains intact in the downtown se(c
tion and many stocks of good: were
damaged by wind and rain. Signs,
telegraph, telephone and electric light
poles and wires and debris from dam
aged buildings littered the streets and
hundreds of structures were unroofed
or demolished in various parts of the
city. Early unofficial statements
placed the property damage at nearly
In the Cumberland Telephone Com
pany's exchange fifteen persons, most
ly girls, were injured when all the
windows on the floor where they were
working crashed in.
The maximum velocity of the wind,
according to the local weather bureau,
was between 120 and 130 miles an
hour. The wind blow at this rate for
one minute between 5:30 and 6 o'clock
Wednesday night. The highest sus
tained velocity was eighty-six miles,
about 5:40 p. m.
Reports From Mobile.
Mobile, Ala.-The West Indian hur
ricane that spent its force Wednesday t
night against New Orleans and vicin- v
ity took a toll of at least a score of
lives and did extensive property dam- t
age at smaller cities and resorts along i
the Louisiana-Mississippi gulf coast, I
according to advices coming in slowly i
over crippled lines of communication.
Most of the loss of life reported was a
in Frenier, La. The railroad agent 1
at that town telegraphed that eight e
white persons and seventeen negroes
had been drowned and many injured I
when the wind drove the waters of a
Lake Ponchartrain into the streets.
Two children lost their lives in PIsca- t
goula, Miss., when a house was de- I
molished, and two men were electro- V
cuted by wires torn down by the b
storm. Several other deaths were re- s
ported in isolated sections.. t
Low districts of a number of other
cities and villages along the coast
were flooded. Three feet of water
was reported at Slidell, La., near the
east bank of Lake Ponchartrain, and e
property damage there from wind is
said to be great. Water is said to have
been two feet deep in the streets of
Coden, Miss., and the bay front shell
road there inundated to a depth of six
feet. Three miles of railroad track
near Ruddock, La., have been washed b
At Gulfport, Miss., four steamers, in- a
eluding the British steamer Birchwood g
of 1,800 to-s, were washed over the
wharves an:l are fast aground.
Reports From Morgan City.
Morgan City, La.-Morgan City 9
passed safely through one of the worst
storms since 1889. A wind that at
tained a velocity of eighty-five miles di
at intervals began blowing Tuesday
night shortly after 11 o'clock and con
tinued throughout Wednesday until
midnight. Damage that will probably s
total $100,000 has been wrought in ti
Morgan City, Berwick and vicinity.
Steamboats were sunk and gasboats fl
were crushed as though built of B
"papier mache." The storm broke
from a northerly direction.
New Orleans, La., via Wireless of
Steamers Exceleior and Creole to Mo
bile.-Ten persons are known to b t
dead, many people injured and prop- fa
erty loss reaching into the millions, st
including the partial wrecking of the t,
famous French market section, was w
caused Wednesday night by the most i
severe gulf storm in the history of
A gale with a velocity of eighty-six
miles an hour swept the city at 6 o
o'clock Wednesday night, demolishing gi
many buildings, stripping the roofs m
from hundreds of other structures and hi
strewing the streets with broken glass e
A special bulletin issued Wednesday
night by the weather bureau at Wash
"The tropical cyclone first observed th
on the 22d over the Eastern Caribbean dl
Sea, whence it traveled westward,
passing near the soith of Ja:maica to
the Yucatan channel, where it t
changed its course and moved north
ward, reaching the gulf coast near the
mouth of the Mississippi Wednesday H
morning. During Wednesday its cen- al
ter advanced northward, and at 2 p. m. fo
it was near the south of New Orleans. ic
TURN OF THE SEASON
rL'T 1 LltA
~ \ Ic
MEXICAN SOLDiERS AID
BANDITS ON RIO GRANDE
U. S. Troops Engaje in Battle With
Entrenched Mexicans While Chas
ing Bandits From Texas Soil.
Brownsville, Tex.-'An international
crisis of grave possibilities arose Fri
day when two to three hundred Car
ranza soldiers, led by a Carranza of
ficer in full uniform, covered from in
trenchments on the Mexican si(le the
retreat of sevtenty to eight Mexicans
who early Friday raided the town of
Progreso, thirty-five mites above
Brownsville, sacked and attempted to
burn the unguarded store of Florencio
Saenz, a Mexican, and killed one
American soldier, Private Henry
Stubblefield of Troop C, Twelfth cav
a!ry. Stubblefield was shot twice in
the body when li he and his detachment.
of twelve mien approached the build
ing, unaware that it was occupied .by
The unsuspecting Americans were
just preparing for their day's rest,
after an all nighc of patrol duty, when
the two shots that started the trouble
were fired. The Mexicans did not wait
to fight, but fled on their horses down
the old military highway. After go
ing some distance they headed for the
Rio Grande, under fire from the Amer
Smelling smoke, the troopers began
an investigation of the interior of the
building. The Mexicans had attempt
ed to burn the building after looting
it, but in their haste to get away the
loot was left behind. The troopers
also discovered an unexploded bomb.
In the meantime the message had
gone out and American troops from
Donna, Mercedes and Santa Maria, all
within range of six to eight miles,
began closing in. Reinforcements of
sixty men arrived, and the chase of
the Mexicans, led by what seemed a
Carranza army officer, began.
The Americans reached the river to
find that the band had scattered in
the brush up and down the river. Sev
eral were spied crossing the Rio
Grande in a boat, and the Americans,
who up to this time had not been
seen from the Mexican side, opened
fire and killed two men in the boat.
Thereupon firing began from the Mexi
can side from behind perhaps a half
mile of intrenchments that were dug
by the Mexicans at the time of the!
across-the-Rio Grande battle in Au
The Mexicans kept up this fire for
two hours, during which time it was
estimated by the American army men
that 3,000 shots were fired. The Amer
icans, in the face of this fire from
Mexico, coutd not approach the bank
of the river to obtain a better .view
of the fleeing bandits crossing up and
down the stream.
Postpone Mexican Quarantine.
El Paso, Tex.-Upon receiving as
surances from the local health authori
ties that they were fully able to cope
with the rituation caused by the in
flux of refugees from Mexico, Dr. W.I
B. Collins, Texas state health officer,
has decided to postpone the proclama
tion of a quarantine against Mexico.
Famous Racing Dog Team Sold.
Nome, Alaska.-The Allan Darling
team of racing dogs, winners of the
famous 412-mile all-Alaska sweep
stake race, was sold Saturday to Lieu
tenant Haas of the French army, who
will take the dogs to France for use
in Alpine service.
Kidnaped Ranchman is Released.
El Paso, Tex.-E. P. Fuller, manager
of the Cudahy ranch at Santo Domi-p
go, near Villa Ahumada, who was kit i
naped recently for a ransom said to<
have been equivalent to $2,000 in Unit
ed States currency, has been released I
and has reached Villa Ahumada. <
Houston, Tex.-Twelve cents was
the official quotation for cotton, mid- t
dling grade, on the Houston Cotton a
Exchange Tuesday, and when that t
point was reached Houston became i
the highest spot market in the South. 7
Haltiens Killed by Americans.
Cape Haitien,--In an attack by
Haitian rebels on an American force
about two miles from Cape Haitien I
forty Haitians were killed. Ten Amer- r
icans were wounded.
U. S. PAID $5,000,000,000
E IN PENSIONS SINCE 1790
i Veterans of Civil War Get $4,500,000,
000 From Uncle Sam-$1,000,000
Sent to Foreign Countries.
S Washington.-The government has
pair nearly $5,(00,000,000 in pensions
since 1790, according to the annual
report of the commissioner of pen
sions, just issued, and of this amount
more than $4,590,000.000 has gone for
veterans of the civil war. During the
e fiscal year the civil war pension rolls
Swere reduced 33,255, or about 400 more
than during 1914. When the civil war
came the standing army was small.
The Northern enlistments, including
the draft, numbered 2,213,365 men.
There are today 396,370 survivors
The total number on the pension
rolls, including all wars and the causes
arising therefrom, at the close of the
fiscal year was 748,147. Of these,
nearly 700,000, including all classes
beirn taken care of, are accredited
to the civil war. The war with Spain
and the Philippines insurrection,
which has already cost the govern
ment nearly $50,000,000, is paid to
about 29,000 pensioners. It is esti
mated that for the full period $70,000,
000 was paid on account of the revolu
tionary war, $46,000,000 on account of
the war of 1812, to which are now ac
credited 134 claimants, and to claim
ants on account of the Mexican war
e bout $49,500,000 There are nearly
5,000 of these on the rolls.
New Fourth Class Postmasters.
Washington.-The following Texas
fourth-class postmasters were named:
Hall, San Saba county, Louis N.
Gooch; Noonan, Medina county, Jas.
E. Seay; Pandale, Val Verde county,
Ed Smith; Mercy, San.Jacinto county,
Barney B. Carnes; Dentonio, Dimmit
county, Everett J. Vesey; Pipe Creek,
' Bandera county, Mrs. Maggie A. Das
kin; Ander, Goliad county, Jesse W.
Watson; James, Upshur county, Mts.
Hazel Cobb (postoffice formerly call
ed Jameson); Westminister, Collin
county, Mrs. Ella C. Johnsey; Choice,
Shelby county, Mrs. Lizzie Cook; Ray
ford, Montgomery county, Mrs. Mamle
C. Stothart; Steeles Store, Brazos
county, Joseph Scanlin; Tordia, Wil.
son county, Joseph A. Wassenich.
Historic Will Be Returned.
Richmond, Va.-J. P. Morgan of New
York has sent to Justice James Keith,
president of the Virginia court of ap
peals, to be disposed of by him at his
own discretion, the will of Martha
Washington, taken from the records of
Fairfax court house by a federal sol
dier during the civil war and bought
by the late Pierpont Morgan for his 11
Conditions Along Border Bad.
Washington.-Conditions along the
Mexican border in the Brownsville dis
trict again have become acute, accord
ing to messages to the war depart
ment Tuesday from Major General
Funston. A battery of moptain artil
lery has been d spatched to Progreso,
Texas, to prevent a raid by 500 ban
dits who threaten to cross into Ameri
can 4erritory, advicet said.
Passengers Burned by Indians.
San Diego, Cal.-Eighty passengers
of a Southern Pacific Mexican train
were thrown Into a car containing hay
and the car set on .fire by' a bard of
Yaqui Indians Friday near Torres, So.
nora, according to radio advices re
ceived Saturday from Hermosillo via
Guaymas. Only twenty passengers
have been accounted for thus far, the
others having been burned to death.
New Subm'arine Type Pleases.
Provincetown, Mass.- Representa.
tives of the navy department were
gratified Wednesday by a satisfactory
test of the new giant submarine M-l,
which completed an underwater cruise.
The M-1 is said to be larger than the
famous German U boats.
Lake Charles Fire Costly.
Lake Charles, La.-The mill of the
Peavy Byrnes Lqmber Company, two
miles from Kinder, was partly destroy- I
ed by fire Wednesday. Loss $754~00.
EXPLOSION CLAIMS MAWI
LIVES AT ARDMORE, E' A.
Spark From Workman's Hammer Ig
nites a Car of Gasoline and Sets
Ardmore, Okla.----A spark fromi a
worktLn's hammer ignited a 25l)-bar
rel tank car of gasoline Monday and
from the ruin: of two city blocks razed
by the resulting explosion and the
fires which 'flloýwed thirty-one bodies
have been recovered.
Fitty persons were believed to have
been crushed to death under falling
walls or burned to death while pin
ned in the debris of stores, wholr,sale
houses and the Ardmore railroad sta
tion. Seach among the ruins is pro
ceeding. The property damage was
estimated at $5(, 'r)'
The explosion of the gasoline wr-ek
ed an entire block of buiidings in the
heart of the town and preciirated a
scene of panic and disas c-r. '- car,
owned by the Atchison, Topeka and
Santa Fe railway, was standing near
the railroad station. Along Main
street, from the station to the VWhit
tington hotel, every building was de
molished and on the opposite side of
the street the plant of Swift & Co.. a
two-story rooming house and cafe and
other business buildings were razed.
Over the splintered rooms of these
buildings and for blocks around the
flaming gasolina was thrown, starting
a score of fires.
Not a window in thre city escaped
the force of the explosion and the en
tire population, sensing the disaster,
poured terrified into the streets.
"Ardmore was a hideous inferno of
smoke and flame, of pungent odors
and blood and groans," said one wit
ness, telling of conditions which fol
lowed the explosion.
In spite of the confusion and uncer
tainty, the smoke which filled the air
and the jumbled brick and timber
" which blocked the streets, there were
many instances of heroism and self
control, which doubtless reduced the
death list. Rescue teams quickly were
organized. Private houses were open
; ed to the injured, women and girls
volunteering as nurses while hus
bands and brothers fought the flames
which threatened the town or search
ed for injured imprisoned in the
ruins. Telegraph and telephone com
munication was severed for five hours
and it was impossible to secure aid
from the outside world.
Two hundred injured are being
United States Cavalry Fired On.
Brownsville, Tex.-A patrol of the
Twelfth United States cavalry was
fired on three times Wednesday in the
vicinity of the La Feria pumping
plant, twenty-five miles above Browns
ville, and on the bank of the Rio
Grande. Two of the shots came from
the Mexican side of the Rio Grande,
the noncommissioned officer in com
mand reported, while one shot was
fired from the American side. In re
ply, the troopers, twenty in all, fired
three rounds each into the surrounding
brush, but failed to locate persons re
sponsible for the shots.
Sentences Passed in Nueces Cases.
Corpus Christi, Tex.-August Ueh
linger, Lee Riggs, Tom Dunn, Ed Cas
tleberry and Henry Stevens, recently
convicted in the federal court of con
spiracy against the United States in
corrupting an election at which con
gressmefti were voted for, were taken
to the Victoria county jail Friday,
where they will remain pending the ac
tion of their attorneys 'in appealing
the cases. Uehlinger, Castleberry and
Stevens were each given a year and
a day at Leayenworth (Kan.). prison;
Riggs and Dunn were given six
months in the Victoria county jail.
Kills Twenty-One Doves in One Shot.
San Antonio, Tex.--District Judge
W. S. Anderson and Sheriff John W.
Tobin were confronted with a knotty
problem Saturday when a deputy sher
iff reported to them that a hunter had
killed twenty-one doves at one shot.
Whether the hunter violated the state
game law, which forbids any one per.
son to kill more than fifteen doves in
one day, was a question upon which
both Judge Anderson and Sheriff To
bin declined to rule. The incident
was reported to the attorney genera'
for a ruling.
Mother of Texas Governor Dead.
Salado, Tex. - Within a stone's
throw of the home to which fifty
years ago she came to Bell County
with her husband, Rev. James E. Fer
guson, Methodist preacher, soldier and
flour miller, all that was mortal of
Mrs. Fannie Fitzpatrick Ferguson,
mother of the governor of Texas, was
consigned to its last rest Tuesday in
historic Salado cemetery, near the
town which by one vote missed the
distinction of being chosen as the cap
ital of the State.
Great Storm Rages in Italy.
Rome., via Paris.--A great storm
has been raging throughout Italy, caus
ing floods and landslides. Trees have 1
been uprooted by the wind and the
wide overflow of rivers has drowned
Calls 400,000 to the Colors.
Paris. - Mobilization of twentS
classes of Greek troops will call tc
the colors 400,000 men. This is thf i
I official figure given by the Greek war
OPINION CF IMPRT
1VEM Y TERNE
O n l y 2 r' ,e B i r d s C- `
pe- I and Lab
Lien U1. Lahor's Prod'rers"
lii " me, fish an4n
d , ' hat the feu
wii' : tat arte at
hte ity fli perr
due;, .or.-five marl D
quir. ' s 'l of the pes!
The c',rn)i!;;:: inr r of 1asUt
hankin';* ;,: ised that mfg
aind ; h 'rr Ierforming any
in tht i I'Il'I ;' ,tion and uIan
of lulm r ien a statuta
ulo li i:,, roducts of their
and t i, !::! inery, tools,
etc., lsF, ,, ,I rl 0 1 er tion withj
fot man, ,, (;: i t:iir labor. This
ho(,~.ir, :. for the wages
labo,'r. ' i, ;ij I does not a1pt
supeTrit)ll ;n,'I,t or manager. G
to fix a ii,.n for labor it m t
that thit lir"son claiming enc
within thA elasses named in til
The c(oulty attorney at
was advised that where a pajy
application for or opposes the
ment of a guardian for a
drunkard, and on the trial the
Is defeated, the cost shoul~d
jud:cd against him; that wt
person is found to be a
drunkard thrý cost should be
his estate, if sufficient; and,a
ficient, the cost should be pakl
county. If the defendant b
charged, the person at whos
the proceeding was had shall
cost, unless such proceeding
stituted by an officer actingi
ficial capacity, in which casel.
shall be paid by the county.
The county attorney at
Springs was advised that the
appropriated by chapter 47, adt
legislature, is not apportion0l
different counties; that in *
the commissioners court ct ie
counties to ascertain when'"
propriation is, or about to
hausted they .hould
with the controller; that e
pressly provides the state shall
liable after the appropr1at t
exhausted. Therefore, whea
propriation has been exhauds,'
will be no law authorizing the
by the state and future
would have no authority to
propriations .o pay deflcidg+
The board of water eautc
advised that the'irrigation acid
undertakes to give to any p
poration, irrigation district,."
structing or operating an
canal the right to acquire !
nation a right of way ovfr
lands and also lands fpri
plants, etc., and, also, that
the taking of the land of o
right of way and for a
in order to irrigate private
public 'use or not is as ilui
determined by the courtsplI
development of all the 1si
particular case, and.hat h t
irrigation law which
give the right of..emia
such purpose should
plicable until theepa
the case have beeno
passed upon by t'ti4
The assistant atto
the court of criminallu
vised that cattle shipped
into Texas, the death
is beyond the boundsar
which are unloaded Nld
state, are not subject to
county inspectors. :
Heavy Hailstorm in..W.
Ei Paso, Tex.-ThE
storm in the history of
fell in the vicinity of
and Sierra Blanca Wed
of the hailstones weighl
and broke windows,
killed chickens and Mi
animals, and stripped fru
Formal Recall of P
Washington. - Dr.
Dumba, Austrian am
United States, has beeili
called by his governm
state department is a
British and French em
safe conduct on a s
from New York Oct. 5.
M., K. & T. in Hands
St. Louis, Mo.-The
system, embracing the
sas & Texas, a Kansi
and the Missouri,'
Railway of Texas, Mon
the hands of a recetvter
Road Bond Issue
Cleveland. 'Pex.--In th
determine whether or
trict No. 3 of Liberty
issue bonds in the sum ol
building shell or grsV
votes were cast for and'
Arms and CartridBb
toms officials Sunday
million rounds of cart
large number of army
for use by the ('arransM
ders said to have e
nessee Thursday estab
antine against the State
no shipmenuL of cattle,
will be permitted to