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SEE PEACE TREATY
IN NEW LIGHT
SENATE RECEI\VE DETAILS
How the \1 rsailes confereence
reached many of the agreements em
bodied in the treaty of peace was
descriued by President Wilson to three
republican senators invited to the
White House at tie head of a long
list of republican .tembers whom he
purposes to take into his confidence.
Afterward one of his callers, Sena
tor Colt of Rhode Island, said Mr.
Wilson had been able to place the
Shantung settlement in a new light
and had claritied other disputed points
in the treaty. Snator Mc('umber of
North Dakotla and Snnator Nelson of
Minnesota. te t1 ert who saw the
proni- .l-t r,'h 't as to the utb
tions committee who has 0avored the
league, and it is understood tr. Win
action on the treaty and the hisgeneral
enate . ,Senator e ls on never ha
'' . H. U (u t"'t:a t hail net hien in
,,". '0, ,lie said he was net realdy to
madres an opiublion regarding Shan
tung, and intimated that the president
might make a public statement soon
on the subject.
Senator McChisumber is the only re
publican member of the foreign rela
tions committee who has favored the
League, and it is understood Mr. Wil
son talked over with him committee
action ontard the treaty and the general
thtuation on the republican side of the
senate. Senator Nelson never has
made a public declaration for or
against the treaty. To all of his call
ers the president Is said to have
reiterated his opposition to reserva
tions of any character in senate rati
fikepation of the treathe treaty, andy.
Senato pres dent will continue his
talk en noith defintors inclined to be
invitedy toward the treaty provision.
though ite pre said thaent latr he will
se Whitek Hous coferenfe ith virenceally ev sry
rte deban Shantunor, inluding the lheaues
who adve most bitterly opposed rat
Senolutors Kellogg of Minnesota and
Kenyon of Iowa, both of whom have
kept open minds on the treaty, and
Senators McNary of Oregon, a leaguetor
supporter, and Capper of Kansas, whot
has taken no definite stand, have been
Invited to call on the president.
While the president was beginning
his White House conferences the sen
ate debated Shantung and the leachine,
aneryd adopted without a record vote a
resolution by enator Borah, republic
an, of Idaho, asking for information
relative to the Shantung negotiations.
In his address announcing accept.
ac of the lParisgue principls , Senator
Colt declared the covenant would not
conflictving with his grandmother in Satitu
tion nory. He has completely orgovetten the
United States. "f t s untlnkable
foHerbert is the son of Color Sergegland, France ant
Italy when thel, whorld is with the then
leatgue as providing the only American Redin
ery for the restoration of peace andat
order G."neral George H. Harris o
Atrtion of wer sx years of risoners ation iBerlin,
manythe German government consented toe
reached Paris on his v ay to Fort
srrender of alls, where he wis food cards and his
othe presentation of papers establisheen
any.g the act that he was borgotn iten the
HIetenanrbert Is the son of Color Sergeant
American brigpeace n Franc.commission sta,
rougheant thSeidel asboyed the Am Berican to Parisd
months of ned him over tons the Red Crossg
the interall send thcommission for the Unitedre
States immediately. Thr prisoners at Berlinoy was
hearing a German armyent cap anented a
m ent. He hsaid tohe had enough toh
surret in der ofmany, but showed greatid
nthe presentation of paperican chocolateablh
which he fact thad not he wtasted bor severalth
Twmerican peace comm unred mita prison-a,
roughs in the bodiscy from Berlin to Parthe
and tuhave repeatedly resisthe Red Croattemptss,
ich will send the ladguards to force them to work.e
st after noon Colonel Sedg boy wc
rice, ing a Gerommand of the bar racks, re
uie made frommittee of 1man's dprisaonerded
hgarment. He said he hadmen be givenh to
aorter hours Germany, but showed greatat.
enthusiasmle over American chocolateic.
whelich by the war department undfor sever a
plan which will "insurs. opprtnt
Twenty-five urecmmendred military prisod~
r In the discipblinary barracks oat the
lces war inscommand of thei barracks, re-.
.eived a commcrtte of 12 prmittsoneren
'ho asked sthat the men be given
lidrter houtrs and more to eat. e
FROM STABLE FLIES
Source of Keen Annoyance to
Animals in Hot Weather.
Most Logical Method of Abating Nul
sance Is to Eliminate All Breeding
Places-Coal Tar Sprays
'Prepared by the United States Depart
ment of Agriculture.)
Stable flies are a source of keen an
noyance to work animals during the
heat of summer. Every owner who has
the welfare of the dumb beasts at
heart should strive to alleviate as far
as possible the discomforts to which
tlhe horses are exposeid.
The mios.t irgi'tl l iethod of tllt ating
the fly nulis:ne is to elilmiati e all
1h, t lirt it'es, s lt, as l ntlar' piles.
inrth l 1k ivil it the (itry staile Ire
urthe best of these i:s a solution tf 1001it
111' he prep aret at hom.e at a cost of
about 35 cents a gallon. This spray.
as well as kerosene emulsio.n antd o:th-1!,
or fly repellants containing coal-tar
products, fish oil, resin, and oil of tar,
are best applied with an inexpensive
spray pui i i. It is preferable to give
the horses a1 hastyr prayling enrly eaIch 1
mor ,itg l f i tre they go it11 wt:tik. Ilth-is
bring lest results dairye ustae of the
Fto tiieneit n doriving trhei work
istas away fro thy tce ofr the bAemld
the besi t of these is solutteio of 100t
prlut of fih nil, 500 arts of oil of tare
and I part of crude carbolic acid. It
temay be arepared at home at a cost of
shotrs, thte injuries shutld te treated
abmot 35 ents a gal o . This spray.ons
ofas welkl as kerosene emulsiorn and oeth-er.
Farmers rpelland Dealers Are Preventingar
products, fish oil, ren, and oil of taruses.
(Pre pared by the Unitedh an inexpensive art
pray men. It of Agriueferablture to give.)
sthorage housesty spruch as have been de
orican be kept withey p ractically no loss, is
ishown by the enormouslt s wa ste of result
ing fromly Improper storage. South
Interior of Satisfactory Potato Storage
lHouse With Earthen Side Walls.
Carolina in 1M1i, because of disease in
the field and in stor ige, lost (0 per
cent of its crop-that portion being
valued at $4,688.110.
This state produces about 12.5 per
cent of the sweet potatoes raised in
the United States, and the crop ranks
fourth in the state in value, being sur
passed only by cotton, corn, and tobac
co. Storage losses through the South
are being greatly reduced, as the farm
ers and dealers are continually build
ing both community and individual
storage houses of the improved type.
LOSS OF VALUABLE MANURE
OneHalment of AgriculturFood Value Lost
ment ofWhen Left n pen Yard ur
Ing Summer Months.
Man re left in the open yard through
sthe summer months may lose one-halt
its plant-food value due to fermenta
tion and leaching. Potted manure
which has been saved carefully wll
be richer In plant-food elements, ton
for ton, than fresh manure. It re
oulres one and one-half to three tons
of fresh manure to make a ton of rot
ted manure, which is reduced greatly
and the total quantity of plant-food
elements also is decreased by fer
mentation andt exposure. Except in
I special cases and for certain crops or
gardening conditions, there is no ad
va ntage in rotting the manure; bet
ter apply it fresh from the, stable be
fore any loss occurs.
SPRAY IS OFTEN NEGLECTED
Important That Every Fruit Grower
Shovld Mgke Study of Mate
nals and Machinery.,
Of all orchard work spraying is
most likely to be slighted or even neg
leted. It is Itmportant, therefore, that
every fruit grower make a study of
the whys and wherefores of spraying
and have an intimate knowledge of
spraying materials and machinery.
Repair Pasture Psae. -
Adfatage should be- tatken of the
a dnt l in fonrm ins tee isnmpe and
antger in rotting te anre bt
STRICT SANITARY MEASURES ARE URGED
FOR CHICKENS ATTACKED BY CHOLERA
All Fowls Exposed to Cholera Should Be Quarantined.
(Prepared by tile I'nted States Depart
IFowl choler'a---n a ry d -':'
alltier rte in thibis unt nf Y !' a
lhoe far 1, r tlt-Cl gi et'.- l alI bIn'
(l I;art' lent slp(t'd in (',tlm ,:ii!L . i!.
I P'Ug !'r':llll'll or 11holi lt ill li's o0 !ly
wvaste Ithe timla' of the poultryiani aol
allow the malady to spread. StrIct
sanitar'y measures must be applied at
once to control this infectious disease
of poultry which spreads rapidly
through the flock with high mortality.
Turkeys, ducks, geese, pigeons, cage
birds and chickens are all susceptible
to fowl cholera.
Cholera is transmitted from flock to
flock by means of sick' or recently re
covered fowl which have been placed
in the flock without being subjected to
a period of quarantine. The disease is
also spread by wild birds or by per
sons, animals, or utensils which have
been on infected premises. A yellow
ish coloration of the droppings is an
early indication of the disease. Soon
diarrhea develops, considerable fever
is shown, and the bird loses its lively
allp'aranee. separates itself from the
rest of the flock and api ears dull. de
jected, and sleepy. It nat lnnr
searches for food, but sits with head
drawn down to the body or lurn+l'+
backward and resting in tll feathers
about the wing. The 1lumgage soon
loses its brilliance, the wings droop,
the appetite is diminished and the
thirst increased; the comb and wattles
may be a dark bluish red from en
gorgemnent with poorly oxygenated
blood, or they may be pale and blood
less on account of the congestion of
the internal organs, especially the
8yniptoms of Stricken Birds.
The affected birds soon become very
weak, drowsy, and often sleep so
soundly during the last day or two of
their lives that It is difficult to arouse
them. If obliged to move they stagger
forward for a few steps in an uncer
tain manner and with dragging wings.
The crop is generally distended with
food and apparently paralyzed. The
weight and strength of the bird rapidly
diminishes, It breathes with difficulty,
('holiera ny dst' ro the g'reter m art i
of a flock in a week and then dts
occ lsionally killing a bird. The time
between lexposure to the contaglon
and apearlh nce of symptoms is from
two to fiv ti lays, while the duration
of the diease is from 24 hours to 1dis
days. Most characteristic changes seen
after death lire red sots on the stir
faceof thexposure heart, hich give it the
and appearance of having beesymptomsn sprinkledom
with blood, congestion of the intes
tines, enlargement of the liver, and
swelling of the sen.from 24 hours to 1
Stopping Infection's Spread.
Since treatment of the spots on the irds
isace.of the heart, which give itb tohe
of inearain. The avirng feen sowinkled
with blood, cingestlion of the intes
troines, benlargement of the lier, ant
swellingtion o f tth e splee esn. y in
fected bl iood. The (riaisite' Sut hi
SStopping Infection's Sprri. Thead.
Since treatment of the affected birds.;
ewls lhot futile, moved to new u a
prevent so f rossible, and casifulely watched
for signs of disease. ouses and runh;
nshould be thoroughly cleaned fri le
quently and disinfected with a 5 per
cent solution of carbolic acid, a 2 per
cent solutition of co tmpound cresol, orin
proper dilution. Thburie rinking waterhy
fowmayls be made antiseptic by adding oner
eram of permibl, and ganate of potash toed
fothe signpread of disse, iloase through thens
shoulwater and be thoralso is a convenient means
sufiiently satisfactory to warrant
recommendation of the use of cresol, oruch
HOW EGG PRODUCERS
CAN REDUCE LOSSES
Co-operation Will Help Save
$45,000,000 Worth of Food.
Organizations Urged to Prevent Care.
lessness Which Permits Mongrel
Stock, Dirty Nests and Other
. Undesirable Conditions.
(Prepared by the United States Depart
ment of Agriculture.)
If egg producers would work togeth
er to reduce egg losses much of the
$45,000,000 toll which results annually
from careless handling could be elimi
nated. Egg circles, the name given
to associations of egg producers, have
been urged by the United States de
partment of agriculture for a number
of years. The work which these or
ganizations can do now to save food
is of the utmost importance.
Egg circles watch the egg crop, not
only in its handling, but in its produc
tion. They strive to prevent the care
lessness which permits mongrel stock,
dirty nests, stolen nests of broody
hens, unconfined males, late-maturing
pullets, and other undesirable condi
tions to exist on egg farms. Every ef
fort is made to reduce the high per
centage of small, cracked, dirty, stale,
heated and rotten eggs. Many market
ing problems are also overcome.
One very successful organization of
egg producers has a large incubator
house of 12,000 egg capacity where
early chicks are produced for the mem
Sbers at a low cost. This is done in or
der to obtain early maturing pullets,
thus securing eggs during the fall
when eggs usually are scarce. The
company also has a receiving room for
eggs where they are candled, sorted
to weight-about 24 ounces to the
dozen-packed in cartons and shipped
on contract orders. Their eggs are all
guaranteed to be according to grade,
they advertise the funcy grades on
their cartons and cases, and market
prices are paid to the members. Twice
a year dividends are paid each mem
ber in proportion to the amount of
eggs marketed through the company
and the time of year eggs are brought
in, a larger dividend being paid per
dozen for eggs brought in during the
fall and winter than for those re
ceived during the spring and summer,
estimated by months. A regular trade
is established with discriminating con
sumers, with city clubs, with the best
class hotels and restaurants, and with
fancy grocers for a supply each day
The reputation that is established
enables the association to fix its prices
at several cents a dozen above the reg
ular market quotations, as fancy trade
is willing to pay a premium for a guar
anteed article. Most egg circles buy
chicken feed and other poultry sup
plies in quantities for their members.
While at first the number of eggs to
be marketed may not warrant a cen
tral station with a manager to inspect,
grade and market the whole product,
the aim should be to develop to that
Specialists of the department of ag
riculture will aid producers in organ
izing community egg circles and also
in problems of production and market
ing. In Farmers' Bulletin 656 sugges
tions and forms are offered as aids in
organizing and managing such co-op
Keep the chicks' quarters clean.
The flavor of the egg is influenced
Hens cannot carry parasols and
chicks suffer from too strong sun.
Young chicks should not be fed un
til they are about forty-eight hours
The rooster does not help egg pro
duction-he merely fertilizes the germ
of the egg.
1 * *
The shell of the egg being porous, it
I will quickly absorb odors and these
1 will affect the flavor.
The sex of eggs cannot be foretold,
t not one of the old-time theories in this
e particular having been proved.
f Excessive heat will take the life and
5 vigor out of a little chick, and will
t stunt the growing young stock to such
r an extent that they will never mature
e to full size and weight.
The first eggs of winter are gen.
erally larger ones than those laid at
a the close of the summer season.
Straw and.similar material gathers
moisture, and when the litter becomes
damp enough to be limp it is prac
e tically useless for fowls to scratch In
1- for their grain feed.
r. * * *
Ohickens never wash, as many oth
er birds do, but cleanse themselves
d of Insects by wallowing In soil. For
t this reason every poultry house should
b 1Es tided with a dust bao.
Profit in Surplus Cockerels.
The sale for surplus cockerels brings
the best profit to breeders of pure-bred
Lousy Hens Unthrifty.
Lousy hens are not likely to prove
good sitters. Lousy chicks lose vital
ity and die. A lousy flock is unthrifty.
Don't light Chicks.
Do not slight the young chicks and
then expect to make uip or the nellect
4selsr thie atteatmg per,
PLAN GIVEN T G
Strong Clothesline and Clean,
Sharp Meat Saw Are Among
MEANS TO CONTROL ANIMAL
Necessary That Rope Be Hol,d by As t
sistant So That It May Be' Slack.
ened in Case of Emergency-
Where Horns Should Be Cut.
(Prepared by the U'nited States Depart
ment of Agriculture.) fl
The (deh(oruing of cattle tn he very A
-atisiacetrily [erfurled wvithouit other 'Ti
tIppal';tll< 1" i rl u nTl'lll tlt'Its !h:lll it han l
h*lIIr ch tlth Alin ' : .uI a: I r'l li a hl ii:t
kllot that wilt' , t 'ot l r t 11 therwise it :11
1]('I1\ '! ' t " , ri! ii' i:n;(' . l In l;li',]":.. tl
will choke the animal. The free enid
of the rolie is now carried Ietween the h
horns, through the stanchion to the
front, up and over the horizontal
Head of Steer Showing Result of a
stanchion rail, then down underneath
the neck and up and over the top of
the stanchion rail to an assistant, who
should hold it firmly. Now open the
stanchion, allowing the animal to
withdraw its head; then, keeping the F
rope tight, pass it once around the
muzzle, up and over the stanchion
rail, and through to the front again t
to the hands of the assistant, who I
should stand 3 or 4 feet in front of
the animal and hold the rope firmly,
but prepared to release it when told a
to do so by the operator. The animal
is .now ready for the dehorning opera"
Rope Held by Assistant. I
It is necessary that the rope be held
by an assistant, as In the event of the
animal struggling during the opera- I
tion so as to throw itself off its feet,
or if there appears to be danger of its
choking, the rope may be slackened
promptly at the word of the operator
and the animal partly released. This,
however, is rarely necessary, for as
sIoon as the head is secured the oper
ator should be ready, standing at the
right shoulder of the animal with his
saw, and proceed to saw off first the
right and then the left horn. It is a
good plan before commencing the real
work to experiment upon an animal
in the matter of control by tying the
head to the stanchion rail as described.
If the stanchion rail is too wide to
Spermit of properly securing the lower
part as well as the upper part of the
animal's head, the turn of the rope
around the muzzle may be omitted and
the last lap of the rope'carried around
the stanchion rail to the front and to
the hands of the assistant. Care
should be taken that the rope pass
Seach time over the neck of the animal
S Improper Dehorning.
to the stanchion rail between the
horns in such a way that it will not
a- interfere with the work of the saw.
s Where to Cut the Horns.
The horns should be severed from
a quarter to a half inch below where
. the skin joins the base of the horn,
n cutting from the back toward the
If the cut is made too high an irreg
It ular, gnarly growth of horn is very
e apt to follow. It will be seen that the
point of union of the skin and horn
varies In different cattle; hence there
d, can be no rule of measurement, ,x
is cept as the eye becomes trained to see
the point or line at which the cot
should he made. In the beef breeds
d fully one-half inch of skin, all around,
Sis usually taken off with the horn.
'e SUNFLOWER GOOD AS SILAGE
For Dairy Cows, Sheep and Beef Cat.
S tie It Has Proved to Be a Most
it Excellent Feed.
Silage made from Russian sunflow.
rs ere has attracted considerable atten
s tlon in western states. All who have
- fed it are very enthusiastic.over re
I) sults obtained. For dairy cows, sheep
and beef cattle it has proved to be an
excellent feed, says G. 8. Ray of the
b- Colorado Agricultural college.
is The yields obtained from snfloewer,
3r he says, are much greater than fror
id eoand they are well adapted to o.
.tlks too ool for corm.
Grateful Woman Tips Off Bank Robbers
mn t anl r V r , i t t} lot
-'"' nih thar
-.. lark strqt
t-r. of duty
, ,v, hours' et "
...I .,, .:-." she said;
1,,, frl-, :, ("'rtrain death
. rls,.nd myself to rý
- •v tin and I never fogt.
ftitve mn tried to 4bia
State bank at Tolleston, Ind. They didn't get anythinL 14
Herman \V. Uecker, the cashier. I'm gotng to tell you wh0o
She did. And Coleman and Vernac,'ht, with Patrolti
and Lie Michael Hughes of the detectirv b,:r'au, arrested L
South Morgan street. and James IHarry (ltI,' Parker of 6515
avenue. They made admissions which I. h , the arrest 4
Albert ,atchlr. 75.5 West Sev,:nty-r;mitl s':,.t; and Daniel
Trkulja of t(:try. Ind.
A ll ht v .m t'n --, ,l ,:trtici i,: , i n t , 1 1 m ptil bank
Niholm :sl Truj . t , hii ad, n , 1, " :i' not inIOlv
:th t irl t, it ".: '' u ho thei,,
r otiiri ;ý 1 - ai l " :, ,ut obtatry
1 , ! .. l'; ", : '1,', : ,' .. 'i:! gu ilty us ::
A;1 ; ' . ',' '" ' '"" c "
T !. ,
'11 i i ll r 1' 1 1 1t I h ' , - i!. :;i .
l:u\\.; ' lr*1 o rlrrlWl lltl v ' inull, !' I' · '
for every mJan to aid soelthl- ,
progrr,- . '1t r a T("e ran wc rlk t1 a l
varnc the 14 nnl11 11l good tihr fewer a\\ i
he the sinnters a:,tin st saci ety :a1I h
greater will he the peace along 1m41.
FOR SUMMER COLDS
Nothing gives quicker relief than
It is harmless, and also reolieve
Nervous headache quickly, and any
superficial inflanimation in a short'
Try it for Mumps, hay Fever, or lany
If you cannot buy it locally, seil l
for a Froee Sampll,, and Aa'u1nt', t,,
or s5t11 '4) e a p faps 2 "2.' il t .
Avoid iUnitt ions.
lE. \V. V\A('IIil" ine., Nt , O ,it>
Getting on His Nerves.
) "1) 1 you aspire t,, r r if;! i <'
ask, d the genial loeafr.
''"N "'' sa id th e tIm rrt--,, l1to rn ' wjd"
hadl just shoiuted. "hellol " I Ii,
want to be rich ,enough ti hire s'o n:',
body to answer the teleplhone andl .:
There isn't any Headache remedy
that does the work like CAPUDINE.
It gives quick relief from Headaches
of all kinds. Trial llse 10 cta. Larger
sizes also-IT'S LIQUID.-adv.
It is the doing of things that the
world says can't be done that Is the
real glory of life.
A torpid liver prevents proper food assim
flatlon. Tone up your liver with Wright'u
Indian Vegetable Pills. They act gently. Adv:
It is a mistake to try to sell a man
something you know he does not want.
n', ' .jl j. kl.~Inali :told int
i, h ai,,, ln,,k of the stove
,r -,,. :tprl presently
,n,. i i; ith the partly melt
"M:-ter, it's the q
I .\,' I t'>\. The tmoreI dr1
t.,r it ;v~I'."-Boston T
WHY HOME OWNINC
Ten Powerful Argumueil
by Those Convinced ii
of the Pls.
lime owning will rat
to pople who become
ni to the city as a
n;t;"'n ,thier, reason:
1. In the long rtn the
ji nore prrosperous thi
,in!t the prosperity otfa y
uip, n the prosperity of b
2. The home owner is
the shifter does littlepl
3. The home owner 1
the renter is not lntersi
4. Habits of thrift
buying add to the wel
vidual and the city.
5. The home owe t
city; the renter doa
beautiful our city I b
will be attracted toit
6. Other things bell
home owner is a beb
the renter, and keet,
ter the renter Is
7. The owner of a
and will not bectmie
8. No city of reutm:
ceed. No nation a
Make Baby Coo and
Keep the little stomach regulated and bowes cp1
of health in Infancy, by using
The Infants' and Children's Reg ust
that produces such remarkable and gratifying anuMi
constipation, flatulency, wind colic, diarrhoea, and tchs
Contains no alcohol - opiates- narcotics-or oha
gredients. It is a highly potent vegetable preparatio
very best Ingredients obtainable. Give it to baby al
smiles that follow.
At .1 Drugist.
ANGLO . AMERICAN DRUG C~I
215.217 Fulto St., N. Y.
Gneral Selling Agusb:
Hurold F. Ritchie & Co., .
New York T.rmsto, Caaed
lrHIS isn't one of those fake free treatment
1 offers you have seen so many times. We
don't offer to give you something for nothing
but we do guarantee that you can try this won
derful treatment, entirely at our risk, and this
guarantee is backed by your local druggist.
This makes the offer one which you can ab*
solutely depend upon, because the druggist with
whom you have been trading would not stand
behind the guarantee if he did not know it to be
an honest and legitimate one.
I Hunt's Salve, formerly called Hunt's Cure,
has been sold under absplute money back guar
antee for more than thir* years. It is especially
compounded for the treatment of Eczema, Itch,
t Ring Worm, Tetter, and other itching skin dis
Thousands of letters testify to its curative prlOPl,
reputable dry goods dealer in Durant, Oklahoma, says
Eczema for ten years, and spent $1,000.00 for doctor"
result. One box of Hunt's Cure entirely cured me."
Don't fail to give Hunt's Salve a trial-price 765 -
druggist, or direct by mail if he does not handle it.
A. B. RICHARDS MEDICINE CO., a
S .f iOAIAR gI llSad FE N TER. o .. '.