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TRYING TO PRESERVE THE LAST OF THE BISON
4 ,: : .: ..-;:': ..:.:.: l :- : . .. '
0erican bison, which was for years the prey of rurthless hinters, lha now practically become extinct and a
s being made by American rangers to preserve the few remaining specimens. This photograph shows the
wlch is roaming our western plains.
.~i, a··:·· ~ ~:~l....... ... . . .......... . .... ... .... ..... ..
KGOOD ARE MAKING
r GOOD IN FRANCE
It Americanized" Coun
,but Meet Success
. EBECOME WEALTHY
Thousand Discharged Amer-1
Idblers Remained in France
y Their Fortunes-News.
letr Men Land on Feet
veral thousand discharged
soldiers who remained in
°'t try their fortunes are far
fare all pioneers. A few
e reasonably wealthy;
"reporting progress;" the
however, are flying rather
they were when they set
4000 American expeditionary
were released here, and it is
a fourth of these have set
to work here. The others
sightseeing or have gone
a discouraging look at busi
hundred found employment
coneerns, chiefly American
ring to do business in the
regions. Another group
small places to pay their
sýudytng. The majority, it
started to make good by
American methods. But
them agree that easy money
"ae of the natural resources of
"t a few have proved that it
wlo made 125,000 francs
iude, $25,000) buying and
- uy and navy supplies at
b cue is vouched for by a
American commercial ex.
(Prs Club Driver Wins.
striking success reported
"the fox-trot kings of Paris,"
themselves, Gerald Kiley,
the Chicago Press club am
a Harold Fitch of St. Paul,
atthe wheel of one of Mrs.
Y[aderbilt's ambulances and
t to the front. Kiley andl
itmer said, got their start
when the wife of an Amer
"pressed 500 francs
on us" when they played
Jazz band at a dance
1 hey organized a Wilson
:all at a leading hotel when'
arrived in Paris and net
tian 10,000 francs on the af
success, they said, they
teat. "the Dixie club"
tlat good things must not
the men took over the
~:asng equipment of the
Y. M. C. A., which has a capacity of
a thousand gallons an hour, and late
in October began wholesaling "Dixie"
Some of the most interesting of the
American business experiences here
are those of men who married French
girls. Three of these are farming
east of Paris, "mhking mqre money
than they ever thought possible in the
United States," their business ad
yiser said. One man married into a
dairy shop. Another returned to his
trade of tailoring in the same way.
Scores of American boys are in busi
ness with their French fathers-in-law.
Rebuilt typewriters, familiar to
Americans, have been introduced to
the French by Lieut. J. L. McCann of
Tuscaloosa, Ala., and George E. How
ard of Pasadena, Cal. Their difficulty is
too much business. Isadore Court, who
was a paperhanger, boldly set himself
up in the decorating business in a
fashlonable suburb. Lieut. S. L. Tyler
of Memphis, Tenn., became a merchan
dise broker. Harry L. Drucker, pho
tographer, returned to his trade.
One man who wanted to bring in
carloads of automobiles and bicycle
Sires turned defeat into success by
opening a tire sale and repair shop.
Another one with the same idea is
awaiting arrival of a real steam vul
canizing plant to give Paris a taste of
'fast work. He said virtually all tube
repairs here now are made with ce
ment patches Instead of vulcanizing.
and take a week instead of an hour.
Newspaper men seem td have landed
on their feet most quickly. Nearly all
of those who stayed are developing
some "idea" outside of office hours.
Ideas for wealth may result in the
establishment of a chain of hotels and
restaurants along the battle-front
towns. One young man who missed
the American "shine" is negotiating a
lease for a shoe-shining parlor.
LE WORLD IIJARD HIT
Of Living Is Felt
I BrMenoed increase
as High as
; Per Cent.
4That the whole world
ºtth the Increased cost
ted in reports to the
Lt.The Increases in
the governments are
s situation and are try
of combating the
ted by the high
M deemed essen
`the government, In an
the cost of living,
the minister of
.. its goIld reserves in
Ucst of living above
pre-war level is figured at 115 per cent
for September and 120 per cent for
October, as to actual necessities of
life and based upon average living
conditions of wage-earners. A more
distinct rise has. occurred in the cost
of commodities so far as the other
elements of population in England are
concerned, being unofficially estimated
by some at approximately 135 per
cent with .a steady upward trend.
In Sweden figures furnished by the
Swedish government indicate that the
cost of living has increased 157 per
cent over the cost in June, 1914. In
the cities the increase has been very
much greater than the average for the
Th Argentine government has sug
gested to other South American coun
tries and discussed with them an in
ternational arrangement with a view
to doing away with import duties on
unmanufactured food products as one
means of cutting down the high cost of
DOG GOT AWAY
'in Disastrous Mix.
S.`On Left Alive
Ofta--A dog chased
,bed a pole, two
a Are alarm start
I, Wr made penniless.
ltedog saw the cat.
.e chased her up
' Poising high on
her tail In an
another wire. A
te between the
te through and
, !t h tell to the
with a team
many yards of garden hose searching
for the fire.
Berry recently came from California
and had bought the team with his last
dollar, hoping to do road work.
SWEDEN PLANS WOMAN LAWS
Provision for Their Employment by
the Government One of Pro.
Washington.-The Swedish govern
ment has announced a number of im
portant legislative measures to be tak
en up by th'e 1920 riksdag, the state
department has been advised.
Improvement of the status of mar
ried women, provision for the govern.
ment employment of women, develop
ment of the principle of the arbitra.
tion board, penal law reforms, electri
fication of railroads and open voting
in the riskdag are mentioned in an om
elal communique issued by the gov
'oee has mosa than thbkt da8l
Bolshevism Hits Snag
"Reds" Unable to Gain Converts
\ in Denmark.
"Tendency is to Regard Them as Mere
London.-Bolshevism has not ob
tained so strong a hold in Denmark as
:t has in Norway, writes a Copenhagen
2orrespondent of the widely-read Brit
ish weekly, Common Sense. In Den
mark the syndicalists strive to play
much the same role as do the left
socialists in Norway, who are reported
to he supporters of the Russian brand
"The syndicalists, however, make no
show in the Danish parliament," says
the correspondent. "Since the riots in
Copenhagen last November, when the
Grontory district in the center of the
city was wrecked and many scores of
civilians and policemen were injured,
there has been a tendency to regard
them as a mere anarchist rabble. But,
as everywhere in Scandinavia, their
power over the wage earners is greater
than their voting. strength, and they
have succeeded, usually against the
Association of Trades Unions, which
has a large majority behind it, in bring
ing about prolonged strikes.
"The Danish syndicalists, by violent.'
attacks on the majority socialist party
aid denunciation of its leaders, Staun
ing and Borgbjerg, have gained a cer
tain pull among the wage earners.
"The syndicalists' connection with
'the Russian holsheviki has been re
peatedly indicated. This gave the
cabinet a good excuse for repression
s,. that arrests, press prosecutions and
expulsions take place on a scale incon
ceivable in Sweden or Norway, where
the left-socialists have the rank of rec
"Further, the Danish employers are
not helpless. They threaten a great
lockout, declaring if the wages de
manded go beyond . certain point,
they will cease manufacturing and will
import and sell cheaper foreign goods."
Goes Armed to Church.
Kansas City.-Frank Darms, of
Kansas City, Kan., a negro, started
to church Sunday morning armed with
ai revolver and a razor just to "meet
a friend," he said. It cost him $50
in the Kansas side court. "He done
me wrong," Darms told Judge A. L.
Harrod. "Ah couldn't fin' him all dat
Sattidy, but Ah knew he'd go to church
last night. Ah tuck the gun and razor
alon' fer protection." "Fifty dollars
will do, Darms," said the judge.
Brothers, G. A. R. Vets,
Meet After 50 Years
Dayton, O.-Stepping off a
train to make :a change of
routes. J. A. White, seventy,
Xenia, 0., and George White.
seventy-six, Seattle, Wash., re
turning from the G. A. 11. en
campment at Columbia, were
introduced by a fellow veteran.
They recognized each other
as brothers who more than half
a century ago left Towanda, Pa.,
one going into the Black Hills
of the Dakota Territory and the
other coming to Ohio.
4 #------ ----------i
MAN'S BOTTLES HIS UNDOING
John Pa uso Had So Many It Seemed
to Be Sign He Expected a Long,
New Kensington, Pa.-Whisky every
where and every drop to drink,'was the
motto of John Paluso of this city until
the state troopers swooped down on
his cache and despoiled him of his
hoard. The troopers were looking for
red propaganda. They found "red"
Every stove in Paluso's house, and
there were three of them, was filled
with bottles of bonded whisky. The
stove pipe had its quota, the chimney
its share, more bottles reposed in Pa
luso's bed, at reast thirty were im
mersed in the rain barrel, the half
filled barrel of pork in the cellar had
not been neglected and the old-fash
ioned clock had no room for the long
,pendulum to swing, for a. bottle was
The reason more men don't succeed
is because there are too many of us
who want to win without effort.
LAW CASE RUNS 63 YEARS
Illinois Court Dismisses Suit That Was
Begun in Courts
One of the oldest law suits known in
Lake county was settled recently
when, on motion of Attorney Eugene
M. Runyard, the chancery bill of Cath
erine Hunson against Rhoda A. Rog
ers, filed in 1856, was dismissed by
Judge C. C. Edwards. Since the bill
was filed the plaintiff has died.
Saw Well at Once.
Milwaukee.-Nathan Israel claimed
a sure cure for blindness in his "ra
dium stone glasses, price $30." One
patient saw "so well" through 'em at
once. They were mere window glass.
Ij Angeles.-BUrglar who broke
lnto the Southwest Dairy company's
glant early today only got $800 in
cab, overlooklag quantitles of yai.
OF MOTOR CARS
Unsatisfactory Service Sure to
Follow Improper Lubrica- Dr
tion and Neglect.
CAREFUL USE IS IMPORTANT
Owners Should Learn Details of Ma- .
chine and Make Adjustments-Never la
Allow Ide Engine to Race-Use Cold
Water to Wash. m
One will very soon become accus- :
tomed to all of the noises the car j)r
makes, and any strange sound, be it ki
ever so slight, will be immediately per- of
Much of the satisfaction that an au- si
tomobile gives depends upon the driv- ai
er. If he neglects his automobile. if c
he does not luhricate it. or if he link- is
ers with it too much, ihi is bound to re
ceive unsatisfacrory service. No ma- al
chine can be absolutely autunalt i . All
things must wear in time. The best
preventive of wear, and the most cer
tain thing to increase the life of a mo- tl
tor car, is lubrication. An automobile ;
is like any piece of machiner', and it
will not keep in good running condi- v
tion without a reasonable amount of
care. The life of a car can be cut in f,
two by neglect, or doubled by careful s
Lubrication of Car Important. t
One should become thoroughly fa- s
miliar with all the lubricating points a
of the car. The lubrication of the car a
should be given regular attention. If
this is done, there will he no complaint ,
due to the car becoming noisy or from 1
bearings wearing out. Satisfaction
would be greatly increased if every
owner would learn the details of the
I machine, that is, learn to make the
simple examinations and adjustments.
One should not depend on some one
else to do that which is so simply done
and which one can get much satisfac
1 tion in doing. One should familiarize
t himself with every detail of his car,
1 know the mechanism, and he will have 1
great confidence in venturing farther
in the way of tours. Never allow an
engine to race when it is idle. When
there is no load on the engine it will
vibrate unduly at high speeds, which
causes excessive strains and makes the
engine and the car noisy. Racing the
engine, when driving, can be avoided
by learnihg to use the foot accelerator
t ' in the proper manner in relation to the
y clutch and gear shifts.
- Washing the Car.
The car should be washed before the
mud has a chance to dry. If a hose is
h used, the stream should be tempered,
- or, better still, the nozzle should be
e taken off and a slow stream used. Al
*n ways use cold water, as warm water
,d will injure the varnish. After washing
off the mud, take a sponge, well filled
.e with water, and dash it gently against
c. the surface. , Never rub the surface
when washing, as it'is eure to scratch
Sthe polished surface.
et After the removal of the mud, any
,. grease on the finish should be removed
It, by ,washing with suds of a pure white
ill soap. This should be done with a soft
.. sponge and as little rubbing as poe
sible. After washing with the so:p,
and rinshlg with cold water, the finish
should be rubbed dry and polished with
of a chamois. The car should not be left
d standing in the bright sunlight, as it
h will dry too rapidly and be streaked.
Care of the Top.
Care should be taken to see that no
L. dust, dirt, mud or grease is allowed
at to remain either on the inside or out
~h side of the car top. The outside can
or usually be cleaned off with a dry, stif
rs brush, or, in bad cases, with soap and
water, applied with a sponge. Gaso
line, kerosene or naphtha will cause the
- rubber in the fabric of the top to disin
Stegrate and finally leak. After the top
has been washed it should be rinsed off
with clean water and permitted to dry.
The inside of the top may also be
cleaned with a sponge. A top should
never be put down or covered while
,y, wet. It should be thoroughly dry.
FRENCH ABBE RIDES IN OLDEST AUTO
The oldest automobile in b'rance. The photo shows its' present owner, a
French abbe, driving along a country read near Pars. The automobile is the
first ever built in France.
Do not use gasoline for cleaning n*
chancl at pars e 'F"
A dsposit at dust on the reflector or
Ie q M go down the light t
-ode b a !d r t--s
NEGLECT OF OWNERS
WILL INJURE AUTOS
Proper Lubrication Is of Utmost
Drivers Gradually Form Habit of Do
ing Everything on High Speed in
Car Every Week.
There are many ways in which a
ctar may be unintentionally mtii'treat
edl, just as there are many ways in
which one's own health may be vio
lated to the injury if one's system.
The first point is quite familiar to
most motorists, and that is the ques
tion of proper lubrication. Still every
deanler knowvs that cars continue to he
bIrought in with hearings burned out,
king bolts, badly worn and other parts
of the car in more or less damaged con
dition fromt under-lubrication. Oil
should not be used too long, because
after a time it loses much of its hhri
catiun: qualities. This is an especially
imlllortalnt item to watch now, because
good lubricating oil is not always avail
able at all filling stations.
Another point is the shifting of
gears and the use of gears in hard a
pulling. It should be borne in mind l
that all motors have excess power he- c
cause of the extent to which the valve
in-head principle of design has been de- e
veloped, and because of this surplus 3
power drivers, as a class, gradually
form the h;abit of not shifting to lower i
speeds, but do everything on high.
After a time they gradually grow
to hate the idea of dropping to lower t
speeds, as if it were a reflection on the 1
car or on the driver's ability. This Is I
a condition that should not exist.
r These same ideas apply to practi
cally all of the little things that may
happen to motor cars in general serv
ice. A weekly inspection will do a
great deal toward getting the utmost
e serviceability out of a car. The own
er who does not have time or inclina- 1
tion to attend to these things himself
e will do well to see that they are done
e by some one who is thoroughly com
petent. They do not take much time,
e and the man who is mechanically in
clined will derive much pleasure in
be ecoming more familiar with the varn
'r ous working units of his car.
n A good motor car responds wonder
n fully to good treatment, not only from
11 the standpoint of satisfaction, but
h also from that of giving the owner the
ie full amount of transportation that has
Le been built into his car.
ELECTRIC CIRCUIT CONTROL
Mechanism Provides Cut-Off for Auto.
mobile Engine Which Is Oper.
is ated Automatically.
, An automatic ignition control mech
.1- anism, the invention of W. M. Edmoat
r of Duluth, Minn., is illustrated and de
scribed in the Scientific American as
t The invention relates to electric cir
e cult controlling mechanism for use in
h connection with' the ignition circuit of
Diagrammatic View Showing Automat:
in io Cutout Mechanism.
( ,an automobile engine. An object is to
o- provide an ignition cut-off for an auto
he mobile engine which is operatively
a- combined with the throttle valve op
Dp erating mechanism in such a manner
1f that upon closing the throttle, the ig
7. nition circuit is automatically broken,
be rendering the engine "dead" and caus
id inlg it to run against the compression
le in the cylinders thus providing an ef
FA car owner who desires accuracy in
his distance mileage should have the
speedometer checked up at least once
It is important that care should be
taken, when washing the car, to pe
vent water fron getting withti the
An emeAllet way to pvent bard
s at lauer t la t a
t r the winter Is t ph""e is am
seae -:r : se ` l swY'Z~Tinwear;
HIGH COST OF POULTRY MAY BE GREATLY
REDUCED BY JUDICIOUS USE OF GARBAGE
"... .-- . ,::,. x: . , m. . ,: » •
ý:., ý .<.' .:,.Y.,:-. a.:. , . il
Chickens Relish Garbage, Which Is a Good Egg and Meat Producer.
(Prepared by the United States Depart- the
ment of Agriculture.) vial
Fresh garbage, fed as soon as pOS- to
Fsible after it is discarded from the ta- or
bles of consumers, provides an elli- a:cc
cient feed for poultry. Used jldi-| in
ciously, it will reduce the cost of ing
egg and nieat production from 25 to c(ni
30 per cent.
Cleanliness and sanitation in the
preparation, handling and feeding of Iar
garbage are essential, as sour or taint- cell
ed gar age is particularly obnoxious el,
to chickens, because any fermentation flr
induces digestive disorders and pro- hat
fuse diarrhea. Apparently the intrin- fee
sic value of garbage as a poultry feed in
comes from the fact that it provides mi(
a diversified ration which satisfies all tal
the needs and requirements of the or
flock. It is a big scale replica of the ed
small feeding operations of the back- ma
yard'poultry raiser who maintains his; the
birds chiefly on table scraps and left- 5fo
overs from the family board. Al- s~u
though the character of garbage varies ch
during the year, due to the fact that we
more succulent vegetables and fruits gu i
are usl during the summer, the refuse cl
is always a valuable substitute for cost- in
ly grains and concentrates in the hen an
dietary. I a
Subject Garbage to Careful Selection. nu
Some poultrymen have experienced ta
unsatisfactory results in the use of ti%
garbage because they did not prac- wI
tice careful selection. It cannot he sc
expected that the hens will thrive on h(
feed which is contaminated with brok- re
Ien glass, scraps of tin, phonograph s
needles, and the like, and it is only pe
the owner who will pick over the garb- sp
age and eliminate the objectiofiable
foreign matter that will realize profit
able and dependable results from itsF
use. The best plan is to try to get
the housewife to keep such undesira
ble material from going into the garb
age. Specialists of the United States
department of agriculture recommend S
Srunning ,the garbage through a meat
or vegetable chopper and mixing it
with a little of the moist mash before
it is plied before the fowls. The
amount which is fed will entirely de- B
pend on the size of the flock, it being
usually advisable to provide as much
refuse as the birds will clean up with
a relish in the course of an hour. Any
feed which the fowls reject should be (
removed from the troughs, feeding
pens or yards as soon as possible
thereafter. Otherw'ise it sours and c
contaminates the premises and, subse- h
quently, if the fowls peck at it during p
a period when they are hungry, it in- t
variably causes digestive trouble. d
Where garbage is fed, it is always c,
essential to supply a light ration of t
grain twice daily, as well as to have t
a dry mash available in hoppers before i
the flock all the time. Generally, ta- t
ble scraps are rich in protein, al- c
though where the garbage is deficient u
-in this ingredient, it is practical to u
9 supplement the mash with about 5 per q
- cent of meat meal. V
r Cold Weather Facilitates Garbage
Generally speaking, there is less dan
i ger from feeding garbage in the win- a
n ter than during the summer, as the a
cold weather prevents rapid decom- p
position and fermentation of the retf
use. Often the suburban flock owner t
may secuire the garbage of neighboring
families who do not keep chlckens.
This source of feed may be be plenti
ful that he can expand his poultry op I
erations and afford to pay a small
I amount for the table refuse. Where
many uncooked potatoes are preaent
in the garbage, it is usually a good
plan to separate them and to cook
them before feeding to the fowls. Oth
erwise these are not well utilized and
often induce digestive trouble.
Experiments in feeding garbage at
the government experimental farm at
Beltsville, Md., indicate that 30 hens
will use about three quarts of garbage
daily to advantage. In addition, keep
a dry mash consisting of three parts
by weight of cornmeal, one part of
bran, one part of middlings, 5 per cent
of meat scraps before the hens all of
the time. The experiments proved
conclusively that where fresh garb
age is properly fed a bountiful egg
yield results, while economical and
rapid meat prodaction is also engen
dered by the judicious use of garbage
in the ration. Ordinarily it is advis
able where garbage is plentiful to mix
enough supplementary mash with the
garbage to give the mixture a good
consistency. In case the table scraps
contain much fruit and vegetable peel
ings, it is essential to add more mash,
a while if the garbage is made up chief
be ly of potato peelings, bread, meat and
Great Poultry Industry.
If That great things are made up of
le a large number of little things is in
a dicated by the fact that the poultry
industry is one of the world's greatest.
be Drinking Vessels for Chicks.
re Little chicks should not be given
ll large drinking vessels, as they may
fall nl and drown.
. Clean Nests Are Best
' Clean nests mean dlean eggs; an egg
hst is washed is not likely to keep
the like, less mash is necessary. Spe
cial precautions should be exercised
to free thllegarbage from soapy water
or excess liquid, this heing co(lllonly
acnoIuplished by (dipling of and feedI
ing the top of the garhage and allow
ing the excess liquid to remain in the
Feeds Garbage Freely.
One Southern pioulrnyman who
handles about 1,000 fowls reports ex
cellent results from the use of well
selected garbage, which he obtains
from a large charitable institution. He
hauls the garbage twice a day, and
feeds it to the birds about ten o'clock
in the morning and again during the
middle of the afternoon, so that the
table scraps are fed fresh, only two
or three hours after they are discard
ed from the kitchen. This poultry
man feeds the garbage on the grass of
the range in such quantity that the
fowls clean up all the refuse. The
successful results obtained by this
chicken fancier are due largely to the
well-selected and thoroughly fresh
garbage which is fed. He reports ex
cellent results not only from the feed
ing of garbage to fattening cockerels
and old hens, but also to its use for
laying hens and pullets. Even a small
number of turkeys which are main
tained on this farm are always atten
tively on the watch for the garbage
wagon. The gobblers relish table
scraps keenly and desert tender grass
hoppers and nutritious chestnuts as
readily as the chickens scamper from
succulent alfalfa and well-filled hop
pers of mash when the garbage is
spread out on the ground.
System of Clearing Houses Devel
oped in State of Iowa
Breeders Given Opportunity of Secur
ing Purebred Sires-County Agri.
cultural Agent Renders Vat.
(Prepared by the United States Depart,
ment of Agriculture.)
A system of county farmers' ex.
I changes in live stock, feed and seed
has been developed in Iowa during the
past year, forces of the state agricul
- tural college and of the United States
department of agriculture working In
s co-operatiori. One of the prinlclpal ac
f tivities of the exchange is in the dis
e tribution of purebred live stock. The
e breeders send a list of the animals
ý- they have for sale to the office of thh
[- county agricultural agent. He makes
,t up lists of these animals and distrib
0 utes them throughout the county, fre
r quently advertising in the local pa
pers. If any animals are not disposed
e of in the county, a list of them is sent
to the extension department of the
I. state agricultural college, where lists
i- are made up for the entire state and
e sent to every county and to adjoining
1- states. In this way many farmers who
t. gthewise would not have the oppor.
r tunity of locating purebred sires are
Ig able to get exactly what they want.
s. Through the exchanges many carloads
i. of purebred stock have been sold to
p. buyers from other states., ;
id It is estimated that five chickens
will yield a pound of feathers.
at * *
at The Runner duck is not inclined to
rs fatten so readily as other varieties.
ge * i
'p Given the same care and feed, pure
ts bred fowls make a greater profit than
nt $ *
of The goose is the great "Christmas
ed bird" and brings best prices aiFound
b- holiday time.
ad In preparing for winter egg produc
n- tion a supply of succulent green feed
ge should not be overlooked.
lx Poultry houses need ventilation,
he plenty of it, but arrangements should
od be made to prevent draughts.
el- With turkeys it does not pay to keep
th, too old or too young breeding stock.
ef- Never keep more than 12 hens with
nd one mate.
Those who have good cockerels
needed for breeding birds in their own
of locks will see to it that they are
try properly cared for.
ist. * * *
Poultry raisers should be alert to
all methods that improve the flock.
en Better birds in the next hatch should
ay be the constant aim.
Muslin curtains are the best for the
poultry house windows. Cheelecloth
ggis too light and heavy canvas soon
clols withdirt and keeps out the ailr.