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IPU R SURL
HE question of ex
cavating Heron- Iteved to have been a
Slaneum has al- aggregation of merchant
ways been a sub- very largely, and as suct
jeat of Intense in- they were not particularul
terest for savants. representative of the lit
Herculaneum was and thought of the most
a small provincial highly cultivated people
town which was of the times. One of the
not famed even for its com- reasons for this beliet in
meres; but owing to its poest the different character o
ties in the middle of the Bay the two cities is the die
at Naples, with Vesuvius and covery of such a large
Mouant Somma in the back- number of manuscripts a
gpo d, the site was a favor- Herculaneum, whereas at
he one with wealthy Romans Pompeii no manuscriptU
sr their villas. It was de- have been discovered
arbyed so rapidly by the Some students of the ex
euption of Vesuvius in A. D. cavations attribute thie
1t that the excavations there fact to the greater dt
are sure to bring to light an- struction that took place
ant life jast as it was lived. at Pompei or to the fact
Pompeii was buried slowly that o many of the vain
beneath volcanole ashes and ables were removed, bu
this point of view is die
`: XozrJ a Al npated by many persons,
who are of the belief that
spends from two to three no manuscripts existed in this city of merchants
millions yearly in digging. Herculaneum in the time of its prosperity a
The excavations at Pom- cupied to Rome somewhat the position which a
pell alone cost 200,000 lire suburban town of wealth in the vicinity of a
a year. The government great city fills today. Well-to-do citizens of
will also search the soil Rome resorted thither for the benefit of theit
of Herculaneum, but that health, as its air was believed to be particularly
is not so simple an under exhilarating. Rest and quiet from the disturbing
taking as the uncovering influences of the great center were found In the
of Pompeii. over which luxurious villas which were situated in and
vineyards and olive groves around Herculaneum. There seems to have been
have spread. Above Her no industry in the town except fishing, and the
Magha Graeia. We ex- character of the ruins suggests that, like such a
pended 30,000 lire to satie- prosperous suburban retreat of today, the settle
fy the wish. That is what ment rejoiced in all that wealth and care could
we did also for the Brit- afford of beauty and convenience.
ish Archaeological school Agrippina the elder, according to Seneca, was
in Rome, which desired to the owner of one of the most gorgeous of the
comrplee thpe ial villas in Herculaneum. which, it is believed, was
searches t the Forum of destroyed by the Emperor Caligula because his
Nerva. mother had once been imprisoned therein. AD
'The Italian govern- other splendid vlla was the Cas del Papiri. The
c ,m nt" ignoe ird ~ Nonil of Nucertia were also among the aristocrats
Ricci continued, "already of the time who had villas in the charming little
oeu was saved from it by its inhabitants, or colaneum the city of Resins is built and the e town.
~d- d at and dispersed by Phny's contemporaries propriation of the land there is not so easy as in
d by the barbarians who followed them even the case of Pompeil We have under considers- According to Profesor Hughes, "Herculaneum
1 .lvilassd times. On the contrary, Herculaneum tion a bill dealing with the proprietorship of Is buried not under lava, rarely under natural
W" sealed in Its tomb in a few hours by the archaeological subsoils, which will probably al. cement, but generally under locally consolidated
tre at mud, ashes and scorias, and no one low us to excavate Herculaneum by a series of tuff (tuff is the word most commonly used when
i eves been able to reach it, so high is the underground galleries without demolishing the the ash is so far consolidated as to break into
mSetata at debris and hardened stone by which pretty little town which stands smilingly above lumps). Seeinlg that we have reason to believe
It Was evered. "The entombment of Hercu- it. A commiesion has been appointed with this that at least as much ash has fallen since the
E' says Mr. Waldstein, was sudden, corn- object. There is no immediate call for the under first century A. D. as fell in 79 A. D., the first
sad seomre, sad this was not the case with taking except that due to our praiseworthy curio- thing to do is to endeavor to distinguish between
: e ether Campanina cities nor with Pompedt." Ity. The world of science can wait; it has yet to the successive eruptions. If we could find at the
Pti the em evatimas ander Resins treasures study at least three-quarters of the objects found bottom of a layer of ash just enough pottery o
ý. already been obtained. "Aln urope," wrote at Pompeii and to the vicinity, and the jewels other relics to enable us to identify them as be
:* pe death Mefrcra de FPrface ia 1751, of art which are hidden under the lava are not longing to the seventeenth century or earlier,
sI prts the suspense tin whieh it perishingl On the contrary, the irescoes uoeorv that line should be traced wth the grestest can
eover the disseveries in anent Herca- ered at Pompei some fifty years ago are spol. In this way we might feel our way back into the
Se11g:1^ o as it is now termed in Na tnag and falling into ruin under the action of the remote past and perhaps somewhere mae out
glese Blit ~ at present has the Italian goy- air and damp." upon satisfactory evidence how deep some p
vamat' bees to ~think Of it is littleof Herculaneum was buried is the oruption -
tIM s ts at uamri stea ty h It lI little wonder that the entire world has 79 a . D."
·,; . -rb ad a n r te (L, d it been so deeply interested in the excavations at
a i etprbble that the new tone gien to the Herculaneum and that archa ogit and his
dI d isrit by the war may make the chare torians have treasured such an ardor for the
-" i lt which must be i ued Unp the completilo of the unearthing of the ancient city 'zoa SMALL STORES BOOMING.
hbeft is crsr to obtl Ma omplte is for so many years, for the conditions of its th
Ia Rma oiedlal spherews there is absolutely no tragnle engltfmnat were such that tt is generally
Ldge of the estenee of and project of Mr. bileved these ruins more than any others will Ctain Retalkrs Have Net fe InJure by Grea
& Pliema t M gifs for eaatteu at Hercu- prement a coaplete piLcture of the life 6f the ateprlees.
lem. Mr. Morgan's name been mazd up tiaes before the spulture of the city. The more
w this questles owa to the fat that Mr. suddenly the forces of nature did their work of "When, a while ago, the great stores had -s
L s Wadeten the author of an ntintrnatioal dma the more perft have b found to incrsed in i and in the muitpllidty of tLhsi
' psaust i une rthing th buried , diered be all the det of the bildg and their fr they dealt in that they could sply abouat eve
a etn ae January , 190, in his house In New nlahinas when the work of excavaton has bun human requirement," said a city dweller, "some
.. Te wth the oject of olectinr the money empleted In the other cities where rat exa people thought that the day of the smal ste
ery fr the work, w Rch was then estintd atios have bea made the destruction was mhre aper or, that the I t aea
a 1,M thue paluly, at b t . iradul and grset havoc was wrouht before couldn't compete rwith the bl one, but the smua
De . leAtur in Newa York Mr. Waldstein the dfn sepulture took plar Thus, altb oh store s tll dong businedss. I semle w asr r
S edtd ome and spoken o the matter with sm the eof he or poib cnts at which cavtions of them if not more than ever before o and a
eI nr I ltt and inor Orlando, then have been made werel a rater importane in this. at afirst. I wondered; but I do wonder s
i apudle Iantcbto He had e vena ob- the andlent world than was Herculaneum, It of- much now, since our baby am e.
d er gnor Orlando a letter warmly cop - fes the m t perfect opportunities for beholding Of ourse I don't refer here to grocery sto
S the prjsan buee t rin way eng his an ncent sttluement as it existed, with few oa baute don ri ou smler to fv
ibflty. A. Aoon as the idea became Imporant details destroyed or disturbed ad bntcher f hood ad p rlo, i smullst ala re
Sis lino the 31b disud violnt protet Another pant which contributes to the grster main eeryhe; I am spes an oa thso owtha
I m u I ro md. Wads th importane of Hercualaneum as a field for archae many rmaller stores, suppl tin dry goods ad
fM s MirM a awdsrer ol ot g iscal invoetia to is that the uddenns of tbhe fancy rood and hardware and houseftrnnhitnga
er stan uder secrtar of dister from which It suffered d made it Impo- Thes are the little stores that were to be pu
f-, eatle dnared i th chamber of deputies sibl for the inhbitnts to make an ert to ot o business but whc do nt sem ave
., Il(l I la at nml t o genm t rn e ery os dtolu a the vlub rtiles of theodr homes one And what ea the baby to do with -l
SaiC O g a --- the -esdse r appointed withs by attemptin to remove them to some dil t th. I'll tell yoI.
egsg a temeP a ist e had betre appoitbd rlwt eplaa. In Pompesl, for instanrce, there was ample e mt herw th a ld the s
- da ad funds u ie toa th gnrM l df teo reov eay of tbhe mat prior bs "h mothere with o ar wiuou e nts , s hot h re acs
S I a e mrt ad ntlquitie. the dretlai laoinI of the inbatonts haBut in Hereulaenm s thr tesi
af wiitd had ut bekn paced uder bignor Car- this seem a to have besn impodible, and the v- to home, the better to look after the babyi. e
_ ai h , a I worl rowm d writer on art omble objects of the rich households w6nre barled fare. For hebr minor shopplu. y y, ra
a. Waatein Ikw publshd an po nt of beneath the m o iquid muad which inudated doesnd oa far. 8he finds that in her nlhab
. et horgas t uar to t qeston o dt e ano o the M dm an lhood there are may little sapheors h they se
. ig ,. lush is Ital and m eri a in a b ook upon the city as securely as tf they had been lokeed
IratLaem whs was much ad iated ("Her in i tmpreb vault r This mud was an extr- many thins, and if she finds these places to a
es tt Prrent and Futrel by Carles ordinrly t aeasf sringao flid. an nice sittles hop, rwhere thsey keep ce thin
ah; artiitet, Pe ten d the 1me thn eoIteid with taste and judment, she tlkeeps as
S e; Leaden; MaTmeItlhan Co., 19n6). flrom the fids whaih hve been made, flsor instead
I wv ignr winsome Dal thi mornin t a t~ suto at objecthavi be ed steadily.
i S esas Ieew sa Meant Palan, wmbe ha charred by htas , as· w the cae at Pope, "There ae thousad o s h s se at
a I aeeat lcy , whirh lId him to ask t Herculaneuna m the objec dsovered by the t atd everywhe about the city, makldrng b
hemb: "IAr orthy of it" He deatlandto excakatios tere Imany of them n rondertull fo the n hborhd ~so r. The g
Sa tht knw ni ofw l anuy proect of Mr. perlect condtioe Brnze, marble and glo a oh se d o adep rieatb e hse va sl t volume a
. Pe saest Morea in reardt to the question of Jeats werae none of them severely a algee a~d nualy inreasesb but there appears stilla to a
e u at Herclaneum-- question, mor- mancrlpts were sumciently preserved to m e room for the little storekeeper, too, if he wll
.- eir, tlst has bon settled, possiable their restoration to a degree which is hilh- mke his store and his ood attractive, ad
agesr Coarradeo Rei, eeral director of fie ly eaUtisractory to archaeb olodsts ad historian. busines In a really buinesslke way."
ata end Iquta ites repeated the arme thn to That the modern world will be able to obtain
N. adde d "Th Italian overnment will a better illustrtIon of Hellenic culture as it was dhu
er irepel t ntever-ive lspermsion to any represented in a rercc-Rorman towrn from the "hat would you call that expression of od
S whatever to earch the sutl of the fatherland excavations at Henrculaneum than from those st Tdfit's facet"rIt e
e ts euld expreth detdsire to n excavate in eompartive study t of the ruined ties. They ad- eat ri, but his friendsr ipek of it us a
beplas m a mpet t o heir studrtls we srhould dueaa this belief from the fact that Herculaneum srutlible smile."
/ to undertake the wark ourelsves at our is believed to have been less of a commercial
- - - paead to place the mtorial unearthed ettlemna t than was Pompeii. and that its in- Doein He feet.
M a. at os wishes to study them. habltants were grety more interested in the "Do you try to be all things to all men?"
'ThLi is what we have just done f the Orand fine arts and in all that pertained to the most "I do what I can to cater to a preifrce," -
Dusky t Daden, wbjch desired to know what was advanced thought and culture of the times The swered the summer grl. "ye been
hden mad.' the sa s ain inhabitants of Pompeii, en the other hand, are he blonde and a brunette this past month."
GIVE WELCOME TO CRICKET
Amelest uperstitle. Snl Lives I. to kiln a cricket. There s a loal
MaSy Parts t I gaomn am superstltlo In Lucashire "that crick
ksti. eta are lucky about a house, and will
do no harm to those who us thee
' .e b icket o the hearth I still well; but that they will eat" holes t
Solaeme uesto It many nglish worted stdockigs of such members
lbmm s sa~yr a writer In the Lo- of the family as kill them." The
- ,hsuale. IPer the erieet be writer adds that he was assured of
- brias nsd luM k to a boue this "eo the sepe lnc a r.spe-a
(Iga l a s1rtls hbr able trners mhiy."
p6 UM Kto is lust The eriets separsstu as s1 skm
Ofned to England. Sir William Jar. t
dine noted its existence in c8otland i
- last century. More widespread, how
a ever. Is the death watch superstition. t
v- I confess that the 'ticking of a death t
I watch at ntght gives me an uncanny
Sfeeling. 8r Thomas Browne, In his L
a "Vulgar rrors" was probably the t
a lrst to give a true acomat of this
a death watch: " * * the noise is a
f made by a little sbeath winged gray
F. insect, ean oftela waioaset beah.
e and wewerk Ia the summer. We tl
I have tabs Ma teeret, sad bet
them ht thin boxes: whereli I have
heard and seen them work and knock
with a little proboscis or trunk agas
the side of the box, like a pl-ces
martus, or woodpecker, agalnst a
tree." But explanaton however
clear. do not dispel superstitlos, and
the "sheath wing tisect" stil tfet
terror into the hearts of wateha
about a sick bed.
No twt tamas ao the um
that have taia Jlaes ISv
qesioeus have been settle
CORAL IADE S
Java, Holland's Oldest Oolony,
Has Finest Highways in East.
Old Governor General Forced Wealthy
Chinaman to Construct One of
Main Roads-Material Ta.
ken From Sea.
The Hague, Holland.-Holland is
famed for its excellent roads, and
when colonies were acquired one of
the first tasks in those regions was
the laying out of highways. Java,
which is one of the oldest of Hol
land's colonies, is a model to other
eastern countries in the flcilities of
its communications, and not a year
passes but that more miles of road
way are constructed. Every three or
every five years, as conditions may
require, the existing roads are height
ened up anew, and they are constant
ly kept in the best repair. By these
periodical heightenings many of the
roads that run through the valleys
have come to resemble the dikes of
the old fatherland. The tendency has
been to plane away unevenness, to
make the inclines easy and gradual;
in fact, to do away as much as possi
ble with the inconveniences of a
mountainous country, to which the
dwellers in the Netherlands at home I
were not accustomed.
As every inch of Java is arable
land, there were no stone quarries
from which material for the roadways
could be delved and so other means
had to be resorted to.
It was the ocean, or, rather, the
very tiny denizens of the deep, that
furnished the necessary material.
Java is surrounded by coral rtefs,
which the minute creatures have pa
tiently been building up for untold
ages. It is of this coral, the remains
of the dead and gone millions of ani
malculae, that the roads are made.
The Javanese go out in their boats
to the reefs and there they stand the
whole day, half submerged in the wa
ter, breaking up the coral. When the
boat is filled with pieces of conveni
ent size it is rowed or sailed ashore
and the coral is spread on the roads
that require it. Mixed with the soil,
it makes the best imaginable material,
being strong and easy for tralmc. In
former years the natives were com
pelled to do this work as a sort of un
remunerated service to the govern
ment. Later on, when the ideas of
serfdom began to change, the natives
were paid for their work and were
only obliged to give a few days of
every month of their time to the gov
ernment. Then, and not so very long
ago, the compulsory service was abol
ished altogether. Nowadays the roads
are mostly kept in repair by the con
victs-"the chain gang" as they are
called in India.
The very first road built at the com
mand of the Dutch in India was that
from Batavia to Samarang, stretching
just half the length of Java. The fa
mous Jan Pleterson Coen was thea
Part of Coral Read.
governor general. That he was quite
a despot ean be gathered from the
way in which he contrived p get this
great work done without its costing
a penny to the high and mighty Dutch
East India company, which then held
sway. Eves in those early days the
Chinese had found their way to Java
and had also found pleanteous means
of enrichlng themselves there. One
Chinaman was known to be the
wealthlest man in Batava. Jan Pi.e
terson Coen celed him into his
donghty presence. When he arrived,
pale and trembling, the governor
said: "Chinamma, I want a goed roMad
to be built from Batavia to Samareng,
and you must build it! You must
bauild it at your own cost, and it must
be well done, too! If yeou do not do
what I tell you I will have your head
No protestation, no lamentation of
the wealthy Chinese could move him.
The work had to be done, or the death
penalty would have to be paid. This
the unfortunate possessor of untold
wealth realised. He loved his money
dearly, but he valued his life even
more; so be stopped lamenting and
set about his tueak. A whole army of
coolies were set to work and tin an tn
eredibly short time a splendid high
way united Batavia and Samareng.
The Chlaman's head remained on his
shoulders, and it is belteved he soon
found divers ways of recoupting for
his loss of gold, and Java was the
better off for a fine road that had not
cost the government a penny.
But that happened in the long ago.
Modern governments ere debarred
from takLng ay such drasutle mes
urea to enforce the intastitation of pub.
AGED AND LONELY; MARRYI
Kasnas Pair Who Were Chlldheeod
Friends mIftyeve Years
Topeka, Kan.--Samuel C. Wyatt,
seventy-tour years old, and Mrs. Susan
Pettioha, seventy-two years old, were
married in the probate aourt here.
The paIr first met fity-even years
ago when boy and girt in Missourl.
It has not been a unbroken court
ship, for the old couple tnsist that
they were lJaust good frends then and
both haMve been muarried sice. When
they became widow and widower. a
correspondetce bega which reslted
tin the wedding
"We were both lsnome," the
i NO SLEEPING-BAG FOR THEM
Laplanders Preferred the Snow and
the Open Air, and So Had a
Sir Henry Lucy tells in the Corn
hill Magazine a good story that he
had from Nansen, the explorer. It
amusingly illustrates the hardy health
of the l.aplanders.
Part of Nansen's equipment for his
trip across Greenland consisted of two
sleeping-bags mnade of undressed
skins On the first night of the jour
I net Nansen and his two Norwegian
I companicns got into one of the bags.
pulled the mouth tight across their
necks, and so slept in the snow with
only their heads out.
Blefore retiring to rest. Nansen saw
the three L.aplanders he hail engaged
for the expedition cozily tucked into
the other sleeping-bag. When he
awoke in the morning, almost numb
with o!,l. he observed that the hag
in which he had tied up the l.apland
ers was e-npty. and that they were no
where in sight. Hie was afraid they
had deserted him. and scrambline
out of the bag he went in search of
them. lie found the three men fast
asleep behind a hillock of snow that
they had scraped together as a pro
tection against the wind.
"Ah. master." they said, when ask
ed to explain this extraordinary con
duct. "we couldn't sleep in that thing.
It was too hot. so we got out and
have had a comfortable night here."
Harold-Whenever I go skating. I
always wear a cap that pulls down
well over my ears.
Ellyn-Yes; I should think that
would be absolutely necessary when
yeo're skating against the wind.
The Crooked Way.
District Attorney Whitman of New
York, according to the Washington
8tar, was talking about the sad ease
of a western banker who had stolen
a great sum from the depositors.
"The man." said Mr. Whitman.
"lived beyond his means-motor cars,
a house with eleven baths, son at col
lege, daughter coming out, wife hun
gry for diamonds. The inevitable re.
Mr. Whitman smiled and ended:
"The unfortunate fellow got strait
ened. so he became crooked."
In a section of Washnlaton, says
Harper's Magazine, where there are
a number of restaurants, one enter
prising concern has displayed in great
illuminated letters, "Open All Night."
Next to it was a restaurant bearing
with equal prominence the legend:
"We Never Close."
Third in order was a Chinese laun
dry, in a little, low-framed, tumble
down hovel, and upon the front of this
building was the sig, In great,
"Me Wakee. Too."
Perhaps a man can't be married
agalnst his ..ill. but many a poor man
discovers later that he was married
agalat his better udgentmt
gOLD WUEAODgD AND
1 Cheeussd ,,st itsipmmcaii.Telies.
___ai_ vailtuo im s
Changed ite Spieele
"Wuasn't the forbidden truit an sp
"Yes, but at the time Eve handed
It to Adam It was a lemon."
nAl to make that strong-and digestion good-nd
will keep well I Noehain is stronger thaa its weaket
Ink. No m-a Is stronger than his stomach. With
stomach disordered a train of diseases follow.
-li rG en Mdiaedle Ds wery
me4s. emml . b.tl .r et d m . s·d/ tI. lead Wasm
ma se seer taesas meesnd b .V. km.Pes. i., ease e.m s
m et s mI s s dlms w er des sm ma eS s. 'elA aetes aememan.
FAml r wc $&C., s... a, ls
WHI MEN DRNKI DAl USE DRUGS, A10 YNW TO CIS
WHY MEN DRINK TI SLR . m_ ,UE
Ot R NEW BOOK TELlS ALL h30
ExT SEAr.LED, FREE, ADDRESS
THiE REELEY HISTITUE, 712 PARK AVEIUE, HOT SPRIS,
, .-o e..w s ., .-e..S . s. _. l .
Sa sosee sesa 1
I -eans _r _ ek
.11' m rrrrwkeFI~~
Some of the
in cases of malaria
Thiey adoesethicaily. for
Oxidine I akneown iremedy
with a knourns rIelt
In caes of elther lacipieut
effects definite benefit
and almost ieasant relief.
Take it as a prevestive. as
well asa remedy.
It is a great tonic.
OUDI)iNFi soldb fldra -
gists under Ihe , trir Ieners
lee lh u II he f irsltottledoes
not b,enrfit you. retrur the
emetr htllt Ito the druUist
wuho sold it and receive Iem
pull purchase price.
Sloan's Liniment is a quick
and reliable remedy for lame
ness in horses and other farm
"Bloan's Liniment surpets amp
thing on earth for lamenesr in bors
and other horse ailaments. I would
aor sleep without it it in my stab.
md West l8h BL. Noew ork City.
Geed for Swegs amd Abses.
Ma.H. M Osaa. of Lawrenee.Ra.,
R. F. ID., No. 8, wrltes:-"' I had a mar
with an abscee on her neck and one
80.. bottlo of Sloan's Liniment erenly
eured her. I keep It all the time for
galia and smarll swelilngs ad for every
thing about the stock."
is a quick and safe remedy
for hog cholera.
CsGeesrnr of Csers uses
S 's itm W. 1 Ie He Chs.
SI heard or. Brawn (whole ui
farmer) thL be bad nerlt a
hog from aoera aind that his rened4
always vu a tablespoofulI oe _____
Inalment in siallo of slope of s de
rg the doss the oanimal mprowed.
Last moth Go. Brow sad mrs
were at the Areunltural
buildig aad is the disauaom dof
mrags of the dissase, o . Brown
gave teomedynamed a unfallnag."
SavASsas DALY Nesws.
AS An Dealers. 155.,8k. * SIA4
ans eost mon meew sm
uesasad reaty * m
. M.. log. Bu.t d IMdN, S -,
bseer t ease. Tue'PUhssaMts
are e reegsajy m rS.bulwUr
OKLAOMA WANTS "O41.
WEY PAYr NIIN RENT whom a msm
pavatent wll boy a home? Two hadiat
r·ert scres. Tm Dloms per sre. n
areses el cultivable timber pa
bettems. Ezty4we aresm mow Ist
las oe e tkimber pasoture laid. All
has two house sad goeed welL 'Two
elash haL 1 t110 yearsr rties
Wovoia. Swift 8 Plneater. Wewed
ALONTS WANTesd· ll self-Heati
Irom. 0I5 . mak to eod hustl ..
3 na .m35ry. wo u. M ,es