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Union of America
Matterm Especi Memasentto
tie Prressive ApricJart
By the man we may measure the
le ntighborly, and you will have
Worldly ambitions often end in dis
' grace and defeat.
You can not lift up the people on
whom .you look down.
No man loses any of his own light
by kindling it in others.
Those who shoot off their mouths
- make the most noise but the fewest
Have you ever noticed that all the
men who go to rest cures are married
.lany a fellow puts up a bold front
with nothing more than a fancy waist
It seems quite natural that a pull
will get a man to the top quicker than
Any candidate weighed in the bal
ance will alwqys be found wanting
It is a mistake to think that you
can use a wagon stake in producing
There are three ways of getting out
of a scrape-push out, back out, and
keep out. Try it.
Progress does not grow out of de
bates; it comes up from the needs
and hopes of the people.
Most of us rather would do a lot of
regulation abroad than practice a lit
tie righteousness at home.
Many think they are defending
faith when they are only fighting
against the necessity of thinking.
When you fret and fume at the pet
ty ills of life, forget not that the
wheels which go round without creak
lag, last the longest.
Keen up the general appearance of
the farmstead the year around. Don't
'forget that appearances count when
you want to sell out.
In a true society it is not necessary
for the members to stand in one pair
of shoes. Each member should retain
his own individuality if there must be
a union of action.
BASIS OF ALL PROSPERITY
Wealth of Farmer Enters Into Every
Business and Enriches by Cre
sting Demand for Workers.
(By 0. H. ALFORD. Atlanta, Ga.)
The prosperity of all classes of peo
pie in any country is dependent upon
its farming lnterests. The wealth of
the farmer is at the basis of all gen
eral prosperity. It enters into every
business and enriches it as it goes,
by oreating a demand for the labor of
workers in all occupations. Mlning
and manufacturing, commerce and
lnssportatlo, all the wheels of in
trfuse to rue when
'-oler laughs the world laughs with
S: as: when he weeps he does not
The states of Miselsippl, Maryland.
C esrgs. Alabama, Arkansas. Louisi
ana. Texas, and others have taken a
leog step forward in laying the fona
dation for a higher type of eduaested
armers. by establishing agrleultural
high schools and thereby placing a
practical agricultural edacation with
- f easy reach of the masses.
Let each county establish an arl
eoltural school and thereby develop a
aner. broader, and more praetleal
oduantion for the boys and girls of
the farm. Let us establish agricul
tural high schools and fill our farms
with well educated, broadminded men
-men who will restore dignity to the
- ba doan-trodden, but honorable bus
bees of agriculture ad raise it to the
highest rank among the occupatiosa
Let us establish agrieultural high
S drools and give our boys ad girls
am ag rietltural education--an educa
tlon that produces wealth and there
S h maske the south the wealthiest smo
tie of the world.
GET LEARNING FROM BOOKS
Medern Farmer Who Doe Much
Reading Ne Lenger Sebjeet of
The farmer who reads agricultunral
papersm. books, and bulletins, and at
tapde farmers' istitutes is no lonser
ridisled as a book farmer, except by
au oansutonal simpleton whose ee
are amounts to real praise. People
ma studying agriculture as never be
ore. Ooe, and not very log aigo.
either. It wuas thought derogatory to
Se high character of the human i.
tebest to engage it In the sordld at
fairs of buslness. Eventually bralns
S became Involved in busines afatrs
a well a in philosophy, rhetoric, and
postry, and later even phllosophers
and poets became reconelled to tnlrs
humlatlo of the "God-like" hacolty
o man. Later farmers began to tan
eke the intellect to tInsure success
ad began to arouse themselves from
the lethargy of centuries, and to ask,
wb so mueh progress in other Ines
ad aso hUle on the farms. Farmers
ae now combinlg in one enthussu
e ebhase In a bhot pursuit of knowl
ode. Let every one of us run the
gas of our lives.
Yong pigs are so partlal towards
fl~s rJeh in protein that they will sc
- re an excess of that element it
Sgtes as opportunity, thereby stunt
,, ther growth.
fo is a mystery how any dairyman
a-. se a eaot n loppige oR $4O a
bebusm ire. a wepcal heed dairy
sh tosneeurmeasrpb beef e.Jt.
FARMERS AND THEIR AUTOS
Not Bought for Pes , but Because
Machines Can Be Used to Much
Advantage in Farming.
Recently there has been consider
able pessimism expressed by country
bankers over the alleged reckless ex
travagance of farmers in buying auto
mobiles, and some state bankers' as
sociations have gone so far as to ex
press in official resolutions their dis
approval of farmers taking their
money out of the banks to buy ma
chines and intimating that credit will
be refused those who try to borrow
money for that purpose.
These pessimistic "warnings" by
the banks are so uniform in charac
ter and are sent with such marked
regularity as to arouse the suspicion
that they emanate from a certain
source and are intended to conceal a
sinister purpose. Perhaps this activ
ity on the part of certain powerful
financial interests may be explained
by the reports that a great trust is
being formed to take over all the prin
cipal automobile factories in the
United States, and if the business can
be demoralized by frightening people
and thus preventing them from buy
ing machines the central plants can
be bought for less money.
While it is true that thousands of
farmers have bought autos, it will
doubtrlsa be found on proper investi
gation that most of them had the
money in the bank to pay for them,
and that very little borrowed money
has been used for this purpose. The
report sent out by a Wall street
agency that farmers all over the west
were mortgaging their land for this
purpose and that one bank in Kansas
City held 58 farm mertagages which
had been placed to get money to buy
automobiles, have been proven to be
Parmers are buying automobiles
not as bankers do, for pleasure-but
because they have learned that they
can use them to a great advantage in
their farming operations. A trip to
town which usually takes three hours
with a good team can be made in
forty minutes by an auto, a saving ot
nearly two and a half hours, and the
team can be kept at work in the field
meantime. This saving of time and
the labor of a team and man In the
field is well worth while and highly
Thousands of autos are used every
day by dairymen, fruit growers and
truckers to deliver their produce to
market, and these machines, loaded
to the guards, may be seen daily on
the streets of market towns in every
state, east, west, north and south.
Many farmers also use their autos
for power to run separators and oth
er light machinery on the farm, as
It is the cheapest power that can be
supplied. And if in addition to these
needs the farmer uses hib auto to take
his family to town or to church or to
visit his friends with comfort and
celerity while the work teams are
resting, he is merely showing further
evidence of his conservative business
judgment and good common sense
which we may safely cOntinue to
ABANDON BIG PEACH ORCHARD
Bearing Trees to Number of 225,000
An item appears of curious signifi-l
cance with regard to agricultural
production in the south. It is that
what is described as the largest peach
orchard in the world, that of the
Bayley estate of Americus, Ga., has
been cut down and burned and the
ground given to cotton raising. The
orchard contained 225,000 bearing
trees and for years has been among
the first to supply the northern mar
kets, says the Pittaburgh Dispatch.
But while there have been immense
shipments, large quantitles went to
waste and the owners believe that
they can get more profit out of cotton
on the same ground.
It has besan one of the chief claims
that the ruth's greatest hope was In
diversit,1 Its agriculture and espe
cially ie falsing fruits and vegetables
for nnhern markets. Yet it appears
from chMs that the cost of shipping is
an lammPnse drawback for the south
eran prterlucers of perishable eropse,
the greater part of which has to be
sold is the north. Yet it remains the
fact that there are few Junctures
when the southern peaches cannot be
readily sold, and if northern raisers
can eta good peach crop at all they
s, sell their product at good rates.
It is true that cotton gets a far bet
ter price now than when the southern
fruit movement began. Yet we find
it hard to believe that this great
peach orchard would not have yield
ed its owners more than the cotton
crop is likely to.
Water in the Cow Pasture.
It is most important that the dairy
herd have plenty of pre water. It
water is not abundant and pure the
profits will be cut in two or cut out
altogether. Keep the spring holes in
the pastures clean and make the ap
proaches safe. Water is a necessity in
aiding the digestion and assimilation
of solid food.
Watching Hog Results.
Keep all the hogs on the place
busy Let them do all the growing,
fattening or producing young You
can't stay still in the bog business.
Every animal is either 'osing money
or making it for you. See that every
Individual hog tis on the right side
of the ledger, and that you have a
definite object in keeping it
Destroy Canada Thistles.
According to the lowa Press Bulle
tin No. 12, sodium arsenite is the
only chemical that will entirely de
stroy the Canada tbh5tle. It is ap
plied at the rate of % poqads to 52
gallons of water.
Caring for Cow.
At the frst sign of udder trouble.
it is a good plea to give the cow a
aeed of a laxative anatur
WITh THE GREEKS IN THE TURKISH WAR
ý 1 usrauu ms
TIOUGII the work of the Bulgarian anrmne has beenIl more spectacular In the war with Turkey, the Greeks have
been doing their part very effectively. Our Illustration is from a photograph of a Turkish frontler station
destroyed by Greek troops.
SEEKS WHITE SPOUSE
Indian Queen Hopes to Marry
Juanita Ta-Ta-Ma, Esteemed the
Richest Red Mailden In Okla
homa, Owns Valuable Oil
Sapulpa, Okla.-Juanita Ta-ta-ma.
"Queen of the I'chees." is declared to
be the richest Indian girl in Okla
homa. The queen is 17 years old a
suffragist and believes that "flne
feathers make fine birds." She is rais
ing peacocks for the market. Her
peacock ranch, situated six miles
southwest of Sapulpa. Is a little gold
mine. Several male birds are valued
at $200 each.
Juanita lives with her father, but
hopes some day to marry a white man
and learn to drive an automobile,
dress like her paleface sisters and
take an active part in woman's battles
for equal rights. She was crowned
"queen" of the Uchee Indians at a re
cent corn dance near this city. Her
string of beads. consisting of 125 elk
teeth, is valued at $10,000.
The Indian queen owns a quarter
section of land in the heart of the oil
district, and her royalties from oil are
said to amount to several thousand
dollars every month. One of the larg
sht oil wells ever discovered was drill
ed on her allotment recently, which
adds $250 a day to her Income. Twen
ty million cublc feet of naturvl gsas i
wuftrwU rfdm this welt each day. and
experts predict it will continue to sup
ply that amoutn for the next ten
Her allotment was selected by her
through mistake. Her father, at the
time allotments were being made. In
tended to file on a tract adjoining his
own, but the description given to the
alloting agent was for a tract six
miles distant, which has proved to be
"My peacock ranch is merely a
bobby." said Queen Juanlta. "although
it promises to be a profitable indus
try. The peacocks are great weather
prophets. One of my prize birds fore
tells a storm with accuracy. I value
him at $250.
"Would I marry? Certainly. I hope
some day to marry a white man, pro
vided my ideal comes along. He must
be an educated gentleman of the high
eat order, a strict prohibitionist and
-ccc--------- ----- ---
BOAT CUTS WHALE IN TWO
Schooner Reaches a California Port
With the Blubber Dangling From
San Prancisco. Cal.-Of all fsh
yarns brought to this port recently.
the one brought in by the coasting
schooner James H. Bruce is a prize
winner. Moreover, it is true. and
there is further evidence than the
mere word of the Jolly sea dogs that
their ship ran into and killed a huge
whale. Portion. of the carcass of the
unfortunate mammal were still visible
on the forecastle and headgear of the
schooner when she came in the other
day. Huge pieces of blubber dangled
from the stays and parts of the fore
Captain Rosich and his crew explain
that the strange incident occurred the
other night, when the schooner was
ofi Point Reyes. Laden with a cargo
of lumber from Port Gamble, the wind
Jammer was sailing along at a lively
clip, with a fresh breeze astern, when
suddenly a shock ran through the ves
eeL The impact was not sharp or
heavy enough to have been caused
by collision with another craft, and
the crew was beginning to believe
that it had passed over a submarine
disturbance, when the lookout came
dashing aft over the deck load to give
them the surprising news that the
ship had struck a whale.
"He must have been sleeping." said
ODD SUIT AGAINST DOCTOF
Surgpn Must Pay for Accident t,
Patient During Op.
Paris.-A curious action against a
doctor considered of great importance
from the standpoint of the responst
b-lity of surgeons has just been fouht
out in the Paris law courts.
A few weeks ago a doctor was call
ed upol to perform an operation for
total abstainer of tobacco. He must
love outdoor sports, be a good wing
shot, handy with the lariat and own a
"He need not be rich in dollars and
cents, but wealthy in those things
which go to make for real happiness.
Wfth such a man I could live content."
VACCINATION MAKES DISEASE
London Authority Tells Doctors Virus
Produces Scarlet Fever and
Philadelphia.-Dr. Charles Crellh
ton of London, formerly professor of
medicine in Edinburgh. startled the
Pennsylvania Vaccination board, in
session here, with the opinion that
vaccination was to blame for the
spread of many epidemics.
"You will find," said Dr. Creighton.
"that measles and scarlet fever have
spread to a great extent since small
rox has been on the wane. I do not
believe that vaccination is necessary
- _ t ,,- ,-- ----.-.t,-.t, ,-" -
CZAR IS RICHEST MAN
Income Exceeds $30,000,000
and Is Growing Rapidly.
Rebuke for Treasurer-Emperor An
gry at Baron Menchikoff
f ow. "ven.m.utta
St. Petersburg.-While Russia is a
frequent and large borrower among
the nations of the earth, Emperor
Nicholas. according to a statement
presented to his mRjesty by the Impe
rial treasurer general, is the richest
man in the world. The statement is
couched in fanciful language, but the
facts which it recites are said by St.
Petersburg bankers to be beyond dis
"Your majesty," says Baron Menchi
koff, "need have no fear of ever com
ing to suffer the stings of poverty.
Financially you are solvency itself.
With one hand you could buy out the
American multimillionaires. Rockefel
ler and Morgan. and still have suffi
clent in the other to talk business
with Baron Rothschild. Or. if you
prefer, you can take over the Krupps.
the lookout. "or maybe he was dead.
I saw the big outline of the mamal
and a second later the bow had cut
him through, the pieces foating away
in the darkness."
CHILD AND MOTHER ELOPE
Widow and Her Daughter Become
Brides on Same Day at
Wilmington, Del.-An elopement of
mother and daugh' the most singu
lar In the history of this Gretna
Green. occurred recently. Mrs Man
nie C. Scott, aged thirty-nine, a wid
ow of Trenton. N. J., is the mother.
She was married to Isaac Holt. Miss
Elizabeth Scott, aged nineteen, Is the
daughter. She was wedded to Harry
The two couples met on Market
"What are you doing aere, dear?"
asked the astonished mother.
"Why, what are you doing her.
dear mamma?" queried the equally
The mother was the first to regain
her composure. "We have Just been
married." she said.
"And so have we," answered the
The two wedded couples returned
ipendlctls on a hospital patient. The
.tter's body, In accordance with the
neral rule in such cases was previ
usly rubbed over with alcohol, but
wing to the peculiar conformation of
he man's side, some liquid remained
n a small hollow instead of being
riped off again.
Before using the scalpel the director
decided to burn away a small outer
turnover, which might have Infected
the tound, but in doing this he set
fire to the spirit, causing the patient
severe injuries. Medical experts. who
unless an epidemic of smallpox is
prevalent. To vaccinate every child
before he goes to school is a crime,
and should be stopped.'
"The virus that is used is certainly
open to question. Children never be
fore had the measles or the scarlet
fever as they do today, and why? Sim
ply because the contamination of their
blood with the serum of the calf has
rendered them susceptible to these
diseases which they used to be able
to throw off. Now they are weakened
by inoculation with vaccine virus."
Many medical men who heard him
were astounded, and they questioned
the eminent British authority. The
commission has asked Dr. Creighton
to submit some of his proofs, and he
will be requested to appear before
the board at another hearing next
Bees Chase Him to Death.
York, Pa.--George Frey, aged sixty
eight was hiving a swarm of bees on
the farm of his brother in Lower
Windsor towship, when the insects at
tacked him. Frey ran at full speed to
escape their stings, but about 3,200
feet away he fell dead from over
although I would not recommend the
The czar is very angry with Baron
Menchikoff and his playful ways, and
rebuked him soundly for indulging in
"such undignified comparisons."
The czar's civil list amounts to
uessity two snan .weu as Incaladias
the amounts paid to the grand dakee
and of this sum more than a million
is available for his own private pur
poses. Then he owns lands in Russia
in Europe which cover an area equal
to that of the whole of Nevada, of
which the revenues reach the vast
sum of $20.000.000 a year, of whlich
$5,000,000 is paid to the grand ducal
families. The czar's lands in 81beria
bring him in another $7,500,000, al
though they are at present largely un
developed. Altogether, Including In
terest on savings. the czar's income
exceeds $30,000,000, and is Increasing
rapidly. He sets aside each year a
large sum for each of his four daugh
ters, so that If any one of the royal
princes contracts a marriage in that
quarter he will do extremely well
from a worldly point of view-though,
of course, the exact disposition of the
cuzar's huge fortune is known only to
himself and his financial adviser.
DIDN'T PRINT BEST STORY
Late Melton Prier, the Artiset Corre.
spendent, Kept Sir Evelyn Wood's
Quip Out of Book.
London.-The reminiscences of the
late Melton Prior, the artist war er
respondent, Just published, do not coa
tain. for obvious reasons, perhaps the
best story told of that irrepresasili
At a dinner given to Mr. Prior, the
chairman. Sir Evelyn Wood, who was
seated next to the guest of the eve
ning, commeneed his speech thusly:
"Our honored guest, Mr. Prior, has
been in t1 engagements." Prior,
prompting. "Twenty-two, my lord, 2t,"
Sir Evelyn continuoed "Ia 22 egage
ments, and he has never seen * shot
BOY HURT BY POWDER BLAST
Heat From Automobile Headlight
Causes Fatal Injury to a
Hammond. Ind.--A pecular acci
dent will cost twelve-yearold Parker
Tipton, a newsboy of Madison coun
ty, his lifel Parker bought fiv e ents'
worth of gunpowder and put It in his
pocket. While he was warming his
hands in front of a powerful head.
light on an automobile the heat from
the light converged on the powder and
It exploded. The boy was so burned
that he cannot live.
- -------- ------- ---,
investigated the affair for the bhospital
authorities, reported that the burns
were due to the patient's abnormal
shape, were, so far as the doctor was
concerned. a pure accident
On the case being tried before the
Parts courts, however, the latter de
cided that for the patient's body to be
of slightly different shape from normal
does not relieve the surgeon from any
of his responsibilities, since he has
every opportunity of observing what
these differences are, and therefore
I awarded the patient $2,000 damages
IN THE MOONLIGHT
How Dudley Lane Won a Worthy
Bride Who Loved Him
By GERTRUDE MARY SHERIDAN.
"The michief!" said Dudley Lane.
"A bad pother, isn't it, now?" ask
ed Ralph Norman.
"Something of a mix-up. I must
say," was the reffective reply. "See
here, Ralph, how did it ever come
The scene was the little hotel at
tirocton, where Normari had been a
guest for several days and w here
lane had Just arrived, to be greetedi
with some decidedly stirring and sen
sational disclosures by his closest
"It's very simple." explained Nor
man in his usual droll, good-natured
way. "Poverty is the cause. riches
the motive power."
"See here, what nonsense are you
"Facts. Dudley," Insisted Normn n.
"Here am I-alleged artist, some fame.
no money. And there's you-literary
Idler, rolling in wealth. A little outing
jaunt proposed. I come in advance
to spend a day or two with our col
lege friend, Sidney Worth. I find
him out west. Family home. Serv
ant takes my card. In a few minutes
Mrs. Worth comes in. Fat, fashion
able and a tuft hunter. How did I do.
Mr. Lane? Heard so much of me from
city friends of the ton and her son.
She talked so fast I couldn't get in
a word edgewise. Then comes papa,
next. He, too, overwhelmed me. In
vited to call in the evening. Social
gathering. I go outside, breathless.
Never knew I was so important be
fore. Then it all dawned on me."
"How, may I ask?" projected Dale
"Precisely. You remember turn
ing over a misfit to a poor struggling
artist friend, don't you?"
"One of your cards happened to
be in a side pocket. That was the
It Was a Beautiful Word Picture the
Young Man Delineated.
one I gave the servant in mistake for
"But when you came to explain?"
"I didn't explain," replied Norman
brauenly-"haven't since; don't see
how I can now!"
"No." coolly announced the atist
"Introduced and accepted as Mr.
Irane-courted, feted as the rich man
worth knowing. Then I met Irma."
"Sidney Worth's sister. From the
minute I have had but one ideal: To
paint her picture some day."
"And slightly in love with her, eh.
Ralph." intimated Lane.
"Well--oh, no. re got too much
sense to imagine myself a suitable
prti for a member of the old and
aristocratic Worth family."
"H'm!" said Lane again thoughtful
ly. "And what do you suggest?"
"Why, we are going south day after
tomorrow. With out flitting the epl
sode is ended. No need of disagree
able explanations. The Worths know
you were coming today. Well raun up
there tonight Irma is interested 16
art, music and all that, and particular
ly wishes to know yeou."
"To know Ralph Norman, the artist,
"That's so," agreed his compauiot.
"A sort of mix up In personality, isht
It? Too late io mend It now, thou~a.
"Continue youear Haroun al Ranld
career, and get through with it,'- aid
The young millionaire did up. leave
Brocton with his friend that day, nor
the next. In fact, from the evening
when he was first introduaes to Irma
Worth the idea seemed .,vidly in
jected into his mind thEt life had a
new attraction and wa well worth
He and his friend ~ifted into the
pleasantest week t~1 had ever en
joyed. Norman war wild to paint the
portrait of his lideq.-but be was no
longer "the artigL," As to Lane, so
different was Irt., to the average run
of society beli who had coarted him
for his fortua, that a tie grew tcrong
er daily that he feared it wuld be
hard to btak.
Lane airtnced one evening as they
strolle6 in the white mstnlight, and
all tfe poetry in the mature of his
bettLfual companion was called out
by the rare lovellnesg of nature about
From many a word Irma had drop
ped. Lane realized that her brother
had been a staganch friend and admirer
of Ralph Nor1t., artist.
"It must be a grand litfe, that of
youras" said Irme. "It seems to me
that the painlter, the composer, the
poet live in a sphere far above the
ordinary mortal. Mr. Lane gave me
a little book last evening. It is called
idle Thoughts,' and he says a friend
of his wrote it. I would like to know
that friend This peace and beanty
about us reminded m" of oa
finest sentiments: 'Con( up out
feverish into the calm of eternal
"She likes me--I feel it It. kn
said Lane rather distressfully to
self later, "but half that feeling
the sake of the art she thinks I
resent. I must either tell her all."
added. "or get away from here."
It was two eveninl later. Th
stood together watching the rain
glintings from the flowuing fo
when some one canme rushing up
"'Why. It's Lrother!" cried Ir_
"You here. Lane'" exclalmed
ney W\orth. after h, hhadl reete ,
sister affectionately "\nd N
too." he added. catching sight of
artist on the porch, and rusiung
"lie called you Mir. L.nne!"
tnured Irrna. In a nvystifled tone.
Lane was wretchedly silh, t.
yet did his companion suspfct thb
postur. heil, saw that he was
turbed .\lwa.ys tactful, however,
divorted the conversation with the
You should paint a picture of
fountain in the moonlight. Mr.
"1 I never painted anyt
blundered out Lane in desperatiol
"hat'" she laughed--"Mr.
man, the artist who won the a
"I am not Mr. Norman. I am not
artist." declared Lane In full co -
sion. "The only things I ever pain
were some word pictures, and I so
thought them worth while reading.
wish I had the power just now
paint a word picture of a truly
tent man. Miss Worth. I have
thing dreadful to confess."
And then and there Lane told
story. He found Irma more
ished than offended. She sighed a
tie. Then she lifted her eyes to
"Yes." continued Lane in a de
dent tone, "I am a poor ideal to
alder. The only thing I ever did
cept to spend money was to write
volume of 'Idle Thoughts.' and no
ever seented to understand it."
"You wrote that book?" cried I
her eyes radiant with delight. I
derstand it." and then she d
her glance and blushed at so o
betraying her appreciation.
"I would like to write a letter
you." said Lane, "depicting my
serious thoughts about this ime
cent imposture of mine, Miss W
I would even like to go further
explain why-why I kept it up,
I couldn't help lingering at itrocte
"Can you not-tell it?" in
Irma softly, sinking to a rustic
It was a beautiful word picture
the young man delineated, for th
it all there ran the golden warp
love. And when later they joined
others, happy Dudley Lane knew
be had won a worthy bride who
him for himself alone.
(Copyright. 1912. by W. 0. Chapman)
INVENTOR OF THE TELEPH
Claim to Honor Has Been, and Is
ly to Continue, a Matter of
Priority in the invention of the
phone is a matter of discussion.
principle of the transmission of
vibrations mechanically for short
tances was known for a long time
fore the electric principle was a
The discovery by Dr. C. G. Pamg
Salem. Mass.. in 1837 of the sound
en out by an electric magnet at the
stant of the closing or breaking ot
circuit and of the musical note
duced by rapidly revolving the
ture of an electro-magnet In freeht
the poles were made the basis of
periments by many investigators
were important features of early
tempts made to transmit sonund
speech electrically. The theory l
sounds might be made to vileab a
metal plate which would open I
close an electric circuit and tIh a
similar plate at a receiving
would be acted on electro
and thus give out as many
as there were breaks in the
wa advanced by a lrench writer
early as 1854. Alexaunder Graham
an American by adoption,
born in Edinborough, Scotland.
1847, is the inventor of the a
telephone, for which be wasu
patents in 1876. An Impqfect
of his telephone was exhibited at
Centennial Exposition In Philadel
in 1876. Before Bell's practical
Rets and a number of Europea
entlsts had evolved a primitive
trie telephone which depended nd
the interruption of the electric
rather than upon Its variatis
strength to correspond with the vit
tions of the transmitter.
Earth as a Thermometer.
The general rate of Increase ila
temperature of the earth's crist
about one degree Pahrenhett for va
5 feet of descent. If this rate we'
invarlable a seale might be nrud -
on the wall of a mine shaft whii
would Indicate the temperature nla
the graduations of a thermometer. U
fact, however, the rate varies tin 0
ferent regions, and Muhlberg 5
Konlgsberger have suggested thl
these variations may be of advantas
In prognosticating the existence ,i
deep depositts of coal and oil, and p
slbly of other valuable minerals. h11
presence of such deposits causes .
abnormal rise of temperature aboW
them; but no deductions concersas
their presence can be drawn from bor i
holes less than 600 feet In depth."
"Did your husband get the right
kind of a suffrage plank in the plaI
"Well, he did as well as I expected.
You know, I never aeld depend a
John when I sent him to town o0 S
In a Good Cause
"Johnny, what are you doingra
"Tryin' to learn the fish in this hif
crick what they'll git If they blts*
"Why did you name your racing 0t
"Bcause I want her to ee e P