THIS SENATOR AVERSE TO ARBITRATION
In stating his position regarding
the Panama Canal situation, Senator
James O'Gorman, of New York, said:
"The canal Is an American canal.
constructed by American engineers
through the liberal appropriation of
funds by the American congress, and,
above all, it is constructed upon
American territory, and I am amazed
that anybody should have the hardi
hood to contend that it should not be
administered by American law.
"We should not lose sight of the
fact that even if we were willing to
submit this domestic question to an
arbitral court it would be impossible
to find anywhere an impartial tri
"Nominally, the case as it stands
Is one between the United States and
Great Britain; as a matter of fact,
the controversy raised by Great Brit
ain would be one between the ship
ping interests of the United States
and the shipping of the entire world.
"lvery nation In the world, oertainly every maritime nation, would be
as much interested as Great Britain herself to uphold the British contention.
Can any one doubt what the result of arbitration would be under such con
ditions? An arbitration court made up of representatives from any civilized
eodntry that might be suggested would be prejudiced against the United
States, and that does not ft in well with the American sense of fairness in
dealing with a question that is In controversy.
"The case would be prejudged."
MAY RECALL HAAKON, KING OF NORWAY
According to common gossip in the
courts of Europe, King Haakon of
Norway is rapidly losing favor. And
judged by the same source of in
formation, it seems apparent he will .
soon be discouraged by the Storthing
Into giving up his throne.
Jest after Haakon left Norway
early In December, with Queen Maud
and Prince Olaf, for London, to do
their Christmas shopping, the Repub- .
lina party introduced a bill into the
Storthing abolishing all decorations.
This bill is certain to be passed.
and as the power to confer decora
tions Is the only privilege enjoyed by
the king without securing the sane
tion of his ministers, the' force of the
Intended legislative attack Is obvious.
Al nost immediately prior to the
introddction of the bill Haakon con
ferred the grand cross of St. Ola on
retiring Minister Thorne.
Another factor emanates from the
ebhrge mane that thp king and queen
Shave hoarded their allowance for the six years they have reigned in order
to spend it on Appleton house, Sandringham, which was a wedding gift from
the queen's father, the late King Edward of England. The royal couple of
N orway spend much of their time there and this is disapproved by their sub
Jests, who have frequently complained that the pair buy most of their
Christmas things In London markets.
One can gain an Idea of Hakon's expenditures on himself from the cost
" t his clothing, which does not exceed $1,250 a year.
Qaeen Mand would shed no tears over the voluntary loss of the throne.
/M was the second daughter of Edward, and the English climate suits ter;
that of Norway does not, for her health is impaired during the periods she
SmnlJas in Norway.
Auther sidelight on her desires is exposed by her refusal to learn the
iag Hsako Wuld have no regrets.
DEWEY RECOMMENDS HORSEBACK RIDING
Admiral Dewey celebrated his 75th
birthday on December 26, in a quiet
way, working a little in the forenoon.
riding out for an ailrng later, and
dlning with a few riends in the eve
"I feel like an enstgn," said Mr.
Dewey to triends. He looked as
healthy and happy as a man just out
1 never felt any better in my life
than I feel today," added the admiral.
"'wo things, horseback riding and
keeping away from banquets, have
S helped me. To be of a good old fam
ly of people who live to ripe old ages
helps one to grow old gracefully and
koeen In vigorous health."
Admiral Dewey went to his olce
to work during the day, but his call
ers wBre so numerous that he had to
give it up. Among his visitors were
Rear Admirals Barker, Mason, Twlin.
ings. Fletcher, Vreeland and Cone.
Surgeon General Stokes, Gen. John
it. Adleson. th6 Rev. James Mackin of St8 Peter's Episcopal church; Capt.
Spencer 8. Woods. Commanders Victor Bloe. W. D. McDousall and H. J.
Admiral Dewey was born in Montpeler. VL. in 1827.
"I should say," he declared today, "that any man who begins to ride
hoebacbk early and continues with It throughout his early years will find in
the end that he has invested in a form of physical exercise that will be a
pleat asset to him in his later years. Driving is splendid, too. Getting lots of
i is the principal thing. I learned to ride early in my own state of Vermont
" do' know how early, but I have kept on with that exercise and it has
hean a great benefit to me.
1"I remember one day riding with George Bancroft, the historian. He
sl 80 years old at the time. I asked him to what he ascrlbed his perfect
ph 'lald condition at that time and he pointed to his horse for answer."
NEW CIVIL GOVERNOR OF CANAL ZONE
Presdet Taft has tendered to
Cd 0. w. Goethals. U. 8. A.. chief
engianeer of the Panama canal, and
ke colonel has aecepted, the poet of
dylvl governor of the eanal son
The chalge of government on the
- thmn s will take place probably nla
e sp ring Colonel GOoethals will
nere as evil governor until the canal
is fermally opened oa January 1 115
The et vessel will be sat
mt g the eaal bhrring the us
beesee, Sept, 2, 191l , on the four
adsredth anntverarry of the discov
- ery of the Paslo. Prom the until
a' formal opeantg the canarl wil be
perated as a "sample" foir traintng
e· the operattng fore, the getting of
: evrthing l Inal shipshape etc.
: The anal, meordi to Colonel
ethals, is now more thuan 75 per
eomplete, and uy 1 neat will
: It redy her the turaing lin of the
r we . It is appreheded that the
aggrames sad pressea of the water
S a~a ame s erthw aidhe of the treachereaus baaks, particularly at the
Albra out, but the xetation is that the dredges an take ears of the
..enaual thus deposited in the big ditch.
S el, * Geethals lateds, when the eaal is a-gois , to etirme fm the
- - -t ,rvice sad settle in New Tuk uas a esenltig eagieer, with the
st ome money f his nly. eanthe Prsident Taft has
Seea in reward the oloer's wrek em the imhmls hy poemoting
t he ha onigemeenl in the arm,
LATEST INVENTION IN THE WAY OF WATER CRAFT
S~:::: . ...1 : -::i. .
A hydrocycle for two was recently craft, this water-skimming cycle has
given a tryout at Milan with great its propellers placed in the rear of
success by its builders, the Moretti the iron frame, far removed from the
brothers. The novelty of the hydro- water. Considerable speed can be
cycle, which ts foot propelled, lies in made on this hydrocycle and it is
the fact that instead of its propellers predicted that within a short time it
being placed in the water at the stern d will be seen in all inland waters
of the machine, as is usual in water of Europe and America.
GIVES SELF AWAY c
Thief Makes Up Story but
Stretches It Too Far.
Walks Into Headquarters at Oakland
In Order to "Beat Others to It,"
but Finally Admits He Is
the Man Sought.
Oakland, CaL.-The dimfficulty of
Mick Dabenich, who weighs 185
pounds, in explaining Just how two
footpads had managed to toss him on
to the roof of a saloon, twenty feet
high, led today to a tale of nocturnal
adventures which ended with Daben
Ich's admission to the police that it
was he who made an unsuccessful at
tempt to rob the safe of the Franco
American Wine company, and who left
a courteous note, explaining that
"nuthin' was taken."
The note proved the adventurer's
undoinl, for it was after comparing
it with a sample of Dabenich's hand
writing that Chief of Police Peterson
wrung from him the confession of his
attempt to crack the safe.
Dabenich appeared at the ofece of
Crief Peterson today in the rule of
an indignant citisen. seeking redres
from the wrongs suffered by being
robbed of $65, and left on the roof of
a saloona. from which he had much dif
fculty in descending. The police had
been searching for the burglar whe
had entered the office of the wine com
pany, and Chief .Peterson asked Da
benich to write his name The hand
writinl was exactly similar to that
of the note.
After making several unsuccessful at
tempts to explain just how he had
been thrown to the roof, which
seemed the only weak point In his
story, Dabenich blandly admitted that
he was the disappointed cracksman
and told an entertaining story of oth
er exploits of the same nature
"I couldn't get the safe open," he
said, "so I went to a restaurant and
stole two napkins." A policeman felt
in his pocket and drew out two nap
kias. "Then I robbed a doctor's of
iace" he continued, "and got three pen
nies." The policeman again searched
his pockets and brought out three pea
.ies. Dabenlch seemed hurt to think
his word has been doubted, but con
tinued his story:
"I thousht I could do some business
with the Cave saloon, so I climbed up
on the roof and tried to get in through
a skylight, but I couldn't make it. It
was too far to drop. So I gave it up."
"But why did you come here and
say you had been robbed of $65 and
left on the roof?" asked the chiet
"I saw a woman looking at me
across the street," was the reply. "and
I thought I'd better come here and
INDIAN REUCS ARE FOUND
Arehaeologist Excavates Site of Old
Camp Near Cumberland in
Cumberland, Mdt-Relics of early
Indian life have been discovered by
Frank Ventine, an enthusiastic arch
aeolosgit of Ridgely, W. Va., tn exca
vating the site of an old camp near
Decayed posts in the red loam show
ed where the tents, or tepees, once
stood. Many relies were found in
the floors, which were very hard as
though from years of costant use. In
one was found a well burnt clay pipe,
decorated with straight and zigzag
lines. Near the pipe 12 flint dishes,
Iant-shapd, were found buried 11
Inches below the surface in a cirele,
each one overlapping the other. They
are all of black flint, and Mr. Valen
tine says he does not know of any
ver found In this part of Mary
Mussel shells were foud in large
quantities In the bottom of some of
these aneient abodes, indeiatig that
moUSSels were used for food Turtle
SPIRITS PLAY MANY PRANKs i
Man Aboard rlgantilne Reports He
rifylng Orglee-Everythling on
Mils.-A startling ghost story
coms from QGenoe. A brigatine call
ed the 8peme, lying in harbor there,
reported that the ship had been tIn
vaded by a turblent troops of in
formal sprts, who foPrthwith proceeded
t demlih ewrythidng that was
'-frL3a - h.,mwi ra - I·
shells and deer horns were also found.
Included in the find were the remains
of eight or ten pots, all having the
marks of the plaited baskets in which
they were molded. Some of the rims
of these vessels are finely deco
Mr. Valentine also uncovered sev
eral fireplaces. In one of these broken
pipe stems and bowls were found. One
pipe bowl has a turtle in high relief
on the front, and is marked with trl
angular lines and dots A small orna
ment of burnt clay was also found. It
has a small hole In each end and is
supposed to have been on a necklace.
Many unfinished bone and a few stone
beads were unearthed. Most of the
bone beads were sawed from the leg
bones of the deer and then polished.
One complete pot that will hold three
pints and one very small one that
holds about one-eighth of a pint were
secured. The smaller has a knob on
either side with a hole in it for a
This was the largest Indian camp
site in this part of Western Mary
land, according to Mr. Valentine.
NEW HAVEN ROAD GETS SHOCK
Government Refunds $1.50 to Com
pany In Picture Repair Deal
Claim Agent Stunned.
Washington. I% C.-The department
of the interior has shocked the claim
agent of the New York, New Haven
& Hartford railroad to the point
where he new is reported to be dazed
and all but incoherent. The depart
ment has a set of fine national park
views which it sends from place to
place for free exhibition. On the way
from Worcester, Mass., to New York
two of the pictures were damaged and
a New York art dapler estimated that
It would cost $11 to make the needed
repairs. A bill for that amount was
collected from the railroad company.
In the meantime, however, the pic
turee had been shipped to Providence,
R. I., for exhibition and a picture
frame dealer in that city repaired the
pictures for $9.50. The custodian of
the collection sent his personal cheek
for the difference, $1.50, to the in
terior department. This refund on
damages already paid was forwarded
to the New York, New Haven & Hart
ford claim agent.
"Can such things be?"' he gasped.
It is reported that he will recover.
NAMES THE SI
Gotham Speaker Says Gluttony is
Worst of Seven Evils In
New York.-"There are seven dead
ly sins of which women in society are
guilty," declared Mrs. Mildred Manly
Easton at the Astor hotel in an ad
dress before the Life as a Fine Art
club, of which she is the president.
The seven feminine sins, according to
Mrs. Easton. are gluttony, lazines,.
fear, envy, jealousy, revenge and last.
"I place gluttoy first in the list
because it seems to be woman's beset
ting sin. We are digesting all the
time. From breakfast until luncheon
women digest; from luncheon until
dinner time they digest again, and
after dinner they are digesting the
greater part of the evening.
"Iaziness is the next most Im
portant of our sins. There are hun
dreds of women walking around every
day more dead than alive.
"Next comes fear," she told her
audience. "Fear pinches us until we
have no circulation. We grow fearful
of poverty, of loneliness, of trustint
any one, and we are so afraid of bo
ing seen talklng with a person who is
not in our set that we have devel
oped into snobs.
'Jesloursy makes a woman ungra
ious, sour and snippy. This sin is
the root of all the mean little trlcks
two old men, over st~aty, and a boy of
twrelve, sleeping on the vessel at the
time. They were suddenly awakened,
they say, by a fearful clatter of chaiSt
in the hold, and all the plates and
bus- began to perform an eceetrie
lance. Before the occupeants were able
to aecertain what was going on they
were nearly smothered by an ineom
lag estalmet of coaL
Shortl after the "spirits" were
gatin in the ascendant Sign8por do
iegri, a Genoese shipbdider, who
w- the bsaUtne, sent posthste
ONE FURNACE HEATS TOWN
Houses at Mexico Are Warmed With
Steam From Mains Under
Mexico, Mo.-This town, with a pop
ulation of 7.000. has a system of heat
ing which is found generally only in
big cities-a system of heating from
steam mains laid under the streets.
The steam is one of the by-prod
ucts of the Mexico power plant, which
supplies gas, water and electric light
and its use has made it unnecessary
for the resident of Mexico to worry
about the fuel problem. He does not
need to get up early in the morning
to remove the ashes from the furnace;
he need not worry about a gas supply.
All he has to do is turn on the steam.
Practically all the business build
ings on the town square are heated
by the system. And in addition to be
ing more convenient than the old sys
tem of furnaces, it is a good deal
The power company started the
heating system as an experiment; now
it is unable to lay mains fast enough
to satisfy the people of Mexico. The
residents in all parts of the town are
clamoring for the extension of the
The company now has between one
and a half and two miles of steam
mains and is building more as fast
as possible. It is an expensive pro
cess, for the steam pipes are laid in
a concrete base and must be protect
ed by a layer of asbestos. But the
cost of operation, once the mains are
laid, is very slight, and the charge to
the consumer is far less than that en
tailed by individual furnaces with coal
TOLD TO DIG; NOW HAS $500
Californian Obeys Strange Message
by Post to His Advantage-Sent by
Dead Man's Executor.
Mayfield, Cal.-"Go to the Bald Peak
and wait until the setting sun casts
the shadow of the dead redwood; then
dig where the shade ends."
These were the directions received
by Steve Perkins, a wood chopper of
the Alpine district Now he is richer
by $50 ) because he obeyed Instrue
tions. Twenty years ago Perkins saved
the life of Nathan Comstock. an ec
centric resident of Woodside, and a
letter posted recently was written by
Mr. Comstock, who died 16 years ago.
Perkins believes that the letter was
sent by the executor of Comstock's es
NS OF WOMEN
women play. Envy makes a woman
sneaking. When envy gets a strong
hold on her it ruins her claims to
"Revenge develops the dangerous
woman. It makes you say to yourself
when you see her. 'Beware of that
creature.' Although I have included
lust in the list of seven deadly si~a.
it really isn't one of which many of
us are guilty."
"OUTLAW" HORSE IS KILLED
Gray Eagie Dashes Out Braine en
Curbetone Trying to Unseat
Los Angeles.-An "outlaw" to the
last, Gray Eagle, notorious as an un
tamable cow pony and vietor over
many daring bronco busters, met
death yesterday n his efforts to un
seat Arthur Scents, an 18-yearold
The horse sMpped and fell daring
the furious battle for mastery, and
dashed out its brains against a stone
curb. Schuets sustatined a fractured
skull in the tall.
Gray Eagle had been the mainstay
of "wild west" and morving-plctare
shows for years, and there is no re
ord of his having ever been mastered
by any rider.
for the carabinierl, but the mliltary po
liee had scarcely begun their night
watch, loaded revolvers tin hand,.
when they were hit on the head with
an inlvisible shovel.
The report adds that the spirits pro
longed their pranks, in the presence
of many witnesses, smashing and
overturning everything in the vessel
from stern to ster.
It can be said of every rleh man
that he did not make his moone ralS
a Asngora mats
Union of America
tie Pressive Asricaribt
Diversified farming and intensified
thinking go hand in hand.
Take a good second thought before
accepting a gift from an enemy.
Let us cut politics out for awhile
and give business the right of way.
When opportunity knocks, one must
have push enough to open the door.
Better farming means more profit
able farming, more homes, and better
Crop rotation is a sure cure for
plant disease, providing healthy seed
The state's business is the tax-pay
er's business, and it must be done in
The day of free men is coming just
as soon as men show their ability to
Better give the money to the lum
berman and feed dealer than to the
The man who has not learned when
to let go is apt to do' so while cross
Ing a mudhole.
To some men time and a five-cent
buckle or latch are of small value un
til after the catastrophe.
Teach the boys and girls to read
aloud, and let them read something
interesting aloud every night.
When you go away for a day don't
leave the hired man so many chores
to do that he will forget half of them.
It isn't what you haul to market
that makes old age easy; it is the
amount of nickels you carry to the
Feeding the dog sour corn-bread is
sure to make him sick; and feeding
horses moldy or rotten corn will do
In the west, the young men and
young women have been educated
away from farm life, while now it
seems they are drifting back to farm
life without much education in that
NEED SMALL LAND HOLDERS
Tenancy and Isolation Disappear With
Their Attendant Train of 8o
(By E. C. BRANSON, President of
Georgia State Normal College.)
Every agency of rural betterment
becomes possible when instead of a
small number of large landowners
there is a large number of small land
owners, who occupy and till the
farms they own. Tenancy and isola
tion disappear with their attendant
train of social evils. Better farming
follows, along with better business
and better living on the farm. The
burdens of taxation are widely distrl
buted. The few do not feel that their
purses are milked by the tax-gatherer
for the benefit of the many. Commu
nity effort is easily centered upon bet
ter roads, better schools and better
And so, when .we are struggling in
our counties with all our might and
main for better home and school con
ditions, we are saying to the landless
man, "With all thy getting get land.
Multiplied home ownership is a bed
rock of safety for home, for commu
nity, and country. It is still possible
to get under your own vine and fig
tree. Good land is still cheap in the
south. Do not sin away your day of
We are saying to the owner of large
estates, "With all thy getting. get at
least the wisdom of Intelligent self
interest. 8ell small farms to likely
tenants at reasonable prices. Multi
ply the emall tarmers of your county
and increase the value of your remain
ing aeres. Put money in your pure
meanwhile, if you will; but consider
the poor and lowly and leave a place
in the earth for them. Farm your own
land. Consider the present, and ap
parently the permanent, high-prlces
of farm prodacts. Invest liberally in
the means and agencies of community
progress. The return to you is in
evitably greater than the outlay.
Pens for Hogs.
Hogs of all ages and sizesa requlre
comfortable sleeping places to reallse
for their owners full benefit of food
consumed. This applies more espe
claly to their accommodations from
fall antil spring. Stock of all hinds
are more sensitive to cold winds and
wet surroundilsnp than many persons
realise. Make them comfortable, so
they will not pile one on top of ana
other for warmth. This is unhealthy.
The under ones get sweaty and com
ing in contact with the cool air will
develop pneumonia, which is as fatal
as any disease ever found in a herd
of young pigs. This same condition
and disease occurs to older swine
sleeping in manure piles in barnyards
and often is erroneously called swine
plague or cholera.
Cotton Seed Industry.
The growth of the cotton seed
crushinl industry tin this country is
shown by the statement that In 1911
more than 70 per cent of the total
production of cotton seed was crush.
ed, as compared with 68 per cent ten
years eurller (1901n); 40 per cent in
1896; 25 per cent in 1891, and 12 per
cenmt in 1881.
Let us get over the idea that fer
tulsmrm mare merely stimulants. They
are no more stimalants than bread
bis to a hungry man, but are to plants
euactly what food is to any animal.
Good of Rotation.
Generally, rotation of eropm in
ereases the amonat of humus, the in
rease beas sreatest when clever is
SOLUTION OF FARM
To Avoid Centralization of p
Business Co-Operative M
ment Must Prevail.
The co-operative movement
prevail if we are to avoid th
tralization of the farming b
the hands of large land ownes,
the introduction of tenantry
I"arming cannot escape the a i
the natural laws of business tºe
compelled the formation of the
ed "trusts." The time may he je
when farming will be highly
ized, but the current sets in g
ruction, and the only alternae
the big farm privately owned a
by tenants or hired men is %1
farm owned by men in commtg
ting into operation the same g
tive labor-saving methods, am
Farm. Stock and Home. The
set up the counter-current thg
enable the small farmer to
his independence under the in
value of land and cost of p
is now, rather than after that
pendence has once been lost, a
been the case in Denmark and
Co-operation offers efficieney
larger net returns in exchange
fancied personal independenca
is well illustrated by the case (
creameries vs. the home butter
er. A neighborhood can join
and make. a product of even
can market that product with
profit, and can gain In other
giving up something of its
rights. And wherever this
done, wherever the neighborhoo
is more effective than the family
co-operation has a field of
and should be entered into u a
ter of business sense.
The field for such effective
zation is large. It covers as
ranges of production, including
grain and live stock. Seed testis
shippers' associations all have
place, and a highly profitable
the business is handled in a
manner. In all probability we 4
in future expand the sphere of
operative effort within the na
hood circle to include many
things still held jealously is
home, though not with good
reason, such as baking, washing,
the like. It is not likely that we
find it profitable to go outsie
lines of farming, and as farmms s
to run stores, and banks, and 1
yards. Isolated cases of success .I
be cited, but when the farmer
his direct line of business, 1
though he may succeed, he is set
vancing the interests of agricultte
The place where co-operation
most likely to fail is in not
ing this limitation, and in tryle
accomplish an Industrial monopely
fore it has mastered the poesi
of the agricultural field. Ser
tempts, having as their immedias
ject the ousting from busiaes
some man in the community, a
worthy the name they bear. sam
ing based on prejudice and
rather than 'upon the underlytag r
ciples of business and social seed
makes real cooperation posible,
are bound to fall, sooner or laes.
In order to make the best sed
oooperative movement we
study its purpose, and
tempt only those things that
done without injury to other
Nor will it profit one orgasailh
attempt several things at the
time. The old adage about toy
irons in the the applies to the
erative organization as well as fl
dividual. Do one thing and d B
If another thing need doing
than the individuals in the
hood can accomplish It, aetlag
let those interested orgapm -
that thing cooperatively. Keep
closest possible working uns
tween the various cooperetive
and let them act if possible u
general organisation, but do
tempt to carry dead weight is
form of men not lInterested 8
Cooperation will solve our
and social troubles to the ere
we accept it uas a new way f
things. and give over to it our m
dividual outworn ways. Its
its success to accomplish for -
ter things than we have
for ourselves depends upon rus
mere. Properly used it will
in more ways than the ina.esi.
by startlng the cooperative
hood in our time we are layiqt
and solid and secure, the
upon which our childrem maN
institutions of social democmra
the passing of time and the
of new forces into the busie
agricultural world will leave
No spray material has bees
of great value tn the control o
agus rust. The only practlel
that has yet been found
to cut the tops In the fall aft
roots are well developed, and
many of the brownish leaves
dropped. Although the tops
hauled to the barnyard usnW
manure is to be used on the
gas, the safer practice is is
them. It is exceedingly lI
that this matter be attended .
order to avoid increased losa
For Laying Hens.
A splendid mixture for Iayia
is equal parts of cracked cora.
and oats. which should be
In the ltter so that the birds -
compeled to take exercise by
aing for it
Never send a fowl to mart
has a full crop
Dry picked poultry will st
shipments than those that
Bone Is Necessary.
Bone fed in some shape i
lutely necessary for the bens, e
cannot be prodned withoot
genus material. -
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