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e ý s
T HE difference in time between
St. Petersburg and Berlin is ex
actly 61 minutes, but the kind
of time you have there depends
entirely on what you want,
Karl R. Kitchen writes in the World's
St. Petersburg presents greater con
trasts in its life -than any city in Eu
rope. There is no middle class, which
means you can dine well for 60 or 70
kopecks (30 or 35 cents) or for 20 to
30 rubles ($10 or $15). The 60 kopeck
diner never gets into the 30 ruble
place, as he sometimes does in New
York-or in Berlin for that matter.
The "Hallroom Boys" kind of sport
does not exist in the czar's capital.
The result is that Petersburg (no
one in Russia ever says St. Peters
burg) has the most elegant and cer
tainly most costly night life in the
world. It is impossible for pikers to
pike in its gay restaurants, which, by
the way, do not open until 11 p. m.
Even the possession of a bank roll, the
usual qualification for admission to
sanctuaries of pleasure, does not al
ways sufice here. Birth and social po
sition come before everything else in
the city on the Neva.
In Petersburg it is not fashionable
to "dine out," as it is in New York. If
you have a letter of introduction to a
Russian, it matters not whether he is
an aristocrat or a merchant, you will
be invited to his home at 6:30. I had
a very diffcult time persuading my
Petersburg host to take dinner at a
restaurant. It was not until I had
been at his house three times that he
consented to dine with me at Nemen
ehinsky's Just off the Nevsky Pros-'
We arrived there early, for we had
tickets for the ballet at the Marinsky
opera, which, like every other theatri
eal entertainment in this city, begins
at eight sharp. After we had shed our
wraps we proceeded to the buffet,
where instead of a bartender was a
waiter who served up a dosen differ
eat kinds of sakuses, as the hors
d'euvree are called.
Sumptuous Menu of Russian MeaL
A plckled mushroom or a gob of
eaviar replaces the cocktail in Russia.
a ,N 4 F A t' r < y A G . ý t 11
PLA=CL D ~ Lw a4
3ass as as is not uncommon to
three or four cocktails before
diaer on Broadway, so It is not un
eal for a Russian to eat ten or At
ae different kinds of hors d'oeuvres
djehr. It may be added that caviar
at Nemenchlnaky's does not taste like
bird shot pickled in hair oiL
In the main dining room a big bala.
baikh orchestra is playing. No, it is
mot rattimn It is Tschaikowsky's
We order the table d'hote dinner.
Almost immediately we are served
with borshtchvok, a beet soup, into
which we place heaping teaspoonfuls
at sour cream. Presh water fish from
Iake ladoga come next, followed by
roast beet sliced in our presence from
Luge barons of Caucasan beef. Wild
reast turkey with huge roasted chest
eCts I the next course, washed down
wflth wl ine from the Crimea.
dtg1' we have a compote of
iSte *gdt. covered with cream so
rich that it could almost stand alone.
The service is so perfect that I com
pmenated the waiter. He does not
FREIGHTERS TO BE LARGER
Cage-Carrying Ocean Vessels Will
Keep Pace With the Giant
The sise of both passenger and
reight steamers Is steadily increas
-ag, and, according to present Indica
tions, there is no telling to what size
these monsters of the sea will attain.
.The passenger ship is now a floating
elty hotel skyscraper, even to the ele
vator system, and now that eminent
experts In such matterp have decired
that the increase in sise of frelght
arriers is ae-ompanled by a corre
pendlag reduction of the cost of op
:-`-etI, we confidently may look for
wad to the building of monster
aebs. the Assoclation of Civil En
gNes. recently, Alexander Gracle
iaet btward these interesting fig
si-g: A carge vssel 400 fet long
w 2lag 5,7W tems will carr
wsie od eara u0 Sle on a Il
at aN tems as e aL iaeh
11011 d ae »
understand my German, but my Peters
burg friend explains the cause of this
Nemenchinsky's is a co-operative
restaurant. Its 350 waiters and cooks
are all shareholders. They try to
please, for they want us to dine there
again. So, autocratic Russia takes the
lead in a new democratic enterprise.
The check is only three rubles
($1.50), plus one ruble (50 cents) for
the wine! Nemenchinsky's, although
a first class dining place, is very
cheap. Aristocrats never go there. It
was my Petersburg friend's first visit.
We were the only diners in evening
It is a far ery'from Nemenchinsky's
to the Marinsky opera house. The
Marineky is the home of the imperial
Russian ballet and the imperial opera.
Getting a ticket for a Caruso night at
our Metropolitan is like taking candy
from a blind child compared with get
ting a seat at the Marinsky. The tick
ets, which are ten rubles ($5) each.
are nearly all in the hands of aristo
cratic families who have had the same
places for generations. On Sunday
and Wednesday nights, when the im
perial ballet appears, the best seats
often bring 50 and 100 rubles apiece.
To pay 500 rubles for a box is quite
the ordinary thing when a new ballet
is to be given.
The Marinsky opera house is not as
large as otfr Metropolitan; it is not as
beatiful as the Paris opera, but its
audience on a ballet night is the most
brilliant in the world. The jewels and
costly furs worn by the women make
I even our Diamond Horseshoe sink in
to insignificance. Fully one-third of
the men are in gorgeous uniforms.
The others, of course, are in evening
Even for beauty it would be hard to
surpass the feminine part of a Ma
rinsky audience. That, however, is a
matter of taste. The brilliant picture
A Dozen Pavlova's Appear.
The ballet tonight Is Tschalkowsky's
"Sleeping Beauty." It is glorious be
yond description. A dozen Pavlovas
are on the great stage. One hundred
and ten musicians are in the orches
Stra. New York critics have praised
the Russian ballet at the Metropolitan.
In its home there is nothing to com
B pare with it in the whole world.
It Is now 11 o'clock. The ballet is
r over and we emerge from the warm
S opera house to And it snowing--the 1
first snow of the season. Most people
forget-if they ever knew-that Pe. 1
I tersburg has about the same climate 1
Sas London. Deep snow, troikas and i
other such things exist only in novels
of Petersburg life written by "hacks"
I who never lived there.
Petersburg is as up to date as any
I ity in Europe. And it is Ia big,
roomy taxicab we leave the opera for
the Aquarium. Twenty kopecks a
verst is the charge in Petersburg. as
I two versts are considerably more than
a mile, it will be seen that the rates
are very low. In 15 minutes we arrive
a- t the Aquarium, the largest and
f smartest aftertheater estjblishment
in the capital. Why it is so named
nobody knows, unless, perhaps, it is
because the people who visit it drink
t like fish.
92% tons of structural material and
12% tons of coal per voyage.
In a vessel 500 feet long, weigh
ing 8,700 tons, each 100 tons of cargo
will require only 77% tons of ship
and eight tons of fuel.
Cabbage Patch Artist.
The German art world is discussing
the newly discovered genius of a
i sixty-six-yearld landscape painter,
Herr Karl Hagemeister, whose works
have been found to be of such worth
that the Prussian Royal academy has
recommended the kaiser to confer on
him the coveted title of "professor."
Herr Hageder on the Havel, a suburb
of Berlin, famed for, its cherry blos.
soms. He was the son of a vegetable 4
grower, and he himself has spent I
most of his life among the cabbage I
and cauliflower patches. His pictures I
are of the homely scenes of German I
"What do you consider the moast
Ises thing in the warld?" a
"Using the hiehr a the gmoom at
CONGRESSMAN FROM LOUISIANA
WOULD SEPARATE WHITE
AND NEGRO CLERKS.
Western Ncw.paper rnion N,,ws aervtCe.
Washington.-Segregation of the
white and negro races in government
employ was urged upon a house com
mittee by tRepresentative Aswell of
Louisiana. ile said there are 490,/000
t. federal employes in the 'United States,
a of ~hllom 22,.,110 are negroes and that
13.60,1 railway postottice clerks had
e petitioned to be segregated in the
amail cars throughout the country and
0 in the executive departments of Wash
e Ills argument was interrupted by
colloquies in which he contended that
members of Congress would not care
r to sit with negro colleagues, that no
one would care to have a negro presi
t dent. and that the best negroes in
L the South and elsewhere favor segre
Representatives Edwards of Georgia
a declared it would he better for both
e races if white and negro workers were
ll eparated and that he would elimina'e
L. the negro government employe entire
it ly if he could.
y Archibald if. Ghimke. negro. repre
t- senting the National Association for
i. the Advancement of the Colored Race,
1. predicted that the negro race would
- he part of the governing class in this
e country within 50 years.
Y Representative Madden of Illinois
1- asserted that the segregation plans
were discriminatory and unconstitu
e (Give the colored man a chance."
argued Ghimke. "If he can rise, let
him get up. If he cannot rise, let him
sink. The colored people are not
going to be your equals, if God did
Srot make them so. The laws of
d nature settle that. Each should be
e given an equal show and the best
man should win."
It is a monstrous outrage that any
white woman or man should be a sub
g ordinate of a negro official," protested
Representative Dies of Texas.
o "It may be that executive authority
can segregate the races now." said
a Representative Aswell. "but I think
e Congress should settle the question
for generations to come."
Representative Madden declared ne
gro employes are citizens of the U'nit
ed States pay taves, are amenable
to laws and should not be "discrimin
A ated against."
NO MORE NEGRO MARDI GRAS
Baton Rouge Mayor Puts Ban on the
Annual King Dodo Parade.
Western Newspaper 'nion Vews ehrImt..
Baton Rouge.-There won' be any
more Mardi Gras parades in . Baton
Rouge among the negro population.
A lot of good people in this city
didn't like the last one, received no in
spiration from it and felt more or less
outraged at the whole performance.
Among those people was Alex Grouchy
Jr., mayor of Baton Rouge. Here is
what he thinks about it:
"The motley mob which has appear
ed on the streets as a Mardi Gras cele
bration for the last few years has fail
er utterly to indicate improvement in
any way and offering neither instruc
tion, atmusement nor any redeeming
"Baton Rouge can well afford to dis
pense with any such celebrations and
a repetition of the annual King Dodo
parade will not be tolerated."
A pall of gloom-dark, black gloom
-bovers over the colored section of
the city. Ex-Klng Toots Johnston Is
too dlshearted for words, crestfallen,
defeated. Hadn't he just succeeded
Joe Diagree, who, with the aid of the
police court, had fled the city? Hadn't
he and his followers gone to great ex
d pense and trouble to give the people
Sof Baton Rouge an amusing, artistic
Sand attractive parade?
Toots, rigged out as a FijI Island
a chief, led the last parade of several
* floats through the principal streets of
a the city. He was followed by several
e hundred noisy maskers. The canna
t halistic costume of the king, with nose
e rings, bells on his toes, a gleaming
I spear and tropical garb, was a little
a too realistic to some of the spectators.
Asks Appeal In Gambling Case.
V Lafayette.-Rev. H. R. Harrison of
* the Methodist church, read at bhis
r morning service a petition to the city
council and mayor, playing that an
Sappeal be taken in the antigambling
case. City Judge Elliott recently deo
dclared the ordinance null, while
the council voted to appeal on the
t grounds that local attorneys were di
A vided in opinion on the question, and
that such a step would entail expense
k to the town. Rev. Harrison's congre
gation signed the petition.
Monroe May install New Markets.
Monroe.-At a meeting of the city
council plans were set on foot for the
establishment of three small market
houses in various parts of the city with
the double view of reducing the price
of meat and affording greater conven
ience to housekeepers. The plan sug
gested ,by Mayor Forsythe was the
1stablishment of a market in the upper
)art of town, one on the southside
and another in the eastern part of the
Scitl. Action on the matter was left
I h the public buialldings committee,
In the Refrigerater.
b lr those of us who wir never be
educated into keepings hesma b,
a esallower and other tfoeds with a
Sstrmag odor out of the reftgmlator,
a the anez t thing s to keep a sep
a lY St padraasted bgs ean had to
Srltp omr either the streag m or
these whh are to be wag tsl
Pa Sle e@s eThreJ
"pa, what M sealtes -seasem
slip?" "BlM~a a dim n- thea mea
lp who ve it ' a esr
seaLess-Y~r- esss Whee eem
Fobxrt H. Houit
1 v O~fFfAR
4 --,-I--.-.--. .- -:·
PERMANENT winter refuge of 2,000d
acres of land on the east side ofof A, %Y L X , t d~ _
Jackson's Hole, in Wyoming, to
care for a herd of 25,000 elk has btcauci of the bodies of dad
just been arranged by the depart- obThe elk would first eat th
ment of agriculture. It is expected Thclear of all food, then trn the
that enough bay will be raised on coarse sticks and barks, al
this tract to feed the entire herd. coarse scks and barks, ul
The price of the land ranged fromn many places they wouldfn
$50 to $52 an acre. The govern- When all these sources of t
ment was forced to adopt this such t may be caled-w
plan to prevent the elk in the west from going the hasuch t may be calledually
way of the buffalo to extinction. >gin to lose their vitality, spirit
It is estimated that fully 50,000 elk winter in the o losendurance. Then, reduced by
Jackson's Hole country, a large area south of the ger until too weak to follow
Yellowstone Natdbnal park. The elk scatter dur- herd, they would drop don
ing the summer months, many of them grazing in some rock or brush, to either
the park, but as winter approaches they converge to carnivorou
toward their old winter quarters. These quarters come a misrey rablevoros
were ample before the AR 'f 2 %2 j Vr-///$U ,M'/J& t a01t7. ' mals or die a miserable de"I
homesteader cambefore theo . a, 7F starvation.
homesteader came to It is estimated that the vales
fence the lands. The ." elk to the region of Jackson Hole lsequale
elrch would fee on the r· revenue derived from stock raising in that
rleys inr the afall, work trict. The amount of money which the
up on the sheltered " bring into the country is very large.
hillsides in the winter hunting parties are attracted thither
and when necessity year, being allowed to kill a limited number
urged descend to the elk under certain restrictions. Hunters
cree ks and browse obliged to hire guides, packers, cooks sa
among the young wil- animals and to buy considerable qunattit
tlows and other folisage .-., . ".food supplies. The average dally expemne
until the spring grass . person hunting in that region is at lit
came. l. Thus a thirty days' trip would cost each
The homesteader's . resident $420, all of which is spent in the
Tence has made this im- ity of the hunting grounds.
possible now, and etch.. About 2,000 elk are killed each year by
e ar essensd h h There is considerable poaching, I. e., lgl
amount ol open range Ing of the animals, by men who freqst
The result is that dre- "f"fD W yMI"PRAArq `r WJZ1gY Gro.W even reside in the Jackson Hole regiloa r
spite the large amount of feed that has been fur- and other birds, and their eyes were picked out, sake of making their living wholly or is part
nished them by the state of Wyoming, each winter in many cases before the elk were dead. game. The law-breakers regard the elk u
has seen an enormous death loss of this fast-disap- The conditions which led up to the government's natural prey. But the lowest tn the soat e
pearing game animal, recent action have existed for more than ten the enemies of the elk
Driven to desperation from hunger, the elk years, but the state of Wyoming seemed unable, human brute who bor the sake of gaintsg
would break down the strongest barbed wire single handed, to cope with the situation. The or two kills the noble creatures, and ta
fence surrounding a haystack, and during a por- tender-hearted ranchmen of the Jackson Hole their tusks, leaves the carcasses bto ot
tion of the winter the settlers were forced to country have helped to the full extent of their cover of the maler in he forwards his booty
guard their hay night and day. The elk have been ability, feeding to the starving elk gs much as tected to dealers in the titles, who disp a
known to mount upon the fallen bodies of their they could spare from their private stores of hay to thoughtless purcbasers.
companions, and thus climb to the top of a and fodder without putting their own stock on ex- The government's present work so elk
thatched roof shed, where they would voraciously tremely short allowance. But with all this, it is tion is unique. Had similar measures
devour the rotten hay or straw used as a roof cov- estimated that fully 5,000 elk died of starvation dertaken in behalf of thebuffao, the ss
ering. each year. not now be mourning the almost total me
The scenes in the elk region of Wyoming during According to Mr. S. N. Iock, a prominent those animals, which at one time Wi t
the last two years are described as heart-rending. ranchman of the Jackson Hole district and for- more numerous in the west than an
The starving elk, driven to the lowlands by the mer state senator, who has made a special study today.
high snows in the mountains, found most of the of the conditions surrounding the elk in that part
range fenced in by ranchers. In many cases they of the country, since 1903 about 75 per cent. of the HEADLINER.
broke down fences and demolished the hay- adult elk have perished of starvation each winter.
stacks of the ranchers. They ate, the willows He states that he has counted as many as 1,000 "My blase son has managed to get up KNU
along the streams, and gradually grew weaker and dead elk within a radius of half a mile, and that thusiasm over the opening of the Panama
weaker, and finally sunk down to die in the snow. on several occasions when driving through the "Yes; he admits he never saw anythiM
Immediately they were pounced upon by magpies country he has been forced to turn out of his way than that in vaudeville."
-==-f = • ._ - -- , .: • w
uI I~ _ _ -IUw-,, - "II Eu --.
CHANGING SOCIAL HABITS
In comparing the habits and manners of the present day with those of the are being taught thrift in a hard school-that the chancellor of a
paest It seems to me that the most striking thing is the great change that has chequer. If we deduct ff~m their apparently large incomes the u5b
taken place in our economic and financial conditions. The poor of today are prior claims on them that have to be met before the free margin is
a different race from the poor of 50 or even 30 years ago. They earn a great it will be found in many cases that comparatively little remains e .
deal more money and, though they get less for it in solid comfort and well riotous living or vulgar show. Besides, it must be remembered tlI
being, they spend it in a much greater variety of ways. Neither are the rich modern Croesus is often a business man who can reinvest his annual
of today the same as the rich of 50 years ago. Large numbers of the latter- to much better advantage than in 20-guinea banquets at the Hotel Ced.
the landed gentry, for instance-have taken a back seat, if they have not ac- The champion spendthrifts of today are not the owners of motor MI
tually disappeared. The new rich who have pushed them out are introducing motor yachts; they are the railway and the shipping companies. A
Ideas, habits and manners of their own. Consequently the luxury of today has train de luxe, with its crew of chefs, barbers and ladies' maids, wastms
little in common with the luxury of 50 years ago. It spends its money in more money in the course of a year than the most extravagant millionair
selfish and ostentatious ways. is tenfold more luxury on the latest Atlantic liners than will be found is
Instead of the manor house, with its crowd of hereditary retainers, we half dozen palaces tn the country.
have now the fashionable hotel, with its army of liveried waiters and chauf- From a careful comparison of the proportions of available inco-s
feurs, W. K. Lawson writes in the London Morning Post. In 14 of these estab. on superfluities, the workingman will sometimes come out higher thea
lishments there was spent last year £2,682,000-nearly two and three-quarter dukes. His glass of beer, his tobacco, his little bets, his evening PmI,
millions sterling. This is the essence of present day luxury, and those who picture shows, his football matches, his seaside trips and his other etrl
consider it extravagant may console themselves with the thought that foreign- up a large percentage of the weekly wage, even of a well-to4d artlo ,
ers contributed much more to it than British born prodigals. Our American one grudges him either his comforts or his recreations, but at the am
visitors boast very truly that we have them to thank for these sybarite it cannot be ignored that they form a large item in the sum total'
caravansaries. They called for them and have all along been their chief sup- national outlqr on superfiuitles.
porters, paying without question most extravagant charges. Another significant feature of modern luxury is to be found is tr
In other ways the Americans have been the pioneers of modern luxury. An that the leading millionaires of the day are the reverse of extra
inquiry which is now going on in the United States as to the annual expendi- Neither have they made their millions by pandering to the luxurious
ture of American tourists in Europe indicates that it is little, it any, short of the rich. Nearly all of them cater specially for the working and the
$200,000,000, or £40,000,000. Our Canadian, Australian, French, German and classes. They are purveyors of beer, cocoa, soap, patent medicines sad
other foreign visitors are also free spenders, so much so that ministering to light literature to the multitude. If ours be an extravagant age, its
their luxurious tastes has become one of the most profitable of London's indus- agance has at least the redeeming quality of being democratic. re
tries. On the other hand, the corresponding class of our own people are prob- was never more widespread than it is today. From cabinet minliM
ably spending less rather than more on themselves than they used to do. They socialist lecturers there are all degrees and shades of It.
TRIAL MEAL FOR NEWLYWEDS
A writer in the New York Tribune hovers over the repast will constitute
suggests a trial breakfast instead of a a visloo of the future, that will re
honeymoon to test the wisdom of a veal far more than honeymoons,
matrimonial match, remarks the Co- dances and receptions, the kind of
lumbus (0.) State JournaL Let the marriage that has taken place. For
pair go off to their home, prepared after all it is not the fashion, the
for them, after the wedlock ceremony, dress, the romance, the pleasure seek.
and then in the morning let the bride ing that will last and become a rich
get up and get breakfast. How the ornament of life-it is the grace, the
gs, toast and cofee ero pulced on simple taste, the loving behavior that
the tabes sad the sat of spirit that adorns the met breakfast prepared by
the bride that will hold sway during
the future career of the hopeful twain.
It is the virtue of the heart that will
make the joy of the wedding last for
Sabbath breaking in Dundee was an
expensive business in former times, to
Judge by the table of fines,. etc., drawn
up by the local Guild of Bonnetmakrs
In 1666, the London Chronicle ob
serves. For traveling or drinking in a
tavern 8unday the fne was fixed at
40s for each offense. P
out bonnets, clothing or fsh to W
penalty for bonnets, 6s 8d; fir
4.; for flsh, 3s. Carry17ing
the well or washing most tho
time of sermon, penalty IM; -
ing kale in time of sermon.
5o; going to neighbors' hosws
of sermon without lawful 0cUI
as sickness, penalty for rt f*5t
and for second twice as o
rebuke before the cnrt, s
third, summons before t