Newspaper Page Text
The Lower Coast Gazette.
DEVOTED TO THE INTERESTS OF THE LOWER COAST: AGRICULTURE, HORTICULTURE, FISHERIES AND COMMERCE.
VOLUME I. POINTE-A-LA-IIACIIE, LA., SATURDAY, JANUARY 23, 1909. NUMBER 4.
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Weevil Does Not Hibernate.
Shreveport.--While dliscussing the
probable effectrs (of the present cold
snap upon the "hibernated" boll wee
vii, Captain W. B. Marslon, Prezi:ehnt
of the North Louisiana Cotton Plant
ers' Association, and former member
of the Louisi;ana Crop Pest Comuis
sion, declared there is no such thing
as a "hibernated'" boil weevil. Iic
"There never was such a thing as a
hibernated boll weevil. This is the
greatest nmistake the ent:)mologists
have made. The boll weevil is a tropi.
cal bug and its daddies and mammies
never knew what winter was. The
boll worm hibernates and goes into the
ground and stays all winter and comes
out with the warm days of spring.
The boll weevil is like a house fly
or" mosquito, or a partridge, or dove-
It takes shelter in bad weather only.
You can find the boll weevil out in
Texas and this State any warm day
in winter, feeding and drinking any
thing they can find, and they don't
'emerge' as late as June. The
Keatchie demonstrations, upon which
the entomologists base their conten
tions, proved that the weevil emerged
(?) as late as june; the truth is the,
were in those cages, but some of thex
were possibly not found until Junt
Early in the year they found a lo
of 'emerged' weev:ls and marked them
with red ink, and these same weevils
'emerged' again very much later in
the year. That the winter weevil
will survive until June'is true, for I
myself have carried them until the
18th of June, but I watered and fed
thegn from the 10th day of March onI
tton, Bermuda grass, etc.,. the
toe" to the contrary notwithstand
'-' C" UCTOR HARRISON KILLED.
11 on the IcS,at Monroe and Falls
S Beneath Wheels.
roe.'- W.L. Harrison, one of
th best-known passenger conductors
o the Vicksburg, Shreeeport and
P c Railroad, running between
burg and Shreveport, was run
o by his own train here and badly
led, from the effects of which he
in about an hour. Both legs
cut off near the body and he
badly bruiser otherwise. As his
caule into the passenger depot
he jumped off before it stopped.
depot platform was covered with
and sleet, causing him to slip
fall under the wheels of one of
i Planters Warn Labor Agents.
Iexander.--'Tbe farmers and plant
of this vicinity held an indigna
S ameeting and passed a resolution
trig labor' agents to desist their
'eratfons in enticing negroes away
.r ,the plantations to Arkansas and
Cottaig Destroyed by Fire.
Sezaandria--Fnur cottages in the
' .pre Addition of this city were
med and the occupants lost every
f !a that they possessed. The houses
' outside of the limits of the city E
.., ,,were not within reach' of the l
rg- wrks. A heavy north wind
Sdthe buninlg fragments of the
mld~ half way across the west
rt-et'10 of the clt and endanger- I
t]i large plant of the Red River
I, oinmpay and seed warehouses,
'Itk' were fn the track of the gale.
other fire alarm were sounded c
£ the aight from other portions t
f the city.
Will Diverslfy Crops.
.FWasblngton.--Mr. Jofirlon, an ex- *
o rlO th potato culture, of Rapides e
?a"tsh,, addressqd a well-attended r
-penlug of farmers and citizens of l
,t town at ,the Ploasky Opera House t
~fV ayn ago. The formers were t
vo ib Impressed and will doubt- t
(I. tae the good advice offered and ,
1.iW~ ietivate a few acres of Irish j,
I*o~~* thie~tomlng seam0. This' ii
tii.le promise of good deal of i
iug'u~ caine that wil} be planted, will
j. i ethe much-needed diversification
~i ~:jw~i pe, an4rpwUI in a great measure,
~t4Ekoirime ~tlsEetects of the boll wneevil, t]
YK; ?-usa4Mvesl/evd~td.4iOaOtVtedd to RCLe.
i, .dane'fllle,--: new departure in the~t
, qltt~te ,ine Is to be strated at ane
* date. Joseph B. Perez, of Drey- tI
, has', cattacted with the 8
e"o the Ziauada and Auckland
sntst~lou to plant 1,000 acres of rice. ~
A htl ilbe- made at an early s
IY"~ preare the land, install the u
'an,;d lay off lateral ditches. et
-wili be Watched with consider- aj
:5ht.iteret, Trhoeas contemplating w
Sotton thIs year are doing T
. grave fear of, the results, w
ne" w . enture, proving pr! ei
, wil open .a new Aeld in the 0
ItWagic, , gi.
bis;:" ,Rog.-Mr . Favrot retires
FrC gree'sat the end Of the pres
i 1beo p, a while he haas madp -
>ubnonnPoaeuIrto his plansj 'i vi8',
'tht e wllmove to~ New g-a
*eaahad several, very (~e
*e.ra " tTog o tot dIferent li
, , ~a detao ine to considerr C
~ Lt4~i~srin I p femovd rom at
A~Z 'e-l~aiend be
FISHING CUT SHORT.
By an Error of a Date in Marston
New Orleans.-Over 6;, 0c) fishermeu
tlhrcughoiut the State will be affected
by the mistake of Senator Muarslon in
the ht'ilg an amendment passed to Act
ld No. 121 of 1896,, instead of Act No.
121 ef 1906, at the last session ,if the
ct Gmndlral Assembly, and no green
Int trout can be caught with hook or
ber line dtring the months of February,
March, April or up to May 15.
t'hcn Senator Marston passed his
e annerliment it was for the purprose of
allqwing green trout fishing through
sa out the year, which is prohibited by
the Act No. 121 of 1906, and through his
sts mitake in makling the amendment to
Act No. 121 of 1896, which does not
ies dea, with the fish or game laws in
'he the least, his amendment becomes
deal and forces the Game Commission
to enforce Act No. 121 of 1906, which
forlids the catching of green trout
fly durhg the months mentioned above.
Siecila Attorney Amos L. Ponder,
of tie Commission returned from Ba
in ton Rouge with the facts as related
lay abovi about the act, and the officers
of tie Game Commission stated that
n't they would see that the act of 1906
'he was enforced in every particular anti
ich eveq one caught with green trout
en- wou1 be arrested.
, Bones and Relics Found.
et :1e roe.-Representatives of the
nE P'hi:.Ilpihia Academy of Science now
lo loti it; for relics on a prehistoric race
emi of ,snd builders discovered a wagon
ils loan; of bones buried underneath a
in n, luing of shells in Captain A.
vil My.: a cotton field just back of the
SI st~,or The shells were underneath
he he, :rtust of earth, just below the
ed d('pt t of the plow. By the side of
on enit head was a small pot made of
he burnao clay. The skeletons were laid
Id-. ortti and south, or east and weat.
thea kgn of every one were crossed.
the rimains of men and women were
0, ike'n from the heap. A number of
Sises of different shapes were recov
II: ered, ill beautifully carved. Deputy
Sheriff Arthur Grant, who was down
of the river, brought back several
>rs small relics. He says the bones of
nd the eseletons were soft when first
en taken out, but soon hardened when
un the air-reached them. Mr. Grant says
Ily some d the vases are work of art,
he be:ag eautifully carved.
he To promote a Drainage System.
is Dlt¶-The Board of Levee Commis. I
ot sionkttof the Fifth Louisiana Levee
td. Dist tc met at Delta. Major Frank
*th M. $e , Cbief State Engineer, and
lip his aatant, Walter H. Hoffen, ap
of pearut ad discussed conditions. A I
resol, - was passed that President I
McC, n c~ll a mass meeting at t
an e- date at Tullah to consider
It- a tho, survey of a comprehensive
ta- drain;, system, and all police juries
on and c ouncils throughout the Fifth
Dir Distrl attend. Another resolution
&Y pledge he revenues of the Board
id for ; - and 1910 to procure
neces, funds for building, repairing
and e ged such levees as are
necessa A rule was made that per.
he sons Pwht ant to grow rice and cross
re the leve with a pipe or syphon must
Y apply t the President. President
es McClen report detailed the levee
LY and rev ent work now under way
le by the te and Government.
e W Large Attendance.
st Baton uge.--State Superintendent
ir- Harris i ending a letter to the parish
~school ra and also to the parish
s, superint ents regarding the meeting
e. of the artmet of Superintendents o
id of the lonal Educational Associa-i
1s tlon, w t is to be held in Chicago t
on Feb. 24 and 25, in the Auditor- I
turm H "t State Superintendent Har. I
ris is & ous that all of the parish c
- supeirS tt ents of Louisiana attend 2
8s this m' g, and he is writing them 1I
d re gardi it. 'He has also written
f to the WIh school boards urging a
Sthem assist the parish. supertn- o
e tendents paying their extpenses to a
t the me g, as he thinks that it t
d would B oney well spent and a good
h invesmt for the schools of the par- e
a ish for superintendent to attend t
t this c: i:\once.
n; Cr cta to be Made Boon.
, Batot ouge.-The contract with
I the bt that were selected a little
over t weeks ago by the State a
Board" - quidation as fiscal agents d
e will be i e in the near future. Gaovy.
' ernor e:.re has officially notified
I' these i i of their selection as fiscal
e agent has advised them to make n
d arran at for their bonds. The
- contr.n s 'these banks and the e:
Y State ioulsiana has been drawn P
e up and uitted to the Attorney Gen. f
• erals' for approval. When it is t1
Sapprovl 'd received the contracts l
I will be -' .ed by Governor Sanders. 4
I The th e New Orleans fical banks si
'. will ha- t, give a bond of $293,000 st
'- each, an ' tle, fiscal agent banks in the I
Scoluntr ptrishe.t will each have to P
give a 1 ,'i of 188,000. tl
B *Negro iayer Sent to Gallows.
' Tulhla Jim COller and Andrew
B Washiagt 4 neg roes, have been con- U
: victed ,of trde:"in. the first degree R
" at thin i o' the Ninth District a]
r Court,: 'al ~ lave been sentenced by
SJuiid~ge F. X Ra sdell to be' hanged.
r' Collier Iti it his father at Delta Pointi
:abuit t '? ars ago ln a most, brutal
:]ie, to n was captured while re- w
) 411m14 t" e some oflhis crime with
'tb: ,SYOW .arp.,se of killing his wife,
" .· hi
20 DIE WHEN TRAINS HIT
Fire Starts in Wreckage, But Extin
guished With Snow.
ted ,linter, (ol.--T enty persons lost
1, I1hir live, and blitween 40 and 60 oth
Act cr, wer injured, some fatally, in a
No. lead-on (oli,5ion bot wOI we'st btounttl
the Denver and li, (;4rande passener train
ee No. 5 and easthonndI double-header
or fr'-ight t.o. (i6, late Sunaay nighlt, 18
try, iiles tatt of ih'niwood Sprin, ., because
Gutstav OI.a \eteranl engilner of the
his eHyIvur, failed to obey, orders.
of The wreckage caught lire, and the
gh- holrror- of a Ihlol'east were otnly avert
bY el by tihe uninjured psseins, and meml
his hers of the train crews, who used shov
to els ard boards to throw snow upon tihe
lot tamies, putting them otut before they
in could cat their way through the debris
tea and eosu.w the dead and living. And,
to makllii matters worse, a second wreck
ich aoirured east of (;leniwood Springs, after
out the tirt relief train reached that city
with the injurred, marooning the second
relief train carrying other wreck vic
tumis and the bodies of nineteen dead,
for nearly ten hours.
,io6 CUBA LIBRE JANUARY 28.
3Ut Cubans to Be Given Second Chance
Havana.-On January 28 at noon the
Cuban people will come into their own
the for the second time at the hands of the
ow American government. It was on May
tee 20, 1902, that tlhe American flag, hoisted
;on after the war with Spain, was hauled
a down in favor of the blue-striped, single
A. starred ensign of Cuba.
th This republic, for which the Cubans
he vainly fought Spain for so many years,
of lasted little more than the period be
tween presidential elections in the
aid United States. In September, 1906, a
,;t, company of marines landed at the pal
ed, ace from the United States cruiser Den
are ver and halted a victorious revolutionary t
of army on the outskirts of Havana, and
ov. American intervention, which lirst came 1
ity against a foreign power, was once more
wn a reality, this time to set things right
ral among the Cubans themselves. -
rat TROUBLED OVER SALARIES
.r, Congresie Raised Own Salary, Why
Washington.-Congress is worried
over what to do with the salary ques
is- tion. The worriment of the statesmen
ee conies about in large part because, hav- 1
nh ing cheerfully voted to increase their
ud own salaries, and that not long enough
ip- ago to be out of the mind of the pub
A lie, senators and r'epresentatives cannot
int with any grace keep from doing some
at thing for their official brethren. 1
er Now along comes a variety of salary e
ve increase propositions that, if carried out,
es mean additional expenditures for the a
president, the speaker of the house, the
-d vice-president and the federal judges of a
r all descriptions. c
a The aggregate increase that would be
re carried if all these proposed provisions
4r for higher salaries go into effect amounts
a to over $4100,000. d
nt TAFT TALKS TO THE NEGROES "
1Y Black Man Must Make Himself In- e
Augusta, (a.-Introduced to a big au- a
t dience of men, cgmprising the negro Y. s
sb M. C. A. of this city, as "the most pop- U
h lar and conspicuous citizen of the United n
g States; America's greatest statesman,
t our uncrowned king, for whom we wish (
a a successful administration and a second p
o term," by the famnous Dr. Walker, t
,r known as the "Black Spurgeon," Mr. c
tr. Taft became greatly interested in dis- ti
h cussing the Christian uplift of Y. M. C.
Id A. work, and talked for an unusually
m long time to his enthusiastic listeners.
m Dr. Walker painted a bright present
ig and a brighter future for the negroes 8
- of Georgia, who owned, he said, a million
to acres of land in the State, and paid
Staxes on $20,000,000 worth of property. o
This report Mr. Taft regarded as most i
d encouraging; it gave him an illustra- p
tion for his oft-expressed belief that the f
race question must be settled by the d
negroes. making themselves indispensa- is
Sble to the community in which they pi
le lived. This meant industry, information
te and thrift,.only acquired by constant in- t,
t dividual effort. C
3,000 Houses to Be Built.
1 Washington.-An innovation in inter
national relief measures is to be under- ci
Staken by the American government in o
e expending the $800,000 in money appro
a priated for the Italian earthquake suf
. ferers. Realizing that great need among
is the sufferers will be shelter from the ele- a
s ments, President Roosevelt has decided
:. to send to Italy material for the con
e struction of 3,000 substantial but necs
O sa*'rily very modest frame house, supple- vi
ei menting this by supplying civilian car
:o penters to supervise the construction if
this can be arranged,
Whipped Judge Asks Damage.
Paducah, Ky.-Damages in the sum of
$50,000 are asked in a suit filed in the
United States Court here by C. W.
e Rucker of Metropolis, Ill., against 198
Salleged night riders of this section. The
Smajority of the defendants are promi- fl
neat in Western Kentucky. The plain
tiff was police judge of Eddyville, Ky,
when he claims the defendants called at la
b his home on the night of March 15,
1908, compelled him to walk barefooted CE
to thle Cumberland river in his night ti
clothes, w:here they unmercifully beat
him with clubs.
THE FATE OF THE NEW YEAR'S RESOLUTION
3Cramr SJ -ov
~w' LEAP. 9 1( 9 '2 -
rrE IEP 3tt*0AM Ap
AM. P! I*u SPA?
M5t L 6 'fIA
IE UP 44
THEY u DAY flop,
ýeý4f3C1T ( 3Tf.R " OMMI ýº
HOW COMMERCE FELL OFF
$400,000 to $500,000 Decrease
Through Atlantic Ports.
Washington.-Of the approximately
$300,000,000 reduction in our foreign
commerce in the calendar year 1908
when compared with that of the pre
ceding year, nearly $40,000,000 was in
the trade which was accustomed to pass
through Atlantic ports. This is the
statement made in a report just issued
by the Bureau of Statistics and Labor.
The falling off in the imports in the
case of the Mexican border ports, ac
cording to the report, is about 40 per
cent, and that of the gulf ports about
14 per cent, while the falling off in ex
ports from Mexican border ports is
about 33 per cent.
New Orleans fell off from $42,000,000
to $37,000,000 in imports and from
$137,000,000 in exports.
TAFT HONORED BY GEORGIANS
Makes Speech in Which He Bays
South Has Captured Him.
Atlanta, Ga.-President-elect Win. H.
Taft was in the cordial and hospitable
embrace of Georgia all day Friday.
Recognizing the climax of the varied
and continuous dem6nstrations in the
brilliant and imposing scene presented
at the banquet in the evening, he ex
claimed, with evidences of great feeling:
"I had hoped to win the South, but the
South has won me."
The banquet was the most ambitious
event of its kind the city has ever un
dertaken. Though participated in by
more than 500 of the city's representa
tive men, it was gloried in by the en
tire population. It and the preceding
eloquence of welcome extended to Mr.
Taft in his reception at the capital and
at the Piedmont Hotel, where he was
sought by thousands, constitute a bril
liant chapter in his record of achieve
ments south of Aason and Dixon's line.
A little bunch of violets, plucked from
the grave of Alexander Stephens and
presented by a grandniece of the dis
tinguished Georgian, touched a tender
cord and brought forth a warm tribute I
to the memory of Stephens.
RECORD FOR LITIGATION.
Standard Suit in New York Has
Cost Trust $4,000,000.
New York.-An unprecedented record '
of cost in a single suit and, a record of I
words of testimony never before ap
proached in la case, prosecuted by the
federal government were revealed Fri
day when the case, the object of which
is to dissolve, the. Standard Oil Com
pany of New Jersey, ended.
,The testiidony taken filled twenty
two printed books.- The Standard Oil
Company spent more than $4,000,000
to defend itself, and the federal govern
ment spent about the same amount in 1
prosecuting. Sixty-nine companies de
clared to be subsidiary to the Standard
Oil were involved in the suit.
Exactly 192 witnesses were called by t
the government and 140 by the defend
ant. The testimony consists of 4,500,
000 words, a greater number, perhaps,
than any ever taken in a trial by the
United States government of an indi
vidual or corporation. If all the testi
mony were printed and bound the vol
umes would be more than seven feet
REACTION AGAINST REFORM.
Texas Frmers Will Ask Reopening of g
Austin, Tex.-It is learned today that
the farmers of Texas have secured their
fill of the law that banished cotton ex- r
changes from the State, and they are a
going to come before the present legis-i
lature with a petition asking that the
law be repealed so that the cotton ex- t
changes can open again. It is claimed d4
that then farmers have lost $3,000,000 in 1
two years since the law went into ef- ,
F DE SAGAN HIVALS BONI.
me Iaking Effort to Best Count in
Matters of Fashion.
ly Paris.--Ielie de Sagan, in order ti
gn show that he is quite as worthy to be
,0S the husband of Anna Gould as Boni de
re- Castellane, has created two sensations
in this week. One was having judgment
ss pronounced against him for 650,000
he fracs due a money lender on a note
ed signed on November 29, 1907. So far
r. as the agents of the money lender know,
he the only property of De Sagan consists
c. of 100 new waistcoats. Tuesday he
cr visited a fashionable tailor's establish
ut ment in the Avenue Champs Elysees,
.x- and, taking up a book of samples, said:
is "Make me one of each."
There were exactly a hundred, of all
00 different designs.
Prince Helie 4ls not yet equaled his
predecessor, Count Boni, who one day
ordered 200 pairs of trousers.
S FIGHT ON SALARY INCREASES
Ps House May Show Opposition to In.
crease in President's Pay.
H Washington.-That the senate amend.
dle ments to the legislative, executive and
Y. judicial appropriation bill, increasing the
ed salary of the president to $100,000, of
he the vice-president and speaker of the
ed house of representatives to $20,000 each,
x- with an allowance for a carriage of
o: $5,000 each for the vice-president and
le speaker, are-not to be approved without
some opposition, was shown in the sen
as ate when Senator Borah of Idaho, first
.n- made a point of order against them as
y new legislation. Mr. Clay of Georgia,
a- also asked that all proposed increases
1- of salaries of judges, aggregating $328,
i 500, be dealt with in the same manner,
r. and they will' be discussed after the
id other portions of the bill have been dis.
s posed of.
: QUEEN LIL ASKS $250,000
n Claims American Marines Wrested
id Country From Her.
s- Washington.--After years of vain en
-r deavor to obtain compensation for the
Si loss of her kingdom, Lilioukalani, former
queen of the kingdom of Hawaii, Thurs
day appeared in person before the house
committee on claims to press her claim.
The queen is willing to accept $250,000
as a complete settlement.
She contended that only by the as
sistance of American marines had the
d kingdom been overthrown and the crown
lands wrested from her, and further that
she had a life interest in them entirely
e independent of the throne.
Nothing in the dress of the former
ruler hinted of regal splendor, unless a
large bunch of aigrettes in her little
black hat might be considered queenly.
A brown velvet dress trimmed in bladk
and partially concealed by a loose coat
clothed the diminutive figure of the
After the hearing the former queen
held an informal reception. .All the
members of the committee were intro
duced to her, but she did not get her I
money. The committee will consider
ythe subject later.
Shiveley Wins Senatorship.
Indianapolis, Ind.-At the Democratio
caucus of the Indiana legislature, after
twenty ballots, choose former Congress-i
man Benjamin F. Shiveley of South Bend
for the United States senate. The last
ballot stood as follows: Shiveley 42, I
Kern 35, Lamb 5, Menzies 2, Charles 1
WANT '%ARD LOCAL OPTION.
Indiana, Getting Local Option Down to
Unit of Representation.
S Indianapolis, Ind.-A bill to repeal the
r county local option law passed at the
recent special session, and a bill for
a township and ward local option law,
in keeping with the Democratic State
Splatform expected to precipitate
the most warfare of any measure
during the session, were introduced by
Representative John Sweeney. The act
simply proposes to wipe the county local
option law from the statutes.'
HAVE COMMERCIAL SERFDOM
Declaration of Governor Johnson
Used by Lecturer.
('hiican.-'"ln til Kremlin fea':r of
revolution blancllhs tle cheek ofi the:
czar: in the UInited St at s the r is umtkt.
that might he fanned into Ilane.''
This statem'nt mnade' hr 4ov. .*ohn
ston of M.inniota to l)). Sant iii' F.
Johnston, formerly head of the depart
mnent of political economy, ('niversity of
Visc,)onsin, was iquoted byv the li a:tter in
an address before the politieal science
club of the 'niversity of 'hiiago.
"'ITh'e govrernor told me that it is our
duty as a nation to 'prevent ctnilaigra
tiou Ity stolipiug the manufacture of
such intll allitmlt material as the trust-.
and spec''ial privilege,'' said )r. .'iihn'
ston. "11t said that the plrice of gtood
government is gotod citizenlshipl, ev en
at the sacriti.e of party afliliation.
"Mlininsota's extcpltivi' said that the
principles of \\ashinigtin. ,l'etrson and
Lintoln have been supplpanted Iby the in
luenct.es of Ilarrimnan. A:\rnour and
lRoctkef'eller, andlt that \Vashington
foutndedl a nation of freedom which now
sullllits to c'Ollllllrc(ial sel'fndotl."
DISPENSARY FOR OKLAHOMA
Election at Which Dispensary Was
Voted Out Held Illegal.
Guthrie, Okla.-In an opinion by Chief
Justice Rubert L. \\illiams, the State Su
preme Court \\'edne'sday held that the
liquor dispensary, or state saloon sys
tem, which was disapproved by a vote
of the people on Novembler :3, was illegal
ly submitted and therefore the systeni is
still in force. '1The opinion sustains the
decision of Judge iHuston in tile district
''The submission was illegal," says
" udge \Williams, "because tile proposition
contained two separate and antagonistic
t questions, tie repeal of tile system, and
an amendment to the constitution com
e pelling tile voter to give but one expres
r sion on the two."
Following the election on November 3
0 Gov. Haskell, by proclamation, had de
e clared tile dispensary system defeated,
but the court decision today holds the
proclamation a nullity.
KERN CHARGES TREACHERY
S Defeated Candidate Says He Was
Victim of Double-Dealing.
Indianapolis, Ind.-The selection of
B. F. Shiveley of South Bend as nomi
nee for United States senator by Demo
cratie 'members of the State Legisla
ture, was followed by a statement from
John \W. Kern, who was Shivcley's
strongest opponent., Concerning the
secret ballot, against which Kern made
a hard fight, he says it fiade possible
not only the betrayal of constituents by
,-eir representatives, "but all sorts of
treachery, double dealing and corrupt
practices. It is a matter of great re
gret that under the cloak of the secret
ballot so many representatives were
able to defy the will of their constitu.
ents. I have in mind several counties
where the sentiment for my nomination
was practically unanimous, and that sen
timent was well known to their repre
sentatives, and yet those representatives
deliberately betrayed the people and
votd for a man who, in any primary,
would not hlve received a handful of
votes in those counties."
THROWING EGGS CHEAP.
Cost One Dollar in Arkansas to Cast
an Egg at Jeff Davis.
Little I cek, Ark.--One dollar and
costs is all that it costs to thlrow, an
egg at a United States senator in Ar
kansas. When Senator Davis was
stumping the State during thle late
gubernatorial race in the interest of At
torney General Kirby, he barely missed
getting egged at Bellefont, four miles
east of Harrison. Walter Cantrell threw
an egg, ihtending it for the senator, but
it missed the mark and hit the gentle
man accompanying Senator Davis. For
a considerable length of time no one
knew officially who threw the egg, but
finally thile truth was brought to light,
and young Cantrell was arrested. He
was found guilty today and fined $1 and
BILL 'it FIX JURISDICTION.
Representative Humphreys Wants State
Washington.-In order to settle the'
jurisdiction of crime committed on that
section of the Mississippi river separat
ing Mississippi from Arkansas and Lou
isiana, Representative Humphreys of
Mississippi introduced in the house two
joint resolutions giving Mississippi the
power to enter into an agreement with
each of the other states named to fix a
boundary line. The resolution also grants
the right to those states to cede, each to
the other, lands that are separated from
tne main body of the state by the waters
of the Mississippi.
Pardons 250 Convicts.
Guthrie, Okla.--ln a special message
to the legislature today Gov. Haskell
submitted the recommendation of the
state board of control, who are members
of the Kansas prison probe committee,
that all Oklahoma prisoners now at
Lansing, whose terms are more than two
thirds expired, to have less than one year
to run, or who are under 18 years old, be
paroled. Such a course, if pursuedl, would
free about 230 prisoners andl enable the.
acconnmmodattion of those remaining at the
temporary penitentiary at MkAle.ter.
M DO TREES INCREASE RAINFALL?
Prof. Thomas Shaw Thinks Further
oD Data Is Needed Before Deciding.
of The opinion is very prevalent that
he the relation is close between the pres
k ence ior absence of trees and rainfall.
It may be that suchl is tIhe fact, but
S Ihe evidence is not so clear on the
whole onl this question as could be de
sired. Tl'ake, for instance, the story
told by the weather records kept at
SIismarek, N. N ). For the ten years
contmnencing with and including 1875,
ti' the annual precipitation was six inches
lmo)re than it was during the ten years
'or following. During the first, period
11 almost none of the soil had beent
ot broken up. During the second period,
t- quite a pIroportion had been broken
iii up. The trees in the locality were,
od about the same as during the first
ll period. During the third period the
trees had increased through the plant
;1 ing of groves and yet the average in
crease in the rainfall was only six
nd During the first period referred to.
on the lakes in the Dakotas were filled
to overflowing. The water in Devil's
lake at that time came up to the site
of the present tolwn. The water in tloe
lake bed is now at least five miles
A from the town. Is it not easjily sup-'
posable that a period may tome again
as wlen the rainfall will agdlin be ,as
great as it was in the'ten-year period
commencing with i875. If this were
ef to happen, doubtless Devil's lake
u- would fill its banks again.
I'e The same line of reasoning may by
- applied to Minnesota. In 1894 and
to one or two of the years 'following,
1l- the weather was so dry that many of;
is the shallow lakes went dry. On every
he hand the statements .were made that"
ct dry seasons had came because the
Minnesota forests were being cut
vs away. But what happened? During
oi seasons following these lakes refilled.
c The present season 'he greatest flood
tl took place in the Minnesota and Mis
- sissippi rivers that has occurred for
many a day. It 4is ell,. t'o look for
further data with .rdferericd'tb the re
lation between forests and' ralrifall.
d, CONCRETE BENCHES.
he e. .
How They Can Be Madeby the Farm.
The accompanying sketch shows the
construction of parts to build a con
as crete bench for the greenhouse. The
parts can be made in a metal or wood
of en mold and reinforced with expander
metal. The side rails are. made in au
et COM Co. I mosNCN
Made Entirely of Concrete.
s angle as shown and are about six feet
in in length. The bottom pieces are 1
n' Inch thick, eight inches widle and in
e- any length to suit the space. The posts
es are two feet high and hav6 one side
Id perpendicular, and the other three
, sides inclined to make the top four
of inches square and the bottom eight
inches. The straight side is placed
toward the walk or wall, whichever it
may be. A correspondent of Florists'
Review says that .the weight of the
soil and plants holds the side rails so
st firmly that an ordinary man has not
strength enough to pull one of the
S HORTICULTURAL NOTES.
to There are 2,815 members in the
t. Wiscohsin Horticultural society-the
Slargest, we believe, in the country,
S It cannot be said that the Japan
plums are rushing many fruit growers
it nto great profit.
It is a fact that trees, along .high;
ways, trees in towns and citie and.
trees. in groves anid agricultural. ret
gions render the atmosphere purer.
t They by their foliage absorb hurtful
gases, which would otherwise be
Ic breathed by the inhabitants of the
d densely populated cities, thereby mod'
ifying diseases, lessening the dangers
of epldlmics and in many ways Im
proving the healthfulness of communi.
ties.-New York Farmer.
t The time for the production of ashes
is at hand. Now the wood ashes
le 'should not be thrown out in the back
Lt yard, the middle of the street, or any
t- place, just to get rid of them. Un
u- leached wood ashes makes an excel
A lent fertilizer for blooming fruit trees,
ro and should be preserved for this pur
le pose. Keep them under cover, in a
h safe place where there can be no dan.
a ger from fire, and next spring there
Swill be plenty of valuable fertilizing
material to harrow in under the fruit
A New Sulphur Wash.
During the past season the depart
ment of agriculture has made an im
portant discovery that the self-boiled
e lime-sulphur wash is not injurious to
11 peach foliage when properly made and
e will not produce russeting and other
ra injurious effects on apples. Further
more. it has been found to be about as
effective as a fungicide as the stand
ard Bordeaux mixture. Exteusive ex
periments have been carried on daring
the year by the department on n-ar.iy
e all of the common fruit diseases which
id are preventable by spraying an:i it
io has been demonstrated that the above
io mixture is a very useful os"