Newspaper Page Text
The Lower Coast Gazee.
DEVOTED TO THE INTERESTS OF THE LOWER COAST : AGRICULTURE, HORTICULTURE, FISHERIES ANDICOMMERCE.
VOLUME I. POINTE-A-LA-HACHE, LA., SATURDAY, MAY 8, 1909. NUMBER 19.
ENEMIES OF WAR
HOLD A CONGRESS
SECOND NATIONAL PEACE CON
FERENCE IN CHICAGO.
EMINENT MEN ARE PRESENT
Statesmen, Diplomats and Political
Economists Assemble and Discuss
the Final Elimination of
Chicago.-The sessions of the sec
ond National Peace Congress, which
opened in Orchestra hall Monday aft
ernoon, attracted to Chicago many
thousand earnest enemies of war,
among them being many distinguished
statesmen, diplomats and political
economists. President Taft is the
honorary president of the congress,
and Secretary of War Jacob M. Dick
inson is its active president, but neith
er of these gentlemen was able to
be present, owing to their official du
ties. However, there was no lack of
eminent men to preside over the ses
As a preliminary to the congress,
special peace services were held in
many Chicago churches Sunday morn
ing, peace meetings arranged by labor
and socialist organizations were held
in the afternoon, and in the evening
there was a big mass meeting, at
which addresses were delivered by
Rev. Jenkin Lloyd Jones and Rev.
Emil G. Hirsch, both of Chicago, and
President Jacob Gould Schurman of
Welcome to the Congress.
Orchestra hall was filled to the
limit Monday when the first session
was called to order by Robert Treat
Paine of Boston, the presiding officer,
for governors, mayors and hundreds of
clubs had been asked to appoint dele
gates, and most of them had re
sponded. President Dickison's ad
dress, the same he delivered several
weeks ago before the Hamilton club,
was read, and the congress was then
formally welcomed by Gov. Charles S.
Deneen for the state, Mayor Fred A.
Basse for the city and Rev. A. Eugene
Bartlett, chairman of the reception
committee. The secretary then read
a brief letter from President Taft, in
which the chief executive heartily
commended the aims of the congress.
hl4e A ~ °:-B;" ckstein -et: Boston
iextt` was, introduced to the meeting
and read a "World Petition to the
Third Hague Conference." This was
followed by an address by Dr. Benja
min F. Trueblood, secretary of the
A4erican Peace society, on "The
Present Position of the Peace Move
What Has Been Accomplished.
Dr. Trueblood said in patt:
"Let me sketch in the barest out
lines what has already bee; accom
pished. The interpretation will take
care of itself.
"I. The men and women, now a
freat host, who believe that the day
is past when blind brute force should
direct the policies of nations and pre
side at the settlement of their dif.
rerences, are now thoroughly organ
ied. A hundred years ago there was
uot a society in existence organized
to promote appeal to the forum of
redalon and right in the adjustment of
international controversies. To-day
there are more than 500, nearly
every - important nation having
its Igroup of peace organisations. Their
constituents are numbered by tens of
thousands, from every rank and class
In soclety-philanthrqplsts, men of
trade and commerce, educators and
jurists, workiLngmen, statesmen, rulers
Triumph o~ Arbitration.
"II. The position which the peace
movement has reached is no less dl.s
tinotly eterminaed.,by the practical at
tainmehts of arbitration. We are this
i b l,(4ele( ing" what.is t eally the
Qipa Bhdredth na versary of the birth
*our aireiint for Itfo was in 1809
t 95 D$4I .Dodge, a Cairtiaa mer
ht 'of New, York city, wrote the
atnphlet which: brought the move
tan ta~ti belig, and led six years
later to the afrga#sati~a in hise parlor
itn New York of the drat Peace society
atbth 1orld. here bad then been
anarbtratmtbas~btwee nations In our
alddrn seas of the word 'nations.' In
tle 100 y'rs slnce 1809 more
than 50 Imprtant controversdes have
bes settled by this means, not to
anation an ravb greater number of
lei important se,. the settlement
et whioh involved the prinaolple of ar
httratIon. WithIi the past 20 years so
ris!"d has beet the tiumph of arbi
tiatlos that more than 100 Interns
tsial diff~grence have been disposed
of by this means, or between five and
Wa a year for the whole 20 years.
Albitration ais no longer an experi
Ment. It i the settled practie of the
nations. A score of dispntes to-day go
maturally to arbitration where one
,ives rise even to talk of war.
-The Hague Conferences.
"I. In order to determine fnrther
tle advanced positioln which the
p... movemedt has attained on its
*pslia l side, the two Hagae confer.
was sad *hat t`hey. have so.
ea~lished mut" be taken into so
i Pt, It lsstli the habit of some per
am@ to a*hak disparagangly of these
qt eatbeulh pirad thef results.
I tW·'Eague eobfer-.
about that state of world organization
and co-operation, the result of which
will, as is universally conceded, bring
the general peace of the world and
final relief from the ruinous burdens I
of 'bloated armaments,' because it will
establish the reign of law among the
nations as it now prevails among in
dividuals throughout the civilized
What They Have Done.
"The first Hague conference gave us
the permanent international court of
arbitration, to which 24 powers finally
became parties by ratification of the
convention. This court has now for
eight years been in successful opera
tion, and not less than four contro
versies have been referred to it dur. a
ing the past year. The second Hague 1
conference enlarged and strengthened 0
the convention under which this court e
was set up, and made the court the a
tribunal, not of 25 powers, but of all a
the nations of the world. t
"Another step of still greater mo- I
ment was taken by the second Hague g
conference in the direction of provid- s
lng a perfect substitute for force in e
the settlement of international differ. v
ences. It voted without a dissenting ii
aelegatlon for the principle of an in- s
with ludges always in service and e
ternational court of arbitral justice, '
holding regular sessions. c
"The high water mark of the work 7
of the second Hague conference was
reached in its action in regard to fu
ture meetings of the conference. The
principle of periodic meetings of the
conference hereafter was approved
without a dissenting voice. The date
even of the third conference was fixed
and the governments urged to appoint
at least two years i advance an in- b
ternational commission to prepare the i
program of the meeting." p
,Dean W. P. Rogers of the Cincinnati 1i
Law school brought this session to a s
close with an eloquent talk on "The f
Dawn of Universal Peace." r
Addresses Monday Evening.
Monday evening's meeting was de
voted to "The drawing together of the
Nations," and was presided over by
Dr. Hirsch. The addresses were on
"Independence Versus Interdepend
ence of Nations," by Prof. Paul S.
Reinsch of the University of Wiscon
sin; "Racial Progress Towards Univer- t
sal Peace," by Rev. H. T. Kealing of E
Nashville, Tenn.; and "The Biology of 8
War," by President David Starr Jor. C
dan of Leland Stanford, Jr., univer
sity. At the same time another meet.
lng was in session in Music hall, with
Miss Jane Addams in the chair. The
speakers there were Joseph B. Burtt
of Chicago, on "Fraternal Orders and
Peace;" Prof. Graham Taylor of Chi
'Cdgo Commons, on "Victims of War
and Industry;" Samuel Gompers,
president of the American Federation
of Labor, on "Organized Labor and
Peace," and John Spargo of Yonkers,
N. Y., on "International Socialism as
a Peace Factor."
Commercial and Legal Views.
Two big meetings were held Tues
day morning, one on commerce and
industry, presided over by George E.
Roberts, president of the Commerdial
National bank of Chicago, and the
other on "Women and Peace," with
Mrs. Ellen M. Henrotin of Chicago as
chairman. The former session was ad.
Sdressed by Belton Gilreath of Blrming.
ham, Ala., W. A. Mahoney of Colum. I
bus, 0., James Arbuckle, consul of :
Spain and Colombia, St. Louis, and
Marcus M. Marks, president of the Na- I
Stional Associlation of Clothiers, New I
SYork city. The women heard Interest.*
Sing speeches by Mrs. Philip N. Moore,
Spresident of the General Federation
Sof Women's Clubs; Miss Jane Addams I
and Mrs. Lucia Ames Mead of Boston.
I "Some Legal Aspects of the Peace
F Movement," was the general topic ofi
the Orchestta hall meeting Tuesday I
Safternoon, and the chairman was Will
lam J. Calhoun of Chicago. Prof. Will
lam I. Hull of Swarthmore college, dia
i cussed the advances registered by the
two Hague conferences, and James
Brown Scott, solicitor of the state de
Spartment, talked about some questions
"-which the third Hague conference
Iprobably will consider. "Legal Prob
i mns Capable of Settlement by Arbi
a atiaon," was the subject of a learned
1 pper by Prof. Charles Cheney Hyde
i of Chica'go.
S Special Collegiate Sesasion.
In Mandel hall, at the University of
SChicago, a special session was held
for universities and colleges, a tea
ture of which was an oratorical con
test participated in by students. Louis
P. Lochner of Madison, Wis., spoke on
"The Cosmopolitan Clubs."
S The general session of Tuesday
evening was perhaps the most inter
Seating of the congress. "Next Steps in
SPeakemakin'g" was the topic. The audi
t ece was aroused to great enthitusiasm
by an eloquent and spirted address by
(Congressman Richard Bartholdt of
Missouri, president of the American
Group, Interparliamentary union. An
Sother paper that met with deserved
applause was that 6f Edwin D. Mead
of Boston on "The Arrest in Compet
itive Arming in Fidelity to The
The special collegiate session was
Scontinued Tuesday evening in Music
hall, with President Nollen of Lake
Forest university in the chair. Presi.
dent S. P. Brooks of Baylor university,
Texas, spoke, and a stereopticon lec
ture on the "Federation of the World"
was given by Hamilton Holt of the
Among the diplomats who came to
Chicago to attend the Peace congrees
pWere: Ambassador Count Johann
L Helarich von Bernatorif of Germany;
l ierman de Laerrats, envoy from
llteden; Wu TIng Paas, envoy from
slChi;n; Alfred Mitchell Inmes, court.
Siemlor ot'the British embassy, and Dr.
SHalIdan Kpnt, ofi the University of
N- orWi~a The Japanese, Turkish and
" ?rawh emlantaies also were rnpre
Items of Interest Throughout Our
Grate, Especially Notes of Edu
cational and Industrial Features.
One Thousand Teachers Needed.
Baton Rouge.-The state school of
ficials have issued the State Summer
Normal School manual for the State
Normals that are to be held at Natch
itoches, Ruston and Lafayette May
31 to July 31. In this manual the
institute board says: "The demand
for teachers has never been greater
and never before has the state of
fered better rcognition to teachers
of training and merit. A good teach
er is certain to obtain a position a
a good salary; a better teacher ai
a better salary. There will be one
thousand vacancies to fill the fall of
1909; several principalships in high,
grammar and rural consolidated
schools, and many positions as teach
ers of music, drawing, etc. "The best
way to prepare for these positions
is to attend one of the summer
schools, which are separately design
ed for the teachers of Louisiana."
The summer schools of 1909 to be
conducted at Lafayette, Ruston and
Natchitoches, have in common the
aim to better prepare teachers to do
effective work by increasing their
scholarship and their professional
Running Races May Be Adopted.
Crowley.-At a meeting of the
board of directors of the Acadia Par
ish Association members were ap
pointed on a committee for the cata
I lcgue. The board is considering a
i plan to replace the large purses of
fered in previous year's for harness
races by purses for running races.
Heretofore the harness races for high
class horses have been a practical
walkover for one horse, and they have
been uninteresting. It is now pro
posed to hold races on the first three
days of the fair, open to running
horses or ponies of the 'respective
wards, the winners from each ward
to contest on the last day for a large
purse. This plan has met ,with favor
f and may be adopted by the directors
of the fair.
Sugar Planters Enter Protest.
N1apoleonville.-A telegram was re
3 ceived here by Senator John Marks
from United States Senators McEnery
and Foster, asking what, in the opin.
Ion of the sugar planters of Louis
lana, would be the effect if the dif
ferentiation on refined sugar were re
f moved. Senator Marks immediately
called a meeting of prominent sugar
planters of Assumption, and, at the
conference held, an earnest protest
against the removal of the differen
tials was embodied in a telegram and
sent to the Louisiana senators. The
d planters are of the opinion that the
removal of the differentials would re
sult in great harm to the sugar in
8 dustry of Louisiana.
High School Plans Are Accepted.
Breaux Bridge.-The architectural
Splans for the new school have been
Saccepted and the superintendent of
Seducation has advised that bids will
- be advertised for as soon as enough
vblue prints showing specifications are
-secured for prospective bidders, on
, a contract for a high school building
ato cost about $15,000. The city coun
Scil at a special meeting set aside
• ground for the erection of the high
e school. The selection was a beau
1 tifully located half square of ground
V in the heart of town. The parish fair
I b~ildings and a residence will be re
SImoved to accommodate the new high
- school building.
SDrainage Plan Is Successful.
Baton Rouge.-This week will see
Sthe completion of the Whites and
e Cypress drainage, which is being
built in the northern part of the
Sparish. The drainage canal runs a
distance of about two miles and a
quarter, is 20 feet wide at the bottom
and 40 feet wide at the top. The ca
nal will drain all of the low country
' in the northern portion of the parish
d near Zachary, in the Whites and
SCypress bayou. It will render pro
Sductive several thousand acres of land
which, at the present time, cannot be
Scultivated for the want of drainage
to carry ofr the water when it rains.
Report on Present Crop Condition.
Baton Rouge.-The State Board of
SAgriculture and Immigration is now
receiving the reports from the asses
sore of the state on the 1909 crop
Sconditions. This report, when it is
. published, will deal largely with the
d acreage under cultivation and com
d parisons with the acreage of last year,
t- and as it will be the first report on
the 1909 crop, its issuance will be
awaited with much interest. The
state board of agriculture is having
its usual trouble in getting the asses
sore to respond promptly and with
. accurate data regarding the crop con
, To Entertain Uncle Sam's Sailors.
Baton Rouge.-An executive com
mittee from the Board of Trade has
been named to begin making arrange
0ments for the entertainment of the
olo0lcers and crew of the battleship
nMissisalppi, which will be here for
'; three days during the middle of May.
: Sentenced to Twelve Years.
• Napoleonville.-Joseph Simoneaux,
_. who pleaded guilty to arson, last
I week, was sentenced by Judge Paul
d Leche to twelve years in the btate
i penitenfSarT. .
Boll Weevil In the Race.
Baton Rouge.-That the boll weevil
in this section of the state will not
do serious damage to the early cot
r ton is the opinion of William Newell
secretary of the State Crop Pest Com
mission. After the first of August
the weevils are expected to appear
in large numbers, and will do un
- questioned damage to the crops. "The
r past season was favorable in East
e Baton Rouge for the hibernation of
t the pest," says the secretary, "but 1
y the general rule has been that where t
e the weevil has appeard the summer C
d previous in a parish that little dam
r age is done until late the following
summer. Those farmers who have
s early maturing cotton and have fol
lowed the cultural methods should be
able to get 95 per cent of their crop, E
so far as the damage from the boll
e weevil will affect the yield. But where e
f from late planting, poor seed and
t' failure to cultivate properly the crop
d is slow in maturing, the weevil will i
t- do considerable damage. According
it to entmologists the pest is expected
s to increase in sufficient numbers af
r ter August 1 to practically prevent f
the making of a crop after that year. t
The experiments that are being con- I
e ducted at ilanchura show that a
d great proportion of the weevil is
e surviving the season,
ir Will Secure Voters' Signatures.
lI Baton Rouge.-A petition is being t
circulated at every school house in
every ward in East Baton Rouge par
ish, asking that the police jury call
,e a special election to vote a tax of
-. 3 mills to be devoted exclusively to
. the public schools of the parish. So
L. far the petitions are meeting with
a general support. The parish superin
f. tendent sent them out several days
s ago to the meml1ers of the parish
s. school boards, and also to the teach
h ers in the differe4it schools to circu
l late them among their patrons. These
e petitions asking for the special elec
. tions will not be finally disposed of
e until the meeting of the school board
g in July. The board will take action
.e on them, and if a sufficient number of
d signatures have been secured and
the expressions from the voters in
or dicate a strong sentiment in favor
of the special tax then the matter
will be referred to the police jury
with the request that the election be
t Sidewalk Building Plan Adopted.
. Crowley.-The city council met re
cently for the purpose of discussing
s the Marks plan of laying concrete
f sidewalks in certain residence sec
e tions of Crowley by the city, the ex
pense to be charged against the prop
tr erty owners affected. The plan was
te unanimously approved and a resolu
st tion adopted urging the city council
to adopt it. The Marks ordinance
wd vill be introduced at the next meet
e ing of the city council. It will pro
vide for the construction under direc
e- tion of the city, of concrete sidewalks
n- on the streets running east and west
between the Southern Pacific depot
and the courthouse, and from Avenue
F., east of Parkerson, to the eastern
limits of the town. Cement walks
al may be built on the streets running
north and south in this district, but
this point has not yet been settled.
Potato Shipment an Object Lesson.
n Baton Rouge.-An object lesson in
truck gardening was given when a
- car load of Irish potatoes, the first
of the season, was shipped from Bat
on Rouge by a local broker to Chi
cago a few days ago. The car load
d contained four hundred bushels of
ir potatoes. These potatoes will bring
$1.20 a bushel, or a total of $480.
The potatoes were raised on six acres
of ground by Ben Jones, near the city
limits. The shipment of this car load
is the beginning of the shipment of
truck from Baton Rouge to the North
ern markets. The change in the ag
ricultural conditions, made necessary
by the advent of the boll weevil, and
the partial destruction of cotton as
a money crop, has forced the plant
Sing of a great acreage in truck and
a great amount will be shipped from
Baton Rouge this season.
Id Deporting a Lone Chinaman.
New Orleans.-Capt. William L,
4 Morsey, United States marshal at St.
SLouis, has arrived at New Orleans,
having in charge a Chinaman whom
the United States courts have order
ed to be sent back to China for be
ing in this country without a certifl
Scate, in violation of the exclusion
act. The marshal will go to San
Francisco with his prisoner.
S New Orleans licedse collections ex
Sceed budget by $165,099.
T Two wells will be drilled near
a Campti by the Louisiana-Arkansas
be Oil and Pipe Line Company.
he Attorneys for James Labry, convict
ig ed of manslaughter at New Roads,
s filed a motion for a new trial.
th The State Dental Society held the
n- annual meeting at New Orleans last
Ex-Governor Lowry, ill in New Or
Sleans, rallied sufficiently to address
an official communica'tion to General
. Webb in Jackson regarding Confed
he erate reunion matters.
p The faculty of the New Iberia high
or school demanded the resignation of
y. Parish Superintendent Wallet.
Governor Sanders and three other
m, members of the State Board of Equal
at ization conferred with assessors of
ul the Seventh Distrit at Lake Charles.
ite The Bayou St. John Improvement
Association has been formed.
On or before May 12, the Senate
will elect a president pro tempore.
The office is simply honorary, except
that in case of the death, resignation
or disability of the governor the pres
ident pro tempore of the Senate
would become the acting governor.
There have been no open announce
ments for the position as yet, but
it is understood that Senators Fletch- t
er, Rasco and Henderson will be in
the race. The names of James Rob
ertson and John H. Holland have also
been mentioned in connection with
the race. The president pro ternm
pore must be chosen from a holdover
member of the Senate.
1 The Leigh bill, providing for the re
moval of the University of Arkansas
t from Favetteville to Littl' Rock and
the creation of the University of Ar
kansas Improvement District in Little
5 Rock, was defeated in the House by
Ba vote of 40 to 32. A motion by Mr.
Hurst of Washington to indefinitely
postpone further consideration of the
measure was under discussion one en
; tire day and finally carried. The mo
1 tion means the defeat of the bill. The
removal bill passed by the Senate is
1 yet to come up in the House.
The bill introduced in the House
by Mr. Gann of Benton, providing that
all localities may have the power to
organize special school districts the
same as incorporated towns and cit
les of the first and second class, if
passed will result in the abolishment
of much local legislation each session
of the legislature. A large portion of i
the time at each session is consumed
in considering local measures and of
these measures bills creating special
school districts form no small per
i The bill introduced in the House
t. by :Mr. Holt of Hempstead, which pro
r vides for the creation of the Arkan
r sas Vicksburg Military Park Commis
y sion, provides further that the com
e mission shall be composed of three
ex-Confederate veterans, who shall be
appointed by the governor. An ap
propriation of $1,000 is also provided
for in the bill for the erection of
markers where the Arkansas troops
e stood on the Vicksburg battlefield.
During the discussion of the univer
t- sity removal bill in the House Mr.
)- Williams of Washington quoted the
S low prices of board at Fayetteville
I- and argued that the prices in Little
Il Rock woulh be much higher. "Would
e you mind going with me to a wagon
t- yard where I get mine for $5?" asked
M- Mr. Ard amid the roars of the House.
* "I thought that was where the gentle
s man from Jackson stayed," replied
t Mr. Williams.
it The Witt text book bill has been
e passed by the House. The bill, how
n ever, -will be inoperative unless the
. Senate amends it, as it now provides
g that the State Text Book Commission
It shall be appointed in April, 1909. If
the Senate amends the bill so as to
make it operative, the measure will
scarcely have time to get back to the
n House in time for that body to concur
a in the amendment, is the belief ex
it pressed by several members.
* At the instigation of the author, the
* Winn bill, levying a tax of one per
d cent on the gross receipts of trans
Sportation companies, will be amend
g ed so as to provide for a tax of only
Sone-half ner cent. It was the origi
' nal intention of Mr. Winn to have the
Sbill provide for a one-half per cent
d tax, but through an inadvertence it
provides for one per cent.
A bill introduced in the House by
Mr. Thompson of Independence relat
ing to the regulation of disorderly
resorts in cities of the first and sec
t ond class, provides that such houses
d must be moved out of any block upon
Spetition of three property owners of
that block. It is the purpose of the
bill to make it easier to direct the
location of such places.
L The pagee of both branches of the
,. General Assembly will be sorry when
g, the session ends, If no others should
a feel the same. While it has not been
r. altogether a picnic for the boys who
e-. have jumped to the beck and call of
5. the legislators, they have enjoyed it.
a Some of the boys have saved the per
I diem allowed them and have put snug
sums in the bank.
A marked antipathy to long discue*
slons or debates has been displayed
x. In the House, as debate cuts off ac
tion on other measures and the pre
r vious question will probably be mov
, ed in a hurry on all discussions in
t. A motion to reconsider the vote by
, which the bill was defeated providing
for the relief of the Brinkley school
Sdistrict failed to prevail in the Senate
at It is estimated that the House costs
the state $3 a minute while in ses
ss The Oldham state capitol bill has
al passed the Senate. This appropriates
1. $795,000 for the completion of the
building. Argument over the bill was
warm and the measure consumed the
greater portion of three days in the
The eduicational committee of the
er House has reported favorably on Sen
11 ate Bill No. 420 (Bush), organizing
of the Vilonia special school district in
IS. Faulkner count , and unfavorably on
nt House Bill No. 459 (Cartwright), cre
ating the Arlberg special school dis
trict in Stone cout-v.
DEATH LIST GROWS C
WITH EACH REPORT '
NUMBER KILLED MAY GO BE.
Most Destructive Storm Ever Known
in This Section-Cyclone Took
of People Homeless.
Memph'is, Tenn.-TIncomplete reports
from the storm-swept sections of Ten- f
nessee, Alabama, Arkansas and Missis- t
sippi give a death list of 130 and more a
than 500 more or less seriously injured.
)t the latter it is thought that fully
>ne hundred will die, running the loss
up to the neighborhood of 250.
In casualties, in property loss, in ex
tent of territory covered, and in freakish
things done, Thursday night's storm is c
the most remarkable and the most de- 4
structive ever known in this section. It f
is not possible to estimate the property 1
loss, for there is no way of computing I
it. Many noble forests that have stood a
for generations are laid in waste; nu- 1
merous fine old country homes have been I
blown away; churches, school houses, t
stores and innumerable barns and out
houses are in kindling.
Late reports show that the worst dam
age was in Eastern Arkansas, South
eastern Missouri, West Tennessee and
along Duck and Elk rivers in Middle Ten
nessee and North Alabama. Shelby i
county, Tipton county and the counties i
to the east of these, notably Crockett, 1
Gibson, Madison and Chester, were the l
scenes of the storm's fury, and whole I
settlements were laid in ruins. Two or
three small towns on the Arkansas-Mis
souri line, an equal number on the Ten
nessee-Alabama line and several in Mid
dle Tennessee were wholly destroyed. It
is remarkable that the loss of life in
them was so small.
The cyclone seems to have originated
in Southwestern Arkansas, jumped over
the intervening space to Van Buren and
Cleburne counties, and split, one fork go
ing north into Missouri and the other
coming due west to Izard and Critten
den counties, then crossing the Mississip
pi into Shelby and Tipton counties;
thence northeast into Middle Tennessee;
thence southwest into Northern Ala
bama, where it disappeared in the moun
tains of Lawrence county.
At each place the cyclone lasted only
about ten minutes, and was followed by
heavy rain and hail storms and an elec
tric display that was said to be unusual
Hundreds of people, mostly negro ten
ants on devastated farms, are homeless,
but the white people in each of these
communities are taking care of the des
THOUGHT IT WAS DOOMSDAY.
Wonderful Phenomenon Occurs at Amory,
Amory, Miss.-The most wonderful
phenomenon ever witnessed by any of
the oldest citizens occurred here Friday
afternoon at 3:30 o'clock, when an elec
trical storm passed over the city, fol
lowed by a hailstorm which lasted only
about one minute, covering the ground
with hail stones as large as a man's fist.
The stones fell so fast that you could
not see a person across the street. A
great many people thought the world
was at an end. The roofs of six or eight
store houses, covered with rubberoid
roofing, were completely ruined, and the
rain poured in on the stocks of goods,
doing a great deal of damage.
THREE NEGROES LYNCHED.
SAssailants of Marshall (Texas) Offiters
Marshall, Tex.-A mob entered the
county jail here at 2 o'clock Friday
morning, dragged out Creole Mose, Pie
Hill and Mat Chase, negroes, and lyncehed
all three. The militia which has been
guarding the jail for the last three
days was dismissed at midnight and the
citizens formed a mob Immediately, tak
ing the authorities by surprise. Mose.
IHill and Chase were charged with firing
lupon and killing Deputy Sheriff Mark
I Huffman and wounding Constable Alex
Cargill a few days ago while the officers
iwere raiding a craps game.
The mob numbered forty men, and
tney battered in the north wall of the
jail, grabbed the keys from the jailer and
I rushed the trembling blacks to the street.
COLLIER'S STRANGE 'BgEQUEST.
Gives $0,000 to an Unknown Catholic
Cincinnati.-Tn the will of Peter F.
ICollier, the publisher, one bequests pro
vides that $2,000 a year for ten years
'be paid to St. Joseph's Roman Gatholio
ISeminary of Cincinnati. There is no
1 such institution in Cincinnati. Collier
Sattended school at Mount St. Mary's
Seminary, Price Hill, 30 years ago, and
it is thought that that may be the school
he intended to remember. The entire
s estate is worth $5,000,000.
- Dressing for Grape Fruit Salad.
· If the grape fruit is used with white
Sgrapes, use a cream mayonnaise in
a stead of a French dressing. A very
nice sauce is made by taking the same
Squantities of white wine and sugar.
mix well together and pour over fruit.
Grape fruit on lettuce is very good
served with the following boiled dress
ing. Beat up two eggs, add one cup
Svinegar, seasoning of salt, pepper and
'sugar and quarter cap butter. Cook'
'in double boiler. Stir constantly till
dressing has thickened. Cool and
SENATOR FROM UTAH
Reed Smoot One of the Hustlers
How He Fought to Retain Seat in
Upper House-Has Won Honors
in That Body by Hard, Con
sistent and Careful Work.
Washington.-It is a long stride
from fighting against big odds to re
tain a seat in the United States sen
ate to a place in its highest councils,
but it is one which has been taken by
Senator Reed Smoot of Utah in one
term. Even before Senator Smoot
had taken his seat, the storm of pro
test against his retaining it had be
gun to swell in eastern states, and
when he took the oath of office its
clouds hung so threateningly that they
would have frightened a less daring
fighter. Because Senator Smoot be
longed to the hierarchy of the Mor
mon church thousands petitioned
against his retaining the honor to
which he had been without question
legally elected by the Utah legisla
ture. This is history. What Senator
Smoot has done since his right to sit
in the senate was confirmed is an
It was three sessions before the
storm of criticism of the new Utah
senator had subsided and the senate
committee on privileges and elections
reported in favor of permitting him to
retain his seat. Then, as if he had
been storing up energy during the two
previous years, Mr. Smoot launched
into his work as a senator like a
Those who worked with him and
tried to maintain his pace soon
dropped by the wayside, and left this
Senator Reed Smoot.
tall, quiet man of few words and
much energy plodding steadily on.
ward. During all the time that his
right to sit in the senate had been
questioned Senator Smoot had not lift.
Sed his voice except to vote. Now the
' senate found that it had a good de
Sbater. Mr. Smoot profited by his
Y silence, and the opening of his fourth
i session found him well located on the
t. Republican side and active.
d On March 4, 1909, Senator Smoot
A began his second term. Opposition to
Id him because of his close connection
t with the Mormon church had dsleap
d peared. Those who had taken a care.
e ful look into his life found that his
beliefs did not intrude themselves
Supon the daily lives of others, and
come to know him as an ordinary
American citizen, with plenty of west.
era snap and energy. Those who had
come into contact with him in debate
Sknew that it was not wis'e to precipi
tate unnecessarily an encounter with
e him on the senate floor.
' Many of those who signed petitions
ie to congress asking that Reed Smoot
d be ousted from the senate took it for.
n granted that he had more than one
e wife. No one understands this preju
v dice better than Senator Smoot him.
k. self. A party of newspaper men were
e, making a trip through the west. They
ig stopped at Salt Lake City and ran
k down to the great Salt lake. On their
return they were invited to visit Sena.
tor Smoot's home, at Provost City.
"Gentlemen," said Senator Smoot,
standing upon the broad veranda o!
Id his home, "this is my wife,"'and in
e an undertone, but so plainly that all
id could hear, "and the only one I ever
t. expect to have or want."
To-day Senator Smoot is bearing,
as a member of the committee on
finance, a heavy burden, being one of
lic the nine Republican senators who
framed the tariff bill just reported to
F. the senate. Membership in this com
.o mittee is the most sought appoint.
rI ment in the United States senate. II
ie Is important from a financial stand
no point and gives a senator power which
r is not refused. The honor went to
Senator Smoot unsought, but was
earned by hard, persistent, careful
work upon less important committees.
o This work was watceed and marked
re by senate leaders. When the new
committees were chosen at the begin
ning of the extraordinary session, Mr.
Smoot rose to the top of the heap. On
te this committee he is associated with
i Senator Aldrich of Rhode Island, its
ry chairman, and Senator Hale of Maine.
e In addition to a place on the com
r, nmittee on finance. Senator Smoot was
I made chairman of the committee on
i "Just as soon as I am through with
P the tariff bill I am going to cut down
d the expenditures of congress for
a' printing," he said, "We are spending
il :oo inuch-money. Much of it is wasted."