Newspaper Page Text
aubswription $1.00 Per Year. There is No Free Country, Unless the People Rule. Price 5
VOL. V. NATCHITOCHES, LA., MARCHI1, 1899. NO
LABOR AND INDUSTRY
SOME ITEMS OF INTEREST TO
Inmirease In Work and Wages, While
Hours Were Beduced-Sigalfleant Facts
Shown by Omelal Reports of Organi
sations and State Authorities.
I'm Saddest When I Saing.
You think I have a merry heart,
Because my songs are gay;
But, oh! they all were taught to me
By friends now far away;
The bird retains his silver note,
Though bondage chains his wing;
His song is not a happy one,
I'm saddest when I sing!
I heard them first In that sweet home
I never more shall see,
And now each song of joy has got
A plaintive turn for me!
Alas! 'tis vain in winter time
To mock the songs of spring,
Each note recalls some wither'd leaf,
I'm saddest when I sing!
Of all the friends I used to love,
My heart remains alone.
Its faithful voice still seems to be
An echo of my own;
My tears, when I bend over it, ,
Will fall upon its string,
Yet those who hear me little think
I'm saddest when I sing!
The Paelt fear.
The year 1828 is destined to figure
as conspicuously and gloriously in in
dustrial as in military American an
als. Industrially, as politically, it
marks the birth and general recogni
tion of policies that demand the earth
for their development and relations
with all its peoples for their sym
metrical culmination. These policies
are in no sense novel inspirations, con
cilved by change and born by acct
dent. ' They are the offspring of the
Americean Idea and American force.
They were gendered when the founda
tosof this government were laid, and
heae silently and slowly matured until
due course of nature they were
btought forth, and now. stand separate
WA. distinct facts that cannot be ex
Ianed away but must be reckoned
with. Eighteen hundred and ninety
eh t is memorable as the year of their
UlMth; Is glorious because the time of
rt. advent and world-wide recogni
*.plose of 1893 finds the United
Sa farm and workshop upon
Sprodudts the nations of two
peres rely for many of the nec
i and luxurios of life. Our ex
) t domestic merchandise amount
U1B00,00,000 for the year. The
Kingdom is a close second rith
to the value of less than
,000. "There is no thfrd,"
say, as evry other contry is
in the rear as compared
two giants. Our European
l Are constlity and rapidly en
The Carniegile company and
SSteel corpany have opened
ofilees In London and are
inroads upon the British pre
The Canaegle companf Vlas
to delfrer $0,0o0 tons of
thre Coigardle roads Aus
5* the company was unablto
the contriet for 30,000 tons
heeta of the twentieth
nof ti Missouri Bureau
.,valdsble daa tecom,
k# Ibek OSIp applies
w uns. labatenta,
4*4 ieoesn".. rn
child labor is employed to any consid
erable extent and make a complete in
vestigation into such employment and
report the same, together with proper
recommendations tending to check the
evils growing out of the system, great
good might be accomplished."
Calls attention to the unlawful prac
tice of operators of coal mines in not
weighing coal before screened, as cer
tain operators require their miners to
sign a contract before commencing
work in which they agree to have their
coal weighed after it is screened.
In the summary of manufacture,
exclusive of the eight prison factories,
the 863 plants whose reports are in
tabular form show an increase of $13,
509,578 over the amount reported last
The average number of males em
ployed during each month of 1897 was
39,320; females 11,457; total, 50,777.
The total amount of wages paid in
1897 was $21,710,355. The average
daily wages paid to skilled male help,
$2.23; unskilled male help, $1.21;
skilled female help, $1.31; unskilled
female help, 75 cents. Soap- manufac
turers paid the highest average wages
to skilled male help, $2.86 per day, and
creameries the lowest, $1.54. Cigar
manufacturers paid the highest aver
age daily wages to skilled female help,
$1.91), and soapmakers to the lowest,
The report concludes with the state
ment that, actuated by the desire to
benefit labor organizations of the state,
an effort has been made by the depart
ment, to secure data giving the true
condition of the organized wagework
era of the state. To this end the blanks
were prepared and copies forwarded to
the secretaries of all organizations
whose addresses could be secured. Two
hundred and ninety-seven blanks were
sent to organizations in all parts of
the state, but up to the time of prepa
ration of the report but 45 have been
returned, these in an incomplete state.
The reports received, summarized, are
Total number of organizations re
porting, 45; number reporting increase
in wages since organization, 22; num
ber reporting decrease in wages since
organization, 2; number reporting sta
tionary wages since organization, 11;
number making no report regarding
wages, 10; number reporting reduction
of hbura since organization, 22;. num
ber reporting no change of hours since
organization, 10; organized trades
w.orking ten hours per day, 8; organ
ised trades working nine hours per
day, 5; organized trades working eight
hours per day, 17; organized trades
working twelve hours per day, 3; or
ganitsed trades making no returns re
garding hours, 2: total number of
members in organizations reporting,
5,608; total number members out of
work in organizations repotting, 651;
organizations failing to' report num
ber unenployed, 22.
Above table shows two important
things: That organized workers have
been uniformly maintaining or ad- I
vaueing wages and decreasing hours.
PesmWvttb Labor Roepor&
The ninth anual report of the fac
dr inaspector of Pennsylvania, James
Onmapbell, chief, for the year ending
oct. 30, 1898, ahowa a marked increase I
In the work. The report states that
18,118 fIspectioRs were made; also
4,000 ofical visats, 4,388 orders were
S'an a,18 compliances to time
rert were utie.t
"Df 468,975 emplojes in mills, fac
toda ete., 312160 *are reported as
aative born, 45,@l8 as naturalized and1
tn eswa.how, out of 12,924 em
pkiyet S2iM3irete native-born, 1,301
Meialatlised sant 8,71 were alIens.
'- 258 ti ,, tflly workers 709 were
10JS Uatwea)ibed 41,467
1811 ,wer 1in, 1 Bertotus
11al there wre 1,754 accldba Ir*'
we'4ier fatal, 2273't Usoron
o't ~itet ta s, miner of Seadrtes,
uwatelo shops, lon and stee 1 9tk
w not saenali to the r laws
*4 the j*r.
ae rperta n~ade dufrlg the a
'd emceitr t8 beyond QaegUie that
tefscterj lawi an Cmended by t~ I
454 scwltlos In
ote., hliye been
IT HAS RUINED CHILI.
GOLD STANDARD'S DIRE WORK
The Roadsides Are Thick with Forlorn
Tramps-Once Prosperous Under Bi
metallic Conditlons-As Viewed by a
(Valparaiso, Chili, Letter.)
The views that I shall express re
garding the financial affairs of my
country are based upon my own ex
perience as a merchant, and a careful
and extensive study of the subject as
treated by leading writers of various
nationalities. Chili has gained noth
ing by her silly adoption of the gold
standard, with no gold money to fill
the place of a circulating medium. On
the contrary, her losses have been
heavy from the beginning of the gold
era, and we are going rapidly from
bad to worse. The depressed condition
of our trade is such that we are no
longer visited by the numerous com
mercial travelers who formerly came
from England, from Germany and
from the United States. We cannot
buy their wares and improved ma
chinery, and consequently we lose the
benefit of the exchange of products,
which we formerly enjoyed. Compared
with the prosperity of former times,
when the silver of our mines was free
ly exchanged for the articles that we
needed from other countries, our busi
ness seems to be almost at a stand
still. Meanwhile the debts of our peo
ple are increasing, with apparently no
hope for future relief. Chili cannot
pay her debts except by going further
into debt, and she continues to sell
the silver she produces in London for
less than 50 cents rather than open her
mints to silver and coin it into dollars,
which would lay the foundation of im
provement in local home prices, as is
the case in Mexico today and has been
for a quarter of a century past. We
are enriching England at our own ex
pense, and our rulers are not wise
enough to see the point. It is not diffi
cult to understand why England
should be a gold standard country.
Her position was clearly stated by Mr.
Gladstone some time before his death.
Squote what he said:
"I am almost afraid to estimate the
total amount of the property which the
United Kingdom holds beyond the lim
its of the United Kingdom; but of this
Sam well convinced, that it is not to
be counted by, tens or hundreds of
nillions (of pounds) an extremely low
Ind inadequate estimate. Two thou
mand millions or even more might very
likely be nearer the mark. I think, un
ler these circumstances, it is' rather
a serious matter to ask this country
whether we are going to perform this
upreme act of self-sacrifice (the es
tablishment of bimetallism). I have a
profound admiration for cosmopolitan
principles. I can go a great length,
in moderation, in recommending their
recognition or establishment; but if
there are these two thousand millions,
r fifteen hundred millions of money,
which we have got abroad, it is a
rery serious matter as between this
-ountry and other countries. We have
aothing to pay to them. We are not
lebtors at all. We should get no com
fort or consolation out of the substi
bution of an inferior material, of a
:heaper money, which we should get
for less and part with fOr more. We
_hould get no-consolation, but the con
olation throughout the world would
e great. And this splendid spirit of
hilanthropy, which we cannot too
-Ighly praise, b4cause I have no doubt
ill this is foreseen, would result in otr
-aki.ng a present of fifty or one hun
ired mlllions to the world, It would,
1o doubt, be gratefully accepted by
he world, but I rather think the grati
tide for your benevolence Would be
nized with very grave nlagifiugs ai
a your wisdom,"
This is he lansnap ot the money
er; but wly should those who are
A debteld~.upi, all they possess for
ias benefit of the comparatively few
Who. fourih upon the acumulatIons
interest? THs the debtbr no rights
chich the treditor should respect?
Ilall all-the woed pay tribute > Zg
said because slht 4 the world's banker
.and because jahe owns many gold
Siesa and uone' that propzce silver?
Itaand is wise, but what shall.weW
sy for those nations -that willingly
ii614 thmselves victims to her -rded!
Lmnes the bllver prodimilns nations
lezico has proied herself to be the
wisest. She hJlnow the only realn,
rosperous country n the world, and
his prosperity is due to ith wisdom
ad leribtis of her rulers, All her
ther. is colaud Into dollars anud kept
t home to enrich her own people, in
lace of being soi)~abroad for less than
* cents. Strange that other silver
rodedlagi natiosisctamot see i.1is aim
I. busaineas prlheiple as Mexico sees
I, then a cil do ca uderstand thea
L lsbettgdP~'to 1dm to ketp the orange
Mexico, for Mexico now manufactures
the very goods that she formerly im
ported from England. English capi
tal also flows into Mexico by the hun
dreds of millions, because it can be
more profitably employed there than
at home. The same natural conditions
are operating against the United
States; but your people are wise and
shrewd, and as they produce nearly
two-thirds of all the silver in the
world, it is not reasonable to suppose
that they will much longer submit to
the conditions which destroy one-half
the value of one of their most impor
tant products, especially when the res
toration of that product to its natural
position would so vastly improve all
other industries. Besides, you have
the example of Mexico right at your
own doors. In Argentina we see con
ditions similar to those in Mexico,
except that her prosperity rests on the
uncertain basis of paper instead of the
solid foundation of silver. The paper
money of Argentina has tended to
stimulate production, in which there
is danger. Aided by the gold premium,
Argentina agricultural produce is
mainly sold to gold-using nations, and
the gold obtained can be turned into
paper money at the rate, at present,
of 2% paper dollars for each gold dol
lar, and as the paper dollar can buy
as much of everything, or nearly so,
as metallic money, the benefit to that
country is very considerable, so long
of course as the gold premium lasts
at the probable expense of overproduc
tion. It is the gold premium that en
ables Argentina to cojnpete with Eng
lish and American farmers, tending as
4t does to lower the prices of your
home grown food. But this advantage
cannot continue forever; over-produc
tion may some day make her a com
pulsory seller. The greatest misfor
tune that can befall agriculture in
Argentina will be the fall of the gold
premium'n to par, when she would be
on all fours as a seller with wheat
and cattle growers in competing na
tions. It is yet to be seen how Ger
many, Russia, Austria and Japan will
bear themselves under their experi
mental changes in currency from sil
ver to gold. Their power to issue
fresh gold loans seems to be exhaust
ed, and their tendency is rather to
lose than to get more gold. There are
signs of weakness in the position, and
doubts are growing as to their ability
to keep and to hold their gold accu
mulations. It will be interesting to
watch the course they will pursue in
the possible event of the failure of
their gold aspirations. The Fates may
possibly drive them back to silver.
Both Russia and Japan, are now on
their knees, begging for loans which
it seems they are not able to get.
Perhaps in the near future all the na
tions will come back to their senses,
and readopt. the system ef bimetallisni
which the experience of all ages has
proved to be better for the people
though not so good (perhaps) for the
money lenders. With much respect
I subscribe myself, Joseph Romero.
Mississippi Valley Democrat and Jour
nal of Agriculture.
BANK CREDITS COMPEL PANICS
The extreme danger to our business
interests of this arbitrary and irre
sponsible power, lodged in a few prli
vate corporations, is apparent, It is
said, however, in its defense, that the
danger is apparent only-not real;
that the banks do not desire paniics;
that they all suffer severely, and many
of them are ruined thereby.
All this may be conceded, but the
~fact remains that the system of ex
panded baink credits in the end com
pels the controlllng.banks to periodic
ally bring on a monetary panic as
their orly means to save themselves
from ruin. On Sept. 80, 1892, the ag
giegate of debts due from all the banks
in the country to their depositors was
Of this amount the sum of $3,008,
000,000 was subject to cheek and paya
ble on demand, while the amount of
cash on hand was only $586,000,000, or
itore than #6 of demand olligations to
I Qof money with which to meet them;,
ad if the savings deposlts of $1,712,
000,000, subject to payment on condi
taon4.(usually- short notice), be addqd,
amotunting to more thq~. 18 of debt to
I$ i money.
Ungder th~ condition of Ever-increas
li debts, due from the banks to their
depositore, caused by the ever-expand
ing system of fictitious bank credits,
combined with a relatively stationary
or diminishing supply of money with
which to meet them, it is plain thit
the time must come when any unusual
demand for aloney due to any foreign
or domestl disturbance In business
will burst this widely expanded bub
ble of credit, and banks and people
alike go-do'wn together fn a common
r~u. -Thisiss even-true of the most
pnseratlve baks,. which- ar:. corm
~itel: to Eflow the -o~4 of the 'pec.
ut1ire baaltn as will hereatter ap
Church Street, near Iron Bridge, Natchltoches, La.
New Buildings, Now Buggies, Fresh Horses, ExperiencedManager.
Dlrummer's Outfitted on Short N_. dce. 'Bus Meet all Trains.
Horses oared for by tLo day, week or month. Put up with us when you
come to town. Best line of Foed to be hud.
Mc. K. HOLSTON.
Services at the Methodist church
every First and Third Sundays at 11
a. m. and 7:30 p. m., by the pastor,
Rev. H. Armstrong. Prayer meeting
every Wednesday night at 7:80 o'clock.
BAPtler-M. E. Weaver, pastor.
Regular services, Second and Fourth
Sundays at 11 a. m. and 8 p. m.; Oun
day school, 10 a. m.; prayer meeting,
Wednesday, 8 p. m. All invrited.
Phoenix Lodge No. 88, . F. &
.-Simpoe Walmsley, W. .; J. ý.
'richel Jr., Seo. Meets ýiat and
Third Wednesdays at 7 p. m.
Castle Hall No. 89, Kiigh s of Pyth
ias.-U. P. Breazeale, C. C.; Adolph
L'Heriseon, K. of B. & S. M~oet
Second and Fourth Thursdays at 8
Criminal Term-First Mondays in
June and December.
First Mondays in March and Octo
First Monidays in April and Novem
A. E. Iams. J. B. TooUaD.
LEMEE & TUCKER,
General Insurance, Land Agents, lotaries Public
ABSTRACTS OF TITLES A SPECIAL Tr.
Represent FIDELITY COMPANIES. aafig a* s xonr alln
Offce,, Opposite Court House.
3stablthed in 1889
General Iuranee .Agency.
U. P. BREAZEALE,
[SIeemorkt Aleoxnder, tl m Breasealte.)
Represents FirstClass Companies in Life and Fire Insurance
Representing als4 United States Fidelity & Guaranty Company,
of Badtimore, for bonds and Seourities.
Prompt Attention to Business. ::: Country Business a Sp6cialty
Ofce on St. Dennis Street, NATWITOCHBS, LA.
Call on me before plaoing yoUr tlsuranoo luaewshore.
TIJ P. Breazeale,
STATE NORMAL SCHOOL
N a tehoitoe, , La.
AI1UtN GIONURQ0 &R0 TJRA4OEI , nA tID d by the Stat.
of Louisiana, offers a four years' cureasef rp, s0,$46
frreseh,'Latin, Mathematics, Drawing, Bookkeeping lo
erature, Music Natural BSinoes, Psyohology and Pedagogy; tar
terms of professionlastudy, one year of daily praotice in model schools. Di.
ploma entitles graduates to teaoh in any publio sohool of Louisiana without
Four-well equipped buildings, a4fth now under construction; goot lab'
oratories, library and reading room. Grounds of 100 seret beautifully lo,
citod and improved; excellent Itesth conditions and opportunities for phys.
dial training and ecreaotoin. Dormitories accommodate 200 yonag ladieas;
gentlemen bhard ls private families.
OPaulty of sixteen trained teachers; 441 students last session Tuition
free to those who intend to teach; total necessary expense $106 for session
o eight months. Fall term begins OTOBERB 8, 1898.
For eatalogue write to
B. C. C'ALD WELL, Presideen.
Jom H. Tusa, President. D. C. So&ubaro osd , Secretary.
- Jom A. Bsraw, Treasurer and General Manager.
GIVANOVICH OIL O
',.,. IFpr taturers and Dealers in all kinds fq l I o .,
QT: Q : .SEED: PRODUCTS.
Dr. C. Scaborough. H. M.Carv et
SCARBOROUGH & CARVER,
ArronENs AT Law,
NATCYtITOCOES, - ,LOUISIANA,
Will praotice in the District Courts is
the Perishes of Natohitoohes, Red
River and gabine, and in the Supreme
Court of Louaisuan, and the U. S. Dis.
triot and Circuit Courts for the West.
ern Distriot of Louisiana. 1 17 ly.
C. H. PROTHRO,
Pysrazox AmN SUnoEON,
NATCHITOOHES, - LOUISIANA.
Diseasee of Women and
Children a Specialty.
Offioe on St. Dennis Street.
SkAUEL J. HENRY,
AsroNUT AT LAW,
Will practice in all the State and Fed.