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St Martinsville, L a.
EASTIN 4 BIENVENU.
'IThere are a million more women than
men in Germany.
The bad driving of the Paris cabmen
has impelled the "Syndicat du sport
Francais" to offer a prize for competition
More than $500,000,000 worth of min
eral products came from the mines of
this nation last year, according to the
report just issued.
Experiments in raising tobacco in
South Australia have been highly suc
aisful, and the crop will hereafter re
ive much attention.
About 500,000 persons hold Govern
ment tobacco licenses. Fully 500,000
in addition find employment in raising,
handling and manufacturing it.
Dr. Robert Morris, who recently died
at La Grange, Ky., was one of the two
poet laureates which Freemasonry has
had in all its history. Robert Burns
was the first.
The late Paris census shows six thou
sand nine hundred and fifteen Ameri
cans, fourteen thousand seven hundred
and one English, and thirty-five thou
sand seven hundred and eight Germans.
According to London Truth, the
mother of Germany's new Empress
iould have married in 1852 the Em
pbror Napoleon III. but for the opposi
tion of Queen Victoria and the Prince
Consort, to whom as Princess of Hohen
lohe-Langenburg, she was closely re
An estate situated in the business por
tion of the village of Port Chester, in
the township of Hye, N. Y., val td at
$15,000,000, and which was leased for
100 fears, is about to revert to the heirs
of its original owners, through the dis
covery of a record which has gust come
The decline in value of hill town
farms in 3las-achusetts is put by the
Chicago Tines at fifty per cent. during
the last ten years. A well improved fare
near Greentield, valued at j7o.00, brought
recently $3600 at a forced sale. The
shrinkage in several town values has
been from $:100,000 to $800,000.
One of the most remarkable mechani
cal changes of the day, declares the
Ecientir' A,,erican, is the setting aside
of steel and the readoption of iron for
some of the most important parts of lo.
comotives on many railroads. It is only
comparatively a few years since the
change was made, on most roads, from
iron to steel.
In the approaching evolutions of the
French fleet off Toulon, captive balloons
are to be emploced-a new idea in
naval mani uvres. The apparatus is to
be supplied from the army aerostatic
school at Chalais-Meudon, and will be
sent to sea on board a pontoon, which
will be towed by one of the veusels of
the squadron, and from it the ascents
will be made.
"An extraordinary scene," says the
Nashville (Tenn.t Anoric in, "took place
at the funeral, in Penzance, of Thomas
Oates, who had drownea himself in con
sequence, it was said, of an unhappy
home. lie had lived with his wife and
mother-in-law. Two thousand persons
attended the funeral. When the clergy
man left the mob tried to hustle the
young widow and her mother into the
grave. Failing in this, they stripped
the young woman of her widow's dress,
bonnet, gloves and wedding ring. A
policeman got her into the sexton's
house, and he and three volunteers of
the peace.saw her safely hcme. They
were followed by a jeering and shouting
crowd, the worst among whom were
A New York woman, Mrs. Schaffner,
has been giving bail for so many people
at the Tombs thyt the other day the le
cvrder refused to accept her as security.
He said: ''I think Mrs. SchalTner has a
mania for going bail. She will go all to
pieces some day and won't have a cent left
in the world. I to accept bail
Stilson Hutchin, the Washington
newspaper proprietor, proposes to buy a
place at Amherst, where Horace Greeley
was born, and present it. to the State of
Except last year there has been more
railroad track laid so far in this country
than during any previous year.
A Ballad of Nomenta.
All through the hours of night,
1he unremitting rain
Beats with its footsteps ligh
Upin the window-l ane;
Again and yet again,
The raindrop count aright,
To ears of slumber fain,
The moments in their flight
How slow, alas, how slow
The reckoning they recite
As moments come and go!
When Dawn leads up her brigh
Young Hours, a rosy train,
How ready for delight
The world and we remain!
For burdens that constrain,
And shadows that affright,
Old memories that complain,
And dreams in black bedight
The presages of woe
Have lost their dismal might
As moments come and go.
The moments that in spite
Distil the tears of pain,
Descend like infinite
Raindrops, on heart and braia
Each one a separate bane;
But moments that alight
Like dewfall on the grain,
Refresh us and requite
So gently, none may know
Or sound of them or sight,
As moments come and go.
Ballad, in black and white
Make now this sentence plain
Bear witness thereunto;
Wrong shall give way to right
And night of day be slain,
As moments come and go.
-[Portland (Me) Transcript.
A NARROW ESCAPE
6Y I. F. I'FFOItD.
One morning in August, after we had
been at the Sierra La Sal about five
weeks, I set off to shoot "cotton-tails."
I took a double-barrelled shot-gun, and
proceeded on horse back as far as the
corrals and log cabin of a squad of cat
tie men, three miles below our camp.
Four cowboys and a herd boss, named
Little, were here patrolling the upper
line of an extensive range, on which
were grazing fifteen or twenty thousand
head of the half-wild Texas cattle of
these western ranchos.
As it was already past "sun-up," I
was not surprised to find no one at the
corrals; the boys were all out on the
range. Dismounting and tying my pony
inside the horse-pen, I first arranged my
cartridges and other equipments for
rapid loading, and then started forth
on foot over the rough ground beyond
Furrowed in a zigzag course across
the plain was a dry, shallow arroyo, at
this time of year well stocked with the
small game I was after, and in the
course of an hour or so I had as many
birds as I could comfortably carry. And
then, after a short rest, I climbed out
on the plain, and took a short cut for
the corrals. My course led me along
the upper edge of the cattle, who were
grazing in scattered "bunches" all over
the lower end of the valley.
I had gone perhaps half a mile, when
I became aware of a strange commotion
among the feeding thousands. For it
chanced that I had now come upon a
little swell of land, somewhat higher
than the surroundinr plain, and had
stopped for a momet to watch the pas
toral scene. Presently I noticed that
the cattle were no longer grazing
quietly in groups, but seemed, as by a
common impulse, to be moving up the
valley. I could see bunch after bunch
lift their heads, and, after watching for
a short time the movements of those in
front, join in the slow procession.
My first thought was that the cow
boys, for some reason or other, were
driving them toward the corral; but
then I reflected that if such were the
case, those in the rear would be the
first to start, instead of, as was the
case, following the lead of those in
front. Besides, instead of stopping to
snatch an occasional mouthful of grass,
as they would do if they were being
driven, they came on with heads in the
air, as though attracted by some curious
It was not long before the whole
drove was in motion, and, as Iwatched,
I noticed that the drift was not in
parallel, but in convergent lines, as
though they were attracted to a com
mon centre, and in another instant it
flashed over me that that centre was
A very strange sensation stole ever
me at this discovery, and I now remem
bered Little's saying once that while
these Texas cattle do not mind a man
on horseback, it would be a dangerous
thing to go amongst them on foot-the
sight of a dismounted man being almost
unknown to them, since the cowboys
As I looked at the slow-moving thonu
sands I could wel imagine that even
if curiosity was the only motive impell
ingethem, yet the momentum of those
in the rea:r might so press the forward
ranks that a man would have little
chance to escape being trodden to death
by the pushing throng.
But there was strong reason to sus
pect that less innocent motives than
mere curiosity might actuate them, for
I knew the untamed, violent nature of
his half-wild stock, and that they were
not to be trifled with.
As yet the distant red-brown throngs
were only slowly drifting toward me but
I thought that I detected symptoms of
uneasiness in those in front, and at
once concluded that I had better, in
the plains vernacular, "hustle myself
and hunt my hole."
The distance to the corrals was two
miles or more. I knew that I could not
reach that point and at once decided to
seek safety in the arroyo, which lay
behind me-about half a mile, as I
have already said. The thought struck
me, too, that to run, or even to turn
my back upon them, might incite and
draw this curious, living avalanche
headlong upon me. I therefore stepped
backward as quickly as I could, still
facing the oncoming multitude.
The leaders of the advancing herd
were no more than two or three hundred
yards in front of me, and I had retreat
ed some fifty yards, stepping quickly
backward, when the foremost of my
pursuers quickened their pace into a
slow trot, an example followed by those
behind, till, like a wave, a movement
had communicated itself to those
furthest in the rear.
And now the trot, which had been
gradually quickening, broke into an
awkard gallop, and the whole herd
charged down upon me.
For a moment-as I saw the semi
circle of converging colums, saw the
long horns sweeping the ground, like
march reeds before a November gale,
saw the plunging shoulders and heav
ing backs surging through the clouds
of white dust which rolled up before
them-I gave myself up for a doomed
man. Then, abandoning all further
effort at caution, I turned and ran for
The ground behind me trembled
under the tread of their myriad feet;
and the mutll2d thunder of their plung
ing hoofs, mingled with the low, fitful
bellowing which filled the air, sounded
like the roar of an advancing tornado.
(un and game were too much to carry
in a race where so much was at stake.
I dropped them both as I sped onward.
The ground was as level as a floor;
and I flew over it, taking the stunted
sage-bushes in my stride, till I reached
the arrayo. Then over the bank, and
down, at one flying leap, I went; and
now, noticing, to my right, a detached
mass of rocks, piled up in a pyramidal
form, I turned sharply, gained them,
and, clambering upward, stood in a
place of safety.
It was only about three feet across,
but dearer to me, ui;t then, than all the
broad acres of my father's farm at home.
From this, my "coign of vantage," I
now marked the surging mob of cattle
come crowding to the brink of the ar
royo and then, as the hundreds in the
rear pressed forward, I saw the front
ranks, by the dozen, pushed off into
the gully, slipping, sliding, plunging,
one after another, till the ravine seemed
half filled with them and the white
dust rose like mi,t from the pit of a
All around that little crag upon which
I half sat, half lay, like an exhau-ted
swimmer just escaped from a hungry
sea, heaved and billowed the tempes
tuous bovine maelstrom with
Like Ocean on its wintry shore,"
their white horns flashing like the foam
on the breakers. The sight of me,
perched up there, seemed to madden
them. The foremost, impesled by the
weight of the swaying thousands be
hind, were forced close a-ainst the
rocks, while those in the rear gored
viciously with their horns at those in
front. Everywhere about me was a tu
multuous throng of clashin~ horns, toss
ing heads and writhing bodies, seen fit.
fully through clouds of dust.
I was safe for the time being, and in
no great physical discomfort; yet I
could but wonder what the outcome of
it all would be, or how I should ulti
But suddenly, above the dull roar of
the surging, bellowing throng, I heard
the sound of yelling voices down the
arroyo. The cowboys were coming!
and in a few minutes Little, "Bob,"
"Charlie," and "Kid" came in sight,
riding at full speed, their long cattle
whips cracking'like pistol-shots as they
charged upon my besiegers, while they
whooped in true cowboy polyglot:
"Hil hi'l" "Vaca: vacl'" "Who
bawl" "Git!" "Vamos pi-a-a-al" "Br
r-r-r!" "See-ah! See-ahl" "'G lana
At the sound of the voices and the
cracking whips, and at the sight of the
charging vaqueros, the cattle on the
outskirts of the crowding herd became
panic-stricken, turned and scampered
up the array o, or climbed the shelving
banks and dashed away across the val
The fright soon communicated itself
to the rest; and in a few moments all
this thronging mob of stock had melted
away and were coursing off in all direc
tions across the plain-forming what is
known in cattle parlance as a "blazing
The siege being thus raised, I de
scended from my little natural citadel
and looked up my gun, which had been
fairly trampled into the earth and had
both cocks broken short off. My bunch
of game had fared still worse; and,
rather ingloriously, I mounted behind
Charlie and rode down to the corrals,
fully resolved to follow his advice, al
though, as he put it, it had a strong
flavor of an Irish bull
Said he: "The next time you go out
shooting here afoot, you'd better have
a hose under ye."-[Youth's Compan.
The African Butter Plant.
An English gentleman, who lived for
some years in South Africa, chatting
with a New York Telegram reporter,
"Wait till trade gets lively between
this country and Africa, and the Orange
county dairy men will have something
besides oleomargarine to fight.
"There's a butter plant over there
that turns out regular premium butter.
It grows wild in the country around the
equator; a twig of the tree when in
leaf looks not unlike a twig broken from
the Scotch pine, only instead of the
bunch of needles at the end, a bunch of
long narrow leaves spring out.
"The fruit is like an olive. The ker
nels are dried in the sun, and then
boiled in water and out of them the na
tives make butter as firm and sweet as
any Orange county butter you ever saw;
it's white, though, not yellow. It
don't have to be salted and it will keep
for a year.
"Its maau'acture is a big industry in
Africa. In India, too, where different
species of the plant grow, the butter
making is largely carried on. Some of
the trees there are grown in plantations
on the coast, others grow on the moun
tains, and are 50 feet, or more, in
"They say the butter is good for rheu
matism and all sorts of contractions of
the muscles, and they use it for lamp
oil and for soap. The wood is valuable,
a'so, and, altogether, the butter tree
isn't a bad thing to have around.
"One of the species, though, sort of
mixes things; it's a dairy and distillery
all in one; butter is made from the
seeds, and a strong intoxicating liquor
from the flowers. When Africa is
fairly opened, there'll be lots of queer
things brought to the American mar
Tree Roots as Sewer Obstructions.
Professor F. H. Knowlton of St.
Louis pre pared a paper on a case of
sewer obstruction by tree roots. A
map of fibrous roots was exhibited
which was taken from an obstructed
sewer in this city by Mr. Burns, of the
G;eological Survey. The distance to
which roots sometimes penetrate, Pro
fessor Kowilton said, is remarkable.
The roots of clover have been found
nine feet below the surface, and those
of parsnips fourteen feet. Roots of elm
have been known to obstruct an aque
duct 370 feet distant, and in one in
stance a tile drain was filled which was
450 feet away. Some roots absorb
moisture only from free or liquid water,
while others will die if placed in such
water and can obtain their supply only
from such hydroscopic water, or that
which adheres to the particles of or
dinary soil This fact explains why the
roots of certain trees are troublesome in
drains and of others not.--- LStar -Sayings
Legend of Indian Wampum.
An IcaiJan of the Onondaga reserva
tionin New Yo;k gave to a legislative
committeemesn the following tradition
concerning tihe wampum: '"There is a
tree set in tk. ground and it touches
the heavens. Under that tree sits
this wampum. It sits on a log. Coals
of fire are unquenchable, and the Six
Nations are at this touncil fire held by
this tribe. To-do-'e-ho, a member of
the Bear clan, is the great chief here.
Hie has a deceudant in our tribe today;
his nams is FidehbL gegs . One of the
uses of the wampum. is for a symbol in
the election of offcers. The wampum
bearer keeps the trMties of the nation."
Saccharine appears to cause nausea
and dyspeptio symptoms.
The Laplanders, although small l
stature, have very large skulls.
Resin, as used in building paper,
being largely replaced by a petrole
product called "still wax," or was,
The northern hemispheres conta.
fourteen per cent. of the cold region
thirty-five per cent. of the tempera
and fifty-one per cent. of the hot.
In a paper on "Earthquake. Sound%*
Professor Milne suggests that there Is a
close connection between the souals
that precede the shock and the smallsr
vibrations that bear a like relation to
Professor Daniel Klirkwood points out
that seven of the twenty known come8
of short period have disappeared, elits
by breaking into fragments, like Bielg
comet, or by the transformation of the
Sable Island, in the north Atlantie, I
fast disappearing. Some years ago it
was forty miles long by two and a qur.
ter wide but it has shrunk to nineteft
and a half miles in length and less them
one in width.
Waters which circulate or stand i4
leaden pipes or vessels, not only taks
up particles of lead through mechanlil
action due to friction, but attack theI
metal, the result of this being generally
An instrument called the phonozean.
graph is intended by the Due de Feltre to
indicate the direction of any distagt
sound. A microphonic plate of peculiar
construction is moved about until the
maximum effect is obtained.
The surface of the Mediterranean has
been found by accurate measurement to
lie a little below that of the ocean, t
resembling somewhat a shallow funnd
with greatest depth coinciding with
the region where the water is most salt.
In a paper recently read before one oe
the English associations of engineers
the writer asserted that, according to
the present methods of dealing with
the motive power of the steam engine,
only some 20 per cent. was made avail.
able, 80 per cent. of the energy de*
veloped in the furnace being thrown
In a recent lecture, Mr. J. Ilutchia.
son expressed the belief that arsenle
may produce cancer. Its effect upos
the skin is most marked, but it may
spoil the complexion iustead of improv
ing it, by making it muddy and us.
sightly. It may also cause soft corns to
grow on the palms of the hands aid
soles of the feet.
While the most rapid cannon sholl
scarcely attain a velocity of 600 yards a
second, over 1500 knots per hour, me
teorites are known to penetrate the air
with a velocity of 40.000 or even 60,4
000 yards per second, a velocity which
raises the air at once to a temperatuw
of 4000 or 6000 centigrade.
The reported discovery of the "elizr
of life" in baths of acetic acid, applid
daily, has elicited some interesting sd.
entific comments. These demonstrati
the biological impossibility of living
forever, and show that Scottish phy4
cians have used acetic acid since 1815
for dissolving away dead tissue from
diseased joints, etc., and have thus
fected some remarkable cures.
For a quick filter take a ccsr puis
of chimeis skin, free from thus plaeb
cut it of the dedred length, wash i
a weak solution of sal sola or any
kali to remove the grease, and
thoroughly in cold water before usi
Tinctures, elixirs, airups, and even
cilages are, says a writer i2 Drulg
Circular, filtered rapidly. A pint of
thickest sirup will run through is f
or five minutes. By washing thoron
ly after each time of using it will last
A Cure for Hydrophoblia.
Says the L ncoln (Neb.) Journal:
you inadvertently happen to be
landed proprietor of a mad dog,
might be well to read the folio
proposal made by a Mr. Hanllon of
souri, sent by that gentleman to
editor of a medical paper: 'Sir, in y
issue of the 31 inst. it mentioned
case of hydrophobia where a man
from the bite of a dog, but I will
you that if the tan's friends went
killed the dog and took his heart
liver and cooked them, telhling him
was lamb s, and that he was desIred
eat it and drink the soup, he w
not get hydrophobia. If you t
this is not true, let the medical I
ty make up $1000 and I will allow a
dog to bite me. He must be c
and given to me.' "