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K. SCHWARTZ & CO.,
The Union Made Shoes
-"WHIeH ARE THE BEST IN THE WORLD,
EVERY PAIR GOES OUT WITH A GUA
Price $2,50 and $3.50
K. SCHWARTZ & eO.
" . . . . . z ._ w.l_ .._ .. . . ...
iP ". t;:.·'...:. '.. . .: .... .. . ...
oe Weekly Messenger,
VBLI)HBED EvER BATm1DA! AT
ST. MARTINVILLE, - LA.
ALHERT IIIKNVKNU. - Proprietor.
i,.\ALAIl/K I;IKNVENU. - - Pnblisher.
0Di Journal to the Town of st. Martiaville.
M~trhription $14 a year invariably li advance
SATURDAv, AUG. 12, 1905.
"Wiology Practically Applied.
PRACTICAL POINTS ABOUT THE MOS
THINOS THAT EVERYONE CAN UNDER
$TAND AND SHOULD KNOW.
C(OMMUINITIE& WHICH HAVE No MOB
QUITOF' CAN DENELOP NO CASES.
[G((norge E. Beyer professor of
Biology of Tulane; one of the pio- t
neer investigators of the mosquito I
in its relation to disease; a mem
ber of the "United States Commis
sions for the Investigation of Yel- i
low Fever" at Vera Cruz, where, I
by the way, taking charge of the I
situation, be ridded that city of I
fever for the first time in its his- I
tory by destroying the mosquito.
To-day it has not a case of fever.
Writes to the HARLEQUIN as fol-.
There are several questions con- J
noctted the .egomyia fasciata, or A
"yellow fever mosquito") which
take on a naturally acute interest t
now that scientific investigation £
has revealed, beyond a reasonable £
doubt, that this insect alone is re
sponsible for the transmission of i
the disease. C
''theste questions are, necessarily, I
all intensely practical. c
FIRST -THE LENGTH OF LIFE
oF THIS MOaSUITd. (Let it be I
borne in mind that, in this discus- i
siu, allusion is made to the fe- v
mtle only. The male is iucompe- i
tent to pierce the skin, by reason
of hit' anatomical difference of l
structure of its proboscis or mouth g
parts. It lives on free plant-jui- li
The female lives from its time ii
of birth to the moment that her ti
last egg has been deposited ino the e
water, which in the natural state, c
should be accomplished in about d
a week's time; provided that, dur- p
ing that time, fertilization and a to
meal of blood has boen furnished. n
If these two factors are missing, tI
tlhe length of life may be oxteu- tt
ded, at least as experimenotally it
proven (during the summer) to
sixty.four days or more. If, now, it
a female, after being fertilized, oh,- I c
tains a meal of blood from a yel
low-fever sufferer, she will not be
able to lay her eggs before a per
iod of twelve days or more. She
becomes ill; and, not until after
- recovery in twelve or more days,
'· is she able to lay her eggs. Ill as
she was and starving as she is, she
seeks her natural food, to mature
- the uulaid eggs. It is then that,
°biting a non-immune, she trans
mits the disease.
QUARANTINES.-In the face of the
proven fact of mosquito-trausmis
sion of yelleow fever, the present
quarantine regulations, as institu
ted by state, parish, town, or couni
- ty. it must be said:
All communities which impose
I quarantine against a place where
the fever prevails, plead guilty to
a harboring the "yellow-fever mos
FOR NO MATTER HOW MANY PER
- 5ONS ENTER A COMMUNITY IT WOULD
, BE IMPOSSIBLE TO PROPAGATE THE
DISEASE, TO FURNISH ONE
f NEW CASE, WITHOUT THE PRE
- KENCE OF THE "YELLOW-FEVER MOS
Under this proviso, the absence
of the "yellow-ferer mosquito,"
no community needs shut itself off
- for corn mmercial or passenger com
Provide a thousand yellow-fe
t ver patients and no mosquilto, and
you havwe fever in the thousand
/ you brought in.
The moral is, for our city, as
f well as all other communities of
our state: "Don't harbor the yel
low-fever mosquito. And your
commercial and personal relations
need never be interrupted."
To prove these last assertions:
Human experiments, which de
were fully explained in the HAR
LEQUIN'S last issue.
Since it was proven absolutely
to the satisfaction of all investi
I gators in that field that only the
living and infected mosquito could
transmit the disease and that it was
impossible to do it through the
transportation of merchandise or
even directly, through heavily so
called articles, which had been in
direct contact with yellow-fever
patients, it was deemed necessary
to find out whether infected or
non-infected mosquitoes of the
stegomyia kind, could Ibe trauspor
ted in the baggage of travelors or
Infected mosquitoes were placed
in cages of various sizes and tJose
cages were packed in trunks, box
- es and chests, containing weari og
s apparel, blankets, hardware and
all other things.
9 These receptacles were closed
r in their natural way and left stan
ding, or, were thrown around like
s all other transported baggage for
3 from two to twenty-four hours; in
a no case was ever found a living
How, therefore, the disease can
be conveyed by merchandise can
be explained only by those who
e know absolutely nothing at all
3 about the principles of the trans
- mission of this disease-a point
t we shall take up immediately.
THIRD-THE PRINCIPLE OF
TTRNSHISSiON.-Without going into
scientific details, enough is known
to have demonstated beyond doubt
> that an infected female mosquito
- requires not lees than twelve days,
after being herself infected, to
- transmit the disease.
This clearly shows that the nooe
quito can under no circumstances
directly and immediately transfer
- the actual cause or parasitic of the
yellow fever, but that the cause or
parasite does require the agency
of the life-fnnctions of the insect
into which it was transferred
r through the blood of the yellow
fever patient for at least twelve
It must be clear, therefore, to
every thinking and intelligent man
that it is absolutely useless to en
tertaiu the idea that yellow-fever
can be transmitted in any other
way than in that explained: that
is, the parasite requires for the de
velopment, in all of its life stages,
two definite hosts-one, man; and
the other, the female stlegomyia
A Warning to Mothers.
Too much care cannot be used with
small children during the hot weather
of the summer months to guard against
bowel trouoles. As a rule it is only ne
cessary to give the child a dos of eastor
oil to correct any disorder of the bowels.
Do not use any substitute. but give the
oli-fashioned caster oil, and see that it
is fresh. as rancid oil nauseate and has
has a tendency to gripe. If this does
not check the bowels give Chamberlain's
Colic. Cholera and Diarrhoea Remedy
and then a does of castor oil. and the
disea.i may be checked in its incipiency
and all danger avoided. The caster oil
and this remedy should be procured at
one, and kept ready for instant use as
.u as the first indication of any bowel
trouble appears. This is the most suc
oeesful treatment known and may be re
lied upon with implicit confidence even
in cases of cholera infantum. For sale
by T. J. Labbe.
TINE REGULATIONS.-If, as under
the present circumstance, the "yel
low-fever mosquito is still permit
ted to exist in and about human
habitations, the danger of the in
troduction of a person who, know
ingly or not, carries the cause of
the disease, must be guarded
Therefore, non-immune persons
leaving localities, where the fever
exists, should not be permitted to
enter localities free from the dis
ease, (if such have the stegomyia)
under less than six days.
Experimentally, it has been
shown that the incubation period
of the disease may be as long as
PLACES WHICH HAVE NOT THE
YELLOW-FEVER MOSQUITO NEED NO
FIFTH-KILL THE MOSQUITO.
For the present, but one motto is
to be followed, and that is: "KILL
THE STEOOMYIA FABCIATA!"
Direct all your attention to oil
ing and screening your cisterns
and water barrels.
Clean your back yards of tin
cans, and water receptacles and
kill the mosquitoes in your houses
and rooms; and after you have
done this, go on and clean the city
if you please.
But, right now, the great work
is, kill the stegomyia fasciata.
THE DIRTIEST CITY IN THE WORLD,
FREE FROM STEOOMYIA FASCIATA
CANNOT BREED YELLOW FEVER, AND
THE CLEANEW1'CITY IN THE WORLD,
HARBORING THIS INSECT, WILL NE
VER BE FREE FROM THE DANGER OF
VISITATIONS OF THE DISEASE.
SIXTH-HABITS OF THE FACI
ATA.-The "yellow fever mosquito"
I Is bred in clean water, cisterns, etc.
After its birth, it makes directly
for the house.
It lives in the house.
They do not go out of the house.
The are intensely domestic.
They are active chiefly during
At night, they hide in corners,
behind furniture, under the bed
and give preference to wearing ap
parel hung up against the wall, or
in armoire, left opens. (The mos
quitoes that annoy us at night are
varieties of gutter-mosquitoes
which enter the house at dusk and
fly out at morning. Repeated and
varied experimentation has failed
to produce one case of yellow-fe.
ver trasmited by any of these va
rieties by any other mosquito than
the slegomyia fascialr. )
All the stegomyia which infest
any house may be destroyed at a
blow by closing the house and fu
migating it by burning pyrethrum
powder or sulphur fumes for one
The latter (suealphur fumes) will
kill them-the former will only
stun them, but they will fall to the
floor and may be swept up and
This, in conjunction with the
screening and oiling of the cisterns
and all open pure-water recepta
cles, must he done.
GEORGE E. BEYER.
$'oo REWARD, $0oo.
The readers of this paper will be plea
sed to learn that there is at least one
dreaded disease that cltene has been
able to care in all its stages, and that is
Catarrh. Hall's Catarrh Cure is the oo
ly posItive cure now known to the medi
cal fraternity. Catarrh being a consti
tutional disease, requires a constitutioo
al treatment. Hall's Catarrh Cure is
taken internally, acting directly upon
the blood and mucous of the disease, and
giving thie patient strength by building
up the cunstitution and assisting nature
in doing its work. The proprietors have
so much faith in its curative powers
that they offer One Huadred Dollirs for
any case that it fails to ecire.
Send for testimonials free.
F. J. CHENEY & CO., Toledo. O.
Sold by all Druggists.
Take HIall's Family Pills for constipation.
GI Rnll SIlmlS BAI
6111BA11 sa 1vo UK
& TIUOT COIIlt
me. a s e..0 La.
The se-Seet Sadp 8=m1 Seg.
caMnaL a seestus, MaW
WSesree bLk .'
asm er a meM
Frs. . e.q ib..
Archbishop Chapelle Dead.
Archbbishop P. L. Chapell.
death was announced here W
nesday evening, and spread eog.
row among the people of St. Mar.
tinville. The Archbishop fell
victim of the dreadful yellow fe
he was sick only three or foet
A TOUCHING STORY
is the saving from death, of the
hoby girl of Geo. A. Eyler, Conum
berlanud, Md. He write,: "At t
age of 11 months, our little
was in declining health, with sor'
ous Throat Trouble, and two ph
sicians gave her up. We were
most in despair, when we resolved`
to try Dr. King's New Disovevery
for consumption, coughs and colde,
The first bottle gave relief; altet
taking four bottles she was ureudC
and is now in perfect health." Nek4
ver fails to relieve and care a alle
or cough. At T. J. LAasis dran.
store; 50c and $1,00 guaranted. A
trial bottle free.
Dr. R. D. Voorhies of Lafa
does not seem to believe that
mosquito is the only mesm
communicating yellow fever, as *
member of the Board of Healtblti
Lafayette, he makes the followiut'g
motion, which was adopted: .
On motion of Dr. R. D. Voorbles, a -
seconded. It was resolved, That the III'
ern I'acifIc railroad be allowed to chaI
crews at Avondale: that the crews fIt*
New Orleans and Algiers, and those frm e
Lafayette. be camped at least half 4:
mile apart, and that no mingliug whlp
ever be permitted between said crews.it
tralinl leaving Avondale not to step
any infected place, Resolved furtbhrw,
That the City Conneil will appoint a in'A
liable and honorable man to see that
this resolution is carried out to the l"e
ter; and that any resolution pasesed sa
leiting with tuis resolution is revoked.,
Where can there be any danger.
of the mingling of healthy pereou
mangy miles away from that tow,
if there was not, in the minds d
the members of the Lafayette
board, fear that the disease can t
communicated by contact or inter.
course of people from a healthy
and an infected place.
Some. of the towns and parishes
have shlot gun quarantine, they es
tirely snespend passenger, mail and
freight trains, and yet, the first ea s
of fever they have, they rush tele
grams to New Orleans for medical
experts to see it it is notyelloW
fever, they do not seem to tbiak
that this expert te a human bt.
ing like the rest of them, and a
liable to carry the disease as as
other passengers. Lafayette is
closed like an oyster, but allows
in delegates from other places to
discuss quarantine matters. What
difference there is between the do-'s
legates and other people? Iberis
parish quarantine against New Or .
leans, but allows two ladies t
come to their home on the Daspit
plantation, near the lines of Si
Martin parish, and then quara's
tine the home of these ladies. I
all this not ridiculous?