Newspaper Page Text
Education * * Freedom in
Organization RS4 Industrial
I'ubhlishd WV'" kly by National Industrial Irnion of Forest and Lumber
\Vorkers, Southern IDistrict.
COVINGTON HALL, Editor.
Yearlyv. Ini teil Stat'a .. .................... .. .......... ........$1.00
Six Months, I nited States .................. ...................... .50
Foreign, Yearly .................................................. 1.50
Hundle Orders, i'er ('oply (in ('anadas ............................... .02%
Bundle Orders. 'Per ('opy (in I'tlied States) ........................ .02
Ilundl's, Orders of 5.s or more (Hpot ('ash) Per ('opy................ .01 %
Single ('opit' ....................................................... 05
('ash milstt iclllompanlly ill orders.
NATIONAL, iNII'STI.rIA, I'NIO(N OF I' tir''ST AND LITMIII'7It WOItKRS
THEoI" rlIN I ISTRI(I"].
Ilitrict Ilheadquarlters ...... ....11t 4 (Golid Aven'IIIe, Alexandria. Louisiana
A. I,. Km.erson ....................... .'General Organizer Houthern I)istric't
.Jay Smith ............... ..................S Hecretary Southern Dlistrict
A. I,. Guilllory .. .... . ............. ......... Trel'asurer Southern D)Istriet
EXI,('I"I'TIV'E IOA Alt) .SI'I'IIERN I)ISTltIC(T'.
Ed Lehman, E. EI. Shaw. K I,. Ashworth, '. MI. ('olilns. II. It. Gordon.
nlit re'd as Scolnld ('lass Mail Matter. Jantuary 9th. 191:1. at the Post Otflce
at Alexandria. la., undel'r the Act of March 31, 1879.
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Democracy's Unlimimited Might.
Bi! Criimgt,, Hall.
"'For masses, as for individuals, self-restraint is the art of
arts," says the editor of the Timv)ns-)'mocrrt. This is o(lyp3art
ly true, for there are times when the individual should throw
self-restraint to thakv ndls, eilste his very soul is Il,'u; alndl this is
also true of masses, for there cionti.t a time in the life of every
nation whein the. miasses should restrain themselves no longer,
even Itlouligh it me'ans their total annihilation, for self-restraint
imay Ine virtue amll2 again it may ie sin, foltst'elft'-restrain is closely
loitldl tip with pr.'vailing religious and moral i(deas, which, in
Iurn, are governedI by economic interests, sit'hat in the to(da.-'ff
lime what wouli h(e self-restraint to the capitalist class wouhl
be self-damnation to the workers. The virtue o(f self-restraint,
like the 'irtuc of dulty, dipends on how and toward whom it is
e.xerc.iscd, I.fr I o~we, n, duty to) the enlslav\er.. ofI manklbil,, andl
should show n', self-restraint tiiw;irnI thim, stvi', i ,,vy |hf' silt
restlaint that inalili'.- til, i ini t i ,t ilt iwl,'r thlem ,f tht , i'rt'Ih
they hain jilunit rl fr,,vi r hu ra,'a.
AIt I it ,lut w th1' t : " "I l r dimi iitill';ntriiit, ;- fut Iiv . thl , -''re't'
f,,r th,'l, ;,I', no, "limiti ." 1, th,, "vnlght" ,of dhemocr~ucies.- ,,l.-
mul on mwan alen, midl the hi.t,,y if' this race, of' ourls denies thatl
hI rei an itv Iiit limit t th, m, ilith of ain;in, to'" man was never a
"fallhn,v. I bu is anv ev\,r-rising lbiwng. All "th,, s,.vrets ,of snecess"
in a demvw,,'iracy c, nsist ,n its rtc'l' iziwig i limits to its might,
forit l n thit miiitti \'ht bin a ih'mocrai'y bi'gii to iliinlit it.. miighlt.
in I intl miitiui'iit iiaitt Ib'ginis tii tolilht hlimtsl'lf atiti thle way fI'r
tihi' liriest i'nil kitig to inter and lingii destriotlion is li'ft open,
frli nilan h iii'gn to fl'il', antii' fear is . hI' deathii of ('i"ittnlhhii'.,
of itust ice itul of t rut i. w it ituiti which a hlemoi'ra(y cannot exiit.
The Purchasing Power of Money.
Th. hii' h Ii iist oii" livin g is ivl'eaisiri'ild in tihe pit rchasi.ng power
itf" i'vlnly. 11,'i itlVi\' aI r'i'anl'iruinatluion iii tihe .-tatl'meiat that the
high ('it I nIot l'iillfiiii'il to thn iiunii t ry allo'l'y in thi' tiguir'ls which
tihel L;tiir I )'rtu't nlillilt ut lhi, Ilrit isli goerl'itmtitt lhuiard of Trali'h
hisi. ublll hi.tidl. Taiklnm it, the bo l-d'. lisi of t et" \ vil -t bree, art idh,
,of lfo,., it i-. fouiil l tha;t in fill lai.- .,V t ell,ni $ylai' theri'e hall. bllqe
• .ti;ily l .ii. il till' lhltulih;Iiig power utf thit' English hy
ilrin. ,,1 poulu lli. iuiival ot ii i il, ulniv to $ I.xl, ;5-.
but 'lln , ',i " -li,' ,',i7 thm s, h l- en t ste a dy v hi lin' i iii htie p ,.
, h i ng.iil !.,o,,,r ,,I ih sla -,' i', nl unti il iii 19.12 lit , lpii'c'i:.,i (' nhii
jlllt, n iV ;H -IX rl 'ign hut l i :.5 - , ul'llt. ,ir 91 .i-lit. \~,uit t hi'-
i',.. t ii i Ill) in 'N .-l
,,i'li lti,...;iiit l. r;,,t. \V ith l',, ex ',,ltion,. dluring, ltih ,..e year,
the, lpur-hot i nigii ilo,\ r oi tI" Ill, li ri,,* n gL iIll r hia.- ,helinled ,.,l adily.
In IS i, it h ,,l Iiiuhl'hdl i 7vil 'ii t 1111'.. itt lit ' 1912 it hail del('lini'd
Ii. ti:! il'ts. T'"0 stalt, th.' t itiit'i" llitrerently, a s.ovt'rrl'gn last
\',al' w\it him tui hu t iM wut'tli il1 ltue thinigs w hich it :ll iught
in 1895, and an American dol r would purchase but 63 cents'
It is well to note, however, that while the purchasing power
of the English sovereign has mledined 18 per cent. that of the
American dollar has declined 3 per cent.
Since these figures were collected the purchasing power of the
dollar has still further, and rapidly, declined until now we do not
believe a dollar is equal in purchasing power to fifty cents in
1896, yet, taking the whole field of labor into consideration, there
has practically been no advance in wages to meet this enormous
"rise in the cost of living," and especially is this true of so-called
common labor. In many industries the wages of common labor
have actually been cut during this period, as was done in the Lum
ber Industry during the panic of 1907. Yet they call us "anar
chists" when we rise and fight rather than starve to death hitched
to their machines. Then, ALL HONOR TO THE ANARCHISTS!
may their number and power increase as leaves burst from the
trees in Spring time. Back of this fall in the purchasing power
of the dollar is the fall in the VALUE of gold, which is the stand
ard measure of all money values. The difference between the
fall in American and English money is easily accounted for by the
fact that our financiers have seen fit to help out the falling value
of gold by adding to the American circulation a liberal supply of
watered currency, by which they were enabled to sponge up a
still more liberal supply of the Nation's wealth. Under this be
nign arrangement the working class has caught it going and com
ing, for its labor-power was the only commodity, the only ware
in the markets, that capitalists insisted should not rise. This
was, on the part of employers, an attempted violation of a nat
ural law, but that law, smothered down for a space with clubs
and rifles, is no wasserting itself in tones of thunder. It is the
compelling FORCE back of all the great I. W. W. strikes and
the more it is sought to repress it the stronger and wider will
be the explosions by which it manifests itself, I. W. W. or no I.
W. W. It is the FORCE that has split the Republican, Democra
tic and Socialist parties. It is the POWER that is scrap-heaping
the American Federation of Labor. It is the MIGHT that has
carried the crimson banner of the I. W. W. around the world in
less than eight short years. And it is the dynamite that will
wreck capitalist society and lay the foundations of INDUSTRIAL
DEMOCRACY. It is this law, that all things must find their
level, that makes the I. W. W. so certain of its destiny,-the
FREEING OF THE RACE.
In conclusion, the value has fallen out of gold, the HEART and
GOD of capitalist society, and the PRICES, not' the VALUES,
of all things bought and sold are soaring out of the reach of the
THIRTY MILLION workers who made them all, and will con
tinue to soar more rapidly every day, and this means REVOLU
TION, and this means INDUSTRIAL DEMOCRACY.
The Unifying Force.
From "The New York Call."
The great force that is drawing the workers together is the
understanding that an increaketl wage is a temporary thing, but
the control of the conditions of work must be the final thing.
Every day sees such an improvement in machinery and per
fection of the labor forces that high skill is made less and less
necessary. Furthermore, the agricultural population of some
countries in Europe and Western Asia is being drawn upon and
th, former farmers are converted into factory worker.4. The
turning of vast sections of the community into occupations to
which they had not previously been accustomed can be accom
plished only through working them inhumanly long hours and
keeping them in a state of semi-starvation, as was the case at
the beginning of the factory system, or by improving the ma
chine so that the hours can be shortened, the pay can be increased
and relatively fewer workers employed. At present with goods
being turned out that were not dreamed of a century or even
half a century ago, with the manufacturing countries pressing
into foreign markets where manufacturing is only rudimentary
and with the powers of waste and consumption of the rich de
veloped to an abnormal degree, and with the constant expansion
,of enployments where human energy is worse than wasted, there
is always at timis of greatest production a reserve army of
trained lweorkters. It takes only a little time to train workers now,
anlll the Iperiodl that is necessary is being steadily diminished.
When there is a lull in the present opsn strife, if any intelli
genutl estinlmate is nmade of labor condlitions, it will be found that
the spher(,, of the skilled worker has been decreased even (luring
he past year. Theorists formulate this idea and make discover
ies after the workers have instinctively begun to adapt themselves
to the new conditions. In the rtecent fights the change in tactics
and the ldeveleepml(nt in mass action were the result of improved
,leadership. Th.ey were an unfoldling of growing class conscious
ness in the workers.
I~y E. I". I)OREE.
'There are sene things peculiar in the human race, but one
seems to stand out pre-eminent, and that is, coming to a con
elusion by the first impression.
'To illustrate it, we will take the story of the rose. When the,
lirst man saw the rose he walked to it and went to pluck one, and,
a.. a result, scratched his fingers on the thorny .sem. Sincice then
whe.n yeiu ntent ion rose to him it means only a bunch of scratchiueg
thorny, st icky stems.
T'he secondrl man saw the rose and stooped so that he minht
mell i s fragrance. lIle admired the beautiful flower, its pretty
eetals. alod smelled it again; then placed the flower to h , hec;h ,
its petals w.ere soft, its fragrance sweet. Indeed, the rose' was
the, mol lbeautifufl e,f Ilowers. lie pluckrgh them; they scratched
lhii fingegrs, but it didn't matter, for thte beauty and fragrance.
el" th, rose weeuld far offset its thorns. To the fir: t man, roses
are all thorns, while, to the second, all beauty and fragrantce.
Why" That was their first impression.
What is true of the rose is true of unions.
Hlow many times have ee met a man and spoken to him of
utiienism and received a short answer, stating that he had all
,,f umons he wanted, etc. When we muestion closer we find that
he had been in a lot strike of '58, 74, '86, '94, or some other
time, or the secretary or the union had proven untrue, or some
perhaps more trivial thing. But to him unions are all bad, to be
condemned at all hazarrs, etc.
The second man you meet is all enthusiastic about unions. To
him they are the only thing. Then he tears loose, tells how they
organized the local, struck and won in jig time, company came
across so quick they never did lose faith in unions. To this
man secretaries can go crooked, strikes can be lost and anything
else, but the union is the only thing. That is so strongly so that
men v rill say that their particular union is the only thing, even
if it out-lived its usefulness a decade back. We may take to
day members of craft unions, see how they adhere to their organi
zation; yet, to-day, they can't win a strike; but, to them, it is all
right--they sure did win in '83 and '97, and, that's enough. To
speak badly of the form of their organization (no matter how
bad it is) is blasphemous; to advocate another is sacreligious. He
still lives under his first impression.
As soon as the workers, unorganized and organizsed, lay aside
their "first impression" conclusions and commence to study what
is best for them, now and after a while, there will be no inde
pendent craft unions, loosely affiliated crafts, unions and "one
industry" industrial unions; there will be, instead, a ONE BIG
UNION of all the workers, as taught and practiced by the I. W. W.
We may lose our first strike; yes, our second; but, with all
labor, or a good part, organized all together, we are bound to win.
We must recognise that in ORGANIZATION there is POWER. The
more closely together the members are organized, the greater the
POWER. Surely any one can see that point, regardless of your
first impression. If you see in the I. W. W. the kind of action
and organization you want, then, no matter what you used to
think or believe, kick in.
The day for all labor to get under one head is here, and that
head is the I. W. W., the ONE BIG UNION of the WORKING CLASS.
Now, fellow workers, don't sit down and hesitate over some
old sore or score, or sit there playing with an old inadequate
organization just because, through it you won a strike in '93,
but, instead, get into the ONE BIG UNION of to-day, a modern or
ganization with modern tactics, and be a man, a union man, an
I. W. W.
Was This Sabotage?
By FRANK R. SCHLEIS. .
A certain very pious lumber manufacturer, in fact, he had
paid for the building of a local church, and was later elected
State senator, had an eye on a certain body of timber which
another firm happened to own. His own firm, operating a nar
row-gauge railroad, several miles in length, was about to abandon
operations in those regions as the hills were about stripped of
all their standing timber, and to move their scene of operations
many miles away. Entirely surrounding this railroad, with the
exception of a body of timber which another firm owned, all of
the pine woods had been cut into saw logs and hauled away leav
ing nothing but barren sun-burned sand hills. On these the
summer heat beat breathlessly. The pine tops and brush which
lay about, dried by the summer heat, were as dry as tinder. The
particular firm of which this very pious person happened to be
President wanted the body of timber which this other firm owned.
They had their railroad there and could log it very cheaply. The
other firm would have to log with sleighs and float it down
stream. The owners of the timber would not sell, preferring to
log and saw it themselves. But there are various methods by
which the desired ends can be accomplished.
Thus: A fire in the pine tops surrounding the railroad would
rapidly spread. If the flames were in the right direction it
would fan them and send them into the standing body of pine
timber. It would not damage this timber to any great extent
immediately, but would cause it to dry if not logged at once.
Then the worms would get in and make it useless. But, if logged
at once, the timber would be valuable; in fact, it would practic
ally be as good as any standing, green timber.
Well, the wind blew in the right direction, and a fire started,
and the timber was burned. A short time afterward the com
pany which refused to sell sold. They had to do so or loohse
money on the timber. The company which bought the timber
immediately got busy and logged the timber before it had an
opportunity to dleteriorate in value.
Very reliablk parties state that the very pious rnill owner, and
afterward senator, was seen setting many brushheaps afire. Of
course, we do not say that this act was really the cause of
the timber burning. Oh, no, dear reader, we would not think
of hinting at such a thing-you see he built a church, sang in
the choir, and became State senator. Ilesides, this very pious
person popped into the bunkhouse a short time after and indlig
nantly scratching his head demanded "Who set the fire!" Sorry
to say no one volunteered the information to this very pious
mill-owner senator. We have a strong suspicion that some kn',w.
'1. T,, .Issvs. '
"last Srunlday morninrig the I)vll's. .V,.n. d'vli'ov~,cd aIlmost IwI,
col rumnns of its editorial page lto makking" in .a;s of itcself co',cernirg
Social ism."-l)all/.r . T,'.is. " I.,,or,,r."
That's no more than "T'h~ lI,,l,'rr" a iid the h.,ala;~,ce of thee S:tl'
fron Socialist press make,. o,f itself Il \'E' Y day arni week "orn
cerning" the I. W. W. Why -hie: d a.- kick a ae?
ti!1) ICi i :.
l'r,,claim ing a poliy ,,f" iel 'tra. " ,''l tInth E,''rt,1,:i( fie.l I l.ith S -
rialist pap)er. of the Nrr'fhIv.e a .,,, al t ,I river.r tlly fav' orinri.
the pr,[posed A. I. ,of L.. Iirr,l,er 'r,,rk uoio . Thl'v ii t tfv
th lfl. ve'4s., by Sayinlt that th.. I. W . W . i 'l , ad... fl tict io.all, all
their news itemrrs ar" abl,,lt I. . W. cr',,,flict with Ihle erniltvin"
Alhci. samee in I)ixielanl. ohil follow. oorily ' Ia,.een dh.ar ',o.,,.
sence wve's been borrin." yvet w'&s f'rcetl w;are-;adVans. antd I,eri,.
fits out of the Sawdust Iring in the two, years of ','r dea.:th to, the
atlnount of over $.l,0l00t0. Tell it to Art i..