usen R. , Herbert Knox Smith,
Elhrd . Lawrence 0. Murray
W. Cooley, Who
on the White House
tion whirb does I
not figure in of
- ficial commun;
cations to co
gress. There are
no salaries at
tached to mem
bership In it. and
pictures of it do
not form part of
the art gallery of
every well regu
in the land.
Changes in It do
not cause the
newspapers to set
up big headlines.
ments to it do
not require con
firmation by the
AL GARFIL. less it exists and
L . Is one of the
; 1a.que Institutions of the Roosevelt
dmilaistration. It Is an outcome of the
f fat that the president likes to handle
<uoit only the "big stick," but the tennis
&sacket, the boxing gloves, the rein of
e4 s9Mile horse and varioos other things
'that pertain to a strenuous activity.
> Where have been "kitchen cabinets"
iue times gone by In this and other
$wad. hwhich exercised considerable in
Mensure in affairs of state, but a tennis
)binet5 something quite novel. There
o opprobrium in belonging to a ten
_ al cabinet, as there might be in being
ighember of a kitchen enhinet. There
` a. smell of pots and kettles or at
.. w here of murky statesmanship
the active, strong limbed, clear
men who, form this cabinet.
k President Cleveland's time there
no White House tennis court. Mr.
has always been fond of out
bu. but not of that kind of exer
1Mr. McKinley took little exer
#hat of walking. Tennis play
dWhite House sport dates only
Itne icoming of the Roosevelts.
n now a fine court on the
Hof the executive mansion,
by a high wire fence from the
t of the
w tere, and
me bynamERnT Kwox sNrTS.
now goes. One of the best
hers of the tenpig cabinet
It. Garfield. son of the~nartyr
and recently nominhted as
of the interior to succeed
Allen Hitchcock. When Mr.
retires, Mr. Garfield in va
present post of commission
colorations will be succeeded
Brebert Knox Smith, the pres
gt y commissioner. He is an
belongs to the tennis cab
b. president ilkes both these
of his "trust spotting" de
'The future commissioner of
a is sometimes known as
Myth," but that there is noth
cal about the way he plays
of hunting trusts Standard
l can bear witness.
Plachot, chief of the forest
is a 'leading member of this
cabinet He can
wield the racket
as well as he
,can chop down a
tree, which is
saying a good
member is Law
rence O. Murray,
tary of com
merce and labor,
and still another
is Alford W.
Cooley. who suc
ceeded . Garfield
as livil service
While the main
object of the
cabinet is recre
ation and exer
clse, ether things
than sport are
caused, and at
easese ;atte the
t eftes e1b(lnm idegas
g waicw lell is
MOHAMMED ALt MIRZA.
The Progreseuve Crows Prince of
Mohammed All M lrza, who succeeds
to the throne of Persia on the death of
the shah, is a 5young man of progress
Ive ideas for one belonging to oriental
royalty. As heir apparent he has en
joyed considerable power as governor
general of Azerbaijan. It is an un
written law of the Persians that the
valiahd (or heir apparent) shall be gov
ernor of this province and reside at
Tabriz. Mohammed Ali was born in
1872 and is the son of a princess dis
tantly related to his father. Persian
monarchs i::ve numerous wives. but
the successor to the throne must ne
the son of a legitimate wife of royal
blood. The prince was educated under
the supervision of European tutors, ac
MOHAMMEI ALI MILZA.
quired a fair knowledge of French and
in mary ways is an example of the
progressive spirit of the last decade in
Persia, which has retently resulted in
the change in the rulersliili from an
absolute despotism tc a eonstitutiuna1
monarchy. His taste is for :milit:ry
affairs. He is fond of sport. courteou!s
in his relations with others and yet in
herits from his grandfather, Naer-ed
Din Shah, much firmness of character.
There are but two short railro ;ds in
Persia, each about six miles in length.
and it has comparatively little inter
course with other countries. Customs
are much as they have been for cen
turies, though within a few years mod
ern ideas have been gaining favor.
A writer who went on a hunting trip
with the crown prince not long ago has
described as follows what happened
when his highness aimed at an ibex:
"Rising noiselessly, he carefully takes
aim, and the report of his rifle is the
sign for as to rise also. Twenty or
more ibex are now in full flight, a
beautiful sight, and .ullet after bullet
files after them. but one has been left
prostrate on the rocks, and we run
toward it with a yell and a whoop.
Examination shows that the prince's
bullet passed right through the shoul
der, a splendid shot at about 150
VICTOR H. METCALF.
Cabinet Member Who Made the Re
port on the Japanese.
Victor Howard Metcalf, the new
secretary of the navy, whose report on
the Japanese situation in San Fran
cisco was made the basis of the presi
dent's special message to congress on
the subject, was a California congress
man before he became a member of
the cabinet. He was selected for the
task of preparing a report on the treat
ment accorded subjects of the. mikado
in San Francisco on account of his fa
miliarity with the local conditions.
Secretary Metcalf was born fifty
three years ago at Utica, N. Y.. and
viCToR HowARD xrcAALF.
after graduating from the Utica Free
academy entered Yale in the class of
76. . During his vacations he studied
law in the office of the late United
States Senator Francis Kernan, and
also in the office of the late Governor
Horatio Seymour. He left the academ
ic department of Yale in his junior
year and entered the law school, from
which he graduated in 1876. He prac
ticed for two years in the east and then
removed to California, which has been
his home for nearly thirty years. It
was in California that he married his
wife, who was Miss E. Corinne Nich
olson. He was serving his third term
in congress when invited into the cab
inet as secretary of cothmerce and la
bor and had made a record as a -mem
ber of the commiltee on naval affairs.
When Charles J. Bonaparte became
attorney gm he was promoted to
blb place at head of the navy.
So Astronomer Percival Lowel Says, and
They Beat Us as Canal Budders.
Panama a Mere Gas Pie
NOW for the first time a scientist
of high repute has come for
ward with the unqualified dec
laration that the planet Mars
is inhabited by intelligent beings. This
declaration has been made by Profess
or Percival Lowell, eminent astrono
mer, who has spent a dozen years
chiefly in the study of Mars. Professor
Lowell believes that Mars Is the home
of a race of beings even more acutely
intelligent than ourselves, since, ac-I
cording to his discoveries, the Martians.
have constructed at least 434 canals.
each of which would make the Pana
ma canal look like a mere gas pipe
trench. It is the canals on the surface
of Mars that have given earth dwell
ing humans their most plausible clew
to the existence of living, thinking and.
Working beings on the planet.
The astronomer Schiaparelli first dis
covered the Martian canals in 1867.
Hle pointed out that the peculiar
streaks on the planet, visible through
the telescope, are not merely natural
markings, but are artificial excava
tions tilled with water. The symmetry
of these streak.. their extreme length
and the fat-t that they follow usually
the imaginary great circles around the
planet give weight to the theory of
their artificial construction. but there
is more scientific evidence in its support.
Astronomers have discovered that
Mars possesses air and water, the two
primary essentials of animate exist
ence. This discovery does not imply
necessarily that animal life exists
there. We must look for some actually
visible evidences of organic life and
intelligence. Man is known by his
works. Martians must be known to us
by their works if at all. According to
Professor Lowell, the canal works on
Mars must be accepted as conclusive
evidence of intelligent life.
Mars is'much smaller than the earth.
The planet has only about one-seventh
MARTIAN CANALS-TAKING A SQUINT AT
of our bulk and only one-quarter of our
surface area. Savants say, however.
that practically all the surface of Mars
Is land. As three-fourths of the earth's
surface Is ocean, the Martians have
as much land as we have. Mars has
reached the eorresponding v more ad
vanced age than the earth. This may be
asgribed to the fact that, being small
er, its molten mass cooled off more rap
idly. Then the waters, such as did
not evaporate, went to the poles of the
planet, where in the Martian winter
seasons they are visible to earthly- as
tronomers in the form otf vast ice caps
and snow fields, glitteringly white.
Astronomers have observed that
these snow caps disappear during the
Martian summer seasons. What be
comes of the water resulting from this
melting? Why, it is used for irrigation
purposes by the marvelous civil engi
neers of Mars, who were far advanced
in stupendous land reclamation proj
ects long before the Carey act passed
congress. Thee theory is that the sur
face of Mars is largely desert, with
considerable oases here and there, and
that the inhabitants occupy these oases
andimake the land cultivable by bring
ing the melted ice and snow from the
poles through immense canals. Thus
both the north pole and the south pole
problems are definitely solved on Mars,
with no further.: need for Pearys or
It is conceded by astronomers that!
Mars Is a much chillier planet than the
earth. Some hold that it is too cold for
life to exist, and they ask what be
comes of the inhabitants in winter.
This Is still a problem, though some
scientists point out that hibernation, as
practiced by bears and Russian peas
ants on this globe, may preserve the
Martians through their long winter
freeze up. , In this event living ex
penses on Mars must be reduced to a
minimum, but it must be hard picking
for te theatrical managers unless they
confine themselves to summer stock
eampanies sad roof gwsdetas.
Women Who Indulge In the
Blues-The Elessedness of Silence.
The Genus Spinster Not Limited
to the Female Sex ::
No womanj h.,s any b:siaecs to have
the blues," remn:arkel the decided wo
"Ohla I suppose miucn at: the only ones
who ha.e the right to have troubles!"
observed the sad fated lady.
"Not at ail, nat at all" answered the
first speaker. "Women have mean
skinned to death when it comes to the
trouble question. but tha 4ainta is that
the lady with the blues seldoam has any
"Show me a woalman with a sunny
disposition, and I will be willing to bet
you money she has more thaun one
heavy cross which she has learned the
secret of putting behind her. Rut the
woman who suffers from the blues-
bah! She has indigestion or too easy
"] know a woman who can't bear to
be alone on rainy days. She flattens
her nose against the damp pane adl
"Other women go out all day and
have a good time, lunch at one house.
tea at ailothdr, more tea at a third.
then home to dinner all fagged out and
their stomachs overloaded. When their
husbands come in, they are enjoying a
nice case of the blues, daring wJbch-
poor maan:-he is forced to listen to a
list of grievances.
"Then take the woman who shuts
herself up in the house all the time.
Can you be surprised if she is a con
stant victim of the blues?
"Want.of exercise, want of fresh air.
want of interest in life-r-lf these are
not enough to make one depressed.
"The minute the weather grows sonue
what- cold certain women stop going
out. They flatten themselves close to
the radiator and get their fancy work
"If I were a legislator I would make
the doiawn. of more than a certain
Ifs \\ K\
"WEEPS ON RAINY DAYS."
amount of fancy work a week a crim
inal offense. Certainly nothing tires a
woman out more.
"What women with tendencies to
ward the blues need is fresh air. If
they stay in the house of their own
will, they have only themselves to
thank for finding the world a doleful
place. If they work in confining sit
uations, they should change the char
acter of their labor.
"Horseback riding. golf. skating, long
walks-these all tend to make a woman
bright, happy and able to meet with a
laugh whatever fortune deals out to
Silence is Golden:
Schopenhauer says that higher na
tures cannot betr noises, while people
of coarse mold display an Indifference
to medleys of sound. which is a sure
indication of their unperfected state.
I think he is right so far as women
The woman with a shrill voice and
the woman who will associate with
shrill voices-well, we all know her.
She wears loud gowns and lives in a
cheap, flashy way.
Oh, blessed velvety silence! Pity
more of the feminine sex don't appreci
I tell you that there are married old
And there are spinsters above the
thirty year limit who are not old maids
There are-yes, there are-men old
maids! You know the kind. They
snoop around 'the kitchen, telling the
maid how to do her work, and they
fuss around the house, bossing their
wives about the way things are run.
Bless your heart, the world Is full of
old maids of both seees! Isn't it a pity
each one can't be given a separate
island to live on where particular fads
end fessinesses could be worked out
in prix' "te and rational people would
aot be pestered by them?
In the meantime ,we can do one
thing anyway,, can't we? We can
make good and sure we don't belong
to the colony.
What Shall Be Done With Old
Women? a Serious Qpestion, the
Consideration of Which Is Com
mended to Feminine Clubs
One of the not over many live wo
ien's organizations is especially con
cerned with tinding employment for
"out of works' of its own sex. Its
hardest task. quite impossible often
times, is to get anyeidly,±o hire a wo
man past forty-five years old to do
anythiig. All want young women, at
least women who' have retained the
capabilities of youth and have added
others from experience. which all wo
men will do when at legth they learn
how. As a remedy for the evil the
organization is agitating the subject
of old age pensions. I have always
had my doubts about these old age
pensions. except in eases of entire
physical disability or great age. say
eighty to a hundred. It looks to mi
like putting a premninum on incompe
tency and slumping. The elderly wo
man who is willing to work 'an find
something to do if she will take what
she can get, chiefly domestic labor, it
must he confessed. 1-tut it is far bet
ter to work in a kitchen than to go
to the poorhouse or he dejeindent on
grudging relatives. The female de
pendence that has been footire f*r
ages in the world is largely respounsi
Wle for the useless, helpless, uncoinely
old wvomtan of today, the one timt is
ready to cringe and slink in any where
rather than rouse tier soul pow-er, take
good hard knocks and earn her living.
The chief trouble is that in most cases
a woman is willing to slump down
and let herself he taken care of ly
charity. The old time woman was
brought up to consider it no shame to
let somebody else earn her living for
her. She was also brought uip umostly
without knowledge of any money get
ting occupation. Her case is hard, inut
she herself can remedy it. If some of
the old women for whom the ladies
mentioned have such a time to pro
vide will stop their grunting and
groaning, pull themselves together and
look for work, they will ire sure to find
employment of some kind.
A ease is reported in which a woman
wanted a divorce from her husband
so that she could have him as a sweet
heart again. A million wives in this
country will in their secret hearts un
derstand and appreciate her position.
though they won't say anything.
Take notice. The pendulum is swing
ing backward. Women chefs are in de
mand in fashionable circles. The Mlarl
borough, one of the richest, swellest
londou clubs, has a woman chef. It Is
certain that on this planet at least
never at any time has there been any
cook equal to just the old time negro
aunty in her red and yellow turban
who presided over the southern kitch
en. If a black woman can cook better
than anybody else, white women can
do almost as well. A salary of $1.0thi
to $10.000 is something that cannot be
picked up at schoolteachiug. College
girls, think about ito
Photographs of women who proclaim
themselves advocates of nothing but
domestic life for their sex always look,
stupid. I notice. These are usually
women who owe their prominence to
the fact that they are the wives of
well known public men. It looks as if
they felt their own Intellectual inferil
drity painfully and took refuge in it by
saying that home is woman's sphere.
Certainly home is the proper sphere for
the woman who is too stupid for any
other, anti she should stay there. But
let her not take it on herself to declare
that every other woman should do the
Work is the sovereign remedy for all
Ills. Work on joyously, even' If some
day you drop dead at your task. It's
a happy way to go and makes least
trouble for those around you.
Question by Bernard Shaw, the er
ratic dramatist: "If you want to per
sonify God, why not personify him as
Attending all entertainment given re
cently by pupils of the school of opera
In New York, I was impressed with the
quality of their acting as well as sing
ing. Everything went off so smoothly
and merrily as to be notable. I under
stood it a little later when I saw these
tine young people flock around the di
rector of the school, Mine. Ogden
Crane. The affection for her was un
doubted, and then I saw why the pu
pils' performance was so excellent. It
was the result of the affectionate good
will between teacher and pupils.
Take notice that one of the best rifle
shots in this country Is a woman, Mrs.
Elizabeth Toepperwein of San Anto
nio, Tex. She was permitted to enter
the lists as a contestant among the
expert marksmen of the national guard
and proved herself one of the best. She
is now regularly enrolled by the war
department as a member of the na
tional marksmen's reserve.
Susan B. Anthony was so loyal to
her own set that she never employed a
man in any professional or industrial
capacity if she could get a woman to
perform the service she wanted. She
aever gave an item to a man reporter
It she could And a woman reporter.
LZIA ARCHARD CONNER.
Womneu Who )o
The First Woman Professor In the
Famous Sorbonne University at
Paris-Mme. Curie as She Ap- If
pears When Lecturing :i
A slender, youthf'l w oma in deep
mourning, her fair hair swept plainly
back from a remarkably liroad, high.
full brow, her head seemingly almost
too large for the slim neck that car
rled it, her manner so simple, so un
conscious and sincere that it was child.
like-such was the appearance of dime.
Curie as she stood in a class room de
livering the first lecture ever civen by
a woman professor to the students of
the University 9f Paris. It was an
event which should make women all
over the world rejoice and take cour
age, because at last the earnest, de
voted scientific work of one of their
MME Ci -RIE LECTURING.
sex has been tittingly recognized.
Mine. Marie Sklodowska Curie. discov
erer of radium. Is by birth a Pole. Uer
father was a professor of sciences in
the town where Marie spent her child
hood, and she was interested in re
torts, test tubes and chemicals at an
age when girl children are expected to
play with dolls. But little Marie never
did play with dolls. She used to spend
her time in the professor's laboratory
and frequently amazed with her wis
dom and knowledge grave, learned
men who called on per father. After
finishing the scientific course in the
school of her home town of Varsovie
the young girl went to Paris to study
further. There she met Pierre Curie,
student of chemistry, as enthusiastic as
herself. They were at once drawn to
each other and in time were married.
Dorothy Levitt, English Automo
When Dorothy Levitt. a London girl,
was twenty years oldiber parents tried
to make her marry a man she disliked.
She would not and ran away from
home. Through a friend she was en-.
abled to go to Paris and work In an
automobile factory, where she wore
overalls, learned her , business and
minded It. She returned to London
and got employment teaching women
io operate automobiles. From in
structor In automobiling Dorothy Lev
itt turned to motor racing and quickly
became the woman champion speeder
of Europe. She has twice reached the
diuzy rate of 100 miles an hour with
her eighty power machine. Miss Lev
itt has developed also unusual commer
cial talent in connection with the auto
mobile business, and her income is $10,
000 a year. She has challenged any
woman automobilist in America to race
Augusta J. Evans.
Is there any girl, middle aged woman
or grandmother -in this land who has,
not read "Beulah," "St. Elmo," "Vash
ti" and "Macaria?" The author of
these absorbing stories, Mrs. Augusta
J. Evans Wilson, is living very quietly
in Mobile, Ala. Mrs. Wilson is seven
ty-one years old now. Her home dur
ing her husband's lifetime was a fa
mous old colonial mansion in Mobile.
It is shaded by magnolias; oaks and
orange trees, and there the author of
"St. Elmo" lived an ideal married life
and wrote most of her novels, Since'
the death of her husband. Colonel L. M.
Wilson, twelve years ago, the novelist
has. lived with her brother, Howard
Evans, In another part of Mobile.
The English "Suffragettes."
One remarkable fact connected with
the spectacular woman suffrage cam
paign in Great Britain is that It was
planned in the first place and hts been
engineered throughout by a girl. Chris
tabel Pankburst, pretty, wealthy and
accomplished. She has a baby face
and large, in'x-ent gray eyes. Her
complexion is fair and pure. with rose
pink in her cheeks. To look at her one
would think her the last person on
earth to arouse a political agitation.
That is what she has done, however.
and she has raised such a row through
out the whole kingdom that undoubt,
ly British barristers wish heartily ;,,y
had allowed her a certificate t . i
tice law when she applied r ,
sian two years ago.
MARCIA WILLIS (A...LL.
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