Newspaper Page Text
SUNDAY, FEB. . 1907.
D1t. E. G. ALLEN.
The Caucasian has been requested to
announci e that br. E. G. Allen has re
sumed the practice of his profession.
Office in the Cooper building.
For paints. wall paper and glass; for
pain:ing. paper-hanging anad signs. All
orders given prompt attention.
When you want money, fire insurance,
bonds, life insurance, real estate, acci
dent insnrance or building and loan
stock, see W. C. Agurs. in the Cooper
COTTON I KtXAT.
Office of The Caucasian,
Shreveport, La., Feb. 23. 1907.
The market closed firm.
Low middling ... .. ... .... 8 11-16
M iddling ... ... ... ... ......o
Good middling ... ... ... .....10 7-8
Stock on hand Sept. I .............,667
Received this day .... 519
Received previously... 181,191 81,7xo
Total stock to date...........183,717
Shipments to date............ t',752
Net stock on hand........... i6,797
Same day last year ............. 32,93'
This yr. Last yr.
Since yesterday ...... 519 ;,28e
Same-day last year... 157 -
Thus far this week.... 519
Thus far last year.... 157 1,288
Since September r.... 18x,7o1 92,.79
Stock on hand........ 16.797 32.939
- This Week
1907. 1906. I905.
Saturday ...... 519 157 1,288
Monday .. ... ... 219 945
Tuesday ........... I1i6 I,183
Wednesday ...... 115 372
Thursday . . . 222 1,047
Friday... ... . ... 123 1,495
Total ..... 519 953 6,330
ST. MARK'S EPISCOPAL CHURCH
Rev. Jos. H. Spearing, rector. Servi
Mn today as follows: Holy communion
7:30 a.tn. Morning prayer at II a.m.
Evening prayer at 5 p.m. Sunday school
J: portant joint meeting of St. Mark's
Guild pd Parish Aid tomorrow (Mon
Say) in chapel at 4 p.m. The rector spe
ti;ly requests 'every member to be
)Daily services during week as fol
loes: Monday, 4 p.m.; Tuesday, Wed
nesday and Thursday at 4:30 p.m.; Fri
Eayt at 8 p.m.
Everybody cordially invited to attend
tLORED FAIR ASSOCIATION.
A numbeir of the enterprising colored
pedaph of Shreveport have organized
t hi e -ireinto a corporate body, their
pe heji to hold a state fair of col
- -s . The company is capital
aips(t $ w Schk daerts should be
nwemaget Sgeneerosly. Fairs are edu
eflinrs ang devlopers. t is to be hoped
th enterprises wil be atteude4 with the
I llent success.
MAiao Depmocrat: Dr. CG I. Irion,
spflid t of the State Board of Health,
has r;ciam that he wilt seek the
sistagtece of the courts for thetpurpose
of st p4iqg piysiciats to furnish his
a.l it 'vital statistics, as required
LUt - Iiniih 4tm le th
e n sY.ýs .; 4ya "s. .
~~Iyfl-S Si b a
$ i-6c c~i
vt."~ ~ a
A HUMILIATING AND DISCRED
OF STATE'S RIGHT
A Compromise Not Sanctioned or Ap
proved by California's Repre
sentatives in Congress.
It is a bold, a reckless man, perhaps,
who will venture a criticism of Theo
dore Roosevelt, president of the United
States, who in the estimation of some
people, even in the State of Louisiana
as well as in the city of Shreveport, is
a man who "has a big head on him,"
the meaning of which is that he has
never had his equal, in the long line of
presidents from Washington to the pres
ent day, which in a sense is true. Hav
ing declared, in substance, that the state
rights of California are are of secondary
cmsideration, or of little import as ap
plied to the so-called treaty rights of
Japan, the president proceeds with his
"big stick" to threaten the San Francis
cans who have excepted-and objected to
the admission of Japanese children into
the schools of white people, on the pre
tense that the Japs are not Mongolian.
It may be said in all candor and sin
cerity, and with all due respect, that if
any individual in the United States re
gardless of his prominence, had, besides
Reosevelt, assumed such an extraordi
nary attitude, he could not have escaped
the merciless criticism of ridicule. if not
the unqualified condemnation of, the
people. -In- the --recent debate in the
United States Senate President Roose
velt was "raked over the coals." but he
has succeeded in carrying out his inten
tions to force `he, Japs into the schools
for whites on a comipromise with Mayor
Schmitz of San Francisco. whose au
thority is limited. The Japanese chil
dren under i6 years of age are to be ad
mitted into the schools for white people
without discrimination and the president
is vested with authority to exclude Jap
anese laborers from the United States
at his discretion: or he may under this
provision, if so inclined, let millions of
these Japanese coolies into the - United
It is of interest to reproduce the opin
ions of men in the public service and of
Senator Dubois opposed the passport
provision iun the bill.
"I do not think." he said, "the presi
lent·of the United States ought to be
•dlowed to legislate directly as he has
lone in tlie ease of this, provision."
If the, clause meant the exclusion of
aapanese laborers, he said, it would not
ae satisfactory to Japan. If it did not
nean this it would not b. satisfactory to
he Pacific coast. He referred to the
-esolution offered by Senator Culberson
nstructing the conferees to bring in a
ieasure specifically excluding Japat.se
aborers. The. provision in the bill, he
maid, was a makeshift and he predictel
hat within a week after its adoption the
eople of the Pacific coast would be cla
noring for Japanese exclusion.
"This situation has become acute," he
said," "because the president of the
United States in his messages to this
Congress has seen fit to misstate the
situation in California in the interest of
the Japanese. And the Japanese taking
their cuei from the president assert a
claim that great injustice has been done
to them by the people on the Pacific
"In each of his messages to Congress
the president has misstated the situation
to the effect that the Japanes had been
denied the privilege of education, when
the tuth is that the5y had only been
denied the right to attend the schools
the white children of California attend."
The situation that will result from
the. adoptign of the provision, Mr. Cul
berson said, would be this: The presi
dent. will have authority to exclude
Japanese l*borers and coolies and he
will hold that authority'-and the exer
cise of it ir abeyance and over the heads
of the talifornia authorities and will
keep out the laborers and coolies pro
vided the civil authorities of California
wfl it ther children indiscrimnately
ttho e apubic schools of San Francisco.
Mr. Cadeson asked if that
the } understanding, Senator Flint
Sfas I am concerned I know of
agrmeunt :between the California
'aia the president with rfer.
a rrethe taheadjsent of the school
usktir of Sia Francisco. I have not
ubee a pitj to an such agreemet,
aeW amnded any conference between
tle Caftniia delegation and the .scre
01 aite and the presid. L*
)r. Nskins said he i wished t aise
ot taetment e s at The ageement
rao dseei tO he with
school board ° of San
SYottwith $ the California
`f YSt;AASN.' BROW;W'
rr:,s ~ C t~·4aeufasE~j
"I believe, speaking in plain words,
that 'the effect -is that a. foreign power
has browbeaten the government of the
United States and browbeaten a sov
ereign state of this Union into a surren
der of its rights to control its own af
"The attitude of this government to
wards California has been harsh and
turbulent and offensive to the last
degree. Its attitude toward Japan has
been cringing. obsequious and almost pu
silanimous. One of the president's
aphorisms has been to speak softly and
carry a big stick. He seems to have in
terpreted that in this instance so as to
speak softly to foreign nations and car
ry a big stick for the backs of his own
Senator Newlands declared President
Roosevelt to be largely responsible for
the Japanese situation.
Under the caption,
CRINGING TO JAPAN AND SUR
RENDER OF STATE'S RIGHTS.
According to an authorized statement
given out at Washington. the mayor and
school board of San Francisco have
agreed to readmit Japanese children of
Japanese parents under I6 years of age
to the white schools. Japanese above
that age in the primary grades to con
tinue at the Oriental school. In return
for this concession it is declared that the
president has promised to exclude Jap
anese laborers, skilled and unskilled,
from the continental limits of the Unit
ed States, whether coming direct from
Japan or indirectly via the Hawaiian
Islands. and to secure a treaty with Ja
pan as speedily as possible providing for
such exclusion. The immigration law
about to finally pass will contain a pro
vision empowering the president. in his
discretion, to exclude alien laborers
from the limits of the United States.
The officials of San Francisco have
signed away the powers that were
theirs under the laws of California, and I
in return they have received a mere
promise from the president which he
may not be able to carry into effect.
Suppose the Japanese refuse to negoti
ate a new treaty and also refuse to tol
erate the exclusion of Japanese laborers.
by proclamation! The president will
then have a graver difficulty on his
hands than was involved in the school
question. and since he has so supinely
surrendered the rights of the American
people to enact and enforce their own
local laws without dictation from any
foreign power. he may be expected. to
promptly recede from any exclusion ar
rangement he may have entered into.
The fear the president has displayed
of offending the Japanese is entirely un
worthy of his high office and his dig
nity as the chief executive of a great e
country, and his brusque attempt to set I
aside state's.rights and the. Constitution i
of the United States is an act calculated t
to make the American people seriously
consider the danger lurking in the per
sistent efforts of the federal administra
tion to override the most time-honored a
and sacred institutions of the country.
President Roosevelt and some of his
leading advisers have made no secret of s
their desire to completely obliterate and a
set aside state's rights. but the San Fran- t
cisco sthool problem has offered an op- t
portunity for completely throwing off t
the mask and threatening even force in c
setting aside state regulations. These
are facts which the American people, ir- s
respective of party, should earnestly ,
consider, otherwise the time will. be near a
it hand when state rights will be merely c
SITUATION MORE DANGEROUS
NOW TIAN IT EVER WAS.
It is perhaps significant that the Cali
fornia senators promptly disclaimed that
they had been parties to any agreement
whatever, by which we are to infer that
the matter was agreed to between the
administration and the mmuicipal au
thorities of San Francisco. What may
please San Francisco may not please the
state, and the matter of. control of the
public schools is a state, not a municipal
or federal matter.
The matter was one directly involving
the rigts of a state and should never
have been compromised. Such compro
mises rarely if ever satisfy anybody. and
the chances are that neither California
nor Japan will iong remain content. The
compromise merely delays a settlement,
as did the Missouri compromise, and, a
final and definite detehnination is about
as certain in one case as in the other.
Japan was making demands upon a state
which she had no right to make, and the
proper course to have pursued would
have been to inform her that no atten
tion would be paid to her absurd de
As it is, the situation is probably more
dangerous now thah it ever was, if it
was ever dangerous. The authorities
of San Francisco may honestly attempt
,to carry ou the compromise, or indeed
may not be so easily controlled, and it
may be that they will make the quarrel
ware acute than it was at first A hand
ful of men have often. started trouble
that eventually involved nations, and
they may do so again. Certainly it is of
little promise, a compromise which se
Iets as a orator a person *ho has al
ready.taken a decided position and de
clared his views after a manner which
ti-rdly admits of reconsideration. Cali
ornia may as well prepare, for the way
iig od the big stick, accompanied by talk
we use its oWr printing is
gua b: ~ clit he r. .
NEWS IN BRIEF
A Budget of Interesting Items Gathered
by a Caucasian Representative.
By far the greater number of popular
airs and the words which accompany
them were composed and written by per
sons who were not professional musi
cians cr poets.
There are songs that have wrung a
sob from the strongest and turned to
laughter the moot serious. And, after
ail, what can touch the chords of a hu
man heart like a song?
The song "Tippecanoe and Tyler
TIoo," which was written by Alexander
Caffman Ross. in the "Log Cabin and
Hard Cider" campaign, was to the whigs
of 184o what "La Marseilles" was to the
French fifty years ago. It was the bat
tle-cry of the party, and every whig
meeting in the country resounded with
"The Old Oaken Bucket" was written
in 1817, in New York, by William Wood
worth. It was put to music by Kiell
Stephen Collins Foster, the author of
'Old Dog Trey," and two hundred other
popular songs. in spite of the large in
come which his songs brought him, died
in a New York hospital to which he was
taken from a Brewery hotel.
"Sweet Alice Ben Bolt" was written
by Thomas Dunn English. It at once
became immensely popular and many co
pies were sold in a few weeks. The mu
sic was composed by Nelson Kneass.
John Howard Payne is the author of
the immortal "Home Sweet Home." He
was a New Yorker by birth, and for
many years a European by residence.
)ne hundred thousand copies of his
song were sold in a single year. Payne
lied abroad, but his body was brought
to America through the generosity of
Mfr. Corcoran, and interred in Washing
"A. Life on the Ocean Wave" was.
written by Epes Sergeant, of Gloucester,
Mlass. He says he originally wrote the
song for -Henry Russell. The subject
was suggested by the sight of a number
)f vessels moored in the bay. while he
was walking on the battery in New
The old song. "I'll Hang My Harp
)n the Willow Tree." is anonymous.
The dear old song "Annie Laurie"
vas written by William Douglas Of
Scotland. As the story goes, Douglas
vas deeply in love with Annie. daughter
sf Robert Laurie. of Maxwellton.
Robert Burns retouched an old song
which gave the lyric world the charm
ng ballad, "Coming Thro' the Rye."
The finest battle song of the Confed
,rates during the civil war was "Mary
and. My Maryland." which was written
n 1861 by James Ryder Randall of Bal
The words and music to the song,
'Tenting on the Old Camp Ground,"
which the soldiers of both armies sang
iroimnd their campfires, was written by
"All Quiet Along the Potomac" has
several claimants. Chief among them
ire Mrs. Ethel Beers and Lamar Fon
aine. Fontaine, who was an officer in
he Confederate army. declared that he
-rote the lyric while the army was en
:amped at Fairfax courthouse, in 1861.
"Hail Columbia" was written by Jo
eph Hopkinson in the summer of 1798,
,hen war with France seemed inevita
le. The words were set to the music
f the old piece called "The President's
"The Star-Spangled Banner" was
,ritten by Francis Scott Key, during the
var of 18rS.
General Albert Pike wrote the origi
POCAHONTAS MEMORIAL ASSO
Interest in the Pocahontas Memorial
Association is increasing as the time
draws near for the opening of the
Jamestown exposition. The purpose and
aims of the association is to erect a fit
ting memorial at Jamestown, "to Poca
hontas, the Indian Princess, to whom
the settlement owed its preservation
from'famine and the attacks of the say
The membersip fee is $i. There are
no dues. and men, women and children
are eligible to membership.
State regents are appointed to repre
sent the state, and v ce-rege'nts counties,
cities or towns.
The duties of these officers is to fur
ther the interests and carry out the pur
poses of the association and bring the
same to the notice of the press, to se
cure members, and to obtain donations
for the Pocahontas memorial. The me
morial is to be in the form of a statue
of Pocahontas and is to be erected on
Jamestown Island. The cost will be
about $xo,ooo. The distinguished sculp
tor, Wmin. Ordway Partridge, of New
York, will do the work.
One of the state's prominent and tal
ented club women, Mrs. J. Burrows
Johnson, of Shreveport, has been named
as state regent, and Mrs. Minor Merri
weather, also of Shreveport, active and
efficient in broad and helpful work, is
Membership fee should be sent to Mrs.
J. R. Garrison, 1437 R street N. W.,
Washington, D. C.
DR. KREBS' LECTURE.
An appreciative audience greeted Dr.
Krebs on Wednesday night, on the oc
casion of his lecture, delivered in the
,high school auditorium.
"Drifting, or the Psychology of
Pluck," was the subject of Dr. Krebs'
lecture. Dr. Krebs is a magnetic speak
er, and illustrates his lecture by effect
ive gestures and facial expressions-in
truth, he is an actor as well as a speak
er of ability. His lecture was most en
tertaining: sparkling with humorous in
cidents and softened with pathos.
through which ran a thread of strong.
Dr. Krebs is an optimi-t. He believes
that character should reflect the reason
able. sunny side of life, and that "nmen
at some time are masters of their fate."
The audience was delighted with the lec
ture and the lecturer.
Very beautiful vocal solos were con
tributed before and after the lecture,
by Mrs. Walter Crowder and Miss La
vinia Friend, whose charming voices
never fail to delight the most fastidious
audience and draw forth enraptured ap
DEATH OF THE COLQUITT CHIL
The great, overwhelming grief of MJr.
and Mrs. Walter Colquitt in the tragic
death of their beloved children, Fannie
Lee and Pennie, has wrung the hearts
of the community with deepest sympa
thy. How grievous and how cruel does
it seem that such a fate should over
take the young and innocent in going
their accustomed way. Not thinking
of danger, along the great railroad
highway, they were nearing their home
when run upon and crushed by a train
of pondrous cars. Those who saw the
accident rushed to the rescue, but only
to see the mangled forms of the sweet
children, and bear them to the horror
stricken parents, whose grief was over
Death indeed walks with us. It is the
shadow always at our side; but it is
harder to accept when it comes by vio
The sympathy and prayers of every
heart in Shreveport goes out to the
deeply afflicted parents and other
The friends and relatives in this city
of Mr. Chas. D. Pierson are grieved to
hear of his death, which occurred at his
home in St. Louis February 16. Mr.
Pierson was born and reared in the par
ish of Natchitoches, where he has a
large and influential connection. For a
number of years he was a resident of
Shreveport and is affectionately remem
bered by the warm friends made here.
In St. Louis, the home of his adop
tion. MIr. Pierson was held in high es
teem, and his death leaves a void not
soon filled. A devoted wife and young
daughter. just nearing womanhood, sur
February literary meeting of Hypatia
was held with Mrs. Wiltz Ledbetter on
Saturday afternoon. The subject on the
program was Colonial Louisiana Under
Spanish Domination. How change had
come in her progressive destinies and
she found herself a portion of the Span
Paper: The Spanish Rule-Mrs. H. B.
Paper: Social Customs and Manners
of the Times.--Mrs. M. H. Williams.
Paper: Landmarks-Mrs. Whitfield
Discussion of live topics by the club.
Leader, Mrs. W. A. Baillie.
The patronesses of the Colonial ball
which will be given first Friday after
Lent in the interest of the Pocahontas
Memorial Association. are requested to
meet at the home of the state regent,
Mrs. J. Burrows Johnson. Wednesday
afternoon, March 6.
Mrs. Nathan Gregg of Denver. Colo..
accompanied by her daughter. Mrs. J.
C. Hamilton of Baton Rouge, is visit
ing Mrs. Howard Jennings of this city.
Mr. and Mrs. L. R. Logan attended
the funeral of their friend. Mrs. J. H.
Rogers, at Longview', Texas. last Wed
nesday. Mrs. Rogers has a number of
friends in Shreveport who grieve that
the has gone from earth.
Mr. and Mrs. Lamar Campbell have
returned and are with Mrs. S. H. Hart.
Miss Florence Schwarz. a graduate
of our Central High School, is attending
the State Normal.
Another bright graduate, Miss Leah
[Herold, left Monday with her mother,
Mrs. S. Herold, for New Orleans, where
she will enter Newcomb college.
'Miss Daisy Hightower, an accomp
lished elocutionist, is visiting her sister,
Mrs. Duke Hayes. Miss Hightower
intends to organize classes in expres
Mrs. Morgan DeWitt and Mrs. Brew
er of Arcadia were guests of Mrs. W.
B. Hughes the past week.
A WASHINGTON PARTY.
On Friday, February 22 a social was
given complimentary to Mr. Perry
Roehm at the home of Mrs. W. I.
Woodruff, I2oo Jordan street. The en
tertainment was by the Young People's
Association of the Dunlap Memorial
church. The entertainment fulfilled the
most sanguine expectations. Mr. Roehm
has been an active worker for the
church and is held in the highest es
teem. He was connected with the Ath
letic club. Before his going away his
friends desired tg express their appre
ciatiotf of his worth. Delicious fruit
punch and cakes were served. The dec
orations consisted of flags and little
hatchets. Mrs. B. A. English. Mrs.
Davis. Mrs. Frank DeGarmo and Mrs.
W. I. \Woodruff were gowned in Mar
tha \\'ashington style.
Mr.. \lary L. Worley of Spartanburg,
S. C. x i vtin,: her .,i. Mr. E. T. Wor
lcy. and .in niiuly.
Mr-. Thmna- ti. I,,:d eIf: la-.t Tues
day Zr ,Frt \W;rt.:, ti, visit her mother.
W\e wish her a pIleasant visit. and hope
.he wili enj,,v her much needed recrea
.MANSFIELtD BATTLE RO
The Mlansfield Enterprise: The !4ans
tield Battle Park Association has deci
ded to take out a charter under the laws
of the state, in order that they may buy
and hold the land upon which the battle
of Mansfield was fought. The officers
of the Association are working with.
great zeal, and the probability of their
accomplishing this object grows bright
er every day. They should receive th.:
ai and assistance of every lover of the'
*Secretaries of lodges, unions, secret
and benevolent societies. associations
and other organizations are kindly re
quested to send in lists of officers, nam
of organization, meeting place and t
of meeting. This information is desire
for the new 19o7 City Directory. Plea4
send in at once and oblige,
LOUIS N. BRUEGGERHOFF,
P. O. Box
The Commoner: A newspaper
dlares that there would be more R
efellers in the world if young men
as much time in money making as t
do in love making. Perhaps, but th
is something wrong about the y
man who would rather make
than to mnake love. Besides, haven't
enough Rockefellers now?
Dallas News: Every newspaper
any importance has a characteristic
some sort. The organ that plays ch
attorney for this set or that individ
whether its client is guilty or in
gdod or bad. cannot expect to sustain
character for either honesty, inde
ence or courage. No newspaper
any right to attempt to deceive its
ers in the interest of its favorites,
for any other purpose; and when it
this it means that its character is yet
The Commoner: The administra
opposes the idea of making a full
of military affairs -in the Pilippi
the ground that it would be furn
too mnuch information for'Japan.
real reason probably is that it would
furnishing too much information to
taxpayers of the United States.
William A. Malruy
Attorney at Law and
Office over Commercial National
Long Distance Phone 631.
PARKER & STRINGFELLOW.
Wholesale and Retail
FLOUR AND MEAL ',
Commission Merchant .,
721-723 Texas Street.
Jersey . Cattle, Berkshire
Plymouth Rocks, Wyan
dottes and Leghorns.
We are headquarters for the above
breeds. We have a choice lot of young :.
cockerels and can please the most fas.
tidious. Eggs for hatching $2S.oo per 25, d
$Io.oo per hundred. Address Caddo
Downs Poultry and Stock Co. Ltd., S.
Q. Hollingsworth, Manager, Shreve
Wholesale and Retail
PAINTS, WALL PAPER,
GLASS, PICTURE FRAME
and ROOM MOULDINGI
Distributing Agent for
Heath & Milligan's Paints
PAINTING, PAPER HANGING an
Phone 26&. 504 Texas Street