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SZ1lrcvuVcport WAit Dc*
VOL. 1. SHREVEPORT, LA., THUIRSDAY, JULY 25, 1861. NO. 75.
I'1ie' Sire eport f)ailv News,
1'a14hf;,'erf et Tirrlun1a. (l'euneausdap, Thura
Ja,,. rirduy, ucad Silurdiiy snoreing,
Office, eon Texasm Street,
AJ~ºr , nrui&. near tle Ala vor-r oJ.ic.
T %RM S:
Iai! t . p- v'.vu' in Adlvatti4.....i$.. ;-5iI
)Ueli·or.*d Isy carr'ier, 20) ccuts
V4.. kit ilo)iidLa) in advance........2.3')
A Dý,TERTTIGINCý RAZ`EG=
IF'OR THIE WEEKLY:
bor ':'!isqua&re: of twelve lines or less
or i. irt insertio . .. . . 1.0 )
Iu Path aae i .iztiinul insertioti, pe
y nitre . .......... ...............
'OR ' 'l', D)AIL Y:
F,i"L'~i ii =i . ~=
4 squares, j 1 " 22; 2r'7: : .111 5i1
:" Squares , tii2(.' :i11 lfi SIE Eit7
l ,?lci""ltp.. . ..ýiia 4I "Iil 1 ;ri ti(il 711! I
lb sqtiites,_. tilr ~tt r'7 al iJ4'l~f i1"2S 1541
For preitifes~iu iil an131 butsiness curds, (in
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Advertitisents Inpiihsho,'l at irregular
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A iiiloltticitig 'it'luidites tfor a 1 istrict or
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A~it."rt is.::ailts iut tiirkliel on tie copy
1;"r a ,i.. otied Biitie, will lie inserted till
fc rhiu~, :11II1 ImplienL')t esiuL~teel.
l:tr isi4iE· t." :irl .loath' will lie puld lisbed
a- h~Ewtvj nI tori. , trilruta's of respect, ianid
t'itiirajL 1k tat bitSu. itS oitk'er niidvertisetlentltt.
i~i~l~& . nrxTs~ox,
J)E NTI iSTi
Office nearly opposite the
PusRs VETi,, A.
GREO. IV KENDALL,
Office, corner Market. anid Milain tts..
Opposibr tIe BanAk.
ul UIJIIEVFIPORT, T.A.
DR. A. F. CULARK,
OjEc at 7. II. 21rris' Drug Sorec.
Corner of Spring and Forrin Sta.
No 9-d IN.
L)rps, P zintsa, Oils, Varniskes q4
SIG!. F THUE GOLDEN MORTAR,
Shreveport, Texas St.
Published in Vicksburg, Mins. by
M. Shannon. Ternms, in advance,
Daily per annum, 88; Weekly, $3.
ICEI/ ICE! ICE/
A CARGO of Rockland Lake,
Crystal ICE. just received and for
sale by A. ENGLE & CO.
Shreoveport, April 25-nll-tf
ATTORNEYS AT LAW.
B. L. HODGE,
.A.tt.orney at Law,
Office over Childers 4 Beard's Store.
Cor. Texas and Spring stas.,
I11-lydi SHRRVEPORT, LA.
L. M. NUTT,
LAttoirney at LTarv,
Ofice, corner 31ilam 4. Market S&rects.
I'ractiecs in Caddo, Bossier and
I.rON .H. .MARKS. THOS. (U PO.LLOCK.
MJARKS 4. POLLOCK.
Attorneys & Counsellors at Law,
1R.1(TI(l incopanrtnership in all
the court: held in the city of Shreve
port. and in the parishest of Le Soto
SffiCe on Marlket street near 4:I Milam.
ROUT. J. [Loo\ SY. S M WELLS.
LOOrEY I4 tIELL'.s,
1/trfineys y4 Counselors at La e.
ILL practice in the Courts tof
Caddo and surrounding parishes, and
in the Supreme Court at Monroe and
Alexandria. Office on Market street.
near the Postoffice, Shreve p.rt, Lan.
EMME T D. C'RAIG,
Attorney and Counselor at Law,
Ojficc, opposite Post Office,
Will practice in tlhe Couirm. of
Caddo. )e6Soto, and Bossier. 1 d 1
J. (:. MJO1NCRE.
SI/ e E i.1.R RT, c.r.
Odice uwith L. _11. corv ,-,-, c .
A 31MAIsr ()NIC.
A I ll:lAEP'1)JT l.Ot)(,;E of F.
s:11d A. "I. \n. I I., Iuºetqs
.JaiIs W.. JostI:., X. 3I'.
.J. II. Brownlee. Me~i',"'y.
S/arcriport Chapter of R. A. M. Ný . 10.
nieq;ts ou the '2nd and 4th .ll,mdliy (,It(c',1
miouith. att 7.j P. M. J. G. Ml:\VIujvt. s,
'1. C. Wadkor, fleturd.r. Jl, P.
Shrerejirt Counucil, It. and S. 31. No. 5.
htcts oil the 1st and 3d Saturdaiy of o uha
mouth, at 74 P. M. EMM:'r 1). Cr.i;
henry Levy, lcRorder. 'I'. .
t .f Plate of iteotiigr, at the Masonic I lrl
on eIox.L' street, over Mayor's otlicc. too'4
.-·~~a-·- 1. 0. 0. F.
--" Thle regular mneetings of
NEI'J'1I LODGE, No. 21. utre held
oil XVedaltiiday eveil xg±, at 7 o'c'lock,
at thcir Lodge Itoom ont 'I'?xths Streeut.
1-. IL. 1(E;YES, N. (;.
S. Si:i.In;M1tA, Secretary. n1O
J. E. IIII:IPs. J. V. ROGERS
Phelps & Rogers.,
(Succssors to '. II. Etheridge I
Cor. Commcwe and JA7lam. ats..
Keep constantly onl: hand a large as
sortment of ,Stag/e and Fancy Gro
ceries, I (Iy, Corn, Oats, etc.
Advancts made on caonsigunments to
our friends in New Orle'nns. n 8dly
J. R. Simpson. G. M. Calkoun.
Siumpson & Calhoun.,
WARBEHOUSE & COMMISSION
Receivinig and Forwarditng Agents,
Having leased the popular and commo
dious Warehouse of Messrs. Howard, Tally
& Co., and having had long experience in
business, we hope to receive a share of the
publie patronage, and pledge ourselves to
do all in our power to give entire satisfac
tion in all business entrusted to our care.
All we ask is a trial. ao25
Assemblage of the eofederate
MESSAGE OP PRESIDENT DAVIS.
Richmond, July 20.-Congress
met to-day, pursuant to adjourn
The following is President Davis's
message to Congress, which was
s, read in open session :
Gestlemen-3My message addressed
to you at the commencement of the
1( session, contains such full informa
tion] of the state of the Con
K. federacy as to render it unneces
sary that I should now do more than
call your attention to such events
' as have occurred during recess,
and to matters connected with the
lII public defence.
I have again to congratulate you
to on the accession of new members to
our confederation of free, equal, sov
n ereign States. Our loved and honor
e'd brethren of North Carolina and
Tennessee have consumated the ac
s. tion foreseen and provided for at
your last session, and I have had
the gratification of announcing by
proclamation in conformity with a
law that those States were admitted
at into the Confederacy. The people
d of Virginia, also' by a majority pre
d viously unknown in her history, have
t ratified the action of her convention
t-uniting her fortunes with ours.
The States of Arkansas, North Car
olina, and Virginia have likewise
adopted the permanent Constitution
or, f the Confederate States, and no
doubt is entertained of its adoption
by Tennessee at the election to be
held early next month.
I deemed it advisable to direct the
rembvaln of the several Executive
I):partments with their archives to
this city, to which you had removed
the seat of government.
Ininediately after your adjourn- I
ment, tire aggressive movements of '
the enemy required prompt, energet
ic action. 'the accumnulation .ofhis'
- threes sufficiently demonstrated that
his efiorts were to be directed against
Virgirnia, and from no point could
necessary measures for her defence
amnd protection he so efficiently direc
ted as ften her own capital.
The rapid progress of events for 1
the last i:w weeks has fully sufficed
to strip the vail behind which the t
true policy and purposes of the Gov
ernment of the United States had e
been concealed. Their odious fea- !
tures now stand fully revealed. The i
message of their President, and the a
action of their Congress during the y
month, confess the intention of the
subjugation of these States by as
war whose folly is equalled by its
wickedness-a war which it is im- to
possible to attain the purposed re- t
sult, whilst its dlire calamities, which a
cannot be avoided by us, will fall l
with double severity on themselves. la
Commencing in March last with n
an affectation of ignorance of the se- C
cession of seven States which first C
organized the Government; persis
ting, in April, in an idle and absurd tI
assumiption of the existence of a riot rv
which was to be dispersed by a pos
se comitatus; continuing in success- ci
ive months the false representation 'a
that these States intended offensive cl
war, in spite of conclusive evidencef
to the contrary, furnished as well Lv
official action as by the very basis b'
on which this Government is consti- cc
tuted, the President of the United tc
'States and his advisers succeeded in is
deceiving the people of those States tr
into the belief that the purpose of t
this Government was not peace at
homne, but conquest abroad; not de
fence of its own liberties, but the
subversion of those of the people of V
the United States. P
The series of manoocuvres by ce
which the impression was created, ct
the art with which they were devised,
and the perfidy with which they bJ
were executed, were already known a
to you, but you could scarcely have "
supposed that they would be openly at
avowed, and their succeds made the
subject of boaSt and self-laudation in
an Executive message.
Fortunately for truth in history,
3. the President of the United States
Sdetails with extreme minuteness the
is attempt to reinforce Fort Pickens in
1- violation of an armistice of which
he confessed to have been informed,
'a but only by rumors or vague and
is uncertain information to create at
d The hostile expedition dispatched
e to reinforce Fort Sumpter admitted
z- to have beenovertaken, with aknowl.
1- edge that its success was impossi
n The sending of the notice to the
8 Governor of South Carolina, of his
intention to use force in accomplish.
e ing this object, and then quoting
from the inaugural address that there
could be no cdnflict unloss those
u States were the aggressors. He
r proceeds to declare that his duty
r- so free from the power of ingenious
d sophistry as that the world should
not be able to misunderstand.
At And in the defiance of his own
d statement that he gave notice ofthe
Sapproach ofa hostile fleet, he char
a ges these States with being the as
d sailants of the United States, with
e out gun in sight or expectancy to re
turn their fire, save a few in the
e fort. He is, indeed, fully justified in
saying that the cause is so free from
the powers of ingenious sophistry
that the world will not be able to 4
e misunderstand it under cover of this
a unfounded pretence that the Confed- I
Serates are the assailants.
a That high functionary after cx
Spressing his concern that some of
the foreign nations had so shaped i
e their actions, as if they supposed the
e early destruction of our National
3 Union probable, abandons all further
disguise and proposes to make the
contest a short and decisive one by 7
Splacing at the control of the Govern- I
f ment for the work at least 400,0001
mer4400,000,000. The Congress con- I
curring in the doubt thus intimated
as to the sufficiency of the force de- C
manded has increased it to half a t
million men. 'T'he enormous lprepar- I
ations in men and money for the con- t
duct of the war on a scale more gigan- (
ic than any which the New World I
Shas ever witnessed. is a distinct c
avowal in the eyes of civilized man a
that the United States are engaged c
in a conflict with a great and pow- a
erful nation. They are at last com- e
polled to abandon the pretence of be- r
ing engaged in disposing of rioters f
and suppressing insurrections, and r
are driven to the acknowledgement I
that the present Union has been dis- a
They recognize the separate exis- r
tence of the Confederate States by in- s
terdiction, embargo and blockade on tl
all commerce between them and the b
United States, not only by sea but by nr
land, not only in ships but in cars, b
not only with those who bear arms, a
but with the entire population of the h
Confederate States. Finally thevy ii
have repudiated their foolish consent C
that the inhabitants of this Confede- e
racy are still citizens of the United ri
States, for they are waging an indis- d
criminate war upon them all, with n
savage ferocity unknown to modern p
civilization. In this war rapine is w
the rule. I'rivate residences, inpeace- of
ful rural retreats, are bounbarded and ci
burnt. Grain crops in the field are ci
consumed by the torch, and when the ci
torch is not convenient cnreful labor n
is bestowed to render complete des- tl
trnction of every article of use or orn- d
aimnent remaining in private dwell
ings, after their inhabitants have fled tl
from the outrages of a brutal soldiery. d
In 1781, Great Britain, when In- oi
vading her revolted colonies, took e:
possession of every district in the tl
country. Fortress Monroe, now oc- s1
cupied by the troops of the United be
States, and the houses, then inhabited ol
by the people, after being respected Im
and pro,tected by avowed invaders, tl
are now pillaged and destroyed by si
men who pretend that their victims tc
are their fellow-citizens, hi
Mankind will shAdder to hear- the vi
talesof outrages committed on defence- tk
less females by the soldiery of the
r, United States, now invading our
a homes. Yet these outrages areprompt
e ed by the inflamed passionsand mad
a ness of intoxication.
h But who shall depriciate the horror
I, with which they regard the cool, de
d liberate malignity with which, under
t- the pretext of suppressing an insur
reetion, said by themselves to be up
d held by a minority only of our people,
d makes a special war on the sick, in
.cluding women and children, by care
- fully devised measures toprevent their.
obtalning medicines necessary for
e theircure. Sacred claims to humanity
a even during the fury ofactual battle, by
a carefal deviation of an attack upon
; the hospitals containing wounded ene
e mies, are outraged in cold blood by a
e Government and people that pretend
a to desire a continuance of fraternal
- connections. All these outrages must
s remain unavenged, save by the uni
I versal reprobation of mankind. In
all cases where the actualprepetratomrs
i of wrongs escape capture, they admit
Sof no retaliation.
The humanity of our people would
-shrink instinctively from the bare
- idea of waging a like war upon the
sick, the women and the children of
SBut there are other savage practices
Swhich have been resortedto by the Go
r vernment of the United States which
Sdo admit of repression by retaliation.
I have been driven to necessarily en
- forcing this repression.
The prisoners of war taken by the
Senemy on board the armed schooner
PF Savannah, sailing under our commis
1sion, were, as I am creditably ad
Svised, treated like common felons, put
I in irons, confined in a jail usually ap
Spropriated to criminals of the worst
dye, and threatened with punishment
as such. I had made application f(or
the exchange of these prisoners to
the commanding officer of the ene
my's squadron, off Charleston, but
chat dfiicer had already sent the pris
oners to New York, when the applica
tion was made. I, therefore, deemed
it my duty to renew the proposal for
the exchange to the constitutional
Commander-in-Chief of the army and
navy of the United States, the only
officer having control of the prison
ers. To this end, I dispatched an
officer to him under a flag of truce.
and in making the proposal I inform
ed President Lincoln of my resolute
purpose to check all barbarities on
prisoners of war by such severity.
retaliating on prisonars held by the
United States, as should secure the
abandonment of the practice. T¶o
this communication a reply would be
returned by President Lincoln as
soon as possible. I earnestly hope
this prounised reply, which has not
been received, will convey the assu
rance that the prisoners of war will
be treated in this unhappy contest
with that regard to humanity which
has made such conspicuous progress
in the conduct of modern warfare.
Of the resources of precaution, how
ever, and until the promised reply is
received, I still retain in close cust.
dy some of the captured of the ecn
my, whom it had' been my pleasure
previously to enlarge on tarole, and
whose fate must necessarily depend
on that of the prisoners held by til
enemy. I append a copy of myv
communication to the President and
commander-in-chief of the army and
navy of the United States, and of
the report of the officer charged to
deliver it. [Marked Doc. A.]
There are some other passages in
the remarkable papertowhich 1 have
directed your attention, having refer
once to the peculiar relations which
exist between this Government and
the States usually termed "Border
slave States" which cannot properly
be withheld from notice. The hearts
of our people are animated by senti
ments towards the inhabitants of
those States which has found expres
sion in your exa6tmnent, refusing to
consider them enemies or authorise
hostilities against them. That a
very large portion of the people r.:
those States regard as as brethren---