Newspaper Page Text
Pulolimh.ed . at 4 P. RM.
G. W. McCRANIE, Editor.
MONROE, LA., DECEMBER 19,1870.
For Land-Owners and Home-Seekers on
The annoyance, expense and general
dissatisfaction, experienced in carrying
on large plantations under the present
system of free negro labor, would cause
almost the entire abandonment of the
plantation plan of planting, if any other
feasible mode could be ascertained
whereby the land-owner could secure
a reasonable rate of interest upon the
capital he has invested in lands, tene
ments, stock, &c. There are no large
planters in this section, who are such
from choice. The wear and tear upon
the mind, the aggravating character of
the laborers, the failures and embar
rassments incident to such a life, are al
most incalculable, and are destructive
of the best aims and results of social life.
But to discover the means of reform,
and to demonstrate their practicability,
are matters not easily done to the satis
faction of the large landed proprietor.
We have long believed that the land
owners were not without a specific rein
edy, in a combination of elements easi
ly brought together; and the plan we
have had in our mind-not unfolded
in deference to croakers-has received,
in one of the southern parishes, the
sanction of practical success, upon a faij
trial. Mr. Grovemberg, a Creole, living
and owning a sugar plantation in St.
Marys, contracted with five families
from the parish of Lafourche, to culti
vate his place. These families were al
most destitute, but were industious and
willing to be tenants. About three
thousand dollars were expended in
building houses and fences for these fam
ilies, and corn, provisions, &c., provid
ed, the tenants furnishing ponies for
plowing. They purchased a few pigs,
chickens and turkeys for their wives to
tend, and the men and boys went to the
field. The wives have earned largely
from their poultry, one selling $120
worth of eggs alone, in twelve months.
The men have earned $1000 to the fam
ily, in corn, sugar and molasses, and
the little colony is prosperous and con
In the parish of Ouachita there are
not less than fifty plantations, of splen
did river land, where the plan briefly
detailed might be profitably inaugu
rated. The plantations could be laid
off in lots of 40, 60 or 100 acreseach, with
a river front to each lot, and upon the
front, suitable tenements, at a small ex
pense, erected. The places are nearly
all ready for the plough and a crop at
West of this, on the high hills over
looking the magnificent alluvial lands
between the Ouachita and the Missis
sippi rivers, is a population of frugal
and industrious farmers. They are mak
ing a living, as the phrase goes, but
every furrow they turn is accompanied
by a sigh for better lands and better
profits. But how are they to purchase
land at $30 per acre, and when it can be
bought only in bodies of several hun
dred acres? They want richer lands,
but cannot buy. So, the land-owner
wants better plowing, better hoeing and
larger yields, and no trouble.
Is there any obstacle, worth the men
tion, to the accommodation, by ex
change, of these two wants? By the
arrangement we have indicated, both
parties would be accommodated, the
products of the country increased, the
tone of society improved, a population
of working bees added to the hive and
the face of the country made bright and
cheerful with pleasant little homes filled
with smiling intellectual faces. Who
of our planters will set this ball in mo
[Special to the Daily Telegraph.1
WASHINGTON, Dec. 17.-Pleasanton
is not to assume the duties of Commis
sioner of Internal Revenue for two
The Attorney-General has decided
that whenever the United States has
paid any coupons of the Pacific Rail
road Company, the Secretary of the
Treasury may immediately demand
from said company reimbursement
therefor, and may at once proceed, in
case of default, to seize for payment.
The Secretary of the Treasury may,
under this decision, withhold payment
for Government transportation over the
WASHINGTON, Dec. 18.-Rear Ad
miral Samuel Breeze is dead.
The Central market burned, and two
persons perished in the flames.
The Telegraph committee of the
House is unanimously in favor of Gov
ernment telegraph, but is divided as to
NEW YORK, Dec. 17.-The Bank
statement shows that loans have de
creased one and three-fourths millions;
specie has increased nearly a quarter
million; deposits decreased over two
millions, and legal tenders decreased
over one and a half millions.
NEW YORK, Dec. 18.-The Herald's
special from Raleigh, N. C., says that
the Judiciary Committee of the House
has been in continuous session since
Thursday, framing articles of impeach
ment against Holden. The articles are
still unfinished, but will be completed
Monday, when the Senate will arraign
the Governor and his official functions
will cease. The trial will not com
mence until after Christmas. It is ru
mored that Gen. B. F. Butler will come
down to defend Holden, who has
trouble in finding efficient home de
TROY, N. Y., Dec. 17.-Franklin Ket
ler and wife, two of the oldest and meet
respectable citizens of Southampton,
were murdered by a blind son who had
disputed with his father about a will.
NEW YORK, Dec. 17, p. m.-Gold not
very active; opened at 110} and re-acted
LoNDON, Dec. 16.-It is said that the
delay of the French Government in ac
ceding to the London conference is
wholly due to the difficult communica
tion between Bordeaux and Paris.
The Prussian Government charges
the French consul at Luxemberg with
re-enlistment of fugitives from the
BRUSSELs, Dec. 16.-The French Pro
visional Government advises the pay
ment of the January interest on the
LILLE, Dec. 16, p. m.-It is rumored
that there has been another sortie from
Paris, which accounts for the rapid
withdrawal of German forces from this
region. It is said the French came out
in immense force, and have already
completely invested Versailles. Fight
ing is now going on in the direction of
Albert and Abbeville.
NEW YORK, Dec. 17.-A special to
the World, dated Tours, 16th, says that
in the engagement between the main
body under Chansey and the Prussians
yesterday near Blois, the latter were
repulsed, but the result is yet inde
LONDON, Dec. 17.-The Examiner of
yesterday has an editorial on the late
message of President Grant, and the re
lations between the United States and
Great Britain. It urges that the ques
tions at issue between the two countries
should be left to a court of arbitration,
and that such court sit permanently.
The bark Ibis, from New York for
Cork, upset at Queenstown yesterday,
owing to the shifting of her cargo.
The French ports of Fecamp, Dieppe
and Havre are to be blockaded.
CARLSHRUE, Dec. 17.-The Baden
Chamber has ratified the federal treaty
looking to the annexation of that State
to the North German Confederation.
LONDON, Dec 17.-The French gun
boats are cruising between Cherbourg
and Havre, but no Prussians appeared.
The journals of to-day referring to the
triumph of the peace party in the Cabi
net, say the Government has signed
England's abdication as a great power.
FLORENCE, Dec. 17.-The King of
Spain sails Monday.
CATONA, Sicily, Dec. 17.-Steamer
Peyche, of British Eclipse Expediton,
has foundered. Crew and instruments
BORDEAUX, Dec. 17.-The Prussians
did not attack Gen. Chansey yesterday.
Chansey has recieved many re-inforce
It is understood that the generals com
manding the armies of the Loire have
concocted a plan for simultaneous for
ward movement, all having been large
The Germans are retreating all along
the valley of the Loire.
The charge against the General com
manding at Tours is that he left behind
guns and other material, when there
was no enemy near the city.
The French in the North have gained
Havre will be defended to the last.
BERLIN, Dec. 17.--Four times the
amount reguired for the new loan has
Russia's reply to Prussia's note re
garding Luxemberg, says:
,"The King of Holland must disprove
charges brought against the Duchy, or
give guarantees that the obligations of
neutrality shall not be violated again.
If, however, the charges alleged are
proved, Prussia is justified in annexing
The French were driven from Ven
DIJon, Dec. 17, via BznLzN.-The
Prussians attacked the French near
Langeal, and drove them in the fortress.
The military commandant of Tours
is relieved for precipitate evacuation.
BALTIMORE, Dec. 17.-The Baltimore
& Ohio Railroad disclaims any knowl
edge of a dispatch from New York, that
they declined to send a representative
to the Erie convention. The company
has not been represented in any con
vention of the trunk-lines for four or
five years, and has taken no new or re
cent action in regard to representation
in any convention.
PHILADELPHIA, Dec. 17.-The entire
stock of the American Steamship Com
pany has been taken.
DETROIT, Dec. 18.-Primrose, who
was found guilty of embezzling $23,000
from the Grand Trunk Railroad, was
sentenced to three years in State prison.
Supt. Martin, who received $13,000 of
the money, fled to Canada.
The Salt Inspector reports 628,979
bushels; an increase over last year of
SANTA FE, Dec. 18.-At El Passo, B.
F. Williams, a lawyer, shot Senator
Fountain, seriously wounding him.
Williams, resisting an arrest, killed
Judge Clark. Capt. French, ofthe8tate
Police, then killed Williams.
SAN FRANCISC('O, Dec. 18.-Three
hundred men took Michael Lacheni,
who murdered Jacob Bell, from Los
Angeles and hung him.
NEW ORLEANS, Dec. 17.-Departed-
No boat for the Ouachita. Raining all
Flour-supr. $5.20; double ex. $5.621@
5.65; treble ex. firstname.lastname@example.org.
Corn-dull; white 66.
Hay-prime 28.00 per cwt.
Pork-dull; mess $22.
Bacon-shoulders 141, 15, to 151.
Hams-sugar cured 19 to 231.
Lard-dull and lower; tierce 12@121;
Sugar-easier; prime 9t@101.
Cattle-Texas beeves, first quality,
$40@45; second quality $25@85. Sheep
-first quality, $5@7; second quality,
$3@4. Yearlings $8@12. Calves $7@10.
Cotton-steady; sales 8000 bales. Good
ordinary 131@131; low middling 131
0141; middling 14@141. Recpts. 11,779
bales. Exports to Liverpool 3151 bales,
Hamburg 1820 bales. Week's sales
54,000 bales. Week's receipts 63,579
bales. Weak's exports to Liverpool
11,680 bales; to other foreign ports 12,051
bales; to New York 3183 bales. Stock
Sterling 20}@20}; sight J@# discount.
LIVERPOOL, Dee. 17, p. m.-Cotton
opened quiet; Uplands 81d, Orleans
81@81d. Sales 1200 bales.
NEWYORK, Dec. 18.-Cotton move
ment for the week heavy. Receipts for
all ports 155,717 bales against 152,320
last week; 140,674 the previous week;
and 118,690 three weeks since. Total
receipts for the expired portion of the
cotton year 1,372,557 bales against 1,110,
950 last year.
Exports at all ports for the week 117,
598 bales against 60,713 this week last
year. Total exports for expired por
tion of cotton year 755,168 bales against
555,846 last year.
Stock at all ports 468,254 bales against
886,393 this date last year. Stocks at
interior towns 104,486 bales against 88,
856 last year. Stock in Liverpool 371,
000 against 349,000 last year.
Amount of Indian cotton Afloat for
Great Britain 135,000 bales against 181,
000 last year.
The weather at the South has been
unfavorable, as a general thing, for
picking operations during the week.
Much rain has fallen, and in some sec
tions the weather has been cold, with
slight snow storms. It is a matter for
regret that depression in the cotton
trade continues, more especially as it
affects so many business interests, to
say nothing of the commerce of the
country. The decline in cotton and the
current market quotations represent a
loss to the country of $150,000,000. This,
of course, will be seriously felt in the
export trade of the country, and will
entail heavy losses on the Southern
This large pecuniary loss to the cot
ton-growing States will materially cur
tail purchases of merchandizein North
ern cities by Southern merchants. No
where will this loss of trade be so inju
riously felt as in New York city.
A man with four wives was brought
before a dutch Justice for commitment
on a charge of bigamy.
"Four vives I" exclaimed the aston
ished Hans, ",four vives? Dat vas
moos hinocious crime! Discharge him
"Why?" protested the prosecutor'
"why discharge him when the proof
is positive? Will the court explain "
"Yes: I ecksplains. Off he ilif mit
four wives, he got punishment enough.
I lif mit von, and I got too much pun
The depth of cowardicefearing to
strike a balance sheet.