Newspaper Page Text
THE MISSISSIPPI RIVER.
The question .as to makii:g an
appropriation for leveeing the Mis
sissippi river may be regarded as
disposed of by the present session
of congress. A bill has been re
ported recommending a survey of
the river, which is a great gain to
ward reclaiming the overflowed
lands. In speaking of the propos
ed survey, the St. Louis Repubti
can says : 'The river from St.
Louis to the gulf is regarded as a
continuous stream, requireing treat
ment as a whole, not a stream cut
into sections which may be treated
separately, and without any special
reference to each other. The corn'
mission is to make a careful survey
of the whole river between the
points named, prep: re a plan with
accompanying estimates, which is
to be submitted to congress and
when approved by that body will
be taken as a guide in all work
done hereafter. This will insure
harmony of action which is indes
pensable to the paramount improve.
ment of the great national highway.
It will bring order out of confu
sion, and give a.regular system
where hitherto there has been only
disconnected and spasmodic effort.
It will prevent the throwing away
of money in useless experiments,
and put every dollar where it will
do the most good. When the sur
vey is extended to the upper Miss
issippi, as we presume it eventually
will be, then the gigantic task of
which it is the preliminary step m4y
be considered fairly under way
with every prospect of successful
completion. The composition of
the commission is not objectionable
Three army engineers and two civ
ilians--the latter selected for their
familiarity with the river,-will
make a first-class board, providing,
of course, the very best material is
chosen. Political influence and
the location of the candidates
have nothing to do with the choice.
Pre-eminent fitness must be the only
and all-sufficient recommendation.
If it is not, the commission is an
assured failure in advance. Two
years, the time which it is
thought the survey will occupy,
is none too long for the work to be
done. Indeed, if that work is done
in the proper manner and fully
completed within the period speci
fied. the commissioners will have
no idle moments. It is altogeth'
er the largest river burvey ever at
tempted, and its importance equals
its size. While uunnecessar de
lays ought to be avoided, nothing
should be sacrificed for the sake of
baste. Mississippi improvement
can afford to wait, but it cannot
afford to risk the conseque:ce of a
blunder. Better go slowly and
surely than rapidly and doubtfully.
About one thing, however, there
need be, no delay at all. The
house should pass the bill as soon
as possible, and the senate act with
equal promptuess. The amends
ments, if there are to be any.
should be brought forward and
adopted at once. The commission
ought to commence operations be
fore the summer is over, and will
if Congress does its duty."-M-em,
Farm work in East Baton Rouge
is progressing very satisfactorily.
Planters are nearly through plant.
ing and are preparing to work out
their corn. The weather has been
unusually favorable and with a
continuance thereof we have every
reason to believe good crops will
be made anu the prosperity of
our parish measurab;y restored.
The sad failure of last year cast .
gloom over our section but our ex
cel:2.. prospect for the futuire has
given new hopes, and the courage
and energy with which our people
havegoneto workis certainly worth
y of commendation and success. All
things considered we feel that our
section has much to be thankful for.
Although times have been and are
yet hard' there is less suffering
here among the poor classes thani
in other sections of the country
The outlook is very hopjeful an d
we see much to render one cheer
S' Mr. Thomas Barret, mate
of a whaling brig recently lost in
Hudson's Bay, has. it is reported,
discovered proof of the existence
of the records of the ill-fated Arctic
expedition, which was commanded
by Sir John Franklio. The na
tives ha'e spliecified exactly where
the books, etc., are to be found, so
that Mr. Barrot is about to organ
ize an expedition to sail from New
York in the spring to obtain
them. Some years ago Parliament
it is stated, offered a reward of
$100,000 for the recovery of
thcse relies, and on the preseat
maintainance of this offer, the .aii.
ing of the new expedition will a:
Call at Mumford's or Brooks' Drug
Store and get a trial packago of Dr. A.
Q. Sinmmons' Vogetable Liver Medicine.
It costs you nothing a~nd may save your
THE NEW ELECTORAL SCHEME.
The electoral scheme agreed up
on by the House sub committee,
and which, will be proposed as an
amendment to the constitution, is
rather too complicated a problem
of high mathcqmatics to commend
itself at once to the average voter.
To arrive at the vote of a -tate
will involve a sum in long divis
ion and result, in most instances,
in a lot of decimals and fractions
that will shroud the whole affair in
a Delphic mystery far more inpen
etrable to the masses than was
even the legordermain of aliunde
and the eight to seven fraud.
This will be an insurmountable ob
jection to the plan,, for the result
of an election for President should
be self-evident and plain to every
one, though he be a wayfaring
man and a fool , nor do we see any
necessity for compliciting it with
refinements, whether of mathcs
matics or law.
The present sytem is simple
enough,. but it is by no means sat
isfactory or just, and the proof of
it is that several presidents have
been elected who had not received
a plurality of the popular vote
notably Mr. Lincoln. Under the
present system all the electoral
votes a State is entitled to are giv
en to the presidenttial candidate
who has received a majority or
plurality of the popular vote.
The injustice of this plan was -il
lustratea in.the last election, for,
granting that Hayes carried both
Louisiana and Fldrida, yet Tilden
received an immense popular mt
jority. It enables a large State
like New Yoek, Pennsylvania or
Ohio in a close election to cast it
large electoral vote for one candi
date and elect him, even though
his opponent may have received
a large popular majority. The
new plan is based on the theory
that the majority is entith d to
representation, and the aim is to
aggregate and apportion the wholt
vote cast for both candidates. It
provides that the number of o:; u
lar votes cast for a candidate in a
State shall be multiplied by the
whole number of electors the State
is entitled to, the product to be
divided by the total popular vote
of the state. For example at the
last election the popular vote of
Louisiana was as follows :"
Ttlden-................... 83 859
Hayes.................. 7. 7,174
If we multiply *he T'lden vote,
83,859, by 8, the number of elec
tors Louisiana is entitled to, th3
product is 690.872, which s..m, di
vided by 161 033, the total %ote of
the State, produces a qu.tiett of
4. 2. which is the proportion ol
the Louisiana vote Tilden would
have received. By a similar pro
cess we get 3"8 as the number
to be counted for Hayes, the whole
making 8, the total electoral Vote
of the State. A simpler method
of obtaiuinzg the same result would
be to divide the entire vote by the
number of erectors, thus ascertain
ing the number of votes each ei"c
tor represents, and then divide the
number of votes received by each
candidate by this quotient. For
example, the total vote of Louisi
ana was 161,033, and there being
eight electors, eacht represented
20,129 118 votes, by which num,
her the votes of Tilden and Haye
are to be respectively divided.
This plan will certainly obtain
a more equitable count as it will
secure an apportionment of the
vote of each based on the popular
vote, and thus prevent the defeat
of a majority by a minority candi
date before the people. But it is
too complicated an athair to readi
ly reach the apprehension of the
people, and as it necessitates a con
stitutional amendment there is not
mucn likelihood of its securing the
iwo-thiras vote necessary to se
cure its passage.
The question is one of great and
even vital importance, for so long
as the question of deciding between
disputed electoral votes is lef,
open, the safety and peace of tlhe
country will be jeopardized by
each recurring presidential elec
tion. To be satislactory there
must be some plan devised of ob
taining absolute certainty, and
this we think can be obtained, to
gether with a measurable corrcc
tioe of the present iniquities, under
the existing electoral system.-- .N'.
iP" The Columbus, Ga., Enquirer
prints thiu diamond story : "Prof J. E
Bassett, of French Broad, N. C., who is
now in Wetumpka, Ala., has a diamond
not only of enormous size, but of romark
able purity. It was found by his wife,
Mrs. A. H. Bassets, on the banks of the
Coosa river, just beloa the falls within
the corporate limits of WVetumpka. As
soon as the professorexhibited the stone
he was offered $10,000 for it. Ho had the
stone examined by W. J. Preston, a
watchmaker and jeweler, who pro
nounced it intrinsically worth $75,000.
He will seud it to Tiffany & Co., of
_New York, to have it dreseed."
ai* Ofi'cial returns state that
the Russian losses in killed and
wounaded during the late war
umounted to 80,304 officers and
men. Among thtesi were ten Gen
orals killed and eleven wounded.
One Prince of the Impterial family
and 34 members of the higher to
bility of Russia lell on the field of
battle. Of the wounded. 36,824
are perfectly recovered and 10.000
more will he ably to leave the his
pitals during the next few weeks.
The proportion of killed and
wounded to the total number en
gaged was very large,, one out of
every six men who went into ac=
tion being either injured or left
dead on the battle field. In the
great actions of the Franco-Ger
man war the proportion killed and
wounded to men engaged was very
nearly the same, being one-sixlth in
the battles Worth aild Spjeheren,
and one-eighth .in the battle oI
Mars-La-Tour. The returns hlso
sow that one out of every eleven
wounded men received into the
Russian hospitals died from the ef
fects of the injuries received. Du
riug the whole campaign only two
men were punished with death,
one for the crime of desertion, the
other ftor robbery accompa.nied
with violence. On the olher hand
20,000 reward- were given in the
form of decorations, promotions,
or awarCs of money, the Eghth
Corps which so long held and de
leaded the Shipka Pass, receiving
the greatest proportion .
WHAT TO TEACH GIRLS.
[Translated from the German.]
. Give your danghtels a thorcugh edu
catioh. Teach them to prepare a nour
ishing diet. Teach them to wash, to
iron, to darn stockings, to sew on buttons,
to make their own dresses. Teach them
to bake bread, and that a good kitchen
lessens the apothecary's accondt. Teach
tham that one dollar is a hundred cents,
that one only lays up money whose ex
penses are less than his income, and all
grow poor who have to spend more than
they receive. Teach them that a calico
dress paid fur fits better than a silken
one unpaid for: Teach them that a full,
healthy face displays greater lustre than
fifty consumptive beauties. Teach them
to wear strong shoes. Teach them to
purchase, and to see that the account
corresponds with the Imrchase. Teach
them that they ruin God's image by
wearing strong bodices. Teach them
good common sense, self-trust, self- help
and industry. Teach them that an hon
est mechanic in his working dress is a
better object of our esteem than a dozen
haughty, finely 'dressed idlers. Teach
them gardening and the pleasures of na
ture. Teach them, if you can afford it,
music, painting and all other arts, but
consider them secondary objects only.
Teach them that a walk is more salutary
than a ride in a carriage and that wild
flowers are a worthy object of adminis-.
tration. Teach them to reject with dis
dain all appearances and to use only
"yes" or "no" in good earnest. Teach
them that happiness of matrimony de
pends neither;ou external appearances
nor on wealth, but on the man's charac
ter. Have you instructed your daugih
ters iu these particulars and have they
comprehended these principlesT Fearl
lessl3 allow them to marry; they will
make their way through the world.
[Correspondence Pointe Coupee Pelican.]
RECOVERY OF THE BODY OF IIEN
The body of Henry Loper, the mate of
the ill-fated steamer ' Lotus,' was discov
ered by a.colored man, last Tuesday, 16th
inst , while fishing by the bank, near the
Nina plantation. When deceased was
last seen on the burning boat, it was ob
served that h3 had a carpet-bag in his
hands, which was apparently very heavy;
the supposition therefore is that having
taken a death grip upon the bag as he
vwent ynder, it kept him down after he
dro, ned, and it was not until the hand
rotted away that the body was able to
rise to the surface. The corpse, after it
came to the top floated down some few
hundred yards and then became caught
in some briars near the bank, Where it
was found as above stared. Before
touching the body Mir. Pourcian, justice
of the peace, was seht for, a corcner's ju
ry empannelled, and the body was then
brought to the bank by means of a trout
line. It lay face down, with a coating of
about three inches of sand enveloping it.
Upon turning the body over the face and
ears we found to have been eaten. away,
but all parts of the corpse, where the
clothes had covered the same, were in an
apparently naturalcondition. Searching
the clothes of deceased, they found in the
hack pockets of his pants i tooth-brush,
comb and punch for tickets, also a bun
die of deck-passage tickets marked " Lo
tus No. 3." In one of his side poCkets
were two brass keys, and in the other
pocket were a pair of spectacles and a
$5 bill and some other bills too moach
mutilated or rotten to take away. The
collar button and one sleeve button were
on his shirt, and in the vest a massive
gold watch and chain, with locket at
tached, in the locket was a portrait of a
young lady; a heavy string around the
neck further secured the watch and chain.
Deceased, who was well dressed, was
buried at the Nina Plantation, about a
mile below Waterloo, after having been
in the water over four mouths. Mr. Ir
vinet of Bayou Sara, who was mentioned
on the printed reward notices as being
the proper party to apply to in case of
recovery of the body, was promptly noti
ied the same eveuning, and he immediato
ly telegraphed to the relatives of the de
E. E. M.
PROPRIETOR OF WHARF BOAT
GENERAL STEAMBOAT AGENT :
REGULAR N. O. & BAYOU
Tihe Finue Side-Wheel Steamer
J. C. LIBANO ........ MASTER.
J. [. M1O;-OP,......... CLERK.
Leaves New Orleans
Every Wednesday and Saturday at 5 P. .11..
FOR BAYOU ,ARA & COAST LANDINGS
Leaves Ba.yo"u ~ar 9. A.31.
' Waterloo 9k ""
" Hermitage 10 " "
" Port Hickey 11 '" "
S Call;ian 12 MI.
Allen Depot 2 1'. 1.
" Batoll loigeO 3 " `
" laehoine 5.r "
hBayou Glon h " "
" J)n:aldsoII ville " "
Leaves IBayrnl Sar:a - P. .M.
Waterloo 6 " "
itlermitage " "
P" ort Hickey S "" "
Canaan 9 '"
Allen Depot 10 " "
Baton Rouge 7 A. M.
" 'laquenlile )9 "
Bliyou Gonlal l " "
1 P. IIITEMAN,
UNITED STATES MAIL & PASSEN
The suiperb lIassenger
Robert E. Led..
Will leave lBaiyou Sara, on her tpwa:rd
trip, every Ieidlnesilay. Retlurning, will
leave IBayou Sara every Su1nday :lt 7, "a.
in., reaching New Orleausbefire dark the
L. IF. WIHITIEMAN, Agent.
AND DEALER IN
Cor. Principal & Levee Sts., Bayou Sara
AGENT OF TIIE
Sewing Machine Companes,
LEWIS & COMPANY'S
PROPRIETOR OF THE
BAdYOU S.IRR/I WOODVILLE
~~~~ U. mpuo. 3 .
a m Z
0 Z __ 'I 'ti
14 _o -' ý _ _
-0 (b Z
I'l II P . 3' .. \lW I I
1,` 1 aý .mid
o II A __- ýý!
__ epot, 104 PIEADE STREEBT, Now York.
1,eOl aiL ,Gii O l.r.t.ul, . ulIu
PRESCRIPTION FREE !
Mauihoid and all dieurdir.e hrolIgnt et by inil
:FratiOsl r ra" s"s. A u}" flh)tuanis l til" i u:;:'"i -
.he Reedy . thfe 19it felatibt.
TRAlct Barham's infallible
Manufactured by Wise
ltnP Iercall to ure |l.morrholl A
Prle List and bonla de tetlotlait a
> 5::. On.'sr tIl laOest . Naiti,;
No. 12 N. Eighth St.
St. LouIS, Mo.
Who hat gBd greter expetince In the treatment of the
sexual trouble of both male and felalel thani aLy physician
n tile Wea.t, glvee the results of his lona tald sBeua J
practice in hlStwo new wnork., jst pub4shed, entitled
The PHYSIOLOCY OF MARRIAGE
The PRIVATE MEDICAL ADVISER
Books that are reefly uilije and Bs eltrtenuto int all at.
tore pertaining to Manhood and Womanhood. ted supply
alt long lt. they are bfoeaIUlly Illutrated, ald In plain
la.guage, eatily understood. The two booaks embraet45
pages, and contain valuable Infrmoatio forboth nmarriedand
iu:!e, witth he recent ilprovrmenta in medreal treatment
head whatour home aiere say : "The knowvledge imparted
In i. Outta' new wor a is in uo wayof questionnble chaa
acter but i somethi|g that ee l'yone sahold kaow. The
Youth. the victim of early indiaerrton; the an,. otlerwise
perhietly healthy nmayt,sut withwanw n vior in the rimo
of lifet and the Wan, in er
from the many ills her sex I he
to."-St. Louis Journal.
POPRLAR PRICES--60 etr. each
both in onevolume, 1 in crlth an
gilt, ° ectn. extra. Sent under sear
deceiptf priee in money or stamps.
ELDER , CO.,
FIRE 4S" LIFE INS URIAN('E AU LN::.T$,
Represent the following Frist Class
U. S. Branch Liverpool and Illdon and
Globe, a:ssets over .:$3,652,0t0. Plllnters,
of .Jacksoll, Miss., Assets ovecr 520ll),l)llI.
iPho(nix, of Brooklyn, Assets over .2,79"2,
000. Home, of N'ew York, Assets o\ver
$6,104,000. Manhattan, of Newv York, As
sets over $900,000. Hanouver, otf New
York, Asrets over l,(iO0l,O00). New Or
leans his. Asociatioll, cash assets t v(Ir
$525,000. Piedmont tand Arlington Life
Insurance Co., RicAhtiond Vas., $2L,4L90,00.
Also agents for East & West Fcliciana.
Parishes of the Ryt:tl Catadiatu Ins. Co.,
of \lontreal. Capital $1i,000 0010.
Rates Generally lower, titri secnrity
more tangible thant ifn Nnew Orlcanus ht
Correspondence solicited front neigh
boring Counties utl 'arishCes. and :tiny
desired ijtfourtliot otit il. clt'eJally ciq ut'r.
Ve give particular attctionl to the Ie
nlranco of Cihurcheis, Dwellinrgs and
fatrm prolttrty ltr a tern of yea:rs nttl
now offer $1010 policies for 3 years at tihe
low rate of $20. Giu Ihouso Insurance
UVFor further particulars apply to
Elder & Co. Woodlville, Mississippi, or to
JOIIN D. AUSTEN, St.. Francisville, L:a.,
ROBERT S. AUSTIEN, Jackson La.,*
LOUIS NAUMAN, Clinton La.,
pub. Age ts.
SQUARE DEAL SALOON
AND BILLIARD ROOM.
B. T. WHITE, Proprietor.
BAYOU SARA, La.
Ice Cold Aurora Ileer always on Inbaid.
The Bar is constantly supplied with
choicest brands of wines, Liquors and
A sumptuous Free Lunch spread every
Sunday morning. Attached to the es
tablishineut is a Splendid Billiard Table.
all appointments as customary in a first
l01 S. Clark St.,Chicago,
. , tl . .I l.%i iIle i '.fr II!ri .
,IAe 4l414i.. T e ..... ).i Ni
BOERICKE & TAFEL'S
OM cEO PATH
PHARMACY. 130 Canal S
A fu eirok o1 pur mlr.,liableHo
Mnt.,dixcneo, as Weil as Family ) leditlce
nut ho ,k.q iiE111 ,11',114. ;. :ri!Liiii ti n rand
end". f,tr di.cri ptiv. l'ric e Clarr gt
CHILLS FEVERS, DYS
Female Disorders. p,
The Home Bitters C,
Prescribed By Best P
and Sold by Delers ver
Ackniowledged by all to be
Is offered at a lower figure thana
first class Machine in the market.
&_- Bow-aro of BogUs initst
old miachines fixcd over antid Fe
less tl .fu rcgull r 1 ricces
!7ed Send for circular an a
TIE S-TINGE SIASNUFEACTUIRG CO
83l Cnal street
FASHIONABLE BOOT& SlOE
Bnryou Sara, LI