Newspaper Page Text
A DEMOCRATIC PAPER.
OFFICIAL JOURNAL uF WasT FELICIANA
OFFICIAL JOUnNAL CITY OF BAYOU SARA
PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY.
S. LAMBERT... PROPRIETOR
J3 C) T E . .A- t7J I
Eiltor and Business Mannager.
et. Francisville, Sept, 14, 18 8.
FOR STATE TREASURER.
E. A. BURKE,
FOR CONGRESS-(TH DISTRICT.
E. W. ROBERTSON,
OF EAST BATON ROUGE,
IF' We are not responsible for the
statements or opinions of correspond
JOHN PAUL JONES.
Hlow IT WAS BETWEEN TRE "SERAPIS',
AND '"BONHOMME RICIIARD."
AN ENGLISH VERSION OF ONE OF
THE MOST MEMORABLE NAVAL
FIGHTS ON RECORD.
From Frascr's IMagazinie,
rTo better understand the following we
state that the American squadron of Paul
Jones consisted of the Bon IHomene Rich
ard, the Alliance and the Pe'llas (Cap
tain Cottineau). The English convoy to
the fleet of Baltic merchants, -was the,
Serapis and the Gountess of Scarborougl.
About 6 o'clock the two English ships
which had been standing together to
ward the South, tacked, thus crossing
ahead of the American, and keeping be
tween them and the nmerchantmen. It
was a lovely autmn evening and Flain
borough Head, distant barely a league,
was crowded with people, whom the rn
mors of the day had drawn to the neigh
borhood ; as the sun set the full harvest
moon rose and lightened up the scene,
permitting them to see, or to fancy they
saw, the events that were passing off
their coast. About half-past seven the
Bonhbomme Richard was within hail of
the Serapis, to windward but somewhat
on her quater, both ships standing in for
the land on the port tack. The hail was
answered, as it was followed, by a broad
side; the fire seems to have been simul
taneous; and in this way began a fight
which in modern naval history has no
parallel. I will therefore pause a mo.
ment to take an exact view of the oppo
The Pallas, a thirty-two-gun frigate,
mounting, in all probability, nine-pound
ers on her main deck, bore away for the
Contess of Scarbarough, a ship utterly
unable to contend with an oponont. She
did indeed offer a very creditable resis
tance, but after an hour was obliged to
haul down her colors, and the Pallas, oc
cupied for the rest of the time in tak
ing possession of her prize, had no share
in the fight with the Serapis. The Alli
ance is spoken of as of thirty-six guns,
but, being American without any estab.
lishment, it is difliculty'to say what her
armament was. In the English or French
navies thirty-six-gun frigates at that
time carried twelve-pounders on the main
deck; and I should think it most likely
that the Alliance did so too, though it is
of course possible that she had only nine
pounders. I believe that of the squadron
the Alliance was most like a ship-of-war,
had she only been properly commanded ;
but under a man like Landais she proved
of little value. In the early part of the
engagement she is described as sailing at
some di..tance round the Pallas, and the
Contess of Scarborough firing promiscu.
ously at both of them, which, in the dark
while the moon was only yet rising, did
as much harm to friend as to foe; and
she does not seem to have at any time
really engaged the Serapis in support of
her consort, the Bonbommo Richard.
But the force or the Serapis was such
as might be considered not a very une
qual match for the Bonhomme Richard
and the Alliance together. She was of
a class then much esteemed for service in
the narrow seas and smooth water, being
particularly handy by reason of their
shortness. She a 44-gun two-decker; on
her lower deck she mounted 18-pounders,
12-pounders on her main deck. The dou
ble battery and iho heavier guns gaye
her an undoubted superiority over fhe
Bonhomme Richard, two of Whose
makeshift 18-pounders in the gun-mroom
old, worn-out guns-burst at the second
round, killing and wounding a number
of the men, and portly blowing up the
dock overhead. The accident spread a
panic among the ship's company, which
Jones, by personal exertions, was able
tostop; but, lnaturally, no further nt
tempt was made to use the rest of these
But, more even than in aramnnent, the
Scrapis was superior to the Bonlhoiuneo
Richard in rate of sailing and handiness.
She seems to have had it in iher power to
sail around her elnlcloy and to weather on
her at pleasure. Although she began
the action leoward, broadside to broad
side, she presently shot ahead, and cross
ed the Boubomnue Richard's bows, pass
ing to windward, arid raking her as Slho
did, so, I hen back again, again raking
her. The advantage lay entirely with
the Serapis, which ought, beyond a
doubt, to have won an easy victory. Cap
tain Pearson was a brave man and a
good seaman, but he was not equal to
unwonted emergencies ; and when, after
about an hour's engagement, Jouss find
ing the Bonhomme Richard seriously ill
treated by the heaver guns and superior
sailing of the Serphis, resolved to grapple
with her, Pearsons had not the tactical
skill nor the presence of mind to prevent
him or to free his ship.
It may be left an open question by what
maneuver Jones caught the Serapis.
In their official reports Jones said, and
Pearson said, that the Bonhomme Rich
ard, by keeping away from the position
to windward, ran across the bow or the
Serapis; and these were the men in charge
of the two ships at the time. On the
other hand, Dale, who was in commund
of the Bonhomme Richard's main deck,
and could not possibly see what was be
ing done, wrote in a private account that
the Serapis "wore short round on her
heels," and tried to pass astern of the
Bonhomme Richard to take her, and his
statement made in greater detail to Cooper
dsecribed the Serapis as having been
"boxed-hauled," an evolution now prac
tically obsolete, but then in favor among
short ships in smooth water. Except
from a purely technical point of view it
is not of much consequence, but the fact
is certain that the jib-boom of the Sera
pis was caught in the starboard mizzing
rigging of the Bonhoinme Richard ; that
Jones with his own hands, lashed it to
the Bouhomune Richard's mnizzing mast;
that the Serapis' starboard anchor hook
ed the Bonhammo Richard's quarter, and
that the two ships swung together bow
and stern, their starboard sides touching
Persons, hoping that the Bunhomme
Richard might drift apart let go his other
anchor; but he did not know, and was
probably unable to learn, how it was that
the two ships were so closely locked.
They swung together with the tide, set
ting to the northwest, and so con tinued.
In nlumber of mnol the adversaries were
necarly equ:l, but while the lower deck
battery of the Serapis gave her an over
poweriml superiority below, it employed
more nlon, and: left the Bnlhnmnle Rtich
ard with a marked superiority above.
The eighteen -pounders of the Serapis
smashed the lounhonne into chips, and
silenced her main deck guns ; but the
men, thus driven on deck and to the
tops, swept the quarter-deck and fore.
castle of the Serapis with musketry and
hand-grenades, and drove her mlen lie
low. There was some skirnmishing below
through the ports ; some above, across
the netting. but on neither side was
tLere any organized attempt to board.
Meantime the Alliance, which might,
under the existing circtumstances, have
anchored arthwart the stern of the Sera
pis and without danger to herself have
ended the action in a few minutes, con
tented herself with sailing arcnmud the
two ships, firing indisceeminately at ei
ther or both, not only with round shot,
but with grape. Pearson in his report
naturally speaks of the damage he sus
tained from the fire; but American wri
ters maintain that the loss which it in
flicted on the Bonhomme Richard was
much greater; and it seems well estab
lished that the Alliance was worse than
useless, though, of course, Pearsou could
not know that at the time and her
presence had a very positive and dispirit
Still, even under the disadvantageous
circumstances in which the Serapis was
placed, the crushing power of her eigh
teen-pounders against the rotten timbers
of the Bonhomme Richard must, sooner
or later have ended matters in her favor,
had not a single accident, or rather the
union of ingenious daring on one siderond
unpardonable carelessness on the other.
changed the appearance of affairs about
10 o'clock. A seaman of the Bonhomme
Richard had laid out on the main yard,
carrying with him a bucketful of hand
grenades. One of these he succeeded in
throwing down the Serapis' main hatch
way on her lower deck. A number of
cartridges had been placed there in the
rear ot the guns; among these the gren
ade fell. The explosion ran from the
main mast aft, disabled many of the guns
and killed, wounded, or horribly scorched
every man at them. The effect was disas
trous, and for a minute it was debated
whether the Serapis should not surrendcr.
iut on board the Bonbomme Richard
things were as bad. The carpenter came
up ,o Jones and said the ship was sink
ing; the gunner hearing this ran aft to
haul down the flag staff, bit finding that
thie flag staff and flag had already been
shot away, began to bellow, '* Quarter!
God's sake, quarter!" till Jones stopped
his noise by staving in his skull with the
butt end of a pistol. The Master-at-Arms
of the Bolmonme Richard, lhearing the
carpenter's statement :and gunner's out
cry, released the pIrisoners from the hold.
More than 4 hu indred of them rushed on
deck; they might antd should have renhd
ered themselves masters of the ship, or at
least have cinbk 4 thitir frieads of tIhe
Sermpis to do s,,, hut they were bewilder
ed and panic-stricken; Jones, with a
ipresence of uind tl.lltl rn imlpudence Ihat
rises to the simbline, set (Iheni to work ait
thle pumnlps, and at the pumps th'y coai
tinued. Only one amouug them retained
his self-possesion, tand escaping on board
the Serapis through at port, told Captain
Pearson tlhe state the einemy was in. It
was too late to be of rieal nse. Both ships
were in faict, thoroughlly beatet,, anti it
was almost a matter of clhance which
should give in. I believe tile Alliance
decided it. Shite did not assist the Bon
hommo Richard, as she ought to have
udone; her tile had cllaued as muchl damn
age to friend as to foe, ':ut ;.ahe served to
discottrage the SLerapis, and that discour
agement was sufficient to turn the scale.
About half past ten o'clck the Serapls
struck, god was taken possesion of. The
Bonhomme Richard was with difficulty
kept afloat through the night, and sank
about ten o'clock the next forenoon.
There is no trustworthy return of kill d
and wounded; the numbers are said to
have been 200 on board the Serapis, 120
on board the Bonhomme Richard; but
this is little better than a guess, and it is
very probable that they were much lar
ger. The accounts are widely different,
rising to nearly 300 for each ship, and alt
that can be positively said is that, as
compared with the numbers engaged, it
is the bloodiest battle on modern record.
Throughout the action Jones' conduct
as the captain of the ship of war is be
yond all praise. His ship was in every
way very inferior to the Serapis, and
Pearson was a man of known courage
and good repute. I do not think, though
every American writer thinks, thatJones
took the Serapis, not only single-handed,
but against the treasonable assistance of
Landais, in the Alliance that determined
the result. The presence of the Pallas
was also without effect. In this I think
that Pearson's report is agreeable to com
mon sense, untrammeled by natural prej
udice, if indeed, national prejudice has
anything to do with the matter. But,
on the other hand I think that it is impos
sible to overrate the ability, the pluck,
the determination, and the presence of
mind with which Jones fought and won
the battle. The Alliance gave Pearson
an excuse far striking his flag. It was
Jones, Jones alone rather than the Bon
homme Richard, who first beat him to a
The Countess of Scarborough was cap
tured, the Serspis was captured; the
merehantmen valued a; £600,000, escap
ed the Bonhomme Richards was sunk,
and Paul Jones' cruise was.of necessity
ended. Putting the credit or discredit of
tie afhair on one side, the material ad
vantage was held to be in favor of Eng
land, anti the statesmen of the time, the
illustrious trio of the ballad, did not care
to examine too critically into the rest.
Neither did the merchants of London,
whose merchandise was safe. They pre
sented Pearson with a sword of honor;
and the King knighted him. He was a
decent, honest man, and had done lhis
best; but his best was not wlhat ought to
be rewarded. A Government that wishes
its officers to achieve impossibilities
should not reward even the best intend
ed failures. Jou.es' remark on hearing of
it is characteristic and pardonable;
"should I have the good fortune to fill
in with him again, I'll make a Lord of
With the sinking of the Bonhomme
Richlmrd, leaving the conqueror with his
mongrel crew, afloat in the dismatsted
ship, the interest of Jones' career as af
fecting Ei;glish naval history ends.
Jones wished to go to Dunkirk, but his
orders were to put into the Texel, antid
thither his colleagues irsisted onlhis go
lug. The ships lay there for some time,
but as Sir Joseph Yorke,; the English
Minister at the HIague, protested against
their being admitted, asserting that .Jones
was a rebel and a pirate, the prizes flew
Ft-ench colors, and were after:ward
boughlt in, at a low figure, by the French
In this issue appears a communication
signed 'J. B. MeG.' to which we give place
in accordance with our oft expressed de
sire to afford a hearing to every side,
without admitting or in any degree sus
taining any of his positions. This com
munnication contatins somle very positive
and leading accusations, which will no
doubt receive attention frotm gentlemen
of the Democratic-Conservative party,
through our columns in our next issue.
Our columns are open for this purpose.
It is but proper to state that what J. B.
MeG. has written constitutes all we have
heard on the subject.
L Iritten for the Sentinel.
THE DESERTED HOME.
Thie sun is rading, sinking
Far down the purple west,
And mother birds are twitt'ring,
Within thie swaying inest.
Thie whip-poor-W'ill sings softly,
In yonder aged tree,
His evening hIymn of sadudss,
A plaintive melody.
The spring-fedl brook is gnrgling,
Adown tihe beechen glen,
And drer.ry notes float upward.
From out the marish fen.
What fate hath led my footsteps
To childish scenes once more,
What fate hath turned the pages,
Of youth's forgotten lore ?
A hush like Sabbathl stillness
Broodts o'er each deor, old haunt,
Where loud is heard the locust,
Droning his lonely chaunt.
The samne old trees are standingl
Within the garden-bountd,
The moss hath mado themn hoary,
And wrapped their branches round;
Grim guardians of the rein,
They stand in light and shade.
I scarce can think that neath them,
A nmerry child I play'd;
Mlcthlinks thleir sighls are sadder,
As they see me sitting lhere,
The last one of a houtselhtld,
That made these scenes so dear.
The same white clouds float o'er me;
I used to watchl at even,
And think in childish fancy
They were the flocks of heaven,
Or saw in childhood's visions,
The gates of gold and pearl,
That lead into the city
Of Christ's eternal world.
The little plot I planted,
In childhood's happy days.
With crocus and with snowdrops,
Grows now a tangled maze,
The bramble spreads upon it,
The thistle lifts its head
The adder seeks its borders,
The snail its weedy bed.
I walk through silent" chambers,
Or sit beside the door,
To dream of absent faces,
That will return no more.
The sunshine glints the windows,
All cover'd o'er with dust,
The blinds creak on their hinges,
Half eaten by the rust.
Her web the spider weaveth,
Across the blacken'd pane,
And bats fly forth at even,
A dismal dusky train.
The poison-vine is clamb'ring,
O'er lintel, porch and stair,
And on the roof like banners,
The fern waves in the air.
The mouse made bold by silence,
Uncheeked runs through the hall,
And owls blink on the chimneys,
Or to each other call.
My step hath seared the swallow,
From his nest upon th' caves,
IIH seeks a safer haven,
Among the Poplar's leaves.
The well looks dark and gloomy,
'Tis green with moss and slime,
Its curb is slownly crumbling,
Beneath tile touch of time,
The oaken pail lies maol'ring
With its rusty iron chain,
Frotm whirch the links are sever'd
Beside the fallen crane.
And they whose merry laughter,
And tones of joy and mirth,
Once woke these silent echoes,
Have gone from home and hearth.
Two rest beneath the yew trees,
Within the quiet tomb,
Where hyacinths and roses,
Give forth their sweet perfume;
Where birds sing o'er their slumbers,
Where grows the grass beneath,
V' here softest April showers,
Impearl the lily's sheath;
WVhere ebbs and Ilows the moan-light ,
Where gleams the star-lit gein,
Where chiminig bells of Sabblah,
Sing "'lequieni" to thenm.
And one where Mexic waters,
\Wash o'er the pebbly strand,
Where iature flings niigrnudginig,
Her gifts with royal hand;
Where white sails stud the offing,
Beyond the harbor bar,
1'Where enrlews breasit the breakers,
To seek their nest aalatir.
lie rest where planitains tower,
Beside that swelling sea,
VWhere limile and orange blossom,
iLUpon the sunny lea.
Where the waves sweep oni forever
Upon Ilthat distant shore,
And strew the glist'ning shinglo,
With treaurre from their store.
Anid on the field of battle,
One threw his lifi: away.
He deemed it just andt noble,
To perish for the gray.
On Georgia's plin lihe slumbers,
In his uncoflimned grave,
OGod ! guard well the ashas,
Of that gallant soldier brave.
And one, when bells are ringing,
Their vesper call at even,
Within the convent kneeleth,
The sainted bride of heraven.
The yougest and the faircat,
Doth niem'ry stir her heart,
And bring again nnbidden,
That life from hers apart I
Thus time hath brought its changes,
To those who once mue t here,
And hapliest are the sleepers,
The pale, dead ones so dear.
No sorrows now assail them,
No grief hath power to smite,
Tlhy've passed from earthly shadows,
Into supernal light.
Septenmber 14th, 1878.
Dr. Iharter's Elixir o! Wild Cherry acts
as a Tonie, strnrgthing the digestive
powers, restoring the appetite, purifying
the fuiils of tile body, anid neutralizing
in the blood time active prirnciples of dis
ease:o. For sale by all drugists.
ILEAID-QUARTERs DEMOCit TIC RE
ST. FRANCISVIr.LE, LA.,
Sept. 14th 1878.
The nmemnlrs º of the 1st ward Demo
cratic Rlef.rm Cilub, of ht. Francisvillo'
are reqlesterl to meuet a+ Social Hall, on
\edemsdmlay the 1Sth Sept., 1878, at 7:30
p. tm., for the plrpose of re-organizing,
and other importnut business.
C. L. FISIER, President.
J. 1. AUSTEN, Secretary.
RAIl, RAO.D NOTICE !
THIE Trnin on the WV. F. R. Road will
hot run till further notice.
J. BURIUSS 1lcGEHEE,
ept . re. W. F. R. R. C"
I will offer for sale at the .ourt House
door, to the highest bidder, on
Saturday September 14th, 1878,
at 11 a. m., the following moutioned ani
mals to-wit :
ONE COW AND CALF,
being the samue taken tip on the 15th day
of November, and advertised in the oih
cial journal by L. Sanders Austen, J. P.,
5th ward, in conformity with law.
sopt7 78. Parish Ranger.
W31. It. IAILE. N. P. PHIILLIPS
HAILE & PHILLIPS,
NEW TEXAS LANDING, LOUISIANA
Cutlery, Tin and Hollow Ware,
Drugs and Medicines, Paints,
Oils, Dye Stufts, Perfumery,
Soaps, Hats, Shoes, Boots,
I'-Special attention to Physicians'
This Institution will open on the
16th day of September 1878.
Sevrcty-six pupils have been en rolled
the past year. A faculty of ,ttven expe
rienced teache.Is have rendered this one 1
of the ,est schools inl the south weit.
Tuition and Board, (including washing)
per term twrent werk-s, in Collegiate l) e
partnlent ~l107; in l'rimnary Department
$101.. Send for catalogmr.
MISS M. McCALMONT,
MRS. L. V. SCI-IWING,
rI'lilcipal of Music.
AFTON VILLA, WEST FELICIANA
Thle twenity.ninlhI sessioni "f this Iisti
11inioni will uommilince on 3ulay, Np
timbltr IGth, witlh a full :d able corlps
iofexpr el'licelc l teilhers.
PI'lls will have l ha llntit of thor.
oniigl i llaln cacfiil iinstrlcltioni ill a co1,ifrti
LI ab lle oe.
For I nr her informationll aiddress
MRS. V. Z. IOWELL, Principal.
Stoilen. on the, night o+ the .1th init..
"l bay mare, iatllt 1-1. h:ills high, eel
,' ar.i ark. oin lht'( shill hit., no whit,
abi , ti ihor. ! i lo r" 11) to l urti',s 411 . sh lrt.
h \avy taili, rlcksa an p:ii o. wvll, pi; , ,i
te | aid a ri l tr -;.ilshol on froiht fist div :
high wit heros; hai;s siilldh in:airks. I ail!
pity the abl ve r'warld tiolt Iho ilpliirthle
-4011 of thile I it ii:l let u n ii it ih aiii l.
I ` Y W ' . 1ii ) i -:,)
l'Iat. Mar 1., 1 .7-. Only fIl,00 Eali,.
The chleapest, most dulrable ailid clli
ciellt Press ever collstrulctel. Adapted
to either lland, Horse or Steam Power
For particulars, address.
A. J. BUSSEY,
Southern Standard Press Co.,
Latest Iupirsov-ed Anid B est
FAMILY EWi[Nxi MAC'HIN E.
The PHIIILAD)ELPIIIA has all the latestcl
inmllp'rovenlllts, alld is illade of the very
best rniIlerizLls, iusing L i0log, largo, e(lsils
threadeHd shllttle. I II. wollrd, it is TIII:
Sewing Machiine fir F'ailily 11s5.
,Large, Strollng alid Light rnilllillg.
Foilly warranted ill every luarlticllali
anld retails for
aiild upwards. Address,
Philadelplhit Sewilig Machi ii .,
I14 N. Seveilth sI.
MAX FISCIItER. AUGUST
S. I'. Corner of Front &
1dAYOU S4R4, L
H AVE CONSTANTLY in store
It. prices conformable wlv
times, full anti complete lines of
goods, Ladies 1)ress Goods, llo-s
er's articles, and a general absorti
Jfncy and staple dry goods:
Mulls, Piques, Risi,h
op Iawn", Linen Lam
I)re a Linens, Moi
Percales, Irish Lin
ens, Bobbinct Bare
Laces and Curta
las, assorted styles
and qualities. Cali
cos, Bleached CotllOnl
Clhildre ns C(assi
Jeans. Denims, Tick
- ings by thn yard or ieet
We invite an inspection of our
assortment of Ladies, Childrens,
and Boys Hosiery, and Kid Glove;
Thread, Gauntlets, Tics, Iibboni
hroideries Laces, Ruchings, Corse
dies Ready-made Under Wear, etc
funmery, Toilet, Articles, and notiol
ife have ont hand also, a fresh at
selected° stock of Clothing, Boots,
ilats and Caps and a general assol
of gentlemenl tnder-wear and flrt
Dealers in Faucy and Staple gro
PIrovisions, western Pratduceo
i'lautation Supplies . giits
the renownedtt, Singer Se.wing
Mahline andi its variopt
att t al "h int.t t
SJ'I('I. I L VuO 7ICE.-We are tha
ers of the ofllltstaluling c:lils lllland i
edncssc. tine to the latie firm of
Fischer . C'o.
'Theu Citizens ',f East Felieiana,
('ur.. : \\'and Wilkinson Counity,
\ill lindl it. to their intere.st and n
agte to oL.ttn uptit a tratde with Its.
4iters fromt abrotad ,r, tpt lv, atnd cal
i' I lighest tmarket price paid f