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Feliciana sentinel. (St. Francisville, La.) 1877-1892, June 04, 1892, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn88064555/1892-06-04/ed-1/seq-1/

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.THE FECIANA SENTINE
OFFICIAL OR'AN OF WEST FELICIANA FAlISb , THE IOARED OF EDUCATION AND THE CIT! oF BAYOU SARA.
VOL. XVI. ST, FRANCISVILLE1 LA.,-P. O. BAYOU SARA-SATURDAY, JUNE 4, 1892.
AN OLD MAN'S DREAMS.
eae where bright fortune's smile is es
And shines around me every luxury,
A grayhound on the Turkish rug is dreaming.
Great works of art upon the walls I 1;
But yet while o'er these rarities I ponder,
And smoke my pipe, I quite forget the charm:
)Iy thoughts as lightly as the smoke-wreaths
wander
Away unto my boyhood on the farm.
Here. I have volumes in that case of cedar.
Their gilded pages interest me not
One-tenth as much as did the old Fourth Reader
I used to sean beneath the apricot.
Here, if I quaff a fragrant aip of sherry,
It only makes my rosy fancy wlng
Hack to the hedge where I. a schoolboy merry,
Drank from the bosom of the wayside spring.
Here oft I sit by poverty untorture.l,
Here oft I paces without a care or frown,
And dream about that quiet, shady orchard
Where oft I shook the golden pippins down;
WVhere oft the plow I steered with lazy paces,
Or ate the ginger;cake I still adore,
And think about the deer, smilebhaloed faees
Faces, alans that I shall see no more.
Yes. In the smoke I see a lovely vision
A dainty landscape stretching far away;
A snowy cot, vine-screened, in fields elysian.
And, at the door, a dear one, bent and gray.
Ahl all the show of wealth about mee beaming
Has not for me the sweet and subtle charm
I feel when with my pipe I'm idly dreaming
About my boyhood on the happy farm.
-R. KL rfunkittrick, In N. Y. Ledger.
TAKEN BY SURPRISE.
An Elephant Hunter's Perilous Ad
venture in India.
Many of the British officers of the
sepoy regiments are mighty nimrods,
and some of the most exciting and hair
breadth escapes by field and flood have
been among their experiences. Some
years ago, among the officers of a regi
ment of the Ioyal ltengal infantry, was
Maj. Stevenson; a bluff old Scotchman
who paid equal attention to Alsops' or
Hass' bottled ale and the pursuit of the
mighty game, with which lBritish Bur
mah, where he was then stationed,
abounded. And. although his devotion
to the bottle had rendered him corpu
lent almost to obesity, he still delighted
as much as ever in hunting, and his
hand was as firm, his aim as true, as
in his best days. One bright cool
morning in the month of February, the
most perfect month in all the Burmese
year, the old major was encamped on
the banks of a small tributary of the
great Sitang river, whither he had
journeyed by boat on one of his numer
ols hunting trips. For some reason
his ilindoo cook was slower than usual
in preparing the major's rice and curry,
and after giving the lazy fellow a genu
ine Scotch blessing, the major con
cluded to take a light rifle and see if he
could not pick up a jungle fowl for din
ner while his breacl fast was cooking.
Ills c:amp was under a huge b:anyan
tree, which formed part of the fringe of
jungle, extending for a few ro.s in
width along either side of the little
stream that has been mentioned. Be
yond this fringe the broad rice or "pad
dy" fields stretched away, level as a
floor, to a steep range of hills several
miles distant. 'l'Th, rice had all been
harvesteid and the plains were bare,
save where numerous clumps of the
elephant bamboo were dotted over the
surface. These giant bamboos are a
foot or more in diameter at the base,
and frequently t'lwer to a height of
more than one hundred feet, and as
they grow in compact groves, so close
together as to be impenetrable to any
thing larger than a bird or a snake, and
covering but, a limited circle of ground,
they resemble at a distance gigantic
shocks of grain, exc-ept that they are
crowned with great masses of the quiv
ering bamboo foliage with which Japa
nese art has made us familiar.
The major skirted along the outer
edge of the jnngle for quite a distance
without hearing or seeing anything in
the shape of game, and was about re
tracing his steps to his camp, when he
heard, at a short distance ahead, the
crow of a jungle cock and immediately
made all haste toward the sound.
Now, be it known that the major's
hunting ground was one of the most
frequented haunts in all Burmah for
wild elephants. Indeed, it was a
knowledge of this fact that had made
our doughty nimrod choose this partic
ular region for his present excursion,
and it was his purpose to make search
for this royal game as soon as his
breakfast was dispatched. But when
the major hunted elephants he carried
a heavy Westly lichards, throwing an
ounce ball of hardened lead, and he had
trailers and native hunters to assist
him. The little rifle, now in his hand,
was a mere popgun compared to his
great "elephant gun," and carried per
haps sixty or seventy to the pound.
Intent on getting a sh ot at the jungle
fowl, the major hastened along and had
almost reached the spot where
in his mind he had decided that he
would sight the still crowing jungle
cock, when to his great disgust he
found his track crossed by a deep nut
lah or ravine cut into the soft soil by
the flood during the rainy season.
Cursing his luck he searched along the
edge of the ravine for a short distance
until he found a spot where, with in
finite effort andi loss of breath, he man
aged to lower himself into the nullah
on one side and raise himself to the
level of the plain beyond.
As he straightened himself up, mop
ping the perspiration from his flushed
face, he heard a slight noise, appar
ently proceeding from a clump of bam
boo close by, and, turning to see what
caused it, found himself face to face
with one of the largest bull elephants
he had ever seen. The bull evidently
meant business, for, with trunk ele
vated and whistling like a locomotive,
he instantly charged the astonished ma
jor. There was no chance to retreat, or
time to think what was best to be done;
but, more by force of instinct than rea
son, the major threw his little rifle to
his shoulder and pulled the trigger, fir
ing square into the face of the enraged
brute now fairly towering above him.
'Iring that shot was the last con
scious act of the major's for some time.
His cook had the breakfast ready, and
'had grown as cross as the major him
self as he saw the food being spoilt by
gettlng cold. The native trackers and
hunters had gathered, and were wait'
Ir Lmpatiently for tbe asaor'e retuA
so that they could begin the day's hunt,
but still the major did not appear. At
last his men became alarmed at his con
tinued absence, and set out to find him. I
It was an easy matter for the practiced
trailers to follow the major's track, and
in a short time they turned an angle of
the jungle, and maw a sight that fairly
frose the blood It their veils and for a
moment rendered them, old hunters as
they were, motionless and speechless. '
There before them, of the further
bank of the nullah, which they had
now reached, lay the major, flat on his
back, with his head hanging over the
sharp edge of the ravine, with his eyes
closed and the blood oosing from his
nostrils, to all appearances dead; while
immediately above him, with one huge
tusk thrust far into the ground on
either side, directly under the arms of
the unfortunate hunter, and with a
great knee pressing close against the
major's ribs on each of his fat sides,
was what seemed tothe horror-stricken
natives the largest elephant in all lur
mah, evidently as dead as elephants
ever get to be. In the very center of
the huge forehead was the little hole
made by the major's bullet, and a
stream ,pf dark blood trickled slowly
down on to the prostrate form held in
such a tight grip beneath.
The, natives quickly recovered their
wits and went actively to work to re
move the dead body of their master
from its terrible position. This was no
small task, for the danger was great
that if they dug the bank of the nallah
away the ponderous carcass above
would topple over and crush the body
out of all semblance to humanity.
However, they began carefully loosen
ing the soil under their master's shoul
ders, first cutting several heavy props
and "shoring up" the elephant with
them as best they could. As they loos
ened the terrible pinch which the con
verging tusks had on the major's lungs
the faithful fellows were overjoyed to
hear a long groan proceed from his lips,
and redoubled their efforts for his re
lease. It was a difficult job, but they
successfully executed it, and, making a
litter of bamboo poles, they carried the
still unconscious major back to his
camp, leaving two coolies to chop out
the magnificent pair of tusks of the ele
phant.
It was many a day before the gallant
major was able to indulge his taste for
field sports again. Three or four of his
ribs had been broken by the terrible
vise in which they had been held. His
right arm was fractured, and various
minor hurts rendered his recovery slow.
However, he ultimately took the field
again, and lived to lay low many a lord
ly elephant and prowling tiger before
time gathered him to his fathers; and
to his latest day he kept the pair of
great tusks that had so nearly caused
his death, and told the story of the
closest shave, probably, that ever ele
phant hunter passed through and lived
to tell about.-St. Louis Globe-Demo
crat.
DEATH RODE IN THE WAGON.
An Incident of the Shotgun Quarantine in
Texas.
With a red, hazy shimmer the west
ern prairie seethed and quivered in the
heat of the late summer sun. Tired
birds with dusty wings panted beside
the sandy beds of dead rivers, thirst
crazed cattle pawed weakly at the roots
of dying cottonwoods-and the brazen
sun glared over tile desert.
A covered wagon drawn by two oxen
slowly clanked along the road. A fiery
eyed man with sunken cheeks and bony
fingers sat at the front driving. An
emaciated woman, wan and ghastly, lay
within, her eyes resting upon him, her
hands feebly caressing a babe. Behind
her, their bare, bony limbs crossed in
the last death struggle, lay two other
children-a girl of perhaps fifteen and
a boy a year younger. As the wagon
crushed across a sandbed in the run of
a winter stream, a board nailed to a
cottonwood on the bank caught the
woman's gaze, but her dim, glazed eyes
could not decipher the words it bore.
She glanced toward her husband.
"Thirteen miles," he groaned.
"To-night?" she whispered.
"Yes, Lucy," he said. and, bending
tenderly, kissed her.
For even these dying outcasts of the
desert could kiss each other. Grim
death rode with them, his yello3v-fever
hue rested upon their parched skins,
but love was also there-stronger even
than death.
And slowly the plague craft trundled
onward toward the nearest town, where
the man and woman hoped to obtain
water and medical assistance. She, for
the baby; he, for her.
It was dark when they came within
sight of the town, and he, knowing the
way, drove directly for the public well.
"Halt!" cried a voice. "Are you
from Brownsville?"
But the hollow-eyed, specter-like
driver heeded not.
"This is quarantine," said the voice,
and a gunlock clicked ominously in the
soft, hot night air. "Halt or I'll firel"
But the specter-like driver heeded not.
Two fierce flashes pierced the dark
ness and the weary oxen started for
ward as the succeeding reports boomed
heavily across the plains.
The scent of water was in their nos
trils and soon they were quaffing deeply
from the trough beside the public well.
A.d the gaunt driver neither moved nor
spoke. The woman was silent
The weary oxen trudged on beyond
the town, and sunrise found them plod.
ding onward.
All day the western prairie seethed
and quivered in the red, hazy glare of
the late summer sun, and the plague
wagon with its load of dead crept on
ward. Great droning flies crawled
about the faces of the silent voyagers,
and dusty-winged vultures hovered
above. One gaunt, red-beaked old fel
low for a time rode on the seat beside
the specter-driver, then, growing bold
er, plunged back into the depths of the
wagon.
And the heavy wagon slowly elsaked
and creaked along the road.-Chicago
Tribune, _
Somsthlag to Spend.
Flomsle - Di-d your mother give you
·anything to spend9
Besmaioe-Yes, she said I might some
uad spmea the del.Yankeen Blade
PREVAILING STYLES.
3etes on the Curret Modes a Womra's
Wear.
The narrow passementerles and jetted
bead trimmings in color are more in fa
vor than ever before. The most desira
ble of these are not morethan aneighth
of an inch wide, and are used to give an
Iridescent sparkle to the edge of folds,
or like heavy braid are used in succes
ive tows one after another, across the
basque or tround the lower part of the
sleeve to the elboW,
Where silk or satin is used inl combi.
nation with wool it is no longer used
for the entire sleeve, but for the full
upper partwalone. Girdles are univers
ally worn, and a season of buckles may
confldently be predicted for the coming
summer. Old chased sliver buckles, in
rococo designs, are in special demand.
These are not over two and a half
inches long. The new girdles are
wound around the bodice in elaborate
fashion. They are usually pointed in
front below the waist line, extended to
the side seams, covering the edge of the
bodice, and thence straight up to the
middle of the back, whence they fall in
a profusion of long loops and ends in
what is known as the "Watteau bow."
A very dainty dress of white India silk,
figured all over in a medley of Persian
tints in which the new Watteau green
was introduced, was trimmed with
ecru Brussels net and edged with point
d'Gene lace and Watteau green satin
ribbon. The seamless bodice was high
at the throat. A deep collarette of
lBrussels net and Genoa point fell over
the shoulders, while the neck was
finished by a close collar of green satin
ribbon. The full sleeves, which fell off
the shoulders in soft folds, were of
India silk, and extended nearly to the
elbow, where they were finished by a
band of satin ribbon and transparent
undersleeves of Brussels net and Genoa
lace. The bodice was finished with a
pointed girdle of pale green ribbon,
which was extended up to the center of
the back under the edge of the lace cob
larette. whence it fell in a long looped
Watteau bow low on the back of the
skirt. There was a fiat trimming of
lace in the form of a point at the back
of this bodice, which was outlined by
this girdle of ribbon. The plain hell
skirt was simply edged with two over
lapping ruffles, cut on. the bias, and set
on with a double heading anda narrow
box-pleating of green satin ribbon.
Rainbow ribbons of white moir.-.
striped with satin stripes in delicate col
ors, are used for girdles and Watteau
bows on other dresses. The Watteau
bows made up and ready to be put on
the dress are sold at all the large ribbon
counters. The favorite width of ribbon
for this purpose is about four inches
wide. and an iridescent moire ribbon is
a favorite choice. Watteaun bows and
girdles of white moire ribbon, tinted
nacre. will be used on commencement
dresses, which are already being made
up for fair girl graduates of June.
We are on the eve of a decided change
In bodices. The shoulder seams are
growing longer.while the sleeves,which
remain full, are no longer raised on the
shoulder, but are pleated to fall soft
and flat. exactly as they are represent
ed in the old portraits of two or three
generations ago. The sleeves of elabor
ate dresses, which are combined with
silk. crepe or lace. are made in full ef
fect of this material as far as the elbow.
or to several inches above it. The rest
of the sleeve is of the dress material,
and fits the contour of the arm: or is in
some cases slightly wrinkled over it.
The new sleeves are not as long as those
of last season. The sleeve no longer
falls over the hand.
All bodices are high and close at the
throat. The whole-back waist. that is,
the bodice fitted without any seam at
the back, is quite generally shown. It
is becoming only to women of very
slight figure. The bodice with a full
number of seams is' seldom seen, and
the majority are fitted with a whole
back and full fronts so that the shoul
der seams and those under the arms are
all that are visible on the outside. The
lining of these dresses, however, is al
ways fitted with the regulation num
ber of seams. Bodices made with the
whole back are made over a lining with
a seam directly in the middle of the
back and side seams, and the outside
cloth is stretched on the bias to make
it fit without a seam over this lining.
In some cases the bodice has the French
back, where the seam in the center of
the back shows on the outside: but the
side seams are omitted.-N. Y. Trib
une.
The Season's Offerlng of Fans.
Fans have been fluttering in women's
hands for so many centuries that it.
seenms almost incredible that each
season should bring forth a distinct
novelty in these dainty articles. But
manufacturers have a fashion of rising
to occasions. and the fans this spring
bear witness to their fertility of re
source. Plretty gauze fans show an
applique of smaller silk fans exquisite
ly painted, sometimes with flowers.
sometinmes with birds. the coloring
always effective. Spangled butterflie
in silk have also been applied to ganuzea.
and a new form of silk has Iwen placed
on crape and interspersed with an ap
plique of lace. ,Some of the ribs are
now made half of feathers and halfof
silk which is frayed out at the edges.
An old fashion has been revived, that
of a fan which in one direction opens
in natural fashion, in the other appears
to fall to pieces. Painted satin fans are
coming in again, and many of the ivory
and bone frames are copies of the Louis
XV period. IDouble crape and single
gauze and close ribs are mingled. and
some of the frameworks are heavy and
elaborately carved. White ganze. black
gauze and black lace are intermingled,
and silver and gold lace applied to
ganze displays graceful figures ren
dered in the same fashion or else
painted. Hand painted fans are more
beautiful than they have ever been.
Chicago Tribune.
Snresing.
'"I am told there is a lRussian prince in
town. Why doesn't society take him
up?"
"Too dangerous. I know of three
people who caught the grip hy simply
mentioning hiti name. --Judgr.
IN THE ELECTRICAL WORLD. t
--llectelity, in its various forms of
appleition, is said to give employment
to five million persons,
-It is now generally held by eleetri i
clans that the principle of the aurora
borealis is the same as that shown by I
the Gelssler tube, in which electricity I
is discharged through rarified air.
-A recent implovement in incandes
cept lamp sockets for use in dye houses,
bleacherles and damp places has been
invented, which, it is claimed, can be C
used in steam or under water with pet.
feet success.
-According to the recent report of I
the Massachusetts gas and electric light
commission, only five person were in- 1
jured by electricity from electric wires t
in that state during the year 1891, and =
but one of these fatally. Thirty are
put down as havling been injured by ii- 1
luminating gas, sixteen of whom died.
including two aMloldes,
-At a s ho' lodge In the Scotch t
highlands Is $' electric fnitallatiorn
operated by a brook, from which a
column of water descends in a pipe six
hundred feet to a turbine Ptnning a
dynamo. Electric current is obtained
sufficient to run 292 lamps and a large
number of electric stoves for drying the
cellars and warming the rooms.
-An electrical firing mechanism for I
Gatling guns was recently tested by
United States naval officers. The etec I
trical apparatus was attached to the
barrel of the gun so as to move with it, I
while it was so disposed of as not to in
terfere with thq elevation and depres
sion of the gun. Iy the use of the -lec- I
trical apparatu the gun is fired auto
matically at a rte of speed, for a piece
of ten barrels, 1,500 discharges per'
minute and up .
-A field asmit wholly undeveloped,
notes the New York World. seems to be
that covering the introduction of elec
tric-heating devices in places where
comparatively small amounts of heat
are needed. Wlhnever fire can not be
conveniently handled, or where a uni
form source of heat that can be readily
controlled is needed, such devices ought
to find a ready sale. Their comparative
economy would seem to be pretty well
attested by the fact that they have al
ready been adopted by many of the pro*
prietors of the so-called "sweat shops"
for use in connection with flatirons for
pressing clothing.
-The true nature and cause of the
aurora is not well understood. It is un
doubtedly a manifestation of some form
of electric energy, and, apparently, is
influenced by the physical condition of
the sun, but beyond this we know very
little. Its occurrence is said to indicate
a change in the weather, but no such
influence has ever been observed. Be
yond interfering occasionally with the
tranrn sion of 'telegraphic messages,
we have no reason to believe that the
aurora has any influence upon the
earth and its inhabitants either for
good or evil. We are now approaching
one of the periods of greatest activity,
and during the next year or two may
expect the frequent occurrence of au
roras of unusual brilliancy.
-Electric lighting on a commercial
scale dates from April, 1IS2. About
5.000.000 incandescent lamps are now in
use in the United States. and are light
ing also has made great progress. The
electric lighting of railways trains has
become frequent. The first practical
electric railway in this country began
operations in Chlveland six years ago.
Now 32-0 electric railways are running
in the United States. embracing 2,024
miles of track, and ::1830 motor cars,
with 174.435 horse-power. These rail
ways represent a value of over $40,000,
000 in a total of 1aJ64,000,000 for all our
street railways. The Review states
that the average cost per car mile of
horse railroads is e.7, of cable 2.5, of
electric '.2, and of steam 5 ccnts.-To
ledo Blade.
"WHO DID WHAT?"
The Story of a enmark That Itecatne a ly
word.
Innocent gossip with no malice in it
has often a charm for the best of peo
ple, as indeed why should it not? The
person who takes little interest in the
loves and hates. fortunes and misfor
tunes of his neighbors is far more likely
to be the possessor of a cold heart than
of a superior mind: but there is such a
thing as being too inquisitive.
In the days when our grandmothers
were girls there came occasionally into
the family of a good deacon with nine
children a village dressmaker of the
kind immortalized lby Mrs. Stowe in
"The Minister's Wooing."
She was neither as delightful nor as
daring as Miss Plrissy,. but she had all of
that good woman's interest in other
people's affairs, and always looked for
ward with particular pleasuret to the
week during which she cut and titted
for the deacon's girls. knowing that his
house was in somne sort a social center,
where she was likely to he ar plenty of
fresh news and entertaining anecdotes.
(Ine day she arrived late for her woirk,
and as she entered tht" house caught a
glimpse of the six daiughters already ias
sembled in the family .itting-room with
their gowns and patterns. their wi rk
h~xes and their new roll of "Injy Illls
lin. '
Iut none of them were at eurk. for
one was tclling the others a story- of
such absorbing interest that they sat
breathless and spellbound. with hands
fallen in their laps or needles suspended
in the air.
T'he sight was too much for the
new-comer. With one mitt on and one
off. her unfastened pelisse ldra-gging
from her shoulders. h'r Inmncet aiskw
and it. loo.sened strings streaming. she
appeared luddenly among the astonish
ed girls, crying as she came:
"What? What? What is it? WIho
did what?'"
She was answered, although giving a
full answer involved the re-telling of
the whole story, hut her comprehensive
inquiry became thereafter a family by
.orid.
Among the dnecon's dlescendnnts to
this day if one shiws signt, of to, great
inquisitiveness, it is sutHCient for anlly
other imebler of the fatmily to ask. with
a lift of time eyebrou:
"'Who dil wht."----Youth s Coialnao
USEFUL AND SUGOESTIVL.
-When a pudd g Js boiled in a mold,
-ake it from the water and plunge it
Immediately into cold water, then turn
it out immediately; this will prevent it
from sticking.
-A clean paste may be made of two
parts gum tragaeanth and one part
powdered gum arable. Cover with cold
water until dissolved, then redunee to
the desired consistency with the same.
To prevent souring add a few drops of
carbolic acid.
-Beefsteak Pie.-Cut a pound and a
half of beefsteak into small pieces, and
put with it half a cup of water, three
tablespoonfuls of catsup, three hard
boiled eggs cut in pieces, a pint of oy
sters, salt, pepper and nutmeg. Butter
a baking-dish, fill it with this, cover
with a rather rich biscuit dough, and
hake to a good brown.-Household L
Monthly.
-A very simple and appetizing lunch
dish is old-fashioned "mush," made
with freshly ground Indian meal, either
yellow or white, as preferred, and
salted to taste. This should be poured
about an inch thick into a pan, allowed
to cool: then cut in square or long
sliens, dipped in beaten egg and cooked
in plenty of boiling fat. Eat with
sirup or soft sugar and lemon, or serve
as a veget;ble.-N. Y. Times.
-Chocolate..-Never make chocolate
in a coffee or tea pot. or in an ordinary
sautce pant In the former it will have
an unpleatant flavor, and in the latter
will be liable to scorch. To make choc
olate, put four ounces Into the chocolate
pot and stand over the fire to melt.
When melted. add one quart of new
milk slightly heated,'an4 two table
spoonfuls of sugar. Let boil five min
utes. then beat with an egg-beater un
til creamy. Serve with cream.-Homne.
To Clean Old Oil Paintings.-Hlow
she shall clean an old oil painting that
is covered with dirt and fly specks is
what one reader asks. Wipe all the
dust from the painting with a soft silk
cloth, Put a little linseed oil in a
saucer, and, dipping a finger in the oil,
rub the painting gently. It will require
time and patience, but the effect will
repay you. Artists say that in clean
ing a painting nothing but the fingers,
dipped in oil or water, shbthld be used.
-Ladies Home Journal.
--Cooking Dried Fruits.-Every one
does not know how to cook dried fruits
properly. This is oftentimes the reason
why more people do not like them.
Prunes and apricots are delicious, if
prepared in the right way. They should
be washed and soaked in cold water for
twenty-four hours: then the kettle with
its contents should be placed on the
stove and heated to the boiling point.
Let this simmer for three or four hours,
not adding the sugar until a half-hour
before the fruit is taken up. It will be
almost jellied, and when served with
cream it makes a delicious desert.
Food.
Havana Soup.-Grate one cocoanut
and simmer it in one quart of veal stock
for half an hour. (Veal stock is made
by simmering two pounds of veal bones
in two quarts of cold water until re
duced one-half, then strained.) Strain
the stock to remove the cocoanut, and
add to the liquor one pint of cream.
heat again, and when boiling add one
heaping tablespoon corn starch mixed
smoothly with one tablespoon of hot
butter. Season with salt and white
pepper. Beat the yolks of two eggs.
add one cup of the broth, pour into the
tureen, turn in the boiling broth, and
mix well. Serve with boiled rice.
Boston Budget.
LAKE LEVELS.
Variation. (Cansed Entirely by the Differ.
ences by Rainfalls.
The variations in the levels of the
great lakes have been the subject of
study for many years past and various
theories have been advanced to account
for them. Thirty years ago all avail
able data regarding the fluctuations
were compiled. showing the more inn
portent changes in the lower lakes te
twecn 18:88 and 18.7. with a few facts
as to the exceptional phenomena in
earlier years. In 1859. the United States
engineers began systematic gauge-read
ings and the work is still continued.
The highest known level occurred in
18:5. when 'Michigan and Huron rose
twe'bty-six inches above ordinary high
stage and Erie and Ontario eighteen
inches. The lowest level was in slaP,
when Erie fell about three and a half
feet below its usual plane. The fluctu
ations, apart from those which are an
nual and those caused by the winds., are
of periodical occurrence and aret char
ncterized Iby a remarkable approach to
regularity. Since the highest waters in
Ils:t there have heen alternate periods
of descension and ascension of the. lev
els, either five, seven or eight years in
length. the even-year period being the
most frequent.
.\s we have said. various theories
have been advanced to a(cmoulnlt for these
chlanges. 'ile winds, of course, cause
temporary and local fluctuations. Erie,
the shallowest of the lakes. has been
known to have its level raised seven or
eight feet at one end and equally de
pressed at the other by a gale blowing
east or west for several days. Irregn
larities and variations of atmospheric
pressure also cause changes of level and
there are tides on the lakes as well as
on the ocean, the highest known spring
tide rising about three inches. Sun
spot influences, too, have been assigned
as a cause of the fluctuations.
It seems. however, to be well estab
liehed that t.ho periodical and general
fluctuations are due to the variations in
rainfall. The curves showing the secn
lar variations of lake level approximates.
beso closely to those of rainfall as to show
conclusively that the rise and
fall of the lakes by periods
of years are dependent on the cycles
of rainy and dry years which
similarly coincide with the curves show
ing temperature t-cles. A succession
of wet yearts produces exceptionally
high w5ater, a suctession of dry years
-xtrem,13"l low- wat. r. There is a limtnit,
hossver,v to) such cuanulative effects, for
when the water i., high lif outflow is
more rapid than 's-en it is iat" and an
automalti cheek is rha psa'idd.-'To
r,,no, TlaiL "
JOSEPH L. COLSAN.
Attorney at- Jrw
_A.'t_ the C eous oWoed r
or ranxmann L |.
R. C. WICKLIFFE,
Attorney at Law,
9r. nRaeIasILLIn LA.
W lll ne eCutte Iof West Im 3m!
I uPote (*ouP. a* d JeIniW np .
J. T HOWELL,
Attorney and Conselor at La
Wll rIttO fI the Coart of the ntl J_
S. M'C. LAWRASON,
Attirncyand Counselor at Law
DAYOd IRAM. LA.
Will peetllee In the parishes of Weeo mini
iat FeIulae. Felnt Cogee and aIjolnflI
Valmsbes.
FARRAR & MOITWOMERY,
Attorney.s at Law
ROBERT MONTGOM ERY.
Notary :-: Public,
Poetoflce. RAYOU SARA. LA.
S PRItSICIA'I.
A. F. BARROW, M.D.,
Physician and Surgeon
P. 0., Bayou Sara, La.
Residence: Highland Plantatlos.
J. W. LEA, M.D.,
Physician and Surgeon,
JACKSON, LA.
Residence at Mrs. Vest's, Ninth Ward,
West Feliciana.
W. H. TAYLOR,
BT. FRANCISVILL3. LA
Office: At residence.
DR. JAB. KILBOURNE,
Physician and Surgeon,
CLINTON, LA.
Ofices t residence.
E. C. icKOWEN,
Physician and Surgeon,
JACKSON. TA.
Oile at reSldence of .Toe ones.
Teleohone oalls promptly rsponded ter
DR. JAS. LEAKE,
Physician and Surgeon,
ST. FRANCS(VILLE, LA.
Office ti Lnke IUnldtng.
DR. CHAS. F. HOWELL,
Physician and Surgeon,
LAUREL. nILTL. LA
Offers bhIs prote'feinsIl ervlees to all need
ea medlioal aid withiu the parish.
THBUPASS NOIC SCS.
F ROM AND AFTER THIS DATR ALL,
ShOOt Ing onthe A ngo'. lel'erie. loAlne
sod t.nke he:lstney rlantl.tons Ils thls I'lari
w.ill e onhidere<l trenntsalltrl. and a:lton
tenders prosecuted thtorufir. 1. L. JAMI.I.
IAIDM AND AFI'ER Tills IitATE ltl.l1
Shulntiig of nos kind, e:ther with r."t. log
or gun. ot itiler the Lotil in or Ii own ('t
ner pinntnttlnn. ill thi 'Rarin.r wle It e con
tder'ni ron·enting. old vl.,Iatrorr will et.
prone. Ute tl to fulllst eXrtl.n olr the L;ow.
('IIEý'in'iN FtiIT.KTA .. Agent.
SINTTIIT t- HNY KINIt t NTIIT iitF:N
TI wOtl ll anlttili. In thit pirinh. lllh lllog
or gln I itrtltir pIrott11.tt"i.. nut oltenterir
will hec rosecllte t the rulle-t extent it the
lnw. ('A.S il. IT.EI). A.4, nt,
Iitt tt .ANit A FTERt THI ItATI:. Alt.
hIullntilg with gin or othlerwine. on Itigh
ltnd pln ii ttlon.. will tie ctintns:di,ri tresii-n
In . no1t ollTl, llln, rI will its pt'ocutt, l to tho
fUllet extellnt i the law.
Satll nlltter thin dane. nil trentlelnittt t IponI
an- iy f.l t lV ternlI pInlntllatlio s ill \W' t iF'li
ralnl. will In prtsecutdttit IItt- fullet- extent
of the law. hi It. I. I.. hi A'ITIIF.V
I-)AtI'IEO t'itNt'EIINfl) ARE IIEIIFt1
noltlet tlnt the g:ltherinnf t'owers nllld
shrllllhery from the grlpens onf Trio pllant.
lion, In thin i.rlsh. wIthOutlll the PIrtnltlstll of
the uitiiiOgeit., will be rowirdleid an trIenpitns
Ilg and prui eetnt arrPenrdlllnmly
tI'IANK E. tl\ EI.I,.. Agent.
SI 'N'T-Si oN 111 (osEI)ttSf N -AND
-llNlNrw pae a. will tafter thin tille Ie con.
ldertrd tstrnsplntlino. .IA'. i'. Hi\htMhAN.
NOTICW IS HIEREB1 Y GIvENfTATFIUUNI
ing In the Ambrosia and independenoe
pla ltes Is probtiten. Vtolatorn will bIe pros
anted toite lullt extent or the ltw.
J. W. DiDERICK.
8ITEL WINDSOB
BSLALGHTER, LA.
(. N. O. & T. i .)
First-Class Accommodations
?AILE SUPPLIED WITH THE BEST TN
MARKETS AFFORD.
Mrs. J. OSCAR HOW JIA
PlOVMSaNTWs
DEFIES COuararrg5
FRANK HTE
Mepases Was. R. wa "'
uR. raxozmsyu&, ad
Dry Goods, Notlogs,
Boots ca soan. t
Ladies' Fine Drees Good .
FIRE WINlS, LIU0 , U II
* Tobacco end COgaI..
ROCK BOTTOM PRICS .
C. BOCKELAgLt,
Sie Stret, BAYOU SARA. IL
-DUALU 1E
AND WESTERN PRODUCE,
Saddlery Department A eMaN
All Work Executed on Short rem
Barber : Shop
in old S.TIrNEL office, near 011
bourne & Co.'s Drug Store.
ST. FRANCISVILLE, LOUISIANA.
Shave... .............. 15o
Hair Cut...............25o
Shampoo.............20o
I respectfully solicit a share of the
public patronage.
GEO. ARNAUD,
PROPRIETOR.
BAYOU SARA AND BATON IOIUE.
U. S. Mail Steamer
GLEON
J. iI. MOSSOP, Masters
rassengers from Bayou Sara bound
for points below Baton Rouge. will havb
three hours in the Capital City before
taking tho train for New Orleaas. Meals
served on board. For particulars apply
on hoard.
Special Notice.
A .T, PARTIES HAVING WORK IN
my v shop for a period exceeding
NINE IY DAYS,. are hereby informed
that the same will be sold to pay cost of
repair. CHAS. WEYDERT,
Bayou Sara, La.
LiveFry, Feed and Sale Stablie,
Fet of the HIlL St. Fraelillos.
jos. Bstefof·amodaloss forao -
Se. Btable oa Bus ss.
HENRY ARNAUD,
Barber and Bair Dresser,
ATOU IIsaA. .A.
~~a~sose sU4 as i naLIs 3M
TH"S PAPER IS 6N FILE
IN CHICAGO
an NEW YORK
A, H, Klb Immer C

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