Newspaper Page Text
w. xswA. L.SV B Pablshe O4o±1oial 3ox1 1 of tOt y V
L. JASTREMKI MW. 0*
VOL. 3. BATON ROUGE LOUISIANA, SATUIAYAI
C. C. BIRD ATroaT AT LAw. Will
. attend promptly to all business intrsted
to him. Offie on uonvention street, beween
Third and Church streets, Bator ,RoaUF*a
+ W. POPE. Anroan5 AT LAW and
G. otary Public, Port Allen, Weet Baton
Rone, La. Specal attention gliven to the col.
letilon of accounts, taking testtmouy under comi.
mtansin, and to all other matters requiring the
attention of an Attorney or Notary in the pariah
aot West Baton Rouge. 1pr4 v.ul3
f . LANG, ArrotuzY aru, CouNeSEa
. At Law, DonaldsonDVto, La. Will prac.
tlice ia all the courts of the State of Louisiana.
rl O0. B. DUPRE]B, Arrowar1
I and Counsaelor at Law. O(ttlce-No. it, Pik.'s
How, haton Rouge, La. Will practice in the
ttate and Federal Courta.
I rtRON & i-IEALE,
A'nIoKuYH 5and Cot. Nstl.olts AT LAW. oUtlce
on North lhonlevard street, near the post office,
Itaton Iou~ge, (Ist. Wmill attend to all law b.r31.
nesare nltrstlt to them In this alntd adjoining
A. . H'errou .................L. U. ,eale.
I AVIROT & LAMON. A rou
N F Y,,Ar LAW. Oth1ce on North Boulevlard
street, Batotn Itopge, La, Will attend to all
I;tw Inlsiteest entrusted to them in tis and ad.
ii.1. . 'avrot ..... . . . .it Lsw on
E,+V. w &. M. ROBERTSON.
4 Attorney s and Counselors at Law. Otlice
,onl North cielevtard Street, Baton Rouge, La.
W ill practice in the $eventoeth and Eighteenth
E. W. tobertson......... M. Robertson.
l EO. W. BUCKNER, Attorney
at Law and Notary Public, Baton Ronge,
La. Business promptly attended to.
I $TEENBEN, Druggist, dealer in drug. medil
sJ cines, chemicals, cigars, fancy and toilet
articles. Third street.
O HSENFIELD, dealer in (lry goods, ready
made clothing, hoots and shoes, hats and
capse all of the latest styles.
MW1. GAHIG, Forwarding and Comnissiu"
W Merchant, dealer in plantation supplies
ntd general steamboat, purch,tsing and collec.
tion agent, Front street.
NDREW JACKSON, Cotton Buyer, and
A dealer n grocerls and plantatioun supplies,
northeast corner of Main and Third streets.
NICIOLAS WVAX, wholesale and retail gro.
N r, dealer in plantation supplies. fancy and
staplo groceries, wines, liquors, crockery, cut.
lore, cigars and tobacco, St. Louis street.
I G. ItANDULPI', wholesale and tetail
W grocer, and dealer in western produce,
wines and liquors, Main street.
1561IUA IEAL, Family Ur(ocer, dealer in
at fancy groceries, alntled fruits tandt every arti.
ctle needtied in the household, corner 'third adtl
LEtOIGtE U. Wl.iSUN, 4eale: in weateli
Sprodutne, grocerites, plantation suppllieS,
saddlery, tarness, cornet,r Th'lrd andl Ctonven.
OiN .J WAX. ,eater itt faIncy aud staple
Sgroceries. lhquors, cigars, tobavco andt Con.
tettisne.rles, St. Ferdiantnd sireet
j J. CAPDIVIELLE, dealer in groceries and
l-qoors and ear corn, lime, hoop.pole and
lat.boat agent, Frnt street.
-1W. W IT tINt;i, dealer :n fancy and staple
groceries, rolit andt confectioneries, cl
gars, smoking tobacco, Third street.
IM CIlAM'IERS, Stationer, dealer m station.
cry, books. cutlery. Violin and Guitar
strings, and lashion papers, Third street.
SW. IIEROMAN, Blue Store, dealer in news
I litetary and fashion periodicals, stationery,
anld |ticturt's, Main street.
SPHIiLIP IIUTT, proprietort of Iismarck Sa
- loton and Lager lieer flluttse, ,orner St. iouis
anld North Bonlev.lrd streets.
C IIIAItLES W IECK, proprietor Sutater Louse
L dealer in the finest winll, liquors iandtl cigars
corner 'Third and Laurel streets.
St'. ILUVEIIUUS, Dlruggist, logel's old
sttandl. dealer in drugs, uiectliuens, cutlery
snap, garden seed and fancy articles.
L' 3M. BIIROOKS, Druggis!, dealer in drugs and
medicines of every kind. cigars, smoking to
iacco, cutlery, etc., Main street.
1.? A. DAY, propiletor Red Stick Drug Stor4'
1l keep-. constantly on hand a full assortment
of drugs anld medicines corier Africa and
SFEIIELIMAN, dealer in Dry Goods andt
Bl the moast tishionabl styles of retady icadit
clthlling, hlats Iots and shoes, Main street.
NIItS. J. M. I'PAKER, dlcalerin ilinery and
t1 Dry Itoodls and fanry articles of all des
criptlons, Main street.
J OIN .IOUMNSN, watchluaker atnd jew'eler,
dealer in jewelry, silver war., pictures and
pIictnre frtames, Thrl street.
ALEXANDREt W IGLHt. CHY, proplrietor of the
Iatapitl lhouse. oatrd by the dav. week or
mltouth, with the best the tmarket all,rds.
VERtANiDAH flOTEL and Restaurant is
supplied with the best viands in the market.
Third street. C. Cretnonini, proprietor.
W P.KIIIBY, proprietor Ladies Restaurant
and dealer in fruits, confectioneries, ci
gars, eoe., cor. Thht d a .t Florida streets.
JOSEPH1 LARGUIER, detaler in foreign and
dotmestic hardware, house furnishing goods,
cornets Third and Florida streets.
11 GESSELLY, Civil and Mihltary Tailor,
() Latest styles, Third Street.
1I J. WILLIAMS. matufaetorer of steam
trains, strike panis. boilers and tanks, and
all kinds of stgatr house work, cornert of Main
and Front streets, near the ferry landing.
W ILLIAM GESELL, worker in tin, copper
ansd sheet iron, and dealer in stoves, tin.
ware and crockervyware, cor. Third antl Florida.
ATON Ronllge Oil Works, manufacture cot.
ton sled oil. oil cake, cotton seed meal and
linters: Front street.
UI SIANA CAPITOLIAN Book anti .ob
4 Printing establishment, on Third street, Is
inu.t of the most complete in the State.
IAD. LYTLE, Photograph Artist, Main at.
l'hotoialbums, fratues, etc., kept on hand.
DI PER'S Fu niture and Undertaking Estabs
P lishelnt. Main street. well supplied with
everythring in this line
1) D. THOMAS, dealer in Fancy and Staple
E r Groceries and Dry Goods, at Timu )Dutg.
gan"s oldI stand, on Main street.
I.SS P. IIEItT.AND. Milliner, diealer In
Mliliinery t tals audl Fatncy ;tds,l. [Main
iRS. t'. MA ILLt)T. T hirdi street . dealerin
'1 Millicerc anu Dry tI;Itts. Trimnlings. No
.I\NtEL RODRIIU;tEZ, Lafayette street,
-.L autnhiteturt r et (ihoice C(iars.
TEETH! TEETH! TEETH!
I)R. DI). L. eHITRICK,
O 'PPISITE tihe Ilanuk Hotel, and oCver E.
Wittin a's store most respectfnlly inhorms
the people of this country that, after an absence
of over eight years, he has returned anti reaum.
ed his Dental lpractice at the above location.
His oflice is titted up withallthelatest improve.
ments and appliai~es in every branch of the
art. Hundreds of people are carrying his tine
gold fillings in their teeth that were made twen.
ty-tive years ago. Is this samlient proof of
qmllaltication Motto-Low Prles, Teeth ax.
tntaed withouat pait. bmaum
W 1 4
W i I
"*FIVE AND TWENTY YEARS AGO."
LoUt'is . ('Ie'lAx in Christian at Work.
Alh! good with', have you forgotten
Days when you were young and hilr 1
Time' of rosy checks and dlinples,
Time of sunny, golden hair ?
Not a thought of toil could vex us,
Grief or care we did not know:
You and I were yoenn together,
Five aned twenty years ago.
In the strength of hopeful mauhoold.
Lithe and straight and tall I sntood,
Andl you waited eloce beside n'e.
('rownei with bleoomng womanhcel l:
Now, ltfe's twilight shades are falling,
While the years crowd on apace.
A nd on heart and Ifrnm and t'.ature
Care' and grief have left their trace.
We have hteard tih, church bell tolling,
We have tillld pale lhandse with flowers,
We have roled our precious darlings
For the grave's dark lonely hourn;
We have seen the wee chairs vacant
Aged friends we've hid ' good-by:"
o'er green graves we've wept together
A.\h how often ! you and I !
But the summer bloom is followed
By thee "sere aned yellow leaf,"
And the golden harvest comes not
"Fill we break the burdened shalnf;
Ilearts may'ove in sunny weather.
When youth's freshest rose's glow:
'That can ill betide the waiting
For the ripening years of snow.
But the rapture of love's morning
lh'ightena still our noon'titlo ray,
A.\ndl Ilope paints a gllorious setst
Foer nr last declilin~e day :
And long or short the journey
'Thnt our laggineg feet may know.
Love is ours, the love we' plighted
Five, and twenty years ago.
KEEP BAYOU MANCHAC CLOSED.
ElITORt C'APi''ORLIAN-An article hav
ing appeared in your paper tivoriug the
opening of Bayou Manchlic, anel know
ing that you are disposed to have the
subject fairly discussed and properly
represented to the pubilc, the writer
begs leave to request a place in your
valuable paper to the annexed report of
Captain Linnard, of' the U. S. Corps
Topographical Engineers, arnd a conmnu
nication of Mr. MIeMath to the St. Louis
Democrat, ,pblished in 1(8, embody
ing the substance of the report of one of
our former State Engineers, Mr. Wool
bridge, assisted ill his survey by Mr. 0.
R. W. Bailey, one of the ablest engin
eers this State ever produced. These ar
ticles, although published some years
ago, speak for themselves, and ought to
satisfy any practical mind of the utter
folly of attempting to make available
for any purposes of navigation, the route
proposed through to Mobile by Manchac,
Amite and the lakes, for, supposing the
plan ofmaking a series of locks is adopt
ed, does any one suppose that the boats
plying upon the Mississippi River would
venouture upon the Lakes ! The conse
quence would be that boats suitable for
canal and lake navigation would have
to be constructed, and those of light
draft, for, by reference to Latourretto's
map of Lousiana, the soundings in Lake
Maurepas, at the month of the Amite Riv
er,are only four feet, a reshipment of car
goes ont thesee small crafts would be nec
essatry, and would involve greater ex
pLense' than reshiplning on good sized
boats ait New Or'leanse, a'il if' it bIecomtes
nIecessary that water' coniunnuication
shlloillli be establishedl between Mobile
and No~w Orleans alel in the interest of
outr Metropolis, why eot select some
point near Kennerville' above Carrollton,
anld open a canal through to Lake Pont
chartrain, which would not be over five
miles through it to nine feet of water,
and would require locks with not one
third the lift of those at Manchae. If,
however, there be objections to this
route, and none to passing by New Or
leans, what could be the objection to
adopting as a locatron for a canal that
running into Bayou Bleavenne, below
the city ! This woaldgive abundance of
water into Lake Borgne and be the near
eat and most practicable water route to
Mobile. Either of the above routes
would possess every advantage over
that of Manchac and not be attended
with one third oftbecost. But, say those
who go in for depleting the Misiussippi,
why have any locks upon the Bayou,
and let us have a crevasse which can be
kept from overflowing the country by
centinuous levees on through to the
Amite 1 Does any sensible person sup
pose this can be done without stopping
up the streams which drain all the alln
vial lands in East Baton Rouge, Iber
ville and Ascetnsion on the east side
This loss of drainage, even supposing
the water ,did not go over-these levees on
the banksof the Bayou in high water,
would render the country as valueless
as before closing the Bayou, as the
mouth of the Bayou would he about 100
feet wide by 12 or 15 deep, does any one
suppose it could be of any value as a de
pleting outlet, when, besides, the di
menusions of the bayou 8 miles down is
about half that at the month ? So levee
it as they may, it would inevitably over
tlow its banks and drown out the adja
Conpecting the Mississippi with the
Lakes, this geographical importance is
well calculated to delude the friends of
the canal idea, especially when sustain
ed by those who expect to handle the
appropriations, that the United States
should be called upon to make this
grand outlet of the Mississippi a na
tional work and available for naviga
tion. The folly of this scheme will be
demonstrated as soon as investigated.
Should the West desire a more direct
communication with our Alabama
friends than by New Orleans, let
lme suggest a rail road from hero to Mo
lble, which would not be half as long as
by the water route, it would intersect the
New Orleans and Jackson route and
thus open direct communication with
the South, East and lake shore, develop
allne, country, bring our great tim
ber country into practical working, con
tributing in the course of time to make
Baton Rouge what it was designed to
be a great, commercial, high Inltd city.
Monitu, ALA., Dec. 17, 184'2.
CoLoN'i,-I have the honor to submit
the following report of my examination
of Bayou Manchac: The resolution of
the Senate of the UInited State requiring
the examination appears to have
reference only to the obstruction at the
head of Bayou Manchac, on the Mississ
ippi, about, fourteen miles behlow Baton
Rouge. It consists of a damin of earth
in continuation of the levee on the bank
of the river, wide enough for a carriage
way for which purpose it is used. The
bed of the bayou between the dam and
the river, a distance of about one hund
red yards, has been filled up to within
five or six feet of the banks by deposits
made during high water in the Miss
The Legislature of Louisiana passed
an act in March, 1826, authorizing the in
habitants of the adjaccent parishes to
close the bayou. 'The funds for the pur
pose were raised by subscription. The
sole object contemplated by the Legisla
ture in granting the authority was, if I
am correctly intormned, to protect against
overflow valuable lands on the bayou,
and the back lands of river plantations,
which were inundated when the Miss
issippi reached a high stage of water.
The cost of removing the obstruction in
question would not exceed fifty dollars.
A narrow trench cut through the de
posit outside of the dlam, and an open
ing at high water in the dlam itself,
would be ensufficient to cause its removal
The resolution of the Senate concludes
with the following words, viz: "and
reopening said bayou for n vigation,"
from which it might be inferred that it
had been customary to pass through it
to anti from the Mississippi tiver. I
cannot learn that this has been the case
exceplt in a few instances during the
occupation of Louisiana bly Spain, and
during the embargo, when small boats
nscenudedto the river. It will be per
ceived, from a brief description, that
the dam at the head of the bayou is not
the only obstruction to navigation, and
that in estimating the cost of opening
for that purpose the removal of said
dam would form tlhe most insignificant
Bayou Manuchac, t:or six miles from
the Mississippi, is ektremely crooked,
has an average breadth between the
tops of the banks of about fourteen
yards, and is nearly dry. The banks
(which have a slope of about forty) and
the bed are grown up with young timber.
Eight miles from the Mississippi, Bayou i
Crocodile enters it from the South.
This bayou in high stages of water, be
fore the Manchoa wa closed, oarried
the river water into La-Espegnol, over.
flowing lands almost to New River.
The same lands are now drained by
it into Mancha, About a mile below
Bayou Crocodile enters Bayou Fontaine
from the north. After receiving the
latter, Bayou Manchac becomes thirty
yards wide, and from seven to ten feet
deep. From Bayou Fontaine to the con
fluence of Manchac and the Amite River
a distance of ten or twelve miles, there
is much fallen timber in the stream, and
many hanging trees on the banks. This
is the only navigable part of the Bayou
Manchac. It may be clianed out and
made practicable for schooners at a cost
of six thousand dollars. In this esti
mate is included the removal of timber
from the banks tor a space of forty feet
In February, 1l35, the Legislature of
Louisiana passed an act to inquire into
the expediency of opening at the fobrmer
mouth or any other point an outlet from
the Mississippi into Bayou Manchac. I
have not been able to procure the report
on the subject, but it may be supposed
that it was found to be inexpedient, as
the bayou remained closed. While it
continues so it serves, with Bayou Fon
taine and Crocodile, to drain extensive
tracts of sugar land, which can be
brought under cultivation without the
necessity of making levees.
If the Mississippi water were admitted
freely into Bayou Manchac, the lands on
those bayous would greatly depreciate in
value, and the most serious injury to the
plantations on the river south of Manchac
would ensue. The navigation woulbbe
of no public utility if all the trees, logs,
and slumps were cleared out. No boat
of any description now used on the Mis
sissippi could pass through the upper
portion of it. If it possessed the requi
site breadth, the impetuosity of the cur
rent would present a sufficient objection.
That it would be vastly more rapid than
the current of the river as will be seen on
inspection of the distances to tide water
by the river and the bayou. The bed of
the bayou at its head being fifteen feet
above low water mark in the river, no
water would enter it during several
months of the year.
To re-open the bayou would inflict se
rious injury upon the iunhbitants resi
ding near it, perhaps occasion a contro
versy between the General Government
and the State of Louisiana and yet be
productive of no advantage to the pulb
lic that I can perceive. I would, there.
fore, respectfully recommend that the
obstruction at the former entrance from
the Mississippi into Bayou Mauchne 14
The cost of re-opening and cleaning'
out the bayou from the Mississippi to
the Amite river would amount to thir
teen thousand dollars.
I have the honor to be, sir, very re
spectfully, your obedient servant.
T. B. LINNARD,
Captain Topographical Engineers.
CO.LONEL. J .J. AER'T,
Corps Topographical Engineers,
Impractlcabilityof the Rayon Man
Mr. R. E. McMath communicates the
following to the St. Louis D)emocrat of
the 29th nlt:
As. in the discussion of the project of
opening Bayou Manchac, no considera
tions bearing on the engineering branch
of the subject have been presented that
seem to be based upon reliable informa
tion, I suppose that a few facts and fig
ures will not be amiss.
Great as may be the commercial ad
vantages which may be expected from
the project, its actual accomplishment
depends upon the result of surveys and
investigations; if we may anticipate
a favorable result to such surveys, they
should be made; but if we have infor
mation within our reach that shows the
scheme to be impracticable to survey
would be a waste of time and money.
As local interests are deeply involved
in this project, statements coming from
sources likely to be itinfluenced by such
considerations are not to be received
without question. Fortunately, that
which I offer comes fromn witnesses who
cannot be impeached, and as I namne my
authority, any one interested may de
termine for hinmself the faithfulness of
my rendering of their testimony.
In the report" on the physics and hy
draulics of the Mississippi river, by
,Gen. A. A. Humphreys, the present
chiefof the bureau of engineers, and
Lieut. Abbot, pages 395 to 402, will be
found a discussion of the project of open
ing of Bayou Manchac, as a relieving
outlet for the flood waters of the Mis.
sissippi, and a view of the merits of
i similar schemes at Bonnet Carre and
English Turn. Although the object of
that discussion did not include the use
of the proposed passage for purposes of
'trade, the facta given and reasoniugs
Are altest .F.
leyq uopobet iywl
The report ;aBys._g ..
Bayou Ma eoha, thatL j
were always insignilo
one hundred years asgo
"ohenal," or natural canal, ` hbps
the report of Mr. A.' D 0. "ogVi
the Senate of Louisiana in 152l Rtk
State engineer: "This bayoruisbthb
natural outlet of the Mtisissippionf il
east, and is fourteen miles beloWrtll'
termination of the highlands beloW1rAt
Rouge. The distance following itsi~ean-?
derings, to the junction with the Amite
river, is about twenty-two miles, and the
total distance by this route to Lake
Borgne is about one hundred miles.
Nine miles from the head of the bayou
it receives Bayou Crocodile from the
south, and Bayou Fontaine from the
north one-half mile further on. At its
head the Bayou. is 90 feet wide and 12
feet deep, measured at the surface of
high water 1851. As that stage was
42 feet above low water, the bottom of
the bayou is 20 feet above the low water
surface of the river.
From the'head of the bayou toiLe enb
trance of the Crocodile it is usually dry
and very tortuous. One mile below the
head the surtace width is 44 feet, and
depth, 10 feet and it retains nearly these1
dimensions' to the Crocodile. Beldw
Bayou Fontaine the width from bank to
bank is 100 feet, and depth 15 feet, Be
low this point the Bayou is in some sense
capable of navigation.
From the head of the bayou to the
Crocodile the banks are very low, and
are subject to overflow from 8 to 15 feet.
From the bayou to Amite river the banks
are tolerably high. The bed for the
whole distance is a stiff close clay. The
report adds: "If ttis were opened a
large portion of the parishes of Ascen
sion and Baton Rouge would be flooded,
and several hundred thousand acres of
land must be abandoned, or protected
by continuous heavy levees from 10 to
15 feet high. Therefore it is recommen
ded to leave the bayou in its present
From the above statements which I
have condensed the authority of the es.
timate of $150,000 for opening the bayou
to navigation is manifest, as the excava
tion of a ,channel some nine miles in
length, and from ten to thirty feet deep,
is impossible. Or that sum even if a
minimum width be adopted, and the cur
rent on enlargement. *
If an appriation is asked for from
Congress, it should be for the location
of a canal at most favorable point, to di
determined by survey, following the al
ternate indicated by the report of Gen.
oral Humlphreys. Bayou Manchae can
already be considered worthy of exauo
inatiou, as the saving of distance to Mo.
bile by that line is compensated by the
greater length of narrow channel over
either of the alternates suggested, as
could be shoui if the limits of an arti
cle permitted.. Moreover, a location in
the vicinity of New Orleans would dis
arm a powerful opposition, and afford an
opportunity for obtaining an increase of
dockroom, which will in a fewv years be
demanded if the movement of grain to
ward that outlet should progress a mat
'ter in which the whole West is more
deeply interested than they now realize.
A correspondent of one of the daily
papers takes a very roundabout way to
say that another correspondent of the I
same paper has told a pack of lies. Af
ter correcting several misstatements, he
adds: "And when Mr. B. says so and so,
he simply walks up and takes his place
on the rent seat right alongside of Ana
nias anitrSapphira." Hie forgets, how
ever, that Ananias and Sapphira did not
sit up at all after they had uttered their
Tommuy Dorkins came running rnto the
house with this conundrum for his long
suffering mother: "If you were on the
top of Trinity church spire on the back
of a goose, how would you get down P"
Mrs. Dorkins thought she'd jump down,
slide down the lightning-rod, fly down
on the goose, fall down, and then gave
it up. "Why, if you wanted to get
do,',,, you could pick it off the goose,"
said Tl'ommny exultantly.
A l:ui0tils surgeonI aldvises one ,of his
patients to nuldergo an operation. "Is
it very severe Y" asks the patient. "Not
for the patient," says the doctor; "we
Iput him to sleep; but very hard on tihe
operator." "'Hlow so f" "We suffer tCr
ribly from anxiety. Just think, it only
succeleds once in a hundred times."
The Bonham News, a Texas paper,
says it costs in that State over $1,000 on
an average to arrest, try, collvict, sen
tence and hold a criminal in the peni
tentiary for three years, and only about
$75 to educate a person so that he can
not only take care of himself, bnt can
earn a surpnlus which goes to enrich the
State. Education paJrs; igaoranesoests
priua st the byte
to flo' brOgh, uni
The replys thatfi o $
the riveraadthe o 1
to their original ,
only would an 'itpi
consnection be e.b `:
at alipontabelow tl b 6i 0
bayou would beimtl
ing periodas ofah $M7e .
meat apes to i
refers, is rob al I
marks' of Prof. Po'at
work oan fy4trall9
wad acoepted sand l
emrinment at Washinglon,
It will be remembered thahl
was oeloed by Gent Jackson it1
afforded anavigabtlo ceo
Lake Maurpas sAnd the4Yer
Lake Maurepas w. .oootlP
lakes Pontchartrain add. lokne, ;
forded an indepew t outlet ti"
Gulf. Prior to tlieq Ia bQifil
the navigation of these lakes wais
than it was to-day, andl
olares that the fialhnge,. L4 iak .
chartrain was better. Open thel:i
and nature would at once put hi
into operation to restore thei
conditions. Locks, would he an -
diment, and, to 4, large exteont,
impair the advantages of a hin
Of course some new levees 'wolif . b
quired ajpng the bayou after tig
outlet had obtained an effeti|ijet
way; but a great-valuable land won
be restored to cultivation, and the.
vantages of the work wou44 be ;en`
Lake Maumepas is nearly oFlrp aan
whilst whirling around in that erte
sive basin the bayou water used to
a large librtion of the sediment brotl
from the river and wts comparatitel"
clear when it passed into Lake Po
chartrain and. still more so, when.
passed through the Rliglets into
Should the proposed improvement
effected the lake front of the city Wton
be greatly increased in its commeia
importance, and a breakwater of Ook
siderable extent would be necessary ati
some point on the lake shore as a harbor
defence3 against storms.
THE NEW CZAR.
Alexander Alexandrovitz, the lalt
Czarowita, is now 'Emperor of Rusai;u.
He is a brother-in-law of the Prinee
Wales, having married the Prinoe
Dagmar, the second of the King of Den.
mark's daughters, in, 1866. The Ozsar.i
witz is not quite as tall as his fithe&
was, being slightly under six feet, bu
deep-chested, broad-shouldefed and a
great strength. Intellectually an.
morally-he is a better man than his i
ther, being firm, vigorous, full ofenpr
and extremely siniple pnnd domeistti r
his habits. The Czarowitz was ntever
favorote with. his father. When but
boy the unexpected death of his.eld
brother made him heir to the throne, .
the great disgust of Alexander. lro
the time he came of age the Czarowit:
opposed himself to the imperial poiey j
becoming the advocate of refobinm s
proposing a legislative ssembly i*
Russia. Of late years very unfriendij
feelings existed between father ld son.
in consequence of the marriage of the
latter toa favorite countess of the court.'
A compromise wamsarrived at, some tfi
ago, by which the Czarowitz agreed t.
cease his opposition to their marriage It
his ,fther would retire from the oears ed
state. The new Czar hasgenerallybee4
deemued an advocate of extending pop
nlay rights and privileges in Russia, and
his .wife has made herself extremel
loved in Poland by her efforts to aid t
people of that unfortunate country. ZI
remains to be seen, however, wh
he is earnest in this. The Roma
family has a cursed oneF
and son have -hated eacho
and the heir to tb has
been an opp t i npm o
nominally a as'ormei Ii
ever, as he *sebed the -
he became the amot violen
Theaw Cea~t sh e reputi
a aini of violent tempera;
witheot O yrdllty. Wheter
gl~~~iratbdly tlibqd~r ui~Q.))