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IE CITY OF POMPEII
*L~k~iJs L·4D ~~4ILCgU ~M>~a L~~J
What was Pompeli like before the
catastrophe? How did its magnificent
buildifgs look before they were
btri&d tinder the stones and cinders
of Vesuvius? Few of the thousands
-of visitors who have walked amid the
ruins of. this wondrous city can form
any adequate idea of its pristine
beauty, for its fallen capitals and shat
tered columns speak an unknown
language to the ordinary observer.
Not so 'to the expert archaeologist
and architect. To him each fragment,
however small and shattered, tells a
stony story of the triumphs of Greek
and Roman art hurled to destruction
in an hour. when, in the year 79. the
mighty volcano vomited stones, cin
ders and lava upon the devoted city.
It has remained for a German archi
tect and archaeologist, C. Weichardt,
to furnish at last an adequate idea
of Pompeii as it was-of the great
temples, especially,. with which it
was adorned. He has made dra'wings
which may be placed side by side
with the ruins of which they are re
constructions, so that we can see
precisely how the ruins form the basis
of the reconstruction.
It must not be forgotten that Pom
peii was covered with a mass .of
stones and cinders from twenty to
thirty feet deep, and that only a part
of the city has yet been dug out of its
grave of centuries.
There was a forum in Pompeii. as
in all Roman towns, forming the civic
center of the city. adorned with colon
nades and temples. as may be seen
from the remains still standing. The
largest temple in Pompeii was that
dedicated to Jupiter. standing on the
northern side of the forum. Entering
through the gate of the market place
two small stairways led to a long
podium, which served as the platform
from which the orators spoke to the
assembled multitude. Even Cicero
may have addressed the crowd upon
some question of public moment from
Thence 'a broad stairway leads up
to the Temple of Jupiter, and its
porch, with six Corinthian columns.
Temple of Isis.
Even in the ruins are to be seen the
pillars on the left, on which were
statues, and there in the pavement
are the foundations for seven great
platforms, which were once adorned
with equestrian statues.
Passing to the east of the temple
we find some fifteen pedestals behind
the columns, and marble fragments.
Here a costly hall was erected by the
Roman emperors. Originally seven
teen columns supported the lordly
roof, and there were fifteen statues
on these pedestals, along which the
visitor looked at the columns ranged
by the Temple of Jupiter, all hung
with the votive offerings of the peo
Passing through the large trium
phal area to the right of Jupiter's
Temple we come to the ruins of a tem
,ple built of marble in the imperial
age. It is called Fortuna Augusta, be
cause dedicated to the goddess of for
tune by Augustus. It seems that some
of the Pompeiians, shortly after the
destruction, must have dug here and
taken away some of the statuary of
the interior. It has been possible to
reconstruct this beautiful little temple
from the ruins which can still be
traced and pieces of the capitals
found here and there. It must have
been one of the favorite temples with
the pleasure seeking Romans, and
proves this, as it is of early Gree
Statues of Jupiter and Juno made ofI,
bakoe clay werthe foundo here, a weall
as a bust. of Minetrva of the same ma
t terial. Fortunately enough, there are
s3 til standing the steps and porch to
s show ',s exactly -where the' columns
a were placed, making the restoratien
as certain as possible.
1 The oldest temple in all Pompeii is
that one the ruins of which are to be
found on the south side of the city,
1 high above the valley of the rivet
Sarno. near the triangular forum.
t Two ides of the triangle have halls
of Doric columns, while the third is
º open, giving a free view of the land,
Ruins of the Forum.
cseape. The entrance to the forum is
at the northern corner. The ancient
Pompeiian had left the noisy, dirty
city behind him, and found a resort of
rest. peace and beauty as he entered
here. There were the hundred col
umned halls, and the temple in its
Doric power shutting out all that was
profane: and beyond the infinite pano
rama of sea and mountain and sky. In
Ideed, this place was endowed by art
and nature with rare beauty. The
long. shadowy halls, serving as pas
sages to the theater, and the walks
on the open east side, must have been
favorite resorts of the Pompeiians.
New York Herald.
"No Parting There."
"Uncle Joe" Cannon sat in the rear
seat of an F street car this morning
looking happily at the world and sing
ing softly to himself the old hymn,
"There Will Be No Parting There."
Representative Mann sat beside him.
reading a paper.
"Hello. Joe." sadt Mann. "What's
this-a conference at the White
House last night on tariff revision?"
"There will be no parting there,"
sang "Uncle Joe" melodiously.
"Wi'hat do you think of that?" asked
"There will be no parting there."
warbled "Uncle Joe." Then he said,
"Conundrum: If it takes six months
to pass a Cuban reciprocity bill. how
long will it take to revise the tariff?
There will be no parting there," con
tinued "Uncle J.oe," full and strong
"There will be no parting there,'
mumbled Representative Mann, with
his big bass voice. and then they both
lapsed into silence.-Washington Cor
respondence of the New York World.
Forming New Eyelids.
A remarkable surgical triumph has
been won by a Philadelphia doctor,
who has succeeded in grafting a new
set of upper and lower eyelids on the
eyes of a man who lost his original
set in a fire. The accident had left
both eyeballs entirely unprotected,
and there was danger of the victim
losing his sight entirely. When the
case was brought to the attention of
the doctor he resolved to graft four
new eyelids, if possible, taking the
skin from the hip of the patient. It
was necessary to proceed slowly, but
the experiment was successful from
the start. To-day the patient has four
new eyelids, which perform the nor,
mal functions naturally.
Audible Railway Signals.
The Northern of France Railway
makes use of a system of audible sig
nals to indicate when the distant sig
nal is at caution. Between the rails
is placed an insulated brass plank
about 6 feet 6 inches long. This is so
arranged that when the distant is at
caution a wire brush fitted to the en
gine passes in contact with the plank
and operates a whistle in the cab.
This requires the fitting of each dis
tant signal with the necessary batter
ies and their up-keep, as well as the
engines themselves; but they do not
seem to find this very much, and 're
quite satisfied with the system.
Perhaps the most remarkable
bridgas in the world are the kettle
bridges, of which the Cossack soldiers
are expe't builders. The materials of
which they are constructed are the
soldiers' lances and cooking kettles.
Seven or eight lances are passed under
the handles of a number of kettles and
fastened by means of ropes to form a
raft. A sufficient number of these
rafts, each of whic-h will bear a weight
of half a ton. are fastened together,
and in the space of an hour a bridge
is formed on which an army may cross
with comedence and safety.
The One Thing Lacking.
Mme. De Maupassant. mother of the
late novelist, lives at Nice in a large.
quiet house. She rarely receives vis
itors, but recently made an exception
in favor of Eleanor Duse. the Italian
actress, who is a great admirer of her
son's work. When the two women
were about to part Mmine. Du Maupas.
sent said to the actress: "You have
everything-genius, fame and wealth.
What is there left for me to wish
you?" "Rest," was the tragedienne's
gloomy reply. She was then trying to
make the world accept the dramas ot
Prince Who Devotes
His Life to Charity
WAY up in the hedrt of
the great Bavarian High
lands, overlooking Ober
ammergau and neighbor
ing beautiful spots faini
lfar to tourists, stands the
Hotel Kneuth. It is not
unlike other hostelries in
appearance. but nowhere else is
there such a host, and no other
hotel entertains guests of the
character accommodated here. It is
open only in the summer and
fall months. The resident host
i's Prince Ludwig of Bavaria.
who married an actress and re
nounced succession to all royal honors
when he found that otherwise he could
not wed the woman he truly loved
the Baroness Wellersee. In Jllne, July
and August royal personages and less
er folk are entertained here, but with
the end of the latter month all must
vacate. For in September the hotel
is given over to ludwig's brother,
Duke Charles Theodore. who devotes
it to the entertainment of those he
caTrltiw-friendw They are about 300
poor artists, struggling writers, brok
en-down gentry and many others of
the shabby genteel classes. They are
treated with the utmost courtesy by
the duke. the duchess and their lova
ble daughter. Princess Marie Gabri
elle. Again in May. before the pos
sessors of wealth arrive, the duke en
tertains his poor friends. all at his
This singular act of hospitality is
but one of the characteristic dheeds of
Duke Charles Theodore which cause
his relati-es and others of the idle
nobility to regard him as a crank. It
is the lesser part of his work. When
not in the mountains he is busy at his
hospitals, of which there are three.
In the royal palance at Tegernsee, at
Munich and at Meran he treats those
whose eyes are sick. More than 3.000
delicate operations have been per
formed by him, and he has gained
even greater tame as an oculist than
as a hotel keeper. No charge is made
unless the patient is able to pay. and
most of his work is done for the ex
tremely poor. His skill is as great
as his charity. Among the suffering
people of Bavaria he is retarded as
a savior. It is claimed that he is the
only royal personage in the world who
has adopted a serious occupation and
works for a living as common men do.
But the duke is not alone in his
work. His wife, who is a daughter of
the last king of Portugal. is a trained
nurse, and she has undergone experi
ences which would make many a stout
masculine heart fail. She is always on
gaged in her husnand's work. Then
there is a third 'jerson, and in her the
patients are d,.eply interested. The
world will know more of her some
day. She is Princess 1Marle Gabrielle,
said to be the most beautiful woman
in Europe. This young woman, who is
her father's chief assistant and who,
in simple frock, with nurse's apron,
cuffs collar and cap, bathes the ach
ing head and cheers the fainting heart.
was reared to believe that the charity
which helps others to help themselves
is the best thing in the world and in
all her service to the poor she en
deavors to put this thought into their
Princess Marie Gabrielle.
minds. Her work is far superior to
that of the hired nurse, for her heart
is In it. No service of tite sick room
is beneath her dignity, and no patient
too common ,or her tender care. Lat
terly she has done less work than she
was f-'merly able to do. because she
has home tasks to attendl to. Bot she
is often at her father's side, in his
Thle beautiful Marie Gabrielle is the
subject of a royal romance. It was in
July, 1900. that she was married to
Prince Rupert, heir apparent to the
throne of Bavaria. Rupert had been
wild. lis fancies ran to the actresses
of Munich and Paris. The German
papers told of his escapades. Bavar!
ans were alarmed, for it looked as If
this future king was to share the mad
ness common to those privileged to
occupy the throne of their kingdom.
The warnings and pleadlngs of his
fatier and mother. both exemplary
persons, seemed to make no Ilnpres
sion on him, and Bavaria was down
cast at the thought of another irre
sponsible ruler. when the announce
ment came that Prince Rupert and
the Duchess Marie Gabrielle were en
gaged. The good deeds of this young
woman were as famous as her physi
cal Ibeanuty. She had the qualities de
sirable in a qucen and she would in
spire the prince to nobler deeds and
better living. There could be nt
doubt it was a love match and sc?t
Duke Charles Theodore.
The Bavarian noblentma wtoi is an
ot'ulist. philanlthrtlbt ist anld hotel
it has proved. Rucpert appIIar.''tly is
a model husband. One day the mad
King Otto will die. Princec I .eopold
will retire as regent and Prince Louis,
his son,. will become king. The latter
is now about tio years old and it will
not be long before Rupert will conic
to the throne. Rupert and Gabrielle
have one child--a boy named Luitpold
Maximilian L.ouis Charles. who was
born last July.
FIND GOLD IN VERMONT.
Rich Deposits of Ore Said to Have
Although gold has been known to
exist in sections of the Green Moun
tains in Vermont for many years. un
til the last. year it was not discovered
that it could be mined in sufficient
quantitities to pay for the cost of bring
ing out the ore. Recently, experi
ments were conducted quietly in the
neighborhood of the villages of Reads
boro and Wilminton. in Bennington
county, and the result is that rich
ore has been discovered. Speculators
traveling uinder different guises ex
amined whole tracts of barren farms
and thousands of acres were leased
for mining privileges. until at the
present time rough pasture land con
sidered of little value for the last cen
tury. has taken a sudden rise with
the opening of spring in the last few
weeks and operations which resemble
in n.agnitude the mining interests of
the West are springing up. A num,
ber of companies have been formed.
and gold mining plants are being
placed in operation along the moun
tains. bordering the upper portion of
the Deerfieid valley. The interest in
the field of operations is increasing,
and soon there will be a number of
large mining corporations, which have
the best available sites under lease, in
DEVOTION WELL REWARDED.
West India Merchant Honors Animal
Who Saved His Life.
From a West Indian journal we
glean that a well-known merchant in
Jamaica recently gave a unique supper
in honor of a hound named Monarch.
which had stood him in good stead
during a perilous midnight ride
through the country, and had prac
tically saved him from the would-be
assaults of some inebriated natives
At the feast referred to the devote(
dog was provided with a huge salver
full of costly meats, a dish of oysters
and a quart of champagne, which de
lectable dishes he disposed of with
sc-ant ceremony,. ,Every guest be
stowed a present itionl tile dlog. the
most useful gift bteing a large ken.ne
lined with wool. The festivities lasted
five hours, during whcic- .rMonarch ri
c-lined on a vel\'vet lounget in his mas
ter's best aral'tlntmnt and was iidoi
-zed by all present.
PARROT FOILED BURGLARS.
Pet of Berlin Jeweler Saves His Owner
One morning during the past wintil
a jeweler in HIerlin was awakened at
an early hour by his pet parrot. who
had entered his room alind was vc-ifer
ously persuading him in gulItllral (cr
man to "Hicrry iup and shoot I t rob
hers!" The tradesman hiastclncd tc,
act on the advice of his fct',te.cdtl
friend, and, arming himself with a re
volver. descended to the lower rcoomlns.
where he eCounllttereti a ntaske~d I'll
glar. whose operations he had cerccct
tunely interrupted. The reitils-, a:, .
cries of the parrot attracted tnte ncc.'
tion of the polite, andt the thief \c a:
arrested. The grateti'r l J~eelci :: i.,
a grand dinner in honor of hi- :;c ,a'
whose timely warning had rlcle,'ii.-:
his property and probably his lift
Those evening ties are the best tile
keep a married man at homn a " ,
Has Had Strange Career
K'V`K,~e c~tic"~tiýý "c~C
One of the most versatile criminals
this country has produced is now a
prisoner at Governor's Island, New
York charged with desertion from the
United States army. He recently
emerged from Sing Sing prison at
Osining. N. Y., as a ward of Mrs.
Balington Booth of the Volunteers of
America. Since his release he has
led an upright, honest life and served
as secretary to Mrs. Booth. He also
became almoner to Mrs. McAlpin,
wife of Gen. McAlpin, who dispenses
$20.000 yearly in aiding ex-convicts
who are struggling to live honest
lives. lust as his future seemed
bright a cloud came out of his past
and he finds himself in a military bar
racks charged with a serious offense.
The name of this man whose nem
esis pursues him is Alexander Skelly.
During the 53 years of his tumultuous
lifelife he has been swindler, desper
ado, train robber, highwayman, Indian
fighter, chief of police in Alaska. sol
dier, college man, physician, forger,
convict and reformer of equally har
He was born in London of a family
high in social and pecuniary standing,
and after passing through Latin
school, attended the college of the city
of London. wherein he acquitted him
self so creditably that at the age of
21 he was graduated not only from
tihe college. but from the medical
school as well. After graduating a
desire for adventure. coup~ed with the
fact that he had developed some wild
traits displeasing to his parents.
-ausedl him to come to s his country,
where he subsequently enlisted in the
His experincnes in the ranks were
varied. lie wotuld scrv- onut a term
of enlistment and then leave the ser
vice for wild trips about the country,
spending much of his time in jail or
dodging officers. Hle served under
Gen. Miles. following that leader in
his campaigns against the Indians of
the southwest. and was a member of
the famous troop that pursued Geron
imo and his band of bloody Apaches
until they were captured. Iater he
fought under Buffalo Bill and Gens.
Lawton and Shafter.
These army experiences, adventur
ous trips and prison sentences cov
ered a period of twenty-five years,
after which Shelly practiced medicine
'or a time in Paso. Texas. played
cowboy in Arizona and was a high
wayman and train robber in Califor
Speaking of his life Skelly says:
"'it one of my periods of absence from
the army I wandered up to Alaska. It
happened to be a time when I was be
ing good, and by my knowledge of
criminals. my service as a soldier and
my ahility to use a gun. I was ap
pointed chief of police of Sitka. and
I gave them a good administration.
That grew tiresome, so I came back
to the states.
"'hen war between Peru and Chile
broke out I went down to Chile. I
spoke Spanish fluently, having learned
it. in .Mexico and when in South Amer
ica at various times. It was no
trouble for me to get a commission
in the Chilean army. I was made a
captain and fought all during the
"At the time of the Spanish-Amer
lean war I was a sergeant in the Third
C(avalry. and when we got to Tampa
I rejoiced that tinder the Srs and
Stripes 1 would see some real war.
hult when the time for going to Cubah
came I was dttailed as t)iit of thth
troops to stay luchitnd aind care tor t lh
horses. It nmadle e osnlt heartily
lisgillstEdl. 'l'he n we wer~e ordered 1(1to
(Camp 'Wyckoff. oin I.ong Islandl, as:l
there tbegan the trouble that brought
.me into this tiouirt to-dlay.
"We lay around there for some
time. I was hearthroken at missing
the fun in Cuba, and when the order
came to go to Fort EthanI Allen I
bcltked. It \\was the last straw, and 1 I
thought it was time to qulit.'
It was hero that Skelly committed t
the desertion for which he is now bte
After leaving the army he went to
New York. where he perpetrated a
number of successful forgeries. Of
his experiences there he says: "They i
caught me finally, and 1 got two years
in Sing Sing. It would have been ten i
had not some well kiown New York- 1
ers pleaded for me."
It was during his two years' termi
at Sing Sing that the mighty chlanig
was wrought in this remarkable crim- I
inal. Persistent efforts toward reform I
were finally productive of good result I
and at the expiration of his sentence I
he came out into the world with high- I
er ideals and a determination to live
an entirely different life. Mrs. Booth i
interested herselt In his welfare and i
s installed him as her secretary and
a through Mrs. McAlpin he became en
v gaged in the work of reforming crim
inals. until arrested on the old charge
1 of desertion.
BACTERIA AS FERTILIZER.
Agricultural Department Solves a Se
I low to do away with the use of ar
tificial fertilizers. compounded from
Sthe nitrates of Peru and other dry
countries. and thus anticilpate the ni
trate famine predlit ted by many scien
tists,. is a probre)m which the United
States agriclilnhrai department thinks
it ham SulreFe,(;dd it, solving.
If its idcea. and methods stand the
*est of use. as there is every reason
to believet that they will. tile farmer
of the future. instead of spending time
and money for expensive fertilizers
,brought from the ends of the earth,
will me rely em.'ty the contents of a
Stest tube into, a barrel of water, let it"
stand over night. soak his seeds in it,l
and then plant threm The result will,
be Pvwn better. says Crittendon Mar-'
riott in the National. than that ob-;
tained from the older and more costly
methors now in vogu(."
Most carnivorolus plants are of com
paratively small size. A species re
rently discoveres by Dunstan on the
shores of Lake Nicaragua. however, is!
not so. As this naturalist was walk-i
ing with his dog he was attracted by
its cries of Tan anti terror and hast-J
ening to the rescue tound the animal
held by rhr-ee black sticky bands,,
whic(:h had chafed the skin to bleed
ing. These hands were the branches
of a newly found carnivorous plant
whien has been named by Dunstan the,
"land oropius." The branches are de
scribed as ,being flexible. polished
black. without leaves. secreting a
viscid fluid and turnished with a great)
number of st< kers by which they at
tach themse!ves reto their victims.
Too Much Morgan.
A free iance circu;lar railed "The
Wall Street (;Giasurtns" was circulated
among New York brokers a few days
ago. It oice-d i.: light vein the sen
timent that Pierpont Morgan has too
1mulch inflluence in the finances and,
industrfes of tIa- country. "Roar I,
Rampage 1." has several paragraphs
on that shubjet. including these: "Aft
er conqlluering nmore that he and his
generals can wisely control the great
Americ·an Napoleon of Grab is cry
ing. 'More. wlore. more!' How much
ha\ve you tontlirib;lted to his 'rake-off'
in the steel trust, his railroad sub
merger? Sell a little Morgan short.
Too much risk ,n one man. But re
meniber the (;la-tuus is a big bull on
Mark George Peabody's Birthplace.
The tablet1 to mark the birthplace of
George Peabody?. the banker and phil
anthronpist. was nnveiled by the Pea
body. ?Mass.. Historical Society. The
tablet is of bhonze and has the follow
ing inscuriatiol in raised letters:
"Birthplace' of George Peabody. Feb.
15. 1795. Plaied hy the Peabody His
tric'al society. 1902." This tablet
will be bolted th, a rough stone post
five fmti on t, the ground to be set
two et it idle thie fencc, directly ite
l'ont of ti.a(h lgr L rt of the house in
wfich M,' Pahridy not \lt Ibtorn. The
late of it. ursheilire is iterh srleai-cen
tienial at tlht thIellcion by the town
of the gift flron. \1. Ioaeodi of the
lindon rtent d of tv I'eabody lstiLtUte.
California Woman Honored.
Miss Alire Rtbel teon ae panssed
sueessftlly throua h the ord, al of her
public examination for the degree of
doctor of phiosollhy 'ly 'm·in the Univer
sity o ef California. Mlihs Rosertson is
the third wonlall tI rTceive from the
University oef California its highest
acatlremice distinction. The first wom
an to he made a doctor of philosophy
at Berkeley was Miss Millicent Shina,
utpen whrom the derlee was moeoferred
in 1895. The sc,'ond was Miss Jes
stica P'ixottto who waY ,iven the bon
or in 1900. Fiftvtn Ilant have oftaineo
A Prcondeh arlthor i cr,,-;led with
the aoidscntlal disv,'(·ry that nyes ex
Ia.sted risnt dritil Inhway ae rcstedb
liy gazing a tfew a inntllte at aitn of
bright-colohred silk. :f!er "te':'riment
he wound his ilnk wll with a hand of
ay-c'oloredt silk :,, thow ::knto relied
hy glancTig at this whenever bhe Jipn s
his pen into the ink.