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THE PELICIANA DEMOCRAT,
BY G. W. REESE. THE CONSTITUTION.--STATE RIGRTS. TERMS--S8.
VOL. I. CLINTON, LA. SATURDAY MORNING, APRIL 21, 18b5. N0. 2.
Tue "FELICIANA DEMOCRAT'will be pub
lished every WEDNESdlAY AN.D ATU lt. , at THREE
Dolluar p-r anmiun, ptyable in advape. Two cop
oies wIl b, frurnahed or FIVE DOLI1lS.
AIVsIaTIn~MaKNT insert,d at One Ddr per square
IT W EL V E lines or less,) for the nret nlsertion,
aid Iffty cents for oach subsequent oe.
The'I F c for anuoutCng a candidaft'or oMlee will
be TEN Dollars, payable in advance.
TARDS, IPRO ESSION--- L, &c.
JaOl McVMA. CIlnton. UlAs. MW.cx, Jackson.
JOIN & CIIARLES 3IVEA,
Attorneys at Law
u1l4 (LINTON ANDI) JAO 8ON, LA.
JAM.E WESI.Ii. J I. IAMFPORD.
WELSH & SAMF)RD,
At.ornoys at La.
X IL, attend promptly to all business en
trusted to their care in th. Parishes of
Ea-t unld (tst Ftlciana, East Rtop Rouge,
oad St. I[ :lena.
OftaICe in Clinton, on the East aide of the
Puilie Sp';ir., a 14
W. FERGUS KERN,N,
Attorney and counsollor It Law
1\ ILL ATTEI'END promptly toall business
S c:ltru:+ted to hIlim in th, P'arlhes of East
F.licina, an:l St. ll .lnn. a 14
JAMES 1B. SMITL
Attorney and Counsellor it Law
" ILL ATTEND Ihunin.s in Eset and West
F li .imna, will St. loeena. a 14
JOHN M. ROBERt'',
Attorney at Law,
OvFicE: MAIN STREET.
mar .1 CLNTON, LA.
BOWMAN & DE LIE,
Attornies and Counsellors It Law,
SLI,, BULSINESS entrusted tc their care
I will be prompltly attended to.
ItI:Fi:EaNCse:-MessIr. Oakey ºl Hawkins,
J. B. Byrne & to.
a 14 NIwORI.P.AcS.
IIAYNES & ELLIS,
At'ra:lse anl Counsellors It Law,
e II CLNTON, LA.
A-. A I i! ('A. J. 7. KILIIOURN.
I' (LUA & KILBOURN,
Attorneys at Law.
' Il IT, r etiur in the ('ourts d EIast and
W .t ti1lton [Rtotuge, and St. Helena
r'., r.> . april 8
Juitlco ot the Peace & h1ota-y Public,
Olli:., on thie North side of the Pudic Square.
Notary Pub Jo and Auotoneer.
y\- ,141 attola promptly to all business en
tru4teI to himg
():.' ' r; No oth East Corner of the Public
S.':, r"". april 8
1)R. F. H. I.TRVFi,
'ONTI N UES tlh pra.ti'e of ohiprofession,
uIIl relpetfuilly,tolhers his astrices to thie
eit 7_.v ( of ('Into, , "' l v'inW'ly. a 14
1)R. C. 1I. PORTER.
1 3 ESI'ICTFU' LLY oirs his lrofessional
i slrv:ces to the citl.izens of Clinbn and its
vieiuity. 1I e ,u alway he found, when not
, :,, I, li, 'It the I)Drug Store of W. . SADL.aI On
I "'lk Toro w. a 14
E. L. JIAYGOO)D,
Anuo': omer-.--..C.inon, 'lta.
SILL, g;v Iprompt attention, to :le sale of
1 RItl E.t:tte :tlm PI :P-onal, Prolerty, with
in the I'. rish of EaSt F lFi.na.
]l(lc ms ~olicited. Ollic.: Clinton. a 14
O AKIEY & IHWKINS,
Factors 'Inl ]G n ral ('conimlssio n Melrchants,
No. 90 GILAVIEIt STREET,
SEG to otir the;r sarvl.rs to Pltnters and
I M'rIh lits, iii prowmis, attention and
IprOmpltln'.s to all consignments entrusted to
their ,'r,.a a 14
MIICAJA.IAll HA RIS,
Cotton Fa 'tor & CnmmIsslon hIterohant,
No. 58 GRAVIER STREET,
a lI NEW ORLIEANS.
Corner of (Connonl and St. Charles Streets.
libiPrices reduced to the old Standard...iS
a 14 .JOIlN GAwI'IN, Proprietor.
H. M. DALY.,'Y 1, L. A. ATALLARIE.
E. M1. DALEY & Co.
Commission & Forwarding Merchant.,
AND WIJIIE~LALE IDEALEnS IN
67 Tchoupitoula Street,
IF ..Liheral advances made on Consignments.
WM. KEINAGHL AN,
Importer, an.d W\holsale and Retail I)ealer in
Wat 'heP, Jewelry, Cutlery
GUNS, PISTOLS, & FANCY GOODS,
NO. 65 CANAL STREET,.
N. B. Watches and Jewelry carefully repaired, a14
W. W. CHMAN & Co.
nporters and De in Hardware,
CUTLERY IRON, AILS, CASTINGs,
Boots, Shoes, addery,rrnk , and Plantation
EAST saID Puato.u StPARs,--CUt ON, LA.
SAVE a full and "mplete assortment of
every thing in theirne. Their old custo
mers and the public inpeneral are requested
to call. april 8
MILLS & C VELAND,
Provision and Irooery Store
t ESPE(CTFULLY i orm their friends and
£L the trading public, at they have on hand
a large and complete sto4 of
together with a well gectod assortment of
Dry Goods, Hats, Boot Shoes, Hardware,
and in fact every article demand, for Family
or Plantation use.
They are prepared make advances on
Cotton consigned to OA Y & HAWKINS,
and to afford all the f ities usual in their
line of business, a14
o. P. LANxWORTHY. [18 S NORWOODTJLUEN.
LANGWORTH & TILDEN,
Druggists and 4otheoaries,
AND DNAL IN
BOOKS AND S'TIONERY.
A WELL selected assstment of Perfume
ry, Toys, and Fancy 6iods.
Music and Musical inst ents.
Paints, Oil, Lead, and rnish,
Brushes of all kinds,
Fine Cutlery, Razors, aeSoap.
11.See Advertisement e fourth page.
a14 BRICK RO --CL.ox , LA.
Carriages & Buggya mnIndrepaired,
BY CHARLES P.ARRETT,
HAVING si for facilities for
of a the'prompt an aithful execution
of a strictly Carriage and kgg tking and.
repairing Business, I invite blic attention to
my establishment. None finished work
men are in my employ, and o inferior or old
fashioned work will be founln hand.
Arrangements have been ide for receiving I
the best material now in use for completing
Severy style of rmunniig gear, 1y, painting and
trimming, which taste or weej can desire.
All kinds of repairing dorst the shortest
notice to insure neatness an durability. All I
work warranted, with prope rage. " 14
FINE WATCHES, CLOC, JEWELRY,
ALWAYS ON AND, and for
L sale by the subsber, a general
FINE GOLD f'D SILVER'S
WATHES, SPECTACLE &c.
Ladies and Geptlemen's fliSreast Pins,
Ear rings, Finger rings, Sk,
Watch keys, Snaps,
Gold and silver Pencils, withwithoutpens,
Gold Lockets, Thimbles,
German silver Spectacles,
Together with a variety of er fine goods,
warranted to be the articles fm/ich they are
The above stock was selectqn New York
and New Orleans by the subsetr, and is the
largest and most superior evotfered in this
CALL AND EXAINE.
I I WATcHES, CLOCKS, AND JLLRY, repair
s ed and warranted.
t His store is on Brick Row, , door north t
of W. W. Cbapman & Co. 5
a 14 WILT "ADLER. ii
- -- L- 1.
HOME MANUFCTORY O0AGONS,
CARTS, &c. &1
R. RIG ,
CONTINUES hrry on the
WHtEE.WRIGHT ICess in all
of its various branches.
He has on hand a large assortit of sup)e
rior well seasoned, material, and orders for
work will be executed with prtness, and
in a workmankliko manner.
Repairing of all kinds done idiately.
His shop is immediately olppothe stables
of the Union Hotel. a 14
S. LOOMIS, .
Saddle, Bridle, and Harn aker,
I SOLICIT public att~n to my
large stock of ready m ork, and
the fine assortment of Leathers,1jdle, Bri
dle, and Harness Hardware and lings.
With such material on hand, ood and
faithful workmen, I feel assured -ing able
to make and sell at lower rates has ever
been done in Clinton. All I d is to at
tract the attention of customer can suit
Call at my shop and examine4 us get
acquainted, and 1 am certain thdan make
it your interest to address your pts to me.
No humbug about my shop.
NORTH SIDE OF THE RARE
is the best manufactory of the it in the
State. a 14
Gold and Silver Speot ,
I A WELL SELECTED eaperlor as.
X sortment of Gold, s1il 4ud Stoeel
rimmed Spectacles to suit all ages,itantly on
hand, and for sale by
a 14 WM. SADLERk Row.
Publlo Opinion at the North.-ProA .
peots of the South,'
In all the elections that have taker.
place in the Northern States during the
past season, the question of African slave
fry has entered as a controlling element.
No party took very high ground in favol
of the iLstitution. The only issue that any
party dared to make, was, that the people
of the States and Territories had a right
to the exclusive management of the domes.
tic relations of the inha4itants. In nc
single instance was the party successful that
stood upon this platform. So far as thin
argument is concerned, it is not important
to say which party it was that made this
issue with our enemies, nor what claims it
had to public confidence. The startling
fact to which we desire to ,all particular
southern attention, is that in every in
stance, the party that made it was crushed
by popular majorities unequalled in the
previous history of political warfare--that
even in their Gibraltars and Sevastopols,
they were unable to make any zesistance,
but fell before their opponents, like ripe
corn in the path of the hurricane. This
untoward result took place in no one lo
cality-it was nO less unifonrm than it was
universal. In the hills andvalleys of New
Hampshire-in the prairies of Iowa, in the
thronged cities of Massachusetts and New
York, and in the rural hamlets of Pennsyl- 1
vania and Ohio, the almost unanimous voice 1
of the people has rendered a verdict against
the South and her institutions.
Those persons who represent that the 1
virus of Abolition fanaticism is confined to s
particular classes in certain localities, are
therefore, most grossly deceived. The i
plague has infected the whole body of Nor- 4
If the South was disconnected with the I
North, we might view with indifference 1
the ravings of its fanaticism. Connected t
in the close bondsof Federal Union, errors
of opinion at the North ar almost as fatal I
to our peace and prosperty as errors of
opinion at home. Our lawe are based upon
opinion, and the controlling section gives 1
law to the rest of the Union. Now we I
take it that if a general oiection were to I
take place to-morrow, the majority of the
electoral College, the majority of the Uni
ted States Senators, and the nmaority of the
Representatives in Congress would be in t
favor of restricting slavery. We are pro- f
tected from this calamity by those provi
sions of the constitution, which fix the terms r
of office to six, four, and two years. Very I
soon, however, these offices will be vacated. r
and must be filled by men representing the i
popular feeling. If we are right in the E
opinion that the controlling section of the
Union is hostile to Southern rights, then it r
cannot be long befyro the power and pa- v
tronage of the Federal Government will be v
wielded by our enemies. The threatened (:
danger is imminent-the day of battle s
draweth nigh-it is even at the gates. n
In view of these appalling realities, what d
is the South doing to meet the emergency? fi
Nothing, worse than nothing. A large body r
of our most intelligent and active fellow.ci- e
tizens are busily engaged in forming secret 1
societies to guard the Republic against the I
influence of foreign born and Catholic fel- u
low citizens; another large party are deo
nouncing the Democratic party and its pa- r
triotic President, whose chi ef sin, in the e
eyes of our enemies, is his too great friend- d
ship for the South; and the balance of us? F
what are we doing to guard our hearth fi
stones from the untold evils which will flow v.
upon us in the event the abolitionists get I'
control of the Federal Government? Here
and there, it is true, a faithful watchman
sounds a note of alarm, but he is scarcely L
more heeded than lie who, in days of old, a
walked upon the walls of the city and cried a
"Woe, woo to Jerusalem I" Until this fa- 0
tal lethargy is removed, and the Southemn i
people look their danger in the face, there p
is no hope for the South. She is sleeping tl
in the lap of Delilah while her enemies are '
clipping the locks of her strength. God ti
only knows what her resources will be, f
when she hears the appalling cry, "The c4
Philistines be upon thee, Samson."
LOUrsIANA LAND TITLES.--A case recent
ly came before the Land Office for decision
in which the claimants rested their title on
ah Spanish survey. The Board of Commis
sioners recommended the claim, making
that survey a part of the record, and Con
gress confirmed it accordingly. Before the
confirmation, the United States Deputy Sur
veyor had executed a survey somewhat at
variance from that executed by the Spanish
authorities. It has been held that although
the survey was made before confirmation,
yet, it was acquiesced in by the claimants
and not disputed by the' United States for
a quarter of a century, all parties were
stopped from taking exception to it, and it
mnst accordinly be traced,, and adhered to
by the Surveylj depuatment. The princi
ple here recognized of adherence to ancient
urveys, even where there may be a varia.
tlon from the original basis of title, is a
sound one, fnmiliar to the courts and indle
pensable to the quiet and security of land
SThe Administration of Franklin Plrer.
We cannot refer to the administration of
it President Pierce at this period of its exist.
a ence without an expressioh of sincere ap
v proval of its course. Although met at ev
it mry stop of its progress by the most malev
it olent opposition from the combined efforts
0 of every fanatical party, It has triumphed
+ in every issue.
it *The veto of the French spoliation bill
g was met by the people in a proper spirit.
1 They saw in it a determination to maintain
the interests of the country. The Presi
d dent believed these claims were not justly
due; his antecedents were on record against
their payment. The people, with these
;, views on record and still unchanged' by
any subsequent information, raised their
e author to his present position, thus endor
s eing his present public course d action, to
which he had referred them for principles
f which should shape his policy in the evonf
v of election. He therefore, unless subse
e quent events had produced stronger proo
r of the justice of these claims, was bound
to veto the French spoliation bill. After
e the lapse of several months, we believe the
t public sentiment to be fully satisfied withi
the position of the president on this ques
Stion. Few men would have stood firm in
) opposition to the decisive vote on this ques
3 tion in both houses of Congress. Well
o might any man have douited the correctness
of his position when so many master minds
were found in opposition to his opinions.-
e But not so the President, By this veto we
believe these claims have been placed in
I such a position that they will never be paid'
a unless Congress by a two-thirds vote direct I
I them, to be discharged over the veto power
or the people in their sovereign capacity
I elect a President kno~wu to be favorable to
a the settlement thereof. And to Franklin!
Pierce is the republic indebted for retaining
> those millions in the treasury; .
The nonsensical cry of the opposition
p ress about the unpopularity of Ppresident
Pierce is as false and corrupt as is the course
I they have been compelled to pursue to de
- feat the Democratic party. Twice has the
Swhig party "stooped to conquer"--once sac
rificing every honorable principle, but ad
hering to its name- now sacrificing even its
name and all else tiiat marked it as a great
party bound together by strong national
principles. In stooping thus to conquer, it
has lost its existence, and will in future be
pointed to as a thing that was. Thus it
was only by descending to form a union
with the malcontents of the Democracy
(men whose personal aggrandizement was
superior to their patriotism, and who could
not be accommodated with oflice without
detriment to the public interest) and the
factionists of every school, that a tempora
ry triumph, the opposition press attempt to
cry down the popularity of the President.
This they know will gratify thie disaffected.
But they should bear in mind that themneas
urn s of the administration as they develop ihe
wisdom thereof, "are daily vindicating the
President before the people from the falla
cious charges hurled at him with such vin
dictive force. Ere nnother year, we believe
Franklin Pierce will be as strong in the atf
fections of tihe people of this Uinion as lie
was on the day of his inauguration as their
FACTS ABOUT THE UNITED STATES.-ThII
United States of America are composed of
32 States and 9 Territories. They contain
a population of 25,000,000, of whom 21,
000,000 aro white. The extent of sea ceast
is 12,600 miles. The length of the princi
pal rivers is 20,000 miles. ThIe surfice of
the five great lakes is 90,000 square miles.
The number of miles of railway in opera
tion is 20,000, which cost 4600,000,t0J.
The length of canals is 5,000 miles. It
contains the longest railroad on the globe
-the Illinois Central which is 784 miles.
The annual value of its productions is 0200,
000,000. Its most valuable production is
Indian corn, which yields annually 400,000,
000 bushels. The amount of capital inves
ted in manufactures is p600,000,000. The
amount of foreign imports in 1858, was
$267,978,947, and of its exports, $2303071,
167. The annual value of the products of
labor (other than agricultural) is $1,500,
000,000. The annual value of the income
of their inhabitants is $1,000,000,000. The
value of its farms and live stock is $5,000,
000. Its mines of gold, copper, lead and
iron, are among the richest in the world.
The Surface of its coalfiolds is 138,181
it CUst A T8 Pam hD L Uxtoa..-Thirty
to years ago,John Quincy Adams, a Secreta.
:i- ry of State, under Mr. Mauroe, addressed
at an oeficial letter to Mr. Nelson, oar Minis.
a- ter to Spain, In regard to the importance
a of the udstioa of COub, which ought to
a be carelly read at the present time by
d every American citien. It contains a re
markable prediction, whleh seems likely to
be on the eve of fulflment. He mid, that
"in looking forward to the probable course
of events for the short period of bal a cen
t try, it is scarcely po ile to 'resist the
P conviction that the annexation of Cubtto
r- our Federal Republic will be indispensable
-to the initerity and continuance of the
Union itsel" . Under existing eireumstan.
d ces, we can not perfqrm , more valuable
service than to reproduce the following full
II and interesting extract from Mr. Adams'
" 'At D mrxaR oP STATB,
" Washington, April 28, 1828.
Y "In the war between. France and Spain,
t now commencing, other interests, penuliar
e ly ours, will in all probability be deeply in
Y volvced. Whatever may be the issue of this
r war, as between these two European pow
e"t. it may be taken as granted, that the
.dominion of Spain upon the American con
tinen, north and south, is irrecoverably
gone. But the islands of Cuba and Porto
Rico still remain nominally, and so far
really, dependent upon her, that she yet
possesses the power of transferring her
r own dominion over them, together with her
own possession of them to othepr. These
island, from their local position and natural
' appendages to the .N'orth .merican contin nt,
n and one of them, Cula, almost in'ight of cur
Sshores, from a multitude of ccnside raticns, has
become an olfjct of transcendant importance
to the commnrcial and political interests <f ct r
Union. Its commanding position with re
- fcrenco to the Gulf of Mexico and tie
° West India seas; the el aracter of its iol u
I lation; its situation midway between our
southern coast and the island of St. 1)omin
tigo; its safe and capacious hlarLor of thecla
vana, fronting a long line of our shores des
titute of the same advantage; the nnture
of its productions and of its wants, furnish
ing the supplies and needing the returns of
a commerce inmm seoly profitable and auu
tually'@ l1 , IvTt an impor, anrc in the/
sum of our national intrrests uwith uhich that
of no other foreign territory can be compare d,
AND LITTLE INFERIOR TO THAT WHICH HINDS
TIlE T JIFFEIIENT DIEMIERI OF THIS UMON
Such indeed, are between the interests of
that Island and of this country, the geo
graphical, commercial, moral and political
relations, formed by nature, gathering, in
the process of time, and even now verging
to maturity, that, in looking forward to the
probable course of events, for the short pe
riod of half a century, it is scarcely possi
ble to resist the conviction that the annexa
lion of Cuba to our federal republic will be in
dispensable tov he ccntinuanceand integrity of
the Union itself. It is obvious, however,
that for this event we are not yet. prepared.
Numerous and formidable objections to the
extension of our territorial dominions be
yond sea, present themselves to the first con
templations of the sulbject; obstacles to the
system of policy by which alone thatresul't
can be compassed and maintained, are to be
foreseen and surmounted, both at home and
abroad; but tlure are laws o polilcal as well
as physical gravitation; and if an apple sov
cred by the tempest firom its native tree,
e ennot choo e but full to the ground, Cuba
brecil,ly disjoined from its own unnatural
connection with Spain, and incapable of
self-support. can gravitate only towards the
North Amnerican Union, which by the same
law of nature cannot cast hier off from its
TIE VITALITY OF DEMOCnACY.-To such
of the Know-Nothings as have really a se.
rious idea of "prospecting," to use a Cali
fornia j,hrase, we recommend the followinl
for their instructive perusal. It is copied
from the Albany Arguse
"The Know-Nothings constitute theonly
party except the Democratic, which can now
be said to be really 'alive and kicking.'-
But theirs is a kind of spasmodic vitality,
which has no element of life to sadstain it
permanently, and which however lively and
active it may be for a time, must with no
great delay, expire.
"The Democratic party bas the vitality
of full developed, vigorous muohood. It
rests upon principles sound and enduring,
and embracing the whole country in their
scope. It can rally its followers through.
out the length and breadth of the land, an
imated by a common purpose, and co-opera.
ting in support of doctrines equally (her.
ished by all. The. Detroit papers speak
with truth and discernment in denon'inntiig
it the only 'public political orgauization of