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BY G. W. REESE. THE CONSTITUTION.-NTATE RIGHTS. , º °aj ; t,,W f ,
VOL.I CINTON, LA. SATJ1DAY 1W ING, MA 1, 12, 1.
- .. .. .. ,.... _ ,
Tue "FILICIANA DEMOCRAT" will be lb.
ed every WaUnsoAl Ann SA.ImvAY, at THIREE
oiaers or anngm, payable in arvsnod. Two cop
Wilt m ltrnUshed for FIVE DOLLAR,
ADvaIntaUE Inserted at One Dollar per square
W BLVE line or lss,) for the irst laslrtin
4 fAfty cente for se * soguet one.
The Fee for announeing a eadlate fr oae will
TEN Dollars, payablela ndwa.
CARDS, PROFESION'AL, Ao.
on MoVIA, Clinton. Cas, MOVaxA, Jackson.
JOHN & CHARLES McVEA,
Attornies at Law,
a14 CLINTON AND JACM SON, LA.
use WRLS.. . s. UAMI ORD.
WELSH & SAMPORD,
Attornes at Irw,
ILL attend piomptly to all business entrusted
to their care In the Prtlshes of East and West
eliciann, East laton Rouge, and St. Helena.
()llce in Clinton, on the East side of the Public
nare. a 14
W. FERGUS KERNAN,
Attorney and Counsellor at Law,
RACTICES in the Parishes of East and West
Fellolana. a 14
JAMES B. SMITH,
Attorney and Counsellor at Law,
ILL attend business in East and West Feliciana
and St. Helena. a 14
JOHN' M. ROBERTS,
Attorney at Law,
OFFzcE: MAIX STRI.T.
a 14 CLINTON, LA.
BOWMAN & DE LEE,
Attornies and Counsellors at Law,
USINESS entrusted to their care will be prompt
ly attended to.
Revnr..ncscn.--Mesrs. Oakey & Hawkins; J. B,
Blyrne & Co.; New Orleans. a 14
HAYNES & ELLIS,
Attornies and Counsellors at Law,
a 14 CLINTON, LA.
JA4. O. FUQI'A. J. O. KILBOURN.
FUQUA & KILBOURN,
Attornies at Law,
"DR.\CTICE in the courts of East and West Felici
,1 aIn, and St. Helena. a 14
TFI E undtersigned, having entered into partnership
1. in the practice of their profession, will attend to
all business entrusted to them in the parish of East
And, to any business, entrusted to either, in the
Saijacent P'arishes, they will attend separately.
Office in Clinton, La. JAMES Ii, MUSE,
a 14 D. C. HARDEE.
Justice of the Peace k Notary Publio,
IOmcec on the North side of the Public Square.
Notary Publio and Auotioneer.
,TIJILL attend promptly to all business entrusted
V to his care.
OvwuI : North East corner of the Public Square.
DR. F. R. HARVEY,
IIONTINUES the practice of his profemion, and
respectfully tenders his services to the citizens
of Clinton and vicinity. a 14
DI. C. H. PORTER,
ESP.ECTFULLY offers his profiessional services
.0; to the citizens of Clinton, and its vicinity.
lie can always ho found, when not professionally
engaged, at the Drug Store of Wm. Sadler, on Brick
Row. a 14
E. L. HAYGOOD,
Auotioneer,--... linton, La.
PROMPT attention will be given to the sale of
Real Estate and Pernenal Property within the
Parish of East Fellliana. OffIec, In Clinton. a 14
april 14 JACKSON, LA.
OAKEY & HAWKINS,
Factors and General Conlpjisslon Merchants,
No. 90 GRAVIER STREET,
SFG to offer their services to Planters and Mer
). chants, and promise attention and promptness to
all consignments entrusted to their care, a 14
Cotton Factor 8r Commission Merchant,
No. 58 ORAVIER STREET,
a 14 NEW ORLEANS.
R. M. DIALtY. . . .A. TAILARIE.
E. M. DALEY & Co.
Commission k Forwarding Merchants,
AND WHolESAI,I DINALERS IN
67 Tehoupitonlas Street,
,"Liberal advances made on Consitgnents.
FINE WATONE ,,OCLCFI),,W Pti
'~ALWAYSo1N HAND, and,for
p. rale by 'the obacriber , a general
FINE *GOLD; AND SILViE
1es u etle men's ine Breast PI.pr
elf ýlu, 8ý
Gold and sliver Pencils, with or without polep,
Gold Lockets, Thimbles,
German aliver Spectacles,
T9getber with a variety of other fine goods,
warranted to be the artiolesfor uias they are
The above stock was selected in New York
and New Orleans by the subscriber, and is the
largest and most superior ever offered in thi
CALL AND EXAMINE.
W'WATOIES, CLocKS, AND JEWELRY, repair
ed and warranted.
His store is on Brick Row, one door north
of W. W. Chapman & Co.
a 14 WILLIAM SADLER,
HOME MANUFACTORY OF WA
ONS, CARTS, &c. &c.
CONTINUES to carry on the
WHERLWR5IGRT business in ail
of its various branches.
He has on hand a large assortment of supe
rior well seasoned material and all orders for.
work will hbe executed withbpronptness, and
in a workmankliko manner.
Repairing of all kinds done immediately.
His shop is immediately opposite the stables
of the Union Hotel. a 14
Saddle, Bridle, and Harness Maker,
SI SOLIdIT public attention to my
large stock of ready made work, and
the fine assortment of Leathers, Saddle, Bri
dle, and Harness Hardware and Findings.
With such material on hand, and good and
falthfel workmen, I feel assured of being able
to make and sell at lower rates than has ever
been done in Clinton. All I desire is to at
tractthe atteutionof customers. I can suit them.
Call at my shop and examine.let us get
acquainted, and I am certain that I can make
it your interest to address your orders to me.
No humbug about my shop.
NORTH SIDE OF THE SQUARE
is the best manufactory of the kind in the
State. a 14
COACH AND CARRIAGE MAKER,
I STILL oontinue to build all
kinds of Pleasure Carriages, on
the most approved plan, at the old stand, on
the main street, running east from the Public
Thankful for the patrolage a nd public confi
dence extended. I desire to retain and increase
the same, by industry, promltness, fair prices,
and good work, which will be guaranteed to
I am fully prelpared to furnish at short notice,
METALLIC BURIAL CASES,
and WoonsE Co(,rFrSS, on such terms as will
insure me against any charge of extortion, from
a1'Personal attention given on all Burial
a 28 R. BOWMAN.
Carriages & Buggys made and repaired,
BY CHARLES P. JARRETT,
HAVING superior facilities for
the prompt and faithful execution
of a strictly Carriage ad l Buggy making anl
repairing Bausimess, I invite public attention to
my establishment. None but finished work
imen are In my employ, and no inferior or old
fashioned work will be found on hand.
Arrangements have hIen made for receiving
the best material now in use, for completing
every style of running gear, body, painting and
trinmming, which taste or wealth can desire.
Designs for Carriages, Buggys, Sulkys, &c.
on the latest and most fashionable pllns canl he
seen at mly shop. Call and see them.
An assortment of Northera made BI ggys,
always on hand.
All kinds of repairing done at the shortest
notice to insure neatness and durability. All
work warranted, with proper usage.
liMy terms are cash, or apl)proved city .c
FISK'S METALLIC BURIAL CASES.
I have procured the special and exclusive
right of sale, for FIsK's PATENT METAlLIC COF
FINS, for the Parish of East Feliciana. Any
infringement upon my right in the sale of these
cases will subject the violator to prosecution.
Samuel Decker, is my authorized agent, in
Jnekson, for the sale of the same.
Wooden Coffi.a made to order, and every
attention given on Funeral occ(nsions. A fine
Hearse always in readiness.
may 5 C. P. JARREITT.
R~UTU HALL, just received and for slo Iby
LANGWORTTHY & TILDON.
IanpottUV.ý,itnW*ýlN$gh di& 1 Dgslsr ; ,
ONO; _ Lt t" ; ýOODB3,
ý CANAL 8 ýPT O" .
S*. ..tab s t Jewelry casgýlu.repaired. a 14,
0. ? .gMº ] on TJeneas.
t.NeWO Y. b EN,
Druggi sti and Apot oarie,
. Ioo1S ..ND s.TaT 1RY:
WA ' selectd -swit-" of Perfmc
o ry;'soy, antid Faicy Goode.',
Musle ald Muslcal Inetrlme..
PaintA; Oil, Lead, andVa ,
Brushesd'of all kinds,
Fine Cutlery, Rpzo,, and So .
I.See Advertlseonent on fo page.
a14 B1RIZc RO W-7 Iron, LA.
WORMS, M!YEuTER do.
HAVE recently removed from heir old stand,
11 to the store fo6inhily oc pled by M,
BLoox, where they k'ep cousta y on hand, a
complete asaortment of ...
FANCY AND STAPLE,.OO0DS,
SLOTHING, BOOTs, BHO~aBATS, '
HARDWARE, CROCKERY, GROCERIES, &e.
They are now tell situated to offer every
facility in their line of basiness ihd aceommo
date those who may favor them with a call.
a 98 8-y
HARRIS & Da ARMOND,
PROVISION &.GROOIERY Merohants;
IIAVE constantly on hand, iK general ag-'
II sortment of goods usually Ikept in their
line. Possossing superior facilitls, offer in
ducements to purchasers for 0 A 8 H.
airLiberal CASH advances mEdden consign
ments of Cotton, to our MIOAJAn HARRIS,
New Orleans. a 28
MILLS, CLEY ELA-ND, A Co.
Provision ,and Grocery Store
1) ISPECTFULLY inform their friends ant
IiL the trading public, that they have on hand
a large and complete stock of
GROCERIES & PROVISIONS,
together with a well selected assortment of
Dry Goods, Hats, Boots, Shoes, Hardware,
and in fact every article in demand, for Familyi
or Plantation use.
They are prepared to make advances on
Cotton consigned to OAKEY & HAWKINS,
and to afford all the facilities uadal in their
inc of business. a14
JOHN G. ARCHIBALD,
Painttr & Grainer.
OFFERS his services to the citizens of Clin
t ton and surroundingcountry. He will give
particular attention to Zinc Painting, in either
the flat or polished white, or any other that
may be desired.
Any persons wishing his services will apply
at the Drug Store of Messrs. Langwortby &
Tildoen, in Clinton. a 21
1855.] I. N. LEMON. [1855.
Wi(LteMSALiE S ITl'AJJ. DEAIl.Ki IN
Drugs, Medicines, and Chemicals.
TDYE-WOO)DS AN) DYE-STUFFS,
. Oils, Paints, mitd Painters articles; Var
nishes, Windlow Glass, Putty, Glhsswarc,
Perfimncry, Flujnce otp,
hair, tooth, nail, hat, paint, and clothes'
Surgieal and dental Instrnumtents,
Tnrusss and supporters, all kilns,
Patent and proprietary Medicines; all sorts,
Lotter, cap, tm.d fiuny 'lper; Inks,
Pure Medicinal Wines amIl Biradlies,
Field and garden Seeds; fresh,
Toys, Shoe brushes and llacking,
RLazors, fine socket Knives, Talle Cutlery,
Schlool looks by various iuthors.
il offier goods equally is low as they nll
lie olibtainedl froml any similar estallishllent in
this section, all warrianitedi to he
FRESH AND GENUINE.
Onilmrns FaiM THr CotUraRv illed, and satis
faction guaranteed, with regard both to price
PHYSICIAN'S PRESCRIPTIONS will
receive iiiy Ipersoinal alttenition at all honrs of
teh (lay and night. a 14
JOHN R. I DUFROC Q,
GENERAL AGENT & AUCTIONEER,
BATON ROUJGE, LA.
1W/ ILL attend to lposting books, drawing and
collecting accounts, writing leases, deeds,
&c. Also any businless to be transacted with
the ASale GIorernment, rcdeeming -a'duls forfeitg
ed for '"1aes, 4-c.
Orders left with J. 1. Suans, J. 1., will be
ironiptly attended to. a 21
NOTICE OF CO-PARTNEIISML IP.
I'MMA NUEL ROGILLIO beclamre a part.
.i nor inl our Ibuiiiness ill Clinton, oil thle l1th
inistant. The business will hereafter ble con
lducted under the amle andl style of MutLis,
(CcEvIANIi & ('o.
a 21 MILLS & ('LEVELAND.
The London! Th es devotesa slbat tr-ad
er to the new 'oombinationo Know SNot
ings. It pbatrntaee thedi witUielephantine
grace. No sCek bio8l ews ad the orani
tation of thes partly'hti bien ri't ved kd1
this side of the Atlantic in a d .-
Nthin eou'The more aobl. It is
a sign of4e dee of sa enlightened plb
lie opinionin thelXnited States; a asiga al
the more weloome because it comes ata pe.
riod when the old .ystems of Europe are
themselves falling to pioees, with nothpng
to stve thbsm alb rdpblichknisl r6ved
to be a follt or a frN d. flbo tlep or
didl sympathy of the London 'Tines for the
know, nothings. The secrecy of the con
spiracy is its first charm. Secrecy Islthe
soul of absolute power. Seorecy makes
despotism invinelbleto oppress and to dee
troy. From seerecy spring a brood of
bloody and inhuman expedibants. The coup
d'etat was conceived in secret. The otor
to'mnuzle the press was conceived lseea t.
It is in the secrqt recesses of consulting
minisete. and trembling kings that rights
are denied to tie struggling masses of the
Old World, and, denied, too, at the point
of the bayonet. England's long career of
aggression upon other nation'--her seizure
of territory not her own-her interference
in the atfairs of the distant and the nnpro
teeted--is a result of clandestine mtinan
vers. In the Island of Cuba, among the
horrid rites by which despotism aveng4
itself upon those who long for deliverance,
'secrecy is first. The private trial-the in
quisitorial examination--the midnight sen
tence--the unheralded ,ath!-.-these are
the appropriate results of' that fell science
of espionage, by which the whispered thought
is treasured up for the bitter day; the half
breathed hope for rescue written in the book
of doom; and the purest and best condemn.
ed to die while living in the observance o
all their obligations to God and 'man. It
is, indeed, a most propitious thing for the
haters of free institutions, when in a land
of light and of liberty, of public discussions
and equal laws, of popular suffrage and
universal education, secrecy is relied upon
to make a party powerful for evil. Such
a spectacle is worthy of the imperial approv
al of the London Times.
Again, the know nothings are entitled to
English patronage, because they are gov
erned as with a rod of iron, by a chosen
few. lhis monarchical principle is faith
fully copied by the secret party. The de
cree of a small body of leaders, chosen to
dictate to those below them, and empower
ed to demand full obedience, is asfaithfully
observe by their oath-hound followers as
the mandates of the crown and the ministry
are sustained and venerated in the Old
World. Take the conference at Vienna,
where the few chosen agents of a few rulers
chosen, as they vainly lielieve, by the voice
of God to govern the humnan race--and
ihow many millions of lives may depend upon
;the decision of four or five weak and worn
;out old courtiersL Do these half dozen di
ploinats care ifor the poor, down-trodden
masses? 1)o they argue and contend for
popular rights? 1)o they plead for the
Iightoning of the burdens of the heavy la
den ? Alas! no. It is for the few they toil
-for their hereditary masters and mistress
es; and if they fail to agree, those who
would not he oenefited by their concurrence
will be marshalled anew in the array of bat
tle, and fill the earth and startle heaven
with their groans and their sufferings fori
their royal rulers. These am'.th men who
claim to be booted and spurred, to ride
rough-shod, by the grace of God, over the
necks of the people; and of such are the
triumiihs of the rule of the few.
UBt the London Times may well " hark
on " the know nothing movement for ano
ther reason. The all-lpervading equality
among the different religious sects in this
happly country has been a living and con
stant reproach upon the cause of (Chlrch
and State in the E urolpean nations. While
religion is there a matter of statue-a part
of the Governnmentt--and while the people
are there forced to worship their Maker af
ter a prescribed fashion, or are comprlled
to aid in the support of a beliefthey do not
endorse; here there is a patriotic unison
and symnpathy between men of differing
creeds, that constitute one of the glories
and the wonders of our ago, and that, thus
far, have kept intolerance boldly at bay.
ilunman reason, groping through centuries
for the grand secret of combining men
in one political union, and yet allowing
them to seok lHeaven each in his own way,
seems to have been successfil at last, and
successful, toe, in a laId wo, by virtue and
valor firom the grim-spoilers and man-haters
of other days. It is this spectacle which
tey Ot f l.du foot L When t!ey
W th ei~ th fi4ocl nd when they
.y forwocan doubt th a
oiytio n to the ntd t.atshasloog
bea. difficult problem to the Eqropean
ent, At frst they were eager t
o cr v " tol
with teir surplus popuion. Moroe
rcently, however, it appears that emigra
tion to this country not only adds and
strengtheais u but g Jilyw eakewn and
oxperioece in. the New jouid, which tel dil
the oppressed what a. iel opened to.
them here. For the.ret pltme, Great Brit
ain, when sJy turns to her people foraidin
her strugglp with other powqrs, 8nds that
they do not and cannot respond Emigra
tion has decimated her resources, and much
that was loft has becn wasted by misgov
ernment and discontent. She canuot fill
her tbinninog ranks with Englilh heart,
rd she aends to othe~, labds to beg and
biy her rooe. .u chlreiae of the tcach- .
ings of e.p ieneo; smad such sole of thea
causes thy England is glatd to fid o strong
an ally in her hostility to uemigration as
those ntl, ho declare that only "Amrigras
shall rule AFoeriat Brit
shall"i rule America."
It is amusing however to see a ijournal
like the London Times echoing the know
nothing cry against the "old leaders." The
war recontly .opened by that print upon the
leaders in Great Britain was a war upon
notorqus " incapables; " not so much, indeed
upon those who were old as upon those who
were incompetent, untrustworthy, and unwit,
The Times assailed the scions of the nobill
ity, the sons of aristocratic families, and
the exclusive spirit that shuts out the mid
dling classes. " The cool shade of aristoera
cy," said the Times, "is over all." But what
possible similarity is there betwoeen the so
called old loaders of the democratic party
in the United States, against whom the
Times and the know nothings have united,
and the padded peers, o.piuiay ministers,
coxcomb statesmen, and perlinmed heroes,
that are fastened like so many leeches upon
the people of England ? There is scarcely
a loading intellect in the democratic party
of this country who has not carved out his
own destiny, and who has not risen to dis
tinction by the display of those command
ing talents and that executiveability which
as all past and present experience shows,
have established the democratic party as
the only party fitted to govern this coultry
according to the true lrinciples of the con
stitution. That the London Times should
hate these leading minds in natural.
They are the men who have resisted foreign
aggression, who have sustained the nation's
honor at all hazard, who have never in the
darkest hour qunailed before any exigency
in which sound principles were imperilled
and involved, and who have contended
against fanaticism of every hue, from the
aboliton spirit that assails our Union from
Exeter Hall to Jhe intolerance that gathers
vengeance from the bloody records of Eu
ropean proscription, We can readily im
agine the anxiety of the Times to see these
"old leaders" put down; but what a dit
honorable and mean-spirited epoctacle it:ia
to see that great paper denquncing the "ina
apsables " that crush and mislead the Eag
lish people, and at the sumw time asking
elevation to station of the know nothings.
who are, indeed, the " incapableos" of the
United States? Even if we give it credit
for sincerity in its demand for real talent
in Great Britain, what must the just reader
think of its clamors for mediocrity, igno'
rance anld inexperience in the councils .o
the U id States ? Could more hostility
go any soir?
Tho '~nes is, moreover, grossly iuistaken
in supposing that know nothingsm has ig
nored abolitionism or anti-slavery. On the
contraiy; up to this period every subftan
tial know nothing victory has been'an abo
lition victory. Exetsitely " Aririedn,"