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THE FELICIANA DEMOCRAT.
BY G. W. REESE. THE CONSTITUTION.--STATE RIGHTS. TERMS: -. . .
VOL. I. CLINTON, LA. SATURDAY MORNING, JULY 14, 1855. l. 1X4,a
_.... . . .. - . .. . . . .. .n... ... .,,I ... ..... .... .. . . . . ,,... .... .. III . . b li.. a ilninm n nn '. [,l, .,,).
Tea "FELICIANA DEMOCRAT" will be pub
lshbed every WuDNUDAT AND HATURDT, at THREE
Dollars per annum, payable in advance. Two cop
ls will be urnished for FIVE DOLLARS.
AovrasTmrrssa Inserted at One Dollar per square
(TWEL VE lines or lees,) for the first Insertion,
rad fty nents for each subsequent one.
The Fee for announcing a candidate for ofoe will
be TEN Dollars, payable In advance.
CARDS, PROFESSI@NAL, &c.
JonK CYoVA, Clinton. Cass. McVuA, Jackson.
JOHN & CHARLES McVEA,
Attornies at Law,
CLINTON & JACKSON. LA.
W. FERGUS KERNAN,
Attorney & oounsellor at Law,
ILACTICES In the Parishes of East and West
Felicians. a 14
JAMES B. SMITH,
Attorney and Couunellor at Law,
WJILL attend business in East and West Fellolana
Sand St. lelena. a 14
JOHN M. ROBERTS,
Attorney at Law,
Ornrc: MAIN STRaTr.
BOWMAN & DE LEE,
Attornies and Counsellors at Law,
DUSINESS entrusted to their care will be prompt
ly attended to.
RtravauNcue.-Mes.rs. Oakey & Hawkins; J. B,
Byrne & Co.; New Orleans. a 14
IHAYNES & ELLIS,
Attornies and Couunsellors at Law,
JAS. O. FUQUA. J. 0. KILIBOURN.
FUQUA & KILBOURN,
Attornies at Law,
PRACTICE in the courts of East and West Felici
ana, and St. HeleDo. a 14
Attorney and Counsellor at Law.
TIHE underslgned, havinlg entered into partnership
I in the practice of their profession, will attend to
all business entrusted to them in the parish of East
And, to any business, entrusted to either, in the
adjacent Parishes, they will attend separately.
Ofice in Clinton, La. JAMIES IH, MUSE,
a 14 D. C. IIARDEE.
D. B3. SAMFORD,
Attorney and Counsellor at Law,
W.ILL attend to any professional business entrust
ed to him in East and West Felicana, East
Baton Rouge,, and St. Helena Parlishes. je9
Justioe of the Peaoe & Notary Publioc
Office on the North side of the Public Square.
Notary Publio and Auotioneer.
W ILL attend promptly to all bueiness entrusted
to his care.
Ovrvc : North East corner of the Public Sqnnre.
DR. F. R. HARVEY,
C ONTINUES the practice of his profession, and
Srespectfully tenders hie services to the citizens
of Clinton and viciuity. a 14
DR. C. U. PORTER,
S SEPI'ECTFULLY offers his professional services
Sto the citizens of Clinton, and its vicinity.
He can always be found, when not professionally
engaged, at the Drug Store of Win. Sadler, on Brick
Row. a 14
E. L. HAYGOOD,
PnOMPIT attention will be given to the sale of
SReal Estate and Personal Property within the
Parish of East Feliolana. Office, In Clinton. a 14
spril 14 JACKSON, LA.
OAKEY & HAWKINS,
Factors and General Commission Merchants,
No. 90 GRAVIER STREET,
BEG to offer their services to Planters and Mer
chants, and promise attention and promptness to
all consignments entrusted to their care. a 14
Cotton Faotor k Commisuion Merohant,
No. 58 GRAVIER STREET,
3. 3. DALT.. . E. A. TALLARIJ .
E. M. DALEY & Co.
Comm1aduon k Forwarding Merohants,
AND WHOLEBALE DEALERS IN
67 Tohoupitoulsu Street,
INE WATCHES, CLOCKS, JEWELRY,
ALWAYS ON HAND, and for
sale by the subscriber, a general
FINE GOLD AND SILVER
WA"T~E8, SPECTACLES, &c.
Ladies and Gentlemen's fine Breast Pins,
Ear rings, Finger rings, Studs,
Watch keys, Snaps,
Gold and silver Pencils, withor without pens,
Gold Lockete, Thimbles,
German silver Spectacles,
Together with a variety of other fine goods,
warranted to be the articles for which they are
The above stock was selected in New York
and New Orleans by the subscriber, and is the
largest and most superior ever offered in thi
CALL AND EXAMINE.
IW ATcHES, CLOCKS, AND JEWELRY, repair
ed and warranted.
His store is on Brick Row, one door north
of W. W. Cbapman & Co.
a 14 WITLIAM SADLER.
HOME MANUFACTORY OF WAG
ONS, CARTS, &c. &c.
CONTINUES to carry on the
WIIEELWRIOr T business in all
of its various branches.
He has on hand a large assortment of supe
rior well seasoned material, and all orders for
work will be executed with promptness, and
in a workmanklika manner.
Repairing of all kinds done immediately.
His shop is immediately opposite the stables
of the Union Hotel. a 14
I HAVE engaged a competent work
" man, and will personally see that all
wood work done by me is properly iron
ed. All orders for Blahksmith work will hbe
promptly attended to and faithfully executed.
BrGIzEs, on hand and for sale.
Jo 9 RICHARD RIGBY.
COACH AND CARRIAGE MAKER,
I STILL onutinue to build all
kinds of 'leasure Carriages, on
the most approved plan, at the old stand, on
the main street, runuing cast from the Public
Thankful for the patronage and public confi
dence extended. I desire to retain and increase
the same, by industry, promlptess, falir prices,
and good work, which will be guaranteed to
I am fully prepared to furnish at short notice,
METALLIC BURIAL CASES,
and WOODEN COFFINS, ou such terms as will
insure me against any charge of extortion, from
a-iPersonal attention given on all Burial
a 28 R. BOWMAN.
Carriages & Buggys made and repaired,
BY CHARLES P. JARRETT,
SIAVING superior facilities for
the prnzpt and faithful execution
of a strictly Carriage and Buggy ~naking and
repairing Business, 1 invite public attention to
my establishment. None but finished work
men are in my employ, and no inferior or old
fashioned work will be found on hand.
Arrangements have been made for receiving
the best material now in use, for completing
every style of running gear, body, painting and
trimming, which taste or wealth can desire.
Designs for Carriages, Buggys, Sulkys, &c.
on the latest and most fashionable plnns can be
seen at my shop. Call and see them.
An assortment of Northern made Buggys,
always on hand.
All kinds of repairing done at the shortest
notice to insure neatness and durability. All
work warranted, with proper usage.
IgpMy terms are cash, or approved city ac
FISK'S METALLIC BURIAL CASES.
I have procured the special and exclusive
right of sale, for FIsK's PATENT METALLIC COF
FINS, for the Parish of East Felictana. Any
infringement upon my right in the sale of these
cases will subject the violator to prosecution.
Samuel Decker, is my authorized agent, in
Jackson, for the sale of the same.
Wooden Coffins made to order, and every
attention given on Funeral occasions. A fine
Hearse always in readiness.
may 5 C. P. JARRETT.
W. W. CHAPMAN & Co.
Importers and Dealers in Hardware,
CUTLERY, IRON, NAILB. CASTINGS,
Boots, Shoes, Saddllry, Trunks, and Plantation
EAST SIDE PUBLIC SQUARE,-CLINTON, LA.
H AVE a full and complete assortment ef
every thing in their line. Their old custo
mers and the public in general are requested
to call. apri 18
SILVER SPOONS, tea and table, just rcelved by
je t NAUMAN & STRAUSS.
tý $tlitiana tmacrat.
REMARKS OF COL. SANDIDGE.
Col. JOHN M. SANDIDOo having been
declared the unanimous choice of the Dele
gates, of the Democratic Convention held
at Alexandria on the 25th ult.,.to nominate
a candidate to represent the Fourth Con
gressional District in Congress, upon being
presented to the Convention, addressed
that honorable body in substance as follows;
Mr. Chairman and gentlemen of the Con
vention:-Those who have looked into the
wells of human fooling, and noted the mov
ing of their waters, may estimate my emo
tions at receiving from you this honorable
testimonial of your regard and esteem.
To be at any time selected as the stan
dard-bearer of the good old Democratic
Cause, is an honor to be prized by themost
ambitious and aspiring; but when such a
selection is made under circnmstances and
at a time when success may appear to ,be
involved in doubt, the evidence of approba
tion is most flattering and conclusivp. So
long accustomed to triumph, the labors of
Democratic Conventions have heretofore
been matters of secondary consideration,
as their ratification by the mass of our breth
ren has almost invariably followed; but
there are periods in the history of parties,
as of individuals, when confidence has addi
tional value, and should be cherished by the
recipient as a gift not to be estimated by
ordinary and evanescent considerations.
The responsibility that will attach to your
present actiou, gentlemen, must Ibe divided.
You have done what doubtless appeared
to yon to bIe proper, and it remains for mie,
humble as I am, to strain every nerve and
bend every cneigy of mind and body that
I may possess, to make good the work you
have commenced and entrusted to my hands.
It was a wise saying of a shrewd observer
of human action, that the man who is good
atmaking promises is fit for nothing else;
and you must pardon ine if I am sparing of
them. I will make but one, and redeem that
if God spares my life. 1 will canvass tlhis
Congressional District thoroughl$ in its
lenglth and brcadth, and what ever indus.
tryv can accomplish miay hie counnted 1pon.
I fully comprehend the fact that hard work
is to be performed by all, anti that this is
not the time for sunulner soldiers, or the cx
hibition of that 'unmanly indiffeTrence
which courts defeat and receives it, without
deserving the regard of any one who takes
a proper view of the duties and responsi
bilities of candidates chosen by a great Par
ty; which holds them to a rigid accounta
bility for their acts of omission and com
mission. Rest assured, gentlemen, that
whatever fate may betide me-whether vic
torious or defeated--my skirts shall be
clear of such supineness and neglect. If
1 fall, it will be when the lastshot hashecen
fired, and I am overwhelmed by adverse
circumstances yet in the wombi of time.
Gentlemen you have met and concluded
your deliberations under a strange, may I
not say an extraordinary aspect of natioiml
affairs. When vour predecessors assembl,led
in this hospitable town, and ntominiated fin.
Congress a most worthy citizetn of i)ty neigh
boring Parish, Caddo, the skies were bright,
and the prospect cheering indeedl. The
Reprllie had passed through a fliery ordeal,
and the chains that binds these States to
gether in a confederacy for mutual hoinefits
and mutual sacrifices, appeared to be bright
er and more valuible from the experimcnt
to which it had been subjected. '1 he Conm
promise measures, whether good or Iad
and discussion of them now were useless
had the appearance ofra Finality. The stor
my waves of faction seemed to have subsi
ded; the fell spirit of fanaticisn, never eon
tirely eradicated, was crushed and silent;
the rights of the South had been asserted
and maintained, not, it is true, without con
siderable effort, but the result, if not entire
ly satisfactory, was acquiesced in by the
States forming the Southern division of our
country, and having peecnliar domestic in
stitutions. It appeared to be decreed that
this happy condition of things should be
illusory, and that the calm in the political
elements at the time was but the precursor
of a gale which we have since encounter
ed, and which is now raging in the North
ern section of the Republic. Your able
Representative had not been warm in his
seat in the national capital, before the in
fernal fanatical agitation was renewed, and
those who are parties to the Federal com
pact made in good faith, set about " calcula
ting" its value as they would a yard of low
ell's, a New Haven clock, or a barrel of
Thomaston lime. Had their base deser
tion of Principle and disloyalty to the Un
ion stopped here, the South might have
looked on the humiliating spectacle with
silent contempt, aware of her own rights
and conscious of her ability to defend them;
but in a very short time the distinct posea
tion of things was apparent, palpable.
The warfare upon the South was renewed
with increased Intenseness and fury, and
the hellhoundaof faction were again turned
loose, seemingly with no other purpose than
to force to desperation our citizens, and comrn
piel them to contemplate events at whichr
the patriot must shudder and the friend of
human liberty bow his head in despair.
Need I refer to these things? Need I tell
you that all this insult and contumely was
the result of the assertion of a constitu
tional right in the legislation for torrito
rial government, and that this simple asser
tion called forth an open and avowed hos
tility of the Constitution and its compro
mises? Need I repeat to you that there
has been and is now in the North, an or
ganized resistance to this fundamental law,
and that measure passed, as it were, but
yesterday securing us the possesion of our
F'ugitive Slave property by means more
practical than those enumerated in that
instrument are threatened with repeal, this
mad scheme embracing the abolition of
slavery not only in the District of Colum
bia but in the States which recognize it?
Need I say toyou that Senators of the Uui
ted States, have risen in their seats, and
proclaimed to the world that they do not
recognize as binding and ohligatory the pro
visioni of this instrument which they have
sworn to supi)ort; that in that once august
body where formerly not more than one
or two traitors to the Union could be found,
there are now a large number; that, aided
and comforted by a secret political organ
ization to which I shall presently allude, the
other branch of the national legislature may
he said to be under their control; that
there has been distinct nullification of stat
ute nlaws by two or three States; that an
upright Judge has been cut down and de
privcd of the ineermine for heeding his oath
of oflice and carrying out the laws of the
land; in a word, that every species of insult
has been offered to the South, and that
those most disposed to think and speak
lightly of these atrocities are now serious
and look upon the perpetuity of this Union
of States aus problematical? No, no. All
these things you know. The history is
plain-too lnain and direct, indeed; and
whilt I nI not a an alarmist or have the
slightest disposition to indulge in fearful
forchodings as to what fate may have in
store for us, I must and will say to my fel
low citizens in this District and through
out Louisiana, that a crisis is not approach
ing but is at h]and, which is to test whether
the original compact signed and ratilled by
partners in all respects equal, is to be sus
tained or annulled. We cannot shut our
eyes to this fact, much as we might desire
to do so, nor to the no less significant truth
thant it is our duty asmin worthy liberty and
a glorious ancestry to meet the impending
struggle firmly and boldly. Should I be
houored by the suffrages of those you rep
resent with a voice in the national councils,
it shall be raised, feeble as it is, in vindi
catlion of rights now threatened, and it will
be my duty, as it will he my pleasure, to
join my efforts with those true friends of
the Soulth who will resist to the last extrem
ity any interference with those rights, no
matter what the sacrifceo may be; folr, with
nations, as with individuals, death is prcf]
oral le to dishonor. Cherishing the bond
of Union as we receive it from the fitthers
of the Republic, we should so shape 9ur
action that weomay be prepared and united
for the worst lhat may overtake us and be
found in the dark tiour battling not against
that bond, but in support of' it while it is
capable of being sustained, and abandoning
it only when it ceases to be operative for
the end which called it into existence.
In regard to our Principles as a party,
it is not necessary that I should say a word
or reiterate miy attaclinient to, or unsha
ken contilence in them. Unlike the chain
cleon phases of our opponents, they know
no change. They are the same to day that
they were half a century ago, and will be
the same through all conang time, based as
they are, upon those eternal truths upon
which a Republican form of Govermonent
must stand or fall. They will be found in
the writings of all the great Apostles of
Democracy, and in the practical working
of our government under Democratic Rule.
In a word, they are embraced in the Bal
tinmore Platform, and are not susceptible
of change in stringency, tone, or com
prehensiveness, unless such change, dictated
by3' future events and referringmerely to en
larged details, shall correspond with their
genuine spirit and all-powerful influence.
T'here is one point, however, that has over
been open to free and ?rank discussion, and
upon which I desire that I may be distinct
ly understood. I allude to Internal Im
provements by the General and State Gev
Prom the periaed of the veto
villo Road Bill by Preeidest J
two political peioe of this sao.p .i
oceapied, at st Tgroad upon t ,
important ;º onta the. Ohl.latim
ing that it wasthe .ly h eldaL,.1.
ernment to foster. terpliapWr w,
ments of a purely lo t , bLar g
no direct refer e lJaýtaes
ofcommerOcei d tion
and the oth..ter, , tbe
right of tihe FGIe> oS.deil a ti !
treasure colleoted from alie :a
to all for local *mM
asserting the proprle aad
making such expeladl.. y
of a positve or trelative lN...ulmt h a,
The great difficulty of detera lib
were or what play be considered buwn
ments of such a character, has beam the,
iheme of much discussion, and hoa:-domb+ i
less rendered It Impossible to sanoteae l.:
special language a Axed prindipbnla.i
to the matter; but it bas, beena cem d ,
that money may bhe proptrly: ezpbda d b .
the general goverumenta for inlioVemiats
that promise general good, and come with,
in the province of a system which, by nal.
ty of purpose and action, looks to, the ad,.
vaneement of the whole country through a
series of extended operations. afordigi
common benefit to the ,tiLzens of all the
states. This view I adept, and I bartlf
approve of the priniple hel by Mr.1 .
houn and otherable StatesIght advoaet s,
that the Mississippi and its trlbs a tlte
within the system which shotddaleoae}i
Federal aid and encouragement. Travef.
ing the largest and richest portion of tLhe
confederacy, and bearing upon its ample
bosom the commnunrere of a world, it wern
hard to conceive any more proper work of
internal improvement, than itswants afford;
and this is equally true as applied tb th se
tributaries of the Father of Watersd eoh'
)enefit a nunmber of States direetly,;d'i
the citizens of tihe country indirectly, *hetth
or we look in their Improvements tb in
creased facilities of navigation and transit,
or the ends of national defehcq. '
Among those tributhtare nonb i fd'
more important than Red' River, the Ouadh
its, Black and Little Rivers, anid their
branches and kindred streams. They pen
etrate a country upon which Nature has
lavished her richest gifts, leaving little to
be done by man to secure those r'are'
but if we may take the past for a ci'itori,
quite suffllicient for, if not beyond openit g
a record for failures upon which cerly iet
make entries; and instead of d4cmhhdlhng
our share of the Federal treasure, or 4 por
tion of it, at least, whilst millions ato poas
ing annually into the hands oft the mogr
active and energetic citizens or' nttitbi -
tions, we have looked on with f¢ ldd'ti
merely spectators of a divisilmi in which I
might be supposed we had neither lot nor
part. Few, save dreamy tlheorists, will ziot
admit that this course, , so clearly wrong
and suicidal should be abandoned, a
ergetic action take its place. It iq farl
as has been charged by our opponepts,th4
the democratic party is opposed to Interna
Improvements when they are of the olpr
actor to which I have alluded. So ftrfrom
this, we defend and sustain them as corrpet
in principle and wise in practice.
I speak not only for myself, but give. ut
terance to the principles of our party as I1
understand them, when I unhesitatinglyt41
clare that if elected, I will leave no means
untried to obtain such legitimate aid from
the general government as will assist in re
lieving us of the evils which are now parar
lyzing our industry, whether it be in alter
nate sections of land for Rail Road purpo
ses, or the removal of obstructions in our
river which is the outlet for a large I.t
of the commerce of three States,
Hlghway to our military posts on the,Tex
an frontier. I may not be more fortunaite
if opportunity offers than others, who de
serve our esteem, but in the language of the
gallant Miller-" I will try." It fortunate
ly happens that this is peculiarly the time
for reflection upon this momentous subjept,
and you are peculiarly the men upon pWhQ
such reflections should have a gove.ni tg
influence. The tale ef the sufferiag .f thb
people of the nsth-west in consequence of
having neither navigation nor any general
line of communication with the Mi0sieippi,
is terrible, indeed l You and those you
represent, are but too familiar with this
wide-spread and most poignant distree.
and I feel convinced that you will agree
with me in two thing--first, that more
money has been lost to the planting iutgr
est by the evilgnamed than would remove
them; aud, second-that it is a duty to ou
selves and our families to unite ~ordially
and with a fixed determination to secure
such assistance for our relief as is costitu
tional, and in accordance with the praetile