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THE FELICIANA DEMOR
BY G. W. REESE THE CONSTITUTION.-STATE RIGHT., A TR .
OL I. CLINTON, LA. SATURDAY MORNING, 1LY 1,, 45$." 1/ "1. N1
Tae "FELICIANPA DEMOCRAT" will be puob
Ilshed every WsDtrsDAY AND SAURDAm , at THREE
Dollars per annum, payable In advaneo. Two cop.
es w;ll be faralshed for FIVE DOLLARS.
ADovsrrTs namn lnserted at One Dollar per eqaru
(TWELVB lies or less,) for the first insertion,
and rity cents for each subsequent one.
The Fee or announolng a candildate for ofico will
be TEN Dollars, payableln advance.
CARDS, PROFESSIONAL, &c.
Jolan McVa, Clinton. Ceas. McVYA, Jackson.
JOHN & CHARLES McVEA,
Attornies at Law,
CLINTON & JACKSON. LA.
W. FERGUS KERNAN,
Attorney & counsellor at Law,
PRACTICES in the Parishes of East and West
Feliaolna. a 14
JAMES B. SMITH,
Attorney and Counsellor at Law,
CIINO N, LA.
GTILL attend business in East and Weat Felician
aV and t. Heleus. a 14
JOHN M. ROBERTS,
Attorney at Law,
Orr.ce: Ml. Srnar.
BOWMAN & DE LEE,
&tterais m n Cd r usellrs at Law,
1USINMBS entrusted to their care will be prompt.
ly attended to.
Rr.r.xaucss.-Meosrs. Oakey & Hawkins; J. B,
-yrne & Co.; New Orleans. a 14
HAYNES & ELLIS,
Attornies and Coansellors at Law,
JAs. o. rUQrA. J. 0. KILBOtRN
FUQUA & KILBOURN,
Attornies at Law,
PRACTICE In the courts of East and West Fellel
ana, and St. Helen. a 14
Attorney and Counselkr at Law.
TIe undersigned, havingoentred into partnership
in the practice or their profession, will attend to
all tbusiness entrusted to them In the parish of East
And, to anM business, entrusted to either, in the
asjacent Parishes, they will attend separately.
Ottce in Clinton, La. JAMES II, MIUSE,
.a 14 D. C. IIARDEE.
D. B. SAMFORD,
Attorney and Counmellor at Law,
tIIL attend to any professional asiness entlrust
ed to him in East and West Felleoanu, East
Baton Rouge, and St. HIleona Parlshes. jet
Justice of the Peace & Notary Public,
Omffice on the North side of the 'Pulic Square.
Notary Publio and Auctioneer.
W ILL attend promptly to all business entrusted
to his care.
Orvrcs: North East corner of the Public Sqnare.
DR. F. R. HARVEY,
C1ONTINUES the practice of his profession, and
Srespectfully tenuders his services to the citizens
of Clinton and vicinity, a 14
DR. C. H. PORTER,
, ESPECTFULLY offers his professlonal services
to the citizens of Clinton, and its vicinity.
lie can always be found, when not professionally
engaged, at the Drug Store of Was. Sadler, on Blck
Row. a 14
E. L. HAYGOOD,
PROMPT attention will be given to the sale of
Real Estate and Personal Property within the
l'arlsh of East Feliciana. Office, in Clinton, a 14
april 14 JACKSON, LA.
OAKEY & HAWKINS,
Factors and General Commission Merchants,
No. 90 GRAVIER STREET,
BEG to offer their services to Planters and Mer
chants, and promise attention and promptness to
all consignments entrusted to their care. a 14
Cotton Factor & Commission Merohant,
No. 58 GRAVIER STREET,
n. M. DALIT. E. E. A. TALIAISE.
E. M. DALEY & Co.
CommissIon & Forwarding Merchants,
AND WHOLESALE DEALERS IN
87 Toboupltoulas Street,
FINE WATCHES, OLOCKS, JEWELRY,
ALWAYS ON HAND, and for
sale by the subscriber, a general
O ESFINE GOLD AND SILVER
WA--ES, SPECTACLES, &c.
Ladies and Gentlemen's fine Breast Pins,
Ear rings, Finger rings, Studs,
Watch keys, Snaps,
Gold and silver Pencils, with or without pens,
Gold Lockets, Thimbles,
German sliver Spectacles,
Together with a variety of other fine goods,
warranted to be the articles for which tAey are
The above stock was selected in New York
and New Orleans by the subscriber, and is the
largest and most superior ever offered in thi
CALL AND EXAMINE.
8~WATrcIIE, CLocKS, AND JaEWLRu, repair
ed and warranted.
His store is on Brick Row, one door north
of W. W. Chapmnan & Co.
a 14 WILLIAM SADLER.
HOME MANUFACTORY OF WAG
ONS, CARTS, &o. &c.
.R. RI . Cl 1B TY,
CONTINUES to carry on the
W W srLwaIomr business in all
of its various branches.
He has on hand a large assortment of spe
rior well seasoned material, and all orders for
work will be executed with promptness, and
in a workmanklike manner.
Repairing of all kinds done Immediately.
His shop is immediately oPposite the stables
of the Union nnhtel 1A
I HAVE engaged a competent work
man, and will personally see that all 0
wood work done by me is properly iron
ed. All orders for Blacksmith work will be
promptly attended to and faithfully executcd.
Buoomes, on hand and for sale.
je 9 RICHARD RIOBY.
COACH AND CARRIAGE MAKER,
I STILL oontinue to build all
kinds of Pleasure Carriages, on
the most approved plan, at the old stand, on
the main street, running east from the Public
Thankful for the patronage and public confi
dence extended. I desire to retain and increase
the same, by industry, promptness, fair prices,
and good work, which will be guaranteed to
I am fully prepared to furnish at short notice,
METALLIC BURIAL CASES,
and WOODEN CoFFIxs, on such terms as will
insure me ngainst any charge of extortion, from
i'Personal attention given on all Burial
a 28 R. BOWMAN.
Carriages & Buggys made and repaired,
BY CHARLES P. JARRETT,
H AVING superior facilities for
the prompt and faithful execution
of a strictly Carriage and Buggy makling and
repairing Business, I invite public attention to
my establishment. None but finished work
men are in my employ, and no inferior or old
fashioned work will be found on hand.
Arrangements have been made for receiving
the best material now in use, for completing
every style of running gear, body, painting and
trimming, which taste or wealth can desire.
Designs forCarriages, Buggys, Sulkys, &c.
on the latest and most fashionable plnns can be
seen at my shop. Call and see them.
An assortment of Northern made Buggys,
always on hand.
All kinds of repairing done at the shortest
notice to insure neatness and durability. All
work warranted, with proper usage.
SW-My terms are cash, or approved city ac
FISK'S METALLIC BURIAL CASES.
I have procured the special and exclusive
right of sale, for FIBK's PATINT METALLIC Cor
FNss, for the Parish of East Feliciana. Any
infringement upon my right in the sale of these
cases will subject the violator to prosecution.
Samuel Decker, is my authorized agent, in
Jackson, for the sale of the-same.
Wooden Coffins made to order, and every
attention given on Funeral occasions. A fine
Hearse always in readiness.
may 5 C. P. JARRETT.
WV. W. CHAPMAN & Co.
Importers and Dealers in Hardware,
CUTLERY, IRON, NAILS. CASTINGS,
Boots, Shoos, Saddlery, Trunks, and Plantation
EAST siag PUBLIC SQUAIRE,-CLINTON, LA.
HIAVE a full and complete assortment of
every thing in their line. Their old custo.
mers and the public in general are requested
to call. april 8
IVI tR SPOONFS, tea and tnhle, jtiIt received by
je 0 NAUMAN & STRAUSS.
SRIGHTS OF NATURALIZEID OTI'
National rights accrue in v'rious ways,
but the common ultimatum through which
they arise in any important instance of
national disagreement, is the institution of
war. All national organizationsare prin.
cipally indebted to its influence for those
radical rights which constitutertheir sover
eignty. Accordingly, our revolutionary
straggle settled upon our forefathers those
rights for which they so nobly contended,
and which was the issue in that metnora
They fought the battles of the conn'tr,
and couquered, and to them, and them alone,
belong the honors and possessions of the
contest. But at the close of the war of the
revolution,'even then, the territory compris.
ed within our boundary, was an extensive
and comparatively unoccupied domain,
reaching fromthe great American Lakes on
the North, to the St. Mary's on the South,
andtho Atlantic to the Mississippi East and
West. To subdue this vast wilderness at
an early period, this was one of the first
objects of our ancestors, and an acccession
of numbers was therefore sought by means
of the naturalization of foreigners, as the
only practicable plan through which such
a result could be accomplished. It became
necessary for this pnrpose, in their estima.
tion, to enjoy their hard earned rights in
common with a foreign population, and at
an early period in the history of our gov
ernment, fundamental and statutary regula
tions were made, conferring upon aliens all
the rights and immunities of an American
citizen. Such being the fact, it is not easy
to perceive that there is any difference be
tween the rights of a native and foreign
But the exact nature and extent of the
rights of a naturalized citizen, after having
conformed to the laws upon the subject of
aliens, is after all, a proper theme for the
study and reflection of a class of persons
who, unwittingly perhaps, would commit
an outrage upon the rirhts ir nri. h.
It is believed that there is no substantial
ground upon which to base the conclusion
that their rights are in any manner inferior
to our own. It probably never entered the I
minds of the lawmakers to confer upon them
a moiety of rights; and the attempt to do
so has never been made in issuing their cer
tificates of citizenship by any court having
jurisdiction in such cases. there is a set
of politicians who are trying to enforce the
doctrine that the [naturalization of aliens
is a subject belonging to the States, inde
pendent of the federal government; and if
laws have been passed by any State under
the same belief, it is not at all improbable
that they may in some small degree trench
upon that liberal scale of rights contempla- t
ted by the Constitution of the United
States, and the statute laws passed under
it. But it is not believed that any State
has yet assumed so much power, and, fur
ther, such an assumption would be entirely
unconstitutional. Therefore, it is deemed
quite safe to regard Congress as the only
party having legitimate authority to legis
late upon this subject, and all court records
in relation to this subject, existing by vir
tue of its enactments, are uniform in main
taining an equality of rights.
Viewing the subject in such a light, there
is but little if any reason, for the indulgence I
in that malignity, recrimination and pro
scription of persons. Why are discrimina
tions sought to be made prejudieal to their
rights and repulsive to their feelings? Is
it because they hold peculiar religious ten
ets, contrary to the more common Protes
taut faith, generally believed throughout the
country? If so, let their persecutors go and
read one of the wisest provisions contained
in our Constitution, or that of any other
country which refuses to identify the Church
with the State. Will they dispute its wis
dom? It is the opinion of the greatest men a
that have ever lived in this country, that it i
is one of the brightest evidences of consum
mate statemanship bequeathed to us by our I
forefathers. -Would they still, under the I
influence of an irascible hatred and intoler- c
ant bigotry, desire to obliterate it? Let i
them proceed in a legitimate manner to. c
wards their object, and when they have
accomplished it in a fair way, it is time
enough to deprive their neighbors of its
The position which ourgovernmentholds I
is, that a citizen may hold that religious
bclief most agreeable to his conscience; and
it is aprinciple worthy ofimitation amongt
individuals. To cherish a respect for tmhe
sentiments ofyour neighbor is no more than
you clahim from him in return, and no morei
in fact than is onjoined by precept in the -
The Old Democratic t~est.-`"Is he ..pa
blo, is Mbonest?"--Is as dWtnt and m*i.
p ao asm when Brt taughltby the
thert of our government; an' CT.Faith.
date for .o UAA iflcntion
it matierd 't F~ t' ' el p 'in r co r,
to those satmtes huttimsl iHrebitw t tdthe
duties inet ent fit Mm in' lacb y
lie trust, er where he was borie; rfe _i l
capable, ho will exectto his omc*itlabil.
it-, and, tfhele honest, no motive cat drive
_Zim fom the obll tons of his o to
8 ort' the Cons tn' on of tha p,4
Stafes, and that oto Statate in wh., h
te J IOQW NOTHIING8 &TAOK
ING ToHE MAf T1'H D1i TB.
The effect of that roligiousintoleranoe uo
strongly avowed by the Philadelphia Know
Nothing Oonvention, and advocated by
nearly every Know Nothing press in the
Union ,are now assuming a shape and a
consistency which must east terror in the
heart of every conscientious Christian, of
whatever denomination he may be. Since
the hue and cry kwas first irflcd in this
country against the encroaching spirit of
Papacy and a crusade commenced againat
every Catholic of the land, we perceive that
the spirit of persecttion hasnbeen extended
to other sects and that.the B3aptists were
especially the objeets of attack in the New
England States.. Resolutions were passed
in many lodges, denouncing them unfit re
cipients of office, and unworthy of beiug
But now, it seems that the Methodist
Church is to be subjectedto serious assaults.
We read from our files, that a fanatic by
the name of Adams is delivering lectures
in New York against the anti-republicanism
of the Methodist Church, and that already
he has gathered a large number of prose.
lytces under his banner. His discourses
seem to take well with the Know Nothings
of that and the adjoining States, and prom.
ise an abundant harvest of religious intol
etance, and ir rsecution. Of ¢oursge,'ouisi
ana Know Nothings will say that they iare
not reepon ils e st5. pa1oy 4r.
-agcs .-dyond their State, and they are en
tirely opposed to.such a system of warfare
and fanaticism. But are they not, if not di
rectly, ut least indirectly, pulling together
in the same boat with their sntolerant al
lies of the Union? Are they not helping to
build up a party which if successful, must
eventually engnlph every sentiment of mo-.
rality, justice or equality? Are they not
virtually assisting in propping up the fall
ing fortunes of an organization which os
tracises them? We annex from the Atlan
ta Examiner the following sensible and for
cible remarks upon thissubjoet. The ques
tion is properly clinched.
In this, no one can fail to see an advance
in that proscriptive policy, which, for re
ligious opinion sake, would deprive one por
tion of our follow-citizens of the privileges
they now enjoy under the Constitution.
How far this spirit will spread, and how
soon Baptists, Episcopalians, Presbyteri
ans, or all of them, will be called upon to
battle for their respective rights, aod only 1
knows. Revolutions, it is said, never go I
backwa nJ, and unless the progress ofiKnow
Nothingsin be stopped, a change in funda- 1
mental principles of our government will i
be made, which to all intents and purpos 1
will be revolution. Already we have be-.
fore us, in this charlatan of a lecturer, a
sample of the first fruits, or what they will I
be, of that persecuting spirit which loads i
men to extremes, all over this land of Re- I
publicanism. And if our Methodistfriends I
do not perceive, and resist it, a crusadeI
will ere long be made against their church,
which may kindle the spark into a blaze, E
which oceans may not suflice to quench, or
patriotism subdue. " Be ye ,watchful," is 1
a text that should he preached from often
in these days of intolerance.
Fuom the Louislanla filnoerat
We regret thie detfeat of Mr. EL(Ji:, for
as a citizen of Louisiana, le have a share
in whatever pertains is her glory or shame.
We have ever had an honest pride in the
Bench and Bar of our State, and have been
proud to direct the attention of citizens of
other States to great names which stand out
in bold relief upon the record of the triumphs
of Genius in our favored land. And sine]
we obtained what we honestly believed
would be an advantage-tho power to elect
Judges by the people--we have worked
patiently,and faithfully to retain for our
Bench the name it won in other and bettcr
days. In this we have never looked to the
right or left in searching for nen worthy
that station, nor given the matter the slight
est party consideration. We have support
ed gentlemen belonging to the Whig divis
ion, 0. N. OGDEN and J. K. ELO&GE Isqrs.
-for the reason that we deemed them com
potent and their compeltitors incompetenl.
For li6 ~ e b ioebon we galeturfeeble
aid to Judges lhmbfr ad- Slidell, Demo
crats; and so lgaeu tih elective system
bhas iW wl .1 fQiUew11is- treek,
chalked out l 'owv hand and recog.
nizod by the ofAthe State.
Anwld o. . to k-n
what has been , eat of JoHN
K,. ELo.a? ,,. to nal or po
litioal,-has bve the
great iasi ofP; . BStJ who
constitute the aw otli . on,
cut do~ e, po
cade in their s s h ke ý
Know Nothings dence that their
blattres,.*, l4 e of en
isttOSgg abpe . In te, i
not, and ls o a bol od tho olob
jeetand aim of whiob was and I to deceive
the ignorant ndd!r , . ~ country In
the eyes of t hletbigi o i ,vey hand?
Who among tie h friehtsp t .reat
Fraud dare publsh ale his own signa
ture the declaration thaiMr. M mssar is
at all comparable with Mr, ERow'uft he
officce of Chief Justice? Not up, we .
ture to assert; and yet we h1ove seen the
alaves of tJ bse arch.'rnsnaghre
n.wi tie bonded obsequousnmq .
Persian caitiff. Who among the tloreeu
dred Whige of Rapide Parlsh who voate&or
Mr.'Mum·o, knew that. .nMpsp ps.
ally or by good or bad remitter ' W da.bt
whether five coald be named; mad ettley
were seen moving heaven m
some one to'tlei, unknow a ,' ,
agcntleman whosetallent oy ha.ekown
and apprcciated r half.e oordinaryri
od of human existence And these rmsa
style themselves RIeformers They will
prate about party abusee--clquee-be dl
tation of a few and the subuorvleuey bf
the many -the "wild hunt after oflcoe--the
nccossity that demands the selection of the
best and ablest men for ministerial ofice I
"Father Abrahalm, what these Obristians
I Irom the N. O. Courjir.
.ia JuDI I'Nals x NDala K. N's.
distal cr,.n by e o ction of M-r
rick to the high olice of Chief Justice qf
Louisiana. A Know Nothing paper pui
lished at Clinton, in East Felican, iform
its readers that on the evening of the ~Jn
stant, a numrbr of persons beev ging _ tbt
party, formed a procession, and wte p
on Mr. Merrick at his residence in that
town, where they saluted him on the news
of his election. The Obief Justice address
co his friends irp a short speech, and than
they oeitered the house, where a collation
awaited them. There waa a good deal of
spouting, toast-driukinq and a gloriflcation
of all kinds. One indavridan vaunuted the
fact that the Judicial;ermine was iavaded by
the Order of Know Notbings, and the sen
timent was received not only without the
rcgrhension which it merited but with ap
probation. Mr. Merriek, if his character
has been correctly represented to M, is des
titute of the erudition and professional at
tainments which are indispensable to. the
proper discharge of the high functions upon
which he is about to enter. He is bound
by oath to the observance of certain dogrhas
and the carrying into effect of certain meas
ures, prescribed to him noz or hereafts r
by a secret and irrespon4 conclave of
unknown individuals, however ineomipat.
blo those dogmas and measures may be with
the Constitution which he is sworn to sup
port. To what are we doomed in this Isad
that boasts her civil and religious freedom,
and the responcibility of all men, no matter
who or what or where they are, to known
and eqnal rules of law? Which of hisoaths
will our future Chief Justice acknowledge
as binding upon him in his judicial conduct?
lie i sworn to observe, sunpport and main
tain the Coestitution of the United States,
and that Constitution declares all men to
be equal iunder the law, their rights and
priviloges being subject only to such differ
ences and modifications as the law shall
point out. The Judge's oath, which he has
sworn in the secret conclave of the Know
Nothings, creates a difference, unknowu to
the Conastitution and the laws,tbetween na
tives and persons born ont of the United
States-and the Know-Nothiing oath which
Judge Merrick has taken, obliges him to
proscribe the professors of a certain relig
ious faith, in direct contravention of his
oath to support the Constitution.
fHow can an upright and honest man,
who feels and recognizes the obligations
and restraint of conscience and honor, look
leis follow-citizens in the face, sitting on the
bench of justice, under the inflnence and
hound to the observance of oaths, so difier
ent and so opposite in their nature and ten
&Da-Jr ,jutt, I, honest, and carn rcspect.