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THE FELICIANA DEMOCRAT.
;-- - - Y -=- I_ li II .I .- ..i ------i-i-r--r-_ . .... ..- -
BY G. W. REESE. THE CONSTITUTION.-STATE RIGHTS. TERMS.-$8 PER TREAR.
VYOL. I. CLINTON, LA. SATURDAY MORNING, JULY 28, 1855. NO. 16.
Tan " PELICIANA DEMOCRAT" will be p..b
ImIbed every Wams#nr T An SaATU , at TatRI
Dollars er annum, payable In advance. Two cop
lee will e furnished for FIVE DOLLARS.
Aovurmauimwa inserted at One Dollar per Equare
(TWELVE line or less,) for the brat insertion,
and lt Oents for each subsequent one.
The e fot announolt a candidate fr oeec will
be TEN Dollars, pyableln advance.
CARDS, PROFESSIONAL, &c.
Josn McVaa, Clinton. Cuas. MuVsA, Jackson.
JOHN & CHARLES McVEA,
Attorntlo at Law,
CLINTON a JACKEON. LA.
W. FERGUS KERNAN,
Attorney & oouneellor at Law,
DRACTICNB in the Parishes of East and West
A Feliloiea a 14
JAMES B. SMITH,
Attorney and Counselor at Law,
'ITILL attend business in asut and West Felelana
VT and St. Helen. a 14
JOHN M. ROBERTS,
Attorney at Law,
Orrncs: M~IM BraEr.
BOWMAN & DE LEE,
Attorendee and Counsellors at Law,
USINESS entrusted to their care will be prompt.
ly attended to.
Rrsnaswcse.-Messrs. Oakey & Hawkins; J. B,
Byrne & Co.; New Orleans. a 14
HAYNES & ELLIS,
Attorae. mad Counsellore at Law,
Jas. O. VUQUA. J. O. KII.DOURCI
FUQUA & KILBOURN,
Attornies at Law,
PRACTICE in the courts of East and West Felicl
San, and St. Helena. a 14
At torney and Counsellr at Law.
TTIA undersigned, having entered into partnership
in the practice of their profession, will attelnd to
all business entrusted to them In the purlsh of East
And, to any business, entrusted to either, in the
adjacent Pa'nrishes, they will attend separately.
OMce in Clintoo, La. JAMES 11, MLUSE,
a 14 D. C. .1AIIDEI.
D. B. SAMFORD,
Attorney and Counsellor at Law,
W ILL attend to any profesalonal buslness entrust
ed to him in East and West Fellelana, East
Itaton Rouge, and St. Uelona Parishes. Je9
Justloe of the Peace & Notary Publio,
Omce on the North side of the Public Square.
Notasy Publio and Auotioneer.
W ILL attend promptly to all business entrusted
to hls care.
Orrcs: North East corner of the Publio Square.
DR. F. R. HARVEY,
CIONTINUES the practice of his profession, and
1 respectfully tenders his services to the citizens
of Clinton and vicinity. a 14
Da. C. H. PORTER,
1ESPRPTFULLY offers his professional services
I1 to the citizens of Clinton, and its vicinity.
Hs can always be found, when not professionally
engaged, at the Drug Store of Win. Sadler, on Brick
Row*. a 14
' E. L. HAYGOOD,
PROMPT attention will be given to the sale of
Real Estato and Personal Property within the
Parish of East Follelana. 01ce, in Clinton. a 14
april 14 JACKSON, LA.
OAKEY & HAWKINS,
Factors and General Cominnssion Merchants,
No. 90 ORAVIER STREET,
..G to offer their services to Planters and Mer.
J chants, and promise attention and promptness to
all eonsignments entrusted to their care, a 14
Cotton Factor & Commission Merchant,
No. 58 GRAVIEIR STREET,
3. Y. DAL.T. ,. 3. A. TA1.LA,.IE.
E. M. DALEY & Co.
Commission & Forwarding Mlerchants,
AND WHOLESALE DEALERS IN
67 Tebhoupitonla Street,
FINE WATCHES, CLOCKS, JEWELRY,
ALWAYS ON HAND, and for
sale by the subscriber, a general
FINE GOLD AND SILVER
A ES SPECTACLES, &c.
Ladles and Gentlemen's fine Breast Pins,
Ear rings, Finger rings, Stude,
Watch keys, Snaps,
Gold and silver Pencils, with or without pens,
Gold Lockets, Thimbles,
German silver Spectacles,
Together with a variety of other One goods,
warranted to be the articles for which they are
Tbe above stock was selected In Noew York
and New Orleans by the subscriber, and is the
largest and most superior ever offered In thi
CALL AND EXAMINE.
I' WArCHKS, CLOCKS, AND JEWELRY, repair
ed and warranted.
His store is on Brick Row, one door north
of W. W. Cbapman & Co.
a 14 WILLIAM SADET, R.
HOME MANUFACTORY OF WAG
ONS, CARTS, &c. &c.
RL. RI C- "3TY,
CONTINUES to carry on the
WHEELWRIGHT business in all
of its various branches.
lie has on hand a large assortment of supe
rior well seasoned material, and all orders for
work will be executed with promptness, and
in a workmanklike manner.
Repairing of all kinds done immediately.
His shop is inmmedlately opposite the stables
of the Union Hotel. a 14
I IAVE engaged a competent work
man, and will personally see that all
wood work done by me is properly iron
cd. All orders for Blacksmith work will be
piromptly attended to and faithfully executed.
BUaolEs, on hand and for sale.
jo 9 RICHARD RIGBY.
COACH AND CARRIAGE MAKEIR
I STILL oontinue to build all
- kinds of Pleasure Carriages, on
the most approved ljan, at the old stand, on
the main street, running east from the P'ubli·,
Thankful for tile patronage and public conli
deuce extended. I desire to retain andl incrcase
the same, by industry, promptness, fair prices,
and good work, which will be guaranteed to
I am fully prepared to furnish at short notice,
METALLIC BURIAL CASES,
and WOODEN COFFINS, on such terms as Will
Insure me against any charge of extortion, from
. Personal attention given on all Burial
a 28 It. BOWMAN.
Carriages & Buggys made and repaired,
BY CHARLES P. JARRETT,
HAVING superior facilities for
the prompt and faithful execution
of a strictly Carriage and BJuggy makling and
repairing Busines, I invite public attention to
my establishment. None but finished work
men are in my employ, and no inferior or old
fashioned work will be found on hand.
Arrangements have been made for receiving
the best material now in use, for completing
every style of running gear, body, painting and
trimming, which taste or wealth can desire.
Designs for Carriages, Buggys, Sulkys, &c.
on the latest and most fashionable plnns can be
seen at my shop. Call and see them.
An assortment of Northern made Buggys,
always on hand.
All kinds of repairing done at the shortest
notice to insure neatness and durability. All
work warranted, with proper usage.
tMy terms are cash, or approved city ac
FISK'S METALLIC BURIAL CASES.
I have procured the special and exclusive
right of sale, for FISK's PATENT METALLIC COF
FINS, for the Parish of East Feliciana. Any
infringement upon my right in the sale of these
cases will subject the violator to prosecution.
Samuel Decker, is my authorized agent, in
Jackson, for the sale of the same.
Wooden Coffins made to order, and every
attention given on Funeral occasions. A line
HIearse always in readiness.
may 5 C. P. JARRErTT.
W. W. CIIAPMAN & Co.
Importers and Dealers in Hardware,
CUTLERY, IRON, NAILS. CASTINGS,
Doots, Sboes, Saddlory, Trunks, and Plantation
~AST SIDE PUBLIC SQLAaE,-CLINTON, LA.
'AVE I a full and complete assortment of
e1 overy thing in their line. Their old custo
mers and the public in general are requested
to cll. april 8
SILVEl( FI'OONS, ten and tatle. juit received by
5 ji 0 NAUIMAN & STRA.U.,.
Speeches of Charles Derbn It.
"Look on this platuro ; and then on this.-'
Speech of Charles Derbigny, Knotoa. otAing
candidate for Govenor, deivered at de Rat
i fation Meeting, holden in Lafayet
' O. on the evening of Ju/y 11, I5.
"I thank you fellow citozens fr your
kind reception. I shall make a few re
marks on the subject which has called us
together. On the Fourth of July dele
gates from all the parishes in the State
nominated candidates. The delegates were
generally considered men of talents. I
have some doubt whether they evinced
much sagacity in the selection of one of
the candidates. They placed at the head
of the ticket an old man, of old principles
and notions, and with all that, obstinate.
That candidate is a complete old fogy, who
is unwilling to progress. He believes that
if progress is made in cutting up the Con
stitution we will all go to the devil. He
is in favor of the Constitntion and the Un
ion. He is opposed to higher law and is
not acquainted with wire-pulling and log
rolling. He cannot speak one way and
act another. He is in favor of light taxa
tion, and the old man has many other queer
notions. But I have said enough to show
that he ought not to have been nominated.
The balance of the ticket is good. It is
composed of young and true men. Before
concluding I will submit one piece of advice
--cut off the head of the ticket if you do
not want it to be sunk.
Speechof R. C. Wickliffe, delivxrcd at tihe
1emoeraic *RatiJflcation Mleeting, holden on
Canal street, NV. 0., on the evening of July
FELLOW-CITIZE.s:-Never before having
appeared in presence of so vast an assem
blage as that which I now see before me,
it is with feelings of no ordinary embar
rassment that I address you: yet that shout
of wild enthusiasm which fills the air, and
makes the welkin ring, brings assurance
that you are ready to unite with me in strik
ing a blow for the salvation of civil and
religious liberty. The principlesof the par
tv I have the honor to represent, address
themselves to overy American. They are
inscribed on every page of our country's
history, they were born of the American rev
olution, and the declaration of American
independence stamped them on the Amer
ican heart. We are now called upon to
maintain and defend them; and here in this
great city of New Orleans, let the campaign
open and the fight commence. The party
which is opposed to us nominated its can
didates, and presented a platform of its
principles, and by that platform it declares
itself ready to stand or fall. So let it be.
We are also ready to stand or fall by our
principles, whose virtue and whoso truth
have so often received the endorsement of
the American people.
I have not the honor of a personal ac
quaintance with my immediate competitor;
but I am told and 1 believe that he is a
chivalrous and accomplished gentleman.
It will be my pleasure throughout this con
test to extend to him all the consideration
and the courtesy which are due from one
gentleman to another.
It cannot be expected at this early stage
of the discussion, I should enter into an
elaborate discussion of the principles of the
Know Nothing party. I shall reserve that
for a future occasion, when I expect to
meet you again, and when I hope, after
having traversed the State in behalf of the
great cruse in which we are engaged, to be
able to report to you that the hfies of De
mocracy are blazing brightly from every
hill top and in every valley.
I do not know when the Know Nothing
party first appeared in our State. The
nature of its organization does not permit
us to obtain accurate information on that
point. All that we know is that it came
like a thief, in the dark, and that as soon
as it lifted its head into the light, it was
assailed by the old Democratic party, and
thank God, by some of thp brightest orna
ments of the old Whig party. The features
by which it is characterized instantly be
trayed its origin. Its religious proscip
lion, its fanatical hatred Qf forcigners, its
anti-American tendencies were enough to
show that it was born near the spot which
the Hllartford Conviuntion has rendcered in
famnous. Their blind hatred of foreigners,
and their fanatical oplposition to the (Cath
olic religion they excuse and justify L)y
telling us that they armc oplposed. to foreign
influence. The sincerity of this dc.laira
tion is illustrated by the zeal they display
in trying to get every vote for their party,
whether it be the vote of a native or an
adopted citizen. T'hfey tell us al o tlat the
have no religious test; that they do not
war on any religion. But I toll you that the
Louisiana Know Nothings sent delegates
to the Convention at Cincinnati, and that
those delegates were refused admittance
because there was a religious test which ox.
eluded them. The Know Nothings of this
State afterwards sent delegates to the
Grand Council at Philadelphia, and there
likewise they were rejected on account of
the same religious test. Thus Louisiana
stands alone in the Know Nothing party
an orphan whom no body will acknowledge.
Twice has religious proscription beeoon ex
ercised upon her-twice have her delegates
been excluded from Know Nothing Con*
ventions. It is indeed a sad, and a strange
spectacle, in the nineteenth century, and in
a free country to behold delegates to a po
litical convention, begging and imploring
admittance, and yet rejected on account of
their religious opinions. And this is the
party we are invited to join-this is the
party which boasts of its Americanism.
It is not long since the Grand Council
of Know Nothings assembled in the city of
Philadelphia, and thence promulgated what
they call a platform of principles. And
what is that platform? Why, it acknowl
edges the existence of a Supreme Being and
opposes the Catholic religion on account
of what it calls the aggressive tendencies
of the Catholic Church. In relation to the
vital subject of slavery, the Know Nothings
have presented a platform on which you, as
Southern men, cannot stand. In regard to
religion the eighth article in that platform
"Resistance to the aggressive policy and
corrupting tendencies of the Roman Cath.
olic Church in our country by the advancce
mceut to all political stations-cxecutive,
lcgislativc, judicial or diplomatic-of those
only lwhmo do not hold civil nllogiance, di
rectly or indirectly, to any foreign power,
whether civil or eclesinstical, and who are
Americans bh birth, education and training
-thus fulfilling the maxim," AMIEnrCANa
ONLY SHALL OOVEDN AMEnICA."
Here, then, we perceive a systematic as
sault upon tihe Catholic Church and its
votaries. But the Louisiana Catholics say
that they miake no assault on the Catholic
religion-that they have repudiated this
JIroseriptive feature of the national creed.
1'o test the correctness of this assertion, lot
mae call your attention to the Louisiana plat
form. I will show that in spite of their
declarations to the contrary, they do pro
scribe Catholics. They approve, by their
ninth article, the whole of the Philadelphia
platform; they even approve of the princi
ples of the eighth article, and only reject
the application of that principle to A merican
Catholics. And why do llhey make this
exception? They were ostracised by the
Know Nothings of the North; they could
not got into the Cincinnati or the Philadel
phia Conve.itions, and having no hope any
where else, theylare compelled to resort
to the Catholic voto of Louisiana. And
what is their position on the slavelry ques
tion? It is well known that whenever the
Democratic party met in Convention, it
has always taken high ground on that siub
ject. It has always proclaintd its allach
imeit to the great doctrines of State rights,
and has ever defelded tlle Solth against
the issaults of her enemie. ''lThe Know
Nothing Convention, on the other hand,
by expressly preternitting any expression
of opinion on the right of Congress to es
tablish or prohliit slavery in the Territo
ries, left the question open, and salters the
rights of the South to ie shmIitted to the
will of a Innjority, which hinds the minor
ity to obedience, by secret olths and obli
As I have said, fellow-citizens, it is no
time now bfor mne to d(liscuis the question at
issue. This is h1nut the cominlenu(nent of
the fight. I will Ie bac'k ilimong you be
fore the ides of Novemlber' hearing with
me good tidings of great joy. Let the I htn
ocratic party but do its duly andl all will
go well. Let it bring all itsstrength to the
polls, andl se tlihat every volhe is protected
in the exercise of his legal and constitutional
rights. Let them not s-lccullrnl to that par
ty which would tear down the mnonuiuent
that gratitude has erected to Kosciusko;
which would destroy the shaft that in Sa
vannah stands in the noronday sun, as a
tribute to the inentory of' lulaski; and that.
wol\'d cross the l,1e oceaIil suldi exhlune
the honored dust of laUilvyetto, tforgetful
that the pIlains of Brandlywine werer once!
moisteoned with his blood. Let us riueni
h1er that iii our tiio of need, gu'ert(oul:s nod
high souled forcigners have ever been readly
to rush to our as:sitialnce; that every battle
fieil, from lhlnker Hill to Mexico, is for
tilized with their blood1. I tell the Know
Nothing party they have a battle to fight
they do not underlstand. l'hey. are malking
lan a au:-: lt onl vasl ,,I,1 .
And, now I have but one word aM,, i
say, though I wiah I had the volo ara
the strength to speak to you for a week..
I call on yo as American citizses to pro.
tect the Constitation and to stand by 4.
principles of the declaration of Americas
independence. You3s it to your chil
dren, and your children's children, to trans
mit to them, unimpaired * legfea ot
freedom that your foreMth have trans.
mitted to you. And when there an be
found a wretch so base as to lay a acrile
gious hand upon them, If there he in the
heavens one blase of li.htlng m&4i ",
if there be one thundbolt more powerfld
than another, may If1 ed ciAf leh to
his mother earth.
Frorp ttitb utm $Bt.
Masonry and lnows
Mn. EnoTom--The proscl v a in
tolerant doctrine rompulgated b te or
der yclept, in the parlance of tiln.es,
"Know Nothu - 'is auggestiviv ..some
reflections to which Ihave, as yet, seaen no
I allude to the relation which the know
Nothing doctrines bear to Masolry, in its
teaching, precepts, injunctions, &c. 1*now
of my knowledge that you are not a mason
unless recently made one, and as such,
shall not expect you to discuss this subjet
at length, but I hope that by giving this
short communication a Ptae in your paver
-opinions may be cnl by e bl
of doing thisl subject d =1i1%
admonish all good aud true Masonit lie
ware, least they falsify the teachings and
precepts of Masonry, men whb in the po
litical relation, would proscribe and ostra
cise those whose place of nativity and relig
ious creed should be different from their
How very paradoxical the teachings, of
Masonry and the 'Know Nothing' creed!
Though all the stops and gradations of Ma
sonry, from the entered 'apprentice' to the
Royal Arch degree, the recipient of Mason
ic instruction is expressly assured that this
inception and progression In Masonry shall
not disturb the relation he bears to `God,
his family, his country, or society. On the
conltrary, he is expressly told that in the
step he is about to assume-hemay worship
God as he sees fit and proper-he may 9n
tertain whatever political creed lie chooses
--he is not asked where he wasborn: Iaa
word, Masonry inculcates the largest liber
ty of conscience in all matters of religion,
and proclaims a universality of brotherhood,
co-cxtensivo with the world of mankind.
Masonry knows no distinction on account
of birth-placo--it regards no religion pe
culiarly or especially, and it alone teaches
and requires the belief of a Supreme RTler
of the Universe-consequently she emlia.
cos into one common brotherhood, the Jew,
Mahomedan and Christian. It has been
beautifully said that:
"Masonry is cosmopolitan: she requires;
for her votariesato be ofno particular tongue,
nation or sect. She opens her portals,for
all, if they be but worthy and well ~Ji
"She anks not for any special diualet.-
She but teaches and requires that universal
language which is used wherever its ianda.
tnce is diffused. There are no laws of uat
uralization in Masonry; its demand only
is to be 'good and true."'
1 ntppeal to over, Mason, if what Ll hve
said is not true. Trien is it not hypocrisy
lying and a base libel upon Masonry, to pro
scribe a man at the ballot box for his birth,
and his religion, and then bring him to our
bosom in a Mason's Lodge? Reason, sense
justice, ago, reliion, answer yesl
The defeat of Democracy is by far the
least of the evils which Know N.othingism
threatens to entail upon the country. Do
mocracy has experienced temporary defeat
through the influence of intrigue and hum
bIuiggery, but the "sober second thought"
has always been competent to the task of
the re-sdtablishment of the justice of its prin
ciples and the supremacy of its rule. The
old man after a temporary repose, wakpa
up to a vigorous and exhilorating relnvoqs
essence. The beauty, harmony and effietei
cy of its principles, are illustrated apd
made manifest by the contrast of,its .ppo
site-hence thereo is, but little to fear in
this aspect of Know-Nothingism, but It is
to the religious feature of the proscriptive
creed we are to look for the Impending,
danger. There is no concealing the fact
that the denial of the freedom of conscience,
which Know Nothingism inculcates, is dos
tinod, if persisted it, to disturb the whole
fabric upon which society rests. Every
ramiliiantion, phase and form of human as
sociation nuld organizationl, must be more
or less convulsed by the application and en
forcemnent of at rule which denies to men the
right to worshlip God according to the dic
t;itor. of enl (-c lnet,.
If it is right to delne mnite this right at