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THE FELICIANA DEMOCRAT.
BY G. W. REESE. THE CONSTITUTION.--STITTION.-STATE RIGTS. Pp YEAR
VOL. I. CLINTON, L.. SATURDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 6, 1855. . NO. 25.
. .. . "IT . . .. .
TaI "FILIOIANA DEMOCRAT" wil be pub.
Ithed every WNDNIDAT AND IATURDAT, at TH EE
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be TEN Dollars, payableln advande.
CARDS, PROFESSIONAL, kc.
Jes' MeVia, Cllaton. Cast. MoVa, Jackson.
JOHN & CHARLES MeVEA,
Attornies at Law,
CLINTON & JACKSON. LA.
W. FERGUS KERNAN,
Attorney & ounsellor at Law,
DRACTICES In the Parisheo of East and West
. Fellelana. a 14
JAMES B. SMITH,
Attorny sad Oeunsellor at Law,
WILL attend bsinesm In East and West Fellolana
and St. Helena. a 14
JOHN M. ROBERTS,
Attorney at Law,
Orntc: Maix Bmarr.
BOWMAN & DE LEE,
&ttmrales and Cousellrs at Law,
BUSINBSS entrusted to their care will be prompt
D ly attendod to.
Rsrassoues.-Mesars. Oakey A Hawkins; J. B,
Byrne A Co.; New Orleans. a 14
HAYNES & ELLIS,
Attores and Consellors at Law,
JAI. 0. FUQUA. J. 0. KILBOURN
FUQUA & KILBOURN,
Attornies at Law,
PRACTICE In the courts of East and West Felicl
Lan, and t. Helena, a 14
ATTORNEY & COUNSELLOR AT LAW,
TII, undersigned, having entered into partnership
in the praotice of their profeslion, will attend to
all business entrusted to thoem in the parish of East
And, to any business, entrausted to either, in the
adjacent Parishes, they will attend separately.
Omlo in Clinton, La. JAMES H, MUSE,
a 14 D. C. IIARDER.
D. B. SAMFORD,
Attorney and Counsellor at Law,
W ILL attend to any professional business entrust
ed to him in East and West Feliolana, East
Baton Rouge, and St. Helena Parishes. Je9
Jutioe of the Peace & Notary Public.
Ofice on the North side of the Public Squareo.
Notary Publio and Auotioneer.
W ILL attend promptly to all business entrusted
to his oare.
Orrpcs: North East corner of the Public Square.
DR. F. R. HARVFY,
CIONTINUES the practice of his profession, and
V respectfully tenders his services to the citizens
of Clinton and vicinity, a 14
De. C. H. PORTER,
RAB'ECTFULLY offers bhis professilonal services
to the citizens of Clinton and its vicinity.
He can always be found, when not professionally
engaged, at the Drug Store of Wm. Sadler, on Brick
low. a 14
E. L. HAYGOOD,
DROMPT attention will be given to the sale of
SReal Estato and Personal Property within the
Parish of East Feliolano. Offce, in Clinton. a 14
april 14 JACKSON, LA.
OAKEY & HAWKINS,
?actors and General Commission Merchants,
No. 90 GRAVIER STREET,
OG to offrer their services to Planters and Mer
chants, and promise attention and promptness to
all consignments entrusted to their care. a 14
Cotton Factor k Commipsion Merchant,
No. 68 GRAVIER STREET,
*. M, DALYT. I. 5. A. TALLARII.
E. M. DALEY & Co.
COammindon k Forwarding Merchants,
AND WROLESALE DEALERS IN
67 Toboupltoalus Street,
te Jdlicirn gtmotral.
LETTER FROM PRESIDENT LONG.
STBRET, TO THE METHODIST
Oria QfKnoA.othn gj-y iwdu'Wý
csalbearisg spn Me Wa it and Strhsgsl
m he Comry.
In my address to the Preachers of the
Methodist Church, I have shown, that if
all the foreigners who come to this coun
try were both catholics and paupers and
that if they all voted to a man under the
dictation of the pope, still Know Nothing.
lain is not the remedy for these evils ; and
if it were, it is a remedy with which keth.
odist Preachers should have nothing to do.
Thus far I have discussed the subject, n-.
der concessions,' which confined me within
a circle so narrow, that its circumference
almost touched its centre. I am now to
present it in its proper light- from whence
it will appear that no christian, no patriot
should attach himself to the "American
party." Hitherto I have not called it by
that name; 1st, because that it is not its
baptismal name; and 2d, because it desig
nates no attribute that belongs to It. But
as conciliation is my object, and the Know
Nothings are over sensitive at this moment,
I will compromise matters, and call it by
one name or the other, as may for the time
being, seem most appropriate for the occa
sion. And here let me remark, .once for
all, that I know there are good men and
true attached to the American party; that
they joined it from good motives, and with
the honest design of prombting the inter
eat of the country. To such,'I can only
say, that whatever may be found in my re
marks that savors of bitterness, is not in
tended for them. But for the Order-the
organization-its projectors, its mode of
operation, and many of its votaries, I have
no respect, nor do they deserve any. Of
these I shall speak according to my estimar
tion of their deserts. It is their privilege
to recriminate and if the good and virtuous
will stand aside from the conflict very well;
they will not be touched save by implica.
tion, which at times, it will be impossible
to avoid. But if they will thrust them
selves into the contest, as some of them
have already done, they must share the fate
of their allies. I shall not withhold or a
vert a single shaft out of courtesy or kind
ness to them. Of all the parties ever con
jured up In this land of party legerdemain,
this is the only one that ever exacted
respect from its opponents, by reason of
the wise and good that belonged to it--re
spect, I mean, such as would be due to these
men in the private circle. This is whatthe
Know Nothings demand; and that, too,
when they are begriming men whose char
acters have stood above reproof longer than
they have stood upon the face of the earth.
While they are exacting so much, let them
extend a little indulgence to one who veri
ly believes that they are sapping the foun
dations of the Government-who began to
write when one prediction of his concerning
it remained to be fulfilled; and who writes
now when it is entirely and lamentably ful
filled, who uttered his prediction, when the
party had not even a name-when he did
not believe there was a member of it with
in five hundred miles of the State of Mis
sissippi, and whes the wisest of five hun
dred ,pen who heid him, regarded it as lit
tle more than Commencement declamation.
The origin of Know Nothingism seems
to be a mystery to every body. Even the
most erudite of the order can shed no light
upon it. I think I can trace it to its cause,
if not to its author. Whether I be right
or wrong, our reflections will lead us to one
of the most beautiful morals that was ever
addressed to a self-ruling people.
It was not until the year 1846 that Mas
sachusetts abolitionism got completely be
side itself. Up to this period it had been
held in check by the gravity, decency and
self-respect of the more recently inoculated
of its victims, and the yet remaining, but
fast decaying soundness of public opinion
in that stkte. But in this and the succeed
ing year, it reached its grand climacteric,
and loomed out in all its hideous deformi
ty. It threw off all decency, all self-res
pect, all decorum, all patriotism, all regard
for public opinion, all principle. In Janu
ary, 1847, there was a grand meeting of
the Anti-slavery Society in Boston, headed
by a President, twenty-six Vice Presidents,
(Caroline Weston being one) two Secreta
ries, one Auditor, and twelve counsellors
three of them women, whose names for the
honor of the sex, and as being next in rank
to Vice President Caroline Weston, I will
record, Maria Weston Chapman, Eliza Lee
Fallen, and Anna Warren Weston. In this
meeting, almost every county in Massachu
setts, if not every one was represented.
To this august assembly, the Board of
Managers presented a report which one
a complaint against the islave powe.," of
course. It then proceeds to the Mexican
war, in regrd to which it holds this lan
guage: " We fear that ae vastly areater
resources of the United pates for the supe
ply of men and money, will sooner or later
extort from their weak. r neighbor their
own terms of peace. This event must be
deprecated by every lover of humanity, of
Justice, and of freeom. Every good and
umane man must earnestly hope that suec
aees may attend upon that power which is
striving to remove from its soil a piratical
horde of banditti."
Adverting to the Wilmot proviso, there
port proceeds: "Slavery must, of necessi
ty be triumphant, &ce.,-there is no remedy
but revolution-a revolution beinning
like all such, in the hearts and mTnds of
men, but manifested in due time in the dis
ruption of the Union, in the overthrow of
our present deceptive constitution." Speak
ing of the State it says, "her real prosper
ity and true honor can only be secred by
the blow .that shall sever the bond of the
existing Union." Much more of the same
sort; in the course of which General Tay
lor, is called the slave-holding leader of
our national banditti, engaged in piratical
incursion into Mexico; and then the report
continues: "The anti'alavery history of
Enulaod has been unusually full of vrious
incidents during the past year. The for
mation of the anti-slavery leage, the Evan
gelical Alliance, the visit of Mr. Garrison,"
(to England.) " the extenslve agitation of
the slavery question by his means, assisted
by Mr, Thompson" (Englishman) "and the
American abolitionists-havemadethe last
year" ('46; remember) "one of extraordi
nary animation and interest. We believe
that we could never boast of a larger and
more devoted band of faithful friends in the
mother country than we now possess. We
have received elegant gifts from a multi.
tude of other places, (London, Bristol, &c.)
and are thus put in communication with
new efcient friends."
The report procecds: "The conflict be
tween the abolitionists of Scotland, and the
Free Church in the matter of blood mon
ey, has been carried on with even more vig
or during the past year than ever before."
And again: " The Irish contributions to
the Bazaar, like those we have just enume
rated, were of increased amount in quanti
ty, elegandb and value. We accept this
annual increase of the tribute paid to the
image of God in chains, whose dungeon is
this broad land, as a grateful evidence of
an increasing and spreading sympathy with
universal Humanity." (" I hang on Massa
chusetts-I cannot give up Massachusetts,"
said Crane of Virginia, in the Philadelphia
Convention What a Virginian I
Thus we haue itopenly avowed in Boston
that there is an organized conspiracy be.
tween Great Britain and Ireland, and the
abolitionistsof Massachusetts, to overthrow
this Government. And now for the moral.
In 1845, I cannot find any account taken
of the number of paupers who came into
Massachusetts from abroad in that year,
whence I conclude that there were none,
or that the number was very small. Let
Massachusetts speak for herself, as to the
1846. "The whole numpber of persons
relieved as paupers was, 15,261- of whom
7022 were State paupers, and 7850 town
paupers. Of the State paupers, 4411 were
foreigners; and of these 8884 were from
England and Ireland. 722 foreigners have
come to the state this year."
1847. "The whole number of persons
relieved, &c. &., 18,717; 7950 town pau
pers; 9005 State. Of the last, 7035 were
foreigners, and of this number 6888 were
natives of England and Ireland. 2501
foreign paupers have come into the state
1848. "The number relieved, &c. &c.,
18,678; town 7166; State 9581. Of state
7418 were foreigners, of whom 6707 were
natives of England and Ireland. 1494 fo
forelin paupers came into the state this
1849. "The number, &c., 24892; town
888X; State 14,088. Of the last, 10,258
foreigners; of whom 9128 were natives of
England and Ireland. 8048 foreign pau
,:ers came into the state this year.
1850. "The number &c., 25,981; town:
7900; State 16,058. Of last, 12,884 were
foreigners; and of this number 10,816 were
natives of England and Ireland. 1891 for.t
eign paupers came into the state this year."
1851. The number, &c., 27,650; town
8498; State 16,154. Of last 12,940 were
foreigners, and of these 11,905 were natives
of England and Ireland. 2000 foreign pau
pers came into the state this year." a
1852. " The number &c., 27,787; town'
8285; State 14,888. Of these 11,821 were'
foreigners. 9788 natives of England and.
Ireland. 1500 paupers . ats thestate
this year." em1ubL t
1858. "Number &o., 28,414; t~ n 80.
08; State 14,881, of these 11,874 wie for
eigners, of whom 10,014 were natiws of
England and Ireland. 1184 f9reigf pan
per. came into the state this year."
And this brings us to the natal d , of
Know Nothingism. Early in 1864 *
hape at the close of 1858, it was born deal
and dumb in. Massachusttts. Why, we
will see presently. According to Ohicker.
ing, in 1840 the foreign population in Mas
sachusetts was but 4 72 per cent, of the
whole population of the state. In 1850,
it was 20 20 of the whole population
more than a fifth. In 1880, it was but 158
of the whole population. Now, what could
have poured such a flood of emigrants into
Massachusetts (the most sterile and thicl
ly settled state in the Union,) between the
years 1840 and 1850 ? Why such a vast
disproportion from England and Ireland?
Did they come to sustain her in her efforts
to overthrow the Government? Or did
they come from the impression that all her
feelings and sympathies were in unison
with their own? No matter which; never
was there a more just retribution for fanat
ical madness than this. The burden isnot
half told. Her criminals, her deaf and
dumb, her insane, are in like proportion,
and settled upon her an expense which is
absolutely astounding. Forbigners are a
growing fungus upon her that would waste
her away, if it cannot be removed. But
how is it to be removed? Shall she use
up the contributions of her confederates,
and then cut their acquaintance and drive
them off? That would be disgraceful even
to her. She has not borne up under the
growing evil long and heroically; shall she
bear it forever? That,' 'W!mpossible.
Well may she abhor foreigniýs. Now know
nothingism is the very remedy for her.
Form a secret society against them--swear
the members that they will not disclose
their names or deeds, and stab them in the
dark. Bind Catholics to them, for popu
larity's sake, and put Temperance over
them with like intent, and to sanctify the
sacrifice, send out emmissaries everywhere,
some to preach in the street against Cath
olica,'and others to work like the devil in
Eden, upon the innocent and unsuspecting.
Whisper this to the hater of Catholicsand
slavery; that, to the dreader of foreigners;
and the other, to the lover of Temperance.
Put on any face, promise anything, hold
any language, to gather recruits; and when
you have got them, swear them in by oaths
so strong, that they cannot get out, or go
counter to the will of Massachusetts and
her abolition kith and kin at the north.-
Thus get strength, kill off democrats, take
the reins of Government, drive off allies,
Southern and foreigners, kill off Catholics,
and crush the "slave power, by turning
loose the slave upon his master.' Here,
take it, is the spawning, the poisoning, and
the satanic aiming of Know Nothingism as
it came from its mother. Had it adhered
to its original darkness and muteness, it
would have accomplished its end to the
full, and the South would have bhen made
accessory to her own undoing. Never
was Abolitionism so silent, truculent, and
seemingly national, as it has been since the
birth of Know Nothingism. It would pro
fess anything, swear anything, until the
touchstone of slavery was applied to it,
qnd then it showed its cloved foot, fled back
to its den, and set up its natural howl loud
er than ever. How such men as Robert
Breckenridge could everlhave dreamed that
Massachusetts and Virginia,-Abolition.
ists and slaveholders could be united into
a national party, is to me, the great myste
ry of these mysterious times. Could oaths
do it? Why, every officer in Massachu
sette swears to support the constitution of
the United States, and violates his oath
without scruple or remorse. Every Sena
tor and Representative of hers, in Congress
does the same. Oh! it was the master
scheme of Abolition iniquity to unite oath
defying and oath-respecting men of differ
ent latitudes, in bonds indissoluble save at
the will of the first! Heavens and earth!
upon what precipice has the South stood
for a twelve month past! Look how per
fectly every thing tallies with these reve
lations. Wherever Know Nothingism has
triumphed, the champions of the Constitu
tion have fallen, and Abolitionism has
gloated over them. Wherever it hasusurp
ed authority, it has nullified the constitu
tion and laws of the Union, hustled off
poor women and children of foreign birth,
f rabbled in the sacred edifices of Catho
lies, and made hostility to the south a con
dition for office. Hear me patiently, hon
eat sons of the American party, and you
will soon excuse me (for "meddling with
politics" this once. Bear with me a little
while, ye patrons of the University, tad
Yu wi applaud the uold. "dbtsotdW f
nging himself between your children amn
the Amerkeipart. .
One word mor before I leave this hemi
and then I have done with it. It is 'thi
darkness of aight 'ilah brings out the lay
tre of the stars. 80 it is the darkness o
a state that b4r hi .l ry to view the
noble of herL. Iaaathueetts h.
nk herself tothe foot of the it.rbow
states, thor Soes of eon weolrve stooc
the Constitution ad law of the land
u long ears of fanatical blustering
have-Ld themslve high above all tShe
rnpubhla t g The Union. They har,
been tried by fire, and found pure. Imumo
tel hone' be their reward I
We nb tkn our attention to the pool;
of thew ning esnt foreigners.
"- Itis not ttii that eoeiy immigrant is a
e pauper. It is not tru) sM I havesupposed
it that a tenth, or even . 'itretleth of them
? are paupers. But let ue suppose that the
s pauper immigrants, are to the thrifty, as 1
I to 19. Then as we have een, if the 19
r brought into the country with them, noth.
n ing but their industry, it would be bad pol
r icy to exclude them. But they bring more.
L- They bring talents in every department of
t science; many of them heavy mercantile
d capital; many the mdlns of establishing
I, themselves in the several pursuits; and al
it most all of them bring some money in their
a pockets. Every dollar that they bring
e with them is just so much wealth added to
t the country without labor. A thousand
a recently arrived in New York who brought
;, with them over t34,000. To be upon una
r disputed ground, we will suppose tha teuch
n sound fbreigner brings with him hut the
e half of that sum--,17,000. I put down
c the whole number of foreigners who have
- come to this country from 1787 to this
r date, (August, 186655.) at but 8,000,000.
- From this number deduct the paupers, 167,
r 894, and we have of sound 2,842,106, who
© have added to the actual capital of the
e country $48,815,802, or $710,526 per an
- anim upon an average. Now the average
r expense of a pauper for a period of eight
e years in Massachusetts, is not quite a dol
,Jla a week. But compute it a dollar. The
numbers of paupers who have come into,
the country is on an average 2,822 (round
numbers.) Their expense per annum, is
1 $120, 744. This amount subtracted from
the sum brought into the country by the
sound, leaves $589,882 per annum clear
1 gain to the country by immigration. In
ºithe year ending 80th September, 1848
s there came to the United States from abroad
º by ship alone, 229,492. Of these, 2,968
1 were natives, leaving of foreigners 2268,
- 624. The males were to the females, it,
º round numbers, as 186 to 98-the children
under 15 years of age 52,218. Deduct
ing these last from the whole number, leaves
174,811. From this take 'the paupers, 9,
[ 174, and we have 165, 1187 capable of la
1 bor. I suppose their labor to be worth
º but ten cents per day over their support.
I and we have $16,613 per day, or $56,16,
669 per annum excluding Sabbaths. Three
millions of foreigners in 68 years, gives an
average of 44,117 per annum. Now if all
the foreigners who came to the country in
1848. (229,492) give $5,168,609 nett per
annum, what will 44,117 give per annum ?
Ans. $998, 598, or $67,564,824 in 68 years.
To the annual profits of labor (998,98)
add the cash annually brought in, $710,
515, and wet have $1,704,110 nett profits
of immigration per annum, or $115,880,092
in 68 years, counting no interest or aceu
mulations. Nearly all this wealth & indus
try goes north to be sure, and we gain by
it only in the way of trade-in its enhan
cing the demand for our productions, and
4heapening thoearticles which we get in
in exchange for them. Now what are we.
to think of the heads of the people, who
would fling away this vast, and not half
told treasure, to get rid of the pauperism
that accompanies it? Nearly the whole
of the pauperism falls on the North-the
only burden which she has not managed to
fling upon our shoulders. And we, good,
easy souls, who have helped to burden oar
selves with most of the expenses of the go,
vernment for nearly forty years, are now
moving, heaven and earth to relieve her of
this petty charge What alittle the south
does bear of it, falls almost exclusively up
on Catholic Orleans; and upon the inhab
itants of this city, Know Nothing opposi
tion is expending its greatest force. flow
long will our people'be duped, degraded,
and impoverished by Yankee sophistry,
daring, duplicity and cunning. Look what
an armofstrength we are lopping off when
we cut off foreigners. Their children are.
natives and as true to the country as any
in the land. Who more gallant in war, or
more orderly in peace, when lot alone ?
When the pandemonian tribe, from whom
~Rieulater on lant pg;.