Newspaper Page Text
aIrnD Dnr 1 ou ttmsoonAl oT (oxrraM
s8a t Morning, December 22, tes
ae notice of 'A Grand flail' to be given by
rlUnnonProkeetion Fire Company, on Jan. 8, 1856.
,,'The Thespians perform on Thursday Evening.
aIgEre another issue, Christmas will have
come and gone. May. all enjoy it merrily,
cheerily, sad temperately. This is the season
of.gifts; both for the old and young. Our ad
vbrtising columns will show whi~re articles can
be procured that will suit oevery age and tem
MEETI1ING OF OONGREBSS.
Congress had been in session, nearly three
week,s and the house had not yet organized
by electing a speaker. The know nothings
and abolitionists having a majority bi that
body, cannot unite on any one 'man. The
democrats have their candidate, and uni.
dtrnsly throw their vote fbr him, whilst the
opposition divide their votes amohgst sev
dral, the most prominent of whom seems to be
Mr. Banks of Massachusetts. He, it would
appear is too much of a free-soiler or abolition
st to receive all the southern votes belonging
to the know nothing party. To organize the
House of Representatives so as to appoint all
the committees to suit themselvessoem to be
a favorite policy of the northern portion of
the opposition They desire as much as possi
ble to govern the leglslption of congress on
~ aissumes that will be agitated during
this session, which will no doubt have a very
deoided eleet upon the public mind, either to
strengthen or weaken theoiýQon of the states.
Whether southern know nothings will aid In
putting such men into power, remains to be seen'
But for this delay in organizing the house, we
should have had the President's message, near.
ly ten days past.
·The democrats held a caucus, proclaimed
their principles in a most admirable resolution,
and nominated as their candidate, the lion.
Wm, A. Richardson, of Illinois, who has here
tofore nobly represented those principles in his
public career, and in his private life. Thus do
we see democracy, acting, open, and above
board every where. No aiystsry, no secrecy,
no concealment, no under handerd management,
all is condncted fairly. openly and fearlessly.
AFFAIRS IN KANSAS.
What can be more manifcst, than that the
abolitionists are determined to rile or ruin,
this nation. Look at their hold avowal, that
they would prevent thie admission of Kansas
as a slaveholding state, and at their associa
tions at the north,, organized for the express
purpose of sending emigrants to Kansas, for
no other purpose. Look at the state of things
row in that territory. An armed mob resist
ing the laws, and a large number of persons
organized under oath, in secret, to never cease
their efforts or disband until Kansas is admit
ted as a free state. Look at the course of
these sanme persons in attempting to control
the government of that territory, by refusing
to acknowledge the proper authorities, aid
calling a convention of themselvcs to form a
constitution prohibiting slavery andl holding a
pretendel election, and sending Governor
Reeder to Congress, when the people had al
ready, in obedience to the law, elected Genl.
Whitfield. All these things show but too
plainly what the abolitionists are bent upon.
Governor Shannon had to caull upon the gener
al government for aid to enforce the laws.
The probability is that lunch blood will' yet he
spilt, in that territory before peace and order
are established, The abolitionists know full
well that it will never do to refuse Kansas be.
cause shie may knock for admission as a slave
state, and helnce their great efforts to prevent
her ever applying as su8h. They know that a
dissolution of the Union would most inevita
bly follow her rejection on that ground. 'l'hy
wish to avoid siuch a risk. Kanstls mtust comel
in as as a sl,.ve state if she ask to do so, or
the Union is gone. 'Thle souh I will never sub
mit to her rejection, I:ise.' her people maly
choose slavery. 1' n,, t Iis issun depends t he
fate of this llat;Oli its a llited lconfederacy.
13E:, vs. ,1uYr'r.-'-This, the contested elec.
tion case for the sheriffality of New Orleans,
was decided on Saturday last, in that city, in
favor of the know nothing calndidte, llufty.
The jury stood seven to four, A majority of
them, under the election law, is sullicient for
the renditioa of a verdict, and from their de
cision there Is no appeal. It was proven by a
witness on the part of Hufty, that fraimuulent
tickets had been printed and circulated, con
taming thereon the names of all the democrat
ic candidates, with the exception of that of
sell for sheriff, IInfty's being substituted in
its stead-another speciluen of the manner in
whjih b~ow nothiagiis aurllfes the .ianot box.
it is raakumts i to jeirotlit ipr.
atian o our coIb
try."-Americana Patriot. cr
SW i..PWi i tliý netpa editor of the li
Patriot discovered that Mr. Pierce was imbo- li
cile? Was it when he professed to belong to it
the ethirsatic party, and voted for him for
Presildent ? or was It wheit he ýbnodlCbsl for- Ct
imer political friends and eulisted under the s
know nothing'flag ? Mr...erce has not only tr
taken proper steps to prevent paupers and to
criminals frt betpg ,lpat totbis country, but so
he has done many other things, which not only ro
attest his own wisdom, but redound to the glo- ti
ry and properity of hisbl country. From the hi
day he pinnciated the principles that was to p
govern his administration, in his inaugural ad- cu
dress, he had showed to this country, and the p
civilized world, that he was eminently fitted to ra
preside over the destinies, of this great and tt
mighty natiobn. s
I.e prclan~ed a " high "national policy," in
which ha beep most signally upheld, and doe t
monstrated in the liberation of Martin Kotzt at
from Austrian oppression, in a far distant sea, ri
in the harbor of a fereign city. He ihas 'pro- 1
claimed the A.merican doctrine that "free b
ships make free goods," and has been able to e
iobtahi the sanction of Russia, France, and a
other .iowerit l European nations to it, and w
even theacqpiescence of Great Britain also h
for the present. He has adopted a firm but p
concilatory course, in adjusting difficulties with d
other nations, that has resulted in settling our w
difficulties with Mexico grewing out of the a
treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, by which we e
were subjected to the oneroufduty of protect- a
ing the citizens of that republic from the dep- '
redations of the Indians. He not only got a
rid of this vexatious and very offensive stipu- ti
lation in that treaty, but negotiated a new one ti
by which we have acquired more territory and g
become the owner of the only practicable route t
for the Pacific Railroad. The reciprocity treaty in
between Great Britain and the United States o
with regard to the fisheries, is another trophy
of this policy. The indemnity from Spain for to
the outrage upon the Black Warrior at ha- is
vann, is another. The straight forward man- p
nor in which he proclaimed his policy, and the a
prndeuce with which lie has carried it out, has w
won the respect of the wise and good of all t
parties, and even extorted praise in come in- 1
stances from his most bitter political oppo- a
nests. This course will be found to be strictly r
J aceordance withAmerican feeling and Amcer
lean honor, and its results upon the happiness
and prosperity of the nation, fully attests its
wisdom. Its imbecility can be seen by none u
but those who, like the editor of the Patriot,
do so wilfully and from excited party feeling. 1
Did he evinco imbecility, when he wrote his
excellent inaugural address? When he wrote
his vetoes to the river and harbor bill, the
Insane bill, the French spoliation bill, or the
bill for the appropriation of $800,000, to the n
Collin's line of steamers, by which he defended 1
the constitution from violation, and saved tihe
national treasury, nillions of money attempted
to be squandered away, under those bills ?
Does the editor of the Patriot, discover any 1
evidence of imbecility in his eiegautly written
niessage to Congress, his letters and published
speechIes, which compare so favorably with
those of all the great men, who have filled
that exalted station, to which the people have
elevated him, by an almost unprecedented i:nt
jority ? 'Perhaps his imbecility is scon inn the
stetadftat and unyielding devotion he lhas shown
:to dtelocn·rltic principles, froul tihe Iegililnnlg
of hiis political career, down to the present nio-"
micnt,. i''rhps it is shown in his stern pltit
lieal i ntegirity, whiich has secured the fulhlit lihn't
1 of r v''y plcedge given in his inaugural an htre'ss
alnd ha ),ornsiu hiis ahtinistratiou siafly' t t'outIgh
l the strmu of Abolitionism, fr:e,-shoilisln and
t know lno)thlinismtu, withlout stain or relrotc:lt.
i Perhaps it is seten inl those excellent reilortuls ili
i. the army auin navy, and other departmteits
y which have h.e(lln made since Mr. Pierce' took
Shis seat. lhlt tore especially pierhaps is it to
,be sieI, in his unwavering opposition to know
n. othuuguaun, ii all its forots, and under all its
h plasus. This last is the sin for which he uer
e cr 1u hie forgiven. For him to dare to oppllose
it, was enouIgh for tihat party to wage percpet
ualnt war agiltst hium. They declare it iin tlheir
- platl'oru, they act upou it everyiwhere. " They
, war against every oiie who war againlst them."
iiThe editor of the 'American P'atriot is well
Yaware, that Franklin Pierce is a stautesmuan of
ofa high otrder, and a manu without spot or blent
orish ulon either his moral or' politiciii (scutcht
Ic-eo, but his plrty tactics will not allow hili to
aadmit it. Such is our conviction.
WAsmaNOTN, Dec. 19.-No prospect of or
ganization yet. After much exciting discus
siun among the northern and southcrl whigs,
the lhst ballot stood-Banks, 10o; Richard.
s.a, 7v; Fuller $4.
SOUTHIL A "i OtT i 1ES AWD
Tp lEC 1OMY.
The polly horito e pursu'by the plant
ers of the south, has proven doterious, both to
them, afd teo ~alue of their lands. To clear
up their land, plant it in cotto* and corn; wear
it out, then clear more new fields has been the
system most generally adopted. In many pla
Cen, such lands have become entirely worthless,
and the planters have had to seek a now coun
try in order to employ their negroes to advan
tage. This is all wrong as the people of the
south begin to see and feel Deep ploughing,
rotation in crops, and a regular system of fer
tilizing, and reclaiming our worn-out lands Is
imperiously' demanded, to arrest the ruinous
policy heretofore pursued, and restore the agri
cultural power of the southern states. If our
planters Will do this; and adopt the policy of
raising all their own stock, meat, and planta
tion supplies at home, manufacturing their own
shoes, clothing, and other necessaries, as it is
in their power to do, a better day will begin
to dawn upon us. To think of better times,
until our present system is changed, and a more
rational one adopted in its place, is to expect
what will probably never occur. We have
been acting upon erroneous ideas, and the soon
er we exchange them for correct ones, the
sooner we shall bring about a change in the
way we most, need. We shall look in vain for
better prices for cotton, and lower prices for
provisions, stock, and the various western pro
dacts which necessity compells us to buy, until
we act more like reasoning people, and set
about to live within ourselves. It is vain to
expect we can prosper as it is our privilege,
and might be our good fortune, while we pay
such enormous prices for everything we con
snme, or use onour ,lantations, and get so lit
tlc for our cotton. If we will raise less cot
ton, more stock of every kind, and plenty of
grain 'to feed them upon, we shall soon see,
that we have heretofore beenacting unwisely
in pursuing the system, which is generally fol
lowed by southern planters.
A change of our present habits will be at
tended with some incouvenience at first, but
iu a short time, it will relieve us of all our
preiscut difliculties, and make us free, happy,
and independent. People of the south, why
will yot keep up your old habit of making cot
ton to dell, and having every thing else to buy.
You must know that it is to your interest to
abandlon it Thern begin, and success will
reown your efforts.
TILE NOMINATION OF MR. RICIIh
Mr. Richardson, of Illinois, was selected
as the democratic candidate for the speak- 9
ership with reference generally to his ster
ling democracy and long service in Con-psi
gross, and iparticularly as a complimentfor lr
the able, steady, persevering manner in t.
which, as chairman of the committee on a
Territories, he sustained the Kansas-Ne
braska bill in the last house. The compli
ment is deserved. The great measure of
1854 could not have had a more gallant if
champion. Unlike too many democrats in a
Congress, he did not hesitate a moment, r
as to the path in which his course of duty o
lay, and he pursued it without once looking t
nack-without once looking to the right t
or to the left. In the contest which ensued
in his district, at which he was a democrat
ic candidate for re-election, he perhaps en
countered a more serried, systematic, and "
violent opposition than was encountered a
by any other northern democratic congres
sional canditate who had voted for the ter- c
ritorial bill. This opposition came from a
without the district as well as front within
-fronm without tho state of Illinois as well I
as from within. Foreign material aid and
comtfort were sent to his competitor with
out stint. But lihe overrode all obstacles
and broke down all opposition. lie wasi
reeleltmled by a handsome majority upon the
naked issue of his support of the Kanias
Nebraska bill. And now, is not the comrn
pliment, unanimously tendered him, richly
merited ? And is not the compliment all
the more rich, that the other eminent doen
ocrats in the house declined support in his I
hint the nomination of Mr. Richardson c
has a deep significance beyond the honor
paid to the man. It signifies that thedem
ocratic nemnbers of Congress regard the
great principle of the Kansas Nebraska
act, as the grand issue dividing political
parties at the present time, and as the grand
issue upon which the presidential contest
must be fought. They have ranged them
selves upon that issue promptly, :irmly, em
phatically. In thus doing, they represent
Sthe democratic party of the nation, and
-rtepresent it truly. 1hey reflect the senti
-i enut of that party, as it will be reflected
o at (Ciicinuati next spring.
This issue was made up before. It was
made uip prior to the passago of the Kan
sas Nebraska measure. It has been bebfore
the country more titan a year. The peo
e le are faimilliar with it. It is, shall the
: people of every state and territory manage
their own domestic concerns? That is all
I- there is of it. In the nomination of Mr.
IRiehairdson, the democratic nacmbhert of
COfgrd e declals that t. people of every
state and Territory shaThianage their own
domestic aRfirs. p
KANSAS & NEBRtASKA MEETING IN
Below, we publish the proceedings of a meet- V
ing, held in Hancock Cennty, Mis,, on the "
10th inst. Organisations of a similar charac
ter are contemplated in every county in that 0
state, and we hope the excellent example will C
speedily be followed in Louisiana. It is full e
time that our citizens were awake to the great i
and growing imponceo of doing all that lies
in their power to thwart the dangerous incen- I
diary and revolntionary schemes now in pro
gress in Kansas-urged on as they are by the
money and influence of a powerful and unserun
pulous faction of abolitionists, and abetted by C
organized bands of armed conspirators. C
At a meeting of the citizens of Hancock t
county, Miss., held at Gainesville, on the 10th
inst., a society was formed, called the "Kan
sas Emigration Society," and the following of
fleers chosen: J. B. TOULME, President
Dr. R. EAGzR. Secretary and Treasurer.
B. S. Leonard, John Martin, Col. J. F. II.
Claiborne, R. Bird, J. Varnardo, U. Shaw,
The preecedings of the meeting were as
WaEness, the abolitionists of the north, not
content with their attempts, indirectly made
to disturb the peaceful relations of the Union
by encroaching upon the rights of the south,
have at length established societies in their
midst, for the avowed purpose of sending
armed emigrants to overawe and defeat the
expressed will of the citizens of Kansas in
favor of slavery. Be it therefore resolved,
that we regard the abolitionists as our dire
and mortal foes, and denounce them as trait
ors to their God-who in His beneficient
wisdom ordained the institution of slavery
-as traitors to the laws of our common
country, which acknowledge and sanction
it, and as traitors to ourselves, whose injury
and destruction, they wantonly seek.
Resolved, That we form ourselves into a so
ciety to be called "The Kansas Emigration
Society," and that we solicit the junction of
every friend of southern rights in the country.
Resolved, That we learn even from our one.
mics that unity and combination give strength
.1 and success, and that we invite the co-operation
of our sister counties in the formation of soci
eties to encourage vigorous and patriotic south
era men, to emigrate to Kansas to meet their
foes at the ballot box and if the necessily re
.quires it, with rifle balls.
Resolved, That each member upon admis.
sion, pay one dollar, and that the money, so
raised and by voluntary contribution be devo
n ted to the defraying of the expenses of the
" above named emigrants to Kansas.
Resolved, That if we send but five emigrants
f) from this county, we will accomplish much, for
t if each county in each southern state, will do
a as much in proportion to their population and
t, resources, the fights of the law-loving citizens
y of Kansas will be protected, and the Consti
tution and Union, be preserved from desecra
Resolved, That we appoint a President, a
Secretary and committee of five, either of
whom will be vested with the authority to
admit members and to receive contributions.
ý. Resolved, that the above officers be emrnpw
-rred to complete the object of the association
I and in case of disagreement, a majority of the
nmsmbers assembled by the President, shall de
ll cide the differences.
Resolved, That those patriotic Missourians
s who extended counsel, and assistance to their
g fellow citizens of Kansas, are entitled to the
10 warmest gratitutude of the whole south.
s. Resolved, That in the opinion of this meet
ing, the Legislature of Mississippi should place
¢ twenty-live thousand dollars, subject to the or
ider of the Governor of this state, to be cem
-lployed when deemed expedient, in aid of the
people of Kansas in defence of their legal and
n conetitutional rights.
r Resolved That we transmit a copy of our
S'lproceedings to the legislature of this state,
e shortly to be convened, and that we respecti
j fully invite their attention to them.
d Resolved, That all papers in the state, favor
st able to the rights of Southern men in Kansas,
be requested to publish these proceedings, and
T" that copies hlie sent to each of our Senators
" and IRetprcsentntives in congress, favorable to
I the " Kansas Nebraska Bill."
13oosON ELEuCTON.-Tho citizens of Boston
had a very spirited but peaceful electlon on
Monday the 10th instant. All the lovers of
order and economy, and all who esteemed the
honor and welfare of the city, supported the
" citizens' ticket," which was elected by a hand
sonie vote. Last year, Smith, K. N., was elec.
ted Mayor by a majority of 1289 over both
the other candidates. This year, Alexander
H. Rice, is eleeted by 2000 majority over
Shurtlett, Know Nothing I The total vote,
at this election, is twelve hundred and eighty
seven more than last year.
PROSPEOTS OF TILE DE OORA
Under the above caption, the Albany A
publishes fakts and flg.Is which indicates 6t
uortsin triumph of the Demuuratiie pes
approaching Presidential election, ifsmt
prudence, even, in the selection of
is observed. -
If there be any criterion wheroep
of the future prospects of the resp er,
cal parties, it is to be found in the r t
elections, embodying as they do, popular e
ion on the vital questions of the day.
Applying this teat to the several
parties, we think no candid person tar
see that the democratic party 1,.is
achieve a glorious victory next year.
one States have held state elaotiou.
ent year, of which fourteen have gon.
cratic. We give them their order r
majorities and the number of Presksi 1
tors to which they are entitled:
Virginia,.. . .. ..... 16 1
Illinois, ............. 11 I 0,p
North Carolina......... 10 8
Tennessee............ 1 I ,0.
Alabama, ............. 9 1
U(eorgia,.............. 10 11.
Indiana, ............ 18 30,$
Pennsylvania,....... .. 11,g
Louisiana .............. 6 le
Mississippi ...... ....... ' 5,0
New Jersey,........... 1
Wisconsin, ............. 6 1,
As one hundred and forty-nine constit a
majority of the electors, it will be seen ti
democracy have but to get five mqs to earn
the election. The Legislature of $thFau R
lina is democratic, largely, and in st stsh
the Legislature chooses electors.
therefore the elections of the present A
the basis, the Union is sure for the de ..__
The know nothing and republicans have*.
v ried the following states:
Kentucky, .................... 1$
California, ........... ...........
O hio, .......................... 1t
Vermont ..................... .
The following States have not held 4
tions the present year.
Arkansas. .................... I
Delaware ....................... $
Florida,. ....................... >g
Iowa, .......................... 4
Misso.ri ...................... t
Rhode Island,................... 4
South Carolina ............. . 8
Total electoral votes,............ 5
It will be thus seen, that in order t ect
Ithe next President-premising that then4
1 which have held elections the present yew
will vote the same way in the coming P.#
dential election--the Opposition will havb
carry all the states which have not held
tions the present year, ten in all, every onsi
which rolled up handsome democratic maJs*
f ties at the last election.
It will be seen, then, that the argunmsl
drawn from the elections which have occnai,
ialndicate plainly that the democracy will s
chieve another triumph in 1856.
The Argus says truly, that but for the 5a
fortunate division in the Democratic party '
New York, that state would certainly hla
s given us a great victory. " Next year," ttSI
r " the Democracy of New York will be unt.
e and the sons of the Empire state will vin*
themselves against the aspersions of the *
mics of Dem)ocracy. Next year, the UiP
loving citizens of the Republic will rally toW
support of those living national principles
Iherent in the Democratic party, and aehleio
glorious triumph for the Union, the Dew
dcy, and the Constitation."
THE CASE OF BELL VS. HUFTTY
The N. O. Delta of Monday eves
gives "the last scene" in this case, WU
we publish below for the purpose of bhow
ing the "intensity" of the America.nfel.
that pervades the minds of the ballot;m
breakers of the Crescent city. After spk
ing of the confusion and chaos thau9
to reign in the court room, the Delita
Every one knows that Mr. Randell HW
delivered a most violent and exciting s
before the close of the trial, which
have no effect but to arouse the wor.U.
sions of the noisy multitude. It w6i a
course which might have been espy
from a Marat, but not from a Ver9
-from a jaundiced partizan, rather tdi
from a justly distinguished lawyr
the result, of course, was the inrer8l .
ry of the rabble which had assembil il
and around the court house, in a highly
triotic and combustible mood. We
congratulate the orator on the effect whI