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Subseriptiop $1.00 Per Year. There is No Free Country, Unless the People Rule. Price 5
VOL III. .NATCHITOCHES, LA., FEBRUARY 26. 1897 NO. 28
An. exchange says: "A Democrat in
Virginia has declined a certificate of
election to Congress that was awarded
to him on account of clerical irregular
ities in the returns, and his Republican
competitor gets the place. And yet
there are those who insist that miracles
never happen nowadays." That man
should go at once into some popular
dime museum as the greatest freak of
Postmaster General Wilson said. at a
meeting in New York last week that
"the honest belief of a large section
of the voters is becoming fixed that the
government is so administered and
laws are so framed as to make unjust
distribution of social benefits, to make
more dificult the upward path in life,
and to narrow the gateway of oppor
tonity." That expresses the situation
fi general terms, but it specifies no
Particular evils and suggests no rem
edy. What we need is to get at the
situation in a concrete way.
The Populist party has also been use
ell to 'prqsing the transportation prob
lea to a solution. The proposifion of
publie ownership is gaining rapidly in
public favor and w n once understood.
It one of the stroltest tenets of the
paty -creed. It is safe to say that a
lage .majority of the members of the
-t! 9lt parties honestly think that the
Idea of public ownership and operation
.OR lines of transportation is a new,
iJl:and fanatical scheme that eman
ate fromei the fertile imagination of
l' e cranky Populist. But "when
that three-fourths of the civil
p vetomznmetns in the.world own all
Sportion of their railroads and tele
r lines, and operate them with
M ,sctes. and immense saving to
people, it puts the question in a
IJ utnt )fight and induccs men to con
tat `' avigs banks is another
Sa : lhe. reforms advocated by the
party. This is no new chi
h. hme. It has been tried with
'l.cces in England, France,
, Swedenm Holland, Russia,
ftiungar, Australia and . Can
cali ef thes countries the peo
, Oqe received at 11,o ost
tmrPou. ma to p.m. Any
ce tos te to pt50 may be
In ocne: tear andanterest it.
1 t a Ig s at multiple of
V bath at the
SnEliash t ow
7 fap -i :h
DYING IN DESPAIR.
STARVATION DRIVES MANY TO
Weary of the Struggle Against Poverty
They Seek Rest In the Grave-Victims
of a Nation's Folly Sacrificed to the
Chicago special: No longer are want
and suffering known in this broad and
happy land; no longer are sin and
sorrow the legacies left by poverty to
the children of despair. The "wild and
hideous dream" of free silver has faded
from the minds of men. Protection and
prosperity have come, as Mark Hanna
promised they would.
Gold has bein crowned the monarch
of the western world.
The trusts, the syndicates, the Wall
street gamble",-d watered stocks, the
brokers in bonds and the pawnbrokers
who pretend they are bankers because
they lend money on mortgages instead
of on watches and diamonds-these and
all others who live in idleness by filch
ing from the products of industry, have
declared that with the coronation of
gold would come confidence, the great
courier of prosperity.
Mills were to be opened to Amer
ican workmen. The old, familiar "hum
of industry" was to be heard in fac
tory and in workshop. "Confidence"
would start the fires and send the
smoke upward from every idle chim
ney. The "endless chain" of commerce
would bring into every line of indus
try the.millions paid to labor. Prices
would go up, every toiler would be paid
higher wages in a "sound money" and
"national honor" would be preserved.
The story is an old one now. The
American people permitted coercion,
intimidation, purchase and falsehood
to defeat the ideas of liberty, justice
Herewith is given a very incomplete
and partial list of people in Chicago
who have committed suicide since Nov.
15, or nearly two weeks after the elec
tion ushered in the era of prosperity.
The list is strictly confined to those
that hopeless poverty and despairing
hunger have driven to bay at last.
Millionaires and plutocrats may sneer
but the awful fact remains that when
hulger and suffering and want to-day
are unsuatalied by any hope for to
morrow" dead ay ,seem a boon be
cause it offer jway' of escape.
No eftort Wbeen made to learn how
amany people; in qther cities, in towns
or in villages have solved the great
problem of life aii4 death, because their
poverty was beyohd all help, neither is
the list in thu eity a complete one. The
world Will nvei know how many men
and women have died since Nov. 3,
.18,.° as soarlflial victims upon the
Satar" t greed.
S3en dolaot face the king Qf terrors in
Sordea to give the color of truth to a
falsehood. These people killed them
selves b ~e ey were starving:
Preak BO I *Yk committed suicide
Wedsaday ubNovember 18, at his
a ome,.!6 g i o street, by drink
toblescsyk was a
t been unable to
eh Uhler, a patient
amna at a!gn , was
ion the gounds on
i November 19, It is
tted suelde, e was
er was a tiner, buht
'L ot teoted his mind.
laborer, was sen by
trlking ailag the
1aa. When near
a ,eta bY olver
3odging fin th
4ean tb the
S r '4~h Ma"
~i~p~i j~~~ Idf
employment. While in this melan- a
choly contemplation he seized a revol- I
ver and fired a bullet into his heart.
Death must have been instantaneous,
but his uody was not found until nearly
John M. Faulhaber of 526 NorthClark I
street, died Thanksgiving afternoon I
from blood poisoning. While despond- 1
ent over the business outlook he at
tempted to end his life and his wounds 1
eventually brought his desire.
After searching for weeks in a vain
effort to find work and fearing that his
little home would be sold under the I
auetioneer's hammer, Max Voigt, a
carpenter, who lived at 301 Lee ave
nue, ended his life November 28 by I
swallowing a quantity of carbolic acid.
Voigt left the house at 7 o'clok in the
morning in search of employment. Af
ter tramping about the city all day he
returned in the evening, but instead
of going into the house. went to the
basement below and there took the poi
son that ended at once his life and his
Anthony T. Harris, aged 60 years,
attempted to commit suicide November
28 by shooting. Harris lived at 8942
Dauphin avenue. The cause of the act
is said to be despondency over his ina
bility to make a living.
Peter J. Toenos, 'an aged German,
was found dying from staryation and
exposure in his little room in the rear
of 815 West Fiftieth place at noon No
vember 30. When kind hands lifted
him from the bare floor, where he had
fallen face downward in his weakness,
and sought to minister to his needs,
the spark of life fled. He had survived
forty-eight hours of bitter cold in the
unheated apartment and died as relief
was at hand.
The report of the -board of health
shows that during the entire month of
November twenty-eight people com
mitted suicide in Chiago. Over half of
these killed themselves because they
preferred a quick death by drowning,
by poison or by the pistol to a linger
ing one by starvation.
NOTES AND COMMENT.
What the People Are Thlnklng, ayling
Anent the talk now going on in
wealthy commercial centergwith regard
to the destruction of the greenbacks, it
is well to see just what such .action
would lead to. It is said thatwe arenow
on a gold standard, and in one sense it
is true. It is claimed that all other cur
rency depends upon gold to sustain
its value. It would be more appro
priate to say that it depended more up
on credit. -
There is said to be in circulation,
aside from gold, about $1,112,000,000 in
currency. It is claimed that this is
kept at par 'with gold by the simple
existence of the $123,000,000 of gold in
the treasury. That is to say that
every dollar of the $1,112,000,000 is
exchangeable for gold. It is plain to
see that the only honest basis for a pa
per currency, itf it is to be based upon
another kind of money, is dollar for
dollar. This would leave nearly $1;000,
1 000,000 of our-currency without. a base,
unless It was on the credit of the United
t e *
* If this be true why hav~e a speeclc
i releaption motey at all? Why not
* baseit upon all the Droperty, miake it a i
* full legal tender, and receivable for
t taxes, a.d abolish forever the fetish
idea-that everything in the world de.
F ponds upon a yellow metal which is of
I less real intrinsic value when it eomes
to use than iron and steel? It is folly
r to. talk .about redeemitinglt htle or ten.
rdol lars with one. The busines of this
Scouatry Je much treater than the vole
t ue of money,and if we make the base
C of our 6money but on-tenthl as wide
Sas' the strauqtre, 41 Isa small foundas
Stiobn for our business.
i Ntaet--fl per .oentof the business
of this couatty is deta on a credit.
IWhIy, fhe, pretlend .to base this credit
one-a umall gpiount bfgo0ld, when as a
maithe of fact the resI basis is other
torif s of propertyi, atd gold aet saim
pi &.as disturbeor iithat credit? ' he
ni"s ' obvious. ft~his creit, tI..
,the mat pert, ~lsssee throdsh thi
deireas as the Wltini of money,
1 aed thned their actiq ln for all
teu ll lteinto the
t, &se4se al street
~~t t ad ar~ re ,U itrsa o
an4 ~mtaM w
answers the same purpose and is much
more convenient. And no sane man
demands that the gold shall be kept
in the treasury simply for a show.
"Move on! Move on." Those words
have been ringing in the ears of poor
Matilda Koch for five years. She had TI
heard them in Fort Wayne. Ind., in In
dianapolis, in Columbus, Ohio, in Pitts
burg, in Philadelphia, and in New
"Move on!" said Policeman Sheldon
to her as she stood at the foot of Des- el
brosses street on Thursday night.
"Move on, and be quick about it."
Poor Matilda Koch obeyed, but her
footsteps were faltering, her manner
aimless. She had no home, no friends, T
nowhere to go, nothing to do but to
"move on." The policeman arrested 1:
her as a vagrant, and she was arraign
ed in the Center Street Police Court
"It's the same old story," she said,
weeping. "It's always 'move on,' and A
when I don't move enough or far
enough I am arrested. Why should I 6
be dragged into a station house like a
dangerous criminal and be locked up? S
Why am I driven from city to city, G
from prison to prison? Is it a crime to
be poor? Who is to blame for my
poverty? Certainly not I. Society has
ostracised me as though I were a leper 1
-all because I am poor.
"Five years ago I came to America j]
from Germany with my husband and
settled in Fort Wayne. A year ago he
died and all my money went for doc
tors' bills.' It left me destitute. I tried c
to earn a living, but I was too weak. 3
Then I was declared a 'poor person'
and was driven out of town. They put
me on a train and sent me to Indian
apolis. They would not have me there c
and I was again bundled into a sec
ond class 'car and sent to Columbus. 1
From Columbus I was moved to Can- 1
ton, from Canton to Pittsburg, from I
Pittsburg to Philadelphia, and from I
Philadelphia to this city. It is always i
mnove on,' 'move on,' 'move on.' " I
As the woman had not been begging,
she was discharged. She is still "mov
ing on."-New York Journal.
Wevler qf the Mint.
Director of the Mint, Preston, threat
ens to make liars out of Blaine, Gar
field, Grant and a host of others who
have made public declarations that it
was not generally known that the
"crime of '73" was being committed by
the passage of the coinage act that
dropped the standard silver dollar. A
recent dispatch from Washington
The official history of the change in
the coinage law made in 1873 will be
included in the annual report of the
director of the mint for the fiscal year
1896. Director Preston has been search
ing the. fles of the treasury and of
congress for every scrap of data bear
ing on the subject,"and will make the
most complete presentation of facts and
documents which has ever been at
He has found a copy of the original
draft of the proposed coinage law,
which was sent to congress by Mr.
John Jay Knox, when comptroller of
the currency, with changes interlined
by Mr. Knox in his own handwriting.
It was only after a long search that
'this draft of the bill was found in the
assay otffice at New York, where it had
been sent to obtain the views of the
assayer. This original draft provided
for reducing the silver dollar to a to
ken coin of the same finish and propor'
Stiozi of silver as otiher subsidiary coins.
I The dollar was not in circulation, be
r cause the high price of silver then rul
. aing made it more valuable than the
Sgold dollar, even if the country had not
been upon a paper basis. The commit
Stee of congress which dealt with the
bill dropped oiut the dollar altogether,
but retained the limitation of legal
tender. power to $5, which Mr. Knox
had proposed for all the silver coins.
SThe subsequent action of congress in
adopting a trade dollar for use in China
Sis well knowna.
SDirector Preston will present coples
Sof the coinage l1w in its several stages
and the correspondence which took
Splace betweii the treasury officials and
Scommittee of congress, showing that
Sthe purpose of the bi!l was thoroughly
understood at every. stage of its con:
b sideratlon. Another feature which he
proposes to embody in his annual re
I port 'is i 'description of coinage, from
i.the Ioint Where the inetal is taken
from- the minne utitil it toe paid over the
couter in right coins. Every stage
iof the prceuss of smelting and relining
Sthe metal, making the die, stamping
tlid coins, millfg the edges and hand
Ing them in m tthe mint, will be fully set
Weighing Livlng Fllh.
S i vlhitorrat the aquarim who had.
ondered.how they managed to get the
eight of a live fAsh ccurately Ilarued
a +that as really a very simple
to o. The isbs~put intoa pail
_ oT.ier, . b :is+' Weighed with the
S ei i the fah i. tlhle out
ih . water weighed without it.
I s. to. me: said thf igobbler,
wrld is disicasing the
s ,r of to Aripente*s,,
t some attention to Ush
FROM A VETERAN.
THE FAMOUS JESSE HARPER r
ON, THE LATE FIGHT.
The People's Party Platform, Shibboleth,
the Specie Basis the Crime of the
Nineteenth Century-Paper Money the
Editor Representative:-The farce of t
the body politic-sul omnis-in the
election of the 3rd of November, em
phasizes the saying:
"And all of our yesterdays, have lighted
The way to dusty death."
The epic of gold and sllver-1596 to t
"Fcols are my theme, let satire be my c
For forms of government let fools con
And ever since the conquest, have been
Quoth she, I've heard old cunning
Say, fools, for argument, use wagers.
Gold and silver, twin relics of barbar
'The paradise of fools' is where 'con- c
cert,' is used
To enact un-right into law-and open
To suckle fools and chronicle small
This is the day that revives the
chivalric, and untombs the knight of i
300 years ago, Saaredra Miguel De Cer
vantes, known as wide as earth. Don
Quixote First, who represented the
"fools'" of his age, as fully as "Furios"
does the "Knaves" of the present.
Don, away back there. seated on his
war horse, Rosinante, followed by his
faithful Sancho, on his ass-charged
the "Wind mills, for the space of a
day" and the "mills" withstood the
charge and smiled. And now, in the
Knight errantry for the "precious
metals," Don Quixote Second, mount
ed on Balaam "Hone," cap-a-pie, from .
head to foot, shouting-"Silver the is
sue"-followed by his faithful Sancho,
(Bunco) on his ass, the twain bellow
ing, "Subordinate everything to 're
monetizing' silver."-Ludificarl Fallere.
They' assault the "Gold bug wind mill"
-the other half of the false bases.
And the "mill," as in the case of
first Don, withstood the assault and
laughed at the push on gold, which is
And as the scattered, scar-worn vic
tims, of the "silver alone issue," gath
ered their spoils from the ensanguined
fiel 'and possessed themselves of the
wealth, wrested from the enemy-it
r was found they had the "issues" and
the enemy had the "omfices," and with
them, much goods laid up for many
And the wail comes up from the
"The harvest is passed and the sum
mer is ended and we are not saved."
I Ah, hah.
And a lie enticed Ahab, and he was
slain at Ramoth-Gilead (which is Wall
street) with a "Single issue"-a lie. * *
We drop the satire and the song and
come to the plain we must all stand on
- -for we can do nothing against the
S"False clamour is falsehood."
B Put the fight on ground where' truth
Sand Justice, and God can support it
"Paper money is to be the money of
the future; absolute 'paper money."
Let "Paper Money vs. Metal Money"
be the war cry, as the 19th century
goes out and the O20th century is born
t to the new life.
With a Bible, a constitution and
e money, all stamped on paper-all re
' flexes from the heart, A flag stamped
l on silki the emblem of country-all
' standing on the earth; God's footstool
* and man's home.
a Mankind can have enough paper
a money. It cannbt have enough of the
S"Truth against the world."( Motto of'
5 the Kumree.)
k Flom this level of God'sengineering
d let us call to the rich, not alone in
t warning, but in lbve, also to them as
Ya brother man.
: Nbte:-For nearly five months no ef
e fort that I could put forth, has been
spared in the Cause of justice and hu
n manity. I worked in season and out
Sof season, with all my intellectual,
. moral and physical powers, to secure
8 the election of Win,. 3. ;Bryan-seeing
g all the time the false issue that in
Shiered to our cause--metal money.
1 "Throw them both to the moles and
it bats," and, turn to the People'i party
platformn adopted at St.Lotis, at the
national conventlon, July 22, 1896,-
which is the first born political child
of the Declaration of Independence;
Sand when utilized, life, liberty and hap
e piness will be a verity.
STurn from the niis-rule of political
e despotism, because the trend of the
' struggle is:
L 1st-The elass against the mass.
2nd--Thegreed against the want.
3rd-Tyranny against humanity.
4th-Monarchy against the Repub
* llc--as the lars now stand.
e The Divine irlt, His voalce.
S"Come now, you rich, weep and nla
15 meat .over tetd~ miseries of yours
r Which are aroaiabing..
S"Your rich tor s • h. a dayed, and
your garments have become moth
"Your gold and silver have become
rusted, and the rust of them will be
for a testimony against you, and con
si'me your bodies like fire. You have
laid up treasures for the last days.
"Behold, that hire, which you fraud
ulcntly withheld from those laborers
which harvested your field, and the
loud cries of the reapers have entered
the ears of the Lord of Armies."
Danville, IlL J. HARPER.
Nov. 3 Was Only a Bull Run.
The Silver Knight of Cleveland, 0.,
makes the following sensible observa
"There are those of us old enough
to remember the wave of disappoint
ment, almost of despair, that swept
over the country when the news
came of the defeat of Bull Run. But
it was not many years before we re
alized that the defeat was a God-send.
If the Union troops had won at Bull
Run the war would have closed on just
one more compromise and nothing
would have been settled. There is a
broader issue than the silver question,
and that is the money question. De
feated in the first fight on the silver
question, it behooves us to discuss the
money question, of which the silver
question is but a part. The power to
issue money must be taken out of pri
vate hands, and all that circulates as
money, whether gold, silver or paper,
must be issued by the federal govern
ment exclusively. We must stand for
the treatment of silver on, an equality
with gold at the mints, because silver
was never constitutionally demonetized
and discriminated against, and those
unconstitutional laws degrading silver
from standard money to token coin
must be swept from the statute book.
The government is under obligation to
coin gold and to coin silver into stand
ard money, and it may coin paper, but'
it has no authority to indorse the notes
of any banking corporation."
"There is now pending before Con
gress a bill providing for a Govern
ment telegraph, which will come up for
further consideration at the next ses
sion of Congress. The bill owes its
existence to the International Typo
graphical Union, which for years has
f fought a valiant battle for a national
telegraph system. The bill, if passed,
will cause the operation of a telegraph
by the government on a cost basis, and
free from the discrimination so fre
quently practiced by the Western
Union monopoly. The news, freed
e from the grasp of this octopus (which
t consults its own interests and not the
people's as to whether newspapers are
needed in certain localities or not, and
Sacts accordingly),daily newspapers will
springup like magic all over the United
e States-publications not tinged with
the monopolistic hue of the Western
Union, but papers that Are free td ad
vocate true 'peform measures without
fear of losing the necessary comple
s ment, to their business, the news."
I Telegraphers' Advocate.
And there's some more Populism for
you. But It is no new idea. In fact,
a there isn't a single Populist principle
e that is new. We are simply a party of
the people, of advanced ideas, and want
to adopt the best and reject the worst
h of all the governments in the world.
It would be no trouble to do.so if It
were not for the pecuniary interests of
Condition or Iron ilnersr.
SA correspondent- ot the Telegraphers'
Not long since I wrote upon the coan
dition of the iron miners in,Michigan.
SAt that time they were sting dogs, and
Sthe governor proposed, in case they at*
tempted to secure any other food by
Sother means than those prdesacribed by
their masters, to send the entie state
Smilitia up for the purpose of giving
them a good dinner of bullets. It seems,
however, that this will not be required.
since the daily papers bring the cheer
ins news that the miners are peaceaillY
starving to death. The Times-Herald
says thousands are starving upon the
SGogebic range, and unless assistance is
given them this winter, that'the snow
will drift over the graves of hundreds
of paupers who died from.lack of food.
Today, with the harbingers of winter in
the air, there are strong, willing work
ers prowling about looking.for a bit:
of refuse that will answer tie purpose
Sof food-who are hunting deperately
Sfor work-thousands of hollow eyed
women seeking in vain to still the cries
of their famishing brood, thousands
,upon thousands of helpless little chil
Sdren, without shoes, clothing or educa
tion, and unable to comprehend why it
does not come, upon the Gogeble iron
It is some consolation, however, that
al the constant agitation of ecbnoinc
e questions is attracting the notice of
such prominent men as Mr, Wilson.
The Populist party has been to the ftoe
in this matter., It forces a considera
tion of the income tax and secured
b- the passage of a law for that npurpose.
The adverse decision of the Sulpreme
Court only eimphasized the justice of
- another one of the problems the party
ri has uublicly, diseUssed--tiet qo~ the
.powers of the' courts, and tieir aggrese
4 siena upon the rights of the people.