Newspaper Page Text
BY JOHN H. OBERLY & CO.
CAIRO, ILLINOIS, MAY 27. 1871.
ONLY DAILY PAYER IN EGYPT.
'ATAWMA OhAPK TILLS.
OATAVrnA (MAl'E PILLS.
t'ATAWIIA (JHAI'K PII.LH.
CATAWIIA ORAI'E PILLM.
CATAWIIA flltAPK PII.I.
CATAWHA OIMI'K 1'ILI-K.
t'ATAWIIA OltAPK I'lLLS.
S ARSAP AllTLL A
VLVID EXTRACT ARSATARILLA.
VLVIV EXTRACT HAMAPARILLA.
KLUJD EXTRACT HARfAI'ARILLA.
FLUID rXTRACT BARSArAWLLA.
FLUID EXTRACT KAKSAPARILLA.
VLCID kXTRACT PAR AIM RILL A.
APRIL, MAY AND JUNK,
itrify tiik m.oon.
Id Ihe.e month
iielmoolii'h rLun extract maksapa-
Cure i all Eruptioni cf the SUn.
UELMnoLI' FLUID EXTRACT fiARSAPA
RII.I.A Curet llio wort form of Mood Diaeuet.
IIF.LMROMi'K FLUID EXTRACT h ARt A PA
PnWra hav ily Into Die Cirriilation of Ihr
IIELMHOLIn FLUID EXTRACT HARSAPA
RILLA UraUtlUn the Compleiion.
.i".owJ'r ,nJ oJ applicatlona deitroy
. ! '"'lf -UK l barh ud cnara. Look at
III akin of olil maid and Ihote who haieu.ed
uch any length of lime. Jl) miner U to lit.
continue them, and use
HELMUOLD'h FLUID EX1RAI.T HARfcAPA
KILLA. One lottle It equal In itrentfth tn one gallo-i of
Hie Hyrupa or Ieoocion a usually made; and
a wine-jfaae added to a pint of Hater equal the
ce'ebrated LIHIKJN DIKT Dltl.NK. Try It till
way A delightful beverage.
HELMUOLD'H CATAWHA (IRAPE PILL
IIELMBOLD'B CATAWHA OKA IT. PILL
A pleasant, afe and agreeable Cathartic,
HELM HOLD' fl CATAWHA OHAPE TILLS
Uei In all affection where a Purgative Medicine
11 kl.M HOLD' CATAWHA CIHAPE PILLS
ilarmlao lo a rhllJ, and taken by children.
UELUHOLD'ti CATAWHA QRAPK PILLH
Supersede Magneala, Malta and every oilier Pur-
HELMliOLIl'rl CATAWHA (IRA IT. PII.LH,
Certain in enVct, and pleatant in opcratiun.
HELMROLD'a CATAWHA GRAPE PILL
la not a patented Pill.
HELMUOLD'H CATAWHA ait APE FILLS
Areeomposed ot Catawba firape Juke and Fluid
How t prooetd in the Spring und Hummer
uontha, to Insure new life, new t.iood, yen vigor :
Purchase two bottle of IIKLMIIOLD'S HAtcjA
FA It ILL A and one box ol iMLLJt-worth their
weight in gold.
No letter investment can te made lor so mnall
II ELM HOLD'S FLUID EXTRACT 1IUCIIU
11m acquired a worlds Ide fame.
A 1.1 of ray preparallona are meritorioim. A
period of twenty years liaa proved thl to bo
See remarks made by Hcnlamin Truverte, F. It.
C, H. Speaking ol those dlseasen, and discaiea
rltlng from the nctn of mercury, he Malm
that no remedy la eiiual lo the Kxlract of Sarsa
parilla, ita potter It extraordinary, more no than
any other drug 1 am acquainted with. It 1, in
In the itrictoat sense, a tonic, wltttthii Invaluable
attribute tlukt It la applicable lo a state of tho
aiatam ac aunken, iind vet ao Irrilal.le, oa rcu
dart other aabUncc bf tho tonia cla. unavail
able or iniurioua.
Hee RKMAHKSot tho CRKAT CHEMISTS AND
PILL MKN UK AM EI1ICA i
H'm, IL Warner t Co.,
IS North Third utrcet, 1'hil.idelphia, pa.
11. T. Helmbol.ii 1
Eateemed Friend I congratulate you nn
having the handaomctt and at tlin aatiin time the
Uoat ErTective Pill that I have ever known for the
purpoata Intended. WM. 11. WAItNKIl It CO.
U.T, Helmlold will remark, in conclusion, that
hit remedial are the reault of long od careful
t,,.d. The Fluid Kxtractd have been befcre the
public twenty veara. The tale of them in that
time prove their value. All bare been benefit
ted by them who followed my initructiont, and
to-day they aland unequalled In the extent of
tuetr aale, and unaurpaaaed bv any medicament
in the biapentatory of the illtilled Htatee, not
excepting a einglo Herb, Itoat, Plant, or Helen
Pharmaceutical I Halm all mine to bo, and have
never patented a tingle one.
To diapel any Imprettlon or prejudice that
might exiat In the mlnda ol manr agalnit my
preparationi, from the publicity given through
advertlalng. Rod that I am and hSv" Iwcn a drug,
g lit for a iierlod of twenty yeara, und more con.
clualvely to preve thlt toe etter from the largest
manufacturing chcuiltta in the world I
I am acquainted with Mr. HT.'iPhnbol'dVhe
occupied the drug atore opnoiile tny residence,
and was auccesaful In conducting the hutlneta
where othera had not been equally ao before him.
I hare been favorably Impretaedwlth hit charac
ter end enterprise. WILLIAM WIUIITM AN.
Firm of Powera 4 Wlghtman, manufanturing
chemlati, Ninth and Ilrown atrtets, Philadel
phia. an stand ox lima xraiTH.
Tho Pill I have thought of olfering to the aftlto.
ted for ten yean.
They are uow norfeot, and I abalt atake my
time, money and fame on their cflecttveneti.
Tie inviting atyle in which the pill lltelf Is made,
the bottle, label, wrapper all ahow with what
fr iher have been tirenared. After elimina
tion, no English nr French preparation will ahow
groator care. au hiq realty pruuu ui mem.
. Imteal of the naittootia-looklnir. carelettlv
prepared PHI vended generally, and put up In
wooden boxei. and made senerallv. or offered
by thote having to experience as phyalcliins,
druggists or manufacturers of medioinn, teot
ine meoiciue uuereu uy your oueuiem leivaev,
U. T. HELMBOLD.
Crystal Palace Prug Store, No, V)i Broadway,
Palace Pnarmaojr, fJUsey House, Hroivlway, and
Twentv.nlnth street. New York.
Temple cf Phermaov, Continental Hotel, I'liila.
delphia ; and No, t(H Houth Tenth street, I'WI-
JiAURA KAMI flny ilio I too linndioino
to bo hung.
.lUDdF. IlRF.EfiE, of tho Supremo Court
of tlili State, it wrloiuly 111, nt Ottawn.
flov, 1'almer Is to bo onn of tho ipenk
cri nt a grand celobrntion of tho coming
4th of July, In Chatham.
Tiik Suprome Court of Illln.iW cnin
mences Its noxt rngtilar term nt Mt. Vr
noii, on Tuesday, tho sixth day of June
J. iliLTov Tuilvkil colored, lint beun
appointfd Mlnljlcr and Consul (Jencntl to
Liborlit. IIo Li tho flrnt rolorcd diplomnt
cnt abroad by this government.
Jackho.vville Is agitated on tho sub
ject of tho employment of womon us prln
cipals in the public school. The Journal
takes ground against it on the ground that
It will degrado tho schools.
The remains of tho Into John llifnel,
and tboo of his wife, who now rest In
Jiutcbimon Cemotry, nro to be removed,
with appropriate ceremonies to Oak llidgo
Cemetery, whero a beautiful monument
has ben erected by the .State, to his mem-
linllroad and Heal Kataile Necurlllet.
If wo comtiaro rtrat-class railroad bonds
with real ostato tnortcnues us an invent-
ment lor tho pooplo generally, each will
bo found to have peculiar advantages of
their own. Foroxamplo u railroad bond
U readily and always negotiable; it cash
rnluo is known by nil bankers, and hence
It can bo tued as collateral nt bank for
temporary loans; the Interest it bears is
regularly and promptly paid, without
trouble or expense to tho holder; tho in
vestor in railroad bonds, unliko tho owner
of real ostato mortgages, has no anxietv
about the liffc to 1 10 property on which
his bond is secured, inturanco on build
ings, or the annual payment of tuxes on
which thecontinued soundness of thnt title
On the other hnnd, it is to bo admitted,
that a first mortgage on valuable land Is
ono of the best possiblo securities. Tho
property enn noitner run away nor burn
up. 1U valtio is not utiectcd by specula
ttvo combinations, nor by Quclurtlons in
tho amount of railroad trafflc. Tho actual
valuo of good land steadily increases with
uiu aiuuuv gruwm oi population.
It Is becauso the 7-:i0 bonds of thn
Northern l'aciflc Kailroad arc both a first
class railroad security, and real citato
mortgage, on lands worth twice the
amount secured, that wo commend them
to ttiofo of our readers who desire, an in
vestment that is safo beyond question,
while ronlly negotiable and bearing a good
rato of ititoreft. Thov uro a 3rt lien, not
only on a great railroad and its trulllc, but
in ndditlon are a first mortgsgo on valu
able lands at tho rate of o'J acres to each
$100 of indobtedncfs. Add to this the
fact, that the rato of intercut I" 3-10 per
cont cold.) is moro than H per cent, cur
rency, and that tho bonds aro always ex
changeable at 10 per cent, premium for tho
lands on wutcn they nre fecureu, (practi
cally giving the power of forcclosuro at
will) and it Is easy to explain tho high
ravor with whlcn theso securities aro now
rczarded. Central l'aciflc H: H. bondi.
securod only on tho railroad itsolf, and
bearing only six per cent, gold interest,
are now selling at 103, and they are well
worth the price, in the light of this fact,
it is not unsafe to predict that Northern
Pacifies, bearing soven and tbrco-tenths
per cont. gold interest, secured both on
tho railroad and on 23,000 acres of land
to each mile of track, and now soiling at
par, will at an early day bo worth 1.10.
(From the Terre Unite Gacctte-Republicun.)
The New Uemocrstlle Departure.
Tho Democratic Convention, which as
sembled at Dayton, Ohio, yesterday, passed
tho resolutions winch will bo tounu in our
telographic column to-day. Wo suppose
they announce tho "now departure" riiich
the Democracy of tho whole country will
eventually lake. Wo never had tho pleas
uro of reading a better set of resolutions.
Thoy nro just to tho point in every par
ticular. "Wo udopt them as our creed
almoH in whole and in part. Tho
old issues growing out of tho war
aro laid aside, and tho vital
issues of tho hour considered. All the re
cent amendments to tho Constitution uro
regarded as fettled, and a general amnes
ty asked for. Wo hail thoso resolutions
as tho bocinnine of n new stuto of politi
cal notion which will eventually command
tho support of tho best men of tho country,
of all parties. Tho timo is fast approach
ing when the opinions of tho moro politi
cian will bo forced to glvo placo to tho
view of statesmen, and domagogucs who
havo stood in high places for years since
tho war, will bo pushed nsldo by tho strong
common sonso oi tno people, ana iiicir
places occuplod by ablor and bettor men.
May that auspicious moment approach
rapidly and certainly.
iSotiio weeks sinco nn eight year old
son of J. "W. Clarson. of honoshn, "Wis
consin, wont to the depot to moot his
fathor. who was oxnectcd from Chicairo.
Mr. Clarson did not come, but tho littlo
boy saw a coflln containing tho body of a
lady taken from tho train ; his livoly lm-
BHiimun ptciureu tno aoau body oi uu
fathor In the coffin, and ho hurried homo
to stato his fears to his mothor. Tho
mother did till sho could to convlnco tho
uoy to tno contrary, but his norves re
eolved such a shock that ho could not rc
cover, and ho died April 30.
ft&Tlin rrriind In PV itf WslnrtV nnnni ii
Alabama, roport that aftor a careful und
rigid examination, "thnt thero is not now,
nor hat thoro over bcon In 'Wilcox county.
any such organized set of inon opposing
.! .e u. l r. n,
tho United States, slnco tho surrender."
KAItLY II I8T0KV-L0CATI0X-M AX.
In Cairo Unlit-allli) ?
TOUArCO MAIIKET, KTC KT'.
(Troin the SI. I.oul Journal of Commerce )
FLOUR AND SALT.
Within tho past two or thrco yoars an
immenso trade in tho two staples lias bcon
built up hero, showing what Individual en
terprise can accomplish in turning tho
currents of trado to this point. Tho actu
nl sales of flour in this market during
1870 were 211,087 barrels. About 76,000
burrols of flour a venr nro manufactured
here. This Is mainly done by tho "City
m ins oi v nancs iiaugncr,wnoso spicnuiu
reputation throughout tho Southwest keep
inem constantly working up to tlicir
.Salt is being shipped to Cairo in im
mense quantities in bulk, and hero put up
in barrel. J no juiuuay itrotncrs con
trol tho trade in this article, and wo bo
licvo it was a plan first conceived by them
to umizo tno commonly considered worth
less cotton-wood lumber for making salt
barrels, i no barrels nro put up ncro In
lino style, with flat hoops, and aro much
bettor for salt than thojo of any othor
timber, as for bomo reason they do not
stain at nil. This is an. important Item in
this trade. Tho yearly sales of tho Halli
day Iirothers amount to nearly 50,000 bar
rels. 1 bey navo now in their Immense
warchouao over 30,000 barrels in bulk.
of Cairo Is Immense, and is mainly done
through tho wharf-boats, and tho Illinois
James Johnson, hr tho nircntof the
latter, informs us that 00,835 bales of cot
ton wcro forwarded through his offices
last year, and that tho total amount of
freight forwarded over the road from this
point was e0.3C0,28: pounds, und tho total
nmount received was 3i!l,477,40'J pounds.
Tho largest and finest wharf-bout hero
or any whero else is owned by Capt J. M.
i'hilips. it is 3ie icct in length, i7 feet
wide und two stories high, with tho same
capacity for light freights above, that it
has lor Heavy freights below, while its car
tying capacity is moro than 4,000 tons. It
cost $35,000, and is without doubt tho fin
est wharf-boat in tho United States. Capt.
Plilllins has full faith In the future of Cai
ro and has certainly shown his faith by
Tho Halliday Hros., besides a largo and
commodious wharf-boat, own an immense
warehouse, and both seem indispensable to
to accommodate their largo und varied
business. Nono aro moro prominently
idontified with tho various commercial in
terests of Cairo, than this enterprising
IIS CAIRO UNHEALTHY?
Tho popular and almost universally re
ceived answer to this most important
question, may bo found iu Chapter xli of
tho "American otcs." in 181'J, Uuarles
Dickens, while making his tour, us self-
constituted critic of this country and
everything pertaining to it, floated past
luiro in a ticumuoat, anu, without setting
his foot on shore, proceeded to "write
till'' tho place, as follows: "At tho (unc
tion of the two rivers, on ground so tint
and low, and marshy, that nt certain
seasons of tho year It ii Inundated to tho
house-tops, lies a breeding place for fever.
ague and death. A distnsl swamp, on
which tho half built houses rot nway;
cleared hero and thero for the spaco of a
few vnrJi, and teeming then with rank,
unwholesome vegetation, in whose baleful
shade the wretched wanderers, wbo uro
tempted hither, droop and dlo and lay
their bones; tho hateful Mississippi
circling and eddying before it, and turn
ing ou on its southern course, a slimy
monitor hideous to behold ; a hot-bed of
disoaio. an ugly scpulcher, a gravo un
cbcered by any gleam of promise; & placo
without ono single quality tn earth or air
or water to commend it ; such is tho dis
When ono reads this oxtravagant libel,
in tho light of tho actual facts, ho can
hardly repress tho Indignant exclamation
of Jack Falstatl", " Lord I Lord I how
this world is given to lying."
v ...l..l,t i . r.. ..e .t.!. i
u u iiiitut, it, tuiubiibivu ui tint gcucnii-
Iv received but ontiroly erroneous opin
ion, cito tho testimony of many of tho
oldest citizens, whoso halo and hearty
looks aro tho best confirmation of their
words on this point, while, to our own
minds, tho bright eyes and ruddv counte
nances of tho boys nnd girls wo had tho
pleasure of seeing tho other day in tho
public schools, Is sufficient proof 'that tho
muiiuuiiinous children ol Uiilronro being
reared in no " hot-bed of disease," but
rattier under tho most favornblo climatic
conditions of health. This Is u point of
sucli vital importanca to tho interests of
nny place, nnd one from a misunderstand
ing of which Cairo has suffered so much
that wu append the following extract from
u report of Col. O. T. Alien, Jledlcal In
spector U. S. A., published July 01, 18C5 :
".Sinco tho autumn of 180'2, it has been
my frequently recurring duty to inspect
tho post oi cuiro, witu its troops, camps,
barracKi, hospitals unci military prison :
to study its sanitary laws and diseases and
to direct iU military hygiene. As a re
sult of my observation mid experience, I
am prepared to assert that, with filth
enough within its lovco to poison all tho
pooplo of somo largo und populous cities
during tho summer solstlco, it is oven then
quite us healthy as any othor placo in tho
'I attribute- tho salubrity of Cairo to
sovcral Important considerations that uro
palpable to every oxporionced observer,
and also to a mom important cauio which
does not oporato in favor of any othor
point in tho United States, viz. s
"1st. Tho fact that having no elevation
of tho surfaco in it, around it, or within
many milos of It, It Is troo from tho nox-'
ious accumulations of fogs nnd miasmas
that rest, morning and evening, during
much of tho year, on tho brows of nil tho
blufl' along our Western rivers, and aro
dreadfully potent in engendering disease.
"2d, Tho frco nnd almost constant
swoop of puro air down nnd up the Missis
sippi and Ohio rlvors, and noceuarily, in
un uninterrupted courso across every part
of tho town.
"3d. Tho freo. rapid curronts ot abovo
rivers, over washing tho borders of Cairo
and rapidly floating away all that would
accumulate around many other cities.
"Without all tho above influence tho
city would bo very unhealthy ; but tho
great causo ever operating to freo Cairo
from miasmatic, cudematlc and epidemic
Influences, exists In the fact that tho wa
ter on ono sido of Cairo, in tho Mississippi
river, is brougtht from tho for North,
where tho "Pother of Waters" drinks his
never falling-supply from tho crystal bo
som of a hundred hyperborean lakes;
whllo n lorgo part of that of tho Ohio
river, on tho other lido of tho town, flows
through tho Cumberland nnd Tcnncsnco
rivers, from tho vory heart of Dixlo, and
is always sovcral degrocs warmor than
tho former, whero tho channels moot.
" Tho air over the Ohio at Cairo, is there
fore, correspondingly warmer than tho air
over tho Mississippi on tho opposlto side
of tho city. Tho noccsary result oi tnn
palpable fact is, thnt tho warmer air ove
tho former river ascends, whllo tho coole
air over tho latter rushes in to tako lis
place, and vou. consenucntlv. constantly
havo n very free and cool breezo from tho
-Mississippi, over und through Cairo to tfie
unto, that promptly drinks up ovory gas
n rnpiuiy as it is goncrnied."
This testimony is certainly sufficiently
pointed, clear and philosophical to satisfy
tho most skcptlclc. Wo will only ndd that
tno heavy timber nnd dense undergrowth
which onco covored tho doltn, nnd which
undoubtedly did cause, to somo extent,
tho generation of poisonous miasmas, havo
been entirely removed, while tho miles of
sewerago constructed during tho past few
years, perfectly drains the city of tho filth
nnd sipo water that hns a tendency to col
lect Insido tho fewers.
Owing to tho largo accessions to tho
population of Cairo during the war, by
reason of its favorablo position for tho
distribution of supplies nnd troops by tho
government, nnd tho stimulation of trndo
incident thereto, tho prices of city proper
ty advanced rapidly, from nbout 1803 to
tho close of tho wur. und continued for
sevcrul yenrs thereafter to keep at extrav
agantly high figures. But as the country
settled to it condition of peace nnd much
of this floating population left with tho
armies, tho prices of real ostato began to
full, and at last havo settled down to Figure,
which aro very low, and unquestionably
oflur inducements not inferior to anv city
in tho West. "
Whllo thero Isno speculative movement
whatever in real estate, yet thero has been
for soveral months pat u steady demand
for, nnd snlo ot lots at low prices, the pur
chasers being in most cases, persons who
menu ino limnoaiato erection or buildings
for business purposes or residences. In
view of tho recent establishment of largo
manufactories here, and the prospective
erection of others nt an early date, and tho
consequent forwaid impetus tho town has
taken, together with tho certainty of a
lurgo increaso in her railroad facilities
within a short tiiric, tho present Is deemed
ajnost favornblo timo for Investment in
Citiro ileal J-.statc. uood residence lots
may now be had at from $100 to 100, and
desirable butiness lots, off tho Levee, ut
irom 5-uoto 5i00. Tho constant and in
creasing demand for property for immedi
ate improvement is tho best evidence or
tho healthy growth of Cairo. To thoso
who may desiro moro particular informa
tion, not only respecting Cairo, but the
surrounding country, we would say that
uoi. ttnuL Taylor, us Trustee ol tno
" Cairo City Property Company," repre
sents tho extensive landed interests of Unit
organization, while Col. C. Winston is tho
authorized agent of nearly nil tho non
resident property ownors. Theso gentle
men are among tho most prominent of tho
citizens of Cairo, and being thoroughly
identified with her truo interests and ulive
to all that pertains to hor honor and wel
fatu their representations may bo implic
itly relied upon as accurate, and their deal
ings as honorable
Thrco things determine whether a town
is so located as to bo ablo to build up
manufacturing intoresti on a large scale.
1st: Facilities for ;heap und ready trans
portation in all directions. 2nd: An
abundant supply near at hand of tho raw
material entering into tho manufactured
products. 3d : Cheap fuel. Most of the
great manufacturing centers of tho world
havo had but one or two of theso elements
of special advantage. What shall wo say
of tho prospects of a place that has them
an in a marked degree
Cairo is centrally situated in tho Mis
sissippi Vulloy, nt tho junction of tho Ohio
and Mississip'pi rivers. During tho sen
son of navigation in the rivers abovo it hns
communication, by rivor, with tho whole
county north, from tho Alleghany to tho
Kscky Mountains, nnd being bolow any
obstruction in tho river by the Ico In tho
winter, or by low water in tho summer, It
has tho same communication with nil tho
.Southern country nnd tho Gulf of Moxlco
nt nil seasons of the year without inter
ruption. This point tliiu has tho advant
age of cheap rivor transportations to and
from nil parts of tho country tho greater
portion of tho year, and with tho South
ut nil time.
Tho books of tho wharf registor show
that tho number of steamboat arrivals at
this port, duriug tho year 180 woro -1,405
destributed through tho various months of
tho year as follows :
August .-. 320
Decombcr , 337
No Inlund port In tho United States
can show such a record at this, und it
speaks voluiuos, for tho advantago this
place has for cheap transportation in all
liy means of tho Illinois Central and
tho Mobile & Ohio Itailrouds, it is
brought into intimate und direct connec
tion with tho wholo net work of both
Northern nnd Southern railroads, whllo
tho completion of tho roads projected nnd
begun, will glvo hnr nil tho advantage of
competing lines, besides bringing itch
agricultural and mineral regions, hitherto
undeveloped, to her doors.
Tho great coul Holds of Southern Illi
nois, from which St. Louis draws uch
largo supplies, only CO to 70 inilei north
of Cairo, and easily accessible both by
rail and rivor. Tho coal deposits of tho
Lower Ohio arc less than one hundred
miles distant, whllo Immenso bargos of
coal can bo floated down stream at such n
trifling cost, that, practically, the great
coal fields of Western Pennsylvania are
at tho very doors of Cairo.
In a few weeks tho Iron Mountain
road will havo completed a branch from
Charlcitown to a nolnl onnnilln f.'nlrn.
This simple Item Is of tho utmost signifi
cance. Cairo is thus brought into direct
railroad communication with tho Iron
Mountain and Pilot Knob. Sho already
has river communication with tho Iron
regions of Tonncssco. What more favor
ablo placo In tho country for effecting t
junction of tho coal and Iron ores ncces
sary in smelting, whon, from nil dircc
lions both can bo brought on n down
grado, by rail or floated in bnrges down
uream to tins point.
Whon. tn addition to thls.wc tnko Into con
(deration tho agricultural productiveness
of tho country surrounding Cairo, and tho
iriimciisoquniiiuie.s oi unk, poplar, cotton
ouu, nan, uincK wainui anu oinor timucrs
useful in tho vuriotu kinds of wood man
ufacture that nro cnsilv acccssablo from
this point, it will bo seen thnt In her facil
ities for cheaply producing and distrib
uting manufactured articles of all descrip
tions, Cairo standi without n rival.
In order to practically demonstrate
these fact?, tho "City Property Company."
through Col. Taylor, somo timo since, with
wio liboralltv. oflerod to givo land or lots
in sufficient quantities to nccoramodntc
nny manufacturing business 'that would
establish Itsolf hero, of two or thrco of
which wo will briefly speak.
EAMF.s' HUH COMPANY.
Among tho flrst to tako ndvnntage of
tho liberal inducements offered to manu
facturers by Col. Taylor, were tho contlc-
men of tho abovo company, consisting of
r.. v . jiorgan, j-.sq., ot Ann Arbor,
.Michigan, President; Mr. C. 1. Parsons
of Cuiro, Vico President; Dr. D. H. Mor
gan, of Kussclvillo, Illinois, Secretary nnd
Trcasuror, and Mr. Wilfred Karnes, lato of
Kalamazoo, Michignn, Superintendent.
Kcprcscnting, us theso gentlemen do, im
menso capital, and proposing to put In
operation nn establishment that Is
destined to command pntronago
irom tuc rcmoiosi sections ot tho coun
try, it is certainly n vory flno compliment
to i.airo, that, otter a careful examination
ct many or the most eligible manufactur
ing points through tho country, thoy
should, nt Inst, havo selected this, as in
all respects, tho most dcsirenblo locution
for tlicir oxtonsivo works. A brief dct-
ription of their buildings, rapidly ap
proaching completion, their proposed plan
of operations, and of the patent machin
ery under tlujir exclusive control, by which
they wlIP bo able to distance nil compe
tition in. tho manufacture of hubs, will bo
of interest to our readers in this connec
Tho grounds selected for tho buildings
uro locntod on ttio upper portion ot tho
Ohio Levee, and cmbrncu two wholo
blocks of town lots ono block fronting
on tho Levee, nnd tho other on tho "ltuii-
road Strip and Commercial Avenuo. A
moro convenient lite for purposes of ship
ping, ns well ns for nil tho operations of
the establishment could hardly bo immng
On tho Levco Block, ono of tho main
building, is just being completed. This is
a spacious bricK structure, cuxso feet, and
wireu aiunus 111 iieigm, coimrucieu in
manner to withstand the inr of tho heav
lest machinery. Tho walls nro 22 inches
In thickness, braced through and through
wiiii neavy iron rous, wnno the lloors uro
supported by iron trusses of grout
strength. On tho first floor, bosidos tho
ongino nnd boiler room, will bo tho hub
machinery; in the second story, tho spoko
lathes and circular saw mill, and in tho
third, tho bonding, folloe and wheel de
Contiguous to the building lust de
scribed will be erected a lorgo foundry
and muchlno shop, 00x100 feet, and of
uniform height and character. In this
building tho company propose to manu
facture all thoir own castings nnd ma
chinery, and to accommodnta tho oulildo
demand of the city, rivor and surround
ing country. Immediately below tho ma
chine shop, n third building of similar
sizo will no put up, in which tno inanu
fucturo of wagons and agricultural im
Elements will bo carried on. On tho rear
lock, boarding houses, dwellings and a
variety storo will bo erected for the occu
pancy and accommodation of operatives
i- .1... r. f . ' . mi. .
iu iuu luuuurj' nnu uu'iurics. xueso UUI1U'
ings aro being erected under tho superin
tondenco of Mr. William M. Jkcmiin, of
Jvuiamuzoo, whoso skill and oxpcrlonco as
a carpenter nnu nouso builder, aro omy
excelled by his jovial good nature us it
Thus it will bo seen that tho plans of
this company uro on tho most broad nnd
comprehensive scale, nnd without any
flourish of trumpets, thoy nro quietly
pushing them to u speedy consummation.
As n guaranty of success, thoy havo, be
sides umplo capital nnd largo practical ex
perience, tho control of machinery thnt Is
destined to mark nn orn in tho manufac
ture of hubs. So much in advance is it
of tho best machinery no? in uso, that
competition witli it is rendered absolutely
Without attempting a detailed descrip
tion of tho machines used iu making n
hub, for thoy must bo soon to bo under
stood, theso nro tho successive steps from
tuo rougu oiock to tno completely
finished hub ready for tho paint.
Tho rough block is placed, flrst, In tho
oormg nnu Keg mucnino, whlcli at tho
bbiiio timo, bores tho block, and takes from
It a shell, leaving a cyllndor of tho re
quired size. Thoso shells, thus token oil',
havo only to bo smoothed down, expanded
by steum and bonds placed, in tho ondi,
and thoy aro perfect kegs of one ntnvel
Hio protlit on thoso nlono will pay tho ox
pctiso of making tho hub.
Tho board cylinder Is then passed to thu
mandrel driving machine, thcuco, with tho
mandrel to tho turning latho, whero it is
shaped by a form extending tho eutlro
length of tho hub. Tho mandrel being
driven out, the hub is then passed to tho
mortising machine This last is quite as
much of a marvol of u labor saving Inven
tion, ns tho sowing mnchluo or renper. It
is nothing less than a tnachlno for boring
a jiare hole, nnd that too, In less timo
than any augur now In use bores a round
ono, at tho somo timo cleaning out tho
chip and leaving tho mortUo smooth nnd
clear. To nny of our rcador., who, llko
Horatio, nro ready to exclaim
I might not this believe
Without the icnsiblR and trim avouch
of mine own evet."
wo would say, that wo'vo had tho "occular
proof' Tho hardest piece of seasoned
oak that could bo found In tho shot) wn
tilled with perfectly mortised holes in our
prctenco, und so perfectly and smoothly
does this machine do it work, thnt parti-
nuin uu niiunur iunn a aneoi nl nne
were left between them. Two of theso
maohlnts are used on opposlto sides In
mortising tho hub. so thnt only seven
drives ot tho machine nro required, to
tnortiso tho largest hubs, requiring on nn
avcrngo, ""'y thirty seconds to do tho
This wonderful mnchlne was originally
Invented and patented bv Mr. L. Karnes
of Kalamazoo, Mich., hut lint been greatly
improved by his son, tno efficient Muper
intendent of tho Cairo Work?, and in ov-
cry way leatcd by novoral veurs practical
operation. A largo part of tho business of
tno concern, will bo tho manufneturo of
thoso machines, for sash nnd blind facto.
rJcs nnd car works.
homo idea mnv bo had. of whnt thn huh
factory will bo nblo to do, when wo stato,
that, nil tho various machines used nro
perfectly nutomnilc In their movements,
tho only labor required In their operation
being in making tho changes from ono
machine to tho other, and with Ave or six
men to do this, two hubs n mlnuto can
easily bo mado from tho rough block.
TAVK AND DAIIRKI. VORKX.
Thoso of our St. Louis renders. csnocinU
ly interested in this branch of manufac
ture, will remember thnt nt our last Stato
Fair. Mr. II. Fish was tho successful ex
hibitor, who boro off. both tho first nnd
second premiums over thirteen competi
tors, for tho best flour barrel staves. This
samo.Mr. Fish has lately formed a part
nership with tun enterprising firm of Par
son & Davis, of this place, for carrying on
ino sinvo nnu unrrni business here on n
larco scale. Mr. Fish will nnrinnnlK- an.
porintend tho mechanical duties of tho
concern, wnno tno otner gentlemen will
nttona to tno financial matters.
Tho immonso quantities of lumbor suit-
ablo to their purposes, in closo proximity
to Cairo, mako it n desirablo point for tho
oxtensivo works this firm will soon havo in
operation. Thoy havo secured n largo
thrco story building formerly used as nn
elovntor, situated on tho bank of tho river,
so that their lumber can be floated to tho
very doors of tho factory.
A full lino of now machinery of tho best
patterns, is being rapid! v put in nlace.
nnd work will begin in u few day?. This
machinery was selected by Mr. Fish in
person, in has tern markets, nnd hns all
tho latest improvements, which, together
witli tho lifo long practicnl cxporionco of'
the Superintendent of these works, Is a
sufficient guarnntoo of tho superior quality
ot tno products tins inciory win soon bo
turning out. Tiioy will manutucluro all
graucs ot staves, besides running nn oxten
sivo coopor shop. Their capnclty will ba
twenty to twenty-fivo thousand staves nnd
n proportunuto amount of heading por
day. Wo consider this ono of tho most
valuable acquisitions to the manufactur
ing industries of Cairo.
CAIRO IIOX AND 1IAHKET COMPANY.
"Who hns not wnmleroil wlinrA oil iIia
boxes camo from, in which tho endless
quantities of small fruit aro yearly sold
on our markets ' V nil, last year, ono
million five hundred thousand of tho
quart boxes camo from tho Cairo Box and
Hasket Company a II orhs, together with
thousands or crates, peach baskets of all
sizes, clgur and candle box material, otc,
On looking through their cxtcnslvo es
tablishment tho other day, wo at last dis
cerned tho secret of how boxe3 can bo
mado so cheanlv. that. In tho sain nf
quart of strawberries, tho box seems tn ho
of no account, but can bo given away
with tho fruit. 3
Let us follow a poplar loo-, in its tran
sition from a raft In tho rivor, Into boxes
ready for tho market. First, it Is cross
cut into sections of from two to thrco feet
n length. Thoso sections nro then placed
In largo steam chests, having a copacity
of ten thousand feet, whero In about
twelve hours thoy become thoroughly
saturated with tho hot vapor. From this
cnosi tuo sections, ono by ono, aro swung
by a crone into tho cmbraco of a veneer
ing lathe, ono of thoso ingenious machines,
that can, In a fow minutes change ono of
thoso steamed sections into a continuous
ribbon of wood, no thicker than paper
or into candlo box material nearly half an
inch in thickness or into several hun
dred fruit boxes, nil grooved und mortised
rend to hn tint, tm.ntlinp in nti In.tnnt
it.nv"' ' ."""'V """"I
nnu iiuiii iiy a singio hick or into n mil
lion lOOUJD cKS. sharpened for nsn nr nfn
us many cigar taporn, and each taper hav
ing tho cabalistic S. T. 18C0 .V printed
upon It, If Mr. Drnko so elects.
Vet, llko all wonderful machines, this Is
a very simple ono. Tho cylindrical sec
tion is made to revolve rapidly against u
cylinder so furnished with knives ns to
cut into tuo solid wood just tho lengths
and widths required, whilu on tho oppositu
sido is u long sharp knife, shaving oil' tho
.... .!.! ... .1... .!-!..
ouisiuu iu uiu ruquisiiu iiuuiuiess.
Ono of theso machines will mako 60.000
quart boxen in a day. Messrs. F. K. Pco-
blos and J, W. i.esito aro tio proprietors
of this concern, nnd though their product
of boxes and baskets last year, was count
ed by tho millions, their trado extending
Into sixteen status anu Territories, vet tho
demand continues so to increaso that llio
will moro than double their capacity th
ST. CHARLES HOTKL,
ny notlco of Cairo would bo imper
fect without mention of this ono of tho
largest and most commodious hotols In
Southern Illinois. It Is of brick, with
brown stono trimmings, 80x100 foot In sizo
and four stories high, besides bnsoment
nnd garret. Tho rooms nro largo and well
ventilated, and all tho appointmonts of tho
building uro convenient und comfortable.
Its cost was over $00,000. This hotel has
recently boon leased by F. D. ltoxf''"'!
Into of Chicago, and under his suporvU
siou is undergoing thorough repairs,
at tho hands of paintors, pla'toron, pn
pcrors oud carpenters.
AVhntovor mnv hnvo boon tllO manogo-
mont hcrotoforo, certainly under tho now
administration, the comfort and entlro sat
isfaction of hlsguosts scorns to bo tho main
concorn of tho gentlemanly and obliging
proprietor. Tho travolor gratofully re
cognizes iu mine- host Kexford, that rate
who knows how to "keep
In tho nbovo hasty rovlowof tho moro
prominent intorosts of Cairo, we havo
wrltton of tho actual and not tho tradition.
al Cairo. When Mark Taplev satd ? "No
ono could'nt think of settling In abetter
placo than tho Wnlloy of Kdon." he was
evidently Joking. Mnny who havn sup
posed that no good thing could bo said of
Cairo, may accuse us of joking, too. But
wo can only nssurtsour readors, that what
has been set down to thn favorable account
of this placo has been set down In all
truth and candor.
!!!; WASHINGTON avknui:,
Cairo, : : : : JLHnois
Alu-iivi nn iiarul a tine touk of
WATCH KS, CLOCKS, JK1VKI.IIV, ETC
ffM'-irtleiihrallrntlon given lorepiirfna Kine
iSJ-ThoHrKeuiock of UoM nnd Hilver Spec
laden In tho city. myTJJni
KewC'ilftoni Home, Cairo. III...
May ICth, 1S71
Pealed proposals 111 be recelt ol at thu office of
Superintendent of the now Uu.loin lloii.e, nt
Cairo, IlllnolH, until 4 oVlcok ji.in., theSlth d.iy
nf May, 1871, for filling ami uradlng the Cnntoiii
Ilouni- block. The irool to 1m made for the
cublo yard delivered, ami Mill he me&iureil nfier
HIHns by tho Superintendent or an authorised
neni; nnd I'l per cent, of all imymentn to
lrti retnlneil until ..niiitlAllrn nf 11, a A.....H.n n't...
rami reiuiren win l rimiiu 7,uw cubic
more or lesn, nnd the fllllniMo becompletei
mud be accompanied by a bond of two renponnl.
bin persons In the iim of one thousand dollari
iiun- me ii uay oi noiemoer, mi. All Mil.
tnni ino iiiuiicr win accept and perform the eon
trnet nirurJed to him.
I ho Department reserve the right to reject
ly or all tho proposal..,
I'roposals to be endorsed, "PrepoMals for Filling
ami trading anu niinret.oii li, it. vease, m
intendent of Custom Hoii'e. C'tiro. Illlnoin.
' and ndilret.cil li, II. sease,tiuper.
-F, ifiiru, iiiinoiv.
0. II.HKAHK. Hup't.
A. TKI, AGLWTS.
Scventv-flve to tiro hundreildollnraner month
everywhere, male and female, tn introduce thn
deiiiilno Improved Common Seno Family Sewinir
Machine. Tills in.iohlr-o will Htltoli, hem; fell,
tuck, bind, braid, cord, nullt and embroider In u
most superior manner. Price onlv HIS. Fullv
warranted for five venra. Wo will v.nv 11.000 for
any mnchluo that will sow n. stronger, more benu
nun or more elastic acaininan oara. It mutes loa
'Kl.l.tlo f.oek Htlleli.' Every apennd ntitheati
bo cut, nnd atllt tho cloth cannot be pulled apart
without tearing It. wo pay agenta 375 to !2JU per
month and expunnes, nrncommisaion from which
twleo that amount can be mado, Forctreulara
aau lenns, nppiy to or nuureaa.
U. UUWMU3 X UU.,
tMHpruco Street, Philadelphia, Ta.
CiuTios. Do not bo linnosed upon bv other
patties palming ott worthlenacoat Iron machine
undar the aamn name or otherwle. Ours la the
ly aenulneanA really practical cheap machine,
Inventors !min buxicei with the Unifed
Slatea Patent Office will tlnd it lo their advantage
to Intntit it In the Viands of the old established
Mason, Fenwick & Lawrence,
1 uteut Agenta, IVaalilnBloii, 1. V.
They have done my busine.a to my aatli fac
tion, and I take pleasure in recommending them
to western Inventors.
WM. II. FAKIUK,
Inventorof Improved Revolving Tubiilir Water
Cairo, April :sn, 1871. aprWdim
JITY SHOE STOKC
HOOP SKIRT FACTORY
HOLE AOKSCY FOK
Commercial Avennn Corner orKlglitU
IlUUPSKlUTS and S1I
JTAND FOItTIIE I.AIVDIiESB
Homesfor the Homeless
OXI.Y 1 25 Pr.lt ACRE
FOR ACTUAL SETTLERS:
TAKE Till! ClIU Of TIIK
UAlYVKHTON It. K. 1. 1 NIC,
.ii--j ii, a u I 1C u uNaa t'll' and vi'il
I i lit o tJ u is iitr",
Tlie (Jurdi'ii ,SmiI of K'ansus.
TICKETS FOR SALE
FA UK From vernoot. I.ouilouilerrv
ainogotv or liietuMlo,yii to Cairo
Hull'ord, JforriN & C'audoc. Agfa
MVKItl'UUI., M.1V IOIIK AM) tHILARKLPHU
Under contractwlth the United States sndDrilishi
noyernmenta forearrylngthe malhi.
hpr I'liwairo Tiekeia or further Infarmalfon,
P.ly to JOHN II. DALE, Agent, 15 lwadwsy,'
NewVoik, or to i, HOIIl-'f.
nn t i . i . , . .. . - .... . . . . . ..I.
'ilS Washington avenue, Cairo, Ills.
30A14 AMD COM MHB VIAL JOB