Newspaper Page Text
A. WADOYiMAH, 31. J).,
WILLIAM It. SMITH, 31. J).
J) ESIPKNCE No. 21 Thirteenth at-crt, Ik
X, imtn Waahlngton avenue and Walnut lroi I.
i , we Ifli Commercial avenue, up lnlr.
0. W. DUNNING, 31.
TJ tIIE.NCE corner Ninth and Walnut M.
iV UBlee coiner Hath etreet and Ohio levee,
lifU-e. hours from fl,a.m. to )a m.t ami 9
AliliKN, MULKBV ,V WHHKI.Klt,
C0UN.SKI.0ltS AT LAW,
W.lllam J.Allen, )
Jo' ii U. MnlW. . J
baiiml P. Wheeler.)
rp-.ni. ntar attention paid, lo river nnd ml.
LOOMS 7 AND 8 WINTER'S 1II.OCK.
S AT LAW.
William 11 Oillrt
VBimvIiiI attention chin lo
office -tmo levee, rooms 7 anu
CITY NAT lllSM. IM.Vk.
Sunday Mornino, July 0, 1871.
JOHN II. OMEIILV, Kbitok mi I'lmnoim.
Tr or tilt IIAIIY Illl.tFTIM
One week, lijr carrier,
O-oyeirly carrier, In adianee 10 ()
Da mnitli. hy Mail J5
Thre month,..... !2 "J
Blx mii.lli 4 aj
One year, - - " "
Tht oMtinl pciiernfMexanUr roxntu itfiofthreityof
Can ; Iki vnlynonanf litulu in Suulktrn llUnuil ;
xb-cmauM"",1t tmall, but fault u ! out
tpuUn on aB MJtttl of Mfrtit to the pMie ;
vitt a tvtt antl turtauni cirtulttUin, Vie liuut
ttn aoiei Ik vnttvnaqt ot inttUiteiU rttulen ami
tHtayruiryJ Intuitu men.
THE IiOlJ.AB WEEKLY I1ULLETIN.
John 11. Olwrly A Co. hare reduced the nib
Kription price of tho Weekly Cairo llullctln to
Ont PUar'xr annum, making It the bhenpr.it pa
perpubliihcd In Southern Illlnola.
Bret Hahte's latest pocra, read bo
fore the l'hi Beta Kappa Society, of
Cambridge, has met with unfavorblc
criticism from all quarter?.
Tknsik C(.Al'l.l.v, sjicakiny of tho
row.jrliii;li,somctiiiic incc agitated tho
family circle of which s-lio is a member,
tenderly iloiKiiiiiimte.s it "a net-work of
' domestic hindrances."
A Mors preacher of Iowa at the
ripening of tho republican convention
of that Mate, with an nye pinglo to the
glory of tlie radical party, prayed that
tl)o Lnri wimd vnnuhsafu to it its usual
10,000 inijon'ty at the fall elections.
Miw. Viinlm?M, says " Hnivcrso'o
'rry. A!vr.iti) and I'antarchial govern-
itiv.ii :ui universal ;ivoriiinont which
' noli.ive always advocated arc not yet
' iiiider.lnoi or coinprehended bv the
'iiihs" .lust so. h'ot once. 31 rs.
Woodhull is right.
As a prospectivo candidato for tho
vice-iircsidoncy, Cameron does not
r-ecm to meet .with much favor from tho
radiciils. The Chicago Trlbuun pays it
i' too boon to sugjjOBt who shall be the
nJidato;butit isahvays in order to say
tint it shall not bo Simon Cameron.
Ami the Springfield, (3Itiss.) JfopnhH
1 1, one of tho most influential ropubr
livati papers in the cast, says : "Kvcn
' if lie should survive the nominating
convention, which is all but impossi
1 hie, the people would lay him out
' very cold at tho pplls. Thoy some
' limes elect rather queer men to oflico,
Mmt they feel, with Punch's barber,
' tint a liuo must bo drawn Honfbwherc."
fiiK"wouiiu movement" has received
"evv imjielm and tho cnsmo-political
l'-iny may now fairly count itself ahead,
ti i - - .
' "a gionous fourth just passed fccins
to lave been propitious to (ho causo of
'roiig.i.inded of tho weaker hex,
we find their hands strengthened
UJ lalling into Hnu of such valuable
leious to their cain-o, as Senators
'')"ui. Trumbull and Uichard Yates.
"ie liirmer in .... ..i'..i i
"" Hie Fourth, boldly declared that "the
' f'ght of women to participate in the
t! 'enimcnt of the country whenever
ty ak fot U, cannot be denied ; aud
, ",iuu win be ull the better uud
I'ure, for tliclr participation in politt
ffuirs." Hero U came to make
Wrllt of the whole p.alanx of wo
man ri,,w if. ,l
A. im o. 1 "' u,"sou. leu
Unftiii uiav throw on lu. i.. . . 1
WooAUii : " I bo"net'
WKJUuH i. , .
kbdMt. jiV,. IT. '""wnoir,
n. . Mhra ll0WC '""y snap
fingers nt,-WUl.Al at
ZTJ?. that she
-muv turn iU'i.i ,uws. J hoy
. ? . . '"'SWKMtatl.. ......
t - ll 'Itl'tl.'ir.li,
""Bp . Plum s ami fi.i v "
f... .r. ; ' .. ' " "ere comfort
' naiuilL' w.i.l. iki
ti n ,, j (l(J
VOrillll.l.lllltl.f.l . .
out .7 T V "0t tur ''
ol doors, but i ,1IU fuce f
L " ,..Eamc.. wit,,
rm 7" I'Timtr ot nor ov ml .
ronra inn ....... .
. " JHIl UIHI BAr.
r..lV:r.tv, imriv. vc knv ,.e.i.!.i
s i t ; Ji"' "iiion
uu w'uuwitagcd head u gain
tug strength. Who can doubt U
j!inhlCIANf KuifMn anil Aceniihenr, formerly
of Anna, I'mon county, Illinois, haa por
nmenllf located ' ' ,r Offlre Commercial
atrnae, between Eighth nd Ninth aticcta Weat
such stafcsHien as the Hon. Dick 'ui.,A Mo fct is worth making u nolo of. 1010!
Of -'own ffW 'LrWht. l-i,niYrl ..I-
- o 1 r 1
' ious Illinois," to qolo his own words,
avows his faith in the future lo bo
identically" the fame as that held by the
0. P. 1. I" ,nc 'a8t W001"1"" ani'
ClailiiiV U'iMjf, we find tho following.
AVIicn, therefore, llirou?li tlio nrtlvltlej
of llioco.inoiollll'al n'lj,n11 tlo grin
iurilniroccnii of rororin flinll linvo hcuri
,...lli..l Into llio ntilct of (ino oc-opcrnting
...,ii.. ...laiirn ulll Uv U lintul to the
lii'lni.'iuiil tiv a tlcflhho t'otnpusi ftiul chart
,.111 f. i,rnn.iri..1 In ullllllfl t lO VnVllt!0 Ol
tho shin of Male, freij-liloil with nil tho in-
teroits of humanity.
As a fitting adjunct to this csprcs-
ion of what tho practical workings of
tho C. V. I', is to bo, wo quote
tho following Houl-inspiring pas
sago from a letter by the
Hon. Dick Yates to tho citizens of
Jacksonville on the occasion of tho late
Fourth of July celebration in that city;
Klin nnil klnrdnm. nil Kltrono. bleed
lug Fritnco, our own terrible civil war, are
Uio enrtlniiuko uplieavlngs of th! subter
ranean lorco or Iiumnn sociciv( ninrcnnig
wlllilrri.tttlilii fnren tnwnrill tlio millcnilll
epoch of nn equal and universal humanity,
and not til! that eliinlnp; liolght of dlvino
teachlnp nml liuman nclilovement lmll oo
nccomplljlioil will tho Hon nnd tho Iamb
lid tlown toRCther In tho bonds of brother
ly lovo anu cioo communion.
Who will say that tho Hon. Kichard
is beliml his illustrious oom-pntriot in
tho march of jirogrcss, or that the irrc
pressiblo Victoria and all her train may
not honestly claim him for their own.
-A J.oulsvillo editor rogrets that Lady
Stanto.1 nnd Susan IJ. Anthony are going
to tho lVcllle In June, as that Is a llttlo
Into In tlioK,!,soa '',r Uomanchcs and too
nnrlv fur Arrnu'bocs.
A lady having spoken sharply to
Dr. l'urr, apologized i'',- saying: Ilia tho
privilege of women to talk nonsense"
"No, madam, it Is not thoi'." privilege, but
their Infirmity. Ducks would walk If thoy
could, but nature suffers thctf only to
Mrs. Fair's remark, "If poor, dear
Crittenden wero alive, ho would get mo
ofl," Is only paralleled by tho youngster
who murdered his father anil mother, and
didn't think tho jtidgo "orter hang a poor
"Wo saw Vic and Tennio yesterday In
a now rig. Thoy woro yellow linen ovor
dresses. And fancy straw hats with wido
black ribbons. They looked neat and ex
ceedingly stylish in fact, not to put too
finoapointon it, gallus A'cio York Star,
Louisville boasts of an cightecn-ycar-old
bcllo who can lift n tub of clothing freni
tho ground to an elevation of four feet and,
and have tho clothesline white with tho
result of tho labor of her own llttlo hauds
in short while. .Mcantimo her mother sits
in tho parlor taking her case in her old
ngc. As soon as this becomes generally
known tho railroads running into that
city will havo to run extra trains.
Thoro has in Vonico roccntly occn
published a littloSuuday papor, edited by
a lady, Signora Oimlberta Alaice IJeccari,
and among Its contributors number u
great many well-known authors, somo of
whom belong to the same sex as tho edi
tor. Us name Is l.x Donna, and It Is said
to bo quite a success and havo a largo cir-
cul.iMun. Signora ISeccarl and her coadju
trontes do not advocate, and in fact know
nothing about, 'woman's rights."
UK.V. .1. M. COKHi:.
(Jcorgo Alfred Towncend ha boon writ
ing hitters from ino military pons on tlio
frontier to tho Chicago Tribune, tho latest
of which contains tho following character
istic anecdote of Gen. Corse :
AS Ol'I.VION O.V WAlt.
I put tlio following question at Omaha;
amoiigft a group of ollleers, and tho reply
followed as eusuiut: :
'Which was the greatest action fought
by tho western armies in the war "
"Tlio battlo of I'mnklln. That Is gone
rail v admitted to bi David S. Stanley's bat
tin, "now colonel of tho twenty-second In.
fuutrv. Tho subsequent victory of Nash
vlllii was an casv corollary to it. Hut tho
inoHtiiluckv. extraordinary, and wonderful
dttaclivd battlo which wu had was Corse's
ilufonso of AlHoona. Corso is now In
Chleae-t a small, wiry, badly ecarred man,
removed bv President Grant from his rev
enue collcctorsliln to oblige a sen
ator from San DuuiuiLM. lie marched all
night, and his wliolj command consisted of
1,'Jl I mon. J no pri.o wau minion rations
stored there, and the attacking party was
aboutathird of Hood's army. Corso fought
all dav, the odds four to otic, lost "00 men
. i i' . .i - i ,:..ii.i
and lient the energy and coutldeneo out
of the whole rebel army. Summoned to
surrender at tho ouUlart, 'to prevent tho
needless etlusion ofblood,' ho replied:
"Wo are prcmrud for tho oll'utionl"
And having killed and captured more
rebels than his entire command numbered,
lie sent tho nows of tho battle to Sherman
in these words: " 1 am short u cheek bono
and one ear, but am able to whip all hell
A SOUTH EHN
1'roiii the .Mnntu.oiiiiT)' Alu.) Jciirnnl,
Wo havo lived in this State for moro
than a quarter of u century, nnd have
nover felt insecure in person or proporty
on account of political opinion. Wo feel
safe because wo love our people and hones
tly boliovo that wo aro pursuing a eouro
that will redound to their peace, happi
ness aud prosperity. Thoso men who call
themsolvos Republicans, and who nro
continually trying to get intoofflce, stir-
ring up discord and strife, and poisoning
thu minds of voters in secret dens at mid
night whero honest men and sinccr llepub
lienns ure plotted against simply becauso
muy are noncst arid slucero, una linvo
social standing in tho commupity, may
ivui uwsaie. y o inUorso no suoli libels
1 IIIWlll ll.r. - I
V? V ,""u,u I'copio oi our mine.
"J"1'01 vultures, Ku-Klux ollico seekers
I every party, are doing us moro harm ns
a pcoplo thnn nil tlio Hhl nv,r written,
1 l.,.ll,.,... 11...1 i
l " i"i maw uvury lionesi lllatl IS Slllw
t.. .i t . . .r . .
in junoama, no maiior what liU politics
Kfiy-Tho Emnaror WillUm t joi.l i..
tmvo detormlnod, at tho instigution of tho
Uown rrlnccfs, to appoint tho wido.vs of
soldiers slain In tho Into war to nil vacan-
i Vf. " tl'o.publlc libraries. Thu Knineror
ii nam is a tonsibio man, nnd ho Is
ueky In having pub)tu llbturlos in which
to put widows or anybody olso. Thnr.,
- i i no ruatun in i o worm wuv vmnm.
I ! .... ,.. . . . - "
.i.,,i.i ...,( an ....
I iii . ioiiiuiii) 4uiiu as won
- 1 I rmn ,JUt wo lear that in this country
n " my
1 iiu nir ivau'ir iiuullii
NAKKOWGUAOK ItOADS SUl'Klt
TIIKIII l'llACTICAlUMITY AXI1 NK.CKSMTY
T1IK SVSTKSI IN KUItOl'K, 1N1IIA AMI
AUSTKAt.IA OI't.VlONS OF KMINKNT
KXillXKKIW IXOUDINATi: C.M'AUI'I V OK
liniHSII AND AMERICAN StATIHTICS
THE CAUSES OP HEAVY KXl'ENliITUHE.
From tho N. Y.Uallway Uiifette, April 21. 1
Proprietor of railway slocks, not only
In Europo but In ull parts of tli3 world,
aro awaking to tho lad that tnoy navo
spent a great doal moro in tho contrac
tion of their lilies than thero wai any
necccssity for. K.xporionce has taught
them a painful and costly lesson. In al
most cverv caao themselves In poscssion
of a railroad with a capacity fur biyond
tho present, and In many cases possible re
quirements of tho districts through which
it parses, and which in addition
to its needlessly hug addition
to its needlessly largo ordinal cost, en
tails in their cchequer a heavy annual
drain lor expenses of working, rolling
stock, and repairs, which would havo been
avoided had tho engineers who planned
their road bcon moro wiso In their genera
tion. Tho stockholders, for Instance, of
tho Great Western lino In England that
triumphant engineering mistake of -Mr.
Urunol after having spent tho enormous
sum of X 10,000 a ;nllo In constructing their
icvon-foot gaugo railways, havo been com
pelled lo lay down a third lino for n four
loot 8 Inch gaugo. Tho "plant" nnd roll
Iiil' stock on hand, adapted to tho broad
irniiiro syiloni. i gradually replaced by
plant and rolling stock for tho now gaugo
Whon ajl of tho old stock is exhausted,
ono of tho broad gaugo rails will bo re
moved. Tho company will then bo poss
essed of a largo extent of unproductive
land, much of which is In cuttings or on
ombankments. Had they originally built
a narrow-gaugo line, tho compensations
thoy paid to landholders and
enormous cost of construction
would havo been so reduced as to convort
tho avorago dividend of 'I per cont. which
thoy now rocolvo, into a fair return, for nn
English invostmont, on their capital. Earl
Jlayo, tho governor-general of India, has
boon so impressed with tho unnnenssnrv
width of guago of tho English railway sys-
buin imvt no una pcrsuaueu mo council ot
Calcutta to reduce it In nil lines to bo built
in Tuturo from ilvo feet to three feet six
inches. Ho has. morcovor, been wiso
enough to adopt tho American stylo of en
gines and cars, nnd somo timo ugo re
quested tho duko of Argyll, who in turn
applied to Sir Edward Thornton, at "Wash
ington, for tho permanent assistance of a
well-known and eminent American en
gineer. This gentleman is Dow in charge
oi ino inuia railway system, in our own
country tho unfortunato Erio railroad com
pany intend to rcduco their six foot ruaco
to tho ordinary four foot oleht nnd u'half
inch through tho entire length of thoir
iinu, niu viiiu iiiiu jimsusippi nnu omcr
broad guago lines propose to do the same.
THE 1IIIOAD OUAOECOSTS ENORMOUSLY.
Tho old battlo, so florcoly wngod forty
years auo between tho liruncl and tho
Stcphensons, Is to bo fought ngnin by tho
theoretical and practical engineers of our
day. Tho Stcphensons of old gained tho
the light in the general adoption of tho
four foot cluht and a half inch'truairc. and
tho advocates cf further reduction bid fuir
to win tho present contest. If trunk rail
ways aro tho arteries of a groat country,
branch lilies aro tho smaller vessels by
which the life blood is distributed from
and returned to tho heart. On tho cor
rectness of tho theory that very narrow
guago lines can bo profitably and safely
worked, depends tho construction of in
numerable feeders to the trunk lines, open
ing new districts, and placing others, al
ready peopled and cultivated, in tho world
for in these days villages and townships
out of reach of railwuy communication nro
practically out of tho world.
Kconony in tho construction of rail
ways has for many years been tho profes
sed study of capitalist?, engineers and
contractors. Hut thoy havo almost all
made tho grand mistako of looking for
economy in tho wrong direction. Cheap
road beds, cheap rails and cheap bridges
aro not economy; on tho contrary, thoy
nro reckless oxtrnvagancc. It is n road
of s ulllciont capacity that truo economy is
to bo found. A well-equipped narrow
gauge road, constructed at greatly enhanc
ed cost, and. entailing much heavier
expenses for operation and ropairs would
bo out of tho question. At tho same timo
thero would bo an nnnunl saving in tho
capital account of the narrow gaugo road
which would go far to meet tho expenses
nnd development in years to come.
Suppose that a narrow gaugo line can bo
constructed, equipped and furnished with
rolling stock for 100,000 whoro
n broad gnugo lino would
cost $800.000 an assumption that may
bo fairly made there would bo $300,000
icrs capital to be raised itsclt no ir.slg
nillcanl consideration, If the bonds of tho
company havo 20 years to run, all tho
timo of their maturity tho company will
havo saved the $300,000 and tho annual
interest on, it, say at seven per cent.;
amounting in the aggregate to S"L'0,000,
or $200,000 mure than the original cost of
tho line, furnishing abundant means
whereby to enlargo or develop tho lino if
Hut who can assort that engineering skill
may not by that timo havo rendered de
velopment in tho shapo of enlargement
unnecessary? When -Mr. HruneT built
the Great Western line, he asserted that
ho mado it fur all time. Tho very next
generation of stockholder has been com
pelled to reduco Its gauge from 7 feet to
1 foot 8) incites, in order to save them
selves from utter ruin.
WONIIEUKUL SUCCESS OK NAUIIOW UAUUE
110 A US.,
Indoed. engineers havo by no means yet
ngrced to what extent tho width of gaugo
may not bo reduced. In Wales thoro was
formorly a horse railroad running botweon
the slate quarries of Pesliuiog and Port
JIadoek. This lino lias been convorieu
Into a steam railroad, but tho width of tho
. . . ' - I 1 ! 1
guago remains 1110 eauio, oniy joj iiiuuus.
When tho company first bogan to carry
passongers on this lino, Cant. Tylor, tho
government inspector of railroads, limited
tho rate of speed at which trains might
travel at 12 miles an hour. Ho has givon
authority sinco to tho compnny nt tho rate
of speed that thoy may think lit, nnd in
his last oflicial report ho ntUrms thut ho
traveled ovor this little road at thirty
mllos tho hour, with every fooling of safe
ty, ovor n 23J inch road, is tnoro "oyory
rnnllni' of nafutv" in travelling 30 miles an
. o ----, . , Y .!.- . i---.
hour over tno ociiconsirucieuoi 1110 -1 iuuv
81 inch roads in this country? Such has
buon tho success of this 13 miles of railway
between 1' csliii og anu t'orl .ilauock. ttiat
tho Russian, tho Korwogian, tho India and
tho llritlsh t'ovorninonis soni commission
ers into Wales to Inspect tho, lino nnd to
invostlgnto tno wiioio tucory nnu practice
of narrow guago railroads Thoy arrlvod
at tlio unanimous opinion that "tho com
mon railroad gaugo ot 1 luct BJ inches, is
far bovond ull ordinary requirements."
.11 .1" nnl,l..il '1 V.nl .,....,!
iVIl Vllu II1OII1UU40 wuwiiuv.uu u iiiv. Illlljiiu
for till purposos ; many of them put the
maximum ut 2 feet 0 inches. In accord
mice with tho recommendations of tho
commissioners to their respective govern
ments, many narraw gauge lines navo
been constructed or nro in nro-
cos of construction. In O'leensinud
vuoy imvo ncen irlou, anu nro cousld.
oruu a sueetas. iir. l'lhl, govoriimunt on.
gineor of rail road In Norway, ruports slm
in" nuvvou iiiuiu. in x r&lico moru Jiru two
privuio ruuroaus aim ono puouo ro.nl o
2'J inch gaugo. In Prussia thu ill lucl
gaugo Hrwth&l railroad is working n.ot
niectsilnlly, both as n railroad nnd ns
DAILY BULLETIN, SUNDAY, JULY 9, 1871.
; ' ,l,.0".a . 't tho 24 miles of
Coiinn ntr." !1" Piqua and
.i t. i . r.""'
It Is nltiiosl tli.noeessary to detail tho
many Hems of invlng n tho cost of
construction f IIBrbrown t'u co f
Tho road bed of n 4 foot 8 A,,ch gnugo
Ino Is almost uniformly 8' fcotwX
In cuttings nnd 14 ft. wYdo In omblnk?
ments. lho reduction of two foot In tho
gaugo would allow of moro thnn a corres-i-oiuling
reduction In tho width of cm
bankments. It Is alio acknowledged by
thu most eminent onginoors that a narrow
gnugo admits of steeper crades nnd sharp
or curves; both ot which items sonslbly di
minish tlio cost ot construction. Tho
same lessening of tho cost nlso nppllos to
tunnels, bridges, culvorts, sleepors, cross
tie', ballasting, etc. Tho smaller weight
of trains, too, ndmlls tho uso ot llghtor
rails. In fact, tho cost of construction of
a narrow gaugo lino may bo fairly nut
down as at loast $10,000 a mile less than
that of n broad gaugo lino. Jlut groat ns
it is, tho first cost of construction of a
broad gnugo lino if not n i'rmiler rlrnln nn
the resources of railroad eompanlos than
tho oxcossivo cost of operating thom. In
a paper lately read by Mr. Pnlrllo boforo
tho Hritlsh association nt Liverpool, that
gentloman said: "It ought to bo en
graved on lho mind of every engineer that
every Inch added to a gaugo beyond what
1. ..I .. . . . M . .
. uiiiuiuici, iiixuisary lor log iramc auus
to tho cost of construction, Incroaics tho,
proportion of dead woight, Increases tho
cost of working, nnd In consequonco ro
duces tho useful effect of tho railway." In
this sontonco Is tho gist of tho whoio ques
tion between tho broad and narrow gaugo
railroads. Tho roal point involved Is tho
tho proportion of capacity to requirements.
It has been tho invariablo custom of en
gineers to build lines of Inordinato capaci
ty, thus rondoring them financially failures.
Mr. Fitzgibbon, chief onginoorto tho gov
ernment of Queensland, in ndvocatintr
narrow gaugo lines says: "It
is tho wisest possiblo policy to provldo
only for tho wants wo now foresee.
and to carry out effectually a system of
uii;ii is wiuiin our present
means; leaving poslority to docido what
lunnor oxponuituro should bo incurrod to
meet Its wants." And ho adds: "To ex
pend two or throo times tho necessary
amount now, with a view to meet any want
which cannot be folt for 20 years or moro
is simply to cxpond in intorost alono, a
sum Buuicicm 10 rejuuu nn entirely new
system of communication."
THE OREAT MISTAKE IN THE UNITED
In no country is thu Inordinuto capacity
of its railroads more marked than in tho
United Statos. There aro now 3,07.5 miles
of railroad bolonglng lotho companies op
erating In tho state of Now York, which
havo been built nt an oxpenso of $224, 733,
412 30. For tho jour ending Sept. 30,
1800 (the last official report published),
their gross earnings woro $54,'185,948 l'J ;
their gross expenditures ? 1,885,685 20
and thoir dividends paid, $8,
600,15820. Theso figures show
tho expenses to bo C'J. II per
cont, of too gross earnings, and tho avor
ago rato of intorost to bo 4.25 per cent.
Tills average would bo vory much lower
but for tho Now York Central, tho Harlem
lines, which pay an avcrago dividend of
8 per cent., and whoso united capital
is one-fourth of tho nggreguto capital of
all Stato railrnnds. All the lluc3 carried
last year 10,003,400 passcngors to n car.
Tho average numbor to each train being
C8,39, or about 17 passengers to n cnr.'Tho
average unmoor ot tons or rricgut to a
trnln was 120.84. JNow compare, theso fig
ures showing tlio Inordinnto ennacitv
of these lines, with those published by tho
board of trade in England. Tho report
from which tho laltor nro tnkon is for tno
year 1808, when tho wiioio rnliwnysystom
of England had just passed through a fear
ful convulsion. Tho comparison, therefor
should bo very favorablo to tho railways
of tins country.
ENGLISH AND AMEKICAN RESULTS,
Thoro wero then 11,247 miles of railway
in Great Britain constructed at an outlay
of capital of X502.2C2.887. This is nbout
3 8-0 limes tho mllcago of tho railways op
crating in tho stato of New-York. The
returns show that 313,009,208 wore car
ried in that year. Hut this includes sea
son tickct-holdors who travol overyday;
tho real numboriof passenger carried was
computed at 350,000,000. Ono lino alono
carried ,4,004,832 tons of merchandise,
Tills samo lino tbo Xionuon anu riortn
wostern carrios nbout 20,000,000 'passen
gers a year and has a rovenuo of about 2,
000,000 per annum. Its gaugo is, never
theless, tho usual one, 4 feet 8 inches.
Thus, this ono lino carries moro passengers
and has $l,C00,00o moro than all tho rail
ways oporating in Now-York. And yot
it doclarcs its urgent need ,of moro busi
ness and is making every possiblo
effort to obtain it. No less than 300,000
persons travel in nnd out of
London dally. Tho numbor of trains dai
ly running into Cannon St. terminus is
nearly C00; tho number of trains passing
through tho Clapham is ovor 700 daily.
This enormous traffic is carried on at nn
expenditure of a fraction ovor 50por cont.
of tho gross earnings; and tho avorago
net profit is n fraction ovor 4 nor cent.'
nnd this in spito of tho startling fact that
tho avorago cost of construction of English
railway is x-ii.tiuu per miio. xncro aro
then 3 8-9 times ns many, miles of railway
in ureal uruain as thoro nro in lho stato or
Now York, For convenience call It four
times us many. Four times tho number
of passcngors carried by tho Now York
railway wouiu sun give thorn only ao,
000,000 passengers against, tho 350,000,000
carried by tno iirmsii jaiiway; tuo aver
ngo travel of an American pasacngor be
ing 33.71 miles. Tho average travol of
each British passongor Is 'only 8 miles;
0111 una is nccouuicu tor ny ino innumera
ble, snort nrancii, trunk-feeding lines
which feed tho country, and reduco thonv
oragodistanco travoled by each train to the
low figure of nlnoteon miles. Tho freight
t raffle shows tho samo unusual ratio. Tho
frolght carried by tho Now-York roads
ii8tyoarwas u,boj.I&U tons, earning ?35,-L7-M38.
Multlplvine this sum bv 4. to
cuuallzo tho mlleiiKO of tho British linos.
gives $140,088 32. But from tho rcriort
of the board of trade, quoted abovo, it ap
pears nun ino jiruisu lines earned 38,
101,351 in that year, or about 10,000,000
moro than tho New- York stato linos. Tho
ration of oiponses to tho earnings on tho
now-jurK linos is o-.i.h, exclusive ot tlio
Interest on tho floating debt, against 60
percent, on tho British lines, including
thu Intorost on tho floating dobt; whilo the
dividond (in spito of tho enormous cost of
llritish, compared with American linos,
and tho vast diiiorcnco in tliogonornl com
mercial rato of interest nnd rotums from
Investments expected In tho two countries),
1 1.. n.1.1. . .1- . "
ia 0111 vnu-mnn 01 ono per cent, moro
with tho Now-York thnn with tho British
WHEIIB THE MONEY IS LOST.
A few .figures will exhibit at a glanco
tho onormously increased cost of oporating
our railroads In consequonco of this Inor
dinnto capacity. Thoir unwarranted
broadth of gaugo not only entails an un
necessarily heavy chargo for maintaining
aud repairing tho road amounting In ono
yoar to 13,700,768.07 but also compels
tlio uso of engines of groat power, cum
brous cars nnd vory heavy rnlls. Thus It
follows thut nvnrv miirlnn that leaves NW-
Vork bus to draw a vast amount of non-
1 paying "dead" weight. It Is oetlmated
kvo n gauL'o 2 loot
lol nml,lH,Jll,"t nno from
row gauge prmcliilo,
that for every passenger carried In a draw
Ing room or palaco car. tho onilnn lm. in
draw 3,000 pounds of "doad" weight, nnd
wan vvini uiuiiiury cars uio ongtno uraws,
including tendor nnd bnggagc-car, 2,000
pounds per passongor. Tho passenger
trafllcof tho Now-York Central amountod
to 200.000,000 passcngors cnrrlod ono tnilo :
DUt they carried 800,250 tons of dead
weight with them, f. en a ton and
1 hair or dead woight per passon
'or, cxcluslvo of baggage Tho Eilo
lid worso than this. Thoy carrlod 128.-
505,000 passengers ono mile, with 425.-
600.000 tons of doad wolcht, which ! ril
tons of dead woight porpassengor. In tho
freight traffic the Central moved 414,500,-
nftfl Inm nnu mild tvllli Jin nn aaa ..... If
vvv w..w w -V, (VIV,UVV WJI1B OI
desd weight, pr flflO of ion for overv
ton of ixiylng freight'f while tho Erlo
moved 818,006,000 tons ono mile with L
083,333,000 tons of dead weight per ton of
This dead wcttht out of n mnnrtlnn In
that of all other known meniof transrjor-
taticn, dhows tbfct tho companies aro dgfac'
an Immcnso amount of work tht ArJfii
pay. Tho additional chargo rr.udo on pas
songera riding In drawing-room cars cu.
tint nnv pnmninui m A ,M. .t. J ...O'j
.... icimi 1110 jru 01
this month a bill wu Intrndn,! In it.'
legislature at Albanv to rednen ih. i
chargo for thorn to half a cent a mllo. XI10
im 0 nf IIia.a 1. ..... 1 1 . . I
" w iiiu uunrjr enm on ino rails IS
necessarily vory groat. Tho common cars
as aro now built weigh 32.000 lbs. on each
whool. Tho car of a 3 feet guago road
would hamfnir tho rail with 1,800 ibbs. to
n wheol. The samo applies to locomotives.
An engino that bears with a weight of 20
tons on Its driving-wheels, distributes 5
tons to each whool, nrd with its loaded
tender and with its own ineffective load,
neighs altogether about 50 tons, of which
ono-balf Is doad, weight. In tho Falrlio
nglne, which Is .specially constructed for
uso on vory narrow guago roads, tbo en
tire load, Including coal and water, is
placed on tho drivintf wheels nnd is thus
utilized in tho work Of hauling the train.
Thus, instead of nn engine carrying 60
tuns in order to proctiro tho' Workiiig ef
fects of 20, wo have, an engine weighing
this 20 tons and no more; nnd Ibis' load is
distributed over eight wheals, giving but
2 J to a wheel, instead of 6 tons; Tho wear
and tear of rails forms' .heavy item in
railway expenses, ns also does'the cost of
ronowal and repairing of rolling stock.
NEW YORK MUST CHANOE OAUOE Oil LOSS
A .V... " 1V VfW... .H- V ' " .
en lho question not only of building all
new lines on a much narrower gauge svs
tern than that at present, In Vogue, but of
reducing tho gaugo of those already1 built.
so that tho expenses of oporating Jthom1
may 00 accroaseu anu nigner uivmenus
earned. The narrow gauge cftalnly fa
cilitates the construction of branch feed
ers to trunk lines In all parts Of tho coun
try, nnd it Is desirable to havo the gauge
of each class tho same. Hut thoro is an
other viow of tho question. Tho men who
aro proposing to build theso small! gaugo
lines alsoproposo to carry both pailengcrs
and freight at lower rates than:tbDs4 now
current, bocauso of , the lower .dpBtpn trans-
Sortation on tho narrow gauge. If they
0 this, the clemont of competition ;will bo
brought to bear on tho old companies with
a forco which will compel .them , to. reduce
their gaugo inordor to exist. An eminent
Sill way man, and Ono: whose opinion
Is highly thought of, remarked tho'othor
day In speaking of this subject : "If New-
Xorlc wanu to remain uie principal pori
of entrance in tho United; States, sho mut
have a narrow gaugo railroad., A a rail
road contraotor I am largoly Interested in
this matter ; und I see that if .Now-York
does not mako n strong wove in that di
rection, sho will before many years, havo
passea, navo lost mo nunc. 01 mo western
trade. Sho must do it" Theso aro jplain
anp disinterested words; for a contractor
would outurally perfor. to build an expen
sive lino in place of a cheap ono.
ISolow Is n comparacivo cstimato, with
specifications, of tho cost of. construction
of 100 miles of railway on 3 feet, and on
tha 4- fv ov luuh gauges. KscU System Is
supposed to havo nn idonticnl lino. and tho
same maximum gradlont of 52.8 feet per
miio. It is furnished by Mossr. Paul
Uros. of Akron Ohio, and based on the
plans nnd profiles of a survoy lnt'olyimado
Tho itemized cost of a gauge 4 ft. 8 in.
Is as follows :
Oriullnn and grubbing I"' 100 mites 30S,ooo
Uaaonvaiiil liildcini; 67.000
Ilaltasi .. 101.7O9
Tie - 105.W1.
Iron - ,io,wo
Fish platen.- ,ooo
Spike I 2,:0O
Track laying ' ,00
Kencing i 70,000
lUirhtiifwaT - 3W.O0O
Knglneeriiig nndagenclua 1173,000
Uenot ahona ia.-s.ooii
I.ocomotivea ........... 'JIS.OUO
Faapeuger, tnggaga and ex preaa cara ... S7,000
Total coat per loo mile ..l'i.S3,0C0
Total coal r nine tIrJ".
The Itemized cost of a gnugo 8 ft.i is as
Oradlngand grubbing .....f 40,000
Matonry and bridging 11,000
llallut ' .?. . I 60.100
Tioi I ,0W
Full I'lates lV.ooo
Track larinir i.00
Bldlngs. , 31.000
ltlghtofway 1 00,0)0
Engineering anu agencies i",
Depot shop:. eo.ooo
Locomotlvea : i.... IW.oOO
ruasonger, Daggageain eipreiao.ra...... as.uw
Tatal ooat for 100 mllea ft.va.eO
Total coat for one mile JjlO.RS.
T'ho Central Valley railroad is tho namo
oi a narrow-gauge rauruau mm jioiv
- . . i j.i. i. . .
under construction in UhenangQ pounty.
Now York, Tho plan is to mako this rda!
from tho first link la a through line extcn
ding, vat Courtland nnd Auburn, to tho
laxcs. uio ran to oo meu is huihuu oy
w ma . l il. 1 1.
law toamlnimun weight of 40 pounds to
tho yard, whilo tho guago is. tho feet and
tho nassencer cars will bo flvo foot wido
l uompany lias peon cnanerei 10 duhu a
road of 30-inch, guago from Philadelphia
to connect with tho ronnsyivnnin. vcnirai.
In Chester ford. 3lonlo. Newton, and
Paoli, In a week or t,wp work will begin
on another narrow gngua road, from IBoll's
, u ..is.uiii. u. . mt ii.iiubi v...
grfldionU on this lin&W.H bo over 100 foct
a1.H 1 1 - fltL 1 T ' iH1 UAoiltn.
Norrow-Guoiro Rauroad'corhpitny hai bocn
VlltJ IIJ1IU. 1UU OJUIlUUflbUtT AI1U itUHMIMfi
incorpqratcu, wun tnoTHini 10 ouim a
road with K miatro not exceeding 'four feet
w . . I i..fu
from tho city of Lancaster lo the ,'clty of
ltnuillnrr nln In'rntnlrnet branches.1 There
Is also n movomohton foot to build fe.r)aiv.
row-gaugo road from Media to Chester in
CAllts I. THpJfAS,
Ih prepnreil to 1)0 all kinds of plain and orna
HION WUlTINU, KTC,
At Hguroa whioh dery all curnpetlon, and in the
highest utylocf'tlie palntera art.
HHOP IN THE PEHUY HOUSE,
C0RNKH OF COMMERCIAL AVXMVM LMP
Q OLDEN REMEDIES.
any m(iiHlili-h thnf ull 10 cure.
Dlt. IUOHAU 8 DOfiDEN HA I.SAM,
Non, 1 nnd 8, are .lie rle.t nllerntire. Iinnvin.
1)11. HICIlAU'HdOMlKN KI.IXIH ICAMOUH
cailsL " '"'""Ke"1 ' lhlinil-
nit. niciiAirs'dotiDEri- akWdote
Is the only relUtle .1, 11 rut 10.
Thefercincillra nro not mlrerlliipil to cure nil
coiniilnlnlt, nnd Ucucut Bona : Iml bio Kiiamnteeil
toclfetta rndlekl n,l unppilil in in -Ti r...
which lliry are lecotnniended, when nil i.tlier
Tfrlia lit tliOll.Uula ...ilu
K cover by llilr use, vho ba.t all hoi-, nml
anpranonbrrd s latuuble by tb bat of our
maillMl Murty. v hi , 1 : ".
., pn. : KIOUAU'S GOLDEN BAI.SA M
ft. 1. enra uiocrf. uieria aore.lriroai ami
mnnlh, sore eye, cutnoeouf eruption", copper
eolor.tl blotches, aoreaus 01 tke elsacroliil,
.to j It ii tuo srtatest renertitotj altmllto nml
Uood purifier know 11. remote! tvnMfeury from
Jbt, at etem, and lenrti tha ktowl-pnro and
Irtillhy. . , t
1'. j Ml. ItlOIIAU'H OOtUEN Ii'aLSASI,
,-enrea mercurial alloc I Ions, thewwti'ra In
II Its foriim, nn4 glei Immediate relief hi nil
eases, s -t -
Dtt. UiclIAtTfl GOLDEN ANTttlOTE,
A riullqd cure for all urinary doramrement.
Price,"? per bottle.
I) It. ItlCHAU'8 (1ULDEN KI.IXIH D'AMOOK,
Ariillcl cure for nerroin or icnernl debility, In
old or young, liiiiiling energy lih wonderful
Prico 15 perlxUle,orlwo for l'J.
On receipt l prlen, lhe remeilien will l idiip
neil to nnv liUco. . Vromnt nltention tmlil to nil
correpon'.nit. .iooo eeniilne wtlhniii tin-imiiii-
of nn. lttciiAtrHiioi.iiK.N iii;ii;dikh, 11. 11.
lticuiapi, sole, prpprielnr," blown In gli or
botUea. v t j ,
Circulars tent; Trafte"stlppllel a liberiil die
count. , . ,
Address, Dr. D. V. ltl?Uil,JJS Vnrlck-nt , N.V.
JHend nioner fir exnreioi or order iroodn
through your Driirilt,ftnJ you will meet with
nO 0M If JVIIUHVfll
- i.irK isMuitAauic.
A new and novel eyntem of Lite Inoiranri- Im
ccnllr introduecil bv the
MISSO'UW MUTUAL LIFE
Of MT. MIl'IN.
lly tbl.eyplein, Jile Insurance u furnlnaeil
Icy holler recelVes'an'nnnnar
l nine cum nv or me uruhi.iiu
Inn, ami the
"Ihteresl ol devi-n
Kr enl. imkiu all thuuinoey imidliy liitolulh
mpapyi hl annual prvininnis thua ennnv
The pifco hi tirnu .tbOTOii(hly critlcited dJ
tills .1 UWorned by lho, mod .cinluent actuarie
nU't JtkflirUl mathematlclana' In tho laud) llnleei.
It han'BOt yet leii tha aut)ect of iialavoialle
.nientlan hiitnyrepeclablo nuarter.
Orfito of the Company,
NORTHWEST COKNEK lOUIlTII ANIIOL1VE,
STi LOUIS, MO.
AltTIIUR It. BAKKKTT, President.
Benj. Willi ams, Sterttary.
Itanka high In tno llt ol Hound, thrifty Wen'eri
11 naaainpiocapiiai jiw.
It Ima RRRftd irinrif tlian enough to cover ilia
linbillllua In r.1iJHI(m In the capuni
Ithaa ono huiidro.! thouaand dollAm dei.o.tle.1
llh IheHOAtoof Mnmouri h u Mrpelual ailir-
antee to lu policv lioldara
It hucnmnlled fiillr with the new lawa ol tliu
ntaie, wnitn are fnuu a eiiKiina aim uiuiu ity
iremorceil man lliOMeni r'iaii'rn niaifi..
people rrom whom they art- reoeiveu.
Ita managemvntla vigoroun, Hkillful and pru
i mvnaia ii mum in int nD., ........ --
1U annual Inemiin nam 111 tnl.r:l aion .
already more than niithcieiil lu onv 111 lut.
11 imiui.rf tiolieii'M iiiKin lho oriliiiiirv life and en
dowmcnt plana, nt th aamo mto nn othi-r Ant-
The policy holdcrH reeciie all the profili In an
The atock liiMrn can reeeivo Only ten t
eeut. of Interest on their capuni, lv tn terini i
Thvnnnual dlv denda to iml ev ho del am al
ready greater than many old K leni CoinpHiilea
nave ever ueen am 10 par.
The Slide of IIIiiioIh paid h-l yenr uUill Kil.i
million dollara lor Life Insurance.
Wliv aend an riinrh inonev out ot tl e Stall
away In New York nil I New Kngland for an aitlule
thai may Ui protliued )ul aa clienp (or uioru
at homo l
WOOII A-!. ,
anrtdlawtl Annul. Ml S'alro.
Tli. Illlnnia C.-nlml Kill I ton I CnilllonT now
olterforaalt-thofollowiiitfileMerilied Iota lu rirat
Addition to tho City of Cairo, via :
Lot 27 block i. IiOt it Lloek SJ,
" IS " i, " -I .
. a u " s.,
a 'i n, ' :u " s-.',
' 2.1 " s-, " " si.
For terma, etc., apply to JAMK8 JOHNSON,
' NAHII HULUfiK. .
HANSEL S PATENT
WINDOW THE ONLY ItELIAllLE
,2 s o
BEBLIZHEIMEU & CAUN,
Bole owners of thfrerril3rieaof the States of
Illlnola.iWIaoouain and Iowa, aud
i Agecla fur other Htates.
Geneual Office 90 'Wabiiinotoii.bt.,
" ( ' cniOAOQ, ifii. ' '
V. S. MURRAY,
GAS AND STEAM FITTER
. . i '.-. , . ii ..ii,
1 iiah iiem6ved from pzkby uovsk
, to ni aj
BBICK BUILDING on SEVENTH ST,
OPPOSITJ5 WINTEB'S LOCf
JlroJJoTed 'lila atoclf. and haa
.t V ,
HADES, JtTC. .
HE HAS MARKED DOWN PIUOE8
fornWe1llnigflgurea, and ho Invites the
TOHN'u.OlaBilliVi CO.'S llook Ulndery, in
J tho Ilvurfia llulldlng, is prepared to furntah
all kind or Diaaic uooks to ins punuu auu uu an
kiuua oi vinuiujii
DOORN. HAHIf, F.TCl
V. W. THORNTON,
BLINDS, WINDOW GLAS.S,
LATH -A.!CTX) LUMBER
Office on Tenth St.,
Utlwera ouisucrCMl ! WnaUlunloaa
A OKNTH lor Hock Kivet paper Compan)'a
X X. DiieaiuinK reii ana iuaria vemDDi.
II. W. John'a lmprove'l Kooflng alwaji
W. II. MORHIS,
II. II. CAMIK
Niitory riildie, No. Ful. wid l i. Cnu
nun, ii u i.i., uAuiiu, i.i t. M w:h
1 3T S IT TV JT G 33 1
NOItTII AMERICA, PA.,
Aele. ?. 2,Ttn,U
....,......,. ...M......,.........,i-iil.ii .
INTERNATIONAL, N. V.,
AMERICAN CENTRAL, MO.,
CONNECTICUT MUTUAL LIFE,
TRAVELERS, HARTFORD, LIFE AND
RAILWAY FASSENOKRB1 ASSURANCE
A Met W),tVi
SAH'UUU, muiuus & cajndki-
71 Oblo lve,
City National Bank,
PT Til?. A TMi-i A HINT!
-a- a. w tsAi-r
NIAOARA, N. V.,
QERMANIA, N. Y,
ainiw .... ,. ...... ....- .
HANOVER, N. Y.,
aalDVIdiS iiiiihmimh '
REI'UIILIC, N. Y.,
. . .11 Oil
Comprising the Underwriter' Agency.
YONKKRB, K. Y.
ALDAN Y CITY,
. , FIREMEN'S FUND, 8. F.,
A.ieiu frrfi (i
SECURITY, N. Y. MARINE,
UWi wweiiiuKa, i iiruiiure, uuiii and
Isj goes, loaureu ai raiea as lavoraule aa aoii
VMrmanunt aecurltv will warrant.
I rMPMUally aak of the citlaeaa of Cairo
anaieoi uiair Frone. , .
- tV H, MVGUtM.
(Iflliia mi D.t kl-ai a aa