THE CAIRO DAILY BULLETIN, TUESDAY, AUGUST 15, 1871.
NHS. M. SWANDER,
DEALER IN MILLINERY
LADIES FURNISHING 0001)3,
unci llnj Hinns
CLOTHING" FOR LADIES' WEAK
Mailt1 In order, or Heady-Made.
, A full norinirit6r .Misses'' and' J.auMiH
UaU aiiil fioiihrts 6r tlio lnlu.it styles.
"LADIES, TAKE NOTICE!
mouth miikkt, rktween wasiunoton
am) commercial avenue?,
i i Una il1 rreelved full nd splendid line of .
lire,-, trimmings, silk simps, silk ealoon. cut'
I'tire moss trimming, crocket buttonx,
r-tlk M...1 velvet buttons, plush and trimming ol
vet, bats And bonnets, fine kid ttlote, Indies' and
cruidruna' shoes, and a full and complete slock ol
Millinery and Fancy Goods,
All of which the proposed to fell at
1 ' THK YKTIY LOWEST CAP II PRtCE.1.
co a i. am) noon.
'f'"fi 'Tv'X'iiv', ."
WOOD AND COAL
J71 M. WARD n prepared to deliver the besl
. Fire Wood and clone Coal
IN ANY TAIIT or THE CITY,
And in any quantity ilcstroJ, on short notice.
COAL DELIVERED at 51.50 rcn ton
OFFICE-Oter Beerwart, Orlh A Co.'a stove,
two doors above the corner of Eighth atreet ana
Commercial arenas. deceit
Teusiiay Mornino, Auqdst 15, 187L
JOHN II. OIIKIU.Y, Ebnoa and Pirn isiiia.
Tim or Tiir. Daily DfLtrnv:
One viefk, by carrier, fc
Onejeirby rarrler, In advance 10 (J
On imiath by nail, , IS
Three month, fj 13
bix months, .-. 4 25
One year, ....... 8 ftl
1U yWnl jKtptro Metamkr count and of I ht tilt) oj
Gum ; Ike onlv mornin daily in SunUrn Illinois t
n llt.acaU journal , smalt, but fcarUn ; is.it
ij'Ant on n!i iu,jat i! tnrnt to the nuU(e ;
vit ntnrgt nnd intrav nrcufafi'm, Ihr. uli'.
linnulieiUllitiKitninjful nliUtiit realuj itnd
tttttrjtruinu launtM mn.
1HU IiOLl.AK WEEKLY 1IULLUT1N. '
John II. (lUtly A Co. navo reduced the Kill
teriptu.n priot. r the Weekly Cairo llulleti (
Oat IMlar per mium, makliiR U tin. rlieapet fv
perpubllihed In Southern lllinoln.
For Prcmti nt 187'li,
JAMES li. DOG LITTLE.
or wi (-co ns i. v. ;
Subject to Hit deemon of the nutiowtl item
IThe New York Woildnn Seimtar Iiooilttlo.
','; record it so consistent and untar''
nished that u may be Uhened to it htrttight,
line drawn across a jmt:lcu clear beam,
imiwerved by the fluctuating atmosiherel
vf American politics, through 'the past,
twenty yean." '
f Front a tiRch by SmtarIJiflle, JcJtrcrel pi Ik
"..ct lis act by thetioullmWJirmltt proposed To
uutj ttw ,w,itciii inier ini'y turn ro-
Iwlled iitrainst Jtoiu ami ii:lt-e:t put down by
the Brinies otttiat. poer'. when ilm (jnestlon
JU-iln th-winrrT -SYrt .lot tf.-ue with
(.it.uiii und the jMiple cf lAl nr V tuerc Mere
koine even theie hu eliouted "t'ont!cnte their
pM'ierty ; nuke them rlnvtu." There n, how.
Hrr, iiine that day U nould Imvii maduihdn
rives 10 Ihtlrown lilnveH. lint ( mnllus iihoio
ewltof a mnglo lino Jim m.id lux n imnmi
mortal, jid! ''bunton., let m luiko Iheiii fellow
ritiren, mi 4 thus ndd In the noner andclory ol
Itonul" Let ui, now tint (bey hate bud iIomu thu
arniK of tbelr rebellion nnd h it u renewed thoir
tillegienee to tho union nnI Hih il. mako tile
H.mthfrnpeodo uiir Mloir-euiz-n, nivl tbtis
add to (lit) powi'riiiiJglorv of Ibe natiiiiir'
NEW ENGLAXJ) LETXKK.
ottkk cheek nsm.vo yon piuki-.uei.
PAPKK MAKI.VU A UKMIKUKU VIHR
MAniILK VISIT KKO.M ltyM.oi' PICNIC '
KTIIK.V ALLK.V JOHN ,1111(1 WK, . ETC.
(Special Correpondencuof the Iliillutin.J
Iipplitltv, Vr., Aujr. o, ln7l.
EuiTpit Hulletin In our former let
ter we, bavo had occasion to cpunk of
"Otler Crouk," n durk, jeep, clear and
beautiful itreaui, which tukes its riso In
the southern part of tlio State, flows north
und empties into Lake Chumplniii, about
twelro miles' from here. Tho tutor tlow's
directly through the cuotur uf thu village,
dividing tho town. A few feet from thu
btldg which spans tho princlpsl street, a
nuViiral dam U tormud of u tolld mass of
rock, reaching from sliuru to bhore, over
which tho water fulls In an unbroken shuot
some fifty feet. About two mile below
tho water tke nuotliur tumblo froma
like dam, and ttyo miles further down you
cotiiu u tlieoelebrntea uoiucnb' fulls, whicl
uronoUjd l.(r,Atidwdoffur tlwip rustic und
plcturcwjno beatity. From hero thu waters
of thu beautiful 'Otter'1 flow peacefully on
to thu Lake.
Small ktuamcrs cross tho lako und nuvl
g&tu up tlio river aT far"as'BdrcoBit)'5. and
could to this point wer It nol for tho various
falls before Mentioned. Tho waters of tho
uttur was stocked, mny years n0, with
Irought from Lake (Jlmmpha,, for timt
jmrpoat., aim now otw lino ,mi 'to tho
disciple ot fM AYkHoji, of whom w are
an EBSirrtKtrrrl.urir.l.li,g Ts hard
work but "lrol lB"t0r pUWerelUean
enough tO 'suit thu tUo of thu inoav ludo.
lent. Sealed in tho Horn of your bout
with u lino fit onu hand und u fragrant I
llavuna in lliu oilier, One can whllo tho
time away ijuito easily, especlully if you
have un oarsman writi understands his
business. When " trolling " for pickerel,
un muny of your readurs aro awnro, wo
use a gang or tbr0(, hooks fuitenud tfeth
er, nd bput which aro placed vurloun
brlght-colorol fuathers over all a silver
dlatod pjeiq of mijiui, ttiH,ut tlinj() mc)ei
long nnd two wide, ono sulo bright nnd tlio
otlior red, wMch Is nttnclicd by n swlvol to
tlio lino, causing It to rovolvo rapidly
about tlio look vrlion drawn ly tlio motion
of tlio boat swiftly tlirougli tlio water.
Tlio jilckcrol (a victim of nils placed confl
denco), sees, ns lio ipposcj, Ills victim, tlio,
lino boinf out. two ininurwl root from tlio
boal, snaps nt It (tlio liook), nnd Is "snap
ped'' In turn. Tlion comes tlio lug of
war, which usually ends In tlio
flli lioInj landed In tlio boat,
when tlio Unfiling "coup do gniuo" Is nd-
tnlnlstcrcd to lilin. AVo lnivo received so
many doubling letters In regard to our
trouting expedition that wo slitll not nt
this time give ourcxparlencu hi "trolling."
Siifllca it to fny that wo lihVo enjoyed it to
our liearU' content.
Whoro ll'iu iinturnl dam is formod at
tliu bridge mentioned above, nil the
MAN U FATO III Krt
aro clustered together, wbielt embraces a
Cotton nnd woolen factory, two grill mill",
foundry, machlno shop nnd paper mill, nil
run by water power. Through tho kind-
noss of tlio superintendent of tho Inst
named factory wo wero shown over tho
same nnd wns much interested in tho
"modus operandi" of
MAKING WHITE PAPER,
(a sample of which this letter la written
on). Tho paper hero is mado entirely
from old scrap paper, mostly picked up
in tho streets and alleys of Now York,
brought here, picked over nnd cleaned,
reduced to pulp to tho consistency
of starch water, when, by tho aid
of n broth of sulphuric ncid nnd
other chcmlcnls tho work of regeneration
begins. Itls tlion llterly "born again" and
comes forth from tlio forms while, puro
nnd undelllcd, folded nnd packed In casos
nnd sent back to New-York for use. Tho
paper mill has a
to call its employoJ, nnd keep tho timo,
which much rcsoinblcs that of tho Bollc
Mcmpjifs, so that threo times n day wo nro
rcmlndod of Cairo, "La Belle Ohio" and
tho Hullo Memphis.
Jinny of your reader? nro nwuro that
in tho union ,is (juorrled nt Sutherland
Falls and this place, nil within a distanco
of fifty milo3. Many of tho marblo fronts
in. ht. Louis aro made from Middlebury
marble. Tho beautiful new costom house
at Portland, Maino, recently finished, was
erected from marblo quorripd hore,polished
nnu iittou tor mo builders uso
beforo being shipped for its destination.
AT BELDEN'S FALLS
tho water power of Otter Creek is ngain
utilized for tho purposo of sawing tho
bugo blocks of marblo for mnrkot. Wo
saw thers n few days sinco over one hun
drod saws in "gangs" of from two to twenty
each, varying according to thoeizo to bo
cut, or tho thickness of tho block, all mov
ing together nnd saw'ng up tho hard ma
terial into trrnvo stone?, mantel pieces.
blocks for building, etc., with mathemati
Wo have bad the pleasuro sinco our last
letter of a sliott visit from our old friend,
WATEP. llYHLOP, ESQ.,
so well and favorably known among you
nil. Wo improved every moment of the
few days of his stav, and wero "on the goV
ino'l of tho time. Among other places of
interest that wo visited was u picnic rido to
tIKANI) VIEW MOUNTAIN.
sonio ten miles northwest of here, a beau
tiful drive over a charming road. Wo
drovo up to within a short half inilo from
mo Buiiiiuii, wncn mining tlio pines
wo halted and camped, soon had
a good (Iro burning, tho cotleo pot smok
ing, alula cloth laid ovor.'lho green sward
was soon covered with Uiothjoino edibles.
that toon disappeared with monstrous
celorJty. After having ii'iijily refreshed
tho inner man, wo tvtlicrud our horses nnd
stirtod for tho top of tho mountain. Ono
of tho great charms of thu placo is that
your way is In tho depths of tho forest
until you arrive at tho very crest, when
the most magnificent viow all at oncu
bursts on tho beholdur, who finds liimsolf
over the vergo of a precipice, n wall of
solid rock, extending purpeiidicularly u
distanco of l'JOO feet. Tlio vlows from
'this point c.mnOl bo well described, From
this lofty 'hyiib" tho eyo wanders down
tho long route and n-ct, 1200 leet below,
Highly cultivated farni", thu house.? and
bums of which look liko ;ohildreiis' toys,
thy funci'S black line, and thu ttrcams
threads of ailvor. In front of this mug
nillceut picture the beautiful and limped
waters of Lako Chainpliin htrelcli away
beforo you, while directly on tho opposite
shore is tho llttlu hi.torio village
ol urown mint. A low inllc-i bo ow aro
10 ruins of Fort Tiooiideroga, or "old TJ,"
us it is familiarly called, when you re
of revolutionary fumo, nioduatly demand
ed thu surrender of tho fort from tho llrit-
Uli, in tho iinmu of tlio "Ureal Jehuva und
tlio Contluuntnl Congress."
iA fow miles bill) farther to thu wust tho
waters of llm beautiful Lul.o Georgo aro
distinctly to bo seen, although from this
lofty huight they resombfu a dot on tho
surface, whllo In thu background and at
the) bu.o ot the two hikes, rises tho gruy
ohl Adriontai-a, peak after peak, towering
to the very skies, crowns tho magnificent
panorama spread out before and be
ncnth uwj which many travelcrif to lor
oign Im.ds havo often declared they
hud nuvur scon surpassed auJ
soldoin equalled. On the opposito shoro
from us, on tho other side of tho luko und
a Ditto north of us, is tho celobrntod
"JOHN 1II10WN TJtACT,"
and within a radius of fifty miles and al
most within sight, on a clear day, lies tho
little, hamlet of North Albor, whoru " John
llrown's body lius mouldering in tho
grave," whlltf his noul in htlll supposed to
bu oi its travoln.
N o rogrotlully left tho Pumiiiit and its
Kunoly niui'iilllcnnt viow. aluwlv
truete; our ntl ,iow ti0 n,ul,iitaln to our
cuinplnt; arouii,), mid woro soon rattling
down thu iHiMrti,,, llt u lively i.uco,
"tr vlng back hom lu 0ll aua8-0,; for
Wanurtlmu undspacou,,,,, lu lu clos(J
and dfer to our noxtour various other ex
peditions li, this vicinity. Wu aro ow ,
tho full tldu of cominencoinent lesUvitlea
tho town Is full of slrangow. Tho prosl
dont of thocollcffo elves n grand lovoo to
morrow avonlnc. '1''10 noxl ovcnlngwo
have a concert by EdmoroV lloston band,
which will boa fitting winding up to tlio
t.n of tho week.
u'lmt has becotno of tho 0. & V.
It. It 1 As near as wo can learn by tlio
HtiLMcriN It Is In Statu 'no. Vi'o hopooro
this It ts rossurcctod again, and will not
coma back Ilka Banquo's ghost to haunt
tu. As over, contentedly.
J. U. K. T. T.
GREAT SPEECH AT CHICAGO OX
THE REPUBLICAN PARTY
RAIGNED IIY ONE OK
WHOLESOME TRUTHS TOLD
Ciiicaoo, Ills.. Aug. 12. Farowcll
hall was tilled to-nlglit with n largo nudl-
unco, who listened with groat interest to
Senator Schurz, who had been invited to
this city by a largo number of prominent
ucrmans ;or tho purposo 01 giving incm
his views on the great politicnl topics of
tlio day. Mr. Prussing In introducing
tho spuakor. remarked that if tho Gormans
of this country provo themselves worthy of
such a roprcecntntivo, mo ideal 01 n repub
lic will bo brought much ncaror to us.
Senator Schurz spoko in tho Gorman
langungo, nnd in his opening remarks
gavo tho Germans of thin county tho cred
it of sympathizing with him in his mo
tives and position, nnd promised that ho
would givo thorn his vlows without reserve,
as was tho duty of those who exorcised any
control upon public opinion.
It was claimed that a few rostlcss agita
tors wero tho catiso of confusion now exist
ing among political parties, nnd yet no ro
forms could bo successfully carried
through without agitation. Tho present
hour presented a new order of things,
with now problems, now dangers and now
duties, unprovided for in "tho old pro
grammes of politicnl parties.
1 n sweeping away tlio doctrine of seces
sion, abolishing slavery and breaking tho
slav-holding power, had established tho
civil and political rights, of nil citizens,
but Had estranged the toolings between
tlio citizons of different soctions of tho
country and rendorcd nccoisary a now
system of taxation reaching evory national
Tho government of to-day has grown be
yond what It was once, nnd its oiucors in
numbors liavo assumed tho proportions of
nn army, wnocxorcisodu wiuciproud innu
enco in political concorns, while tho power
wielded by monoy frenuontly tries, and
often succeeds in controlling tho execu
tive, legislation and courts of justice, and
partisan organizations wero used to fur
ther tho individual interests of politicians.
Tho speaker's rulo in considering impor
tant quostions was to do so outsido of all
political connections so ns not to bo biased
by personal or party interests. Tho inter
ests of tho country demand that tho quos
tions irrowlnir out of tho war embodied In
tho thirteenth, fourteenth and fifteenth
amendments to tho constitution of thu
United States should bo nceontcd by nil
political parties as equal civil and politi
cal rights, and it is tho only theory consis
tent Willi tlio maintenance ot lreo labor.
PREJUDICES TO HE OVERCOME.
Tlio prejudices of persons avorso to tho
amendments will havo to bo overcome by
patriotic men, firmly upholding the legiti
mate results of tho "war, und our southern
people must bo gradually cut loose from
thu pnst and painful memories as well
their peculiar desires und aspirations and
their thoughts, directed to tlioso Interests
which wo liavo in common. To this end
nothing is morn desirable or necessary
than thu removal of political disabilities
X OK.VEllAI, AMNESTY.
Tho speaker considered it onoof tho
most serious blunders of tho Republican
party that this amnesty was not granted
long ago, and tho arguments combating
tho granting 'of such amnesty wero senti
mental ones.' In a republic whore tho
whole political organization of society is
based on tho univcrsaljty of suffrage
Political disabilities aro antigonistic to
Republicanism und can ut best exist onlv
a vary limited time.'
OOOU FKELINO IN MISSOURI.
Missouri to-day by tlio removal of dis
ironchisemcnt, oujoys perfect reposo and
order and general good feeling. Resides
disfranchisement is used by ono party to
keep another down. That is its object,
and lliu result Is that tho most unscrupu
lous politicians, bping under such circum
stances tho most useful, soon becomu very
influoiitiul. Tho speaker said if ho could
not maintain the ncemlency or his party
by honest me.tns, then -lie would by willing
to let it go throng ji purifying process,
howover unpleasant it might be.
t-OMETHINd MORi: THAN PU1ILIC l'LUNDKH
Tlio miseries nnd fierco convulsions in
Miso-uri buforo tho removal of political
disabilities, and the pcueo and tranquility
of that state siueo thu removal were por
trayed in glowing language and pointed
out as the remit of something higher in
politics than tlio possession and d stribn-
tson of public pi under. Thoro uro two
elements of difficulty in tho south which
must bo viewed In connection with the
aiiiuasty question: Tho disunion spirit
trying to keep down thu colorod people,
and union men producing disorders known
as -rwii-iviux ouiriigo, anu on mo oinor
hand thu administration of unscrupulous
nnd rapacious men callod carpet-baggers.
Thoo two evils cannot bo alono removed
by penal legislation on tho part of con
grcbs. Relief must comu from tho peoplo
thumsolvos, ns Ills oviduntthat neither the
Democratic not tho Republican party as
thoy now are in most of tho southern etutes
can ull'ord rullef, tho Democratic being con
trolled by tho reactionary and vlolont ele
ment of Southern socioty, tho Republican
boing under thu lead of unscrupulous and
NEW PARTY WANTED.
If tho good men connected with both
parties would unito, they would possess n
numerical stronctli onouirh to benr down
all opposition, und moral power enough to
maintain order und cood government, nnd
tho removal of political disabilities by am
nesty would briug about tho result. In
speaking ot tha powor wloldcd by the gov-
crnmoni anu to avert evns arising there
from, two things woroessontial.
Tho spoukcr said that wo must consciun
tiously ndhcro to tho principles of const
tutionnl government und that wo must
olovato tho standard of morality in political
THE KU-KLUX HILL.
Tho opposition to the Ku-klux bill in
congress was becauso tho bill iuvoitcd tho
government with powers not warrontod
by constitution j powers more dnngorous
In ellect than tho nbuses thoy woro to cor
rect. It was llko appointing a lion to pro
tect sheup against wolves. Tho lion would
easily keep tho wolves uway, but what was
to protect tlio shoop from tho Hon? Our
general government has power to protect
thu rights mid liberties of its citizens, but
In lining so it is not to go boyond certain
lines of its authority prescribed In tlio con
stitution. Senator votud against this act, not ns
If thoy had been unwilling to protect tho
iivoj, nnu rights nnd llbartlcs or inoso who
noeu it in uio south, but becauso tho mnn-
II or In which thn tirnl.vttliin It nrnnntml la
Involving great dangers to tho rights nnd
llbartlcs of nil t nmt wn rnfused In errant
Rlinll nnmn.. i 1 1. ... .. . . nnt 1
tho prosldont now In offico did not Indi
vidually possess our confidence, but bo-
crtuso wo would not entrust any man
woro ho ovor so cronl nnd nood with such
powers toruio the Amorican people
WHEN EXTRAORDINARY POWERS ARE A
In poriods of extromo public peril
temporary crnnt of snob extraordinary
powor may do n necessity, as mo lloinnns
appointed n dictator whon tho enomv was
- l' ...I... ' i. '
nt their ga,tos. In such poriods tho habft'
of using exceptional powors Is easily Ac
duircd, but It ii timo tbatat least wo should
understand that tho war is prer, that the
habits of war must ho dropped, nfid j that
constitutional government must onco more!
reign supromo. Thoro is no snfty 'for bur.
free institutions. -
ORIOIN OF THE li. K. HILL.
It has been said that tho Ku-kliix bill
was brougni lorwnru in congress not
morolvfor tho purposo of guppresslntf
disorder and violence, but of enabling tho
Republican party 10 maintain or rosumo
its ascendancy, and especially' tho presi
dent to secure for himself tho electoral
oto of tho bouthorn Slates by tho macbin-,
cry or law. n is possiuio nisi soino
uncrupulous politicians havo such nn ob
lect In view, but thoy, however, wanted
and proposed a law much more swooping
than this. Hut it is my dcllborato convic
tion, based on personal observation, that a
majority of thoso who voted lor tho bill,
had no other object than to afford protec
tion to porsons In tho South who seemed
to bo helplessly oxposod to poriocutlon nnd
outrage, nnd many of them voted for tho
bill with hemauon and regret. I don t
want to Justify their vote or to excuse
anvbodv. but to bo lust, lam honestly
convlncod that nothing has dono moro to
kcon alivo tho spirit from which Ku-kluk
outrages procood, than tho acrimonious
war that wns wagod on tho reconstruction
measures and constitutional amendments.
and tho studious encourogemont that was
given to tho liopo that thcio thlncs would
bo swept away again, if only tho Demo
cratic party should como into power.
HIS HONISr CONVICTIONS.
I am furthermoro convinced that a lame
majority of tho Republican party, North
and South, are in favor of a .liberal, gener
ous and strictly constitutional policy, and
that the demagogues nnd schemors among
tho leaders of that party would havo Leon
nuoriy impotent nau not tuo lawless cle
ment In tho South and tho blind re-actioa-
Ists uvcrywhero, most industriously fur
nished them the capital to work upon
In spoaking "of tlio San JDomingo case,
tIJU BJICUhCr &UIU lUUfc 111U UUIICXrUIUU Ol
Snn Domingo would inevitably load to tho
annoxntlon of tho American tropics down
to'tho Isthmus of Dnricn. This would
givo tis a population of tho Lntin-Indo-
Arncnn mixturo which has no notions in
common with us, and that would promise
no prospect ol successiui assimilation with
our political system,
A o would cain countries beautiful in
deed, but countries whoso possession would
be tho.sourco of incalculable difficulties
such as military government, corruption
and demoralization ot every kind.
Speaking of tho orders given by tho
president to our naval squadron in tho
West Initios to protect llacz, tho chief of
the ropublic of San Domingo. IfBacz was
interfered with by any orio, Senator Scborz
said ; Tho powor to involvo tho country
in war is n powor of tremendous responsi
bility. It cannot be circumscribed too
carefully, nortOo conscientiously guarded
against. When this power was taken frdm
tho excutivo and conildcd to the legisla
tive brunch of thn government, it wai one
of tho most important chains In the theories
of constitutional government. It was
essentially a Republican prnss , rvii
which wo jrul ruiiv i emcmbor tho fathers
of our constitution.
RELATIONS WITH GRANT.
I havo been soverly censured and attack
ed for my attitude in this affair. That
cannot touch me. Rut when a respectable
republican journal summons Mr. Sumner
nnd roysolf to compromise our, personal
differences with tho prcsidont for the sako
of tho public Interest, it deser ved nii ans
wer. I cannot understand this viow ot
public affairs'. I know of no porsoqal dif
forencos that could influenco 'my political
nttotudo. My personal relations with the
prisident woro never olhor than friendly,
I complain of nothimr. and Wero H other-
wfio 1 would cortafply Ioso my selfrrpspcci
if, on account of a personal foellhg, 1 was-
capable, of attncklng Uio policy of tho pros-
mom. jiui ii tne president wore my dear
est nnd most Intimate friend, this"-friendship
would not restruin mo from opposing
a violation oi mo constitution.
I.EfJ AL-TKNUr B'D ECMpN.
The reversion of 'tho decision of tho su
promo court concerning tho lciral-lender
act, gavo c speaker serious thoughts' as
to what was to become of tho authority of
our courts if tho practice becomes provol
ent of packing tho highest tribunal of jus
Speaking of thu civil servico. tho sneak
er said : llio civil sorvico reform us I tin-
lurstand it liua two objects: first, to civo
thu country rnoro efficient nnd honest offi
cer, and thus Induce n moro regular and
ecuiiumicui uuiiiinistrniion: uriu;oconoiy,
tu abolish that source of demoralization.
and corruption which we call government
patronage. 1 boliero If wo attain tho sec
ond ond, thoro will bo no difficulty about
mo ursi. tiio lounduiion or great abuses
and thu worst, consists in this:, that
public interests: aro considered and treated
us tlio moro spoils or tho victorious party.
Look at tho representatives and law glv-
isnoccssary for thorn to maintain their in-
iiuonco nt Home. They descend to tho
rolo of office brokers who stand beforo tho
prcsiuoni, noi ns independent rnnrotni.
tlvcs of tho sovereign people, but lis it
woro, petitioners for tho presldont to.
grant or wiiniioid his favors, or, If ho do
t.ires, ho may soil theso favors as tho prlco
of ncqulcBconco in his schemes against
their consciences'. Men of 'worth or solf
respect have been deterred .from nctivo
participation lu political lifo and yield
their places to Jiungry adronturers, and
h6iico demoralization,, nnd that bluntlnc
ofllnor feeling of honor which porvades
our political lifo. Tlio pooplo begin to
sco tho dangers which spring from our
senseless nnd demoralizing system, nnd
in pursuanco of a luw drafted by your
bravo Senator Trumbull, a commission lias
been appointed to propose incasuroa for
thu ubolition of tlioso abuses. Cortalnlv
without suoh a commission, many'of thorn
nilgai havo boon abolished by the prosl
dunt ami a woll disposed executive, but
so fur tho broiid-nnd-butter business Is In
full bloom. Lot -us reioleo l,At' J i.,..
I tho first stop has been taken in a civil-
service, t.-oimmuiun. l,0ok nt tho problem
from tho cbrrect point or viow. It has
commonccd making war upon tho fountain
of corruption. It Is t0 bo considered
wliuthor competltivo examinations ofcun-
iiRluies ior 01 ico nrV practicable in con
foriulty with tho constitution. Tho (iitos
tlon has been submitted to tho attorney
uonornl for his opinion, ami if i,. ....... .r.
n the 1 negative, then it s not impossible
that tho commission will fall back on tlio
plan which I iad tho honor to proposo In
my clvll-sorvico roform bill with
reunion 10 uio preaiuontlal appolnt
monts, That n class of
Hons bo instltutod, that from thoso who
nro found fit, tho Prosldont may inako his
selections. Rut that, thon, tho powor of
removal should bo llmltod. Cases of
crime, inoincicncy or violation of tho rules
or tho sorvico. xuis, in conjunction with
an njiproprinio oxicnsion or omclal terms
would stop 1110 worst abuses or patronage,
anu Kruuuituy uusvroy, ino wnoio system
.much woum do won ror tlio civil sorvico
rciorm by tho limitation of tho Prosidcn
tlnl torm to ono term. You inako a Pros!
dent Inolllgiblo for n second torm, and tho
market whoro consciences nro bought and
sold, will nt least bo limited to that ox-
tent, wnshincton rococtnlzod tho hlrt
responsibility of his duty, and gavo to his
subordinates that measure of his own no
Hons of honor, bv hli own oxamnlo. how.
ever much ho deserved, a iroward for that
Which ho und 'doho1 for tho country, and
nobody OVOr did. or descrvod morn linfnrn
mm or aitor mm. lio showod that bn
v . . . --
Jpokod upbo his odlcias art obliging op-
j'ot'asJ"nVotd.mllch coW to feed him
nd UiS.kIi,l4ndwho icould . risk of ovory
uuriuiiit(u rcuuar n anil rrroninr aorvicn.
government oincor undor him tho tamo
notion of honor and duty. I am for tho
lovatlon of moral 'toho In our political
h BilU, JO WUU IB IU
om pursuing tho
evil in all its ramifications whatovcr It 1
cost him. . 1 1
It Is my COnylCtfOIl that tho AirierlfiSi
n.M.1. if . L n . .1 n . I h . - . 1 . .
j'uujrio 11 iiiu V uesiru m rosioro purily 10
our PUbl a lifo. thnv moat illrivt ittnW at
tention to tho head ns. woll as members of
tllO body politic. Ullnd pnrtv anlrlt lh.
iubuub mat wq snouiu go with and ror tbo
will of tho majority regularly expressed
through thick and thin, and ho who re
fuses to do this Is branded bv tho blind
.1. .-i..". . . . ... i ."--
pnrty spirit sirapiy us a traitor.
Tho thlovcs of Tammany, Now-York,
aro tho very Ideal of a wcll-dlsciplined
party organization In its highest stato at
perfection, nnd Its fruits aro just thoso
tviiieu a partisan aiscipiino, so soiush, so
pcricci ana so roiiAuio must in tho long
run noccssamv produce JJut it is not
corruption, In tho cross form of olectlng
aiono mat is cultivated uy Diinu party
THE ErrECT OF PAUTT BI8CIPL1NI.
Strict party discipline undormlnoa tho
moral fcoling and conscientiousness in a
much moro subtlo way. It commonces to
disguise or to conceal tho truth and to deal
In fiction according to party interest, and
it requires not only a love of truth, but it
suuitb vvumv j ik ivijuiiv yvm imiu iahu-
nest to withstand that command, for thoso
who resist are In danger of being burnt
alive, as heretics on tbo party altar J I
Anit I fai nrvil rmn annn ana una I fk I
win say ncro ior uio encouragement oi
moro timid horottcs of whom there tare
many. I havo been already burnt so fre
quently on mat altar as to know that it
docs not hurt so soon as ono guts accus
tomed to it.
Cast a look this moment at tho political
world, How many democratic papers aro
thcro bold enough to donounco tho daring
robberies of Turamany Hall, as oporily
and emphatically as thoy ought to bo de
nounced. To their honor ho it said tbero
aro some, but their number is not large;
and how many are thcro who corcr'thoso
cnormitios with stubborn silence or oven
defend them ? How many democratic pa
pers aro there, which admit that thero is
such a thine as ku-klur outrages In the
south, and how many republican papora
aro thero in which donounco citrpot-bag
corruption as it occurs In tho I0uth7
ACCUMULATION Ot CAPITAL.
I havo already indicated that tha In.
creasedtpowor of tho government renders
a cnroful conscientious maintenance of
constitutional limitation of its power, and
f till greater must bo oar caution in view
of tho colonal accumulation of capital in
tho hands of groat corporations, railroad
companios, etc, which consolidato them
selves as monopolies, continually growing
strongor, and which already exert a for
mldablo and almost incalcuablo power
over our local as well as our national in
terests. Already wo aro accustomed td
it., j.!....., 4U. uai aiiro4 own ihi
or ,that stato, executive, leuUHtturos,
courts and all, and unfortunatoly it "ap
pears but -too true, in many cases.; How
great tbo moneyed power of the .corpo
ration will bo in ten years, how. ixtonsivo;
its ownership JnJ govornori, laglslators
and courts of, law, whether, thoy will then
with absoluto power, givo us law or im
poso taxes on us, according to their pleas
uro, wno can. leu r ,Hut tqisj every tninking
man fools, that in tho tremendous growth
of tho finances, of these corporations,
thero lies a throatoning dancer for tho
American peoplo. 1 '
As a euro for party aplrit andi ItJeonsg-
quonces,-whcn allowed to rule regardless
of consequences, tho Ipcakor said that wo
should deny to party thai blind obodienco
which it demands; that our individual no
tions of right oft-consciousness- for duty to
net accordlnc.to indonoadontlv .and. .con
scientiously fprmqd c90Tiction,;ihould.be
strictly aVilTlgorbttsly preserved. Whon
the'r'dis; Jn'n 'party' a strong force of.. mem
who.arOjdetQrmlncd to know the ttutb, to
ipoaic Jtuanu to, tollow 4lne party only
wheh it. docs .rights iand suppqrtits candf;
datcs.only wlijn they are good, and to sup
port Its, moaurosjonly-tMhon.they arepurd,
and under, 'no' otbor lclrcumatances, thon
that pnrtywiU.raoro easily oicapa tbo dan
ger of hecbtrii'ngjcorrupt.j
uwmg to'ino into nour at wnicu mo
speaker finished his roraarks, 11 o'clock
wo-cannot roilow Him lurtuqr .to-nigut,
lio snoko from 8 o'clock, to 11 o'clock, and.
during this long tmo but ypry fow per
sons left tho hall, and tho speaker's re
marks woro listonod to with erect atten
tion, nnd tho loud applauso, frequently
expressed, showod. tho, ihlonso approval
and sympathy of -tho, audlij'nco with tho
, IMMIUttABIT TICKETfl.
' INMAN LtNE:
Liverpool, New-York and Phlljulelphla
. i 1 1
Steamship Company, 1 ;
VNIirn COSTBiVT WITH I'XITU) RT1TXS SNP BIITIS
For Carrying the Mails.
FOR PASSAGE TICKETS
ok, rvarnai ixroi-.MiTiox' ' f
APPLY TO JOHN G. DALE, Aot.,
1W) Ilroadway, w ork, or to . r
JI.HOILPi,' l''"- I . I'
210 Washlnitlon Avenue, Cairo, Illinois.
IMMIGRANT ( 'TICKETS '
FOR SALE, 1 For Hale 'for SALE,
i rcrnaiu i
FOP, SALE, j ForHaiU.PK, SAliE.f
Faro from Liverpooiy ;J ,
Fiiro from LoNuqNHERHY, no
Faro, from Glaboow,-
Faro from QUkknstown
$18; 2 0
Hnfloril, Morris A Candee, Ageiita
Thn Illinois Central Hail Koad Company nw
ollur for aalo Hot followlni; tlcscrlbod lola lu Firs
Addition to Hit) City of Cairo, via I
Lot 37 block 20. Lot IH bloolc ft),
' rft fc2, ". lib " Hi,
o i at! . al ,K).
k. so , hJ, t tt as ' w..
For terrnttele., apply to JAMUJ J0UN8()Mi
SAVE TWKNTY PEll CJiNT
11 J buying your
"fit" TT" '
Wahln(ton-nv., Xenr 4'oalnm Ilonae,
1 " ' to i
vin r. f Clro,,"u maaiilacliirlng all
PLAIN "AND. FANO V'PURN IT UR R
And havo now on hand and for ilr, al
Wliulrtmlp nuil Ilelnll,
alt kinds, an.! will continue to keen at (heir
8ALEH R00MK, IN THEIR NEW HUILDINO
Every diaCrlDtloo of chean ami conllr mrnlinre.
Marble Topped Dureaus,
Wararobes, Sofa Chairs,
TIungr, eUs , etc.,
Which they will guarantee to sell
TWENTY PER CENT. LOWER
Than they can hboonrit from any other dealer la
the city. Uive them a call an. I ratlufy yniir-
CORNER SIXTH and WALNUT-ST.,
(Entrance on Hixth-st)
F. J. 0ks,
If. C. L'aJr.
K. II. LoJwIck,
OAKES, CAUT & CO. Proprietors,
COMMKiinr ii. iiotkl,
COMMERCIAL-AVENUE,, OIT0SITE P. O,
The IIouse is Newi-v Fuknisiiei)
And offers to the public first-tlm actommoJs
- Hons at reasonable rates,
Opposite the Portoffice, on Bixth Htret Utween
Washington anJ Commercial avenues,
This house has been thorouehly over-hauled,
Irefurulshtxl and renovated, and is now open for
the reception of guests. The rooms are all lartto
and well ventilated, and fuihituro ow. Hatch
kept night and day, MRU. OAPKNET,
Vllln HIiIbp. IlllnoU.
TIMOTHY COYL, Proprietor.
Is one of the best and fin est saloons la Ilia roiiu
ty aid is supplied with Urn lil wine, b'iio
nnd lager beer. Tho proprietor Invites paironag
promising 'o treat tht-in his patron. wall and s
give them the best in the aliop-iahicli.illht Lost
a Villa Kidgo. ' JWlf
TlIE PEOPLE'S MEAT MARKET
CHAN. avi:h A CO.,
kF.KV conaUntly on hand, tin best of beel,
pork, mnttoii, veal, lamb', sausage, pudding,
ato.. Fresh whllo lard In any quantity, corned
beef, etc., always on hand. ,,. .
Orders promptly llllod.'and aatlsfaclion warran.
lllrei! and Dealer in nil Hinds iVcah
'' CoaKcit NrNitJijiti'AiiuVurLAB Stsiit.
OAlin, ILLINOIS. ,
UYB and elaiightors only tho very lst rattle,
JTj hogs and sheep, and la prepared lo rill any
dwiiaod for fresh uiosit from one pound to ten
URO0KRI AND SUV UOODN.
NbTIONS, BOOTS AND SHOES,
HATS AND CAPS, ETC.,
lint Inst received a. heavy alocK of Boots' and
, A Hhoesf Hosiery and Notions,
'FOR SALE FOR OASn VERY CHEAP
He also has a fine stccki bt ' Family Groceries of
M ' every kind.
CWEIl SIXTn-f AND COMMER-
I 1 ' ' ' '
DOORS, KANir, KTt
W. W. THORN TO
BLINDS. WINnow m.AH.q
Office on Tenth Sr.,
HfllVMM I'nlHIMiiaasil.l s . . .
,mrm win wm HMMI II
2X Hhcihiai, Felt Aiq,MfVSStrrm
and. U " '"Pf0"' Hoodng alaayi
tIA List V
Tf i tin
JiiviVLANI) SUI'T JUUMiJ
ol every description,
DOORS, SASH, BLINDS.
C! n. ..... - . T
o i k A to JI O A T LU JIBE
Furnished on shortest notice.
flA I 1 . . . r,1 i . .
rilttST ixATlONAIj liAN
HANI HI. HUIlt), President ;
ItOHKKT W. JIII.l.KK, Vice-President;
C. N. IIUOHEij, Cashier.
LUI.1.LUI ltJ.3 I'll. V HAD
.T Vl'l, 1 VM , 1 . . I . , I .. .
snicrrss auoweu ob lime uefsoaiu.
Chartered March 91, Its.
A, II. HAFFOUI). President i
H. H. TAYLOR, Vice-President ;
W. HYULOP.rSeerclary and Treasurer.
I . tl . J1ABCLAT, Lllll. UAL1UIII,
K. 51. Hiveansrn, Pari. O. Bcaiu,
If 1 f't &,klll(.W. W . P. Hallidiv.
Ift j. n. t'liii-urs.
lai.iui i. ... mw. atnnnni mfm.n m m
Ten CeuU I'pwanla.
I i.e? cent. rer annum. March Island Bentem-
ber ll. lnterxnt nol withdrawn la added Imma-
givtng inem coinjHjuan interest.
MARRIIU WOUEN AN1 CHILDREN MAT
SO THAT K0 OXt ILII CiX OaAW IT.
Own everr hnsiness day from 9 a.ra. to 3 p.m.,
and Batnrday evening lor HAV1NU DEPOSITS
only, from e to a o'clock.
THE CITY NATIONAL
W. I". 1IALL1DAV, President;,
A. H. HAFFOKD, Cashier I
WALTER HYSLOP Assistant Cashier.
Btaats TATLOa. Hobxst 11. ia'aaiu"i
Oto. I). WiiilAMsox, BTirinii Biao,
A Atiwe-. , r
Exchange, Colu and United Hlalca
Bond DoaiUt.asa BId.
i TT J "
DEPOSITB received, and a general banking
business done. , -t-s- v-i. .o
OAJilL L. THOMAS, , ,
Is prepared to do alt kinds of plala and oa"
mental . ,
KALSOMINING, PAPER, HANOI NO
SIQN W It I TI N 0 , XT C .,
At figures which defy all oorapetlon, and In the
highest styla tf tba painter's art.
SHOP IN THjTPERRY HOUSE, .
CohsKR OF COMMKRCIAL AVlWuK 'aND
lr . , XIOUTn BTEBjT.r ' I'n'i
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